keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cardio

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243665/anthropomorphic-thorax-phantom-for-cardio-respiratory-motion-simulation-in-tomographic-imaging
#1
Konstantin Bolwin, Björn Czekalla, Lynn Johann Frohwein, Florian Buther, Klaus P Schäfers
Patient motion during medical imaging using techniques such as computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET), or single emission computed tomography (SPECT) is well known to degrade images leading to blurring effects or severe artifacts. Motion correction methods try to overcome this degrading effects. However, they need to be validated under realistic conditions. In the present work, a sophisticated anthropomorphic thorax phantom is presented that combines several aspects of a simulator for cardio-respiratory motion...
December 15, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243580/coumarins-as-promising-scaffold-for-the-treatment-of-age-related-diseases-an-overview-of-the-last-five-years
#2
Giovanna Lucia Delogu, Maria Joao Matos
Degenerative diseases are becoming increasingly prevalent with the aging of the human population. The twentieth century witnessed a significant demographic change in the industrialized world that is currently followed by a similar shift of life expectancy to upper age ranges in Asia, Africa, and Middle and South America. A rising tide of chronic age-dependent diseases will soon present serious challenges for these countries. Age-related diseases are commonly seen in older patients. More than 40% of adults 60 and older have a combination of risk factors known as metabolic syndrome, which increases the risk for developing degenerative disorders, and certain cancers...
December 14, 2017: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240772/monitoring-of-arrhythmia-and-sudden-death-in-a-hemodialysis-population-the-crash-ilr-study
#3
Paul R Roberts, Donah Zachariah, John M Morgan, Arthur M Yue, Elizabeth F Greenwood, Patrick C Phillips, Philip A Kalra, Darren Green, Robert J Lewis, Paul R Kalra
INTRODUCTION: It has been suggested that sudden cardiac death (SCD) contributes around 50% of cardiovascular and 27% of all-cause mortality in hemodialysis patients. The true burden of arrhythmias and arrhythmic deaths in this population, however, remains poorly characterised. Cardio Renal Arrhythmia Study in Hemodialysis (CRASH-ILR) is a prospective, implantable loop recorder single centre study of 30 established hemodialysis patients and one of the first to provide long-term ambulatory ECG monitoring...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239091/extra-corporeal-normothermic-machine-perfusion-of-the-porcine-kidney-working-towards-future-utilization-in-australasia
#4
Ahmer M Hameed, Ray Miraziz, David B Lu, Neil Warwick, Ali El-Ayoubi, Heather Burns, Yi Vee Chew, Ross Matthews, Greg O'Grady, Lawrence Yuen, Natasha Rogers, Henry C Pleass, Wayne J Hawthorne
BACKGROUND: The ongoing supply-demand gap with respect to donor kidneys for transplantation necessitates the increased use of higher kidney donor profile index and/or donation after circulatory death (DCD) kidneys. Machine perfusion (MP) preservation has become increasingly popular as a means to preserve such organs. Human data regarding normothermic kidney MP (NMP) is in its infancy, and such a system has not been established in the Australasian clinical setting. METHODS: Modified cardio-pulmonary bypass technology was utilized to develop a viable NMP kidney perfusion system using a porcine DCD model...
December 14, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238493/correlation-of-gerkin-queen-s-college-george-and-jackson-methods-in-estimating-maximal-oxygen-consumption
#5
Payam Heydari, Sakineh Varmazyar, Ali Safari Variani, Fariba Hashemi, Seyed Sajad Ataei
Background and aim: Test of maximal oxygen consumption is the gold standard for measuring cardio-pulmonary fitness. This study aimed to determine correlation of Gerkin, Queen's College, George, and Jackson methods in estimating maximal oxygen consumption, and demographic factors affecting maximal oxygen consumption. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in a census of medical emergency students (n=57) in Qazvin University of Medical Sciences in 2016...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238298/enhancement-of-pleasure-during-spontaneous-dance
#6
Nicolò F Bernardi, Antoine Bellemare-Pepin, Isabelle Peretz
Dancing emphasizes the motor expression of emotional experiences. The bodily expression of emotions can modulate the subjective experience of emotions, as when adopting emotion-specific postures and faces. Thus, dancing potentially offers a ground for emotional coping through emotional enhancement and regulation. Here we investigated the emotional responses to music in individuals without any prior dance training while they either freely danced or refrained from movement. Participants were also tested while imitating their own dance movements but in the absence of music as a control condition...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233041/cardiotoxicity-evaluation-of-nine-alkaloids-from-rhizoma-coptis
#7
M Y Zhang, Y Y Yu, S F Wang, Q Zhang, H W Wu, J Y Wei, W Yang, S Y Li, H J Yang
PURPOSE: Alkaloids derived from Rhizoma Coptis (RC) has been widely applied to clinical treatments in China. However, the toxicity of RC and the alkaloids from RC remained controversial. The research is designed to clarify the cardiotoxic compounds found in RC. METHODS: In this study, the real-time cellular analysis cardio system and the high-content analysis were applied to monitor the function of cardiomyocytes (CMs) in the treatment of nine alkaloids in RC. Luciferase-coupled adenosine triphosphate (ATP) assay was used to detect cell viability...
January 1, 2017: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232194/persistent-ventricular-bigeminy-during-anesthesia-in-pediatric-patients-a-case-report-of-an-11-year-old-child
#8
Sheetal Dalal, Vikas Chaudhari
An 11-year-old male child with fractures in both bones in his left forearm presented for open reduction and internal fixation. The pre-anesthetic check-up and investigations did not reveal any pre-existing underlying cardio-respiratory disease. The patient had an uneventful peri-operative period during the operation and was comfortable without any anxiety or restlessness. After an uneventful induction and intubation as per routine protocol, the patient received 600 mg of amoxicillin+clavunate intravenously as an antibiotic...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230643/measuring-fear-of-physical-activity-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#9
Jeremia M Hoffmann, Susan Hellwig, Vincent M Brandenburg, Heike Spaderna
PURPOSE: Fear of physical activity (FoPA) has been suggested as a psychological barrier to exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation and everyday physical activity (PA) in patients with heart failure (HF). We evaluated the recently developed Fear of Activity in Situations-Heart Failure (FActS-HF) questionnaire that assesses affective/cognitive fear reactions to situations of varying PA intensities. METHODS: The FActS-HF was given to 132 ambulatory patients with stable HF (67 ± 12 years, 80% men)...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226955/stem-cells-rescue-cardiomyopathy-induced-by-p-gingivalis-lps-via-mir-181b
#10
Tung-Sheng Chen, Sarnai Battsengel, Chia-Hua Kuo, Lung-Fa Pan, Yueh-Min Lin, Chun-Hsu Yao, Yueh-Sheng Chen, Feng-Huei Lin, Wei-Wen Kuo, Chih-Yang Huang
Systemic inflammation induced by bacterial infection is one of several causative agents for cardiovascular disorders in patients with periodontal disease. Experimental results indicate that miRNAs play important roles in systemic inflammation induced by endotoxins. Further evidence states that stem cell based therapy shows potential in the treatment of inflammatory responses induced by sepsis. This study investigates if stem cells show protective effects on cardiomyocyte damage induced by porphyromonas gingivalis-LPS (Pg-LPS) through regulating miRNAs...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226654/evaluation-of-hepcidin-and-atherosclerosis-in-dialysis-patients
#11
Victor Manolov, Julia Petrova, Boris Bogov, Savina Hadjidekova, Vasil Vasilev, Dyana Yonova, Maria Petrova, Todor Kunchev, Yavor Jelev, Petar Jeliazkov, Borislav Marinov, Ivo Bogov, Zlatina Gramatikova, Silviya Voleva, Kamen Tzatchev, Latchezar Traykov
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a condition that involves 10% - 15% of population worldwide, which increases the risk of cardio-vascular diseases (CVD). Chronic kidney disease is one of the main reasons for illness and mortality in the world. Chronic kidney disease is a serious health problem caused by involvement of a large number of patients with kidney injury, especially in industrial countries. Among the main reasons for this are population living longer and the number of diseases in elderly persons, such as diabetes mellitus type 2, hypertension, and cardio-vascular diseases...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222675/accuracy-of-computed-tomography-for-selecting-the-revascularization-method-based-on-syntax-score-ii
#12
Si Eun Lee, Kyunghwa Han, Jin Hur, Young Jin Kim, Hye-Jeong Lee, Yoo Jin Hong, Dong Jin Im, Byoung Wook Choi
OBJECTIVES: The application of SYNTAX score II based on coronary CT angiography (CCTA) for selecting further treatment options has not been studied. This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic performance of CCTA combined with SYNTAX score II for selecting the revascularization method compared with invasive coronary angiography (ICA) based on 2014 European Society of Cardiology (ESC)/European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS) guidelines. METHODS: From January-May 2011, 160 patients who underwent both CCTA and ICA within 30 interval days were included...
December 8, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221322/recipient-selection-process-and-listing-for-lung-transplantation
#13
REVIEW
Geert M Verleden, Lieven Dupont, Jonas Yserbyt, Veronique Schaevers, Dirk Van Raemdonck, Arne Neyrinck, Robin Vos
Lung transplantation remains the ultimate treatment option for selected patients with end-stage (cardio) pulmonary disease. Given the current organ shortage, it is without any doubt that careful selection of potential transplant candidates is essential as this may greatly influence survival after the procedure. In this paper, we will review the current guidelines for referral and listing of lung transplant candidates in general, and in more depth for the specific underlying diseases. Needless to state that these are not absolute guidelines, and that decisions depend upon center's activity, waiting list, etc...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220680/adherence-to-physical-activity-recommendations-and-physical-and-mental-health-risk-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness-in-uganda
#14
Davy Vancampfort, Michel Probst, David Basangwa, Marc De Hert, Inez Myin-Germeys, Ruud van Winkel, Philip B Ward, Simon Rosenbaum, James Mugisha
This study investigated cardio-metabolic risk factors among patients with severe mental illness who do or do not meet the recommendations of 150min per week of physical activity. A secondary aim was to assess whether those that do meet the recommendations report lower levels of mental health symptoms. 107 (60♀) Ugandan in- and outpatients (mean age=34.4 ± 9.7 years) with severe mental illness (depression=7, bipolar disorder=55, schizophrenia=45) completed the Physical Activity Vital Sign (PAVS) method and Brief Symptoms Inventory -18...
November 29, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219101/health-effects-of-milder-winters-a-review-of-evidence-from-the-united-kingdom
#15
REVIEW
Shakoor Hajat
Cold-related mortality and morbidity remains an important public health problem in the UK and elsewhere. Health burdens have often reported to be higher in the UK compared to other countries with colder climates, however such assessments are usually based on comparison of excess winter mortality indices, which are subject to biases. Daily time-series regression or case-crossover studies provide the best evidence of the acute effects of cold exposure. Such studies report a 6% increase in all-cause deaths in England & Wales for every 1 °C fall in daily mean temperature within the top 5% of the coldest days...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217959/periodontal-therapy-with-0-25-lemongrass-oil-mouthwash-in-reducing-risk-of-cardiovascular-diseases-a-3-arm-prospective-parallel-experimental-study
#16
Dany S Subha, Tangde Pradeep
Background: Periodontal disease is associated with cardiovascular diseases because of its role in host immune-inflammatory response. Serum lipids are the commonest risk factors between periodontal disease and cardiovascular diseases. Materials and Method: A double blinded randomised clinical trial was carried out among 45 subjects with generalised severe periodontitis. They were divided into 3-groups of 15 subjects each. Group A: 0.25% lemongrass oil mouthwash, Group B: 0...
September 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217664/incidence-diagnosis-and-management-of-qt-prolongation-induced-by-cancer-therapies-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Andreu Porta-Sánchez, Cameron Gilbert, Danna Spears, Eitan Amir, Joyce Chan, Kumaraswamy Nanthakumar, Paaladinesh Thavendiranathan
BACKGROUND: The cardiovascular complications of cancer therapeutics are the focus of the burgeoning field of cardio-oncology. A common challenge in this field is the impact of cancer drugs on cardiac repolarization (ie, QT prolongation) and the potential risk for the life-threatening arrhythmia torsades de pointes. Although QT prolongation is not a perfect marker of arrhythmia risk, this has become a primary safety metric among oncologists. Cardiologists caring for patients receiving cancer treatment should become familiar with the drugs associated with QT prolongation, its incidence, and appropriate management strategies to provide meaningful consultation in this complex clinical scenario...
December 7, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217152/advanced-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-cpr-in-the-catheterization-laboratory-consensus-document-of-the-working-groups-of-1-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-acute-cardiac-care-and-2-hemodynamic-and-interventional-cardiology-hellenic-cardiological-society
#18
George Latsios, George Mpompotis, Kostas Tsioufis, Kostas Toutouzas, Emmanouil Skalidis, Andreas Synetos, Dimosthenis Avramidis, Dimitris Tousoulis
The incidence of Cardiac (Cardio-Pulmonary) Arrest (CA) in the Catheterization Laboratory is not common. However, not only does it happen occasionally but its frequency tends to increase due to the increase in the overall number and complexity of interventions performed by interventional cardiologists. Therefore, certified knowledge and application of the ALS (Advanced Life Support) protocols by trained Catheterization Laboratory staff is imperative in many countries, by local Hospital standards and also by Law...
December 4, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216229/factors-associated-with-pre-diabetes-in-tehranian-men-and-women-a-structural-equations-modeling
#19
Parisa Amiri, Sara Jalali-Farahani, Mehrdad Karimi, Reza Taherian, Sara Kazempour-Ardebili, Firoozeh Hosseini-Esfahani, Parvin Mirmiran, Fereidoun Azizi
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations of sex-specific related factors with pre-diabetes in Tehranian non-diabetic adults. METHODS: This study has been conducted within the framework of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS) between 2008-2010. A total of 5568 (55.4% female) non-diabetic adults, aged ≥20 years, selected from among participants of the TLGS, were recruited for the study. Data on socio-behavioral factors, family history of diabetes and cardio-metabolic risk factors were included in the hypothesized model to test their direct and indirect associations with pre-diabetes in men and women separately, using structural equation modeling...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215023/a-pilot-characterization-of-the-human-chronobiome
#20
Carsten Skarke, Nicholas F Lahens, Seth D Rhoades, Amy Campbell, Kyle Bittinger, Aubrey Bailey, Christian Hoffmann, Randal S Olson, Lihong Chen, Guangrui Yang, Thomas S Price, Jason H Moore, Frederic D Bushman, Casey S Greene, Gregory R Grant, Aalim M Weljie, Garret A FitzGerald
Physiological function, disease expression and drug effects vary by time-of-day. Clock disruption in mice results in cardio-metabolic, immunological and neurological dysfunction; circadian misalignment using forced desynchrony increases cardiovascular risk factors in humans. Here we integrated data from remote sensors, physiological and multi-omics analyses to assess the feasibility of detecting time dependent signals - the chronobiome - despite the "noise" attributable to the behavioral differences of free-living human volunteers...
December 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
1192
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"