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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815230/ocular-dirofilariasis-by-dirofilaria-immitis-in-a-child-in-iran-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Hadi Mirahmadi, Alireza Maleki, Raheleh Hasanzadeh, Mohammad Bagher Ahoo, Iraj Mobedi, Ali Rostami
This report describes a rare case of ophthalmic dirofilariasis in a 2-year-old boy with redness, irritation, pain and foreign body sensation in the right eye. Slit lamp examination demonstrated a thread-like whitish nematode in the anterior chamber of the right eye that twisted around itself. The nematode worm (35mm long and 150-200μm width) was removed surgically. The presence of the smooth cuticular surface without longitudinal ridges and the vulva showed that it could be a female Diroflariaimmitis. PCR amplification was done to verify the Diroflaria species...
November 1, 2016: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794405/robot-assisted-surgery-for-lung-cancer-state-of-the-art-and-perspectives
#2
REVIEW
Giulia Veronesi, Pierluigi Novellis, Emanuele Voulaz, Marco Alloisio
The robotic surgical system is the result of a long process of development aimed at producing a natural extension of the surgeon's eyes and hands via the intermediation of a computer. In this way, the ease of movement obtained with open surgery is summated with the advantages of the minimally invasive technique. Since 2000, when the first robotic system for surgery was introduced, robot-assisted thoracic surgery (RATS) has been adopted by an increasing number of centres around the world, and today is used in ∼10% of lobectomies in the US...
November 2016: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793206/mog-igg-in-nmo-and-related-disorders-a-multicenter-study-of-50-patients-part-2-epidemiology-clinical-presentation-radiological-and-laboratory-features-treatment-responses-and-long-term-outcome
#3
Sven Jarius, Klemens Ruprecht, Ingo Kleiter, Nadja Borisow, Nasrin Asgari, Kalliopi Pitarokoili, Florence Pache, Oliver Stich, Lena-Alexandra Beume, Martin W Hümmert, Marius Ringelstein, Corinna Trebst, Alexander Winkelmann, Alexander Schwarz, Mathias Buttmann, Hanna Zimmermann, Joseph Kuchling, Diego Franciotta, Marco Capobianco, Eberhard Siebert, Carsten Lukas, Mirjam Korporal-Kuhnke, Jürgen Haas, Kai Fechner, Alexander U Brandt, Kathrin Schanda, Orhan Aktas, Friedemann Paul, Markus Reindl, Brigitte Wildemann
BACKGROUND: A subset of patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) has been shown to be seropositive for myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibodies (MOG-IgG). OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiological, clinical, radiological, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and electrophysiological features of a large cohort of MOG-IgG-positive patients with optic neuritis (ON) and/or myelitis (n = 50) as well as attack and long-term treatment outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective multicenter study...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688077/reinnervation-of-rat-endometrium-in-the-anterior-eye-chamber-model-of-experimental-endometriosis-old-methods-for-new-questions
#4
Patricia Silveira, Camila Texidor-Frugoni, Gaby F Martínez, M Mónica Brauer
Endometriosis is a benign estrogen-dependent chronic gynecological disease characterized by the presence of endometrial-like tissue outside the uterine cavity. In both women and experimental endometriotic rats, endometriosis lesions endow autonomic and sensory nerves, which are thought to contribute to the disease-associated pain. Some evidence indicates that the reinnervation of lesions is regulated by factors produced by the endometrial tissue as well as by environmental factors from the peritoneum. In this study, we examined the reinnervation of the rat endometrial tissue in an ectopic environment different from the peritoneum employing the anterior eye chamber model of experimental endometriosis...
September 23, 2016: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27503824/-effective-microvascular-decompression-of-the-trigeminal-nerve-in-a-patient-with-sunct
#5
Shoji Kikui, Jun-Ichi Miyahara, Hanako Sugiyama, Yoshihiro Kashiwaya, Takao Takeshima
A 43-year-old man presented with severe, saw-tooth pattern pain around the right eye that started with conjunctival injection, lacrimation and nasal discharge, lasting for about 1 hour, 4 months after the initial onset of lancinating pain in the same area. The patient was diagnosed with SUNCT (short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with conjunctival injection and tearing) according to the International Classification of Headache Disorders 3rd edition (beta version). The symptoms improved in 2 months but recurred 6 months later...
August 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489676/isolated-fibrous-dysplasia-of-the-ethmoid-sinus
#6
Alper Yenigun, Servet Akyuz
Fibrous dysplasia is a benign fibro-osseous lesion progressing with one or more bone involvements in the skeleton. Even though it is a benign tumor, it may potentially transform into a malignant one. While the most frequently involved zones in the head-neck zone include the maxilla, mandible, parietal, occipital, and temporal zones, the involvement of the ethmoid bone is rather rare. This article presents the case of a female patient who was diagnosed with fibrous dysplasia in the right ethmoid sinus based on the paranasal computerized tomography scan that was taken due to the symptoms of pain around the right eye, pressure, and a feeling of being pushed...
2015: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474094/neuroimaging-in-the-diagnostic-evaluation-of-eye-pain
#7
REVIEW
Gabriella Szatmáry
Ocular or eye pain is a frequent complaint encountered not only by eye care providers but neurologists. Isolated eye pain is non-specific and non-localizing; therefore, it poses significant differential diagnostic problems. A wide range of neurologic and ophthalmic disorders may cause pain in, around, or behind the eye. These include ocular and orbital diseases and primary and secondary headaches. In patients presenting with an isolated and chronic eye pain, neuroimaging is usually normal. However, at the beginning of a disease process or in low-grade disease, the eye may appear "quiet," misleading a provider lacking familiarity with underlying disorders and high index of clinical suspicion...
September 2016: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27433040/purtscher-like-retinopathy-in-acute-alcoholic-pancreatitis
#8
Nitin Nema, Saba Ishrat, Abha Verma, Manoj Kela
A 23-year-old man with a history of alcoholism presented with vomiting, fever, and sharp epigastric pain radiating to the back and flanks. He was diagnosed as a case of acute alcoholic pancreatitis on the basis of clinical findings and investigations. On the next day of presentation, he developed sudden bilateral visual loss. His best-corrected visual acuity was finger counting at one-foot distance in both eyes. He had diffuse whitening in the circumpapillary area, haloes around the retinal vessels (Purtscher flecken) and intra-retinal hemorrhages on ophthalmoscopic examination...
May 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27402586/dermatomyositis-as-a-paraneoplastic-phenomenon-in-ovarian-cancer
#9
Ilyas Arshad, Desmond Barton
A 60-year-old woman diagnosed with papillary serous ovarian cancer had Klean-Prep and MRI contrast preoperatively. Afterwards, she developed swelling and an urticarial rash around her eye as she proceeded to have planned debulking surgery. Postoperatively the swelling and rash had spread over her face, neck, back and chest. Dermatology advised a possible allergy to Klean-Prep and MRI contrast. Subsequently over the next few months, the patient became severely debilitated from proximal myopathy of the upper and lower limbs, suffered severe pain restricting mobility and small bowel obstruction...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27239453/uveal-melanoma-mimicking-advanced-coats-disease-in-a-young-patient
#10
Naina Gupta, William Terrell, Lynn Schoenfield, Claudia Kirsch, Colleen M Cebulla
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To report a case and the unique histopathology of a necrotic uveal melanoma mimicking advanced Coats' disease in a young adult. METHOD: A 26-year-old male presented with a blind, painful eye, total exudative retinal detachment, and bulbous aneurysms consistent with Coats' disease. No masses were visualized on ultrasound or CT scan, and the patient underwent enucleation of the eye. RESULTS: Histopathology of the involved eye confirmed a necrotic uveal melanoma with persistent spindle cells forming a collar around residual tumor vessels...
April 2016: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27171820/case-of-primary-intraocular-lymphoma-with-extraocular-extension
#11
Maki Kuro, Kayako Matsuyama, Masato Matsuoka, Ryo Kosaki, Nobuaki Shikata, Tetsuya Nishimura, Kanji Takahashi
PURPOSE: To describe a case of primary intraocular lymphoma (PIOL) with an extension through the sclera that was confirmed to be part of the PIOL by histopathological examinations. CASE: An 89-year-old woman was referred to a local clinic with a 1-year history of persistent blurred vision in her left eye. After 2 years without aggressive treatments, she had a marked reduction of vision and pain in her left eye. The clinical diagnosis was panophthalmitis, and the eye was enucleated and submitted for histopathological study...
December 2015: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27103973/first-report-of-acute-postoperative-endophthalmitis-caused-by-rothia-mucilaginosa-after-phacoemulsification
#12
Pablo Álvarez-Ramos, Amparo Del Moral-Ariza, José M Alonso-Maroto, Pilar Marín-Casanova, José M Calandria-Amigueti, Manuel Rodríguez-Iglesias, Enrique Rodríguez de la Rúa
We aimed at reporting the first case of rapidly progressive acute postoperative endophthalmitis after phacoemulsification cataract surgery in an immunocompetent patient caused by Rothia mucilaginosa. An immunocompetent patient manifested endophthalmitis signs 48 hours after an uncomplicated cataract surgery by phacoemulsification. A bacteria of the family Micrococcaceae was cultured in the vitreous biopsy, namely R. mucilaginosa. The patient did not show a favorable clinical response after vitrectomy and systemic, intravitreal, and topical fortified antibiotics...
March 21, 2016: Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27064823/significant-improvement-in-crow-s-feet-after-treatment-with-jet-m-and-a-mixed-solution-of-copper-ghk-oligo-hyaluronic-acid-rhodiolar-extract-tranexamic-acid-and-%C3%AE-glucan-ghr-formulation
#13
Sang-Young Byun, Je-Byeong Chae, Jung-Im Na, Kyoung-Chan Park
Jet-M (Tav-Tech Ltd., Israel) is an instrument for skin resurfacing. When it sprays microdroplets of solution or shoots air on the skin, exfoliation and stretching of superficial layers can occur. Thus, it will increase percutaneous absorption of vitamins and other cosmetic agents. A cosmetic preparation containing copper-glycyl-L-histidyl-L-lysine, oligo-hyaluronic acid, rhodiolar extract, tranexamic acid, and β-glucan was used with Jet-M in one patient. Anesthesia was not administered and there was no pain during the treatment...
October 2016: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27046038/orbital-plasmacytoma-mimicking-an-orbital-abscess
#14
David J Russell, Stuart R Seiff
An 83-year-old male with a 15-month history of multiple myeloma presented with acute onset of swelling, redness, and pain around his right eye. CT scan was consistent with an orbital abscess. The patient was taken to the operating room for drainage of the orbital abscess. Abnormal tissue was encountered intraoperatively so biopsies were taken. His cultures grew only one colony of coagulase-negative Staphylococcus aureus. The histopathology from the biopsies showed a CD-138 positive plasma cell neoplasia consistent with a plasmacytoma...
April 4, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27021534/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-orofacial-pain-in-university-students
#15
Sonja Smiljic, Sladjana Savic, Jasmina Stevanovic, Mirjana Kostic
This cross-sectional study investigated the characteristics and prevalence of orofacial pain, and its associations with sociodemographic characteristics, in 319 university students: 188 second-year students in the Medical Faculty and 131 students in the Faculty of Technical Sciences at the University of Kosovska Mitrovica. A specially designed questionnaire was used to assess the prevalence and characteristics of pain. Among the 319 students, 101 (32%) reported previous orofacial pain, and pain was more frequent among women (P < 0...
2016: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26747211/ocular-inflammation-induces-trigeminal-pain-peripheral-and-central-neuroinflammatory-mechanisms
#16
Pierre-Serge Launay, Elodie Reboussin, Hong Liang, Karima Kessal, David Godefroy, William Rostene, Jose-Alain Sahel, Christophe Baudouin, Stéphane Melik Parsadaniantz, Annabelle Reaux Le Goazigo
Ocular surface diseases are among the most frequent ocular pathologies, with prevalence ranging from 20% of the general population. In addition, ocular pain following corneal injury is frequently observed in clinic. The aim of the study was to characterize the peripheral and central neuroinflammatory process in the trigeminal pathways in response to cornea alteration induced by chronic topical instillations of 0.2% benzalkonium chloride (BAC) in male C57BL/6J mice. In vitro BAC induced neurotoxicity and increases neuronal (FOS, ATF3) and pro-inflammatory (IL-6) markers in primary mouse trigeminal ganglion culture...
April 2016: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26746839/loa-loa-in-the-vitreous-cavity-of-the-eye
#17
Bhagabat Nayak, Subijay Sinha, Lipika Nayak
A 25-year-old man presented with painful diminution of vision (20/160), accompanied by redness, pain and floaters, over a period of 2 weeks, in his left eye. On examination, the anterior segment revealed moderate inflammation. Posterior segment examination showed a grade one vitreous haze with a fairly long live worm moving around in a haphazard and relentless manner throughout the vitreous cavity. The media was slightly hazy due to corneal oedema. The worm was clearly visible in the fundus photo taken. So we planned the patient for vitrectomy, and removal of the worm was performed under steroid cover...
January 8, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26742414/-metoclopramide-induced-acute-dystonia-during-intravenous-patient-controlled-analgesia-with-droperidol
#18
Kotoe Kamata, Emi Takahashi, Nobutada Morioka, Keiko Nakashima, Motoyo Iwade, Makoto Ozaki
A patient developed acute dystonia following intravenous administration of metocroplamide 20 mg. A 34-year-old woman underwent right hepatectomy, under general anesthesia managed with desflurane, remifentanil, and rocuronium. At the start of surgery, droperidol 1.5 mg was given intravenously for anti-emetic prophylaxis. Operation was completed uneventfully. Intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (i.v.-PCA) with fentanyl, containing droperidol, was selected for postoperative pain management The patient showed a reasonable postoperative course; however, around 15 hours post-operatively, she complained of nausea, although droperidol 2...
October 2015: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26735237/blue-laser-induced-retinal-injury-in-a-commercial-pilot-at-1300-ft
#19
Daniel B Gosling, John B O'Hagan, Fahd M Quhill
BACKGROUND: We report what may be the first evidence-based report of a retinal laser injury to a pilot during commercial flight from a laser device on the ground. Given the significant subjective (blind spot) and objective evidence of focal retinal damage, coupled with the distance involved, we suspect the laser had a radiant power of several watts, known to be injurious to the human retina. CASE REPORT: An airline pilot presented to our department complaining of a blind spot in the upper left area of his visual field in the right eye (right supero-nasal scotoma) following exposure to a laser beam while performing a landing maneuver of a commercial aircraft...
January 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26693653/-transepithelial-iontophoresis-corneal-collagen-cross-linking-for-progressive-keratoconus-one-year-results
#20
Zhirong Lin, Huping Wu, Shunrong Luo, Zhaosheng Liu, Nuo Dong, Xumin Shang, Xuezhi Li
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the early clinical results of keratoconic eyes treated with transepithelial iontophoresis corneal collagen cross-linking (i-CXL) within 1 year. METHODS: Propective nonrandomized study. Twenty-three eyes of 23 patients with progressive keratoconus with minimum corneal thickness from 380 µm to 420 µm (including the epithelium) were included in this prospective, nonrandomized clinical study and treated with i-CXL. Scoring of pain and foreign body sensation, slit lamp examination, uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) and best corrected distance visual acuity (BCVA), corneal topography, anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT), in vivo corneal confocal microscopy and endothelial cell count were assessed before surgery and at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months (m) postoperatively...
September 2015: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
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