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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518019/ebola-virus-imported-from-guinea-to-senegal-2014
#1
Daye Ka, Gamou Fall, Viviane Cissé Diallo, Ousmane Faye, Louise Deguenonvo Fortes, Oumar Faye, Elhadji Ibrahim Bah, Kadia Mbaye Diallo, Fanny Balique, Cheikh Tidiane Ndour, Moussa Seydi, Amadou Alpha Sall
In March 2014, the World Health Organization declared an outbreak of Ebola virus disease in Guinea. In August 2014, a case caused by virus imported from Guinea occurred in Senegal, most likely resulting from nonsecure funerals and travel. Preparedness and surveillance in Senegal probably prevented secondary cases.
June 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515847/pacemaker-recycling-a-notion-whose-time-has-come
#2
REVIEW
Mason W Runge, Timir S Baman, Sheldon Davis, Kevin Weatherwax, Ed Goldman, Kim A Eagle, Thomas C Crawford
The purpose of this paper is to summarize the need, feasibility, safety, legality, and ethical perspectives of pacemaker reutilization in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). It will also describe, in-depth, Project My Heart Your Heart (PMHYH) as a model for pacemaker reuse in LMICs. The primary source of the discussion points in this paper is a collection of 14 publications produced by the research team at the University of Michigan and its collaborative partners. The need for pacemaker reutilization in LMICs is evident...
April 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507121/essential-information-uncertainty-and-optimal-control-of-ebola-outbreaks
#3
Shou-Li Li, Ottar N Bjørnstad, Matthew J Ferrari, Riley Mummah, Michael C Runge, Christopher J Fonnesbeck, Michael J Tildesley, William J M Probert, Katriona Shea
Early resolution of uncertainty during an epidemic outbreak can lead to rapid and efficient decision making, provided that the uncertainty affects prioritization of actions. The wide range in caseload projections for the 2014 Ebola outbreak caused great concern and debate about the utility of models. By coding and running 37 published Ebola models with five candidate interventions, we found that, despite this large variation in caseload projection, the ranking of management options was relatively consistent...
May 15, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471309/family-and-funerals-taking-a-relational-perspective
#4
Kate Woodthorpe
This paper explores a number of relational features of a contemporary funeral: content; participation; and commercial choice. In so doing it utilises Finch and Mason's ( 2000 ) concept of 'reflexive relationalism' to show that the contemporary funeral is an event when familial relationships can be (re)affirmed and rejected. This 'doing' of family has methodological implications for the future study of funerals and, it is argued here, this necessarily requires the inclusion of class culture.
May 4, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442086/i-recently-went-to-a-funeral
#5
EDITORIAL
Robert I Golomb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434421/galileo-s-legacy-a-critical-edition-and-translation-of-the-manuscript-of-vincenzo-viviani-s-grati-animi-monumenta
#6
Stefano Gattei
Having been found 'vehemently suspected of heresy' by the Holy Office in 1633, at the time of his death (1642) Galileo's remains were laid to rest in the tiny vestry of a lateral chapel of the Santa Croce Basilica, Florence. Throughout his life, Vincenzo Viviani, Galileo's last disciple, struggled to have his master's name rehabilitated and his banned works reprinted, as well as a proper funeral monument erected. He did not live to see all this come true, but his efforts triggered a mechanism that eventually led to the fulfilment of his wishes...
April 24, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420979/evidence-for-a-selectively-regulated-prioritization-shift-depending-on-walking-situations-in-older-adults
#7
Dina Salkovic, Markus A Hobert, Carolin Bellut, Florian Funer, Sarah Renno, Linda Haertner, Sandra E Hasmann, Jana Staebler, Johanna Geritz, Ulrike Suenkel, Andreas J Fallgatter, Gerhard W Eschweiler, Daniela Berg, Walter Maetzler
Background: Older adults have increased risks of balance issues and falls when walking and performing turns in daily situations. Changes of prioritization during different walking situations associated with dual tasking may contribute to these deficits. The objective of this study was therefore to investigate whether older adults demonstrate changes of prioritization during different walking paths. Methods: In total, 1,054 subjects with an age range from 50 to 83 years were selected from the first follow-up visit of the TREND (Tuebinger evaluation of Risk factors for Early detection of Neurodegenerative Disorders) study...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396472/characterizing-risk-of-ebola-transmission-based-on-frequency-and-type-of-case-contact-exposures
#8
Laura A Skrip, Mosoka P Fallah, Stephen G Gaffney, Rami Yaari, Dan Yamin, Amit Huppert, Luke Bawo, Tolbert Nyenswah, Alison P Galvani
During the initial months of the 2013-2016 Ebola epidemic, rapid geographical dissemination and intense transmission challenged response efforts across West Africa. Contextual behaviours associated with increased risk of exposure included travel to high-transmission settings, caring for sick and preparing the deceased for traditional funerals. Although such behaviours are widespread in West Africa, high-transmission pockets were observed. Superspreading and clustering are typical phenomena in infectious disease outbreaks, as a relatively small number of transmission chains are often responsible for the majority of events...
May 26, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396466/the-contribution-of-biological-mathematical-clinical-engineering-and-social-sciences-to-combatting-the-west-african-ebola-epidemic
#9
REVIEW
Christopher J M Whitty
The tragic West African Ebola epidemic claimed many lives, but would have been worse still if scientific insights from many disciplines had not been integrated to create a strong technical response. Epidemiology and modelling triggered the international response and guided where response efforts were directed; virology, engineering and clinical science helped reduce deaths and transmission in and from hospitals and treatment centres; social sciences were key to reducing deaths from funerals and in the community; diagnostic and operational research made the response more efficient; immunology and vaccine research contributed to the final stages of the epidemic and will help prevent future epidemics...
May 26, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395641/change-and-innovation-in-the-funeral-industry
#10
Virginia R Beard, William C Burger
The "modern" or traditional funeral, as it is known in the funeral industry today, that includes embalming, casket, service, and burial in a cemetery, emerged as a result of four forces in American society: the Industrial Revolution, the Civil War, the emergence of a genteel code of conduct as a result of increased wealth in our society, and changing cultural views toward death. While the traditional funeral ritual remains the most popular funeral selection in the United States today, the industry is experiencing changes that are reshaping the death rituals and methods of body disposal...
May 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395093/repatriation-of-human-remains-following-death-in-international-travellers
#11
Ruairi Connolly, Richard Prendiville, Denis Cusack, Gerard Flaherty
Background: Death during international travel and the repatriation of human remains to one's home country is a distressing and expensive process. Much organization is required involving close liaison between various agencies. Methods: A review of the literature was conducted using the PubMed database. Search terms included: 'repatriation of remains', 'death', 'abroad', 'tourism', 'travel', 'travellers', 'travelling' and 'repatriation'. Additional articles were obtained from grey literature sources and reference lists...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395069/involved-in-the-business-of-death-the-social-work-role-in-postmortem-care
#12
Susan Sefansky
One way that hospitals address concerns about postmortem care is through an office of decedent affairs (ODA). Many hospitals use this office to collect death paperwork, release bodies to funeral homes, perform autopsies, or increase rates of autopsies and organ and tissue donations. It is not common for an ODA to report to the Department of Social Work rather than the Department of Pathology. Few offices put the emphasis on postmortem care for families or staff members. A comprehensive postmortem program needs many different components, including support to families (for example, viewing the dead, advising on next steps after a death, and providing bereavement support), consulting with and supporting multidisciplinary staffers, and coordinating with multiple medical center departments...
February 1, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323470/police-brutality-and-black-health-setting-the-agenda-for-public-health-scholars
#13
Sirry Alang, Donna McAlpine, Ellen McCreedy, Rachel Hardeman
We investigated links between police brutality and poor health outcomes among Blacks and identified five intersecting pathways: (1) fatal injuries that increase population-specific mortality rates; (2) adverse physiological responses that increase morbidity; (3) racist public reactions that cause stress; (4) arrests, incarcerations, and legal, medical, and funeral bills that cause financial strain; and (5) integrated oppressive structures that cause systematic disempowerment. Public health scholars should champion efforts to implement surveillance of police brutality and press funders to support research to understand the experiences of people faced with police brutality...
May 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279760/paying-respect-to-human-cadavers-we-owe-this-to-the-first-teacher-in-anatomy
#14
Sanjib Kumar Ghosh
Every human cadaver which undergoes anatomical dissection enriches medical science and deserves to be treated with utmost respect. The aim of the present study is to identify the practices followed by medical schools across the globe to ensure that the human cadaver is treated with respect and dignity while it is utilized within the domain of medical education. The article undertakes a review of the literature and takes note of the practice of students taking an oath prior to dissecting cadavers whereby they reflect on their conduct and habits in the dissection room...
March 6, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186839/meeting-basic-needs-social-supports-and-services-provided-by-hospice
#15
Nathan A Boucher, Maragatha Kuchibhatla, Kimberly S Johnson
OBJECTIVE: Describe social goods and services for which hospices assist patients and families and the resources hospices use to do so. BACKGROUND: Basic social supports and services not routinely covered by insurers may be needed by terminally ill patients and their families. Little is known about hospices' provision of such social supports and services. METHODS: A 2014-2015 cross-sectional survey of hospices nationwide. Participating hospices had been in operation for at least 3 years and were located in any of the 50 states or District of Columbia...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144787/-centenarians-preparing-for-the-end-of-life
#16
Simon Eggert, Adelheid Kuhlmey, Ralf Suhr, Dagmar Dräger
BACKGROUND: The population of centenarians has grown immensely in Germany but has yet hardly been considered in research on dying and death. Due to their very old age centenarians are especially intensively confronted with the challenge of the end of life. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze how centenarians handle the existential challenge of the end of life and which aspects are especially significant for them. Conclusions drawn from this analysis were used to identify factors to improve the needs-based provision of care...
January 31, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141729/a-9-year-old-girl-discovers-that-her-mother-was-murdered
#17
David J Schonfeld, Julia Shekunov, Michael Jellinek, Martin T Stein
Susan was a 9-year-old girl living with her mother; she had never met her father. Her mother returned one evening from her job as a cocktail waitress and Susan met her at the apartment door to let her know they had run out of cat food. Her mother said she would go and buy some the next morning because it was late and she was tired, but Susan insisted she go out that evening because the cat had not eaten all day. Her mother was fatally shot in the parking lot of the convenience store shortly thereafter; since there was no robbery involved, the police suspected it was someone that she knew...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134350/the-identification-of-a-1916-irish-rebel-new-approach-for-estimating-relatedness-from-low-coverage-homozygous-genomes
#18
Daniel Fernandes, Kendra Sirak, Mario Novak, John A Finarelli, John Byrne, Edward Connolly, Jeanette E L Carlsson, Edmondo Ferretti, Ron Pinhasi, Jens Carlsson
Thomas Kent was an Irish rebel who was executed by British forces in the aftermath of the Easter Rising armed insurrection of 1916 and buried in a shallow grave on Cork prison's grounds. In 2015, ninety-nine years after his death, a state funeral was offered to his living family to honor his role in the struggle for Irish independence. However, inaccuracies in record keeping did not allow the bodily remains that supposedly belonged to Kent to be identified with absolute certainty. Using a novel approach based on homozygous single nucleotide polymorphisms, we identified these remains to be those of Kent by comparing his genetic data to that of two known living relatives...
January 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118779/martyrs-never-die
#19
Julie Alev Dilmaç
The new technologies have changed the rituals related to death: Creation of memorial webpages and of virtual tombs, celebration of death anniversaries are now common currency on the Internet. In spite of their disappearance among the living, the deceased continue to exist on the Web. They still receive messages from their relatives but also from strangers and are at the heart of discussions, prolonging their presence. New technologies have led to a new concept of time and of "where life ends." Through the analysis of Facebook's accounts devoted to Turkish martyrs, this article aimed to describe the new funeral rituals seen on the Internet...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030554/procedures-and-frequencies-of-embalming-and-heart-extractions-in-modern-period-in-brittany-contribution-to-the-evolution-of-ritual-funerary-in-europe
#20
Rozenn Colleter, Fabrice Dedouit, Sylvie Duchesne, Fatima-Zohra Mokrane, Véronique Gendrot, Patrice Gérard, Henri Dabernat, Éric Crubézy, Norbert Telmon
The evolution of funeral practices from the Middle Ages through the Modern era in Europe is generally seen as a process of secularization. The study, through imaging and autopsy, of two mummies, five lead urns containing hearts, and more than six hundred skeletons of nobles and clergymen from a Renaissance convent in Brittany has led us to reject this view. In addition to exceptional embalming, we observed instances in which hearts alone had been extracted, a phenomenon that had never before been described, and brains alone as well, and instances in which each spouse's heart had been placed on the other's coffin...
2016: PloS One
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