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Journal of Environmental Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753210/biogeography-and-organic-matter-removal-shape-long-term-effects-of-timber-harvesting-on-forest-soil-microbial-communities
#1
Roland C Wilhelm, Erick Cardenas, Kendra R Maas, Hilary Leung, Larisa McNeil, Shannon Berch, William Chapman, Graeme Hope, J M Kranabetter, Stephane Dubé, Matt Busse, Robert Fleming, Paul Hazlett, Kara L Webster, David Morris, D Andrew Scott, William W Mohn
The growing demand for renewable, carbon-neutral materials and energy is leading to intensified forest land-use. The long-term ecological challenges associated with maintaining soil fertility in managed forests are not yet known, in part due to the complexity of soil microbial communities and the heterogeneity of forest soils. This study determined the long-term effects of timber harvesting, accompanied by varied organic matter (OM) removal, on bacterial and fungal soil populations in 11- to 17-year-old reforested coniferous plantations at 18 sites across North America...
July 28, 2017: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686557/the-biopsychosocial-model-40-years-of-application-in-psychiatry
#2
G Papadimitriou
In 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "TheIn 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "Theneed for a new medical model: A challenge for biomedicine", introducing the term Biopsychosocial Model. This model basedon the results of Engel's studies in ulcerative colitis, depression and psychogenic pain, constituted a challenge for biomedicineand the biomedical model...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680367/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-malaria-interventions-using-disability-adjusted-life-years-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Resign Gunda, Moses John Chimbari
BACKGROUND: Malaria continues to be a public health problem despite past and on-going control efforts. For sustenance of control efforts to achieve the malaria elimination goal, it is important that the most cost-effective interventions are employed. This paper reviews studies on cost-effectiveness of malaria interventions using disability-adjusted life years. METHODS: A review of literature was conducted through a literature search of international peer-reviewed journals as well as grey literature...
2017: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657887/lessons-from-the-environmental-antibiotic-resistome
#4
Matthew Surette, Gerard D Wright
Antibiotic resistance is a global public health issue of growing proportions. All antibiotics are susceptible to resistance. The evidence is now clear that the environment is the single largest source and reservoir of resistance. Soil, aquatic, atmospheric, animal- associated, and built ecosystems are home to microbes that harbor antibiotic resistance elements and the means to mobilize them. The diversity and abundance of resistance in the environment is consistent with the ancient origins of antibiotics and a variety of studies support a long natural history of associated resistance...
June 28, 2017: Annual Review of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546900/response-to-kruse-plass-et-al-2017-regarding-the-risk-to-non-target-lepidopteran-larvae-exposed-to-pollen-from-one-or-more-of-three-bt-maize-events-mon810-bt11-and-1507
#5
Joe N Perry, Paolo Barberi, Detlef Bartsch, A N E Birch, Achim Gathmann, Jozsef Kiss, Barbara Manachini, Marco Nuti, Stefan Rauschen, Joachim Schiemann, Mechthild Schuppener, Jeremy Sweet, Christoph C Tebbe, Fabio Veronesi
We respond to the paper of Kruse-Plass et al. (Environ Sci Eur 29:12, 2017), published in this journal, regarding the risk to non-target lepidopteran larvae exposed to pollen from one or more of three Bt maize events (MON810, Bt11 and 1507). We emphasise that what is important for environmental risk assessment is not the number of pollen grains per se, but the degree of exposure of a NT lepidopteran larva to Bt protein contained in maize pollen. The main text of this response deals with general issues which Kruse-Plass et al...
2017: Environmental Sciences Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375727/self-regulation-and-psychopathology-toward-an-integrative-translational-research-paradigm
#6
Timothy J Strauman
This article presents a general framework in which different manifestations of psychopathology can be conceptualized as dysfunctions in one or more mechanisms of self-regulation, defined as the ongoing process of managing personal goal pursuit in the face of internal, interpersonal, and environmental forces that would derail it. The framework is based on the assertion that self-regulation is a critical locus for the proximal influence on motivation, cognition, emotion, and behavior of more distal factors such as genetics, temperament, socialization history, and neurophysiology...
May 8, 2017: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343769/response-to-collating-science-based-evidence-to-inform-public-opinion-on-the-environmental-effects-of-marine-drilling-platforms-in-the-mediterranean-sea
#7
Neal R Haddaway
In their recent review article, Mangano and Será (Journal of Environmental Management, 188:195-202) collate and describe the evidence base relating to the impacts of marine drilling platforms in the Mediterranean. The authors claim to have undertaken a systematic map using the Guidelines for Systematic Review in Environmental Management produced by the Collaboration for Environmental Evidence (CEE) as a basis for their methods. Here, I highlight major problems with their methods and the reporting of their activities...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342997/the-author-s-reply-to-n-r-haddaway
#8
M Cristina Mangano, G Sarà
In this reply we respond to the commentary of Dr. Haddaway addressed in searching for pitfalls in our systematic mapping exercise "Collating science-based evidence to inform public opinion on the environmental effects of marine drilling platforms in the Mediterranean Sea" recently published in Journal of Environmental Management (Mangano, M.C. and Sarà, G. 2017. Journal of Environmental Management 188: 195-202). We discussed each so called "pitfalls" and, in our opinion, the main cornerstones of systematic map - SM (repeatability, comprehensiveness, transparency, traceability, quality, generalizability) are safe guaranteeing the "gold standard" required by this technique...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331779/reply-to-the-efsa-2016-on-the-relevance-of-recent-publications-hofmann-et-al-2014-2016-on-environmental-risk-assessment-and-management-of-bt-maize-events-mon810-bt11-and-1507
#9
EDITORIAL
Maren Kruse-Plass, Frieder Hofmann, Ulrike Kuhn, Mathias Otto, Ulrich Schlechtriemen, Boris Schröder, Rudolf Vögel, Werner Wosniok
In this commentary, we respond to a report of the EFSA GMO Panel (EFSA EFSA Supp Publ, 1) that criticises the outcomes of two studies published in this journal (Hofmann et al. Environ Sci Eur 26: 24, 2; Environ Sci Eur 28: 14, 3). Both publications relate to the environmental risk assessment and management of Bt-maize, including maize events MON810, Bt11 and maize 1507. The results of Hofmann et al. (Environ Sci Eur 26: 24, 2), using standardised pollen mass filter deposition measurements, indicated that the EFSA Panel model had underestimated pollen deposition and, hence, exposure of non-target organisms to Bt-maize pollen...
2017: Environmental Sciences Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278033/status-of-waste-tyres-and-management-practice-in-botswana
#10
Daniel Mmereki, Bontle Machola, Kentlafetse Mokokwe
Waste tyres (WTs) are becoming a significant environmental, economical and technological challenge due to their high contents of combustible composition and potential for valuable materials and energy resources. Fewer studies in developing and even developed countries have been carried out to assess the challenges regarding waste tyres management, and suggested the best alternative solutions for managing this waste stream. While developed countries made progress in waste tyres management needs by implementing more efficient innovative recovery and recycling methods, and restrictive regulations regarding the management of used tyres, in many developing countries the management of waste tyres has not received adequate interest, and the processing, treatment and disposal of waste tyre is still nascent...
February 22, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111405/heat-stress-intervention-research-in-construction-gaps-and-recommendations
#11
Yang Yang, Albert Ping-Chuen Chan
Developing heat stress interventions for construction workers has received mounting concerns in recent years. However, limited efforts have been exerted to elaborate the rationale, methodology, and practicality of heat stress intervention in the construction industry. This study aims to review previous heat stress intervention research in construction, to identify the major research gaps in methodological issues, and to offer detailed recommendations for future studies. A total of 35 peer-reviewed journal papers have been identified to develop administrative, environmental or personal engineering interventions to safeguard construction workers...
June 8, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068485/obesity-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-burden-drivers-and-emerging-challenges
#12
Nicole D Ford, Shivani A Patel, K M Venkat Narayan
We have reviewed the distinctive features of excess weight, its causes, and related prevention and management efforts, as well as data gaps and recommendations for future research in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Obesity is rising in every region of the world, and no country has been successful at reversing the epidemic once it has begun. In LMICs, overweight is higher in women compared with men, in urban compared with rural settings, and in older compared with younger individuals; however, the urban-rural overweight differential is shrinking in many countries...
March 20, 2017: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869977/methods-and-procedures-used-in-aedes-aegypti-control-in-the-successful-campaign-for-yellow-fever-prophylaxis-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil-in-1928-and-1929
#13
Eduardo Dias Wermelinger, Raimundo Wilson de Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: to review the challenges and procedures used in Aedes aegypti control and the characteristics of the epidemics in the successful campaign, led by Clementino Fraga, for yellow fever control in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1928 and 1929, before the vaccine (1937) and DDT (1947). METHODS: a literature review was conducted by searching official reports, scientific journals and historic textbooks on this subject. RESULTS: the A. aegypti control was achieved through the hard and organized work of breeding site police teams, priority in eliminating breeding sites through environmental management measures and a qualified training program for the teams...
October 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860525/emerging-themes-in-our-understanding-of-species-displacements
#14
Yulin Gao, Stuart R Reitz
The displacement of a species from a habitat by actions of another is the most severe outcome of interspecific interactions. This review focuses on recent developments in the understanding of (a) ecological mechanisms that lead to displacements, (b) how outcomes of interspecific interactions are affected by the context of where and when they occur, and (c) impacts of displacements. Displacements are likely to escalate as their primary initiating factors-the spread of non-native species and environmental change-continue at unprecedented rates...
January 31, 2017: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859279/environmental-impacts-in-the-life-cycle-of-olive-oil-a-literature-review
#15
REVIEW
Georgios Banias, Charisios Achillas, Christos Vlachokostas, Nicolas Moussiopoulos, Maria Stefanou
The production of olive oil is considered to be one of the largest agricultural business sectors in the Mediterranean area. Apart from its significant impact on the economies of countries in Southern Europe, Northern Africa and Middle East, olive oil production also involves considerable social and environmental considerations. However, despite such importance, the environmental effects of olive oil production have not been studied as much other agricultural productions and farming systems, which are more characteristic of central and northern Europe...
November 18, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814027/harnessing-big-data-for-systems-pharmacology
#16
Lei Xie, Eli J Draizen, Philip E Bourne
Systems pharmacology aims to holistically understand mechanisms of drug actions to support drug discovery and clinical practice. Systems pharmacology modeling (SPM) is data driven. It integrates an exponentially growing amount of data at multiple scales (genetic, molecular, cellular, organismal, and environmental). The goal of SPM is to develop mechanistic or predictive multiscale models that are interpretable and actionable. The current explosions in genomics and other omics data, as well as the tremendous advances in big data technologies, have already enabled biologists to generate novel hypotheses and gain new knowledge through computational models of genome-wide, heterogeneous, and dynamic data sets...
January 6, 2017: Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711931/managing-challenging-behaviors-of-dementia-in-veterans-identifying-and-changing-activators-and-consequences-using-star-va
#17
Kim J Curyto, Sue M McCurry, Katherine Luci, Bradley E Karlin, Linda Teri, Michele J Karel
HOW TO OBTAIN CONTACT HOURS BY READING THIS ARTICLE INSTRUCTIONS 1.3 contact hours will be awarded by Villanova University College of Nursing upon successful completion of this activity. A contact hour is a unit of measurement that denotes 60 minutes of an organized learning activity. This is a learner-based activity. Villanova University College of Nursing does not require submission of your answers to the quiz. A contact hour certificate will be awarded once you register, pay the registration fee, and complete the evaluation form online at http://goo...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704556/chemistry-to-conservation-using-otoliths-to-advance-recreational-and-commercial-fisheries-management
#18
EDITORIAL
A K Carlson, Q E Phelps, B D S Graeb
Otolith chemistry is an effective technique for evaluating fish environmental history, but its utility in fisheries management has not been comprehensively examined. Thus, a review of otolith chemistry with emphasis on management applicability is presented. More than 1500 otolith chemistry manuscripts published from 1967 to 2015 are reviewed and descriptive case studies are used to illustrate the utility of otolith chemistry as a fisheries management tool. Otolith chemistry publications span a wide variety of topics (e...
February 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695479/global-environmental-change-local-perceptions-understandings-and-explanations
#19
Aili Pyhälä, Álvaro Fernández-Llamazares, Hertta Lehvävirta, Anja Byg, Isabel Ruiz-Mallén, Matthieu Salpeteur, Thomas F Thornton
Global environmental change (GEC) is an increasingly discussed phenomenon in the scientific literature as evidence of its presence and impacts continues to grow. Yet, while the documentation of GEC is becoming more readily available, local perceptions of GEC- particularly in small-scale societies-and preferences about how to deal with it, are still largely overlooked. Local knowledge and perceptions of GEC are important in that agents make decisions (including on natural resource management) based on individual perceptions...
September 2016: Ecology and Society: a Journal of Integrative Science for Resilience and Sustainability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693759/design-and-evaluation-of-a-park-prescription-program-for-stress-reduction-and-health-promotion-in-low-income-families-the-stay-healthy-in-nature-everyday-shine-study-protocol
#20
Nooshin Razani, Michael A Kohn, Nancy M Wells, Doug Thompson, Hanna Hamilton Flores, George W Rutherford
BACKGROUND: Contact with nature improves human health; stress reduction is a mediating pathway. Stay Healthy in Nature Everyday (SHINE) is a stress reduction and health promotion intervention for low-income families at an urban Federally Qualified Health Center. We plan to evaluate two service-delivery models for SHINE and present here the intervention design and evaluation protocol. METHODS: Behavioral change theory and environmental education literature informed the intervention...
September 29, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
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