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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875650/military-genitourinary-trauma-policies-implications-and-ethics
#1
Wendy K Dean, Arthur L Caplan, Brendan Parent
The men and women who serve in the armed forces, in the words of Major General Joseph Caravalho, "sign a blank check, co-signed by their families, payable to the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marines, up to and including their lives." It is human nature to consider such a pact in polarized terms; the pact concludes in either a celebratory homecoming or funereal mourning. But in reality, surviving catastrophic injury may incur the greatest debt. The small but real possibility of losing the ability to bear biological children due to genitourinary combat injury has been a topic of discussion in hushed tones, behind closed doors...
November 2016: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846234/exposure-patterns-driving-ebola-transmission-in-west-africa-a-retrospective-observational-study
#2
Junerlyn Agua-Agum, Archchun Ariyarajah, Bruce Aylward, Luke Bawo, Pepe Bilivogui, Isobel M Blake, Richard J Brennan, Amy Cawthorne, Eilish Cleary, Peter Clement, Roland Conteh, Anne Cori, Foday Dafae, Benjamin Dahl, Jean-Marie Dangou, Boubacar Diallo, Christl A Donnelly, Ilaria Dorigatti, Christopher Dye, Tim Eckmanns, Mosoka Fallah, Neil M Ferguson, Lena Fiebig, Christophe Fraser, Tini Garske, Lice Gonzalez, Esther Hamblion, Nuha Hamid, Sara Hersey, Wes Hinsley, Amara Jambei, Thibaut Jombart, David Kargbo, Sakoba Keita, Michael Kinzer, Fred Kuti George, Beatrice Godefroy, Giovanna Gutierrez, Niluka Kannangarage, Harriet L Mills, Thomas Moller, Sascha Meijers, Yasmine Mohamed, Oliver Morgan, Gemma Nedjati-Gilani, Emily Newton, Pierre Nouvellet, Tolbert Nyenswah, William Perea, Devin Perkins, Steven Riley, Guenael Rodier, Marc Rondy, Maria Sagrado, Camelia Savulescu, Ilana J Schafer, Dirk Schumacher, Thomas Seyler, Anita Shah, Maria D Van Kerkhove, C Samford Wesseh, Zabulon Yoti
BACKGROUND: The ongoing West African Ebola epidemic began in December 2013 in Guinea, probably from a single zoonotic introduction. As a result of ineffective initial control efforts, an Ebola outbreak of unprecedented scale emerged. As of 4 May 2015, it had resulted in more than 19,000 probable and confirmed Ebola cases, mainly in Guinea (3,529), Liberia (5,343), and Sierra Leone (10,746). Here, we present analyses of data collected during the outbreak identifying drivers of transmission and highlighting areas where control could be improved...
November 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845608/the-birth-of-a-multicultural-funeral-home
#3
Yvon van der Pijl
In 2014 the Dutch Funeral Organization Yarden started with the participatory preparations for a multicultural funeral home. The project aims at a 24/7 service for the super-diverse population of Amsterdam and beyond. This article gives an ethnographic account of Yarden's efforts to capture cultural diversity. It explores how a multicultural gaze creates a power/knowledge dynamic producing new discourses and shaping new layers of significance. The study then turns into arguing that the birth of the multicultural home is, above all, a cultural, collaborative search leaving (counter-discursive) space for creativity, change, and cultural renewal of all actors involved...
November 15, 2016: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845606/secularizing-funerary-culture-in-nineteenth-century-belgium-a-product-of-political-and-religious-controversy
#4
Christoph De Spiegeleer, Jeffrey Tyssens
Modern historiography of collective attitudes, practices and conflicts surrounding death often focuses on the institutional history of cemeteries and non-religious funerals in nineteenth-century France. Institutional and cultural discussions concerning funerals and cemeteries also divided nineteenth-century Belgium. This article explores emblematic civil burials and the secularization of cemeteries in major Belgian cities. The article distinguishes different dimensions of the secularization of death and highlights the particular nature of Belgian funerary conflicts and burial reform within a broader European context...
November 15, 2016: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834010/three-saints-with-deformed-extremities-in-an-italian-renaissance-altarpiece
#5
W R Albury, G M Weisz
A fifteenth-century Florentine altarpiece painted by the Pollaiuolo brothers, Antonio (1433-1498) and Piero (1443-1496), shows three saints with evident deformities of the hands and feet. The pathologies concerned are tentatively identified, and various rationales for their presence in the painting are discussed. Of particular importance is the location of the altarpiece in a chapel which houses the tomb of the Cardinal of Portugal, Prince James of Lusitania (1433-1459). It is argued that both the artistic style of the day and the religious symbolism of the Cardinal's funeral chapel contributed to the artists' decision to portray the saints with deformities...
November 11, 2016: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823840/identification-of-the-potent-toxin-bongkrekic-acid-in-a-traditional-african-beverage-linked-to-a-fatal-outbreak
#6
Travis M Falconer, Sara E Kern, Jennifer L Brzezinski, James A Turner, Brian L Boyd, Jonathan J Litzau
In January 2015, 75 people died and 177 were hospitalized in the Mozambique village of Chitima after attending a funeral. The deaths were linked to the consumption of a traditional African beverage called pombe. Samples of the suspect pombe were subjected to myriad analyses and compared to a control sample. Ultimately, non-targeted liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry screening revealed the presence of the potent toxin bongkrekic acid, and its structural isomer, isobongkrekic acid. Quantitative analysis found potentially fatal levels of these toxins in the suspect pombe samples...
October 23, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816330/men-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-and-end-of-life-planning
#7
David Abbott, Helen Prescott, Karen Forbes, James Fraser, Anirban Majumdar
There is very limited evidence about the views of men with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and end of life issues including death and dying. Studies have shown the physiological and psychological benefits of talking about and planning for end of life. Despite policy documents and guidance in the UK about end of life planning, there is consensus on the need for improvement. The study reported here is a qualitative one with 15 men with DMD (aged 20-45 years). Participants could not recall any significant conversations with clinicians about end of life and assumed that clinicians were reluctant to discuss the issue...
September 28, 2016: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784275/the-impact-of-active-surveillance-and-health-education-on-an-ebola-virus-disease-cluster-kono-district-sierra-leone-2014-2015
#8
Tasha Stehling-Ariza, Alexander Rosewell, Sahr A Moiba, Brima Berthalomew Yorpie, Kai David Ndomaina, Kai Samuel Jimissa, Eva Leidman, Dingeman J Rijken, Colin Basler, James Wood, Dumbuya Manso
BACKGROUND: During December 2014-February 2015, an Ebola outbreak in a village in Kono district, Sierra Leone, began following unsafe funeral practices after the death of a person later confirmed to be infected with Ebola virus. In response, disease surveillance officers and community health workers, in collaboration with local leadership and international partners, conducted 1 day of active surveillance and health education for all households in the village followed by ongoing outreach...
October 27, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739026/the-role-of-fear-related-behaviors-in-the-2013-2016-west-africa-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak
#9
James M Shultz, Janice L Cooper, Florence Baingana, Maria A Oquendo, Zelde Espinel, Benjamin M Althouse, Louis Herns Marcelin, Sherry Towers, Maria Espinola, Clyde B McCoy, Laurie Mazurik, Milton L Wainberg, Yuval Neria, Andreas Rechkemmer
The 2013-2016 West Africa Ebola virus disease pandemic was the largest, longest, deadliest, and most geographically expansive outbreak in the 40-year interval since Ebola was first identified. Fear-related behaviors played an important role in shaping the outbreak. Fear-related behaviors are defined as "individual or collective behaviors and actions initiated in response to fear reactions that are triggered by a perceived threat or actual exposure to a potentially traumatizing event. FRBs modify the future risk of harm...
November 2016: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726769/characterization-of-the-funeral-groups-associated-with-plague-epidemics
#10
Stefan Tzortzis, Michel Signoli
There are several scenarios regarding how burial sites in archaeological contexts are discovered. We will focus on two scenarios according to the degree of historical knowledge regarding the studied sector. The excavation may be performed in a known funeral place or a highly suspected place (e.g., the interior or immediate exterior space in a religious monument or a parish cemetery). Also, the excavation of unexpected graves or graves discovered by chance may occur in places that had unknown or forgotten funeral purposes...
August 2016: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712104/assessment-of-welfare-issues-during-traditional-slaughter-of-goats-in-pretoria-south-africa
#11
Daniel N Qekwana, Cheryl M E McCrindle, James W Oguttu, Delia Grace, Beniamino T Cenci-Goga
Goats are traditionally slaughtered to celebrate marriages and births, venerate ancestors, address personal problems, or perform a ritual during funerals. The objective of this study was to assess nonhuman animal welfare issues associated with the traditional slaughter of goats in and around Pretoria, South Africa. Participatory research methods were used to interview 105 respondents. Four of those interviewed were visited to observe the slaughter process. The most common method of transport was a vehicle (47%), followed by transport on foot (30%)...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27657956/-unknown-title
#12
(no author information available yet)
Nurses from Dublin's St James Hospital at the funeral of Valerie Place, the Irish nurse murdered in Somalia last month. Ms Place was working for the humanitarian organisation Concern.
March 17, 1993: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644359/-unknown-title
#13
(no author information available yet)
THE EXTRAORDINARY story of a woman prisoner who was shackled throughout her ten day old baby's funeral service raises serious questions about the inflexibility of the current prison service policy on restraint.
March 6, 1996: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641600/acknowledging-personal-grief
#14
(no author information available yet)
There is a paucity of studies about nurses' personal experiences of grief, however in Learning Disability Practice, Paul Keenan and Ciara Mac Dermott explore the personal grief of nurses who care for the palliative needs of children with a learning disability. The authors argue that organisations must acknowledge that nurses should be allowed the opportunity to attend funerals for children who die in their care. While the study is small-scale, the research study highlights the need for education and support for nurses in the learning disability sector who care for children and families before and after a child's death...
August 24, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611349/attending-patient-funerals-practices-and-attitudes-of-australian-medical-practitioners
#15
Sofia C Zambrano, Anna Chur-Hansen, Gregory B Crawford
The appropriateness of attending a patient's funeral is a medical dilemma. This paper focuses on 437 doctors who participated in an online survey. Seventy-one percent of GPs, 67% of oncologists, 67% of psychiatrists, 63% of palliative medicine specialists, 52% of surgeons, and 22% of intensive care specialists had attended patient funerals. Significant differences in demographics and between specialties were identified in terms of barriers and benefits associated with attendance. While attendance is a personal decision, there is a need for open discussions in medical education and professional development concerning death and the role of doctors after a patient dies...
September 9, 2016: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27396045/improving-access-for-wh%C3%A4-nau-to-t%C3%A5-p%C3%A4-paku
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Nursing New Zealand, Kai Tiaki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27355836/should-professionals-attend-the-funeral
#17
Fiona Finlay, Jackie MacCallam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27355820/statement-of-the-declaration-of-istanbul-custodian-group-regarding-payments-to-families-of-deceased-organ-donors
#18
Alexander Morgan Capron, Francis L Delmonico, Beatriz Dominguez-Gil, Dominique Elizabeth Martin, Gabriel M Danovitch, Jeremy Chapman
Governmental and private programs that pay next of kin who give permission for the removal of their deceased relative's organs for transplantation exist in a number of countries. Such payments, which may be given to the relatives or paid directly for funeral expenses or hospital bills unrelated to being a donor, aim to increase the rate of donation. The Declaration of Istanbul Custodian Group-in alignment with the World Health Organization Guiding Principles and the Council of Europe Convention Against Trafficking in Human Organs-has adopted a new policy statement opposing such practices...
September 2016: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351047/religion-and-disaster-victim-identification
#19
Jay Levinson, Abraham J Domb
Disaster Victim Identification (DVI) is a triangle, the components of which are secular law, religious law and custom and professional methods. In cases of single non-criminal deaths, identification often rests with a hospital or a medical authority. When dealing with criminal or mass death incidents, the law, in many jurisdictions, assigns identification to the coroner/medical examiner, who typically uses professional methods and only answers the religious requirements of the deceased's next-of-kin according to his personal judgment...
December 2014: Medicine and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348987/-the-field-anthropology
#20
Giordana Amicucci, Loredana Carboni
They analyzed the data of excavation of eleven Roman necropolis of the territory of the imperial age. The funeral rite most widespread is inhiumation; cremation is generally around 10% of the total sample. The burials are generally primary and single, more rarely bisome or multiple. The body was placed without a specific orientation, almost always supine, with arms either stretched or flexed and lower limbs generally relaxed. Sometimes the body was wrapped in a shroud or in a tight bandage. The state of preservation of the skeletal remains is very variable as influenced by soil type...
2015: Medicina Nei Secoli
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