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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906093/microrna-140-5p-inhibits-colorectal-cancer-invasion-and-metastasis-by-targeting-adamts5-and-igfbp5
#1
Lihui Yu, Ying Lu, Xiaocui Han, Wenyue Zhao, Jiazhi Li, Jun Mao, Bo Wang, Jie Shen, Shujun Fan, Lu Wang, Mei Wang, Lianhong Li, Jianwu Tang, Bo Song
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignancies in the world. microRNA-140-5p (miR-140) has been shown to be involved in cartilage development and osteoarthritis (OA) pathogenesis. Some contradictions still exist concerning the role of miR-140 in tumor progression and metastasis, and the underlying mechanism is uncertain. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was performed to determine the expressions of ADAMTS5 and IGFBP5 in CRC tissues. Human CRC cell lines HCT116 and RKO were transfected with miR-140 mimic, inhibitor, or small interfering RNA (siRNA) against ADAMTS5 or IGFBP5, respectively, using oligofectamine or lipofectamine 2000...
December 1, 2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904520/a-diagnostic-one-step-real-time-reverse-transcription-polymerase-chain-reaction-method-for-accurate-detection-of-influenza-virus-type-a
#2
Mohammad Amin Behzadi, Mazyar Ziyaeyan, Abdolvahab Alborzi
INTRODUCTION: Influenza A is known as a public health concern worldwide. In this study, a novel one-step real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (rtRT-PCR) assay was designed and optimized for the detection of influenza A viruses. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The primers and probe were designed based on the analysis of 90 matrix nucleotide sequence data of influenza type A subtypes from the GenBank database of the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI)...
December 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903804/structural-protein-vp2-of-african-horse-sickness-virus-is-not-essential-for-virus-replication-in-vitro
#3
René G P van Gennip, Sandra G P van de Water, Christiaan A Potgieter, Piet A van Rijn
: The Reoviridae family consists of non-enveloped multi-layered viruses with a double stranded RNA genome consisting of 9 to 12 genome segments. The Orbivirus genus of the Reoviridae family contains African horse sickness virus (AHSV), bluetongue virus and epizootic haemorrhagic disease virus causing notifiable diseases and are spread by biting Culicoides species. Here, we used reverse genetics for AHSV to study the role of outer capsid protein VP2 encoded by genome segment 2 (Seg-2)...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902702/selective-inhibitor-of-nuclear-export-sine-compounds-alter-new-world-alphavirus-capsid-localization-and-reduce-viral-replication-in-mammalian-cells
#4
Lindsay Lundberg, Chelsea Pinkham, Cynthia de la Fuente, Ashwini Brahms, Nazly Shafagati, Kylie M Wagstaff, David A Jans, Sharon Tamir, Kylene Kehn-Hall
The capsid structural protein of the New World alphavirus, Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV), interacts with the host nuclear transport proteins importin α/β1 and CRM1. Novel selective inhibitor of nuclear export (SINE) compounds, KPT-185, KPT-335 (verdinexor), and KPT-350, target the host's primary nuclear export protein, CRM1, in a manner similar to the archetypical inhibitor Leptomycin B. One major limitation of Leptomycin B is its irreversible binding to CRM1; which SINE compounds alleviate because they are slowly reversible...
November 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900001/expression-of-glucose-transporter-1-is-correlated-with-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-and-malignant-potential-in-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors
#5
Minoru Fujino, Shinichi Aishima, Koji Shindo, Yasunori Oda, Katsuya Morimatsu, Kosuke Tsutsumi, Takao Otsuka, Masao Tanaka, Yoshinao Oda
The present study aimed to investigate the prognostic usefulness of the expression of glucose transporter type 1 (GLUT-1) and GLUT-2, hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) and insulin-like growth factor II messenger RNA-binding protein 3 (IMP3) in pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs). Immunohistochemical staining for GLUT-1, GLUT-2, HIF-1α and IMP3 was performed in 70 pNET specimens. The expression of GLUT-1 and HIF-1α was significantly higher in the World Health Organization grade 2 (G2), neuroendocrine carcinoma cases and mixed-type pNETs compared with the G1 cases...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898765/transcriptome-assembly-and-comparison-of-an-allotetraploid-weed-species-annual-bluegrass-with-its-two-diploid-progenitor-species-schrad-and-kunth
#6
Shu Chen, J Scott McElroy, Fenny Dane, Leslie R Goertzen
Annual bluegrass ( L.) is one of the most widespread weed species in this world. As a young allotetraploid, has occupied diverse environments from Antarctic area to subtropical regions. To unveil the evolutionary mystery behind 's wide distribution, extensive adaptability and phenotypic plasticity needs collaboration from multiple research scopes from ecology and plant physiology to population genetics and molecular biology. However, the lack of omic data and reference has greatly hampered the study. This is the first comprehensive transcriptome study on species...
March 2016: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894035/an-isothermal-label-free-and-rapid-one-step-rna-amplification-detection-assay-for-diagnosis-of-respiratory-viral-infections
#7
Bonhan Koo, Choong Eun Jin, Tae Yoon Lee, Jeong Hoon Lee, Mi Kyoung Park, Heungsup Sung, Se Yoon Park, Hyun Jung Lee, Sun Mi Kim, Ji Yeun Kim, Sung-Han Kim, Yong Shin
Recently, RNA viral infections caused by respiratory viruses, such as influenza, parainfluenza, respiratory syncytial virus, coronavirus, and Middle East respiratory syndrome-coronavirus (MERS-CoV), and Zika virus, are a major public health threats in the world. Although myriads of diagnostic methods based on RNA amplification have been developed in the last decades, they continue to lack speed, sensitivity, and specificity for clinical use. A rapid and accurate diagnostic method is needed for appropriate control, including isolation and treatment of the patients...
November 23, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892990/zika-virus-what-the-otolaryngologist-should-know-a-review
#8
Demetri Arnaoutakis, Tapan Padhya
Importance: Initially discovered in 1947, Zika virus infection received little notoriety as a tropical disease until 2015 when an outbreak of microcephaly cases was reported in Brazil. Zika is a single-stranded RNA arbovirus of the Flaviviridae family. The primary source of infection in humans stems from Aedes aegypti mosquito bites but can also occur through sexual, blood, and perinatal transmission. With expectations that 3 to 4 million people across the Americas will be infected over the next year, the World Health Organization has declared this event a Public Health Emergency of International Concern...
November 17, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887974/perusal-of-parasitic-nematode-omics-in-the-post-genomic-era
#9
Jonathan D Stoltzfus, Adeiye A Pilgrim, De'Broski R Herbert
The advent of high-throughput, next-generation sequencing methods combined with advances in computational biology and bioinformatics have greatly accelerated discovery within biomedical research. This "post-genomics" era has ushered in powerful approaches allowing one to quantify RNA transcript and protein abundance for every gene in the genome - often for multiple conditions. Herein, we chronicle how the post-genomics era has advanced our overall understanding of parasitic nematodes through transcriptomics and proteomics and highlight some of the important advances made in each major nematode clade...
November 22, 2016: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866234/the-rna-world-at-thirty-a-look-back-with-its-author
#10
REVIEW
Neeraja Sankaran
Thirty years ago, molecular biologist Walter Gilbert published his RNA world hypothesis, which posited that early in evolution living systems were composed entirely of RNA. Proposed in the immediate wake of the discovery that certain RNA molecules were capable of catalyzing biological reactions, the hypothesis ascribed both of life's essential functions, namely carrying information and catalysis-respectively, performed by DNA and proteins in most modern life systems-to RNA, which were labeled as ribozymes. In the years since its inception, the RNA world has been greeted with equal parts enthusiasm and opposition from the origins of life research community, of which Gilbert neither was, nor really became, a part...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Molecular Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866174/sample-size-calculation-based-on-generalized-linear-models-for-differential-expression-analysis-in-rna-seq-data
#11
Chung-I Li, Yu Shyr
As RNA-seq rapidly develops and costs continually decrease, the quantity and frequency of samples being sequenced will grow exponentially. With proteomic investigations becoming more multivariate and quantitative, determining a study's optimal sample size is now a vital step in experimental design. Current methods for calculating a study's required sample size are mostly based on the hypothesis testing framework, which assumes each gene count can be modeled through Poisson or negative binomial distributions; however, these methods are limited when it comes to accommodating covariates...
December 1, 2016: Statistical Applications in Genetics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862621/exploration-of-zea-cytotoxicity-to-mouse-endometrial-stromal-cells-and-rna-seq-analysis
#12
Haiqiang Xie, Jin Hu, Cheng Xiao, Yujian Dai, Xiaolin Ding, Yinxue Xu
Because zearalenone (ZEA) causes harmful influence to animals and widely exists in the world, the researches on ZEA have never stopped. However, the mechanisms of ZEA on proliferation, cycle, and apoptosis in endometrial stromal cells (ESCs) remain poorly defined. Therefore, the purpose of our study was to explore the effects of ZEA to ESCs and demonstrate them by transcriptomic analysis. The results showed that after ZEA treatment, ESCs appeared numerous adverse reactions, and the phenomena of cell viability decrease, DNA replication block and apoptosis were detected by flow cytometry, Annexin V-FITC/PI double-staining method, TUNEL assay, and so on...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853931/hepatitis-e-virus-genotype-3-in-slurry-samples-from-swine-farming-activities-in-italy
#13
G La Rosa, S Della Libera, M Brambilla, C Bisaglia, G Pisani, A R Ciccaglione, R Bruni, S Taffon, M Equestre, M Iaconelli
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is an emergent causative agent of acute hepatitis, transmitted by fecal-oral route. Infection with HEV is a global cause for morbidity and mortality throughout the world: it mainly causes large outbreaks in endemic areas and sporadic autochthonous cases in industrialized countries where HEV infections seem to be an emergent zoonotic disease. Infection of porcine livestock and its relationship with the human cases have been demonstrated. The present study describes an investigation on the prevalence and diversity of HEV in pig slurry in Italy...
November 16, 2016: Food and Environmental Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852847/visualizing-the-essential-role-of-complete-virion-assembly-machinery-in-efficient-hepatitis-c-virus-cell-to-cell-transmission-by-viral-infection-activated-split-intein-mediated-reporter-system-visi
#14
Fanfan Zhao, Ting Zhao, Libin Deng, Dawei Lv, Xiaolong Zhang, Xiaoyu Pan, Jun Xu, Gang Long
: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infects 2-3% of the world population and is a leading cause of liver diseases such as fibrosis, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Many aspects of HCV study, ranging from molecular virology, antiviral drug development and drug resistance profiling, were supported by straightforward assays of HCV replication and infection. Among these assays, HCV-dependent fluorescence relocalization (HDFR) system allows live-cell visualization of infection without modifying viral genome, but this strategy required careful recognition of fluorescence relocalization pattern for its high fluorescence background in cytoplasm...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851885/measles-in-poland-in-2014
#15
Iwona Paradowska-Stankiewicz, Justyna Rogalska
BACKGROUND: Since 1998, Poland has been actively participating in the Measles Elimination Program, coordinated by the World Health Organization (WHO). It requires achieving and maintaining very high vaccine coverage (>95%), recording all cases and suspected cases of measles, and laboratory testing of all suspected measles cases in the WHO Reference Laboratory. In Poland it is a Laboratory of Department of Virology, NIPHNIH. In order to confirm or exclude the case of measles specific measles IgM antibodies should be measured using Elisa test, or molecular testing (PCR) should be performed to detect the presence measles virus RNA in biological material...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845796/paper-microchip-with-a-graphene-modified-silver-nano-composite-electrode-for-electrical-sensing-of-microbial-pathogens
#16
Mohammadali Safavieh, Vivasvat Kaul, Sultan Khetani, Anupriya Singh, Karan Dhingra, Manoj Kumar Kanakasabapathy, Mohamed Shehata Draz, Adnan Memic, Daniel R Kuritzkes, Hadi Shafiee
Rapid and sensitive point-of-care diagnostics are of paramount importance for early detection of infectious diseases and timely initiation of treatment. Here, we present cellulose paper and flexible plastic chips with printed graphene-modified silver electrodes as universal point-of-care diagnostic tools for the rapid and sensitive detection of microbial pathogens or nucleic acids through utilizing electrical sensing modality and loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP). We evaluated the ability of the developed paper-based assay to detect (i) viruses on cellulose-based paper microchips without implementing amplification in samples with viral loads between 10(6) and 10(8) copies per ml, and (ii) amplified HIV-1 nucleic acids in samples with viral loads between 10 fg μl(-1) and 10(8) fg μl(-1)...
November 15, 2016: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843443/rna-interference-mediated-simultaneous-suppression-of-seed-storage-proteins-in-rice-grains
#17
Kyoungwon Cho, Hye-Jung Lee, Yeong-Min Jo, Sun-Hyung Lim, Randeep Rakwal, Jong-Yeol Lee, Young-Mi Kim
Seed storage proteins (SSPs) such as glutelin, prolamin, and globulin are abundant components in some of the most widely consumed food cereals in the world. Synthesized in the rough endoplasmic reticulum (ER), SSPs are translocated to the protein bodies. Prolamins are located at the spherical protein body I derived from the ER, whereas, glutelins and globulin are accumulated in the irregularly shaped protein bodies derived from vacuoles. Our previous studies have shown that the individual suppression of glutelins, 13-kDa prolamins and globulin caused the compensative accumulation of other SSPs...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837497/the-changing-epidemiology-of-invasive-fungal-infections
#18
David A Enoch, Huina Yang, Sani H Aliyu, Christianne Micallef
Invasive fungal infections (IFI) are an emerging problem worldwide with invasive candidiasis and candidemia responsible for the majority of cases. This is predominantly driven by the widespread adoption of aggressive immunosuppressive therapy among certain patient populations (e.g., chemotherapy, transplants) and the increasing use of invasive devices such as central venous catheters (CVCs). The use of new immune modifying drugs has also opened up an entirely new spectrum of patients at risk of IFIs. While the epidemiology of candida infections has changed in the last decade, with a gradual shift from C...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827919/taming-prebiotic-chemistry-the-role-of-heterogeneous-and-interfacial-catalysis-in-the-emergence-of-a-prebiotic-catalytic-information-polymer-system
#19
REVIEW
Pierre-Alain Monnard
Cellular life is based on interacting polymer networks that serve as catalysts, genetic information and structural molecules. The complexity of the DNA, RNA and protein biochemistry suggests that it must have been preceded by simpler systems. The RNA world hypothesis proposes RNA as the prime candidate for such a primal system. Even though this proposition has gained currency, its investigations have highlighted several challenges with respect to bulk aqueous media: (1) the synthesis of RNA monomers is difficult; (2) efficient pathways for monomer polymerization into functional RNAs and their subsequent, sequence-specific replication remain elusive; and (3) the evolution of the RNA function towards cellular metabolism in isolation is questionable in view of the chemical mixtures expected on the early Earth...
November 4, 2016: Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827540/meteorites-and-the-rna-world-a-thermodynamic-model-of-nucleobase-synthesis-within-planetesimals
#20
Ben K D Pearce, Ralph E Pudritz
The possible meteorite parent body origin of Earth's pregenetic nucleobases is substantiated by the guanine (G), adenine (A), and uracil (U) measured in various meteorites. Cytosine (C) and thymine (T), however, are absent in meteorites, making the emergence of an RNA and later RNA/DNA/protein world problematic. We investigated the meteorite parent body (planetesimal) origin of all nucleobases by computationally modeling 18 reactions that potentially contribute to nucleobase formation in such environments. Out of this list, we identified the two most important reactions for each nucleobase and found that these involve small molecules such as HCN, CO, NH3, and water that ultimately arise from the protoplanetary disks in which planetesimals are built...
November 2016: Astrobiology
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