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Environmental Pollution

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728119/nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-mediated-inflammation-correlates-with-calcium-overload-under-arsenic-trioxide-induced-myocardial-damage-in-gallus-gallus
#1
Siwen Li, Yu Wang, Hongjing Zhao, Ying He, Jinglun Li, Guangshun Jiang, Mingwei Xing
Arsenic is a known environmental pollutant and highly hazardous toxin to human health. Due to the biological accumulation, arsenic produces a variety of cardiovascular diseases. However, the exact mechanism is still unclear. Here, our objective was to evaluate myocardial damage and determine the potential mechanism under arsenic exposure in chickens. Arsenic trioxide (As2O3) (1.25 mg/kg BW, corresponding 15 mg/kg feed) was administered as basal diet to male Hy-line chickens (one-day-old) for 4, 8 and 12 weeks...
July 14, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728110/development-of-a-bioanalytical-test-battery-for-water-quality-monitoring-fingerprinting-identified-micropollutants-and-their-contribution-to-effects-in-surface-water
#2
Peta A Neale, Rolf Altenburger, Selim Aït-Aïssa, François Brion, Wibke Busch, Gisela de Aragão Umbuzeiro, Michael S Denison, David Du Pasquier, Klára Hilscherová, Henner Hollert, Daniel A Morales, Jiří Novák, Rita Schlichting, Thomas-Benjamin Seiler, Helene Serra, Ying Shao, Andrew J Tindall, Knut Erik Tollefsen, Timothy D Williams, Beate I Escher
Surface waters can contain a diverse range of organic pollutants, including pesticides, pharmaceuticals and industrial compounds. While bioassays have been used for water quality monitoring, there is limited knowledge regarding the effects of individual micropollutants and their relationship to the overall mixture effect in water samples. In this study, a battery of in vitro bioassays based on human and fish cell lines and whole organism assays using bacteria, algae, daphnids and fish embryos was assembled for use in water quality monitoring...
July 9, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726854/erratum-the-gut-microbiota-a-major-player-in-the-toxicity-of-environmental-pollutants
#3
Sandrine P Claus, Hervé Guillou, Sandrine Ellero-Simatos
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/npjbiofilms.2016.3.].
2017: NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726713/a-comprehensive-study-on-adsorption-behavior-of-some-azo-dyes-from-aqueous-solution-onto-different-adsorbents
#4
Nihan Kaya
One of the major environmental problems is the existence of dye materials in water sources. This pollutant must be removed from water by appropriate methods. Although most of these methods are efficient for the treatment of waters contaminated with dye pollutants, they are very costly and commercially unattractive. Adsorption is one of the most popular methods for the removal of dye pollutants from water especially if the sorbent is inexpensive. Sorbents are classified as natural sorbents, commercial sorbents, and the sorbents obtained from industrial and agricultural wastes...
July 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726174/comparative-study-of-the-effects-of-a-small-scale-trout-farm-on-the-macrozoobenthos-potamoplankton-and-epilithic-diatom-communities
#5
K Stojanović, M Živić, Z Dulić, Z Marković, J Krizmanić, Dj Milošević, B Miljanović, J Jovanović, D Vidaković, I Živić
Trout farms are one of the major sources of pollution of highland streams and rivers, which are very sensitive ecosystems otherwise scarcely influenced by human activities. A trout farm with low annual production was chosen for comparative monitoring of its effects on the macrozoobenthos, epilithic diatom, and potamoplankton communities in the receiving stream. Research was conducted every 2 months during a period of 1 year (one control point and three localities downstream from the farm). The fish farm discharge induced moderate alteration of environmental factors in the receiving watercourse, viz...
August 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725443/associations-of-short-term-exposure-to-air-pollution-with-respiratory-hospital-admissions-in-arak-iran
#6
Mostafa Vahedian, Narges Khanjani, Moghaddameh Mirzaee, Ali Koolivand
BACKGROUND: Ambient air pollution, is one of the most frequently stated environmental problems. Many epidemiological studies have documented adverse health effects for ambient air pollution. This study aimed to investigate the association between ambient air pollution and respiratory hospital admissions. METHODS: In this ecological time series study data about air pollutant concentrations including CO, NO2, O3, PM2.5, PM10 and SO2 and, respiratory hospital admissions in the urban population of Arak, from January 1st 2010 to December 31st 2015; were inquired, from the Arak Department of Environment, and two major hospitals, respectively...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724247/persistent-organic-pollutants-and-risk-of-diabetes-and-obesity-on-healthy-adults-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study-in-spain
#7
Luis Alberto Henríquez-Hernández, Octavio P Luzardo, Pilar F Valerón, Manuel Zumbado, Lluis Serra-Majem, María Camacho, Ana González-Antuña, Luis D Boada
Environmental exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) has been reported to be relevant in the population of the Canary Islands (Spain), especially that of organochlorine pesticides. On the other hand, the population of this archipelago presents a high prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D), and it has been recently reported that environmental chemical contamination could play a role in the development of this disease. We performed a cross-sectional study in a representative sample from this archipelago to evaluate whether serum levels of selected POPs could be considered as risk factors for diabetes in this population...
July 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724220/influence-of-temperature-in-pollution-induced-community-tolerance-approaches-used-to-assess-effects-of-copper-on-freshwater-phototrophic-periphyton
#8
Anne Sophie Lambert, Aymeric Dabrin, Arnaud Foulquier, Soizic Morin, Christophe Rosy, Marina Coquery, Stéphane Pesce
By measuring levels of tolerance to toxicants in microbial communities using functional toxicity tests under controlled conditions, pollution-induced community tolerance (PICT) approaches offer an effect-based tool to assess the ecological risk of chemicals in aquatic systems. However, induced tolerance of exposed microbial communities cannot always be attributed solely to the presence of toxicants as various environmental factors, such as temperature, can also be involved. Several PICT studies have been conducted to assess the effects of copper (Cu) on phototrophic periphyton, but little is known about the influence of temperature on the response of these microbial communities to acute and chronic exposure to Cu...
July 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724091/effect-of-environmental-conditions-on-the-degradation-of-florasulam-in-typical-soils-of-northern-china
#9
Wangcang Su, Hongle Xu, Hongdan Hao, Renhai Wu, Hengliang Wang, Chuantao Lu
The widespread use of florasulam in China makes residues from this herbicide in soil a serious concern due to their potential to pollute the soil environment and groundwater. Accelerating the degradation of these residues will reduce their pollution potential. In this study, we investigated the degradation and adsorption of florasulam in four typical soils in northern China and examined the degradation of florasulam in Inceptisols at different temperatures, soil moisture contents, and pH values, as well as the influence of microorganisms and the use of organic matter and biogas slurry as soil amendments...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723202/structure-guided-design-of-protein-biosensors-for-phenolic-pollutants
#10
Shamayeeta Ray, Santosh Panjikar, Ruchi Anand
Phenolic aromatic compounds are a major source of environmental pollution. Currently there are no in situ methods for specifically and selectively detecting these pollutants. Here, we exploit the nature's biosensory machinery by employing Acinetobacter calcoaceticus NCIB8250 protein, MopR, as a model system to develop biosensors for selective detection of a spectrum of these pollutants. The X-ray structure of the sensor domain of MopR was used as a scaffold for logic-based tunable biosensor design. By employing a combination of in silico structure guided approaches, mutagenesis and isothermal calorimetric studies, we were able to generate biosensor templates, that can selectively and specifically sense harmful compounds like chlorophenols, cresols, catechol, and xylenols...
March 24, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723166/automated-3-d-printed-arrays-to-evaluate-genotoxic-chemistry-e-cigarettes-and-water-samples
#11
Karteek Kadimisetty, Spundana Malla, James F Rusling
A novel, automated, low cost, three-dimensional (3-D) printed microfluidic array was developed to detect DNA damage from metabolites of chemicals in environmental samples. The electrochemiluminescent (ECL) detection platform incorporates layer-by-layer (LbL) assembled films of microsomal enzymes, DNA and an ECL-emitting ruthenium metallopolymer in ∼10 nm deep microwells. Liquid samples are introduced into the array, metabolized by the human enzymes, products react with DNA if possible, and DNA damage is detected by ECL with a camera...
May 26, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723120/graphene-oxide-nanoprisms-for-sensitive-detection-of-environmentally-important-aromatic-compounds-with-sers
#12
Peter V Shanta, Quan Cheng
Recent advances in graphene-based sensors have shown that heavily oxidized (GO) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) are attractive materials for environmental sensing due to their unique chemical and physical properties. We describe here the fabrication of nanostructured GO assemblies with Ag nanoprisms for improved detection with surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). Specifically, 100-μm-sized, periodic-nanoprism-array domains were fabricated on top of the GO layers by GO-assisted lithography (GOAL). The atomically thin GO underlayers are shown to attract cyclic aromatic molecules to the surface, likely via π-π stacking interactions...
June 23, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723108/oral-exposure-of-silver-nanoparticles-or-silver-ions-may-aggravate-fatty-liver-disease-in-overweight-mice
#13
Jianbo Jia, Feifei Li, Hongyu Zhou, Yuhong Bai, Sijin Liu, Yiguo Jiang, Guibin Jiang, Bing Yan
As the applications and environmental release of silver ions and nanoparticles are increasing, growing human exposures to these pollutants have become an emerging health concerns. The impeding effects of such pollutants on susceptible populations are severely under-studied. Here, we demonstrate that Ag NPs, at a dose that causes no general toxicity in normal mice, promote the progression of fatty liver disease from steatosis to steatohepatitis only in overweight mice. Exposure to Ag+ ions induces the same effects in overweight mice...
July 19, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719870/effects-of-endocrine-disrupting-chemicals-on-estrogen-receptor-alpha-and-heat-shock-protein-60-gene-expression-in-primary-cultures-of-loggerhead-sea-turtle-caretta-caretta-erythrocytes
#14
Paolo Cocci, Martina Capriotti, Gilberto Mosconi, Francesco Alessandro Palermo
The loggerhead turtle (Caretta caretta) can be considered a good indicator species for studying the ecological impact of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) on wildlife. However, the effect of these environmental pollutants on nuclear steroid hormone signaling has not yet been addressed in sea turtles mainly due to the legal constraints of their endangered status. Here we describe the use of primary erythrocyte cell cultures as in vitro models for evaluating the effects of different EDCs on the expression of estrogen receptor α (ERα)...
July 15, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719840/environmental-and-human-health-challenges-of-industrial-livestock-and-poultry-farming-in-china-and-their-mitigation
#15
REVIEW
Yuanan Hu, Hefa Cheng, Shu Tao
Driven by the growing demand for food products of animal origin, industrial livestock and poultry production has become increasingly popular and is on the track of becoming an important source of environmental pollution in China. Although concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) have higher production efficiency and profitability with less resource consumption compared to the traditional family-based and "free range" farming, they bring significant environmental pollution concerns and pose public health risks...
July 15, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716727/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-links-autism-and-toxic-metals-and-highlights-the-impact-of-country-development-status-higher-blood-and-erythrocyte-levels-for-mercury-and-lead-and-higher-hair-antimony-cadmium-lead-and-mercury
#16
REVIEW
Amene Saghazadeh, Nima Rezaei
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorder that affects cognitive and higher cognitive functions. Increasing prevalence of ASD and high rates of related comorbidities has caused serious health loss and placed an onerous burden on the supporting families, caregivers, and health care services. Heavy metals are among environmental factors that may contribute to ASD. However, due to inconsistencies across studies, it is still hard to explain the association between ASD and toxic metals...
July 14, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716629/characterization-of-novel-bacillus-strain-n31-from-mariculture-water-capable-of-halophilic-heterotrophic-nitrification-aerobic-denitrification
#17
Fei Huang, Luqing Pan, Na Lv, Xianming Tang
The development of an intensive aquaculture industry has been accompanied by increasing environmental impacts, especially nitrogen pollution. In this study, a novel halophilic bacterium capable of heterotrophic nitrification and aerobic denitrification was isolated from mariculture water and identified as Bacillus litoralis N31. The efficiency of ammonium, nitrite and nitrate removal by N31 were 86.3%, 89.3% and 89.4%, respectively, after a 48-h cultivation in sole N-source medium with initial nitrogen approximately 20 mg/L...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715769/high-throughput-profiling-and-analysis-of-antibiotic-resistance-genes-in-east-tiaoxi-river-china
#18
Ji Zheng, Ruixia Gao, Yuanyuan Wei, Tao Chen, Jiqing Fan, Zhenchao Zhou, Tiimub Benjamin Makimilua, Yanan Jiao, Hong Chen
The rapid human activities and urbanization exacerbate the human health risks induced by antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs). In this study, the profiling of ARGs was investigated using high-throughput qPCR from water samples of 13 catchment areas in East Tiaoxi River, China. High prevalence of ARGs indicated significant antibiotic resistance pollution in the research area (absolute abundance: 6.1 × 10(8)-2.1 × 10(10) copies/L; relative abundance: 0.033-0.158 copies/cell). Conventional water qualities (COD, TN, TP, NH3-N), bacterial communities and mobile gene elements (MGEs) were detected and analyzed as factors of ARGs shift...
July 14, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715763/quantification-of-the-limitation-of-langmuir-model-used-in-adsorption-research-on-sediments-via-site-energy-heterogeneity
#19
Qiang Jin, Limin Huang, Aimin Li, Aidang Shan
The Langmuir model has been extensively introduced into the field of environmental adsorption, while some studies showed that it was difficult for the model to describe the adsorption of sediments. The purpose of this paper is to recognize the applicability of the Langmuir model used in the adsorption of contaminants onto sediments quantitatively through the relationship between the error of Langmuir (δ) and site energy heterogeneity (σ). The formula for calculating δ in sediments was developed based on the heterogeneity parameters (m, n)...
July 14, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715756/the-occurrence-and-spatial-temporal-distribution-of-tetrabromobisphenol-a-in-the-coastal-intertidal-zone-of-qingdao-in-china-with-a-focus-on-toxicity-assessment-by-biological-monitoring
#20
Wen-Jing Gong, Li-Yan Zhu, Tian-Tian Jiang, Cui Han
Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) is a widely used flame retardant that has increasingly been found as contaminant in aquatic environments. The main goal of this study was to evaluate the pollution level of TBBPA at six locations around Qingdao and assess its biotoxicity through a two-generation toxicity study looking at a copepod species. In the chemical monitoring, the concentration of TBBPA in seawater samples ranged from nd to 1.8 μg/L. Next, the biological indicator monitoring used 1.8 μg/L as the middle exposure concentration to perform quantitative evaluations of the influence of TBBPA on the demographic traits of Pseudodiaptomus inopinus...
July 10, 2017: Chemosphere
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