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Valeria Cernaro, Domenico Santoro, Antonio Lacquaniti, Giuseppe Costantino, Luca Visconti, Antoine Buemi, Michele Buemi
Chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disorder is frequent in patients with renal failure. It is characterized by abnormalities in mineral and bone metabolism with resulting hyperphosphatemia, low serum vitamin D, secondary hyperparathyroidism, altered bone morphology and strength, higher risk of bone fractures, and development of vascular or other soft tissue calcifications. Besides the recommendation to reduce phosphorus dietary intake, many drugs are currently available for the treatment of calcium/phosphate imbalance...
2016: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease
Sarah L Greig, Greg L Plosker
Sucroferric oxyhydroxide (Velphoro®), an iron-based oral phosphate binder, is available for the control of serum phosphorus levels in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on dialysis. In a pivotal phase III trial, sucroferric oxyhydroxide 1000-3000 mg/day for 24 weeks was noninferior to sevelamer carbonate 4800-14,400 mg/day with regard to lowering serum phosphorus levels. Additionally, sucroferric oxyhydroxide at maintenance dosages was significantly more effective than low dosage sucroferric oxyhydroxide (250 mg/day) with regard to maintaining controlled serum phosphorus levels during weeks 24-27 of treatment...
April 2015: Drugs
Mario Cozzolino, Felix Funk, Viatcheslav Rakov, Olivier Phan, Isaac Teitelbaum
Sucroferric oxyhydroxide (VELPHORO) is a polynuclear iron-based phosphate binder recently approved for the treatment of hyperphosphataemia in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). As a number of the available phosphate binders do not provide the optimal combination of good efficacy, adequate tolerability and low pill burden, sucroferric oxyhydroxide constitutes a promising alternative. Among the attributes of an ideal phosphate binder is minimal absorption and, hence, low risk of systemic toxicity. Accordingly, the iron-releasing properties and absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion (ADME) profile of sucroferric oxyhydroxide, as well as the possibility of iron accumulation and toxicity, were investigated in a series of preclinical studies...
2014: Current Drug Metabolism
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August 18, 2014: Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics
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