keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Healthy life

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457707/peripheral-neurostimulation-breaks-the-shuffling-steps-patterns-in-parkinsonian-gait-a-double-blind-randomized-longitudinal-study-with-automated-mechanical-peripheral-stimulation
#1
Manuela Galli, Caterina Vicidomini, Ana F Rozin Kleiner, Laura Vacca, Veronica Cimolin, Claudia Condoluci, Fabrizio Stocchi, Maria F DE Pandis
BACKGROUND: The shuffling steps pattern is a typical feature of gait in patients affected by Parkinson's Disease (PD), which progressively reduces their quality of life, being related to the risk of falls in this population. Recently, Automated Mechanical Peripheral Stimulation (AMPS) was presented as an integrative rehabilitative treatment based on peripheral stimulation able to improve the gait spatiotemporal parameters in PD patients. AIM: To evaluate the effects of AMPS on shuffling steps pattern by analyzing the kinematic and spatio-temporal gait parameters...
February 19, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457204/prevention-and-management-of-childhood-obesity
#2
Aashima Dabas, Anju Seth
Childhood obesity has been recognized as a global pandemic. Preventive strategies have proven to be the most effective public health intervention in curbing this pandemic. A multi-component approach involving dietary modification and advocacy for a healthy lifestyle comprising of regular physical activity, minimizing screen time and behavioral interventions have been found beneficial in preventing obesity. A life-cycle approach has been recommended where preventive interventions go as far back as affecting maternal, fetal and early childhood nutrition and lifestyle...
February 19, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456987/effects-of-streptokinase-and-normal-saline-on-the-incidence-of-intra-abdominal-adhesion-1-week-and-1-month-after-laparotomy-in-rats
#3
Ali Hosseini, Sima Akhavan, Maziar Menshaei, Awat Feizi
Background: Intra-abdominal adhesions after surgery are usually in the form of bands and can annoy the patient throughout life causing repeated surgical procedures. Therefore, any action to prevent adhesions after surgery can increase longevity and quality of life. For this aim, this study investigates the effect of streptokinase and normal saline on the 7th day and 1 month after laparotomy. Materials and Methods: Experimental study was conducted on thirty healthy male Wistar rats weighing 200-250 g with age of 3 months divided into three groups of 10...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456514/right-frontotemporal-cortex-mediates-the-relationship-between-cognitive-insight-and-subjective-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#4
Shenghong Pu, Kazuyuki Nakagome, Masashi Itakura, Hiroaki Ohtachi, Masaaki Iwata, Izumi Nagata, Koichi Kaneko
Although prior studies identified a relationship between cognitive insight and subjective quality of life (QOL) in patients with schizophrenia, the brain regions mediating this relationship remain unknown. Recent studies have shown that the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex may be particularly important for cognitive insight in individuals with schizophrenia. Here, we examined whether frontotemporal function mediates the relationship between cognitive insight and QOL in 64 participants, including 32 patients with schizophrenia and 32 healthy controls...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456302/impact-of-mandibular-third-molar-extraction-in-the-second-molar-periodontal-status-a-prospective-study
#5
Paulo Eduardo Melo Stella, Saulo Gabriel Moreira Falci, Lorrayne Estéfane Oliveira de Medeiros, Dhelfeson Willya Douglas-de-Oliveira, Patricia Furtado Gonçalves, Olga Dumont Flecha, Cássio Roberto Rocha Dos Santos
Aim: The aim of the present study was to assess the periodontal condition and sensitivity of second mandibular molars after the extraction of the adjacent third molar, while also assessing the quality of life of the patients. Materials and Methods: Twenty-three healthy patients were assessed in terms of probing depth, gingival height, gingival thickness, dental sensitivity, plaque index and bleeding on probing (adjacent second mandibular molar), before the surgical procedure, as well as 60 and 180 days after the surgery...
July 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455900/heart-rate-variability-is-associated-with-psychosocial-stress-in-distinct-social-domains
#6
Alexander Lischke, Robert Jacksteit, Anett Mau-Moeller, Rike Pahnke, Alfons O Hamm, Matthias Weippert
OBJECTIVE: Psychosocial stress is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Accordingly, there is a growing interest in biomarkers that indicate whether individuals show adaptive (i.e., stress-buffering and health-promoting) or maladaptive (i.e., stress-escalating and health-impairing) stress reactions in social contexts. As heart rate variability (HRV) has been suggested to be a biomarker of adaptive behavior during social encounters, it may be possible that inter-individual differences in HRV are associated with inter-individual differences regarding stress in distinct social domains...
March 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455895/childhood-trauma-and-resilience-in-psoriatic-patients-a-preliminary-report
#7
Maria Luigia Crosta, Clara De Simone, Salvatore Di Pietro, Mariateresa Acanfora, Giacomo Caldarola, Lorenzo Moccia, Antonino Callea, Isabella Panaccione, Ketty Peris, Lucio Rinaldi, Luigi Janiri, Marco Di Nicola
AIMS: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease with a complex etiology, involving the immune system, genetic factors, and external/internal triggers, with psychosomatic aspects. The aim of the study was to investigate childhood trauma and resilience in a psoriatic sample compared with healthy controls. Correlations between childhood trauma, resilience, quality of life, clinical data and psoriatic features were also evaluated. METHODS: Seventy-seven psoriatic patients and seventy-six homogeneous healthy controls were enrolled...
March 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455866/cognition-action-trade-offs-reflect-organization-of-attention-in-infancy
#8
Sarah E Berger, Regina T Harbourne, Melissa N Horger
This chapter discusses what cognition-action trade-offs in infancy reveal about the organization and developmental trajectory of attention. We focus on internal attention because this aspect is most relevant to the immediate concerns of infancy, such as fluctuating levels of expertise, balancing multiple taxing skills simultaneously, learning how to control attention under variable conditions, and coordinating distinct psychological domains. Cognition-action trade-offs observed across the life span include perseveration during skill emergence, errors and inefficient strategies during decision making, and the allocation of resources when attention is taxed...
2018: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455746/today-s-decisions-tomorrow-s-outcomes-does-self-control-explain-the-educational-smoking-gradient
#9
Christopher J Holmes
People with more education tend to have relatively healthy lifestyles. Among other things, they smoke less than those with less education. This link between education and smoking (known as the "educational gradient") is frequently interpreted as causal: many researchers argue that education develops skills, habits, and preferences that discourage smoking and other unhealthy behaviors. However, an alternative possibility is that these skills, habits, and preferences develop early in life and determine the likelihood of both attaining a high level of education and avoiding smoking...
February 2018: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454509/group-c-strep-mediastinitis-a-case-report
#10
Joseph G Kotora, Eric J Schmieler, Christian S McEvoy, Stephen L Noble
This case is significant to the practice of emergency medicine because it represents the development of an uncommon and potentially fatal mediastinal infection from a commonly encountered and appropriately treated community respiratory pathogen. Most published reports on mediastinitis are those that are status-post cardiothoracic surgery. In our report, we discuss a case of a healthy, young individual who developed this morbid entity from extension of a simple respiratory infection where Group C Streptococcus has been isolated as the causative organism, which to our knowledge has not been previously reported...
February 3, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453581/health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-born-with-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#11
Elin Öst, Björn Frenckner, Margret Nisell, Carmen Mesas Burgos, Maria Öjmyr-Joelsson
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children born with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). METHODS: Between 1993 and 2003, a total of 102 children born with CDH were treated at Astrid Lindgren Children's hospital in Stockholm. In 2012, long-term survivors (n = 77) were asked to participate in the present study, which resulted in a 46% (n = 35) response rate. The KIDSCREEN-52 questionnaire was used for measuring HRQoL and a detailed review of medical records was performed...
February 16, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453492/application-of-physiologically-based-pharmacokinetic-modeling-to-the-prediction-of-drug-drug-and-drug-disease-interactions-for-rivaroxaban
#12
Ruijuan Xu, Weihong Ge, Qing Jiang
PURPOSE: Rivaroxaban is a direct oral anticoagulant with a large inter-individual variability. The present study is to develop a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model to predict several scenarios in clinical practice. METHODS: A whole-body PBPK model for rivaroxaban, which is metabolized by the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4/5, 2J2 pathways and excreted via kidneys, was developed to predict the pharmacokinetics at different doses in healthy subjects and patients with hepatic or renal dysfunction...
February 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453431/delayed-gut-microbiota-development-in-high-risk-for-asthma-infants-is-temporarily-modifiable-by-lactobacillus-supplementation
#13
Juliana Durack, Nikole E Kimes, Din L Lin, Marcus Rauch, Michelle McKean, Kathryn McCauley, Ariane R Panzer, Jordan S Mar, Michael D Cabana, Susan V Lynch
Gut microbiota dysbiosis and metabolic dysfunction in infancy precedes childhood atopy and asthma development. Here we examined gut microbiota maturation over the first year of life in infants at high risk for asthma (HR), and whether it is modifiable by early-life Lactobacillus supplementation. We performed a longitudinal comparison of stool samples collected from HR infants randomized to daily oral Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (HRLGG) or placebo (HRP) for 6 months, and healthy (HC) infants. Meconium microbiota of HRP participants is distinct, follows a delayed developmental trajectory, and is primarily glycolytic and depleted of a range of anti-inflammatory lipids at 6 months of age...
February 16, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452266/healthy-brain-aging-interplay-between-reactive-species-inflammation-and-energy-supply
#14
REVIEW
O Garaschuk, H M Semchyshyn, V I Lushchak
Brains' high energy expenditure with preferable utilization of glucose and ketone bodies, defines the specific features of its energy homeostasis. The extensive oxidative metabolism is accompanied by a concomitant generation of high amounts of reactive oxygen, nitrogen, and carbonyl species, which will be here collectively referred to as RONCS. Such metabolism in combination with high content of polyunsaturated fatty acids creates specific problems in maintaining brains' redox homeostasis. While the levels of products of interaction between RONCS and cellular components increase slowly during the first two trimesters of individuals' life, their increase is substantially accelerated towards the end of life...
February 13, 2018: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452199/establishment-of-the-nasal-microbiota-in-the-first-18-months-of-life-correlation-with-early-onset-rhinitis-and-wheezing
#15
Le Duc Huy Ta, Gaik Chin Yap, Carina Jing Xuan Tay, Alicia Shi Min Lim, Chiung Hui Huang, Collins Wenhan Chu, Paola Florez De Sessions, Lynette P Shek, Anne Goh, Hugo P S Van Bever, Oon Hoe Teoh, Jian Yi Soh, Biju Thomas, Mahesh Babu Ramamurthy, Daniel Y T Goh, Christophe Lay, Shu-E Soh, Yiong Huak Chan, Seang-Mei Saw, Kenneth Kwek, Yap-Seng Chong, Keith M Godfrey, Martin Lloyd Hibberd, Bee Wah Lee
BACKGROUND: The dynamic establishment of the nasal microbiota in early life influences local mucosal immune responses and the susceptibility to childhood respiratory disorders. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this case-control study was to monitor, evaluate and compare the development of the nasal microbiota of infants who developed rhinitis and wheeze in the first 18 months of life with those of healthy controls. METHODS: Anterior nasal swabs of 122 subjects belonging to the GUSTO birth cohort were collected longitudinally over seven time points in the first 18 months of life...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451225/quality-of-life-among-adolescents-aged-14-to-18-years-with-beta-thalassemia-major-tm-in-qatar
#16
Abdulqadir J Nashwan, Mohamed A Yassin, Ganga Devi J Babu, Sindhumole L K Nair, Izette L Libo-On, Hothaifah A Hijazi, Vincenzo De Sanctis, Ashraf Soliman
BACKGROUND: Thalassemia is a heterogeneous group of inherited disorders of hemoglobin synthesis. It is a common disease in Mediterranean, Southeast Asia, Indian subcontinent, and Middle East countries, including Qatar. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the quality of life (QOL) among patients aged 14 to 18 years with thalassemia major (TM) in Qatar and correlates their QOL with bio-demographic data of the patients compared to healthy controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study measured the QOL in adolescents with thalassemia major who were attending ambulatory units in a tertiary hospital in Qatar...
February 16, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450761/an-electroglottographical-analysis-based-discriminant-function-model-differentiating-multiple-sclerosis-patients-from-healthy-controls
#17
George D Vavougios, Triantafyllos Doskas, Kostas Konstantopoulos
Dysarthrophonia is a predominant symptom in many neurological diseases, affecting the quality of life of the patients. In this study, we produced a discriminant function equation that can differentiate MS patients from healthy controls, using electroglottographic variables not analyzed in a previous study. We applied stepwise linear discriminant function analysis in order to produce a function and score derived from electroglottographic variables extracted from a previous study. The derived discriminant function's statistical significance was determined via Wilk's λ test (and the associated p value)...
February 15, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450198/parvovirus-b19-what-is-the-relevance-in-transfusion-medicine
#18
REVIEW
David Juhl, Holger Hennig
Parvovirus B19 (B19V) has been discovered in 1975. The association with a disease was unclear in the first time after the discovery of B19V, but meanwhile, the usually droplet transmitted B19V is known as the infectious agent of the "fifth disease," a rather harmless children's illness. But B19V infects erythrocyte progenitor cells and thus, acute B19V infection in patients with a high erythrocyte turnover may lead to a life-threatening aplastic crisis, and acutely infected pregnant women can transmit B19V to their unborn child, resulting in a hydrops fetalis and fetal death...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449958/a-mobile-phone-based-program-to-promote-healthy-behaviors-among-adults-with-prediabetes-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Dina H Griauzde, Jeffrey T Kullgren, Brad Liestenfeltz, Caroline Richardson, Michele Heisler
Background: Rates of participation in Diabetes Prevention Programs (DPPs) are low. This may be due, in part, to low levels of autonomous motivation (i.e., motivation that arises from internal sources and sustains healthy behaviors over time) to prevent type 2 diabetes (T2DM) among many individuals with prediabetes. Mobile health (mHealth) technologies that incorporate principles from the Self-Determination Theory offer an effective and scalable approach to increase autonomous motivation levels...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449292/cost-effectiveness-of-a-community-delivered-multicomponent-intervention-compared-with-enhanced-standard-care-of-obese-adolescents-cost-utility-analysis-alongside-a-randomised-controlled-trial-the-help-trial
#20
Monica Panca, Deborah Christie, Tim J Cole, Silvia Costa, John Gregson, Rebecca Holt, Lee D Hudson, Anthony S Kessel, Sanjay Kinra, Anne Mathiot, Irwin Nazareth, Jay Wataranan, Ian Chi Kei Wong, Russell M Viner, Stephen Morris
OBJECTIVE: To undertake a cost-utility analysis of a motivational multicomponent lifestyle-modification intervention in a community setting (the Healthy Eating Lifestyle Programme (HELP)) compared with enhanced standard care. DESIGN: Cost-utility analysis alongside a randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Community settings in Greater London, England. PARTICIPANTS: 174 young people with obesity aged 12-19 years. INTERVENTIONS: Intervention participants received 12 one-to-one sessions across 6 months, addressing lifestyle behaviours and focusing on motivation to change and self-esteem rather than weight change, delivered by trained graduate health workers in community settings...
February 15, 2018: BMJ Open
keyword
keyword
119220
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"