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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892551/transforming-the-pediatric-experience-the-story-of-child-life
#1
Kia Beickert, Kelsey Mora
During the past century, child life programming has evolved into a standard of care for children experiencing life's most challenging events. From pediatric outpatient clinics and dentists' offices to funeral homes and courtrooms, children are now being provided access to professionals that relieve the anxiety and fear associated with emotional and physical pain. Recognized by the American Academy of Pediatrics, child life specialists focus on the "strengths and sense of well-being of children while promoting their optimal development and minimizing the adverse effects of children's experiences in health care or other potentially stressful settings...
September 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884230/environmental-impacts-caused-by-cemeteries-and-crematoria-new-funeral-technologies-and-preferences-of-the-northeastern-and-southern-brazilian-population-as-for-the-funeral-process
#2
Nicholas Joseph Tavares da Cruz, Álvaro Guillermo Rojas Lezana, Paulo da Cruz Freire Dos Santos, Ibsen Mateus Bittencourt Santana Pinto, Claudio Zancan, Gustavo Henrique Silva de Souza
Cemeteries and crematoria are the main funeral ways used in the world nowadays. It is a little-studied segment in the present days, mainly as for the possible environmental impacts in the environment, such as those derived from dental amalgam, prostheses, and dioxins, among other. This article aimed to identify the environmental impacts caused by cemeteries and crematoria and to point out new trends in funeral processes such as freeze-drying and alkaline hydrolysis. The study is justified due to the large part of the Brazilian population that do not know the environmental impacts caused by cemeteries and crematoria, as well as to bring information about the new processes...
September 7, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845095/school-aged-children-s-experiences-7-and-13-months-following-a-sibling-s-death
#3
Dorothy Brooten, JoAnne M Youngblut
This study described 6-year to 12-year-old children's responses 7 and 13 months after siblings' NICU/PICU/ED death. Using semi-structured interviews, at 7 months, children were asked about events around their sibling's death. At both 7 and 13 months, children were asked about their thoughts and feelings about the deceased, concerns or fears, and life changes since the death. Thirty one children (58% female), recruited from four South Florida hospitals and Florida obituaries, participated. Children's mean age was 8...
April 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832844/capturing-deaths-not-informed-to-the-ministry-of-health-proactive-search-of-deaths-in-brazilian-municipalities
#4
Wanessa da Silva de Almeida, Célia Landmann Szwarcwald, Paulo Germano de Frias, Paulo Roberto Borges de Souza, Raquel Barbosa de Lima, Dácio de Lyra Rabello, Juan José Cortez Escalante
Introduction: The proactive search of deaths is a strategy for capturing events that were not informed to the Mortality Information System of Ministry of Health. Its importance to reduce underreporting of deaths and to evaluate the operation of the information system is widely known. Objective: To describe the methodology and main findings of the Proactive Search of Deaths, 2013, establishing the contribution of different information sources. Methods: The research was carried out in 79 Brazilian municipalities...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830110/elucidating-transmission-patterns-from-internet-reports-ebola-and-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-as-case-studies
#5
REVIEW
Gerardo Chowell, Julie M Cleaton, Cecile Viboud
The paucity of traditional epidemiological data during epidemic emergencies calls for alternative data streams to characterize the key features of an outbreak, including the nature of risky exposures, the reproduction number, and transmission heterogeneities. We illustrate the potential of Internet data streams to improve preparedness and response in outbreak situations by drawing from recent work on the 2014-2015 Ebola epidemic in West Africa and the 2015 Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) outbreak in South Korea...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792359/-i-want-to-go-gently-how-aids-patients-in-ghana-envisage-their-deaths
#6
Fidelia N A Ohemeng, Steve Tonah
This article examines the views of persons living with AIDS about how they want to die and how they are planning for their deaths. Participants for the study were purposefully drawn from an HIV clinic in an urban town in Ghana. In-depth interviews were conducted with 25 persons living with AIDS. Three preferences of death were identified by the participants. These include the desire for a quick death, death at home, and death without emaciating. Planning for death involved attending church and taking care of children...
September 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746380/paleoproteomics-of-the-dental-pulp-the-plague-paradigm
#7
Rémi Barbieri, Rania Mekni, Anthony Levasseur, Eric Chabrière, Michel Signoli, Stéfan Tzortzis, Gérard Aboudharam, Michel Drancourt
Chemical decomposition and fragmentation may limit the detection of ancient host and microbial DNA while some proteins can be detected for extended periods of time. We applied paleoproteomics on 300-year-old dental pulp specimens recovered from 16 individuals in two archeological funeral sites in France, comprising one documented plague site and one documented plague-negative site. The dental pulp paleoproteome of the 16 teeth comprised 439 peptides representative of 30 proteins of human origin and 211 peptides representative of 27 proteins of non-human origin...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740846/the-transmission-chain-analysis-of-2014-2015-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak-in-koinadugu-district-sierra-leone-an-observational-study
#8
Ifeanyi-Stanley Muoghalu, Francis Moses, Ishata Conteh, Patrick Swaray, Anthonia Ajudua, Anders Nordström
INTRODUCTION: Sierra Leone experienced an unprecedented Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in all its districts. Koinadugu District was the last to report an EVD case. Several outbreak response strategies were implemented. As part of lessons learnt, we conducted an observational study to describe the transmission chain in the district and the impact of the control measures implemented to contain the outbreak. METHODS: We reconstructed the transmission chain, positioning both confirmed and probable cases, described the distribution of the EVD confirmed cases in the context of the routes of transmission (Community, Funeral or Health facility setting) and assessed the impact of control measures using the surveillance data collected during the outbreak...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698488/dementia-at-the-end-of-life-and-family-partners-a-symbolic-interactionist-perspective-on-communication
#9
Christopher Johnson, Jordan Kelch, Roxanna Johnson
People with dementia are not dying; they are experiencing changes in the brain. This paper utilizes a symbolic interaction theoretical perspective to outline communicative alternatives to polypharmacy. There is a growing interest in sociological interventions to untangle the "disordered discourses" associated with dementia. Such practices challenge common stigmas attached to dementia as an "ongoing funeral" or "death certificate." Changing the expectations, attitudes and communication patterns of family care partners can positively impact them and the person living with dementia at the end of life...
July 9, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666007/atomic-resolution-studies-detect-new-biologic-evidences-on-the-turin-shroud
#10
Elvio Carlino, Liberato De Caro, Cinzia Giannini, Giulio Fanti
We performed reproducible atomic resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy and Wide Angle X-ray Scanning Microscopy experiments studying for the first time the nanoscale properties of a pristine fiber taken from the Turin Shroud. We found evidence of biologic nanoparticles of creatinine bounded with small nanoparticles of iron oxide. The kind, size and distribution of the iron oxide nanoparticles cannot be dye for painting but are ferrihydrate cores of ferritin. The consistent bound of ferritin iron to creatinine occurs in human organism in case of a severe polytrauma...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661719/supporting-best-practice-for-attending-a-child-s-funeral-as-part-of-our-professional-role-guidelines-for-developing-service-policy
#11
Fiona Finlay, Jackie MacCallam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635449/nursing-care-after-death-in-northern-ireland
#12
Lynne Pearce
Essential facts According to the Registrar General Annual Report, there were 15,548 deaths in Northern Ireland in 2015. Almost two thirds of these were of people aged 75 or over, and almost half occurred in NHS hospitals, with a further 20% in other hospitals or nursing homes. There are significant differences between what happens after death in Northern Ireland and in other UK countries. For example, in Northern Ireland it is common practice to hold a wake, where family and friends come together to view the deceased person in their home...
June 21, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609169/a-gap-analysis-of-the-united-states-death-care-sector-to-determine-training-and-education-needs-pertaining-to-highly-infectious-disease-mitigation-and-management
#13
Aurora B Le, Lesley Witter, Jocelyn J Herstein, Katelyn C Jelden, Elizabeth L Beam, Shawn G Gibbs, John J Lowe
PURPOSE: A United States industry-specific gap analysis survey of the death care sector-which comprises organizations and businesses affiliated with the funeral industry and the handling of human remains- was developed, the results analyzed, and training and education needs in relation to highly infectious disease mitigation and management were explored in an effort to identify where occupational health and safety can be enhanced in this worker population. METHODS: Collaborating national death care organizations distributed the 47-question electronic survey...
September 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598715/responding-to-a-suicide-death-the-role-of-first-responders
#14
Kenneth Norton
Effective response by first responders in the immediate aftermath of a suicide death can play a critical role in reducing risk and promoting healing for family, friends, and the larger community by helping people who are newly bereaved to cope with the immediate crisis, created by the death. They also can lay the foundation for the difficult journey of mourning and healing that must follow. Stressing the importance of a comprehensive and coordinated community response to suicide, this article addresses the principles and practices that are called for in the Guidelines by highlighting four distinct first responder communities: law enforcement and emergency medical services; medical examiners; funeral professionals; and clergy and faith leaders...
June 9, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569196/mathematical-models-for-devising-the-optimal-ebola-virus-disease-eradication
#15
Shuo Jiang, Kaiqin Wang, Chaoqun Li, Guangbin Hong, Xuan Zhang, Menglin Shan, Hongbin Li, Jin Wang
BACKGROUND: The 2014-2015 epidemic of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in West Africa defines an unprecedented health threat for human. METHODS: We construct a mathematical model to devise the optimal Ebola virus disease eradication plan. We used mathematical model to investigate the numerical spread of Ebola and eradication pathways, further fit our model against the real total cases data and calculated infection rate as 1.754. RESULTS: With incorporating hospital isolation and application of medication in our model and analyzing their effect on resisting the spread, we demonstrate the second peak of 10,029 total cases in 23 days, and expect to eradicate EVD in 285 days...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537968/not-always-curing-but-always-caring-an-anesthesiologist-s-perspective-of-attending-a-patient-s-funeral
#16
Katrina Barber, Laurence Weinberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518019/ebola-virus-imported-from-guinea-to-senegal-2014
#17
Daye Ka, Gamou Fall, Viviane Cissé Diallo, Ousmane Faye, Louise Deguenonvo Fortes, Oumar Faye, Elhadji Ibrahim Bah, Kadia Mbaye Diallo, Fanny Balique, Cheikh Tidiane Ndour, Moussa Seydi, Amadou Alpha Sall
In March 2014, the World Health Organization declared an outbreak of Ebola virus disease in Guinea. In August 2014, a case caused by virus imported from Guinea occurred in Senegal, most likely resulting from nonsecure funerals and travel. Preparedness and surveillance in Senegal probably prevented secondary cases.
June 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515847/pacemaker-recycling-a-notion-whose-time-has-come
#18
REVIEW
Mason W Runge, Timir S Baman, Sheldon Davis, Kevin Weatherwax, Ed Goldman, Kim A Eagle, Thomas C Crawford
The purpose of this paper is to summarize the need, feasibility, safety, legality, and ethical perspectives of pacemaker reutilization in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). It will also describe, in-depth, Project My Heart Your Heart (PMHYH) as a model for pacemaker reuse in LMICs. The primary source of the discussion points in this paper is a collection of 14 publications produced by the research team at the University of Michigan and its collaborative partners. The need for pacemaker reutilization in LMICs is evident...
April 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507121/essential-information-uncertainty-and-optimal-control-of-ebola-outbreaks
#19
Shou-Li Li, Ottar N Bjørnstad, Matthew J Ferrari, Riley Mummah, Michael C Runge, Christopher J Fonnesbeck, Michael J Tildesley, William J M Probert, Katriona Shea
Early resolution of uncertainty during an epidemic outbreak can lead to rapid and efficient decision making, provided that the uncertainty affects prioritization of actions. The wide range in caseload projections for the 2014 Ebola outbreak caused great concern and debate about the utility of models. By coding and running 37 published Ebola models with five candidate interventions, we found that, despite this large variation in caseload projection, the ranking of management options was relatively consistent...
May 30, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471309/family-and-funerals-taking-a-relational-perspective
#20
Kate Woodthorpe
This article explores a number of relational features of a contemporary funeral: content, participation, and commercial choice. In so doing, it uses Finch and Mason's concept of reflexive relationalism to show that the contemporary funeral is an event when familial relationships can be (re)affirmed and rejected. This "doing" of family has methodological implications for the future study of funerals and, it is argued here, this necessarily requires the inclusion of class culture.
May 4, 2017: Death Studies
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