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Giovanna Coriale, Daniela Fiorentino, Francesca De Rosa, Simona Solombrino, Bruna Scalese, Rosaria Ciccarelli, Fabio Attilia, Mario Vitali, Alessia Musetti, Marco Fiore, Mauro Ceccanti
RIASSUNTO. L'elaborazione del piano di trattamento rappresenta un momento molto delicato e complesso del processo terapeutico del disturbo da abuso di alcol (DUA). È la fase in cui le informazioni raccolte da un'équipe di professionisti (medici, psicologi e assistenti sociali) (modello bio-psico-sociale del DUA) vengono messe insieme per decidere il percorso terapeutico più adatto. Per quanto riguarda la parte psicologica, è di notevole importanza scegliere un trattamento clinico in grado di ridurre al minimo la mancata adesione al trattamento e, per i soggetti che rimangono in trattamento, di garantirne l'efficacia...
May 2018: Rivista di Psichiatria
Vittorio Lingiardi, Nicola Nardelli, Jack Drescher
Although homosexuality was depathologized in the last century and the majority of mental health professionals consider it to be a normal variant of human sexuality, some psychologists and psychiatrists still have negative attitudes toward lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) clients. Sometimes they provide interventions aimed at changing sexual orientation through 'reparative' or 'conversion' therapies. At other times their interventions are influenced by anti-gay prejudices or simply by lack of knowledge about sexual minorities...
2015: International Review of Psychiatry
Carmen Peñas Raigoso, Raquel Varga del Hoyo, Gloria Blanco Arrien, Ma Jesus Díez Sanz
Scars due to burns cause important aesthetic and functional squeal, causing psicologic disorders that can limit personal and social relationships of these patients. In this article we review the type of scars, the factors influencing its function, its characteristics, and we update the different options to prevent and treat pathologic scars in these patients. The text concludes with an exhibition of camouflage techniques of scars through make-up.
February 2014: Revista de Enfermería
Simone da Nóbrega Tomaz Moreira, Franklin de Freitas Tertulino, Cleyton Amaral Nogueira e Silva, Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli da Costa Oliveira, Geraldez Tomaz, George Dantas de Azevedo
PURPOSE: To assess the frequency of stress and anxiety levels in infertile women, and to correlate these aspects with risk factors, in order to obtain data for specific psychological guidance. METHODS: The case-control study included a total of 302 women, 152 being infertile (case group: 30.3 +/- 5.4 years), and 150 non-fertile (control group: 25.7 +/- 7.9 years). The quantitative approach involved the application of Lipp's Stress Symptoms Inventory and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory...
2005: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
Ricardo Werner Sebastiani, Eulália Maria Chaves Maia
PURPOSE: The present article show some contributions to the Health Psychology at the chirurgical patient attention, with the interdisciplinary intervention propose, under the biopsychosocial paradigm. METHODS/RESULTS: Show some points about the relationships above the chirurgeon, health team and patient and presents some psychological and psychopathologic answers to the patient under the trinomial illness-hospitalization-care in the period a long the diagnosis and chirurgical indication at the rehabilitation proceedings...
2005: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
J M Argilés, S Busquets, F J López-Soriano, M Figueras
The regulation of food intake is mediated by different psicological, gastrointestinal metabolic, nutritional and endocrine mechanisms. The cancer patient suffers from anorexia which results in early saciety and a reduction of appetite. Sometimes, the causes of the anorectic response are derived from the antitumoral treatment (chemotherapy, radiotherapy or immunotherapy), in some cases vomiting resulting in altered food intake. Alterations in the food taste and smell perception in addition to psychological dearrangements might also lead to the anorexia...
May 2006: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
M A Nieto García, L Abdel-Kader Martín, M M Rosado Martín, A Carriazo Pérez de Guzmán, J L Arias Jiménez
OBJECTIVE: To asses the knowledge and attitude about smoking habit of in-patients in order to detect the sanitary activities that could help to decrease the prevalence of smoking. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional observational study of random sample (n=395) of in-patients of University Hospital Virgen Macarean, Seville, Spain. Participation rate was 89% (n=350) and the interviewer-administered questionnaire was completed with epidemiological and clinical additional data...
July 2003: Anales de Medicina Interna: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Medicina Interna
Jose Manuel Cózar Olmo, Antonio Martínez Morcillo, Javier Vicente Prados, Miguel Tallada Buñuel, Eduardo Espejo Maldonado
OBJECTIVES: Interstitial cystitis is a nosological entity of which many etiological, diagnostic and therapeutic features were unknown until recently, so that we had the objective to review new knowledge acquired during the last decade to offer an update in the disease. METHODS: A bibliographic review on interstitial cystitis is performed with special interest in national and international authors who have experience and large case series. RESULTS: Among the multiple etiopathogenical theories proposed in the past, the hypothesis to be highlighted, that is gaining strength, is the altered bladder urothelium permeability or hemato-urinary barrier alteration, with the aggression of toxic substances contained in urine in high concentrations like potassium...
November 2002: Archivos Españoles de Urología
A F Alberti
After an introduction on the various factors involved in food habits of humans, the A. is calling the attention on the importance of nutrition education, examining then some of the programs in use. Already in the maternal school the child can learn nutrition with applicative plays. It is compulsory to teach and follow also the in parents. For the compulsory school the nutrition should be taught as such or integrated in other courses as geography, history, mathematics and science. For adults the deep-seated food habits are making more difficult the educational programs...
September 1975: S & TA & NU. Rivista di Scienza e Tecnologia Degli Alimenti e di Nutrizione Umana
A S Llanes
Comparative study of a dissociative experience of the bodily scheme lived in a group relaxing session (R.A.T.) comparable to certain somatic pains found in a schizophrenic situation. Such psychopathological experiences, usually considered by doctors as in themselves averse and without meaning, can be transferred from the emotive level to the rational level using the "Ontoanalytic" method and in this way be a valid contribution to the psicological formation of the doctors in as much as a more syntonic, human and staisfying doctor-patient relationship ensues, as Balint indicated...
January 27, 1975: Minerva Medica
D L Vargas
Epidemiological survey and microscopical diagnosis point out that toxoplasmosis is a cosmopolitan infection usually with percentages of positivity higher than 20 per cent. Even in places with prosperous economical conditions the human infections can be relatively high due to the habit of eating raw meat or not properly exposed to temperatures lethal to Toxoplasma gondii. But sometimes they can be explained by cultural patterns or to individual psicological factors in relation to cats, the definitive hosts and important sources of parasites...
September 1977: La Prensa Médica Mexicana
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