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Pamela Holzlöhner, Monique Butze, Natalia Maier, Nicole Hebel, Erik Schliebs, Burkhard Micheel, Jonas Füner, Gabriele Heidicke, Katja Hanack
Camelids possess antibodies with a conventional four-chain structure consisting of two heavy and two light chains (of subclass IgG1) but further they also generate heavy-chain only antibodies (of subclass IgG2 and 3) which are fully functional in antigen binding. In this study subclass-specific murine monoclonal antibodies specific to conventional camelid IgG1 and heavy-chain only IgG2/3 were generated and validated for the use as potent secondary detection reagents. The monoclonal antibodies are able to differentiate between all camelid IgGs, conventional four-chain camelid antibodies (of subclass IgG1) and exclusively heavy chain-only antibodies (of subclasses IgG2 and IgG3)...
March 2018: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Idil Aksoz-Efe, Ozgur Erdur-Baker, Heather Servaty-Seib
Grief following a death loss is a common experience all individuals face at some point in life. There, however, are only a few in-depth studies regarding grief in cultures around the world and specific roles that rituals and beliefs related to death may have in the grieving process. Results of interview data from eight grieving Turkish women revealed four three themes: (a) metaphors of loss, (b) funeral rituals, and (c) rituals in relation to control and personal factors. Overall, participants' sense of control appeared to influence their grief experiences and perceptions of rituals...
January 17, 2018: Death Studies
Benson Oduor Ojwang
The region inhabited by the Luo ethnic group in Kenya is disease endemic. However, disease awareness initiatives register low acceptance due to the sociocultural images of disease and illness conceptualized in the local Dholuo language in ways that may contradict modern biomedical knowledge and practice. This article evaluates the sociocultural basis of encoding descriptions of disease in the Luo indigenous knowledge system and their implications for modern medical practice. The methodology entailed use of qualitative interviews of purposively sampled Dholuo-speaking patient escorts in a provincial referral hospital...
February 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Barbara Burmen, Joseph O Mogunde, Daniel Po Kwaro
BACKGROUND: The delivery of public health policies may be in conflict with individualism. OBJECTIVES: To propose measures to ethically provide routine HIV testing services to persons visiting a funeral home. RESEARCH DESIGN: A document analysis of study documents and presentations made to an institutional review board. Participants and research context: Institutional review board members (both lay and professionals) and Study investigators attending an `open session' where study investigators were invited to elaborate on some study procedures...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
Fatima Rodriguez, Katherine G Hastings, Jiaqi Hu, Lenny Lopez, Mark Cullen, Robert A Harrington, Latha P Palaniappan
BACKGROUND: Hispanic persons represent a heterogeneous and growing population of any race with origins in Mexico, the Caribbean, Central America, South America, or other Spanish-speaking countries. Previous studies have documented variation in cardiovascular risk and outcomes among Hispanic subgroups. Few studies have investigated whether these patterns vary by nativity status among Hispanic subgroups. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used the National Center for Health Statistics mortality file to compare deaths of Hispanic (n=1 258 229) and non-Hispanic white (n=18 149 774) adults (aged ≥25 years) from 2003 to 2012...
December 13, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
Hélio Afonso Ghizoni Teive, Paula Marques, Francisco Manoel Branco Germiniani, Olivier Walusinski
Jean-Martin Charcot, the founder of modern neurology and leading figure in international neurology in the 19th century, died on August 16, 1893, in the province of Morvan in the French countryside, at the age of 67. The funeral service was held in Paris at the La Salpêtrière Hospital, and Charcot was buried in Montmartre cemetery in the same city.
November 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
Sherry L Murphy, Jiaquan Xu, Kenneth D Kochanek, Sally C Curtin, Elizabeth Arias
Objectives-This report presents final 2015 data on U.S. deaths, death rates, life expectancy, infant mortality, and trends, by selected characteristics such as age, sex, Hispanic origin and race, state of residence, and cause of death. Methods-Information reported on death certificates, which are completed by funeral directors, attending physicians, medical examiners, and coroners, is presented in descriptive tabulations. The original records are filed in state registration offices. Statistical information is compiled in a national database through the Vital Statistics Cooperative Program of the National Center for Health Statistics...
November 2017: National Vital Statistics Reports
Virginia R Beard, William C Burger
As a result of recent economic changes in the United States and cultural changes among the population, the funeral industry has experienced a "legitimation crisis." The objective of this research is to examine new advertising and marketing strategies engaged in by professionals in the funeral industry to respond to market and cultural changes that have affected both the funeral industry at large and the role of the funeral director as a participant in this industry. A meta-analysis of articles from issues of the industry trade journal American Funeral Director for the years 2008 through 2015 was conducted...
January 1, 2017: Omega
Suzanne Rainsford, Nicholas J Glasgow, Rod D MacLeod, Teresa Neeman, Christine B Phillips, Robert B Wiles
OBJECTIVE: To describe the place of death of residents in a rural region of New South Wales. DESIGN: Cross-sectional quantitative study using death data collected from local funeral directors (in person and websites), residential aged-care facilities, one multipurpose heath service and obituary notices in the local media (newspapers/radio). SETTING: Snowy Monaro region (NSW Australia). PARTICIPANTS: Residents, with advanced frailty or one of 10 conditions amenable to palliative care, who died between 1 February 2015 and 31 May 2016...
December 11, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
Gloria Gaggioli
In armed conflicts, death is not an exceptional occurrence, but becomes the rule and occurs on a daily basis. Dead bodies are sometimes despoiled, mutilated, abandoned without any funeral rite and without a decent burial. Unidentified remains may be counted by hundreds or thousands. As a result, families look for years for missing relatives, ignorant of the fate of their loved ones. International Humanitarian Law, also called the laws of war or the law of armed conflict, is an international law branch, which has been developed to regulate and, as far as possible, to humanize armed conflicts...
January 2018: Forensic Science International
Emily Jones, Steffan Simpson
: The Paediatric Emergency Unit at the University Hospital of Wales provides care for over 33 000 children per year. There was no provision in place to support suddenly bereaved families. Staff felt that we could improve the services provided to families who's children sadly died in the unit.The aim was to provide immediate support for the suddenly bereaved families by working in partnership with local Charity 2 Wish Upon a Star. Together we created a Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) that consisted of a checklist and pathway allowing us to refer relatives for immediate physical and emotional support...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Mahamoud Sama Cherif, Shyam Prakash Dumre, Diénaba Kassé, Fatoumata Cherif, Facély Camara, Alpha Koné, Mandiou Diakité, Mohamed Cisse, Mamadou Pathé Diallo, Edouard Le Gall, Juntra Karbwang, Kenji Hirayama
Elderly people occupy a prominent position in African societies; however, their potential linkage to high case fatality rate (CFR) in Ebola virus disease (EVD) was often overlooked. We describe the predictive factors for EVD lethality in the elderly. A total of 2,004 adults and 309 elderly patients with confirmed EVD were included in the analysis. The median age (interquartile range) was 35 years (23-44) in adults and 65 years (60-70) in the elderly. The proportion of funeral participation was significantly higher in the elderly group than in the adult group...
October 30, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Ying-Fen Tseng, Min-Tao Hsu, Yueh-Tzu Hsieh, Hsiu-Rong Cheng
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the meaning of rituals that women and their families perform after a stillbirth. BACKGROUND: A cultural taboo in Taiwan prohibits discussing death; thus, parents of stillborn babies have no established public mourning or burial ceremonies to perform for their stillborn children. Stillbirths are often treated as if they had never happened. DESIGN: Qualitative descriptive study. METHODS: In-depth interviews, which were transcribed and content analyzed, were conducted with a purposive sample of 16 women discharged from 2 teaching hospitals in Taiwan after they had a stillbirth...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Jaymin C Patel, Josiah George, Jeni Vuong, Caelin C Potts, Catherine Bozio, Thomas A Clark, Jerry Thomas, Joshua Schier, Arthur Chang, Jessica L Waller, Maureen H Diaz, Melissa Whaley, Laurel T Jenkins, Serena Fuller, Desmond E Williams, John T Redd, Ray R Arthur, Fahn Taweh, Yatta Vera Walker, Patrick Hardy, Maxwell Freeman, Victoria Katawera, Gulu Gwesa, Miatta Z Gbanya, Peter Clement, Henry Kohar, Mardia Stone, Mosoka Fallah, Tolbert Nyenswah, Jonas M Winchell, Xin Wang, Lucy A McNamara, E Kainne Dokubo, LeAnne M Fox
On April 25, 2017, a cluster of unexplained illness and deaths among persons who had attended a funeral during April 21-22 was reported in Sinoe County, Liberia (1). Using a broad initial case definition, 31 cases were identified, including 13 (42%) deaths. Twenty-seven cases were from Sinoe County (1), and two cases each were from Grand Bassa and Monsterrado counties, respectively. On May 5, 2017, initial multipathogen testing of specimens from four fatal cases using the Taqman Array Card (TAC) assay identified Neisseria meningitidis in all specimens...
October 27, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
John Doedeh, Joseph Asamoah Frimpong, Kwuakuan D M Yealue, Himiede W Wilson, Youhn Konway, Samson Q Wiah, Vivian Doedeh, Umaru Bao, George Seneh, Lawrence Gorwor, Sylvester Toe, Emmanuel Ghartey, Lawrence Larway, Dedesco Gweh, Philemon Gonotee, Thomas Paasewe, George Tamatai, James Yarkeh, Samuel Smith, Annette Brima-Davis, George Dauda, Thomas Monger, Leleh W Gornor-Pewu, Siafa Lombeh, Jeremias Naiene, Nathaniel Dovillie, Mark Korvayan, Geraldine George, Garrison Kerwillain, Ralph Jetoh, Suzanne Friesen, Carl Kinkade, Victoria Katawera, Maame Amo-Addae, Roseline N George, Miatta Z Gbanya, E Kainne Dokubo
On April 25, 2017, the Sinoe County Health Team (CHT) notified the Liberia Ministry of Health (MoH) and the National Public Health Institute of Liberia of an unknown illness among 14 persons that resulted in eight deaths in Sinoe County. On April 26, the National Rapid Response Team and epidemiologists from CDC, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET) in Liberia were deployed to support the county-led response. Measures were immediately implemented to identify all cases, ascertain the cause of illness, and control the outbreak...
October 27, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
T Berge, J M-S Lubuma, G M Moremedi, N Morris, R Kondera-Shava
We deal with the following question: Can the consumption of contaminated bush meat, the funeral practices and the environmental contamination explain the recurrence and persistence of Ebola virus disease outbreaks in Africa? We develop an SIR-type model which, incorporates both the direct and indirect transmissions in such a manner that there is a provision of Ebola viruses. We prove that the full model has one (endemic) equilibrium which is locally asymptotically stable whereas, it is globally asymptotically stable in the absence of the Ebola virus shedding in the environment...
December 2017: Journal of Biological Dynamics
Mohamed F Jalloh, Susan J Robinson, Jamaica Corker, Wenshu Li, Kathleen Irwin, Alpha M Barry, Paulyne Ngalame Ntuba, Alpha A Diallo, Mohammad B Jalloh, James Nyuma, Musa Sellu, Amanda VanSteelandt, Megan Ramsden, LaRee Tracy, Pratima L Raghunathan, John T Redd, Lise Martel, Barbara Marston, Rebecca Bunnell
Health communication and social mobilization efforts to improve the public's knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) regarding Ebola virus disease (Ebola) were important in controlling the 2014-2016 Ebola epidemic in Guinea (1), which resulted in 3,814 reported Ebola cases and 2,544 deaths.* Most Ebola cases in Guinea resulted from the washing and touching of persons and corpses infected with Ebola without adequate infection control precautions at home, at funerals, and in health facilities (2,3). As the 18-month epidemic waned in August 2015, Ebola KAP were assessed in a survey among residents of Guinea recruited through multistage cluster sampling procedures in the nation's eight administrative regions (Boké, Conakry, Faranah, Kankan, Kindia, Labé, Mamou, and Nzérékoré)...
October 20, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Sheila Jasanoff, Hilton R Simmet
The label 'post-truth' signals for many a troubling turn away from principles of enlightened government. The word 'post', moreover, implies a past when things were radically different and whose loss should be universally mourned. In this paper, we argue that this framing of 'post-truth' is flawed because it is ahistorical and ignores the co-production of knowledge and norms in political contexts. Debates about public facts are necessarily debates about social meanings, rooted in realities that are subjectively experienced as all-encompassing and complete, even when they are partial and contingent...
October 2017: Social Studies of Science
Vegard Skirbekk, Megan Todd, Marcin Stonawski
AIMS: Religious affiliation influences societal practices regarding death and dying, including palliative care, religiously acceptable health service procedures, funeral rites and beliefs about an afterlife. We aimed to estimate and project religious affiliation at the time of death globally, as this information has been lacking. METHODS: We compiled data on demographic information and religious affiliation from more than 2500 surveys, registers and censuses covering 198 nations/territories...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
H E Campbell, J J Kurinczuk, A E P Heazell, J Leal, O Rivero-Arias
OBJECTIVES: To extend previous work and estimate health and social care costs, litigation costs, funeral related costs, and productivity losses associated with stillbirth in the UK. DESIGN: A population-based cost of illness study using a synthesis of secondary data. SETTING: The NHS and wider society in the UK. POPULATION: Stillbirths occurring within a 12-month period and subsequent events occurring over the following two years...
October 16, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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