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Rashi Bharat Patel, Ting Li, Zhichao Liao, Jivani Aakash Jaldeepbhai, H A Pavanika N V Perera, Sujani Kaushalya Muthukuda, Dholiya Hardeep Dhirubhai, Vaibhav Singh, Xiaoling Du, Jilong Yang
Liposarcomas (LPS) are among the most common soft tissue sarcomas, originating from adipocytes. Treatment for LPS typically involves surgical resection and radiation therapy, while the use of conventional cytotoxic chemotherapy for unresectable or metastatic LPS remains controversial. This review summarizes the results of recent translational research and trials of novel therapies targeting various genetic and molecular aberrations in different subtypes of LPS. Genetic aberrations such as the 12q13-15 amplicon, genetic amplification of MDM2, CDK4, TOP2A, PTK7, and CHEK1, point mutations in CTNNB1, CDH1, FBXW7, and EPHA1, as the fusion of FUS-DDIT3/EWSR1-DDIT3 are involved in the pathogenesis LPS and represent potential therapeutic candidates...
2017: Stem Cell Investigation
Naofumi Asano, Akihiko Yoshida, Sachiyo Mitani, Eisuke Kobayashi, Bunsyo Shiotani, Motokiyo Komiyama, Hiroyuki Fujimoto, Hirokazu Chuman, Hideo Morioka, Morio Matsumoto, Masaya Nakamura, Takashi Kubo, Mamoru Kato, Takashi Kohno, Akira Kawai, Tadashi Kondo, Hitoshi Ichikawa
Well-differentiated liposarcoma (WDLPS) and dedifferentiated liposarcoma (DDLPS) are closely related tumors commonly characterized by MDM2/CDK4 gene amplification, and lack clinically effective treatment options when inoperable. To identify novel therapeutic targets, we performed targeted genomic sequencing analysis of 19 WDLPS and 37 DDLPS tumor samples using a panel of 104 cancer-related genes (NCC oncopanel v3) developed specifically for genomic testing to select suitable molecular targeted therapies. The results of this analysis indicated that these sarcomas had very few gene mutations and a high frequency of amplifications of not only MDM2 and CDK4 but also other genes...
February 21, 2017: Oncotarget
Jayasree S Nair, Gary K Schwartz
Aurora kinases have become an attractive target in cancer therapy due to their deregulated expression in human tumors. Liposarcoma, a type of soft tissue sarcoma in adults, account for approximately 20% of all adult soft tissue sarcomas. There are no effective chemotherapies for majority of these tumors. Efforts made to define the molecular basis of liposarcomas lead to the finding that besides the amplifications of CDK4 and MDM2, Aurora Kinase A, also was shown to be overexpressed. Based on these as well as mathematic modeling, we have carried out a successful preclinical study using CDK4 and IGF1R inhibitors in liposarcoma...
March 15, 2016: Oncotarget
Deepika Kanojia, Yasunobu Nagata, Manoj Garg, Dhong Hyun Lee, Aiko Sato, Kenichi Yoshida, Yusuke Sato, Masashi Sanada, Anand Mayakonda, Christoph Bartenhagen, Hans-Ulrich Klein, Ngan B Doan, Jonathan W Said, S Mohith, Swetha Gunasekar, Yuichi Shiraishi, Kenichi Chiba, Hiroko Tanaka, Satoru Miyano, Ola Myklebost, Henry Yang, Martin Dugas, Leonardo A Meza-Zepeda, Allan W Silberman, Charles Forscher, Jeffrey W Tyner, Seishi Ogawa, H Phillip Koeffler
Liposarcoma (LPS) is the most common type of soft tissue sarcoma accounting for 20% of all adult sarcomas. Due to absence of clinically effective treatment options in inoperable situations and resistance to chemotherapeutics, a critical need exists to identify novel therapeutic targets. We analyzed LPS genomic landscape using SNP arrays, whole exome sequencing and targeted exome sequencing to uncover the genomic information for development of specific anti-cancer targets. SNP array analysis indicated known amplified genes (MDM2, CDK4, HMGA2) and important novel genes (UAP1, MIR557, LAMA4, CPM, IGF2, ERBB3, IGF1R)...
December 15, 2015: Oncotarget
X P Wen, H L Ma, L Y Zhao, W Zhang, C X Dang
MicroRNAs play critical roles in the development and progression of human cancers. Although miR—30a has been suggested to function as a tumor repressor in several tumors, its role in non—small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has not been investigated in detail. This study investigated the expression and role of miR—30a in human NSCLC. The expression of miR—30a is significantly decreased in clinical NSCLC tissues and cell lines. Overexpression of miR—30a inhibited NSCLC cell proliferation, G1/S and S/G2 transition in vitro, whereas suppression of miR—30a facilitated NSCLC cell proliferation, G1/S and S/G2 transition...
2015: Cellular and Molecular Biology
M Tanioka, K Sakai, T Sudo, T Sakuma, K Kajimoto, K Hirokaga, S Takao, S Negoro, H Minami, K Nakagawa, K Nishio
Several trials have confirmed that the pathological complete response (pCR) rates after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) are significantly lower in HER2-positive/ER-positive patients than in HER2-positive/ER-negative patients. To understand this phenomenon, we investigated the association between NAC resistance and CCND1, which is frequently overexpressed in ER-positive tumors. Pretreatment formalin-fixed tumor tissues were collected from 75 HER2-positive patients receiving NAC comprised anthracyclines, taxanes, and trastuzumab...
October 2014: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Andreas M Heilmann, Rushika M Perera, Veronika Ecker, Brandon N Nicolay, Nabeel Bardeesy, Cyril H Benes, Nicholas J Dyson
Loss-of-function mutations in p16(INK4A) (CDKN2A) occur in approximately 80% of sporadic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), contributing to its early progression. Although this loss activates the cell-cycle-dependent kinases CDK4/6, which have been considered as drug targets for many years, p16(INK4A)-deficient PDAC cells are inherently resistant to CDK4/6 inhibitors. This study searched for targeted therapies that might synergize with CDK4/6 inhibition in this setting. We report that the IGF1R/IR inhibitor BMS-754807 cooperated with the CDK4/6 inhibitor PD-0332991 to strongly block proliferation of p16(INK4A)-deficient PDAC cells in vitro and in vivo...
July 15, 2014: Cancer Research
Funda Meric-Bernstam, Garrett M Frampton, Jaime Ferrer-Lozano, Roman Yelensky, Jose A Pérez-Fidalgo, Ying Wang, Gary A Palmer, Jeffrey S Ross, Vincent A Miller, Xiaoping Su, Pilar Eroles, Juan Antonio Barrera, Octavio Burgues, Ana M Lluch, Xiaofeng Zheng, Aysegul Sahin, Philip J Stephens, Gordon B Mills, Maureen T Cronin, Ana M Gonzalez-Angulo
There is growing interest in delivering genomically informed cancer therapy. Our aim was to determine the concordance of genomic alterations between primary and recurrent breast cancer. Targeted next-generation sequencing was performed on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) samples, profiling 3,320 exons of 182 cancer-related genes plus 37 introns from 14 genes often rearranged in cancer. Point mutations, indels, copy-number alterations (CNA), and select rearrangements were assessed in 74 tumors from 43 patients (36 primary and 38 recurrence/metastases)...
May 2014: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Jeffrey S Ross, Kai Wang, Janna V Rand, Christine E Sheehan, Timothy A Jennings, Rami N Al-Rohil, Geoff A Otto, John C Curran, Gary Palmer, Sean R Downing, Roman Yelensky, Doron Lipson, Sohail Balasubramanian, Lazaro Garcia, Kristen Mahoney, Siraj M Ali, Vincent A Miller, Philip J Stephens
We hypothesized that next-generation sequencing could reveal actionable genomic alterations (GAs) and potentially expand treatment options for patients with advanced adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC). Genomic profiling using next-generation sequencing was performed on hybridization-captured, adapter ligation libraries derived from 28 relapsed and metastatic formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded ACC. The 3230 exons of 182 cancer-related genes and 37 introns of 14 genes frequently rearranged in cancer were fully sequenced using the Illumina HiSeq 2000...
February 2014: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Martin L Miller, Evan J Molinelli, Jayasree S Nair, Tahir Sheikh, Rita Samy, Xiaohong Jing, Qin He, Anil Korkut, Aimee M Crago, Samuel Singer, Gary K Schwartz, Chris Sander
Dedifferentiated liposarcoma (DDLS) is a rare but aggressive cancer with high recurrence and low response rates to targeted therapies. Increasing treatment efficacy may require combinations of targeted agents that counteract the effects of multiple abnormalities. To identify a possible multicomponent therapy, we performed a combinatorial drug screen in a DDLS-derived cell line and identified cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4) and insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) as synergistic drug targets. We measured the phosphorylation of multiple proteins and cell viability in response to systematic drug combinations and derived computational models of the signaling network...
September 24, 2013: Science Signaling
P Cassier, D Pissaloux, L Alberti, I Ray-Coquard, J-Y Blay
The recent progress of the biology of the locally aggressive sarcomas of soft tissues and related connective tissue tumors enabled to reclassify molecular and histological entities of the disease. Six subgroups of sarcomas are identified with specific molecular alterations, the targeted treatments of which are the object of this article: 1) sarcomas with specific translocations with fusion oncogenes (DFSP, PVNS); 2) sarcomas with tyrosine kinase mutations (KIT in GIST); 3) tumors with deletion of tumor suppressor genes (TSC in the PEComes, NF1 involved in type 1 neurofibromatosis; 4) sarcomas with MDM2/CDK4 amplification in the 12q13-15 amplicon, i...
June 2010: Bulletin du Cancer
Bettina Albrecht, Michael Hausmann, Horst Zitzelsberger, Hubert Stein, Jörg Rüdiger Siewert, Ulrich Hopt, Rupert Langer, Heinz Höfler, Martin Werner, Axel Walch
Array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) allows the identification of DNA sequence copy number changes at high resolution by co-hybridizing differentially labelled test and control DNAs to a micro-array of genomic clones. The present study has analysed a series of 23 formalin-fixed, paraffin wax-embedded tissue samples of Barrett's adenocarcinoma (BCA, n = 18) and non-neoplastic squamous oesophageal (n = 2) and gastric cardia mucosa (n = 3) by aCGH. The micro-arrays used contained 287 genomic targets covering oncogenes, tumour suppressor genes, and DNA sequences localized within chromosomal regions previously reported to be altered in BCA...
July 2004: Journal of Pathology
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