keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Proton Pump Inhibitors Increase Risk

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429247/a-review-of-the-novel-application-and-potential-adverse-effects-of-proton-pump-inhibitors
#1
REVIEW
Li-Yuan Yu, Lu-Ning Sun, Xue-Hui Zhang, Yue-Qi Li, Lei Yu, Zi-Qing-Yun Yuan, Ling Meng, Hong-Wen Zhang, Yong-Qing Wang
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are known as a class of pharmaceutical agents that target H(+)/K(+)-ATPase, which is located in gastric parietal cells. PPIs are widely used in the treatment of gastric acid-related diseases including peptic ulcer disease, erosive esophagitis and gastroesophageal reflux disease, and so on. These drugs present an excellent safety profile and have become one of the most commonly prescribed drugs in primary and specialty care. Except for gastric acid-related diseases, PPIs can also be used in the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection, viral infections, respiratory system diseases, cancer and so on...
April 20, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420003/retrospective-analysis-of-the-risk-factors-for-grade-iv-neutropenia-in-oesophageal-cancer-patients-treated-with-a-docetaxel-cisplatin-and-5-fluorouracil-regimen
#2
Masahito Naito, Tomoya Yamamoto, Chikao Shimamoto, Yoshihiro Miwa
BACKGROUND: Previous Japanese trials of the docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil regimen for oesophageal cancer have demonstrated that a large proportion of patients also develop grade IV neutropenia. Our aim was to examine the risk factors for neutropenia in patients treated with this regimen. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed the risk factors for developing grade IV neutropenia in 66 patients with oesophageal cancer using a multivariate analysis. RESULTS: After administering the docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil regimen, 49 patients (74...
April 19, 2017: Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403034/national-study-of-off-label-proton-pump-inhibitor-use-among-new-zealand-infants-in-the-first-year-of-life-2005-2012
#3
Mei-Ling Blank, Lianne Parkin
OBJECTIVE: Off-label prescribing of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) to infants to treat symptoms attributed to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is widely reported, despite evidence that PPIs are no more effective than placebo in relieving those symptoms. To initiate discussion about appropriate prescribing of these drugs for infants, we describe the characteristics of PPI use among infants in New Zealand. METHODS: In this population-based study we used routinely collected dispensing data to identify all children born between 2005 and 2012 who were dispensed a government-subsidized PPI (omeprazole, lansoprazole, pantoprazole) before their first birthday...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397874/proton-pump-inhibitor-use-and-the-risk-of-first-time-ischemic-stroke-in-the-general-population-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#4
Yen-Feng Wang, Yung-Tai Chen, Jiing-Chyuan Luo, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Jaw-Ching Wu, Shuu-Jiun Wang
OBJECTIVES: An increased risk of adverse cardiovascular events was reported for concomitant use of proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) in patients taking antiplatelet agents. The present study aimed at determining whether PPI use alone could be associated with first-time ischemic stroke. METHODS: This was a retrospective nationwide study using database from Taiwan National Health Insurance and involved subjects aged ≥20 years. In propensity score-matched analysis, patients with current PPI use were compared with propensity score-matched PPI non-use controls at a 1:1 ratio...
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394433/outcomes-associated-with-reducing-the-urine-alkalinization-threshold-in-patients-receiving-high-dose-methotrexate
#5
Sarah A Drost, Jason R Wentzell, Pierre Giguere, Darcy L McLurg, Mitchell Sabloff, Salmaan Kanji, Tiffany T Nguyen
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Urine alkalinization increases methotrexate solubility and reduces the risk of nephrotoxicity. The objectives of this study were to determine whether a reduction in the urine pH threshold from 8 to 7 in patients receiving high-dose methotrexate (HDMTX) results in a shorter length of hospital stay, delayed methotrexate clearance, or higher rates of nephrotoxicity; and to determine whether specific factors were associated with prolonged methotrexate clearance. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study...
April 10, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393826/-possibilities-of-ph-impedance-and-high-resolution-manometry-in-managing-patients-with-refractory-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#6
I V Maev, E V Barkalova, M A Ovsepyan, Yu A Kucheryavyi, D N Andreev
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common condition that has a substantial impact on quality of life in patients and is a leading risk factor for esophageal adenocarcinoma. Now therapy with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) is a basic method in the treatment of patients with GERD; however, one third of the patients do not respond to the therapy used. The causes of refractory GERD are a fairly large group of heterogeneous factors contributing to the inefficacy of PPIs in adequate dosage. Among these factors, there is low compliance by patients to the prescribed treatment regimen; nocturnal acid breakthrough; СУР2С19 gene polymorphism; chiasm syndrome with functional diseases of the gastrointestinal tract; non-acidic refluxes in a patient; thoracic esophageal motility disorders; the increased number and duration of transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation periods; hiatus hernia; and misdiagnosis...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382327/proton-pump-inhibitor-is-a-risk-factor-for-recurrence-of-common-bile-duct-stones-after-endoscopic-sphincterotomy-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#7
Nobuhiko Fukuba, Shunji Ishihara, Hiroki Sonoyama, Noritsugu Yamashita, Masahito Aimi, Yoshiyuki Mishima, Tsuyoshi Mishiro, Hiroshi Tobita, Koutarou Shibagaki, Naoki Oshima, Ichiro Moriyama, Kousaku Kawashima, Tatsuya Miyake, Norihisa Ishimura, Shuichi Sato, Yoshikazu Kinoshita
Background and study aims Recurrence of common bile duct stones (CBDS) in patients treated with endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) can lead to deterioration in their quality of life. Although the pathology and related factors are unclear, we speculated that proton pump inhibiter (PPI) administration increases the risk of CBDS recurrence by altering the bacterial mixture in the bile duct. Patients and methods The primary endpoint of this retrospective study was recurrence-free period. Several independent variables considered to have a relationship with CBDS recurrence including PPI use were analyzed using a COX proportional hazard model, with potential risk factors then evaluated by propensity score matching analysis...
April 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370742/evaluation-of-drug-related-problems-in-older-polypharmacy-primary-care-patients
#8
Sandra Vezmar Kovačević, Branislava Miljković, Milica Ćulafić, Milena Kovačević, Bojana Golubović, Marija Jovanović, Katarina Vučićević, Johan J de Gier
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Targeting older patients with predictive factors for drug-related problems (DRPs) could make clinical medication reviews more cost-effective. The aim of this study was to identify the number, type, and potential predictive factors for DRPs in older polypharmacy patients. METHODS: Community pharmacists performed clinical medication reviews and documented DRPs, types of interventions, and their implementation in older patients. RESULTS: Three hundred eighty-eight medication reviews were analyzed, 964 DRPs (average 2...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363584/upper-gastrointestinal-toxicity-associated-with-long-term-aspirin-therapy-consequences-and-prevention
#9
Carl J Lavie, Colin W Howden, James Scheiman, James Tursi
Antiplatelet therapy represents a fundamental part of preventive management for patients who are at risk of a secondary cardiovascular disease (CVD) event. In most cases, the antiplatelet regimen is based on low-dose aspirin, a drug that is highly effective in reducing the incidence of CVD events, but is associated with a substantial risk of gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity. The dyspeptic symptoms, which can result from aspirin administration, and which may occur with or without associated ulceration and bleeding, may lead patients to discontinue therapy, thus increasing their CVD risk...
May 2017: Current Problems in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361278/cost-effectiveness-of-gastroprotection-with-proton-pump-inhibitors-in-older-low-dose-acetylsalicylic-acid-users-in-the-netherlands
#10
Sek Hung Chau, Reinier L Sluiter, Wietske Kievit, Michel Wensing, Martina Teichert, Jacqueline G Hugtenburg
PURPOSE: The present study aimed to assess the cost effectiveness of concomitant proton pump inhibitor (PPI) treatment in low-dose acetylsalicylic acid (LDASA) users at risk of upper gastrointestinal (UGI) adverse effects as compared with no PPI co-medication with attention to the age-dependent influence of PPI-induced adverse effects. METHODS: We used a Markov model to compare the strategy of PPI co-medication with no PPI co-medication in older LDASA users at risk of UGI adverse effects...
March 30, 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350791/acid-suppressing-therapies-and-subsite-specific-risk-of-stomach-cancer
#11
E Christina M Wennerström, Jacob Simonsen, M Constanza Camargo, Charles S Rabkin
BACKGROUND: Associations of stomach cancer risk with histamine type-2 receptor antagonists (H2RA) and proton-pump inhibitors (PPI) are controversial. We hypothesised that proximal extension of Helicobacter pylori infection from acid suppression would disproportionately increase cancers at proximal subsites. METHODS: A total of 1 563 860 individuals in the Danish Prescription Drug Registry first prescribed acid-suppressive drugs 1995-2011 were matched to unexposed population-based controls...
March 28, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350746/perceived-stress-as-a-risk-factor-for-dyspepsia-a-register-based-cohort-study
#12
Ulrik Deding, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Henrik Bøggild
OBJECTIVE: Dyspepsia is a common condition and has a huge impact on quality of life and working capacity, but its causes are not well understood. An association between stress and dyspepsia has been debated for decades, but the issue has not been resolved. We examined the 3-year risk of redeeming a proton-pump inhibitor or an H2-receptor antagonist as a proxy of dyspepsia according to the level of perceived stress. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Perceived stress was measured in a general health survey of 16 124 Danes aged older than 16 years of age in 2010 using Cohen's Perceived Stress Scale...
May 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346595/association-of-gastric-acid-suppression-with-recurrent-clostridium-difficile-infection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Raseen Tariq, Siddharth Singh, Arjun Gupta, Darrell S Pardi, Sahil Khanna
Importance: Gastric acid suppression has been associated with an increased risk of primary Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), but the risk of recurrent CDI in patients taking gastric acid suppressant medications is unclear. Objective: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the association between gastric acid suppressants and recurrent CDI. Data Sources: MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register, the Cochrane Database, and Web of Science were searched from January 1, 1995, to September 30, 2015, for studies assessing the association between gastric acid suppressant exposure and recurrent CDI...
March 27, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339835/the-association-between-proton-pump-inhibitor-use-and-the-risk-of-adverse-kidney-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Surapon Nochaiwong, Chidchanok Ruengorn, Ratanaporn Awiphan, Kiatkriangkrai Koyratkoson, Chayutthaphong Chaisai, Kajohnsak Noppakun, Wilaiwan Chongruksut, Kednapa Thavorn
Background: Existing epidemiological studies illustrate that proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) may be related to adverse kidney outcomes. To date, no comprehensive meta-analysis has been conducted to evaluate and quantify this association. Methods: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies to assess the association between PPI use and the risk of adverse kidney outcomes. We searched MEDLINE, Embase, SCOPUS, Web of Science, CINAHL, Cochrane Library and grey literature with no language restrictions (through 31 October 2016)...
February 23, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325163/proton-pump-inhibitors-as-a-risk-factor-for-norovirus-infection
#15
C Prag, M Prag, H Fredlund
Norovirus causes viral gastroenteritis, which is a major problem in health care. The disease causes death in elderly and seriously ill patients, and results in significant health costs each year. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) reduce gastric acidity, which is an important protection against microorganisms. We hypothesised that treatment with PPIs increases the risk of contracting norovirus infection. This has not previously been studied. The study was a retrospective case-control study, in which 192 hospitalised patients positive for norovirus in Örebro County, Sweden, were identified as cases...
March 22, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321840/association-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-usage-with-risk-of-pneumonia-in-dementia-patients
#16
Sai-Wai Ho, Ying-Hock Teng, Shun-Fa Yang, Han-Wei Yeh, Yu-Hsun Wang, Ming-Chih Chou, Chao-Bin Yeh
OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between usages of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and subsequent risk of pneumonia in dementia patients. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Taiwanese National Health Insurance Research Database. PARTICIPANTS: The study cohort consisted of 786 dementia patients with new PPI usage and 786 matched dementia patients without PPI usage. MEASUREMENTS: The study endpoint was defined as the occurrence of pneumonia...
March 21, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321159/proton-pump-inhibitor-induced-collagen-expression-in-colonocytes-is-associated-with-collagenous-colitis
#17
Shiori Mori, Yui Kadochi, Yi Luo, Rina Fujiwara-Tani, Yukiko Nishiguchi, Shingo Kishi, Kiyomu Fujii, Hitoshi Ohmori, Hiroki Kuniyasu
AIM: To elucidate the role of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) in collagenous disease, direct effect of PPI on colonocytes was examined. METHODS: Collagenous colitis is a common cause of non-bloody, watery diarrhea. Recently, there has been increasing focus on the use of proton PPIs as a risk factor for developing collagenous colitis. Mouse CT26 colonic cells were treated with PPI and/or PPI-induced alkaline media. Expression of fibrosis-associated genes was examined by RT-PCR...
March 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319162/risk-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-patients-with-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#18
Wei-Yi Lei, Jen-Hung Wang, Shu-Hui Wen, Chih-Hsun Yi, Jui-Sheng Hung, Tso-Tsai Liu, William C Orr, Chien-Lin Chen
OBJECTIVE: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common disease which can cause troublesome symptoms and affect quality of life. In addition to esophageal complications, GERD may also be a risk factor for extra-esophageal complications. Both GERD and coronary artery disease (CAD) can cause chest pain and frequently co-exist. However, the association between GERD and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remain unclear. The purpose of the study was to compare the incidence of acute myocardial infarction in GERD patients with an age-, gender-, and comorbidity matched population free of GERD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301676/deprescribing-versus-continuation-of-chronic-proton-pump-inhibitor-use-in-adults
#19
REVIEW
Taline A Boghossian, Farah Joy Rashid, Wade Thompson, Vivian Welch, Paul Moayyedi, Carlos Rojas-Fernandez, Kevin Pottie, Barbara Farrell
BACKGROUND: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are a class of medications that reduce acid secretion and are used for treating many conditions such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), dyspepsia, reflux esophagitis, peptic ulcer disease, and hypersecretory conditions (e.g. Zollinger-Ellison syndrome), and as part of the eradication therapy for Helicobacter pylori bacteria. However, approximately 25% to 70% of people are prescribed a PPI inappropriately. Chronic PPI use without reassessment contributes to polypharmacy and puts people at risk of experiencing drug interactions and adverse events (e...
March 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291036/potential-mechanisms-of-hematological-adverse-drug-reactions-in-patients-receiving-clozapine-in-combination-with-proton-pump-inhibitors
#20
Michał Wiciński, Mateusz M Węclewicz, Mateusz Miętkiewicz, Bartosz Malinowski, Elżbieta Grześk, Joanna Klonowska
Clozapine is a second-generation antipsychotic which has proven efficacy in treating the symptoms of schizophrenia. Although clozapine therapy is associated with a number of adverse drug reactions, it is frequently used. One of the most common adverse drug reactions is gastroesophageal reflux disease which is an indication for treatment with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). Coadministration of clozapine and PPIs increases the risk of hematological adverse drug reactions, including neutropenia and agranulocytosis...
March 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
keyword
keyword
119228
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"