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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107178/influence-of-structure-of-lactones-with-the-methylcyclohexene-and-dimethylcyclohexene-ring-on-their-biotransformation-and-antimicrobial-activity
#1
Katarzyna Wińska, Małgorzata Grabarczyk, Wanda Mączka, Barbara Żarowska, Gabriela Maciejewska, Mirosław Anioł
The aim of this article is influence of the structure of lactones with the methylcyclohexene and dimethylcyclohexene ring on their biotransformation and antimicrobial activity. This work was based on the general remark that even the smallest change in the structure of a compound can affect its biological properties. The results of the biotransformation of four bicyclic unsaturated lactones with one or two methyl groups in the cyclohexene ring was tested using fifteen fungal strains (Fusarium species, Penicillium species, Absidia species, Cunninghamella japonica, and Pleurotus ostreatus) and five yeast strains (Yarrowia lipolytica, Rhodorula marina, Rhodorula rubra, Candida viswanathii, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae)...
January 20, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092657/lipid-production-in-yarrowia-lipolytica-is-maximized-by-engineering-cytosolic-redox-metabolism
#2
Kangjian Qiao, Thomas M Wasylenko, Kang Zhou, Peng Xu, Gregory Stephanopoulos
Microbial factories have been engineered to produce lipids from carbohydrate feedstocks for production of biofuels and oleochemicals. However, even the best yields obtained to date are insufficient for commercial lipid production. To maximize the capture of electrons generated from substrate catabolism and thus increase substrate-to-product yields, we engineered 13 strains of Yarrowia lipolytica with synthetic pathways converting glycolytic NADH into the lipid biosynthetic precursors NADPH or acetyl-CoA. A quantitative model was established and identified the yield of the lipid pathway as a crucial determinant of overall process yield...
January 16, 2017: Nature Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066508/a-molecular-genetic-toolbox-for-yarrowia-lipolytica
#3
Erin L Bredeweg, Kyle R Pomraning, Ziyu Dai, Jens Nielsen, Eduard J Kerkhoven, Scott E Baker
BACKGROUND: Yarrowia lipolytica is an ascomycete yeast used in biotechnological research for its abilities to secrete high concentrations of proteins and accumulate lipids. Genetic tools have been made in a variety of backgrounds with varying similarity to a comprehensively sequenced strain. RESULTS: We have developed a set of genetic and molecular tools in order to expand capabilities of Y. lipolytica for both biological research and industrial bioengineering applications...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064038/characterization-of-hexose-transporters-in-yarrowia-lipolytica-reveals-new-groups-of-sugar-porters-involved-in-yeast-growth
#4
Zbigniew Lazar, Cécile Neuvéglise, Tristan Rossignol, Hugo Devillers, Nicolas Morin, Małgorzata Robak, Jean-Marc Nicaud, Anne-Marie Crutz-Le Coq
Sugar assimilation has been intensively studied in the model yeast S. cerevisiae, and for two decades, it has been clear that the homologous HXT genes, which encode a set of hexose transporters, play a central role in this process. However, in the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica, which is well-known for its biotechnological applications, sugar assimilation is only poorly understood, even though this yeast exhibits peculiar intra-strain differences in fructose uptake: some strains (e.g., W29) are known to be slow-growing in fructose while others (e...
January 4, 2017: Fungal Genetics and Biology: FG & B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052085/exploiting-bioprocessing-fluctuations-to-elicit-the-mechanistics-of-de-novo-lipogenesis-in-yarrowia-lipolytica
#5
Andreas E Vasdekis, Andrew M Silverman, Gregory Stephanopoulos
Despite substantial achievements in elucidating the metabolic pathways of lipogenesis, a mechanistic representation of lipid accumulation and degradation has not been fully attained to-date. Recent evidence suggests that lipid accumulation can occur through increases of either the cytosolic copy-number of lipid droplets (LDs), or the LDs size. However, the prevailing phenotype, or how such mechanisms pertain to lipid degradation remain poorly understood. To address this shortcoming, we employed the-recently discovered-innate bioprocessing fluctuations in Yarrowia lipolytica, and performed single-cell fluctuation analysis using optical microscopy and microfluidics that generate a quasi-time invariant microenvironment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042081/two-short-peptidoglycan-recognition-proteins-from-crassostrea-gigas-with-similar-structure-exhibited-different-pamp-binding-activity
#6
Chuanyan Yang, Lingling Wang, Zhihao Jia, Qilin Yi, Qingsong Xu, Weilin Wang, Changhao Gong, Conghui Liu, Linsheng Song
Peptidoglycan recognition protein (PGRP) is an essential molecule in innate immunity for both invertebrates and vertebrates, owing to its prominent ability in specifically recognizing bacterial peptidoglycan (PGN) and eliminating the invading bacteria. In the present study, the full length cDNA of two PGRP genes, CgPGRPS2 and CgPGRPS4, were cloned from oyster Crassostrea gigas. Their amino acid sequences both contained one signal peptide, one typical PGRP/amidase domain with conserved catalytic residues responsible for amidase activity (55H, 90Y, 164H, 172C in CgPGRPS2, and 98H, 133Y, 207H, 215C in CgPGRPS4), and specific PGN recognition (84R, 85W, 104R, 109V in CgPGRPS2, and 127G, 128W, 147R, 152V in CgPGRPS4), and they shared 55...
December 30, 2016: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031252/compound-heterozygosity-for-severe-and-hypomorphic-ndufs2-mutations-cause-non-syndromic-lhon-like-optic-neuropathy
#7
Sylvie Gerber, Martina G Ding, Xavier Gérard, Klaus Zwicker, Xavier Zanlonghi, Marlène Rio, Valérie Serre, Sylvain Hanein, Arnold Munnich, Agnès Rotig, Lucas Bianchi, Patrizia Amati-Bonneau, Orly Elpeleg, Josseline Kaplan, Ulrich Brandt, Jean-Michel Rozet
BACKGROUND: Non-syndromic hereditary optic neuropathy (HON) has been ascribed to mutations in mitochondrial fusion/fission dynamics genes, nuclear and mitochondrial DNA-encoded respiratory enzyme genes or nuclear genes of poorly known mitochondrial function. However, the disease causing gene remains unknown in many families. The objective of the present study was to identify the molecular cause of non-syndromic LHON-like disease in siblings born to non-consanguineous parents of French origin...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012044/a-survey-of-yeast-from-the-yarrowia-clade-for-lipid-production-in-dilute-acid-pretreated-lignocellulosic-biomass-hydrolysate
#8
Josh Quarterman, Patricia J Slininger, Cletus P Kurtzman, Stephanie R Thompson, Bruce S Dien
Yarrowia lipolytica is an oleaginous yeast species that has attracted attention as a model organism for synthesis of single cell oil. Among over 50 isolates of Y. lipolytica identified, only a few of the strains have been studied extensively. Furthermore, 12 other yeast species were recently assigned to the Yarrowia clade, and most are not well characterized in terms of cell growth and lipid accumulation, especially in industrially relevant conditions. In the present study, we investigated biomass and lipid production by 57 yeast isolates, representing all 13 species in the Yarrowia clade, on a non-detoxified dilute acid-pretreated switchgrass hydrolysate under highly aerobic conditions...
December 23, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989123/standardized-markerless-gene-integration-for-pathway-engineering-in-yarrowia-lipolytica
#9
Cory Schwartz, Murtaza Shabbir-Hussain, Keith Frogue, Mark Blenner, Ian Wheeldon
The yeast Yarrowia lipolytica is a promising microbial host due to its native capacity to produce lipid-based chemicals. Engineering stable production strains requires genomic integration of modified genes, avoiding episomal expression that requires specialized media to maintain selective pressures. Here, we develop a CRISPR-Cas9-based tool for targeted, markerless gene integration into the Y. lipolytica genome. A set of genomic loci was screened to identify sites that were accepting of gene integrations without impacting cell growth...
December 22, 2016: ACS Synthetic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933101/study-of-holtermanniella-wattica-leucosporidium-creatinivorum-naganishia-adeliensis-solicoccozyma-aeria-and-solicoccozyma-terricola-for-their-lipogenic-aptitude-from-different-carbon-sources
#10
Sara Filippucci, Giorgia Tasselli, Alessandro Scardua, Simone Di Mauro, Maria Rita Cramarossa, Davide Perini, Benedetta Turchetti, Andrea Onofri, Luca Forti, Pietro Buzzini
BACKGROUND: The ability of some microorganisms to accumulate lipids is well known; however, only recently the number of studies on microbial lipid biosynthesis for obtaining oleochemical products, namely biofuels and some building blocks for chemistry, is rapidly and spectacularly increased. Since 1990s, some oleaginous yeasts were studied for their ability to accumulate lipids up to 60-70% of their dry weight. Due to the vast array of engineering techniques currently available, the recombinant DNA technology was the main approach followed so far for obtaining lipid-overproducing yeasts, mainly belonging to the Yarrowia lipolytica...
2016: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875768/high-efficiency-succinic-acid-production-from-glycerol-via-in-situ-fibrous-bed-bioreactor-with-an-engineered-yarrowia-lipolytica
#11
Chong Li, Xiaofeng Yang, Shi Gao, Huaimin Wang, Carol Sze Ki Lin
In this study, in situ fibrous bed bioreactor (isFBB) was developed at the first time for efficient succinic acid (SA) production by Yarrowia lipolytica. After optimization, SA titer, productivity and yield of 51.9g/L, 1.46g/L/h and 0.42g/g were obtained respectively via isFBB fermentation under conditions of 750cm(2) cotton towel, 120g/L initial glycerol and 3L/min aeration rate. By fed batch strategy, SA titer raised up to 198.2g/L was achieved, which was the highest value ever reported. In operation stability study, SA productivity showed no obvious decrease after 12 repeated batches of 460h fermentation, and cell viability even recovered within two repeated batches after intentional interruption...
February 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871794/accessory-subunit-nuym-ndufs4-is-required-for-stability-of-the-electron-input-module-and-activity-of-mitochondrial-complex-i
#12
Flora Kahlhöfer, Katarzyna Kmita, Ilka Wittig, Klaus Zwicker, Volker Zickermann
Mitochondrial complex I is an intricate 1MDa membrane protein complex with a central role in aerobic energy metabolism. The minimal form of complex I consists of fourteen central subunits that are conserved from bacteria to man. In addition, eukaryotic complex I comprises some 30 accessory subunits of largely unknown function. The gene for the accessory NDUFS4 subunit of human complex I is a hot spot for fatal pathogenic mutations in humans. We have deleted the gene for the orthologous NUYM subunit in the aerobic yeast Yarrowia lipolytica, an established model system to study eukaryotic complex I and complex I linked diseases...
February 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871377/enhancement-of-methanol-resistance-of-yarrowia-lipolytica-lipase-2-using-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-as-an-additive-insights-from-experiments-and-molecular-dynamics-simulation
#13
Hao Cao, Yang Jiang, Haiyang Zhang, Kaili Nie, Ming Lei, Li Deng, Fang Wang, Tianwei Tan
The methanol resistance of lipase is a critical parameter in enzymatic biodiesel production. In the present work, the methanol resistance of Yarrowia lipolytica Lipase 2 (YLLIP2) was significantly improved using β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) as an additive. According to the results, YLLIP2 with β-CD exhibited approximately 7000U/mg specific activity in 30wt% methanol for 60min compared with no activity without β-CD under the same conditions. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulation results indicated that the β-CD molecules weakened the conformational change of YLLIP2 and maintained a semi-open state of the lid by overcoming the interference caused by methanol molecules...
January 2017: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861744/omega-3-production-by-fermentation-of-yarrowia-lipolytica-from-fed-batch-to-continuous
#14
Dongming Xie, Edward Miller, Pamela Sharpe, Ethel Jackson, Quinn Zhu
The omega-3 fatty acid, cis-5,8,11,14,17-eicosapentaenoic acid (C20:5; EPA) has wide-ranging benefits in improving heart health, immune function, and mental health. A sustainable source of EPA production through fermentation of metabolically engineered Yarrowia lipolytica has been developed. In this paper, key fed-batch fermentation conditions were identified to achieve 25% EPA in the yeast biomass, which is so far the highest EPA titer reported in the literature. Dynamic models of the EPA fermentation process were established for analyzing, optimizing, and scaling up the fermentation process...
November 14, 2016: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831926/biodegradation-of-micropollutant-naproxen-with-a-selected-fungal-strain-and-identification-of-metabolites
#15
Y Doruk Aracagök, Hakan Göker, Nilüfer Cihangir
Pharmaceuticals are widely used for treating human and animal diseases. Naproxen [(S) 6-methoxy-α-methyl-2-naphthalene acetic acid] and its sodium salt are members of the α-arylpropionic acid group of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Due to excessive usage of naproxen, this drug has been determined even in drinking water. In this study, four fungal strains Phanerochaete chrysosporium, Funalia trogii, Aspergillus niger, and Yarrowia lipolytica were investigated in terms of naproxen removal abilities. According to LC/MS data, A...
November 10, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826725/engineering-yarrowia-lipolytica-for-poly-3-hydroxybutyrate-production
#16
Zheng-Jun Li, Kangjian Qiao, Nian Liu, Gregory Stephanopoulos
Strains of Yarrowia lipolytica were engineered to express the poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) biosynthetic pathway. The genes for β-ketothiolase, NADPH-dependent acetoacetyl-CoA reductase, and PHB synthase were cloned and inserted into the chromosome of Y. lipolytica. In shake flasks, the engineered strain accumulated PHB to 1.50 and 3.84% of cell dry weight in complex medium supplemented with glucose and acetate as carbon source, respectively. In fed-batch fermentation using acetate as sole carbon source, 7...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817013/novel-efficient-promoter-of-the-mitochondrial-porin-voltage-dependent-anion-channel-vdac-in-the-genome-of-the-yarrowia-lipolytica-yeast
#17
F F Kulanbaewa, V Yu Sekova, E P Isakova, Y I Deryabina, A V Nikolaev
This article presents the characteristics of the highly inducible promoter of the gene encoding the mitochondrial porin, the voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC). This promoter is recommended for use in new genetic constructs both in basic research for assessing the adaptive strategy of lower eukaryotes under adverse conditions and in designing new highly competitive transformants producing economically important compounds (proteins, lipids, and organic acids) on its basis.
September 2016: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809258/biotransformation-of-bicyclic-halolactones-with-a-methyl-group-in-the-cyclohexane-ring-into-hydroxylactones-and-their-biological-activity
#18
Katarzyna Wińska, Małgorzata Grabarczyk, Wanda Mączka, Barbara Żarowska, Gabriela Maciejewska, Katarzyna Dancewicz, Beata Gabryś, Antoni Szumny, Mirosław Anioł
The aim of this study was the chemical synthesis of a series of halo- and unsaturated lactones, as well as their microbial transformation products. Finally some of their biological activities were assessed. Three bicyclic halolactones with a methyl group in the cyclohexane ring were obtained from the corresponding γ,δ-unsaturated ester during a two-step synthesis. These lactones were subjected to screening biotransformation using twenty two fungal strains. These strains were tested on their ability to transform halolactones into new hydroxylactones...
October 31, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800013/fatty-alcohol-production-in-lipomyces-starkeyi-and-yarrowia-lipolytica
#19
Wei Wang, Hui Wei, Eric Knoshaug, Stefanie Van Wychen, Qi Xu, Michael E Himmel, Min Zhang
BACKGROUND: Current biological pathways to produce biofuel intermediates amenable to separations and catalytic upgrading to hydrocarbon fuels are not cost effective. Previously, oleaginous yeasts have been investigated primarily for lipid production. However, yeasts store neutral lipids intracellularly making recovery difficult and expensive. In addition, once recovered from the cells, lipids are difficult to blend directly with the existing fuels without upgrading. We have, therefore, begun to investigate secreted fatty acid-derived products which can be easily recovered and upgraded to fuels...
2016: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796439/applying-pathway-engineering-to-enhance-production-of-alpha-ketoglutarate-in-yarrowia-lipolytica
#20
REVIEW
Hongwei Guo, Shaojie Su, Catherine Madzak, Jingwen Zhou, Hongwen Chen, Guo Chen
α-Ketoglutarate (α-KG), one of short-chain carboxylates of high commercial relevance, has been widely used in food, medicine, chemical, and cosmetic fields. Compared to other carboxylates, α-KG occupies key positions in the tricarboxylate cycle (TCA cycle) and amino acid metabolic pathway, the over-accumulation of α-KG is restricted both by tighter carbon and nitrogen regulation process. Biotechnology production of α-KG on large industrial level has been impeded by many obstacles. This review aims at highlighting and stating recent efforts toward improving the yield and titer of α-KG in the strains of Yarrowia lipolytica to reach industrial relevance...
December 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
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