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Zhihao Jia, Huan Zhang, Shuai Jiang, Mengqiang Wang, Lingling Wang, Linsheng Song
C-type lectins (CTLs), a superfamily of Ca(2+)-dependent carbohydrate-recognition proteins, are involved in nonself-recognition and pathogen elimination, and play crucial roles in the innate immunity. In the present study, two single CRD C-type lectins, CgCLec-4 and CgCLec-5, were identified from oyster Crassostrea gigas. The open reading frame (ORF) of CgCLec-4 and CgCLec-5 encoded polypeptides of 152 and 150 amino acids, respectively. Both CgCLec-4 and CgCLec-5 contained one CRD with six conserved cysteines to form three disulfide bridges...
October 17, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Amit Ghosh, David Ando, Jennifer Gin, Weerawat Runguphan, Charles Denby, George Wang, Edward E K Baidoo, Chris Shymansky, Jay D Keasling, Héctor García Martín
Efficient redirection of microbial metabolism into the abundant production of desired bioproducts remains non-trivial. Here, we used flux-based modeling approaches to improve yields of fatty acids in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We combined (13)C labeling data with comprehensive genome-scale models to shed light onto microbial metabolism and improve metabolic engineering efforts. We concentrated on studying the balance of acetyl-CoA, a precursor metabolite for the biosynthesis of fatty acids. A genome-wide acetyl-CoA balance study showed ATP citrate lyase from Yarrowia lipolytica as a robust source of cytoplasmic acetyl-CoA and malate synthase as a desirable target for downregulation in terms of acetyl-CoA consumption...
2016: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
Farshad Darvishi, Marzieh Moradi, Catherine Madzak, Claude Jolivalt
Laccases are used in numerous applications, from green degradation of various xenobiotic compounds, waste detoxification, textile dye bleaching, and delignification of lignocellulose materials to biofuel production. In this study, the recombinant Yarrowia lipolytica YL4 strain carrying the white-rot fungus Trametes versicolor laccase IIIb gene was used for laccase production from beet molasses as an agro-industrial residue. Response surface methodology was used to statistical optimization of the production of laccase by Y...
October 15, 2016: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Derell Hardman, Daniel McFalls, Stylianos Fakas
Phosphatidic acid phosphatase (PAP) catalyzes the committed step of triacylglycerol (TAG) biosynthesis and thus regulates the amounts of TAG produced by the cell. TAG is the target of biotechnological processes developed for the production of food lipids or biofuels. These processes are using oleaginous microorganisms like the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica as the TAG producers. Thus manipulating key enzymatic activities like PAP in Y. lipolytica could drive lipid biosynthesis towards TAG production and increase TAG yields...
October 15, 2016: Yeast
Ganiyu Oladunjoye Oyetibo, Keisuke Miyauchi, Hitoshi Suzuki, Ginro Endo
Ecotoxicological implications of mercury (Hg) pollution of hydrosphere require effective Hg-removal strategies as antidote to the environmental problems. Mercury-tolerant yeasts, Yarrowia spp. Idd1 and Idd2 strains, were studied for intracellular accumulation and extracellular micro-precipitation of Hg during growth stage of the yeast strains. In a liquid medium containing 870 (±23.6) µg of bioavailable Hg(2+), 419.0 µg Hg(2+) (approx.) was taken up by the wet biomasses of the yeast strains after 48 h post-inoculation...
December 2016: AMB Express
Karla Silva Teixeira Souza, Cintia Lacerda Ramos, Rosane Freitas Schwan, Disney Ribeiro Dias
The main carbon source used for growth by four yeast strains (Yarrowia lipolytica CCMA 0357, Y. lipolytica CCMA 0242, Wickerhamomyces anomalus CCMA 0358, and Cryptococcus humicola CCMA 0346) and their lipid production were evaluated, using different concentrations of crude and pure glycerol and glucose. Whereas crude glycerol (100 g/L) was the main carbon source used by Y. lipolytica CCMA 0357 (nearly 15 g/L consumed at 120 h) and W. anomalus CCMA 0358 (nearly 45.10 g/L consumed at 48 h), pure glycerol (150 g/L) was the main one used by C...
October 13, 2016: Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology
Weizhu Zeng, Fang Fang, Song Liu, Guocheng Du, Jian Chen, Jingwen Zhou
Yarrowia lipolytica is one of the most intensively investigated α-ketoglutaric acid (α-KG) producers, and metabolic engineering has proven effective for enhancing production. However, regulation of α-KG metabolism remains poorly understood. Genetic engineering of new strains is accompanied by potential safety concerns in some countries and regions. A series of mutants with varied capacity for α-KG production were obtained using random mutagenesis of Y. lipolytica WSH-Z06. Comparative genomics analysis was implemented to identify genes candidates associated with α-KG production...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Biotechnology
Asma Timoumi, Mégane Cléret, Carine Bideaux, Stéphane E Guillouet, Yohan Allouche, Carole Molina-Jouve, Luc Fillaudeau, Nathalie Gorret
Yarrowia lipolytica, a non-conventional yeast with a promising biotechnological potential, is able to undergo metabolic and morphological changes in response to environmental conditions. The effect of pH perturbations of different types (pulses, Heaviside) on the dynamic behavior of Y. lipolytica W29 strain was characterized under two modes of culture: batch and continuous. In batch cultures, different pH (4.5, 5.6 (optimal condition), and 7) were investigated in order to identify the pH inducing a stress response (metabolic and/or morphologic) in Y...
October 11, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Edoardo D'Imprima, Deryck J Mills, Kristian Parey, Ulrich Brandt, Werner Kühlbrandt, Volker Zickermann, Janet Vonck
Mitochondrial complex I is a 1MDa membrane protein complex with a central role in aerobic energy metabolism. The bioenergetic core functions are executed by 14 central subunits that are conserved from bacteria to man. Despite recent progress in structure determination, our understanding of the function of the ~30 accessory subunits associated with the mitochondrial complex is still limited. We have investigated the structure of complex I from the aerobic yeast Yarrowia lipolytica by cryo-electron microscopy...
September 30, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Hye Ji Oh, Hye Yun Moon, Seon Ah Cheon, Yoonsoo Hahn, Hyun Ah Kang
O-linked β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) glycosylation is an important post-translational modification in many cellular processes. It is mediated by O-GlcNAc transferases (OGTs), which catalyze the addition of O-GlcNAc to serine or threonine residues of the target proteins. In this study, we expressed a putative Yarrowia lipolytica OGT (YlOGT), the only homolog identified in the subphylum Saccharomycotina through bioinformatics analysis, and the human OGT (hOGT) as recombinant proteins in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and performed their functional characterization...
October 2016: Journal of Microbiology / the Microbiological Society of Korea
Ai-Qun Yu, Nina Pratomo, Tee-Kheang Ng, Hua Ling, Han-Saem Cho, Susanna Su Jan Leong, Matthew Wook Chang
Yarrowia lipolytica is a non-pathogenic, dimorphic and strictly aerobic yeast species. Owing to its distinctive physiological features and metabolic characteristics, this unconventional yeast is not only a good model for the study of the fundamental nature of fungal differentiation but is also a promising microbial platform for biochemical production and various biotechnological applications, which require extensive genetic manipulations. However, genetic manipulations of Y. lipolytica have been limited due to the lack of an efficient and stable genetic transformation system as well as very high rates of non-homologous recombination that can be mainly attributed to the KU70 gene...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Mathias Bäumlisberger, Urs Moellecken, Helmut König, Harald Claus
Twenty-six yeasts from different genera were investigated for their ability to metabolize biogenic amines. About half of the yeast strains produced one or more different biogenic amines, but some strains of Debaryomyces hansenii and Yarrowia lipolytica were also able to degrade such compounds. The most effective strain D. hanseniii H525 metabolized a broad spectrum of biogenic amines by growing and resting cells. Degradation of biogenic amines by this yeast isolate could be attributed to a peroxisomal amine oxidase activity...
November 6, 2015: Microorganisms
Przemysław Krawczyk, Beata Jędrzejewska, Marek Pietrzak, Tomasz Janek
In this study, the 4-(1H-phenanthro[9,10-d]-imidazol-2-yl)-benzaldehyde (PB1) was investigated as a fluorescent dye. For this reason, the spectroscopic properties in different solvents were thoroughly studied. The experimental data were supported by quantum-chemical calculations using density functional theory. Measurements and theoretical calculations showed that PB1 dye is characterized by the non-monotonic solvatochromism, strongly polar charge transfer excited state, large Stokes' shift, high fluorescence quantum yield and high fluorescence lifetime...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Qi Shen, Yue Chen, Danfeng Jin, Hui Lin, Qun Wang, Yu-Hua Zhao
In this work, Trichosporon fermentans CICC 1368, which has been shown to accumulate cellular lipids efficiently using industry-agricultural wastes, was subjected to preliminary genome analysis, yielding a genome size of 31.3 million bases and 12,702 predicted protein-coding genes. Our analysis also showed a high degree of gene duplications and unique genes compared with those observed in other oleaginous yeasts, with 3-4-fold more genes related to fatty acid elongation and degradation compared with those in Rhodosporidium toruloides NP11 and Yarrowia lipolytica CLIB122...
November 2016: Microbiological Research
Hosni Sassi, Frank Delvigne, Tambi Kar, Jean-Marc Nicaud, Anne-Marie Crutz-Le Coq, Sebastien Steels, Patrick Fickers
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the non-conventional model yeast species Yarrowia lipolytica has received much attention because it is a useful cell factory for producing recombinant proteins. In this species, expression vectors involving LIP2 and POX2 promoters have been developed and used successfully for protein production at yields similar to or even higher than those of other cell factories, such as Pichia pastoris. However, production processes involving these promoters can be difficult to manage, especially if carried out at large scales in fed-batch bioreactors, because they require hydrophobic inducers, such as oleic acid or methyl oleate...
2016: Microbial Cell Factories
Kuttiraja Mathiazhakan, Dhouha Ayed, Rajeshwar Dayal Tyagi
The objective of this work was to study the kinetics of lipid production at lab scale fermenters by a new isolate of Yarrowia lipolytica SKY7. The model terms glycerol concentration inoculum and C/N ratio with inoculum were found to be significant for lipid production. Lipid production was found to be higher in glycerol 82.5g/L, C/N ratio 75 and inoculum volume 6.25%. Optimized culture conditions were tested at 15L bench scale reactor. The biomass concentration and lipid content obtained was 29.5g/L and 50% (w/w), respectively...
December 2016: Bioresource Technology
Ilka Siebels, Stefan Dröse
The charge translocation by purified reconstituted mitochondrial complex I from the obligate aerobic yeast Yarrowia lipolytica was investigated after adsorption of proteoliposomes to solid-supported membranes. In presence of n-decylubiquinone (DBQ), pulses of NADH provided by rapid solution exchange induced charge transfer reflecting steady-state pumping activity of the reconstituted enzyme. The signal amplitude increased with time, indicating 'deactive→active' transition of the Yarrowia complex I. Furthermore, an increase of the membrane-conductivity after addition of 5-(N-ethyl-N-isopropyl)amiloride (EIPA) was detected which questiones the use of EIPA as an inhibitor of the Na(+)/H(+)-antiporter-like subunits of complex I...
October 14, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Peng Xu, Kangjian Qiao, Woo Suk Ahn, Gregory Stephanopoulos
Harnessing lipogenic pathways and rewiring acyl-CoA and acyl-ACP (acyl carrier protein) metabolism in Yarrowia lipolytica hold great potential for cost-efficient production of diesel, gasoline-like fuels, and oleochemicals. Here we assessed various pathway engineering strategies in Y. lipolytica toward developing a yeast biorefinery platform for sustainable production of fuel-like molecules and oleochemicals. Specifically, acyl-CoA/acyl-ACP processing enzymes were targeted to the cytoplasm, peroxisome, or endoplasmic reticulum to generate fatty acid ethyl esters and fatty alkanes with tailored chain length...
September 27, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Bao Ngoc Pham-Hoang, Andrée Voilley, Yves Waché
Yeast cells are efficient microcapsules for the encapsulation of flavoring compounds. However, as they are preformed capsules, they have to be loaded with the active. Encapsulation efficiency is to a certain level correlated with LogP. In this study, the effect of structural factors on the encapsulation of amphiphilic flavors was investigated. Homological series of carboxylic acids, ethyl esters, lactones, alcohols and ketones were encapsulated into the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica. Although, in a single homological series, the length of the molecule and thus the LogP were correlated with encapsulation efficiency (EY%), big differences were observable between series...
August 28, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Christophe Magnan, James Yu, Ivan Chang, Ethan Jahn, Yuzo Kanomata, Jenny Wu, Michael Zeller, Melanie Oakes, Pierre Baldi, Suzanne Sandmeyer
Yarrowia lipolytica, an oleaginous yeast, is capable of accumulating significant cellular mass in lipid making it an important source of biosustainable hydrocarbon-based chemicals. In spite of a similar number of protein-coding genes to that in other Hemiascomycetes, the Y. lipolytica genome is almost double that of model yeasts. Despite its economic importance and several distinct strains in common use, an independent genome assembly exists for only one strain. We report here a de novo annotated assembly of the chromosomal genome of an industrially-relevant strain, W29/CLIB89, determined by hybrid next-generation sequencing...
2016: PloS One
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