keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

temporal epilepsy in children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891419/evaluation-of-hospitalized-intractable-epileptic-children-with-spect-scan-in-ahvaz-south-west-of-iran
#1
Ali Akbar Momen, Faramarz Ahmadi, Arash Malekian, Hannaneh Davoodzadeh, Hossein Kabirinia
INTRODUCTION: Seizures are the most frequent neurologic disorder seen in childhood. Epilepsy is a group of disorders that includes an abnormally increased susceptibility to seizures. AIM: To examine the effectiveness of SPECT (Single Photon Emission Computerized Tomography) in detecting seizure foci in 21 Iranian children who had medically refractory epilepsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children between 2 to 15 years of age with uncontrolled seizures were investigated using SPECT scan as a standardized protocol...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876179/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-peri-ictal-autonomic-changes-in-children-with-temporal-lobe-seizures
#2
Mark Whealy, Elaine Wirrell, Lily Wong-Kisiel, Katherine Nickels, Eric T Payne
BACKGROUND: We determined the prevalence of signs and symptoms of autonomic dysfunction in seizures of temporal lobe onset in children. METHODS: We evaluated the prevalence and risk factors of peri-ictal autonomic changes in temporal lobe onset seizures in children from a single-center pediatric epilepsy monitoring unit between June 1, 2009 and October 31, 2013. Age, gender, epilepsy etiology, current antiepileptic drug therapy, ictal electroencephalographic lateralization, brain magnetic resonance imaging results, and the presence of generalized tonic-clonic seizures over the preceding year were recorded from medical record review...
October 11, 2016: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873293/supraorbital-keyhole-microsurgical-fenestration-of-symptomatic-temporal-arachnoid-cysts-in-children-advantages-and-limitations
#3
Sherif Elkheshin, Ahmed Soliman
AIM: To investigate the impact of endoscope assisted microsurgical fenestration of temporal arachnoid cysts, the advantages and limitations of the technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study including twenty five children of symptomatic temporal arachnoid cysts operated via Eyebrow Supra-Orbital Keyhole Microsurgical Fenestration targeting medial cyst wall, Preoperative MRI brain was done for all patients. RESULTS: Preoperative, clinical presentation included headache (80%), nausea & vomiting (64%), drug resistant epilepsy (52%), macrocephaly (12%) papilledema (28%) motor weakness in the form of right sided hemiparesis (12%) and cranial nerve palsy...
October 14, 2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864929/temporal-lobe-epilepsy-and-focal-cortical-dysplasia-in-children-a-tip-to-find-the-abnormality
#4
Luca Bartolini, Matthew T Whitehead, Cheng-Ying Ho, Leigh N Sepeta, Chima O Oluigbo, Kathryn Havens, Emily R Freilich, John M Schreiber, William D Gaillard
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate an association between magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and pathologic characteristics in children who had surgery for medically refractory epilepsy due to focal cortical dysplasia (FCD). METHODS: We retrospectively studied 110 children who had epilepsy surgery. Twenty-seven patients with FCD were included. Thirteen had temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and 14 had extra-temporal lobe epilepsy (ETLE). Three patients had associated mesial temporal sclerosis...
November 16, 2016: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855768/-cognitive-deficits-are-underestimated-in-children-with-benign-epilepsy-with-centro-temporal-spikes
#5
Mary Doreen Atkins, Kirsten Juul
Benign epilepsy with centro-temporal spikes (BECTS) is, as the name suggests, usually considered benign. However, there is a growing awareness that this is not the case in all instances. Many of the children with BECTS have neuropsychological and linguistic dysfunctions, even after remission of the disease. In patients with classic BECTS, an association with GRIN2A-mutations is reported by several groups, suggesting a possible placement of BECTS at the mild end of an epileptic-aphasia spectrum. Awareness of the possible neuropsychological consequences of BECTS should be considered when treating these children...
November 7, 2016: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847463/metabolic-therapy-for-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-in-a-dish-investigating-mechanisms-of-ketogenic-diet-using-electrophysiological-recordings-in-hippocampal-slices
#6
REVIEW
Masahito Jr Kawamura, David N Ruskin, Susan A Masino
The hippocampus is prone to epileptic seizures and is a key brain region and experimental platform for investigating mechanisms associated with the abnormal neuronal excitability that characterizes a seizure. Accordingly, the hippocampal slice is a common in vitro model to study treatments that may prevent or reduce seizure activity. The ketogenic diet is a metabolic therapy used to treat epilepsy in adults and children for nearly 100 years; it can reduce or eliminate even severe or refractory seizures. New insights into its underlying mechanisms have been revealed by diverse types of electrophysiological recordings in hippocampal slices...
2016: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819402/-a-descriptive-study-of-non-symptomatic-epilepsy-according-to-age-at-onset-at-a-neuropediatric-section-of-regional-reference
#7
L Ochoa-Gomez, J Lopez-Pison, R Fernando-Martinez, C Fuertes-Rodrigo, P Samper-Villagrasa, L Monge-Galindo, J L Pena-Segura
AIM: A descriptive study of non-symptomatic epilepsy (idiopathic and cryptogenic), according to age at onset, monitored at a Neuropediatric Section of regional reference over a period of three years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A review of neuropediatric database medical records of children with non-symptomatic epilepsy supervised from Jan 1, 2008 till December 31, 2010. RESULTS: Of the 4595 children attended during the period, 605 were diagnosed with epilepsy (13...
November 16, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762437/symptomatic-and-presumed-symptomatic-focal-epilepsies-in-childhood-an-observational-prospective-multicentre-study
#8
Marilena Vecchi, Carmen Barba, Debora De Carlo, Micol Stivala, Renzo Guerrini, Emilio Albamonte, Domiziana Ranalli, Domenica Battaglia, Giada Lunardi, Clementina Boniver, Benedetta Piccolo, Francesco Pisani, Gaetano Cantalupo, Giuliana Nieddu, Susanna Casellato, Silvia Cappanera, Elisabetta Cesaroni, Nelia Zamponi, Domenico Serino, Lucia Fusco, Alessandro Iodice, Filippo Palestra, Lucio Giordano, Elena Freri, Ilaria De Giorgi, Francesca Ragona, Tiziana Granata, Isabella Fiocchi, Stefania Maria Bova, Massimo Mastrangelo, Alberto Verrotti, Sara Matricardi, Elena Fontana, Davide Caputo, Francesca Darra, Bernardo Dalla Bernardina, Francesca Beccaria, Giuseppe Capovilla, Maria Pia Baglietto, Alessandra Gagliardi, Aglaia Vignoli, Maria Paola Canevini, Egle Perissinotto, Stefano Francione
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical, neuropsychological, and psychopathologic features of a cohort of children with a new diagnosis of symptomatic or presumed symptomatic focal epilepsy at time of recruitment and through the first month. The selected population will be followed for 2-5 years after enrollment to investigate the epilepsy course and identify early predictors of drug resistance. METHODS: In this observational, multicenter, nationwide study, children (age 1 month-12...
November 2016: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690330/mapping-of-a-feb3-homologous-febrile-seizure-locus-on-mouse-chromosome-2-containing-candidate-genes-scn1a-and-scn3a
#9
Ellen V S Hessel, Hein A van Lith, Inge G Wolterink-Donselaar, Marina de Wit, Marian J A Groot Koerkamp, Frank C P Holstege, Martien J H Kas, Cathy Fernandes, Pierre N E de Graan
Febrile seizures (FS) are the most common seizure type in children. Recurrent FS are a risk factor for developing temporal lobe epilepsy later in life and are known to have a strong genetic component. Experimental FS (eFS) can be elicited in mice by warm-air induced hyperthermia. We used this model to screen the chromosome substitution strain (CSS) panel derived from C57BL/6J and A/J for FS susceptibility and identified C57BL/6J-Chr2(A) /NaJ (CSS2), as the strain with the strongest FS susceptibility phenotype...
September 30, 2016: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672628/optimized-seizure-detection-algorithm-a-fast-approach-for-onset-of-epileptic-in-eeg-signals-using-gt-discriminant-analysis-and-k-nn-classifier
#10
Kh Rezaee, E Azizi, J Haddadnia
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a severe disorder of the central nervous system that predisposes the person to recurrent seizures. Fifty million people worldwide suffer from epilepsy; after Alzheimer's and stroke, it is the third widespread nervous disorder. OBJECTIVE: In this paper, an algorithm to detect the onset of epileptic seizures based on the analysis of brain electrical signals (EEG) has been proposed. 844 hours of EEG were recorded form 23 pediatric patients consecutively with 163 occurrences of seizures...
June 2016: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664194/cognitive-function-and-heat-shock-protein-70-in-children-with-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#11
Azza M Oraby, Ehab R Abdol Raouf, Mostafa M El-Saied, Maha K Abou-Khadra, Suzette I Helal, Adel F Hashish
We conducted the present study to examine cognitive function and serum heat shock protein 70 levels among children with temporal lobe epilepsy. The Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test was carried out to examine cognitive function in 30 children with temporal lobe epilepsy and 30 controls. Serum heat shock protein 70 levels were determined with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The epilepsy group had significantly lower cognitive function testing scores and significantly higher serum heat shock protein 70 levels than the control group; there were significant negative correlations between serum heat shock protein 70 levels and short-term memory and composite scores...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635114/are-theory-of-mind-skills-in-people-with-epilepsy-related-to-how-stigmatised-they-feel-an-exploratory-study
#12
A J Noble, A Robinson, A G Marson
Feelings of stigma are one of the main burdens reported by people with epilepsy (PWE). Adults with temporal or frontal lobe epilepsy and children with idiopathic generalised epilepsy are at risk of Theory of Mind (ToM) deficits. ToM refers to social cognitive skills, including the ability to understand the thoughts, intentions, beliefs, and emotions of others. It has been proffered that ToM deficits may contribute to the feelings of stigma experienced by PWE. In this study we tested this for the first time...
2016: Behavioural Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612489/hippocampal-formation-maldevelopment-and-sudden-unexpected-death-across-the-pediatric-age-spectrum
#13
Hannah C Kinney, Annapurna H Poduri, Jane B Cryan, Robin L Haynes, Lisa Teot, Lynn A Sleeper, Ingrid A Holm, Gerald T Berry, Sanjay P Prabhu, Simon K Warfield, Catherine Brownstein, Harry S Abram, Michael Kruer, Walter L Kemp, Beata Hargitai, Joanne Gastrang, Othon J Mena, Elisabeth A Haas, Roya Dastjerdi, Dawna D Armstrong, Richard D Goldstein
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and sudden unexplained death in childhood (SUDC) are defined as sudden death in a child remaining unexplained despite autopsy and death scene investigation. They are distinguished from each other by age criteria, i.e. with SIDS under 1 year and SUDC over 1 year. Our separate studies of SIDS and SUDC provide evidence of shared hippocampal abnormalities, specifically focal dentate bilamination, a lesion classically associated with temporal lobe epilepsy, across the 2 groups...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566969/outcomes-of-resective-surgery-in-children-and-adolescents-with-focal-lesional-epilepsy-the-experience-of-a-tertiary-epilepsy-center
#14
Tugba Hirfanoglu, Ayse Serdaroglu, Gokhan Kurt, Atilla Erdem, Irem Capraz, Erhan Bilir, Ozge Vural, Murat Ucar, Ali Yusuf Oner, Baran Onal, Ozgur Akdemir, Ozlem Atay, Ebru Arhan, Kursad Aydin
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of resective surgery in children with focal lesional epilepsy by evaluating the predictive value of pre- and postsurgical factors in terms of seizure freedom. METHODS: This study included 61 children aged between 2 and 18years who were admitted to the pediatric video-EEG unit for presurgical workup. Each patient was evaluated with a detailed history, video-EEG, neuroimaging, and postsurgical outcomes according to Engel classification to predict postsurgical seizure freedom...
October 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562688/generation-of-febrile-seizures-and-subsequent-epileptogenesis
#15
REVIEW
Bo Feng, Zhong Chen
Febrile seizures (FSs) occur commonly in children aged from 6 months to 5 years. Complex (repetitive or prolonged) FSs, but not simple FSs, can lead to permanent brain modification. Human infants and immature rodents that have experienced complex FSs have a high risk of subsequent temporal lobe epilepsy. However, the causes of FSs and the mechanisms underlying the subsequent epileptogenesis remain unknown. Here, we mainly focus on two major questions concerning FSs: how fever triggers seizures, and how epileptogenesis occurs after FSs...
October 2016: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484747/list-learning-and-verbal-memory-profiles-in-childhood-epilepsy-syndromes
#16
William A Schraegle, Nancy L Nussbaum, Arianna K Stefanatos
Findings of material-specific influences on memory performance in pediatric epilepsy are inconsistent and merit further investigation. This study compared 90 children (aged 6years to 16years) with childhood absence epilepsy (CAE), frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE), and temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) to determine whether they displayed distinct list-learning and verbal memory profiles on the California Verbal Learning Test - Children's Version (CVLT-C). Group comparison identified greater risk of memory impairment in children with TLE and FLE syndromes but not for those with CAE...
September 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472665/medically-resistant-pediatric-insular-opercular-perisylvian-epilepsy-part-2-outcome-following-resective-surgery
#17
Alexander G Weil, Ngoc Minh D Le, Prasanna Jayakar, Trevor Resnick, Ian Miller, Aria Fallah, Michael Duchowny, Sanjiv Bhatia
OBJECTIVE Seizure onset in the insular cortex as a cause of refractory epilepsy is underrepresented in the pediatric population, possibly due to difficulties localizing seizure onset in deep anatomical structures and limited surgical access to the insula, a complex anatomical structure with a rich overlying vascular network. Insular seizure semiology may mimic frontal, temporal, or parietal lobe semiology, resulting in false localization, incomplete resection, and poor outcome. METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed the records of all pediatric patients who underwent insular cortical resections for intractable epilepsy at Miami Children's Hospital from 2009 to 2015...
November 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448241/predictors-of-intellectual-functioning-after-epilepsy-surgery-in-childhood-the-role-of-socioeconomic-status
#18
Klajdi Puka, Luc Rubinger, Carol Chan, Mary Lou Smith, Elysa Widjaja
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between socioeconomic status and intellectual functioning in children with medically refractory epilepsy, before and after resective epilepsy surgery. Family environment is a strong contributor to cognitive development in children and has been recently shown to play a significant role in intellectual outcome after surgery in children with epilepsy. METHODS: One hundred children who had undergone resective epilepsy surgery and completed preoperative and postoperative assessments of IQ as part of clinical care were included in the study...
September 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27412537/-effects-of-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-and-idiopathic-epilepsy-on-cognitive-function-and-emotion-in-children
#19
Xiao-Yan Yang, Li-Li Long, Bo Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of temporal lobe epilepsy and idiopathic epilepsy on cognitive function and emotion in children and the risk factors for cognitive impairment. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 38 children with temporal lobe epilepsy and 40 children with idiopathic epilepsy. The controls were 42 healthy children. All subjects received the following neuropsychological tests: Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scale, verbal fluency test, digit span test, block design test, Social Anxiety Scale for Children (SASC), and Depression Self-rating Scale for Children (DSRSC)...
July 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27305667/nonlinear-directed-interactions-between-hrv-and-eeg-activity-in-children-with-tle
#20
Karin Schiecke, Britta Pester, Diana Piper, Franz Benninger, Martha Feucht, Lutz Leistritz, Herbert Witte
OBJECTIVE: Epileptic seizure activity influences the autonomic nervous system (ANS) in different ways. Heart rate variability (HRV) is used as indicator for alterations of the ANS. It was shown that linear, nondirected interactions between HRV and EEG activity before, during, and after epileptic seizure occur. Accordingly, investigations of directed nonlinear interactions are logical steps to provide, e.g., deeper insight into the development of seizure onsets. METHODS: Convergent cross mapping (CCM) investigates nonlinear, directed interactions between time series by using nonlinear state space reconstruction...
December 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
keyword
keyword
119265
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"