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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303649/transforming-sugars-into-fat-lipid-biosynthesis-using-different-sugars-in-yarrowia-lipolytica
#1
Piotr Hapeta, Magdalena Rakicka, Remi Dulermo, Heber Gamboa-Meléndez, Anne-Marie Crutz-Le Coq, Jean-Marc Nicaud, Zbigniew Lazar
In an era of ever-increasing energy demands, a promising technology is being developed: the use of oleaginous microorganisms such as Yarrowia lipolytica to convert waste materials into biofuels. Here, we constructed two Y. lipolytica strains that displayed both increased lipid accumulation and a more efficient use of biomass-derived sugars, including glucose, fructose, galactose, and inulin. The first strain, Y. lipolytica YLZ150, was derived from the French wild-type strain W29. It had inhibited triacylglycerol mobilization (∆tgl4) and β-oxidation (∆pox1-6), and it overexpressed GPD1, DGA2, HXK1, the native Leloir pathway, SUC2 from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and INU1 from Kluyveromyces marxianus...
March 17, 2017: Yeast
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295166/engineering-oxidative-stress-defense-pathways-to-build-a-robust-lipid-production-platform-in-yarrowia-lipolytica
#2
Peng Xu, Kangjian Qiao, Gregory Stephanopoulos
Microbially-derived lipids have recently attracted renewed interests due to their broad applications in production of green diesels, cosmetic additives and oleochemicals. Metabolic engineering efforts have targeted a large portfolio of biosynthetic pathways to efficiently convert sugar to lipids in oleaginous yeast. In the engineered overproducing strains, endogenous cell metabolism typically generates harmful electrophilic molecules that compromise cell fitness and productivity. Lipids, particularly unsaturated fatty acids, are highly susceptible to oxygen radical attack and the resulting oxidative species are detrimental to cell metabolism and limit lipid productivity...
March 14, 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289912/production-of-%C3%AE-carotene-by-expressing-a-heterologous-multifunctional-carotene-synthase-in-yarrowia-lipolytica
#3
Shuliang Gao, Yangyang Tong, Li Zhu, Mei Ge, Yu Jiang, Daijie Chen, Sheng Yang
OBJECTIVES: To obtain functional expression of a heterologous multifunctional carotene synthase containing phytoene synthase, phytoene dehydrogenase, and lycopene β-cyclase activities encoded by carS from Schizochytrium sp. in order to allow Yarrowia lipolytica to produce β-carotene. RESULTS: To increase the integration efficiency of a 3.8 kb carS under the control of P GPD promoter with a 2 kb selection marker, ura3, along with a geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase (GGS1) expression cassette (~10 kb in total), was inserted into the Y...
March 13, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282268/construction-of-recombinant-yarrowia-lipolytica-and-its-application-in-bio-transformation-of-lignocellulose
#4
Hui-Ting Song, Yi-Min Yang, Ding-Kang Liu, Xiao-Qing Xu, Wen-Jing Xiao, Zi-Lu Liu, Wu-Cheng Xia, Chao-Ying Wang, Xiao Yu, Zheng-Bing Jiang
Lignocellulose is a polysaccharide and an abundant biomass resource that widely exists in grains, beans, rice, and their by-products. Over 10 million tons of lignocellulose resources and processing products are produced every year in China. Three recombinant Y. lipolytica strains with cellulase (β-glucosidase, endoglucanase and cellobiohydrolase) were constructed. The enzymatic activities of these enzymes were 14.181 U/mL, 16.307 U/mL, and 17.391 U/mL, respectively. The whole cell cellulases were used for a stover bio-transformation...
February 17, 2017: Bioengineered
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244372/action-mechanisms-involved-in-the-bioprotective-effect-of-lactobacillus-harbinensis-k-v9-3-1-np-against-yarrowia-lipolytica-in-fermented-milk
#5
Sophie Mieszkin, Nolwenn Hymery, Stella Debaets, Emmanuel Coton, Gwenaelle Le Blay, Florence Valence, Jérôme Mounier
The use of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) as bioprotective cultures can be an alternative to chemical preservatives or antibiotic to prevent fungal spoilage in dairy products. Among antifungal LAB, Lactobacillus harbinensis K.V9.3.1Np showed a remarkable antifungal activity for the bioprotection of fermented milk without modifying their organoleptic properties (Delavenne et al., 2015). The aim of the present study was to elucidate the action mechanism of this bioprotective strain against the spoilage yeast Yarrowia lipolytica...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239417/erratum-to-a-molecular-genetic-toolbox-for-yarrowia-lipolytica
#6
Erin L Bredeweg, Kyle R Pomraning, Ziyu Dai, Jens Nielsen, Eduard J Kerkhoven, Scott E Baker
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13068-016-0687-7.].
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217858/golden-gate-assembly-system-dedicated-to-complex-pathway-manipulation-in-yarrowia-lipolytica
#7
Ewelina Celińska, Rodrigo Ledesma-Amaro, Macarena Larroude, Tristan Rossignol, Cyrille Pauthenier, Jean-Marc Nicaud
In this study, we have adopted Golden Gate modular cloning strategy to develop a robust and versatile DNA assembly platform for the nonconventional yeast Yarrowia lipolytica. To this end, a broad set of destination vectors and interchangeable building blocks have been constructed. The DNA modules were assembled on a scaffold of predesigned 4 nt overhangs covering three transcription units (each bearing promoter, gene and terminator), selection marker gene and genomic integration targeting sequences, constituting altogether thirteen elements...
March 2017: Microbial Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217743/regulation-of-nitrogen-metabolism-by-gata-zinc-finger-transcription-factors-in-yarrowia-lipolytica
#8
Kyle R Pomraning, Erin L Bredeweg, Scott E Baker
Fungi accumulate lipids in a manner dependent on the quantity and quality of the nitrogen source on which they are growing. In the oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica, growth on a complex source of nitrogen enables rapid growth and limited accumulation of neutral lipids, while growth on a simple nitrogen source promotes lipid accumulation in large lipid droplets. Here we examined the roles of nitrogen catabolite repression and its regulation by GATA zinc finger transcription factors on lipid metabolism in Y...
January 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212656/using-a-vector-pool-containing-variable-strength-promoters-to-optimize-protein-production-in-yarrowia-lipolytica
#9
Rémi Dulermo, François Brunel, Thierry Dulermo, Rodrigo Ledesma-Amaro, Jérémy Vion, Marion Trassaert, Stéphane Thomas, Jean-Marc Nicaud, Christophe Leplat
BACKGROUND: The yeast Yarrowia lipolytica is an increasingly common biofactory. To enhance protein expression, several promoters have been developed, including the constitutive TEF promoter, the inducible POX2 promotor, and the hybrid hp4d promoter. Recently, new hp4d-inspired promoters have been created that couple various numbers of UAS1 tandem elements with the minimal LEU2 promoter or the TEF promoter. Three different protein-secretion signaling sequences can be used: preLip2, preXpr2, and preSuc2...
February 17, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188651/the-torc1-sch9-rim15-signaling-pathway-represses-yeast-to-hypha-transition-in-response-to-glycerol-availability-in-the-oleaginous-yeast-yarrowia-lipolytica
#10
Shu-Heng Liang, Heng Wu, Rui-Rui Wang, Qiang Wang, Tao Shu, Xiang-Dong Gao
The yeast-to-hypha dimorphic transition is important for survival under nutrient starvation in fungi. The oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica grows in the oval-shaped yeast form in glycerol media whereas it adopts a filamentous form in glucose media. It is not clear why this yeast responds differently to glycerol and glucose. Here, we show that glycerol blocks dimorphic transition even in the presence of glucose whereas glycerol depletion induces filamentous growth, suggesting that dimorphic transition is repressed in response to glycerol availability...
February 11, 2017: Molecular Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174563/metabolic-flexibility-of-yarrowia-lipolytica-growing-on-glycerol
#11
Michael Egermeier, Hannes Russmayer, Michael Sauer, Hans Marx
The yeast Yarrowia lipolytica is a fascinating microorganism with an amazing metabolic flexibility. This yeast grows very well on a wide variety of carbon sources from alkanes over lipids, to sugars and glycerol. Y. lipolytica accumulates a wide array of industrially relevant metabolites. It is very tolerant to many environmental factors, above all the pH value. It grows perfectly well over a wide pH range, but it has been described, that the pH has a decisive influence on the metabolite pattern accumulated by this yeast...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168314/cocoa-butter-like-lipid-production-ability-of-non-oleaginous-and-oleaginous-yeasts-under-nitrogen-limited-culture-conditions
#12
Yongjun Wei, Verena Siewers, Jens Nielsen
Cocoa butter (CB) extracted from cocoa beans is the main raw material for chocolate production. However, growing chocolate demands and limited CB production has resulted in a shortage of CB supply. CB is mainly composed of three different kinds of triacylglycerols (TAGs), POP (C16:0-C18:1-C16:0), POS (C16:0-C18:1-C18:0), and SOS (C18:0-C18:1-C18:0). The storage lipids of yeasts, mainly TAGs, also contain relative high-level of C16 and C18 fatty acids and might be used as CB-like lipids (CBL). In this study, we cultivated six different yeasts, including one non-oleaginous yeast strain, Saccharomyces cerevisiae CEN...
February 6, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152403/application-of-experimental-design-and-derivative-spectrophotometry-methods-in-optimization-and-analysis-of-biosorption-of-binary-mixtures-of-basic-dyes-from-aqueous-solutions
#13
Arash Asfaram, Mehrorang Ghaedi, Gholam Reza Ghezelbash, Francesco Pepe
Simultaneous biosorption of malachite green (MG) and crystal violet (CV) on biosorbent Yarrowia lipolytica ISF7 was studied. An appropriate derivative spectrophotometry technique was used to evaluate the concentration of each dye in binary solutions, despite significant interferences in visible light absorbances. The effects of pH, temperature, growth time, initial MG and CV concentration in batch experiments were assessed using Design of Experiment (DOE) according to central composite second order response surface methodology (RSM)...
January 30, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151056/%C3%AE-decalactone-production-by-yarrowia-lipolytica-and-lindnera-saturnus-in-crude-glycerol
#14
Géssyca P A Soares, Karla S T Souza, Leonardo F Vilela, Rosane F Schwan, Disney R Dias
Flavor compounds are commonly obtained from chemical synthesis or extracted from plants. These sources have disadvantages, such as racemic mixtures generation, more steps to yield the final product, low yield, and high cost, making the microbial fermentation an alternative and potential way to obtain flavor compounds. The most important lactone for flavor application is γ-decalactone, which has the aroma of peach, and can be obtained by ricinoleic acid biotransformation via yeast peroxisomal β-oxidation. The aim of this work was to use crude glycerol, a residual biodiesel industry, for the production of bioaroma from two different yeasts...
February 2, 2017: Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143479/droplet-based-microfluidic-high-throughput-screening-of-heterologous-enzymes-secreted-by-the-yeast-yarrowia-lipolytica
#15
Thomas Beneyton, Stéphane Thomas, Andrew D Griffiths, Jean-Marc Nicaud, Antoine Drevelle, Tristan Rossignol
BACKGROUND: Droplet-based microfluidics is becoming an increasingly attractive alternative to microtiter plate techniques for enzymatic high-throughput screening (HTS), especially for exploring large diversities with lower time and cost footprint. In this case, the assayed enzyme has to be accessible to the substrate within the water-in-oil droplet by being ideally extracellular or displayed at the cell surface. However, most of the enzymes screened to date are expressed within the cytoplasm of Escherichia coli cells, which means that a lysis step must take place inside the droplets for enzyme activity to be assayed...
January 31, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133596/hydrolysis-of-carotenoid-esters-from-tagetes-erecta-by-the-action-of-lipases-from-yarrowia-lipolytica
#16
Abraham Figueiras Abdala, Alfonso Pérez Gallardo, Lorenzo Guevara Olvera, Eleazar Máximo Escamilla Silva
The present study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility of enzymatic hydrolysis of carotenoid esters from Tagetes erecta using lipases from the yeast of Yarrowia lipolytica, with the aim of obtaining free lutein. The optimal concentrations of seven nutrients, considering the production of lipases relative to biomass (Yp/x) as the response variable, were determined in flask fermentations. In addition, we studied the effect on hydrolysis of growing Y. lipolytica in the presence of the oleoresin of the marigold flower in flask and stirred tank...
2017: Bioresources and Bioprocessing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133594/online-flow-cytometry-an-interesting-investigation-process-for-monitoring-lipid-accumulation-dimorphism-and-cells-growth-in-the-oleaginous-yeast-yarrowia-lipolytica-jmy-775
#17
Doria Naila Bouchedja, Sabine Danthine, Tambi Kar, Patrick Fickers, Abdelghani Boudjellal, Frank Delvigne
This study aims to understand and better control the main biological mechanisms and parameters modulating the various phenomena affecting Yarrowia lipolytica JMY775 and its lipids accumulation. The results obtained in this study stress forward that the use of an original tool, consisting of coupling bioreactors to online flow cytometry, is highly efficient. Throughout 48 h of culturing, this emerging process allowed an online continuous observation of the effects of pH and/or aeration on the cell growth and dimorphism and lipid accumulation by Y...
2017: Bioresources and Bioprocessing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130992/multi-responses-optimization-of-simultaneous-biosorption-of-cationic-dyes-by-live-yeast-yarrowia-lipolytica-70562-from-binary-solution-application-of-first-order-derivative-spectrophotometry
#18
Ebrahim Alipanahpour Dil, Mehrorang Ghaedi, Gholam Reza Ghezelbash, Arash Asfaram
Present study is based on application of live yeast Yarrowia lipolytica 70562 as new biosorbent was investigated for the simultaneous biosorption of Crystal Violet (CV) and Brilliant Green (BG) from wastewater. The effect of operating parameters such as initial dye concentrations (6-14mgL(-1)), solution pH (4.0-8.0) and contact time (4-20h) was investigated by response surface methodology (RSM) for modeling and optimization of biosorption process and accordingly the best operational conditions was set as: initial CV and BG concentration of 8...
January 25, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107178/influence-of-structure-of-lactones-with-the-methylcyclohexene-and-dimethylcyclohexene-ring-on-their-biotransformation-and-antimicrobial-activity
#19
Katarzyna Wińska, Małgorzata Grabarczyk, Wanda Mączka, Barbara Żarowska, Gabriela Maciejewska, Mirosław Anioł
The aim of this article is influence of the structure of lactones with the methylcyclohexene and dimethylcyclohexene ring on their biotransformation and antimicrobial activity. This work was based on the general remark that even the smallest change in the structure of a compound can affect its biological properties. The results of the biotransformation of four bicyclic unsaturated lactones with one or two methyl groups in the cyclohexene ring was tested using fifteen fungal strains (Fusarium species, Penicillium species, Absidia species, Cunninghamella japonica, and Pleurotus ostreatus) and five yeast strains (Yarrowia lipolytica, Rhodorula marina, Rhodorula rubra, Candida viswanathii, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae)...
January 20, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092657/lipid-production-in-yarrowia-lipolytica-is-maximized-by-engineering-cytosolic-redox-metabolism
#20
Kangjian Qiao, Thomas M Wasylenko, Kang Zhou, Peng Xu, Gregory Stephanopoulos
Microbial factories have been engineered to produce lipids from carbohydrate feedstocks for production of biofuels and oleochemicals. However, even the best yields obtained to date are insufficient for commercial lipid production. To maximize the capture of electrons generated from substrate catabolism and thus increase substrate-to-product yields, we engineered 13 strains of Yarrowia lipolytica with synthetic pathways converting glycolytic NADH into the lipid biosynthetic precursors NADPH or acetyl-CoA. A quantitative model was established and identified the yield of the lipid pathway as a crucial determinant of overall process yield...
February 2017: Nature Biotechnology
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