keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Dishevelled

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348144/a-crispr-tagging-based-screen-reveals-localized-players-in-wnt-directed-asymmetric-cell-division
#1
Jennifer K Heppert, Ariel M Pani, Allyson M Roberts, Daniel J Dickinson, Bob Goldstein
Oriented cell divisions are critical to establish and maintain cell fates and tissue organization. Diverse extracellular and intracellular cues have been shown to provide spatial information for mitotic spindle positioning, however, the molecular mechanisms by which extracellular signals communicate with cells to direct mitotic spindle positioning are largely unknown. In animal cells, oriented cell divisions are often achieved by the localization of force-generating, motor protein complexes to discrete cortical domains...
January 18, 2018: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339084/mir-613-inhibits-cell-migration-and-invasion-by-downregulating-daam1-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#2
Huaping Xiong, Ting Yan, Weijie Zhang, Fangfang Shi, Xuesong Jiang, Xiaohua Wang, Shoushan Li, Ying Chen, Cheng Chen, Yichao Zhu
Dishevelled-associated activator of morphogenesis 1 (Daam1) is a formin protein and participates in regulating cell migration of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells. The specific miRNA targeting Daam1 and mediating cell migration and invasion remains obscure. This experiment investigated the suppressive role of miR-613 in TNBC cells. The luciferase activity of Daam1 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) based reporters constructed in HEK-293T and MCF-7 cells suggested that Daam1 was the target gene of miR-613...
January 12, 2018: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336472/baicalin-increases-hair-follicle-development-by-increasing-canonical-wnt-%C3%AE-%C3%A2-catenin-signaling-and-activating-dermal-papillar-cells-in-mice
#3
Fei Xing, Wen-Juan Yi, Fang Miao, Meng-Yun Su, Tie-Chi Lei
Baicalin is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine commonly used for hair loss, the precise molecular mechanism of which is unknown. In the present study, the mechanism of baicalin was investigated via the topical application of baicalin to reconstituted hair follicles on mice dorsa and evaluating the effect on canonical Wnt/β‑catenin signaling in the hair follicles and the activity of dermal papillar cells. The results indicate that baicalin stimulates the expression of Wnt3a, Wnt5a, frizzled 7 and disheveled 2 whilst inhibiting the Axin/casein kinase 1α/adenomatous polyposis coli/glycogen synthase kinase 3β degradation complex, leading to accumulation of β‑catenin and activation of Wnt/β‑catenin signaling...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316729/wnt-rspo-and-hippo-signalling-in-the-intestine-and-intestinal-stem-cells
#4
REVIEW
Vitezslav Kriz, Vladimir Korinek
In this review, we address aspects of Wnt, R-Spondin (RSPO) and Hippo signalling, in both healthy and transformed intestinal epithelium. In intestinal stem cells (ISCs), the Wnt pathway is essential for intestinal crypt formation and renewal, whereas RSPO-mediated signalling mainly affects ISC numbers. In human colorectal cancer (CRC), aberrant Wnt signalling is the driving mechanism initiating this type of neoplasia. The signalling role of the RSPO-binding transmembrane proteins, the leucine-rich-repeat-containing G-protein-coupled receptors (LGRs), is possibly more pleiotropic and not only limited to the enhancement of Wnt signalling...
January 8, 2018: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229865/daple-coordinates-organ-wide-and-cell-intrinsic-polarity-to-pattern-inner-ear-hair-bundles
#5
Kimberly Siletti, Basile Tarchini, A J Hudspeth
The establishment of planar polarization by mammalian cells necessitates the integration of diverse signaling pathways. In the inner ear, at least two systems regulate the planar polarity of sensory hair bundles. The core planar cell polarity (PCP) proteins coordinate the orientations of hair cells across the epithelial plane. The cell-intrinsic patterning of hair bundles is implemented independently by the G protein complex classically known for orienting the mitotic spindle. Although the primary cilium also participates in each of these pathways, its role and the integration of the two systems are poorly understood...
December 11, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226968/study-of-micrornas-targeted-dvl2-on-the-osteoblasts-differentiation-of-rat-bmscs-in-hyperlipidemia-environment
#6
Xin Huang, Duoduo Li, Zhifeng Wang, Zhenfei Huang, Xiaofei Dong, Chuanhua Li, Jing Lan
Dishevelled 2 (Dvl-2), a key mediator of the wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, plays critical roles in osteoblasts differentiation in hyperlipidemia environment. In our previous study, we observed a strong correlation between increased dvl2 expression and decreased new bone formation around implants in a rat hyperlipidemia implant surgery model. However, transcriptional regulation of Dvl2 by microRNAs in this process remains unknown. In the current study, we searched in online database and identified four significantly up-regulated miRNAs, miR-21-5p, miR-29c-3p, miR-138-5p and miR-351-5p that could potentially regulate Dvl2...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218084/regulation-of-osteogenic-differentiation-by-dna-methylation-of-the-dishevelled-gene-in-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#7
Xiaofeng Han, Xinfeng Li, Guibin Zhong, Zude Liu
Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) are stem cells with multidirectional differentiation potential, which can be used as seed cells to repair and reconstruct many types of tissues and organs following injury or disease. Osteogenic differentiation involves a variety of pathway and factors, including cytokines, growth factors, and hormones. In the present study, we investigated the potential role of Dishevelled in osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs in induction medium containing the methyltransferase inhibitor 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207169/daam1-activates-rhoa-to-regulate-wnt5a%C3%A2-induced-glioblastoma-cell-invasion
#8
Guiyang Liu, Ting Yan, Xiaorong Li, Jianhui Sun, Bo Zhang, Hongjie Wang, Yichao Zhu
The signaling pathway of dishevelled-associated activator of morphogenesis 1 (Daam1) triggered by Wnt5a drives cell movement and migration during breast cancer metastasis. However, Wnt5a signaling in glioblastoma progression remains poorly defined. Wnt5a expression and activations of RhoA, Cdc42, and Rac1 were detected in human glioblastoma tissues by using ELISA assays and small G-protein activation assays, respectively. The cell invasion rate and Daam1 activation of glioblastoma U251 and T98MG cells were determined by cell invasion assays and pull-down assays, respectively...
December 1, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180104/the-nkd-ef-hand-domain-modulates-divergent-wnt-signaling-outputs-in-zebrafish
#9
Autumn N Marsden, Sarah W Derry, Igor Schneider, C Anthony Scott, Trudi A Westfall, Lindy K Brastrom, Madeline Shea, Deborah V Dawson, Diane C Slusarski
Wnt proteins regulate diverse biological responses by initiating two general outcomes: β-catenin-dependent transcription and β-catenin-independent activation of signaling cascades, the latter including modulation of calcium and regulation of cytoskeletal dynamics (Planar Cell Polarity, PCP). It has been difficult to elucidate the mechanisms by which Wnt signals are directed to effect one or the other outcome due to shared signaling proteins between the β-catenin-dependent and -independent pathways, such as the Dishevelled binding protein Naked...
November 24, 2017: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159713/tmem88-mediates-inflammatory-cytokines-secretion-by-regulating-jnk-p38-and-canonical-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-pathway-in-lx-2-cells
#10
Tao Xu, Lin-Xin Pan, Yun-Xuan Ge, Peng Li, Xiao-Ming Meng, Cheng Huang, Jun Li
Recent data have shown that Transmembrane protein 88 (TMEM88), a newly discovered protein localized on the cell membrane, interacts with the PDZ domain of disheveled-1 (Dvl-1) in Xenopus embryos. Indeed, TMEM88 might inhibit the canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway by competing with LRP5/6 for interaction with Dvl-1. TMEM88 plays a crucial role in regulating human stem cell differentiation and embryonic development. Until recently, the function of TMEM88 has been a matter of debate. In this study, we explore the role of TMEM88 in cytokine secretion and the role of the MAPK and Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α)-induced TMEM88 expression in LX-2 cells...
November 20, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153704/multiprotein-complexes-governing-wnt-signal-transduction
#11
REVIEW
Melissa Gammons, Mariann Bienz
Three multiprotein complexes have key roles in transducing Wnt signals from the plasma membrane to the cell nucleus - the β-catenin destruction complex, or Axin degradasome, which targets the Wnt effector β-catenin for proteasomal degradation in the absence of Wnt; the Wnt signalosome, assembled by polymerization of Dishevelled upon Wnt engaging its receptors, to inactivate the Axin degradasome, which allows β-catenin to accumulate; and the Wnt enhanceosome which enables β-catenin to gain access to target genes, to relieve their transcriptional repression by Groucho/TLE...
November 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136762/tgf-%C3%AE-signaling-regulates-dact1-expression-in-intestinal-epithelial-cells
#12
Ji-Lian Wang, Xin Zhou, Ling-Fu Zhang, Fei Li, Bing-Yan Wang, Wen-Dong Wang, Wei Fu
DACT1, was first identified as a Dishevelled-associated antagonist of Wnt signaling pathway. It has been reported that DACT1 functions in embryonic development and tumorigenesis. However, the regulation of DACT1 still remains unclear. We found Wnt signaling has no effect on DACT1, but TGF-β increases expression of DACT1 in intestinal epithelial cells. In addition, the minimal promoter is located in the region of -500bp to +1bp and the region between -3000bp to +1bp enhanced promoter activity. Site-directed mutation analysis was performed and indicated that potential regulatory elements was near -335bp...
November 6, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133828/animal-multicellularity-and-polarity-without-wnt-signaling
#13
Quentin Schenkelaars, Marine Pratlong, Laurent Kodjabachian, Laura Fierro-Constain, Jean Vacelet, André Le Bivic, Emmanuelle Renard, Carole Borchiellini
Acquisition of multicellularity is a central event in the evolution of Eukaryota. Strikingly, animal multicellularity coincides with the emergence of three intercellular communication pathways - Notch, TGF-β and Wnt - all considered as hallmarks of metazoan development. By investigating Oopsacas minuta and Aphrocallistes vastus, we show here that the emergence of a syncytium and plugged junctions in glass sponges coincides with the loss of essential components of the Wnt signaling (i.e. Wntless, Wnt ligands and Disheveled), whereas core components of the TGF-β and Notch modules appear unaffected...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125946/a-stereo-eeg-study-in-a-patient-with-sleep-related-hypermotor-epilepsy-due-to-depdc5-mutation
#14
Lorenzo Ferri, Francesca Bisulli, Roberto Mai, Laura Licchetta, Chiara Leta, Lino Nobili, Barbara Mostacci, Tommaso Pippucci, Paolo Tinuper
PURPOSE: Dishevelled EGL-10 and pleckstrin domain-containing protein 5 (DEPDC5) mutations are found in a wide spectrum of focal epilepsies ranging from epilepsy caused by malformation of cortical development to non-lesional epilepsy, including sleep-related hypermotor epilepsy (SHE). A surgical approach has been anecdotally reported in patients with DEPDC5 mutations, but most of these cases had a lesional etiology. METHODS: We describe a stereo-EEG (SEEG) study in a patient with drug-resistant/non-lesional SHE...
November 4, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116181/leucine-repeat-adaptor-protein-1-interacts-with-dishevelled-to-regulate-gastrulation-cell-movements-in-zebrafish
#15
Xiao-Ning Cheng, Ming Shao, Ji-Tong Li, Yan-Fei Wang, Jing Qi, Zhi-Gang Xu, De-Li Shi
Gastrulation is a fundamental morphogenetic event that requires polarised cell behaviours for coordinated asymmetric cell movements. Wnt/PCP signalling plays a critical role in this process. Dishevelled is an important conserved scaffold protein that relays Wnt/PCP signals from membrane receptors to the modulation of cytoskeleton organisation. However, it remains unclear how its activity is regulated for the activation of downstream effectors. Here, we report that Lurap1 is a Dishevelled-interacting protein that regulates Wnt/PCP signalling in convergence and extension movements during vertebrate gastrulation...
November 7, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113182/pteisolic-acid-g-a-novel-ent-kaurane-diterpenoid-inhibits-viability-and-induces-apoptosis-in-human-colorectal-carcinoma-cells
#16
Shuangli Qiu, Xin Wu, Hongbo Liao, Xiaobin Zeng, Senwang Zhang, Xiaofen Lu, Xiaohong He, Xiaoqi Zhang, Wencai Ye, Hua Wu, Xiaohui Zhu
Human colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major cause of cancer morbidity and mortality, and its incidence rates are increasing in economical transitioning areas globally. To develop efficient chemotherapy drugs for CRC, the present study isolated and identified a novel ent-kaurane diterpenoid from Pteris semipinnata, termed pterisolic acid G (PAG). This ent-kaurane diterpenoid was demonstrated to significantly inhibit the growth of human CRC HCT116 cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner, determined using the Cell Counting Kit-8 assay...
November 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037191/ascorbic-acid-alters-cell-fate-commitment-of-human-neural-progenitors-in-a-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-ros-signaling-dependent-manner
#17
Tareck Rharass, Margareta Lantow, Adam Gbankoto, Dieter G Weiss, Daniela Panáková, Stéphanie Lucas
BACKGROUND: Improving the neuronal yield from in vitro cultivated neural progenitor cells (NPCs) is an essential challenge in transplantation therapy in neurological disorders. In this regard, Ascorbic acid (AA) is widely used to expand neurogenesis from NPCs in cultures although the mechanisms of its action remain unclear. Neurogenesis from NPCs is regulated by the redox-sensitive WNT/β-catenin signaling pathway. We therefore aimed to investigate how AA interacts with this pathway and potentiates neurogenesis...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029464/mir-324-3p-promotes-tumor-growth-through-targeting-dact1-and-activation-of-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#18
Hang Tuo, Yufeng Wang, Liang Wang, Bowen Yao, Qing Li, Cong Wang, Zhikui Liu, Shaoshan Han, Guozhi Yin, Kangsheng Tu, Qingguang Liu
Recently, it has been reported that miR-324-3p participates in regulation of the carcinogenesis and tumor progression in various cancers. However, the expression and function of miR-324-3p in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain unclear. In the current study, miR-324-3p expression was significantly up-regulated in HCC tissues and cell lines. HCC patients with high miR-324-3p level showed poor prognostic features and shorter overall survival and disease-free survival. And in vitro and in vivo experiments revealed that miR-324-3p promoted cell viability, colony formation, proliferation and cell cycle progression of HCC cells...
September 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993455/ehrlichia-activation-of-wnt-pi3k-mtor-signaling-inhibits-autolysosome-generation-and-autophagic-destruction-by-the-mononuclear-phagocyte
#19
Taslima T Lina, Tian Luo, Thangam-Sudha Velayutham, Seema Das, Jere W McBride
In multicellular organisms, autophagy is induced as an innate defense mechanism. Notably, the obligate intracellular bacterium, Ehrlichia chaffeensis, resides in early endosome-like vacuoles and circumvents lysosomal fusion through an unknown mechanism, thereby avoiding destruction in the autophagolysosome. In this study, we reveal that Wnt signaling plays a crucial role in inhibition of lysosomal fusion and autolysosomal destruction of ehrlichiae. During early infection, autophagosomes fuse with ehrlichial vacuoles to form an amphisome indicated by presence of autophagy markers such as LC3, Beclin-1 and p62...
October 9, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992816/a-theoretical-model-of-the-wnt-signaling-pathway-in-the-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition
#20
Kelsey Gasior, Marlene Hauck, Alyson Wilson, Sudin Bhattacharya
BACKGROUND: Following the formation of a primary carcinoma, neoplastic cells metastasize by undergoing the epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT), which is triggered by cues from inflammatory and stromal cells in the microenvironment. EMT allows epithelial cells to lose their highly adhesive nature and instead adopt the spindle-like appearance, as well as the invasive and migratory behavior, of mesenchymal cells. We hypothesize that a bistable switch between the epithelial and mesenchymal phenotypes governs EMT, allowing the cell to maintain its mesenchymal phenotype even after it leaves the primary tumor microenvironment and EMT-inducing extracellular signal...
October 10, 2017: Theoretical Biology & Medical Modelling
keyword
keyword
119247
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"