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James M Shultz, Janice L Cooper, Florence Baingana, Maria A Oquendo, Zelde Espinel, Benjamin M Althouse, Louis Herns Marcelin, Sherry Towers, Maria Espinola, Clyde B McCoy, Laurie Mazurik, Milton L Wainberg, Yuval Neria, Andreas Rechkemmer
The 2013-2016 West Africa Ebola virus disease pandemic was the largest, longest, deadliest, and most geographically expansive outbreak in the 40-year interval since Ebola was first identified. Fear-related behaviors played an important role in shaping the outbreak. Fear-related behaviors are defined as "individual or collective behaviors and actions initiated in response to fear reactions that are triggered by a perceived threat or actual exposure to a potentially traumatizing event. FRBs modify the future risk of harm...
November 2016: Current Psychiatry Reports
Stefan Tzortzis, Michel Signoli
There are several scenarios regarding how burial sites in archaeological contexts are discovered. We will focus on two scenarios according to the degree of historical knowledge regarding the studied sector. The excavation may be performed in a known funeral place or a highly suspected place (e.g., the interior or immediate exterior space in a religious monument or a parish cemetery). Also, the excavation of unexpected graves or graves discovered by chance may occur in places that had unknown or forgotten funeral purposes...
August 2016: Microbiology Spectrum
Daniel N Qekwana, Cheryl M E McCrindle, James W Oguttu, Delia Grace, Beniamino T Cenci-Goga
Goats are traditionally slaughtered to celebrate marriages and births, venerate ancestors, address personal problems, or perform a ritual during funerals. The objective of this study was to assess nonhuman animal welfare issues associated with the traditional slaughter of goats in and around Pretoria, South Africa. Participatory research methods were used to interview 105 respondents. Four of those interviewed were visited to observe the slaughter process. The most common method of transport was a vehicle (47%), followed by transport on foot (30%)...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
(no author information available yet)
Nurses from Dublin's St James Hospital at the funeral of Valerie Place, the Irish nurse murdered in Somalia last month. Ms Place was working for the humanitarian organisation Concern.
March 17, 1993: Nursing Standard
(no author information available yet)
THE EXTRAORDINARY story of a woman prisoner who was shackled throughout her ten day old baby's funeral service raises serious questions about the inflexibility of the current prison service policy on restraint.
March 6, 1996: Nursing Standard
(no author information available yet)
There is a paucity of studies about nurses' personal experiences of grief, however in Learning Disability Practice, Paul Keenan and Ciara Mac Dermott explore the personal grief of nurses who care for the palliative needs of children with a learning disability. The authors argue that organisations must acknowledge that nurses should be allowed the opportunity to attend funerals for children who die in their care. While the study is small-scale, the research study highlights the need for education and support for nurses in the learning disability sector who care for children and families before and after a child's death...
August 24, 2016: Nursing Standard
Sofia C Zambrano, Anna Chur-Hansen, Gregory B Crawford
The appropriateness of attending a patient's funeral is a medical dilemma. This paper focuses on 437 doctors who participated in an online survey. Seventy-one percent of GPs, 67% of oncologists, 67% of psychiatrists, 63% of palliative medicine specialists, 52% of surgeons, and 22% of intensive care specialists had attended patient funerals. Significant differences in demographics and between specialties were identified in terms of barriers and benefits associated with attendance. While attendance is a personal decision, there is a need for open discussions in medical education and professional development concerning death and the role of doctors after a patient dies...
September 9, 2016: Death Studies
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Nursing New Zealand, Kai Tiaki
Fiona Finlay, Jackie MacCallam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Alexander Morgan Capron, Francis L Delmonico, Beatriz Dominguez-Gil, Dominique Elizabeth Martin, Gabriel M Danovitch, Jeremy Chapman
Governmental and private programs that pay next of kin who give permission for the removal of their deceased relative's organs for transplantation exist in a number of countries. Such payments, which may be given to the relatives or paid directly for funeral expenses or hospital bills unrelated to being a donor, aim to increase the rate of donation. The Declaration of Istanbul Custodian Group-in alignment with the World Health Organization Guiding Principles and the Council of Europe Convention Against Trafficking in Human Organs-has adopted a new policy statement opposing such practices...
September 2016: Transplantation
Jay Levinson, Abraham J Domb
Disaster Victim Identification (DVI) is a triangle, the components of which are secular law, religious law and custom and professional methods. In cases of single non-criminal deaths, identification often rests with a hospital or a medical authority. When dealing with criminal or mass death incidents, the law, in many jurisdictions, assigns identification to the coroner/medical examiner, who typically uses professional methods and only answers the religious requirements of the deceased's next-of-kin according to his personal judgment...
December 2014: Medicine and Law
Giordana Amicucci, Loredana Carboni
They analyzed the data of excavation of eleven Roman necropolis of the territory of the imperial age. The funeral rite most widespread is inhiumation; cremation is generally around 10% of the total sample. The burials are generally primary and single, more rarely bisome or multiple. The body was placed without a specific orientation, almost always supine, with arms either stretched or flexed and lower limbs generally relaxed. Sometimes the body was wrapped in a shroud or in a tight bandage. The state of preservation of the skeletal remains is very variable as influenced by soil type...
2015: Medicina Nei Secoli
(no author information available yet)
New guidance on developing bereavement services is available from the NHS National End of Life Care Programme. The guide sets out the principles of bereavement services and describes bereavement care for patients and their families in the days preceding and at the time of death, and in the days that follow. The guide covers organ donation, post- mortem, death certification and arranging funerals. Go to
March 1, 2012: Nursing Management (Harrow)
M Eroglu, W B Derry
Traditionally, the regulation of apoptosis has been thought of as an autonomous process in which the dying cell dictates its own demise. However, emerging studies in genetically tractable multicellular organisms, such as Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila, have revealed that death is often a communal event. Here, we review the current literature on non-autonomous mechanisms governing apoptosis in multiple cellular contexts. The importance of the cellular community in dictating the funeral arrangements of apoptotic cells has profound implications in development and disease...
July 2016: Cell Death and Differentiation
Ching-Chi Huang, Jih-Yuan Chen, Hsien-Hsien Chiang
BACKGROUND: Despite the recent increase in attention to end-of-life hospice care, little empirical evidence regarding the process of emotional or mental transformation in caregivers is available. PURPOSE: This study explores the transformative process that occurs in nurses because of the spiritual suffering and conflict associated with after caring for dying patients. METHODS: A phenomenological approach was used to investigate eight nurses (27-40 years old) working in the hospice ward of a medical center in Taipei...
June 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
Masahiko Goino
Tetsuo Isogawa was born in Oita in 1852 and in 1879 began working in the Imperial Japanese Pharmaceutical Laboratory (shiyaku-jo) for medicine inspections. The same year, Dr. Tsunekichi Torigata, head of Oita Prefectural School of Medicine recruited him as its chief pharmaceutical officer. After the school's closing in 1889, he was hired as pharmaceutical lieutenant officer of the Oita prefectural government, where he strove to improve chemical and food safety for two decades. Through his work for the government, Isogawa created the modern pharmaceutical system in Oita in the late 19th century...
2015: Yakushigaku Zasshi. the Journal of Japanese History of Pharmacy
Kate Woodthorpe, Hannah Rumble
Situated at the intersection of the Sociology of Death and Sociology of the Family, this paper argues that the organization and funding of funerals is an overlooked and available lens through which to examine cultural and political norms of familial obligation. Drawing on interviews with claimants to the Department for Work and Pensions' Social Fund Funeral Payment, the paper shows how both responsibility for the organization and payment of a funeral is assumed within families, and how at times this can be overridden by the state...
June 2016: British Journal of Sociology
Annette Masuch, Rianne van der Pijl, Lisa Füner, Yochai Wolf, Bart Eggen, Erik Boddeke, Knut Biber
Recent data suggest that ramified microglia fulfil various tasks in the brain. However, to investigate this unique cell type cultured primary microglia are only a poor model. We here describe a method to deplete and repopulate organotypic hippocampal slice cultures (OHSC) with ramified microglia isolated from adult mouse brain creating microglia-replenished OHSC (Mrep-OHSC). Replenished microglia integrate into the tissue and ramify to a degree indistinguishable from their counterparts in the mouse brain. Moreover, wild-type slices replenished with microglia from TNFα-deficient animals provide similar results as OHSC prepared from microglia-specific TNFα-knockout mice (CX3CR1(cre) /TNFα(fl/fl) )...
August 2016: Glia
Vivek Gupta, Abhijit Chandra, Rahul, Manmeet Singh, Peeyush Kumar Shrivastava, Atin Singhai, Bal Krishna Ojha, Girish Chandra, Mohammed Parvez Khan, Sant Pandey, Ravi Kant
INTRODUCTION: Living-related donors are the source of almost all organ transplants in India. However, these donations fall far short of current needs, and there remains a huge disparity between demand and supply of organs. In the last five yr, a consistent increase in deceased donor transplant activity has been observed in some southern Indian states. This report describes our experience of establishing a new deceased donor program in the state of Uttar Pradesh in north India. METHODS: We describe our experience on counseling families of all brain-dead patients admitted to our center from October 2013 to September 2014 and data on retrieving and transplanting organs...
May 2016: Clinical Transplantation
P Cifuentes-Canorea, C Sanz-Pozo, F Sáenz-Francés, E Santos-Bueso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2, 2016: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
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