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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152430/a-dosimetric-comparison-of-intensity-modulated-proton-therapy-volumetric-modulated-arc-therapy-and-4%C3%AF-non-coplanar-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-for-a-patient-with-parameningeal-rhabdomyosarcoma
#1
Tiffany W Chen, Julian Sison, Becky Lee, Arthur J Olch, Andrew Chang, Annelise Giebeler, Kenneth Wong
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is the most common soft tissue sarcoma in children and manifests as two major histological subtypes: embryonal and alveolar. The five-year local failure rate for RMS at parameningeal sites (middle ear, mastoid region, nasal cavity, etc.) is around 17% despite multiple Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study Group (IRS) trials conducted to determine the optimal radiation treatment regimen. This case report explores the use of intensity-modulated proton therapy (IMPT) for a 10-year-old child who presented with left eye irritation, facial pain, and headaches and was found to have an alveolar parameningeal rhabdomyosarcoma...
September 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070622/sepsis-ptosis-an-unusual-diagnosis
#2
Brooke Leigh Powell, Oliver Toby Charles Morgan
The authors present the case of a 19-year old man presenting to the emergency department with a 2-day history of left eye pain and ptosis, facial pain around the maxillae, coryza, headaches and fevers. He had a background of autism, mild learning disability, obsessive-compulsive disorder and asthma. Within the last month, his risperidone and sertraline doses had been increased. Basic observations and investigations suggested sepsis: tachypnoea, sinus tachycardia, fever and a raised white cell count and C reactive protein level...
October 25, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022955/demographic-pattern-and-clinical-characteristics-of-optic-neuritis-in-a-tertiary-eye-care-centre
#3
Manita Sunam Godar, Ananda Kumar Sharma, Madhu Thapa, Sanjeeta Sitaula, Shanti Gurung
PURPOSE: To study the demographic pattern and clinical characteristics of optic neuritis cases in a tertiary eye care centre in Nepal. DESIGN: Descriptive, cross-sectional study. METHODOLOGY: Complete ocular examination was done in all the newly diagnosed cases of optic neuritis presenting from January 1st 2012 to June 30th 2013. Demographic pattern, clinical features, visual acuity, colour vision, contrast sensitivity and visual field defects were studied...
January 2017: Nepalese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970521/pain-outside-the-body-defensive-peripersonal-space-deformation-in-trigeminal-neuralgia
#4
R J Bufacchi, C F Sambo, G Di Stefano, G Cruccu, G D Iannetti
Perception of space has been guiding effective therapeutic interventions in a number of unilateral chronic pain conditions. However little is known about how trigeminal neuralgia (TN), a condition in which trigeminal stimulation triggers paroxysmal facial pain, affects defensive peripersonal space (DPPS), the portion of space surrounding the body within which defensive responses are enhanced. Given that TN is unilateral, in TN patients the DPPS of the face might not be horizontally symmetric as in pain-free individuals, but instead larger around the affected side...
October 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956325/representational-momentum-in-dynamic-facial-expressions-is-modulated-by-the-level-of-expressed-pain-amplitude-and-direction-effects
#5
Elise Prigent, Michel-Ange Amorim, Armando Mónica de Oliveira
Humans have developed a specific capacity to rapidly perceive and anticipate other people's facial expressions so as to get an immediate impression of their emotional state of mind. We carried out two experiments to examine the perceptual and memory dynamics of facial expressions of pain. In the first experiment, we investigated how people estimate other people's levels of pain based on the perception of various dynamic facial expressions; these differ both in terms of the amount and intensity of activated action units...
September 27, 2017: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844160/the-nature-of-eeg-reactivity-to-light-sound-and-pain-stimulation-in-neurosurgical-comatose-patients-evaluated-by-a-quantitative-method
#6
Birger Johnsen, Kristoffer B Nøhr, Christophe H V Duez, Mads Q Ebbesen
EEG reactivity (EEG-R) is regarded as an important parameter in coma prognosis but knowledge is sparse on the nature of EEG changes due to different kinds of stimulation and their prognostic significance. EEG-R was quantified in a study of 39 comatose neurosurgical patients. Six 30-second standardized visual, auditory, and painful stimulations were applied. EEG-R in the delta, theta, alpha, and beta band was normalized in z-scores as the power of a stimulation epoch relative to average power of 6 resting epochs...
November 2017: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience: Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820152/back-pain-in-ophthalmology-national-survey-of-indian-ophthalmologists
#7
Ramesh Venkatesh, Sumit Kumar
PURPOSE: The aim is to assess the prevalence, severity, and associations of back pain among Indian ophthalmologists. METHODS: A self-reporting questionnaire was sent to ophthalmologists with valid e-mail addresses registered with the All India Ophthalmological Society. The survey was open for responses for 2 months. RESULTS: A total of 651 (5.96%) responses were obtained; 394 (61%) males and 257 (39%) females. Half (50%) of responses were obtained from doctors belonging to 31-40 years' age group...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555271/delayed-onset-post-craniotomy-headache-responsive-to-botulinum-toxin-a-a-case-series
#8
Danièle Ranoux, Gaëlle Martiné, Gaëlle Espagne, Henri Salle, François Caire
We report here the case of four patients presenting with delayed-onset temporal pain after pterional craniotomy. They reported similar symptoms: attacks of pain over the temporal region, ipsilateral to the operative site, irradiating around the eye and lasting from 10 min to 1 h. All patients had hypertrophy of at least one part of the temporalis muscle. All responded dramatically to botulinum toxin A injection (25 to 50 Botox® units) into the temporalis muscle. We suggest that the headaches were caused by aberrant nerve regeneration following surgical injury to the frontal branch of the facial nerve...
August 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342559/-senegalese-experience-with-acute-viral-conjunctivitis
#9
A S Sow, H Kane, A M Ka, F T Hanne, J M M Ndiaye, J-P Diagne, M Nguer, S Sow, Y Saheli, E H M Sy, M E De Meideros Quenum, P A Ndoye Roth, E A Ba, P A Ndiaye
PURPOSE: To study the epidemiological and clinical aspects of acute enteroviral and adenoviral conjunctivitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted between January 1st and October 31st, 2015, jointly between two Ophthalmology services and a virology laboratory, which identified 51 patients. Were included all patients who presented a painful red eye without loss of visual acuity associated with secretions,evolving for less than 4weeks RESULTS: The mean age was 32 years, and the sex ratio 1:1...
April 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328595/hemorrhage-and-infarction-of-the-conjunctiva-and-orbit-in-essential-thrombocythemia
#10
Jaehoon Na, Soo Youn Choi, Sehyun Baek, Hwa Lee
An 82-year-old woman who had a history of essential thrombocythemia presented with ocular pain, bleeding, and decreased visual acuity of the left eye. Orbital computed tomography revealed a relatively well-defined homogenous mass-like lesion in the left subconjunctival and intraconal space. Conjunctival biopsy showed acute inflammation with necrosis, vascular ectasia with thrombosis and hemorrhage. After the treatment with hydroxyurea and anagrelide, her symptom and lesion were markedly improved. Hematologic disorders like essential thrombocythemia should be considered in patients with severe spontaneous bleeding around the eye...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138054/bites-by-the-monocled-cobra-naja-kaouthia-in-chittagong-division-bangladesh-epidemiology-clinical-features-of-envenoming-and-management-of-70-identified-cases
#11
M A Faiz, M F Ahsan, A Ghose, M R Rahman, R Amin, M Hossain, M N U Tareq, M A Jalil, U Kuch, R D G Theakston, D A Warrell, J B Harris
AbstractWe describe 70 cases of monocled cobra (Naja kaouthia) bite admitted to Chittagong Medical College Hospital, Bangladesh. The biting snakes were identified by examining the dead snake and/or detecting N. kaouthia venom antigens in patients' serum. Bites were most common in the early morning and evening during the monsoon (May-July). Ligatures were routinely applied to the bitten limb before admission. Thirty-seven patients consulted traditional healers, most of whom made incisions around the bite site...
April 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118668/short-wavelength-light-blocking-eyeglasses-attenuate-symptoms-of-eye-fatigue
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jonathan B Lin, Blair W Gerratt, Carl J Bassi, Rajendra S Apte
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether subjects who wear short wavelength-blocking eyeglasses during computer tasks exhibit less visual fatigue and report fewer symptoms of visual discomfort than subjects wearing eyeglasses with clear lenses. Methods: A total of 36 healthy subjects (20 male; 16 female) was randomized to wearing no-block, low-blocking, or high-blocking eyeglasses while performing a 2-hour computer task. A masked grader measured critical flicker fusion frequency (CFF) as a metric of eye fatigue and evaluated symptoms of eye strain with a 15-item questionnaire before and after computer use...
January 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931130/exposures-to-traditional-automatic-dishwashing-tablets-and-a-comparison-with-exposures-to-soluble-film-tablets-reported-to-the-united-kingdom-national-poisons-information-service-2008-2015
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Rachael Day, Michael Eddleston, Simon H L Thomas, John P Thompson, J Allister Vale
INTRODUCTION: Traditional automatic dishwashing tablets are contained within an external wrapper that requires removal prior to use. OBJECTIVE: To determine the toxicity of traditional tablets and to compare this with our previously reported experience of soluble film dishwashing tablets. METHODS: Telephone enquiries regarding traditional tablets were analysed retrospectively for the period January 2008 to December 2015. RESULTS: Traditional tablets: There were 503 enquiries relating to 492 patients who had been exposed to a traditional tablet...
March 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815230/ocular-dirofilariasis-by-dirofilaria-immitis-in-a-child-in-iran-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Hadi Mirahmadi, Alireza Maleki, Raheleh Hasanzadeh, Mohammad Bagher Ahoo, Iraj Mobedi, Ali Rostami
This report describes a rare case of ophthalmic dirofilariasis in a 2-year-old boy with redness, irritation, pain and foreign body sensation in the right eye. Slit lamp examination demonstrated a thread-like whitish nematode in the anterior chamber of the right eye that twisted around itself. The nematode worm (35mm long and 150-200μm width) was removed surgically. The presence of the smooth cuticular surface without longitudinal ridges and the vulva showed that it could be a female Diroflaria immitis. PCR amplification was done to verify the Diroflaria species...
February 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794405/robot-assisted-surgery-for-lung-cancer-state-of-the-art-and-perspectives
#15
REVIEW
Giulia Veronesi, Pierluigi Novellis, Emanuele Voulaz, Marco Alloisio
The robotic surgical system is the result of a long process of development aimed at producing a natural extension of the surgeon's eyes and hands via the intermediation of a computer. In this way, the ease of movement obtained with open surgery is summated with the advantages of the minimally invasive technique. Since 2000, when the first robotic system for surgery was introduced, robot-assisted thoracic surgery (RATS) has been adopted by an increasing number of centres around the world, and today is used in ∼10% of lobectomies in the US...
November 2016: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793206/mog-igg-in-nmo-and-related-disorders-a-multicenter-study-of-50-patients-part-2-epidemiology-clinical-presentation-radiological-and-laboratory-features-treatment-responses-and-long-term-outcome
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Sven Jarius, Klemens Ruprecht, Ingo Kleiter, Nadja Borisow, Nasrin Asgari, Kalliopi Pitarokoili, Florence Pache, Oliver Stich, Lena-Alexandra Beume, Martin W Hümmert, Marius Ringelstein, Corinna Trebst, Alexander Winkelmann, Alexander Schwarz, Mathias Buttmann, Hanna Zimmermann, Joseph Kuchling, Diego Franciotta, Marco Capobianco, Eberhard Siebert, Carsten Lukas, Mirjam Korporal-Kuhnke, Jürgen Haas, Kai Fechner, Alexander U Brandt, Kathrin Schanda, Orhan Aktas, Friedemann Paul, Markus Reindl, Brigitte Wildemann
BACKGROUND: A subset of patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) has been shown to be seropositive for myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibodies (MOG-IgG). OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiological, clinical, radiological, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and electrophysiological features of a large cohort of MOG-IgG-positive patients with optic neuritis (ON) and/or myelitis (n = 50) as well as attack and long-term treatment outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective multicenter study...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688077/reinnervation-of-rat-endometrium-in-the-anterior-eye-chamber-model-of-experimental-endometriosis-old-methods-for-new-questions
#17
Patricia Silveira, Camila Texidor-Frugoni, Gaby F Martínez, M Mónica Brauer
Endometriosis is a benign estrogen-dependent chronic gynecological disease characterized by the presence of endometrial-like tissue outside the uterine cavity. In both women and experimental endometriotic rats, endometriosis lesions endow autonomic and sensory nerves, which are thought to contribute to the disease-associated pain. Some evidence indicates that the reinnervation of lesions is regulated by factors produced by the endometrial tissue as well as by environmental factors from the peritoneum. In this study, we examined the reinnervation of the rat endometrial tissue in an ectopic environment different from the peritoneum employing the anterior eye chamber model of experimental endometriosis...
December 2016: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27503824/-effective-microvascular-decompression-of-the-trigeminal-nerve-in-a-patient-with-sunct
#18
Shoji Kikui, Jun-Ichi Miyahara, Hanako Sugiyama, Yoshihiro Kashiwaya, Takao Takeshima
A 43-year-old man presented with severe, saw-tooth pattern pain around the right eye that started with conjunctival injection, lacrimation and nasal discharge, lasting for about 1 hour, 4 months after the initial onset of lancinating pain in the same area. The patient was diagnosed with SUNCT (short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with conjunctival injection and tearing) according to the International Classification of Headache Disorders 3rd edition (beta version). The symptoms improved in 2 months but recurred 6 months later...
August 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489676/isolated-fibrous-dysplasia-of-the-ethmoid-sinus
#19
Alper Yenigun, Servet Akyuz
Fibrous dysplasia is a benign fibro-osseous lesion progressing with one or more bone involvements in the skeleton. Even though it is a benign tumor, it may potentially transform into a malignant one. While the most frequently involved zones in the head-neck zone include the maxilla, mandible, parietal, occipital, and temporal zones, the involvement of the ethmoid bone is rather rare. This article presents the case of a female patient who was diagnosed with fibrous dysplasia in the right ethmoid sinus based on the paranasal computerized tomography scan that was taken due to the symptoms of pain around the right eye, pressure, and a feeling of being pushed...
2015: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474094/neuroimaging-in-the-diagnostic-evaluation-of-eye-pain
#20
REVIEW
Gabriella Szatmáry
Ocular or eye pain is a frequent complaint encountered not only by eye care providers but neurologists. Isolated eye pain is non-specific and non-localizing; therefore, it poses significant differential diagnostic problems. A wide range of neurologic and ophthalmic disorders may cause pain in, around, or behind the eye. These include ocular and orbital diseases and primary and secondary headaches. In patients presenting with an isolated and chronic eye pain, neuroimaging is usually normal. However, at the beginning of a disease process or in low-grade disease, the eye may appear "quiet," misleading a provider lacking familiarity with underlying disorders and high index of clinical suspicion...
September 2016: Current Pain and Headache Reports
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