keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

temporal epilepsy in children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629540/role-of-language-related-functional-connectivity-in-patients-with-benign-childhood-epilepsy-with-centrotemporal-spikes
#1
Hyeon Jin Kim, Jung Hwa Lee, Chang Hyun Park, Hye Sun Hong, Yun Seo Choi, Jeong Hyun Yoo, Hyang Woon Lee
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) does not always have a benign cognitive outcome. We investigated the relationship between cognitive performance and altered functional connectivity (FC) in the resting-state brain networks of BECTS patients. METHODS: We studied 42 subjects, comprising 19 BECTS patients and 23 healthy controls. Cognitive performance was assessed using the Korean version of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-III, in addition to verbal and visuospatial memory tests and executive function tests...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610055/language-function-in-childhood-idiopathic-epilepsy-syndromes
#2
D C Jackson, J E Jones, D A Hsu, C E Stafstrom, J J Lin, D Almane, M A Koehn, M Seidenberg, B P Hermann
PURPOSE: To examine the impact of diverse syndromes of focal and generalized epilepsy on language function in children with new and recent onset epilepsy. Of special interest was the degree of shared language abnormality across epilepsy syndromes and the unique effects associated with specific epilepsy syndromes. METHODS: Participants were 136 youth with new or recent-onset (diagnosis within past 12 months) epilepsy and 107 healthy first-degree cousin controls...
March 30, 2018: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573759/executive-dysfunction-and-depression-in-pediatric-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-the-contribution-of-hippocampal-sclerosis-and-psychosocial-factors
#3
William A Schraegle, Nancy L Nussbaum, Jeffrey B Titus
OBJECTIVES: Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) has been identified as a risk factor for increased depression features in children and adolescents; however, less is known regarding specific neurocognitive predictors of depression in this population above and beyond seizure-specific and sociodemographic factors. METHODS: The study included 62 patients with TLE (64% male) aged 8 to 16 years (M=12.62; SD=2.26) who underwent comprehensive neuropsychological evaluation. RESULTS: Correlation analyses revealed significant association between patient depression and WCST Total Perseverations, BRIEF Behavioral Regulation Index (BRI) and family stress...
March 25, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571057/panayiotopoulos-syndrome-and-benign-partial-epilepsy-with-centro-temporal-spikes-a-comparative-incidence-study
#4
Elaine Weir, John Gibbs, Richard Appleton
PURPOSE: To compare the de novo incidence of Panayiotopoulos syndrome (PS, early-onset childhood occipital epilepsy) and a common epilepsy syndrome, benign epilepsy with centro-temporal spikes (BECTS), in children and young people. METHODS: The incidence of PS and BECTS was recorded over 16 months in a population of children and young people (aged <16 years) living within a specific geographic area and epilepsy network within the North West of England and North Wales and the catchment area of the tertiary paediatric epilepsy centre...
March 5, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525400/safety-and-effectiveness-of-surgery-for-epilepsy-in-children-experience-of-a-tertiary-hospital-in-ecuador
#5
O Fernández-Concepción, M López Jiménez, C Valencia-Calderón, A Calderón-Valdivieso, A Recasén-Linares, L Reyes-Haro, C Vásquez-Ham
INTRODUCTION: There is sufficient evidence on the usefulness of surgery as a therapeutic alternative for patients with drug-resistant epilepsy; however this treatment is underutilized, especially in developing countries. METHODS: We describe the outcomes of epilepsy surgery in 27 paediatric patients at Hospital Baca Ortiz in Quito, Ecuador. Our analysis considered the following variables: reduction in seizure frequency, surgery outcome according to the Engel classification, improvement in quality of life, and serious complications due to surgery...
March 7, 2018: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518249/characteristics-and-long-term-outcome-of-127-children-with-cerebral-arteriovenous-malformations
#6
Elias Oulasvirta, Päivi Koroknay-Pál, Ahmad Hafez, Ahmed Abou Elseoud, Hanna Lehto, Aki Laakso
BACKGROUND: Population-based long-term data on pediatric patients with cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are limited. OBJECTIVE: To clarify the characteristics and long-term outcome of pediatric patients with AVM. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 805 consecutive brain AVM patients admitted to a single center between 1942 and 2014. The patients were defined as children if they were under 18 yr at admission. Children were compared to an adult cohort...
March 5, 2018: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467710/structural-covariance-network-of-cortical-gyrification-in-benign-childhood-epilepsy-with-centrotemporal-spikes
#7
Lin Jiang, Tijiang Zhang, Fajin Lv, Shiguang Li, Heng Liu, Zhiwei Zhang, Tianyou Luo
Benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) is associated with cognitive and language problems. According to recent studies, disruptions in brain structure and function in children with BECTS are beyond a Rolandic focus, suggesting atypical cortical development. However, previous studies utilizing surface-based metrics (e.g., cortical gyrification) and their structural covariance networks at high resolution in children with BECTS are limited. Twenty-six children with BECTS (15 males/11 females; 10...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462779/effects-of-vagus-nerve-stimulation-on-heart-rate-variability-in-children-with-epilepsy
#8
Tugba Hirfanoglu, Ayse Serdaroglu, Ilker Cetin, Gokhan Kurt, Irem Y Capraz, Filiz Ekici, Ebru Arhan, Erhan Bilir
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) on heart rate variability (HRV) in children with epilepsy. METHODS: The subgroups of HRV, namely time domain (Standard deviation of NN interval (SDNN), SDNN index, Standard deviation of the averages of NN intervals (SDANN), Root mean square of successive differences (RMMSD), Adjacent NN intervals differing by more than 50 ms in the entire recording divided by the total number of all NN intervals (PNN50), triangular index) and frequency domain (Low-frequency (LF), High-frequency (HF), LF/HF), were investigated in 20 pediatric patients before and after 6 and 12months of VNS treatment during day and night by comparing their data with those of 20 control subjects...
April 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460482/electrocorticographic-high-gamma-modulation-with-passive-listening-paradigm-for-pediatric-extraoperative-language-mapping
#9
Ravindra Arya, J Adam Wilson, Hisako Fujiwara, Jennifer Vannest, Anna W Byars, Leonid Rozhkov, James L Leach, Hansel M Greiner, Jason Buroker, Craig Scholle, Paul S Horn, Nathan E Crone, Douglas F Rose, Francesco T Mangano, Katherine D Holland
OBJECTIVE: This prospective study compared the topography of high-gamma modulation (HGM) during a story-listening task requiring negligible patient cooperation, with the conventional electrical stimulation mapping (ESM) using a picture-naming task, for presurgical language localization in pediatric drug-resistant epilepsy. METHODS: Patients undergoing extraoperative monitoring with subdural electrodes were included. Electrocorticographic signals were recorded during quiet baseline and a story-listening task...
February 20, 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450813/memory-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-epilepsy-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Samantha Joplin, Elizabeth Stewart, Michael Gascoigne, Suncica Lah
Memory failure is a common clinical concern of patients with epilepsy and is associated with significant functional impairments. Thus, memory rehabilitation is of critical clinical importance. In this article, we aimed to systematically evaluate the efficacy of memory rehabilitation in patients with epilepsy. The Preferred Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) was used to guide searches, extraction and reporting of data in this review. PsycINFO, Medline and PsychBITE searches yielded 95 studies...
March 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414546/unique-and-shared-areas-of-cognitive-function-in-children-with-intractable-frontal-or-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#11
Nicole Law, Elysa Widjaja, Mary Lou Smith
OBJECTIVE: Previous findings have been mixed in terms of identifying a distinct pattern of neuropsychological deficits in children with frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE) and in those with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). The current study investigated the neuropsychological similarities and differences across these two pediatric medically intractable localization-related epilepsies. METHOD: Thirty-eight children with FLE, 20 children with TLE, and 40 healthy children (HC) participated in this study...
January 25, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393811/treatment-of-medically-refractory-seizures-with-responsive-neurostimulation-2-pediatric-cases
#12
Malgosia A Kokoszka, Fedor Panov, Maite La Vega-Talbott, Patricia E McGoldrick, Steven M Wolf, Saadi Ghatan
The responsive neurostimulation (RNS) system, an adjunctive treatment for pharmacoresistant partial-onset seizures with 1 or 2 foci, has been available to patients aged 18 years or older since the device's FDA approval in 2013. Herein, the authors describe their off-label application of this technology in 2 pediatric patients and the consequent therapeutic benefit without surgical complications or treatment side effects. A 14-year-old nonambulatory, nonverbal male with severe developmental delay was considered for RNS therapy for medically and surgically refractory epilepsy with bilateral seizure onsets in the setting of a normal radiological examination and a known neuropathological diagnosis of type I cortical dysplasia...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367145/pre-ictal-heart-rate-changes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Elisa Bruno, Andrea Biondi, Mark P Richardson
PURPOSE: To estimate the incidence of pre-ictal heart rate (HR) manifestations and to identify clinical and study-related factors modulating the estimate. METHODS: We searched articles recording concurrent pre-ictal EEG and HR in adults and children with epilepsy. Pre-ictal HR changes were classified as HR reduction (HRR) or increase (HRI). Studies reporting the total number of seizures and the number of seizures with pre-ictal HR changes were included in a random-effects meta-analysis...
January 8, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352627/indications-and-limits-of-stereoelectroencephalography-seeg
#14
REVIEW
Lorella Minotti, Alexandra Montavont, Julia Scholly, Louise Tyvaert, Delphine Taussig
Epilepsy surgery is now an accepted treatment to achieve seizure control in carefully selected patients, both children and adults, suffering from drug-resistant focal epilepsy. Although surgical strategies can often be defined on the basis of non-invasive diagnostic procedures, and despite the recent advances in this field, an increasing number of more complex cases requires invasive EEG (iEEG) to provide precise information on the localization of the epileptogenic zone (EZ), its relationships with eloquent cortex (EC), and the feasibility of a tailored surgical resection...
February 2018: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305185/predictors-of-outcome-after-surgery-in-134-children-with-drug-resistant-tle
#15
Ashalatha Radhakrishnan, Ramshekhar Menon, Mathew Abraham, George Vilanilam, Suvasini Sharma, Bejoy Thomas, Chandrashekharan Kesavadas, Ajith Cherian, Raviprasad Varma, Sanjeev V Thomas
PURPOSE: To determine the factors predicting seizure outcome in children who underwent anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) for drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). METHODS: Among the 664 patients who underwent ATL for TLE from 1995 to 2008, there were 134 children. "Excellent" outcome in them was defined as seizure freedom during the entire follow-up (Engel class I a); "good outcome", if in remission last 2 years, and the rest as "unfavorable outcome"...
January 2018: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303866/pet-and-ictal-spect-can-be-helpful-for-localizing-epileptic-foci
#16
Tim J von Oertzen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Functional neuroimaging with PET and SPECT is a commonly used tool in presurgical evaluation. The following article reviews the literature of PET and SPECT in presurgical assessment of epilepsies published in the last year. RECENT FINDINGS: FDG-PET adds concomitant information in temporal and extratemporal lobe epilepsy in adults and children. The pattern of hypometabolism in FDG-PET is a good additional predictor or seizure outcome in TLE with mesial temporal sclerosis or negative MRI...
April 2018: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274110/metabolic-correlates-of-cognitive-function-in-children-with-unilateral-sturge-weber-syndrome-evidence-for-regional-functional-reorganization-and-crowding
#17
Jeong-A Kim, Jeong-Won Jeong, Michael E Behen, Vinod K Pilli, Aimee Luat, Harry T Chugani, Csaba Juhász
To evaluate metabolic changes in the ipsi- and contralateral hemisphere in children showing a cognitive profile consistent with early reorganization of cognitive function, we evaluated the regional glucose uptake, interhemispheric metabolic connectivity, and cognitive function in children with unilateral SWS. Interictal 2-deoxy-2[18 F]fluoro-D-glucose (FDG)-PET scans of 27 children with unilateral SWS and mild epilepsy and 27 age-matched control (non-SWS children with epilepsy and normal FDG-PET) were compared using statistical parametric mapping (SPM)...
April 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223007/examining-health-service-utilization-hospital-treatment-cost-and-mortality-of-individuals-with-epilepsy-and-status-epilepticus-in-new-south-wales-australia-2012-2016
#18
Rebecca J Mitchell, Geoffrey Herkes, Armin Nikpour, Andrew Bleasel, Patti Shih, Sanjyot Vagholkar, Frances Rapport
This study examined the health service utilization and hospital treatment cost of individuals with epilepsy by age group, mortality within 30days, and surgical outcomes for individuals with refractory epilepsy in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. A retrospective examination of linked hospitalization and mortality data for individuals hospitalized with a diagnosis of epilepsy during 2012-2016. Hospitalized incidence rates per 1000 population were calculated, and negative binomial regression was used to examine temporal trends...
February 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221514/yield-of-brain-mri-in-clinically-diagnosed-epilepsy-in-the-kingdom-of-bhutan-a-prospective-study
#19
Veronica Bruno, Joshua P Klein, Dechen Nidup, Damber K Nirola, Lhab Tshering, Sonam Deki, Sarah J Clark, Kristin A Linn, Russell T Shinohara, Chencho Dorji, Dili Ram Pokhrel, Ugyen Dema, Farrah J Mateen
BACKGROUND: People with epilepsy (PWE) in low- and middle-income countries may not access the health resources that are considered optimal for epilepsy diagnosis. The diagnostic yield of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has not been well studied in these settings. OBJECTIVES: To report the diagnostic yield of brain MRI and identify clinical associations of abnormal MRI findings among PWE in a neurocysticercosis-endemic, resource-limited setting and to identify the proportion and putative structural brain causes of drug-resistant epilepsy...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069555/histopathological-findings-in-brain-tissue-obtained-during-epilepsy-surgery
#20
Ingmar Blumcke, Roberto Spreafico, Gerrit Haaker, Roland Coras, Katja Kobow, Christian G Bien, Margarete Pfäfflin, Christian Elger, Guido Widman, Johannes Schramm, Albert Becker, Kees P Braun, Frans Leijten, Johannes C Baayen, Eleonora Aronica, Francine Chassoux, Hajo Hamer, Hermann Stefan, Karl Rössler, Maria Thom, Matthew C Walker, Sanjay M Sisodiya, John S Duncan, Andrew W McEvoy, Tom Pieper, Hans Holthausen, Manfred Kudernatsch, H Joachim Meencke, Philippe Kahane, Andreas Schulze-Bonhage, Josef Zentner, Dieter H Heiland, Horst Urbach, Bernhard J Steinhoff, Thomas Bast, Laura Tassi, Giorgio Lo Russo, Cigdem Özkara, Buge Oz, Pavel Krsek, Silke Vogelgesang, Uwe Runge, Holger Lerche, Yvonne Weber, Mrinalini Honavar, José Pimentel, Alexis Arzimanoglou, Adriana Ulate-Campos, Soheyl Noachtar, Elisabeth Hartl, Olaf Schijns, Renzo Guerrini, Carmen Barba, Thomas S Jacques, J Helen Cross, Martha Feucht, Angelika Mühlebner, Thomas Grunwald, Eugen Trinka, Peter A Winkler, Antonio Gil-Nagel, Rafael Toledano Delgado, Thomas Mayer, Martin Lutz, Basilios Zountsas, Kyriakos Garganis, Felix Rosenow, Anke Hermsen, Tim J von Oertzen, Thomas L Diepgen, Giuliano Avanzini
BACKGROUND: Detailed neuropathological information on the structural brain lesions underlying seizures is valuable for understanding drug-resistant focal epilepsy. METHODS: We report the diagnoses made on the basis of resected brain specimens from 9523 patients who underwent epilepsy surgery for drug-resistant seizures in 36 centers from 12 European countries over 25 years. Histopathological diagnoses were determined through examination of the specimens in local hospitals (41%) or at the German Neuropathology Reference Center for Epilepsy Surgery (59%)...
October 26, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
keyword
keyword
119265
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"