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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534647/considering-built-environment-and-spatial-correlation-in-modelling-pedestrian-injury-severity
#1
Carlo G Prato, Sigal Kaplan, Alexandre Patrier, Thomas K Rasmussen
OBJECTIVE: This study looks at mitigating and aggravating factors that are associated with the injury severity of pedestrians when they have crashes with another road user and overcomes existing limitations in the literature by posing attention on the built environment and considering spatial correlation across crashes. METHOD: Reports for 6539 pedestrian crashes occurred in Denmark between 2006 and 2015 were merged with geographic information system resources containing detailed information about built environment and exposure at the crash locations...
May 23, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534267/simulation-of-the-hydraulic-performance-of-highway-filter-drains-through-laboratory-models-and-stormwater-management-tools
#2
Luis A Sañudo-Fontaneda, Daniel Jato-Espino, Craig Lashford, Stephen J Coupe
Road drainage is one of the most relevant assets in transport infrastructure due to its inherent influence on traffic management and road safety. Highway filter drains (HFDs), also known as "French Drains", are the main drainage system currently in use in the UK, throughout 7000 km of its strategic road network. Despite being a widespread technique across the whole country, little research has been completed on their design considerations and their subsequent impact on their hydraulic performance, representing a gap in the field...
May 23, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533863/management-and-outcome-of-traumatic-brain-injury-patients-at-muhimbili-orthopaedic-institute-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#3
Respicious Boniface, Edwin Rwebugisa Lugazia, Abel Mussa Ntungi, Othman Kiloloma
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain Injuries represents a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and road traffic crashes accounts for a significant proportion of these injuries. However, access to neurosurgical care is poor in low income countries like Tanzania. The aim of this study was to assess the management and outcome of Traumatic brain injury patients at a tertiary level health facility in Tanzania. METHODS: A retrospective observational study of Traumatic brain injury patients attended at Muhimbili Orthopedic Institute between January 2014 and June 2014...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533860/-surgical-treatment-of-calcaneal-fractures-about-29-cases
#4
Badr El Alami, Aimane Naam, Mohamed Admi, Ilyas Rabhi, Mohamed Elbardai, Fawzi Boutayeb
Calcaneal fractures are infrequent but, more often, serious. We report a series of 29 cases of calcaneal fractures surgically treated in the Orthopaedics and Traumatology in the University Hospital (CHU) Hassan II of Fez. This retrospective study aims to present the principles and to evaluate the results of surgical treatment for articular fractures of the calcaneus, in comparison with conservative treatment. Our study included 21 men and 8 women, the average age was 21-61 years. Etiology was dominated by road traffic accidents as wel as by falls from a high place...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531644/safety-evaluation-of-driver-cognitive-failures-and-driving-errors-on-right-turn-filtering-movement-at-signalized-road-intersections-based-on-fuzzy-cellular-automata-fca-model
#5
Chen Chai, Yiik Diew Wong, Xuesong Wang
This paper proposes a simulation-based approach to estimate safety impact of driver cognitive failures and driving errors. Fuzzy Logic, which involves linguistic terms and uncertainty, is incorporated with Cellular Automata model to simulate decision-making process of right-turn filtering movement at signalized intersections. Simulation experiments are conducted to estimate the relationships between cognitive failures and driving errors with safety performance. Simulation results show Different types of cognitive failures are found to have varied relationship with driving errors and safety performance...
May 19, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529012/the-epidemiology-and-hotspots-of-road-traffic-injuries-in-moshi-tanzania-an-observational-study
#6
Joseph M Reardon, Luciano Andrade, Julian Hertz, George Kiwango, Anneth Teu, Msafiri Pesambili, Deena El-Gabri, Michael Hocker, Mark Mvungi, João Ricardo N Vissoci, Catherine A Staton
Road traffic injuries (RTIs) continue to increase with the proliferation of motor vehicles, especially in low-income countries where safe road infrastructure is lacking. Knowing where and why RTIs occur would allow for increased safety and prevention planning. In this study, police records of 300 motor vehicle collisions which occurred between February 2013 and January 2014 in Moshi, Tanzania were reviewed. Analysis of variables including victim age, gender, type of collision, conditions, and use of safety equipment were analyzed...
May 3, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527382/global-burden-of-road-traffic-accidents-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-regression-analysis
#7
Boon Hong Ang, Won Sun Chen, Shaun Wen Huey Lee
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: This study aims to estimate the burden of road traffic accidents and death among older adults. DESIGN AND METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted on 10 electronic databases for articles describing Road Traffic Accident(RTA) mortality in older adults until September 2016. A random-effects meta-regression analyses was conducted to estimate the pooled rates of road traffic accidents and death. RESULTS: A total 5018 studies were identified and 23 studies were included...
May 13, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523083/association-of-midfacial-fractures-with-ophthalmic-injury
#8
REVIEW
Constantinus Politis, Alexandra Kluyskens, Titiaan Dormaar
The aim of this study is to evaluate the incidence of ophthalmic complications following midfacial fractures and investigate its relation to surgical or nonsurgical treatment. This article is a retrospective study, describing the spectrum and incidence of ophthalmic injury in 106 patients presenting with midfacial fractures at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the University Hospitals Leuven over a period of 16 months (January 2013 to April 2014). The mean age of the patients was 45.6 years with a gender distribution of 68 men and 38 women...
June 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520888/traffic-congestion-as-a-risk-factor-for-mortality-in-near-road-communities-a-case-crossover-study
#9
Meredith Pedde, Adam A Szpiro, Sara D Adar
Existing epidemiological research on traffic largely neglects localized fluctuations. We leveraged finely-resolved congestion data to investigate short-term associations with mortality in near-road communities. We identified all non-accidental, cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and respiratory deaths (2009-2013) within 1 km of a Puget Sound highway. Using a case-crossover design, we examined the association between congestion 0-150, 151-300, and 301-1000 m upwind of a decedent's home and mortality, adjusting for meteorology, holidays, and flu...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516298/modeled-traffic-noise-at-the-residence-and-colorectal-cancer-incidence-a-cohort-study
#10
Nina Roswall, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Matthias Ketzel, Kim Overvad, Jytte Halkjær, Mette Sørensen
PURPOSE: Traffic noise has become an increasing public health concern, associated with pervasive negative health effects, most likely through pathways of sleep disruption and stress. Both sleep disruption and stress have been associated with colorectal cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between residential traffic noise and colorectal cancer incidence. METHODS: Traffic noise was calculated for all residential addresses from 1987 to 2012 for 51,283 Danes in the Diet, Cancer and Health Cohort...
May 17, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515606/gender-based-assessment-of-survival-in-trauma-hemorrhagic-shock-a-retrospective-analysis-of-indian-population
#11
Pankaj Verma, Sanjeev Bhoi, Upendra Baitha, Tej Prakash Sinha, Prakash Ranjan Mishra
INTRODUCTION: Trauma-hemorrhagic shock (THS) is a leading cause of death. Female rats and women experience better outcomes in terms of survival after major trauma as compared to males. There are limited data in Indian population. Authors studied the gender-based outcome of patients with Class IV hemorrhagic shock due to blunt trauma and the distribution of factors among males and females which are known to affect outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a retrospective study with data of trauma victims between January 2008 and July 2013...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515563/secondary-eating-disorder-a-reality-case-report-of-post-brain-injury-sequelae
#12
Aparna Das, Deeksha Elwadhi, Manushree Gupta
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can lead to changes in eating behavior patterns. This report describes the case of a patient with alcohol dependence presenting with behavioral changes and eating disorder following frontal lobe trauma. A 42-year-old male, premorbidly well-adjusted presented with alcohol use in dependent pattern for years. He sustained a subdural hematoma in the frontal lobe following a road traffic accident 10 years back. Post-TBI, the patient, started having low frustration tolerance, aggressive outbursts, disinhibition, difficulty in persisting with tasks, apathy, amotivation, and craving for food with inability to control intake on the sight of food...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515545/traumatic-brain-injury-and-neuropsychiatric-complications
#13
REVIEW
Saeed Ahmed, Hema Venigalla, Hema Madhuri Mekala, Sara Dar, Mudasar Hassan, Shahana Ayub
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when a blow or jolt to the head or a penetrating injury results in damage to the brain. It is the most frequent cause of hospitalization in young people with a higher prevalence in men. TBI is the leading cause of disability and mortality between the ages 1 and 45. TBI can be caused either by the direct result of trauma or due to a complication of the primary injury. The most common etiological factors for TBI are falls, road traffic accidents, violent physical assaults, and injuries associated with athletic activities...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513188/late-presentation-of-esophageal-rupture-following-blunt-thoracic-trauma
#14
Vinitha V Nair, Kunal Krishna Singh, Joseph Thomas Kathayanat, Ratish Radhakrishnan, Akash Babu, Jayakumar Thanathu Krishnan Nair
Esophageal rupture following blunt thoracic trauma is extremely rare. A 30-year-old man sustained a road traffic accident causing blunt thoracic trauma that resulted in lower esophageal rupture. He presented 24 h after the initial trauma and was managed with primary repair and aggressive lavage with a drainage procedure. Early identification and repair of esophageal rupture is vital for preventing mediastinitis, but an aggressive surgical and postoperative management strategy can prevent mortality even in late presentations...
May 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512475/risk-factors-for-road-traffic-injuries-among-different-road-users-in-the-gambia
#15
Edrisa Sanyang, Corinne Peek-Asa, Paul Bass, Tracy L Young, Babanding Daffeh, Laurence J Fuortes
We identified risk factors for road traffic injuries among road users who received treatment at two major trauma hospitals in urban Gambia. The study includes pedestrians, bicyclists, motorcyclists, and drivers/passengers of cars and trucks. We examined distributions of injury by age, gender, collision vehicle types and vehicle category, and driver and environment factors. Two hundred and fifty-four patients were included in the study. Two-thirds were male and one-third female. Two-thirds (67%) of road traffic injuries involved pedestrians, bicyclists, and motorcyclists; and these were more common during weekdays (74%) than weekends...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511360/refined-2013-based-vehicle-emission-inventory-and-its-spatial-and-temporal-characteristics-in-zhengzhou-china
#16
Mimi Gong, Shasha Yin, Xingke Gu, Yuanqian Xu, Nan Jiang, Ruiqin Zhang
Vehicle emission is becoming one of the most important pollution sources because of the increase in vehicle population and activity in China. A more reasonable and complete vehicle emission inventory in Zhengzhou for the year 2013 was developed in this study. This inventory is suitable for local emission factors and vehicle kilometers of travel. Estimates show that the total carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbon (HC), nitrogen oxide (NOX), particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions were 291Gg, 35Gg, 106Gg, 6Gg, 7Gg, and 3Gg, respectively...
May 12, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509423/analysis-of-the-relationship-between-the-double-transverse-foramen-and-the-possibility-of-developing-clinical-symptoms-after-whiplash
#17
Juan A Sanchis-Gimeno, Marcelino Perez-Bermejo, Luis Rios, Susanna Llido, Markus Bastir, Esther Blanco-Perez, Federico Mata-Escolano
INTRODUCTION: Currently there is no information about the possibility of developing clinical symptoms after whiplash in double transverse foramen subjects. Our aim was to test whether subjects with double transverse foramen have an increased risk of presenting with acute headache, dizziness, vertebral artery dissection, and vomiting after whiplash. METHODS: We recorded the absence/presence of double transverse foramen, and the absence/presence of neck pain, acute headache, dizziness, vertebral artery dissection, and vomiting in 85 patients who had suffered whiplash injuries in car rear-end impacts in road traffic accidents...
May 16, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508698/negative-impact-of-litigation-procedures-on-patient-outcomes-four-years-after-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-results-from-the-paris-traumatic-brain-injury-study
#18
Eléonore Bayen, Claire Jourdan, Idir Ghout, Pascale Pradat-Diehl, Emmanuelle Darnoux, Gaëlle Nelson, Claire Vallat-Azouvi, James Charenton, Philippe Aegerter, Alexis Ruet, Philippe Azouvi
PURPOSE: To analyze the effect of litigation procedures on long-term outcomes in severe traumatic brain injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective observational follow-up of an inception cohort including 504 adults with severe traumatic brain injury recruited in 2005-2007 in the Parisian area, France, with initial, one- and four-year outcomes measures. RESULTS: Four years after the traumatic brain injury, 147 patients, out of 257 who survived the acute phase, were assessed...
May 16, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508521/an-incidental-diffuse-midline-glioma-found-at-autopsy
#19
Meggen Walsh, William Hamilton, Vektra Casler, Anthony Yachnis
This case shows an unexpected midline glioma found at autopsy. Two siblings were riding on a single bicycle on the side of a road. The 13-year-old brother was seated and steering the bicycle, while the 14-year-old sister held onto the back. The bicycle veered left into traffic and was struck by a vehicle. The siblings were admitted to the local Level 1 trauma center, but both later succumbed to injuries. Autopsies were performed on the children, including brains for neuropathologic evaluation. The brother was found to have an infiltrating astrocytoma located in the left middle cerebellar peduncle, with extension to the pons and medulla...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508335/toxic-potential-of-organic-constituents-of-submicron-particulate-matter-pm1-in-an-urban-road-site-barcelona
#20
Sofia R Mesquita, Barend L van Drooge, Manuel Dall'Osto, Joan O Grimalt, Carlos Barata, Natividade Vieira, Laura Guimarães, Benjamin Piña
Atmospheric particulate matter (PM) is a recognized risk factor contributing to a number of diseases in human populations and wildlife globally. Organic matter is a major component of PM, but its contribution to overall toxicity of PM has not been thoroughly evaluated yet. In the present work, the biological activity of organic extracts from PM1 (particles with less than 1 μm of aerodynamic diameter) collected from an urban road site in the centre of Barcelona (NE Spain) was evaluated using a yeast-based assay (AhR-RYA) and different gene expression markers in zebrafish embryos...
May 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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