keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Islet cell transplantation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029025/insulin-deficient-mouse-%C3%AE-cells-do-not-fully-mature-but-can-be-remedied-through-insulin-replacement-by-islet-transplantation
#1
Adam Ramzy, Majid Mojibian, Timothy J Kieffer
Insulin receptor insufficiency in β-cells leads to impaired insulin secretion and reduced β-cell hyperplasia in response to hyperglycemia. Selective insulin receptor deficiency in β-cells in later embryological development may lead to compensatory β-cell hyperplasia. Though these findings suggest insulin signaling on the β-cell is important for β-cell function, they are confounded by loss of signaling by the IGFs through the insulin receptor. To determine if insulin itself is necessary for β-cell development and maturation, we performed a characterization of pancreatic islets in mice with deletions of both non-allelic insulin genes (Ins1-/-Ins2-/-)...
September 27, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018828/repurposing-lesogaberan-to-promote-human-islet-cell-survival-and-%C3%AE-cell-replication
#2
Jide Tian, Hoa Dang, Angela Hu, Willem Xu, Daniel L Kaufman
The activation of β-cell's A- and B-type gamma-aminobutyric acid receptors (GABAA-Rs and GABAB-Rs) can promote their survival and replication, and the activation of α-cell GABAA-Rs promotes their conversion into β-cells. However, GABA and the most clinically applicable GABA-R ligands may be suboptimal for the long-term treatment of diabetes due to their pharmacological properties or potential side-effects on the central nervous system (CNS). Lesogaberan (AZD3355) is a peripherally restricted high-affinity GABAB-R-specific agonist, originally developed for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) that appears to be safe for human use...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984038/beta-cell-replacement-strategies-for-diabetes
#3
Timothy J Kieffer, Knut Woltjen, Kenji Osafune, Daisuke Yabe, Nobuya Inagaki
Diabetes is characterized by elevated levels of blood glucose as a result of insufficient production of insulin from loss or dysfunction of pancreatic islet beta cells. Here we review several approaches to replace beta cells that were recently discussed at a symposium held in Kyoto, Japan. Transplant of donor human islets can effectively treat diabetes and eliminate the need for insulin injections, supporting research aimed at identifying abundant supplies of cells. Studies demonstrating the feasibility of producing mouse islets in rats support the concept of generating pigs with human pancreas that can serve as donors of human islets, although scientific and ethical challenges remain...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975176/deformability-based-microfluidic-separation-of-pancreatic-islets-from-exocrine-acinar-tissue-for-transplant-applications
#4
Walter B Varhue, Linda Langman, Molly Kelly-Goss, Morgan Lataillade, Kenneth L Brayman, Shayn Peirce-Cottler, Nathan S Swami
The long-term management of type-1 diabetes (T1D) is currently achieved through lifelong exogenous insulin injections. Although there is no cure for T1D, transplantation of pancreatic islets of Langerhans has the potential to restore normal endocrine function versus the morbidity of hypoglycemic unawareness that is commonly associated with sudden death among fragile diabetics. However, since endocrine islet tissues form a small proportion of the pancreas, sufficient islet numbers can be reached only by combining islets from multiple organ donors and the transplant plug contains significantly high levels of exocrine acinar tissue, thereby exacerbating immune responses...
October 4, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968432/gene-expression-signature-predicts-human-islet-integrity-and-transplant-functionality-in-diabetic-mice
#5
Sunil M Kurian, Kevin Ferreri, Chia-Hao Wang, Ivan Todorov, Ismail H Al-Abdullah, Jeffrey Rawson, Yoko Mullen, Daniel R Salomon, Fouad Kandeel
There is growing evidence that transplantation of cadaveric human islets is an effective therapy for type 1 diabetes. However, gauging the suitability of islet samples for clinical use remains a challenge. We hypothesized that islet quality is reflected in the expression of specific genes. Therefore, gene expression in 59 human islet preparations was analyzed and correlated with diabetes reversal after transplantation in diabetic mice. Analysis yielded 262 differentially expressed probesets, which together predict islet quality with 83% accuracy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963731/ex-vivo-expanded-baboon-cd39%C3%A2-%C3%A2-regulatory-t-cells-prevent-rejection-of-porcine-islet-xenografts-in-nod-scid-il-2r%C3%AE-mice-reconstituted-with-baboon-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells
#6
Dandan Huang, Ya Wang, Wayne J Hawthorne, Min Hu, Joanne Hawkes, Heather Burns, Sussan Davies, Feng Gao, Yi Vee Chew, Shounan Yi, Philip J O'Connell
BACKGROUND: A high immunosuppressive burden is required for long-term islet xenograft survival in non-human primates even using genetically modified donor pigs. AIMS: We aimed to investigate the capacity of baboon regulatory T cells (Treg) to suppress islet xenograft rejection, thereby developing a potential immunoregulatory or tolerance therapy that could be evaluated in NHP models of xenotransplantation. MATERIALS & METHODS: Baboon Treg expanded with stimulation by porcine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were characterized by cell phenotyping and suppressive activity assays in vitro...
September 30, 2017: Xenotransplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963457/kinetics-of-functional-beta-cell-mass-decay-in-a-diphtheria-toxin-receptor-mouse-model-of-diabetes
#7
Pim P van Krieken, Andrea Dicker, Maria Eriksson, Pedro L Herrera, Ulf Ahlgren, Per-Olof Berggren, Erwin Ilegems
Functional beta cell mass is an essential biomarker for the diagnosis and staging of diabetes. It has however proven technically challenging to study this parameter during diabetes progression. Here we have detailed the kinetics of the rapid decline in functional beta cell mass in the RIP-DTR mouse, a model of hyperglycemia resulting from diphtheria toxin induced beta cell ablation. A novel combination of imaging modalities was employed to study the pattern of beta cell destruction. Optical projection tomography of the pancreas and longitudinal in vivo confocal microscopy of islets transplanted into the anterior chamber of the eye allowed to investigate kinetics and tomographic location of beta cell mass decay in individual islets as well as at the entire islet population level...
September 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962846/tunable-injectable-alginate-based-hydrogel-for-cell-therapy-in-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#8
Albert Espona-Noguera, Jesús Ciriza, Alberto Cañibano-Hernández, Luis Fernandez, Ignacio Ochoa, Laura Saenz Del Burgo, Jose Luis Pedraz
Islet transplantation has the potential of reestablishing naturally-regulated insulin production in Type 1 diabetic patients. Nevertheless, this procedure is limited due to the low islet survival after transplantation and the lifelong immunosuppression to avoid rejection. Islet embedding within a biocompatible matrix provides mechanical protection and a physical barrier against the immune system thus, increasing islet survival. Alginate is the preferred biomaterial used for embedding insulin-producing cells because of its biocompatibility, low toxicity and ease of gelation...
September 27, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962589/multipotent-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-enhance-insulin-secretion-from-human-islets-via-n-cadherin-interaction-and-prolong-function-of-transplanted-encapsulated-islets-in-mice
#9
Elisa Montanari, Raphael P H Meier, Redouan Mahou, Jörg D Seebach, Christine Wandrey, Sandrine Gerber-Lemaire, Leo H Buhler, Carmen Gonelle-Gispert
BACKGROUND: Multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) enhance viability and function of islets of Langerhans. We aimed to examine the interactions between human MSC and human islets of Langerhans that influence the function of islets. METHODS: Human MSC and human islets (or pseudoislets, obtained after digestion and reaggregation of islet cells) were cocultured with or without cellular contact and glucose-stimulated insulin secretion assays were performed to assess cell function...
September 29, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951824/intraocular-in%C3%A2-vivo-imaging-of-pancreatic-islet-cell-physiology-pathology
#10
REVIEW
Ingo B Leibiger, Per-Olof Berggren
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus has reached epidemic proportions and requires new strategies for treatment. Unfortunately, the efficacy of treatment regimens on maintaining/re-gaining functional beta cell mass can, at the present, only be determined indirectly. Direct monitoring of beta cell mass is complicated by the anatomy of the endocrine pancreas, which consists of thousands to a million of discrete micro-organs, i.e. islets of Langerhans, which are scattered throughout the pancreas...
September 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949067/loss-of-end-differentiated-beta-cell-phenotype-following-pancreatic-islet-transplantation
#11
S J Anderson, M G White, S L Armour, R Maheshwari, D Tiniakos, Y D Muller, E Berishvili, T Berney, J Am Shaw
Replacement of pancreatic β-cells through deceased donor islet transplantation is a proven therapy for preventing recurrent life-threatening hypoglycemia in type 1 diabetes. Although near-normal glucose levels and insulin independence can be maintained for many years following successful islet transplantation, restoration of normal functional β-cell mass has remained elusive. It has recently been proposed that dedifferentiation / plasticity towards other endocrine phenotypes may play an important role in stress-induced β-cell dysfunction in type 2 diabetes...
September 26, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941330/purity-of-islet-preparations-and-5-year-metabolic-outcome-of-allogenic-islet-transplantation
#12
K Benomar, M Chetboun, S Espiard, A Jannin, K Le Mapihan, V Gmyr, R Caiazzo, F Torres, V Raverdy, C Bonner, D'Herbomez, P Pigny, C Noel, J Kerr-Conte, F Pattou, M C Vantyghem
In allogenic islet transplantation (IT), high purity of islet preparations and low contamination by non-islet cells are generally favored. The aim of the present study was to analyze the relation between the purity of transplanted preparations, and graft function during 5 years post-IT. Twenty-four type 1 diabetic patients, followed-up 5 years after IT, were enrolled. Metabolic parameters and daily insulin requirements were compared between patients who received islet preparations with a mean purity < 50% (LOW purity) or ≥50% (HIGH purity)...
September 23, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940946/islet-neuropeptide-y-receptors-are-functionally-conserved-and-novel-targets-for-the-preservation-of-beta-cell-mass
#13
Z J Franklin, A Tsakmaki, P Fonseca Pedro, A J King, G C Huang, S J Persaud, G A Bewick
OBJECTIVE: Two unmet therapeutic strategies for diabetes treatment are prevention of beta-cell death and stimulation of beta-cell replication. Our aim was to characterise the role of Neuropeptide Y receptors in the control of beta-cell mass. METHODS: We used endogenous and selective agonists of the NPY receptor system to explore its role in the prevention of beta-cell apoptosis and proliferation in islets isolated from both mouse and human donors. We further explored the intra-cellular signalling cascades involved using chemical inhibitors of key signalling pathways...
September 22, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937406/tolerance-in-xenotransplantation
#14
Kazuhiko Yamada, Megan Sykes, David H Sachs
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review describes recent progress in tolerance-inducing strategies across xenogeneic immunological barriers as well as the potential benefit of a tolerance strategy for islets and kidney xenotransplantation. RECENT FINDINGS: Using advanced gene editing technologies, xenotransplantation from multitransgenic alpha-1,3-galactosyltransferase knockout pigs has demonstrated marked prolongation of renal xenograft survival, ranging from days to greater than several months for life-supporting kidneys, and more than 2 years in a heterotopic nonlife-supporting cardiac xenograft model...
September 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934349/the-association-between-acute-graft-versus-host-disease-and-antimicrobial-peptide-expression-in-the-gastrointestinal-tract-after-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation
#15
Daniela Weber, Katrin Frauenschläger, Sakhila Ghimire, Katrin Peter, Isabella Panzer, Andreas Hiergeist, Markus Weber, Daniel Kutny, Daniel Wolff, Matthias Grube, Elisabeth Huber, Peter Oefner, Andre Gessner, Thomas Hehlgans, Wolfgang Herr, Ernst Holler
Intestinal microbiota disruption is associated with acute gastrointestinal (GI) Graft-versus-Host Disease (GvHD) and poor outcome after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (ASCT). Here, in a retrospective analysis of 200 patients undergoing ASCT at the Regensburg University Medical Center, we assessed the relative expression of Paneth cell antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), Human Defensins (HD) 5 and 6 and regenerating islet-derived 3α (Reg3α), in 292 human intestinal biopsies as well as Reg3α serum levels in relation to acute GI GvHD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932650/gene-editing-gene-therapy-and-cell-xenotransplantation-cell-transplantation-across-species
#16
REVIEW
Nizar I Mourad, Pierre Gianello
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cell xenotransplantation has the potential to provide a safe, ethically acceptable, unlimited source for cell replacement therapies. This review focuses on genetic modification strategies aimed to overcome remaining hurdles standing in the way of clinical porcine islet transplantation and to develop neural cell xenotransplantation. RECENT FINDINGS: In addition to previously described genetic modifications aimed to mitigate hyperacute rejection, instant blood-mediated inflammatory reaction, and cell-mediated rejection, new data showing the possibility of increasing porcine islet insulin secretion by transgenesis is an interesting addition to the array of genetically modified pigs available for xenotransplantation...
2017: Current Transplantation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931519/beta-cell-replacement-in-mice-using-human-type-1-diabetes-nuclear-transfer-embryonic-stem-cells
#17
Lina Sui, Nichole Danzl, Sean R Campbell, Ryan Viola, Damian Williams, Yuan Xing, Yong Wang, Neil Phillips, Greg Poffenberger, Bjarki Johannesson, Jose Oberholzer, Alvin C Powers, Rudolph L Leibel, Xiaojuan Chen, Megan Sykes, Dieter Egli
Beta cells derived from stem cells hold great promise for cell replacement therapy for diabetes. Here we examine the ability of nuclear transfer embryonic stem cells (NT-ES) derived from a type 1 diabetes patient to differentiate into beta cells, and provide a source of autologous islets for cell replacement. NT-ES cells differentiate in vitro with an average efficiency of 55% into C-peptide-positive cells, expressing markers of mature beta cells, including MAFA and NKX6.1. Upon transplantation in immunodeficient mice, grafted cells form vascularized islet-like structures containing MAFA/C-peptide-positive cells...
September 20, 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929188/differential-modulation-of-il-12-family-cytokines-in-autoimmune-islet-graft-failure-in-mice
#18
Feng-Cheng Chou, Heng-Yi Chen, Hsin-Hui Chen, Gu-Jiun Lin, Shih-Hua Lin, Huey-Kang Sytwu
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The relative contribution of T helper (Th)1 and Th17 cells in graft rejection is inconclusive, on the basis of evidence provided by different T cell-related cytokine-deficient animal models and graft types. METHODS: We used novel antigen-presenting-cell-specific Il-12p35 (also known as Il12a)-knockout (KO), IL-23p19-knockdown (KD) and IL-27p28-KD strategies to investigate T cell differentiation in islet graft rejection. RESULTS: In vitro dendritic cell-T cell coculture experiments revealed that dendritic cells from Il-12p35-KO and IL-23p19-KD mice showed reduced ability to stimulate IFN-γ and IL-17 production in T cells, respectively...
September 19, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918023/repression-of-coup-tfi-improves-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cell-differentiation-into-insulin-producing-cells
#19
Tao Zhang, Xiao-Hang Li, Dian-Bao Zhang, Xiao-Yu Liu, Feng Zhao, Xue-Wen Lin, Rui Wang, Hong-Xin Lang, Xi-Ning Pang
Identifying molecular mechanisms that regulate insulin expression in bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (bmMSCs) can provide clues on how to stimulate the differentiation of bmMSCs into insulin-producing cells (IPCs), which can be used as a therapeutic approach against type 1 diabetes (T1D). As repression factors may inhibit differentiation, the efficiency of this process is insufficient for cell transplantation. In this study, we used the mouse insulin 2 (Ins2) promoter sequence and performed a DNA affinity precipitation assay combined with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry to identify the transcription factor, chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter transcriptional factor I (COUP-TFI)...
September 15, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915137/xenoislets-porcine-pancreatic-islets-for-the-treatment-of-type-i-diabetes
#20
Nizar I Mourad, Pierre Rene Gianello
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Porcine islets are being extensively investigated as alternative sources of insulin-secreting cells for transplantation in insulin-dependent diabetic patients. The present review focuses on recent advances in porcine islet transplantation with particular emphasis on new transgenic pig models, islet encapsulation, and biosafety considerations. RECENT FINDINGS: Genetic modifications aimed to reduce islet cell immunogenicity, to prolong their survival, and to improve their secretory function have been reported...
September 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
keyword
keyword
119195
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"