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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792359/-i-want-to-go-gently-how-aids-patients-in-ghana-envisage-their-deaths
#1
Fidelia N A Ohemeng, Steve Tonah
This article examines the views of persons living with AIDS about how they want to die and how they are planning for their deaths. Participants for the study were purposefully drawn from an HIV clinic in an urban town in Ghana. In-depth interviews were conducted with 25 persons living with AIDS. Three preferences of death were identified by the participants. These include the desire for a quick death, death at home, and death without emaciating. Planning for death involved attending church and taking care of children...
September 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746380/paleoproteomics-of-the-dental-pulp-the-plague-paradigm
#2
Rémi Barbieri, Rania Mekni, Anthony Levasseur, Eric Chabrière, Michel Signoli, Stéfan Tzortzis, Gérard Aboudharam, Michel Drancourt
Chemical decomposition and fragmentation may limit the detection of ancient host and microbial DNA while some proteins can be detected for extended periods of time. We applied paleoproteomics on 300-year-old dental pulp specimens recovered from 16 individuals in two archeological funeral sites in France, comprising one documented plague site and one documented plague-negative site. The dental pulp paleoproteome of the 16 teeth comprised 439 peptides representative of 30 proteins of human origin and 211 peptides representative of 27 proteins of non-human origin...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740846/the-transmission-chain-analysis-of-2014-2015-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak-in-koinadugu-district-sierra-leone-an-observational-study
#3
Ifeanyi-Stanley Muoghalu, Francis Moses, Ishata Conteh, Patrick Swaray, Anthonia Ajudua, Anders Nordström
INTRODUCTION: Sierra Leone experienced an unprecedented Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in all its districts. Koinadugu District was the last to report an EVD case. Several outbreak response strategies were implemented. As part of lessons learnt, we conducted an observational study to describe the transmission chain in the district and the impact of the control measures implemented to contain the outbreak. METHODS: We reconstructed the transmission chain, positioning both confirmed and probable cases, described the distribution of the EVD confirmed cases in the context of the routes of transmission (Community, Funeral or Health facility setting) and assessed the impact of control measures using the surveillance data collected during the outbreak...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698488/dementia-at-the-end-of-life-and-family-partners-a-symbolic-interactionist-perspective-on-communication
#4
Christopher Johnson, Jordan Kelch, Roxanna Johnson
People with dementia are not dying; they are experiencing changes in the brain. This paper utilizes a symbolic interaction theoretical perspective to outline communicative alternatives to polypharmacy. There is a growing interest in sociological interventions to untangle the "disordered discourses" associated with dementia. Such practices challenge common stigmas attached to dementia as an "ongoing funeral" or "death certificate." Changing the expectations, attitudes and communication patterns of family care partners can positively impact them and the person living with dementia at the end of life...
July 9, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666007/atomic-resolution-studies-detect-new-biologic-evidences-on-the-turin-shroud
#5
Elvio Carlino, Liberato De Caro, Cinzia Giannini, Giulio Fanti
We performed reproducible atomic resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy and Wide Angle X-ray Scanning Microscopy experiments studying for the first time the nanoscale properties of a pristine fiber taken from the Turin Shroud. We found evidence of biologic nanoparticles of creatinine bounded with small nanoparticles of iron oxide. The kind, size and distribution of the iron oxide nanoparticles cannot be dye for painting but are ferrihydrate cores of ferritin. The consistent bound of ferritin iron to creatinine occurs in human organism in case of a severe polytrauma...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661719/supporting-best-practice-for-attending-a-child-s-funeral-as-part-of-our-professional-role-guidelines-for-developing-service-policy
#6
Fiona Finlay, Jackie MacCallam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635449/nursing-care-after-death-in-northern-ireland
#7
Lynne Pearce
Essential facts According to the Registrar General Annual Report, there were 15,548 deaths in Northern Ireland in 2015. Almost two thirds of these were of people aged 75 or over, and almost half occurred in NHS hospitals, with a further 20% in other hospitals or nursing homes. There are significant differences between what happens after death in Northern Ireland and in other UK countries. For example, in Northern Ireland it is common practice to hold a wake, where family and friends come together to view the deceased person in their home...
June 21, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609169/a-gap-analysis-of-the-united-states-death-care-sector-to-determine-training-and-education-needs-pertaining-to-highly-infectious-disease-mitigation-and-management
#8
Aurora B Le, Lesley Witter, Jocelyn J Herstein, Katelyn C Jelden, Elizabeth Beam, Shawn G Gibbs, John J Lowe
PURPOSE: A United States industry-specific gap analysis survey of the death care sector-which comprises organizations and businesses affiliated with the funeral industry and the handling of human remains- was developed, the results analyzed, and training and education needs in relation to highly infectious disease mitigation and management were explored in an effort to identify where occupational health and safety can be enhanced in this worker population. METHODS: Collaborating national death care organizations distributed the 47-question electronic survey...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598715/responding-to-a-suicide-death-the-role-of-first-responders
#9
Kenneth Norton
Effective response by first responders in the immediate aftermath of a suicide death can play a critical role in reducing risk and promoting healing for family, friends, and the larger community by helping people who are newly bereaved to cope with the immediate crisis, created by the death. They also can lay the foundation for the difficult journey of mourning and healing that must follow. Stressing the importance of a comprehensive and coordinated community response to suicide, this article addresses the principles and practices that are called for in the Guidelines by highlighting four distinct first responder communities: law enforcement and emergency medical services; medical examiners; funeral professionals; and clergy and faith leaders...
June 9, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569196/mathematical-models-for-devising-the-optimal-ebola-virus-disease-eradication
#10
Shuo Jiang, Kaiqin Wang, Chaoqun Li, Guangbin Hong, Xuan Zhang, Menglin Shan, Hongbin Li, Jin Wang
BACKGROUND: The 2014-2015 epidemic of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in West Africa defines an unprecedented health threat for human. METHODS: We construct a mathematical model to devise the optimal Ebola virus disease eradication plan. We used mathematical model to investigate the numerical spread of Ebola and eradication pathways, further fit our model against the real total cases data and calculated infection rate as 1.754. RESULTS: With incorporating hospital isolation and application of medication in our model and analyzing their effect on resisting the spread, we demonstrate the second peak of 10,029 total cases in 23 days, and expect to eradicate EVD in 285 days...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537968/not-always-curing-but-always-caring-an-anesthesiologist-s-perspective-of-attending-a-patient-s-funeral
#11
Katrina Barber, Laurence Weinberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518019/ebola-virus-imported-from-guinea-to-senegal-2014
#12
Daye Ka, Gamou Fall, Viviane Cissé Diallo, Ousmane Faye, Louise Deguenonvo Fortes, Oumar Faye, Elhadji Ibrahim Bah, Kadia Mbaye Diallo, Fanny Balique, Cheikh Tidiane Ndour, Moussa Seydi, Amadou Alpha Sall
In March 2014, the World Health Organization declared an outbreak of Ebola virus disease in Guinea. In August 2014, a case caused by virus imported from Guinea occurred in Senegal, most likely resulting from nonsecure funerals and travel. Preparedness and surveillance in Senegal probably prevented secondary cases.
June 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515847/pacemaker-recycling-a-notion-whose-time-has-come
#13
REVIEW
Mason W Runge, Timir S Baman, Sheldon Davis, Kevin Weatherwax, Ed Goldman, Kim A Eagle, Thomas C Crawford
The purpose of this paper is to summarize the need, feasibility, safety, legality, and ethical perspectives of pacemaker reutilization in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). It will also describe, in-depth, Project My Heart Your Heart (PMHYH) as a model for pacemaker reuse in LMICs. The primary source of the discussion points in this paper is a collection of 14 publications produced by the research team at the University of Michigan and its collaborative partners. The need for pacemaker reutilization in LMICs is evident...
April 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507121/essential-information-uncertainty-and-optimal-control-of-ebola-outbreaks
#14
Shou-Li Li, Ottar N Bjørnstad, Matthew J Ferrari, Riley Mummah, Michael C Runge, Christopher J Fonnesbeck, Michael J Tildesley, William J M Probert, Katriona Shea
Early resolution of uncertainty during an epidemic outbreak can lead to rapid and efficient decision making, provided that the uncertainty affects prioritization of actions. The wide range in caseload projections for the 2014 Ebola outbreak caused great concern and debate about the utility of models. By coding and running 37 published Ebola models with five candidate interventions, we found that, despite this large variation in caseload projection, the ranking of management options was relatively consistent...
May 30, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471309/family-and-funerals-taking-a-relational-perspective
#15
Kate Woodthorpe
This article explores a number of relational features of a contemporary funeral: content, participation, and commercial choice. In so doing, it uses Finch and Mason's concept of reflexive relationalism to show that the contemporary funeral is an event when familial relationships can be (re)affirmed and rejected. This "doing" of family has methodological implications for the future study of funerals and, it is argued here, this necessarily requires the inclusion of class culture.
May 4, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442086/i-recently-went-to-a-funeral
#16
EDITORIAL
Robert I Golomb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434421/galileo-s-legacy-a-critical-edition-and-translation-of-the-manuscript-of-vincenzo-viviani-s-grati-animi-monumenta
#17
Stefano Gattei
Having been found 'vehemently suspected of heresy' by the Holy Office in 1633, at the time of his death (1642) Galileo's remains were laid to rest in the tiny vestry of a lateral chapel of the Santa Croce Basilica, Florence. Throughout his life, Vincenzo Viviani, Galileo's last disciple, struggled to have his master's name rehabilitated and his banned works reprinted, as well as a proper funeral monument erected. He did not live to see all this come true, but his efforts triggered a mechanism that eventually led to the fulfilment of his wishes...
April 24, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420979/evidence-for-a-selectively-regulated-prioritization-shift-depending-on-walking-situations-in-older-adults
#18
Dina Salkovic, Markus A Hobert, Carolin Bellut, Florian Funer, Sarah Renno, Linda Haertner, Sandra E Hasmann, Jana Staebler, Johanna Geritz, Ulrike Suenkel, Andreas J Fallgatter, Gerhard W Eschweiler, Daniela Berg, Walter Maetzler
Background: Older adults have increased risks of balance issues and falls when walking and performing turns in daily situations. Changes of prioritization during different walking situations associated with dual tasking may contribute to these deficits. The objective of this study was therefore to investigate whether older adults demonstrate changes of prioritization during different walking paths. Methods: In total, 1,054 subjects with an age range from 50 to 83 years were selected from the first follow-up visit of the TREND (Tuebinger evaluation of Risk factors for Early detection of Neurodegenerative Disorders) study...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396472/characterizing-risk-of-ebola-transmission-based-on-frequency-and-type-of-case-contact-exposures
#19
Laura A Skrip, Mosoka P Fallah, Stephen G Gaffney, Rami Yaari, Dan Yamin, Amit Huppert, Luke Bawo, Tolbert Nyenswah, Alison P Galvani
During the initial months of the 2013-2016 Ebola epidemic, rapid geographical dissemination and intense transmission challenged response efforts across West Africa. Contextual behaviours associated with increased risk of exposure included travel to high-transmission settings, caring for sick and preparing the deceased for traditional funerals. Although such behaviours are widespread in West Africa, high-transmission pockets were observed. Superspreading and clustering are typical phenomena in infectious disease outbreaks, as a relatively small number of transmission chains are often responsible for the majority of events...
May 26, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396466/the-contribution-of-biological-mathematical-clinical-engineering-and-social-sciences-to-combatting-the-west-african-ebola-epidemic
#20
REVIEW
Christopher J M Whitty
The tragic West African Ebola epidemic claimed many lives, but would have been worse still if scientific insights from many disciplines had not been integrated to create a strong technical response. Epidemiology and modelling triggered the international response and guided where response efforts were directed; virology, engineering and clinical science helped reduce deaths and transmission in and from hospitals and treatment centres; social sciences were key to reducing deaths from funerals and in the community; diagnostic and operational research made the response more efficient; immunology and vaccine research contributed to the final stages of the epidemic and will help prevent future epidemics...
May 26, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
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