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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141743/prognostic-and-predictive-factors-of-ebola-virus-disease-outcome-in-elderly-people-during-the-2014-outbreak-in-guinea
#1
Mahamoud Sama Cherif, Shyam Prakash Dumre, Diénaba Kassé, Fatoumata Cherif, Facély Camara, Alpha Koné, Mandiou Diakité, Mohamed Cisse, Mamadou Pathé Diallo, Edouard Le Gall, Juntra Karbwang, Kenji Hirayama
Elderly people occupy a prominent position in African societies; however, their potential linkage to high case fatality rate (CFR) in Ebola virus disease (EVD) was often overlooked. We describe the predictive factors for EVD lethality in the elderly. A total of 2,004 adults and 309 elderly patients with confirmed EVD were included in the analysis. The median age (interquartile range) was 35 years (23-44) in adults and 65 years (60-70) in the elderly. The proportion of funeral participation was significantly higher in the elderly group than in the adult group...
October 30, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076210/the-meaning-of-rituals-after-a-stillbirth-a-qualitative-study-of-mothers-with-a-stillborn-baby
#2
Ying-Fen Tseng, Min-Tao Hsu, Yueh-Tzu Hsieh, Hsiu-Rong Cheng
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the meaning of rituals that women and their families perform after a stillbirth. BACKGROUND: A cultural taboo in Taiwan prohibits discussing death; thus, parents of stillborn babies have no established public mourning or burial ceremonies to perform for their stillborn children. Stillbirths are often treated as if they had never happened. DESIGN: Qualitative descriptive study. METHODS: In-depth interviews, which were transcribed and content analyzed, were conducted with a purposive sample of 16 women discharged from 2 teaching hospitals in Taiwan after they had a stillbirth...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073124/rapid-laboratory-identification-of-neisseria-meningitidis-serogroup-c-as-the-cause-of-an-outbreak-liberia-2017
#3
Jaymin C Patel, Josiah George, Jeni Vuong, Caelin C Potts, Catherine Bozio, Thomas A Clark, Jerry Thomas, Joshua Schier, Arthur Chang, Jessica L Waller, Maureen H Diaz, Melissa Whaley, Laurel T Jenkins, Serena Fuller, Desmond E Williams, John T Redd, Ray R Arthur, Fahn Taweh, Yatta Vera Walker, Patrick Hardy, Maxwell Freeman, Victoria Katawera, Gulu Gwesa, Miatta Z Gbanya, Peter Clement, Henry Kohar, Mardia Stone, Mosoka Fallah, Tolbert Nyenswah, Jonas M Winchell, Xin Wang, Lucy A McNamara, E Kainne Dokubo, LeAnne M Fox
On April 25, 2017, a cluster of unexplained illness and deaths among persons who had attended a funeral during April 21-22 was reported in Sinoe County, Liberia (1). Using a broad initial case definition, 31 cases were identified, including 13 (42%) deaths. Twenty-seven cases were from Sinoe County (1), and two cases each were from Grand Bassa and Monsterrado counties, respectively. On May 5, 2017, initial multipathogen testing of specimens from four fatal cases using the Taqman Array Card (TAC) assay identified Neisseria meningitidis in all specimens...
October 27, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072886/rapid-field-response-to-a-cluster-of-illnesses-and-deaths-sinoe-county-liberia-april-may-2017
#4
John Doedeh, Joseph Asamoah Frimpong, Kwuakuan D M Yealue, Himiede W Wilson, Youhn Konway, Samson Q Wiah, Vivian Doedeh, Umaru Bao, George Seneh, Lawrence Gorwor, Sylvester Toe, Emmanuel Ghartey, Lawrence Larway, Dedesco Gweh, Philemon Gonotee, Thomas Paasewe, George Tamatai, James Yarkeh, Samuel Smith, Annette Brima-Davis, George Dauda, Thomas Monger, Leleh W Gornor-Pewu, Siafa Lombeh, Jeremias Naiene, Nathaniel Dovillie, Mark Korvayan, Geraldine George, Garrison Kerwillain, Ralph Jetoh, Suzanne Friesen, Carl Kinkade, Victoria Katawera, Maame Amo-Addae, Roseline N George, Miatta Z Gbanya, E Kainne Dokubo
On April 25, 2017, the Sinoe County Health Team (CHT) notified the Liberia Ministry of Health (MoH) and the National Public Health Institute of Liberia of an unknown illness among 14 persons that resulted in eight deaths in Sinoe County. On April 26, the National Rapid Response Team and epidemiologists from CDC, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET) in Liberia were deployed to support the county-led response. Measures were immediately implemented to identify all cases, ascertain the cause of illness, and control the outbreak...
October 27, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067875/a-simple-mathematical-model-for-ebola-in-africa
#5
T Berge, J M-S Lubuma, G M Moremedi, N Morris, R Kondera-Shava
We deal with the following question: Can the consumption of contaminated bush meat, the funeral practices and the environmental contamination explain the recurrence and persistence of Ebola virus disease outbreaks in Africa? We develop an SIR-type model which, incorporates both the direct and indirect transmissions in such a manner that there is a provision of Ebola viruses. We prove that the full model has one (endemic) equilibrium which is locally asymptotically stable whereas, it is globally asymptotically stable in the absence of the Ebola virus shedding in the environment...
December 2017: Journal of Biological Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049279/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-related-to-ebola-virus-disease-at-the-end-of-a-national-epidemic-guinea-august-2015
#6
Mohamed F Jalloh, Susan J Robinson, Jamaica Corker, Wenshu Li, Kathleen Irwin, Alpha M Barry, Paulyne Ngalame Ntuba, Alpha A Diallo, Mohammad B Jalloh, James Nyuma, Musa Sellu, Amanda VanSteelandt, Megan Ramsden, LaRee Tracy, Pratima L Raghunathan, John T Redd, Lise Martel, Barbara Marston, Rebecca Bunnell
Health communication and social mobilization efforts to improve the public's knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) regarding Ebola virus disease (Ebola) were important in controlling the 2014-2016 Ebola epidemic in Guinea (1), which resulted in 3,814 reported Ebola cases and 2,544 deaths.* Most Ebola cases in Guinea resulted from the washing and touching of persons and corpses infected with Ebola without adequate infection control precautions at home, at funerals, and in health facilities (2,3). As the 18-month epidemic waned in August 2015, Ebola KAP were assessed in a survey among residents of Guinea recruited through multistage cluster sampling procedures in the nation's eight administrative regions (Boké, Conakry, Faranah, Kankan, Kindia, Labé, Mamou, and Nzérékoré)...
October 20, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034796/no-funeral-bells-public-reason-in-a-post-truth-age
#7
Sheila Jasanoff, Hilton R Simmet
The label 'post-truth' signals for many a troubling turn away from principles of enlightened government. The word 'post', moreover, implies a past when things were radically different and whose loss should be universally mourned. In this paper, we argue that this framing of 'post-truth' is flawed because it is ahistorical and ignores the co-production of knowledge and norms in political contexts. Debates about public facts are necessarily debates about social meanings, rooted in realities that are subjectively experienced as all-encompassing and complete, even when they are partial and contingent...
October 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034784/religious-affiliation-at-time-of-death-global-estimates-and-projections
#8
Vegard Skirbekk, Megan Todd, Marcin Stonawski
AIMS: Religious affiliation influences societal practices regarding death and dying, including palliative care, religiously acceptable health service procedures, funeral rites and beliefs about an afterlife. We aimed to estimate and project religious affiliation at the time of death globally, as this information has been lacking. METHODS: We compiled data on demographic information and religious affiliation from more than 2500 surveys, registers and censuses covering 198 nations/territories...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034559/healthcare-and-wider-societal-implications-of-stillbirth-a-population-based-cost-of-illness-study
#9
H E Campbell, J J Kurinczuk, A E P Heazell, J Leal, O Rivero-Arias
OBJECTIVES: To extend previous work and estimate health and social care costs, litigation costs, funeral related costs, and productivity losses associated with stillbirth in the UK. DESIGN: A population-based cost of illness study using a synthesis of secondary data. SETTING: The NHS and wider society in the UK. POPULATION: Stillbirths occurring within a 12-month period and subsequent events occurring over the following two years...
October 16, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019456/introduction-paving-the-old-new-way-from-qing-to-china
#10
Ori Sela
The funeral procession of Sheng Xuanhuai (, 1844-1916) - the renowned Qing scholar-official, financier, and "father of Chinese industrialism" - meandered through the streets of Shanghai on 18 November 1917. The funeral was a grand event, one that was purportedly documented in film, later to be distributed as the first "news short-film" () in China. The North China Herald reported on the event in some detail, at times in rather florid language, and suggested that "the cortege was splendid and impressive, bringing back the days of the Manchu emperors...
September 2017: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977013/bereavement-support-for-family-caregivers-the-gap-between-guidelines-and-practice-in-palliative-care
#11
Samar M Aoun, Bruce Rumbold, Denise Howting, Amanda Bolleter, Lauren J Breen
BACKGROUND: Standards for bereavement care propose that support should be matched to risk and need. However, studies in many countries demonstrate that palliative care services continue to adopt a generic approach in offering support to bereaved families. OBJECTIVE: To identify patterns of bereavement support in palliative care services based upon the experience of bereaved people from a population based survey and in relation to clinical practice guidelines. DESIGN: An anonymous postal survey collected information from clients of six funeral providers in four Australian states (2014-15), 6 to 24 months after the death of their family member or friend, with 1,139 responding...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934370/the-risk-of-sustained-sexual-transmission-of-zika-is-underestimated
#12
Antoine Allard, Benjamin M Althouse, Laurent Hébert-Dufresne, Samuel V Scarpino
Pathogens often follow more than one transmission route during outbreaks-from needle sharing plus sexual transmission of HIV to small droplet aerosol plus fomite transmission of influenza. Thus, controlling an infectious disease outbreak often requires characterizing the risk associated with multiple mechanisms of transmission. For example, during the Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa, weighing the relative importance of funeral versus health care worker transmission was essential to stopping disease spread...
September 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892551/transforming-the-pediatric-experience-the-story-of-child-life
#13
Kia Beickert, Kelsey Mora
During the past century, child life programming has evolved into a standard of care for children experiencing life's most challenging events. From pediatric outpatient clinics and dentists' offices to funeral homes and courtrooms, children are now being provided access to professionals that relieve the anxiety and fear associated with emotional and physical pain. Recognized by the American Academy of Pediatrics, child life specialists focus on the "strengths and sense of well-being of children while promoting their optimal development and minimizing the adverse effects of children's experiences in health care or other potentially stressful settings...
September 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884230/environmental-impacts-caused-by-cemeteries-and-crematoria-new-funeral-technologies-and-preferences-of-the-northeastern-and-southern-brazilian-population-as-for-the-funeral-process
#14
Nicholas Joseph Tavares da Cruz, Álvaro Guillermo Rojas Lezana, Paulo da Cruz Freire Dos Santos, Ibsen Mateus Bittencourt Santana Pinto, Claudio Zancan, Gustavo Henrique Silva de Souza
Cemeteries and crematoria are the main funeral ways used in the world nowadays. It is a little-studied segment in the present days, mainly as for the possible environmental impacts in the environment, such as those derived from dental amalgam, prostheses, and dioxins, among other. This article aimed to identify the environmental impacts caused by cemeteries and crematoria and to point out new trends in funeral processes such as freeze-drying and alkaline hydrolysis. The study is justified due to the large part of the Brazilian population that do not know the environmental impacts caused by cemeteries and crematoria, as well as to bring information about the new processes...
November 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845095/school-aged-children-s-experiences-7-and-13-months-following-a-sibling-s-death
#15
Dorothy Brooten, JoAnne M Youngblut
This study described 6-year to 12-year-old children's responses 7 and 13 months after siblings' NICU/PICU/ED death. Using semi-structured interviews, at 7 months, children were asked about events around their sibling's death. At both 7 and 13 months, children were asked about their thoughts and feelings about the deceased, concerns or fears, and life changes since the death. Thirty one children (58% female), recruited from four South Florida hospitals and Florida obituaries, participated. Children's mean age was 8...
April 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832844/capturing-deaths-not-informed-to-the-ministry-of-health-proactive-search-of-deaths-in-brazilian-municipalities
#16
Wanessa da Silva de Almeida, Célia Landmann Szwarcwald, Paulo Germano de Frias, Paulo Roberto Borges de Souza, Raquel Barbosa de Lima, Dácio de Lyra Rabello, Juan José Cortez Escalante
Introduction: The proactive search of deaths is a strategy for capturing events that were not informed to the Mortality Information System of Ministry of Health. Its importance to reduce underreporting of deaths and to evaluate the operation of the information system is widely known. Objective: To describe the methodology and main findings of the Proactive Search of Deaths, 2013, establishing the contribution of different information sources. Methods: The research was carried out in 79 Brazilian municipalities...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830110/elucidating-transmission-patterns-from-internet-reports-ebola-and-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-as-case-studies
#17
REVIEW
Gerardo Chowell, Julie M Cleaton, Cecile Viboud
The paucity of traditional epidemiological data during epidemic emergencies calls for alternative data streams to characterize the key features of an outbreak, including the nature of risky exposures, the reproduction number, and transmission heterogeneities. We illustrate the potential of Internet data streams to improve preparedness and response in outbreak situations by drawing from recent work on the 2014-2015 Ebola epidemic in West Africa and the 2015 Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) outbreak in South Korea...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792359/-i-want-to-go-gently-how-aids-patients-in-ghana-envisage-their-deaths
#18
Fidelia N A Ohemeng, Steve Tonah
This article examines the views of persons living with AIDS about how they want to die and how they are planning for their deaths. Participants for the study were purposefully drawn from an HIV clinic in an urban town in Ghana. In-depth interviews were conducted with 25 persons living with AIDS. Three preferences of death were identified by the participants. These include the desire for a quick death, death at home, and death without emaciating. Planning for death involved attending church and taking care of children...
September 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746380/paleoproteomics-of-the-dental-pulp-the-plague-paradigm
#19
Rémi Barbieri, Rania Mekni, Anthony Levasseur, Eric Chabrière, Michel Signoli, Stéfan Tzortzis, Gérard Aboudharam, Michel Drancourt
Chemical decomposition and fragmentation may limit the detection of ancient host and microbial DNA while some proteins can be detected for extended periods of time. We applied paleoproteomics on 300-year-old dental pulp specimens recovered from 16 individuals in two archeological funeral sites in France, comprising one documented plague site and one documented plague-negative site. The dental pulp paleoproteome of the 16 teeth comprised 439 peptides representative of 30 proteins of human origin and 211 peptides representative of 27 proteins of non-human origin...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740846/the-transmission-chain-analysis-of-2014-2015-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak-in-koinadugu-district-sierra-leone-an-observational-study
#20
Ifeanyi-Stanley Muoghalu, Francis Moses, Ishata Conteh, Patrick Swaray, Anthonia Ajudua, Anders Nordström
INTRODUCTION: Sierra Leone experienced an unprecedented Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in all its districts. Koinadugu District was the last to report an EVD case. Several outbreak response strategies were implemented. As part of lessons learnt, we conducted an observational study to describe the transmission chain in the district and the impact of the control measures implemented to contain the outbreak. METHODS: We reconstructed the transmission chain, positioning both confirmed and probable cases, described the distribution of the EVD confirmed cases in the context of the routes of transmission (Community, Funeral or Health facility setting) and assessed the impact of control measures using the surveillance data collected during the outbreak...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
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