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Orthopedic injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541083/the-family-environment-predicts-long-term-academic-achievement-and-classroom-behavior-following-traumatic-brain-injury-in-early-childhood
#1
Chelsea M Durber, Keith Owen Yeates, H Gerry Taylor, Nicolay Chertkoff Walz, Terry Stancin, Shari L Wade
OBJECTIVE: This study examined how the family environment predicts long-term academic and behavioral functioning in school following traumatic brain injury (TBI) in early childhood. METHOD: Using a concurrent cohort, prospective design, 15 children with severe TBI, 39 with moderate TBI, and 70 with orthopedic injury (OI) who were injured when they were 3-7 years of age were compared on tests of academic achievement and parent and teacher ratings of school performance and behavior on average 6...
May 25, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538379/unilateral-versus-bilateral-pedicle-screw-fixation-with-posterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-for-lumbar-degenerative-diseases-a-meta-analysis
#2
Huan Liu, Ying Xu, Si-Dong Yang, Tao Wang, Hui Wang, Feng-Yu Liu, Wen-Yuan Ding
BACKGROUND: Both unilateral pedicle screw fixation with posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) and bilateral pedicle screw fixation with PLIF are used to treat lumbar degenerative diseases (LDD). However, which one is a better treatment for LDD remains considerable controversy. Therefore, the focus of this meta-analysis was to assess the merits and shortcomings of efficacy of these 2 surgical procedures for LDD. METHODS: An extensive search of literature was performed in Pubmed/MEDLINE, Embase, CNKI, and WANFANG databases on unilateral versus bilateral pedicle screw fixation with PLIF fusion for LDD, from January 2007 to January 2017 and language was restricted to Chinese or English...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535605/ultrasonography-of-the-ankle-joint
#3
Jung Won Park, Sun Joo Lee, Hye Jung Choo, Sung Kwan Kim, Heui-Chul Gwak, Sung-Moon Lee
Ankle disorders are a relatively common pathological condition, and ankle injuries account for Epub ahead of print approximately 14% of sports-related orthopedic emergency visits. Various imaging modalities can be used to make a diagnosis in cases of ankle pain; however, ultrasound (US) has several benefits for the evaluation of ankle pain, especially in the tendons, ligaments, and nerves of the ankle. The purpose of this article is to review the common causes of ankle pathology, with particular reference to US features...
April 5, 2017: Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533863/management-and-outcome-of-traumatic-brain-injury-patients-at-muhimbili-orthopaedic-institute-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#4
Respicious Boniface, Edwin Rwebugisa Lugazia, Abel Mussa Ntungi, Othman Kiloloma
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain Injuries represents a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and road traffic crashes accounts for a significant proportion of these injuries. However, access to neurosurgical care is poor in low income countries like Tanzania. The aim of this study was to assess the management and outcome of Traumatic brain injury patients at a tertiary level health facility in Tanzania. METHODS: A retrospective observational study of Traumatic brain injury patients attended at Muhimbili Orthopedic Institute between January 2014 and June 2014...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525311/telerehabilitation-of-patients-with-injuries-of-the-lower-extremities
#5
Andriy I Tsvyakh, Andriy J Hospodarskyy
INTRODUCTION: Timely access to orthopedic rehabilitation is an important problem for the Ukrainian healthcare system. The international orthopedic community aims to achieve the best possible outcome for patient care by modifying rehabilitation methods and using telemedicine technology. The theme of this article is to discuss the integration of telemedicine technology in the rehabilitation of patients with injuries of the lower extremities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients were recruited over a 2-year period...
May 19, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520662/anxiety-disorders-in-adults-with-childhood-traumatic-brain-injury-evidence-of-difficulties-more-than-10-years-postinjury
#6
Michelle Albicini, Audrey McKinlay
OBJECTIVE: To explore long-term psychiatric outcomes in individuals with a history of childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI) or orthopedic injury (OI). SETTING: Hospital emergency department, medical admission records and outpatient settings. PARTICIPANTS: There were 95 males (M = 22.78 years, SD = 3.44 years) and 74 females (M = 22.27 years, SD = 3.09 years), 65 with mild TBI (M = 23.25 years, SD = 3.58 years), 61 with moderate-severe TBI (M = 22...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516353/physical-hazard-safety-awareness-among-healthcare-workers-in-tanta-university-hospitals-egypt
#7
Rania M El-Sallamy, Ibrahim Ali Kabbash, Sanaa Abd El-Fatah, Asmaa El-Feky
Hospital workers are exposed to many occupational hazards that may threaten their health and safety. Physical hazards encountered in hospital working environment include temperature, illumination, noise, electrical injuries, and radiation. To assess the awareness of healthcare workers (HCWs) about physical hazards in Tanta university hospitals, this cross-sectional study included 401 HCWs (physicians, nurses, technicians, and workers) from seven departments (general surgery, orthopedics, radiology, ophthalmology, kitchen, incinerator, and laundry)...
May 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513271/college-pitchers-demonstrate-directional-differences-in-shoulder-joint-position-sense-compared-to-controls
#8
John Andrew Badagliacco, Andrew Karduna
CONTEXT: The relationship between overhead throwing and its effect on proprioception is not well understood. It is important to gain a better understanding of how these are related to protect overhead athletes from an increased risk of injury. OBJECTIVE: To investigate proprioceptive alterations in the overhead thrower's shoulder. DESIGN: Cross-Sectional Study. Independent variables are: limb (dominant and non-dominant), group (thrower or control), and target angle...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511727/rejection-sensitivity-as-a-moderator-of-psychosocial-outcomes-following-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury
#9
Emily A Meadows, Keith Owen Yeates, Kenneth H Rubin, H Gerry Taylor, Erin D Bigler, Maureen Dennis, Cynthia A Gerhardt, Kathryn Vannatta, Terry Stancin, Kristen R Hoskinson
OBJECTIVES: The current study examines whether psychosocial outcomes following pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) vary as a function of children's rejection sensitivity (RS), defined as their disposition to be hypersensitive to cues of rejection from peers. METHODS: Children ages 8-13 with a history of severe TBI (STBI, n=16), complicated mild/moderate TBI (n=35), or orthopedic injury (OI, n=49) completed measures assessing self-esteem and RS on average 3.28 years post-injury (SD=1...
May 17, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507966/ipsilateral-hip-and-knee-dislocation-with-open-tibial-fracture-a-case-report-of-a-limb-threatening-injury
#10
Ramesh Perumal, S R Sundararajan, J Vasudeva, S Rajasekaran
INTRODUCTION: Hip or knee dislocations are usually treated as a surgical emergency, but ipsilateral hip and knee dislocation should be considered a dual emergency that must be addressed immediately and reduced at the earliest. We present here the sequence of events and the final functional outcome of one such rare injury manages by us. CASE REPORT: A 22-year-old male was involved in a road traffic accident. He presented to the emergency department in 4 h injury time with painful deformities of the right hip and knee, along with Type I open wound right leg with abnormal mobility suggestive of fracture in the ipsilateral leg...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507965/posterior-hip-dislocation-with-ipsilateral-femoral-head-and-shaft-fracture-using-a-temporary-external-fixator-as-a-method-for-closed-reduction
#11
Abduljabbar Alhammoud, Masson Alnouri, Mahmood Ali Arbash, Abdul Moeen Baco
INTRODUCTION: Complex fractures are increasing because of various traumatic mechanisms. They drift from standard classifications, and their treatment is controversial. Of such cases are hip dislocations with associated fractures of the ipsilateral femur. CASE REPORT: This case report describes the condition of a 30-year-old man involved in a motor vehicle collision. Clinical examination, X-rays, and computed tomography scan revealed a posterior hip dislocation with an ipsilateral femoral head and mid-shaft fractures...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504809/effect-of-lymphedema-treatment-for-management-of-acute-pilon-fractures
#12
John M Whatley, James A Lalonde, Craig C Greene, Kevin B Riche, Danielle M Tatum
Pilon fractures are high-energy injuries that often result in considerable edema and compromise of the soft tissue envelope of the ankle. These injuries are typically staged with an external fixator until the soft tissue is amenable for definitive fixation. This study was conducted to determine the effects of lymphedema treatment for the management of pilon fractures. Patients who underwent open reduction and internal fixation of pilon fractures between 2007 and 2014 at the authors' level II trauma center were identified by Current Procedural Terminology codes indicative of placement of an external fixator (20690) and open reduction and internal fixation of a pilon fracture (27826, 27827, or 27828)...
May 15, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502261/profiles-of-executive-function-across-children-with-distinct-brain-disorders-traumatic-brain-injury-stroke-and-brain-tumor
#13
Gabriel C Araujo, Tanya N Antonini, Vicki Anderson, Kathryn A Vannatta, Christina G Salley, Erin D Bigler, H Gerry Taylor, Cynthia Gerhardt, Kenneth Rubin, Maureen Dennis, Warren Lo, Mark T Mackay, Anne Gordon, Christine Hajek Koterba, Alison Gomes, Mardee Greenham, Keith Owen Yeates
OBJECTIVES: This study examined whether children with distinct brain disorders show different profiles of strengths and weaknesses in executive functions, and differ from children without brain disorder. METHODS: Participants were children with traumatic brain injury (N=82; 8-13 years of age), arterial ischemic stroke (N=36; 6-16 years of age), and brain tumor (N=74; 9-18 years of age), each with a corresponding matched comparison group consisting of children with orthopedic injury (N=61), asthma (N=15), and classmates without medical illness (N=68), respectively...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497984/recovery-of-working-memory-following-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-a-longitudinal-analysis
#14
Stephanie Gorman, Marcia A Barnes, Paul R Swank, Linda Ewing-Cobbs
In a prospective longitudinal study, the trajectory of verbal and visual-spatial working memory (WM) development was examined 2-, 6-, 12-, and 24-months following complicated-mild to severe pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI; n = 55) relative to an orthopedic injury comparison group (n = 47). Individual growth curve modeling revealed an interaction of age, severity, and time for verbal, but not visual-spatial WM. The youngest children with severe TBI had the lowest scores and slowest verbal WM growth...
May 12, 2017: Developmental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497064/the-effect-of-surgical-intervention-for-delayed-cervical-central-cord-syndrome
#15
Yanan Liu, Zongyi Wang, Shaofeng Yang, Huilin Yang, Jun Zou
The authors retrospectively studied 11 patients with delayed cervical central cord syndrome (CCS) to investigate the efficacy of the surgical intervention on treatment for delayed CCS. The American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) motor scores, Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) scores, SF-36 scores, and neurologic status were analyzed preoperatively and at each time point of postoperative follow-up. The results show that patients with reversible spinal cord injury caused by delayed central cord syndrome can recover significantly after surgical intervention...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496410/clinical-applications-of-iso-inertial-eccentric-overload-yoyo%C3%A2-resistance-exercise
#16
REVIEW
Per A Tesch, Rodrigo Fernandez-Gonzalo, Tommy R Lundberg
In the quest for a viable non-gravity dependent method to "lift weights" in space, our laboratory introduced iso-inertial resistance (YoYo™) exercise using spinning flywheel(s), more than 25 years ago. After being thoroughly tested in individuals subjected to various established spaceflight analogs, a multi-mode YoYo™ exercise apparatus was eventually installed on the International Space Station in 2009. The method, applicable to any muscle group, provides accommodated resistance and optimal muscle loading through the full range of motion of concentric actions, and brief episodes of eccentric overload...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492406/routine-computed-tomography-after-recent-operative-exploration-for-penetrating-trauma-what-injuries-do-we-miss
#17
April E Mendoza, Christopher A Wybourn, Anthony G Charles, Andre Campbell, Bruce A Cairns, Margaret M Knudson
BACKGROUND: Patients with penetrating trauma who cannot be stabilized undergo operative intervention without preoperative imaging. In such cases, post-operative imaging may reveal additional injuries not identified during the initial operative exploration. The purpose of this study is to explore the utility of post-operative CT imaging in the setting of penetrating trauma. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of patients with penetrating trauma treated at an urban level 1 trauma center between 2010-2015...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489471/effect-of-the-2011-revisions-to-the-field-triage-guidelines-on-under-and-over-triage-rates-for-pediatric-trauma-patients
#18
E Brooke Lerner, Jeremy T Cushman, Amy L Drendel, Mohamed Badawy, Manish N Shah, Clare E Guse, Arthur Cooper
BACKGROUND: In 2011, revised Field Triage Guidelines were released jointly by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the American College of Surgeons - Committee on Trauma (ACS-COT). It is unknown how the modifications will affect the number of injured children identified by EMS providers as needing transport to a trauma center. OBJECTIVE: To determine the change in under- and over-triage rates when the 2011 Field Triage Guidelines are compared to the 2006 and 1999 versions...
May 10, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488465/surgical-management-of-lower-limb-fractures-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-less-associated-with-complications-than-non-operative-management-a-retrospective-series-of-cases
#19
Alban Fouasson-Chailloux, Raphael Gross, Marc Dauty, Guillaume Gadbled, Sophie Touchais, Marc Le Fort, Brigitte Perrouin-Verbe
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the difference in terms of overall complications between surgical and non-surgical management of lower limb fractures in patients with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: A 13-year retrospective study including patients with chronic spinal cord lesion admitted for sublesional lower limb fractures. SETTING: University hospital SCI reference departments (Rehabilitation department and orthopedic department). PARTICIPANTS: Forty patients with SCI were included, 24 men and 16 women...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485534/assessment-of-thermal-damage-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-using-an-osteocyte-injury-model
#20
Kosaku Kurata, Junpei Matsushita, Atsushi Furuno, Junichi Fujino, Hiroshi Takamatsu
Polymethylmethacrylate bone cement has been widely used for the anchorage of artificial implants in various orthopedic surgeries. Although it is one of the most successful biomaterials in use, excess heat generation intrinsically causes thermal damage to bone cells adjacent to the bone cement. To estimate a risk of thermal injury, a response of bone cells to cement polymerization must be elucidated because of the occurrence of thermal damage. Thermal damage is affected not only by maximal temperature but also by exposure time, temperature history, and cell type...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
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