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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722245/patient-blood-management-in-obstetrics-management-of-anaemia-and-haematinic-deficiencies-in-pregnancy-and-in-the-post-partum-period-nata-consensus-statement
#1
M Muñoz, J P Peña-Rosas, S Robinson, N Milman, W Holzgreve, C Breymann, F Goffinet, J Nizard, F Christory, C-M Samama, J-F Hardy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722125/a-temperature-gradient-may-support-mother-infant-thermal-identification-and-communication-in-the-breast-crawl-from-birth-to-breastfeeding
#2
Vincenzo Zanardo, Francesca Volpe, Federico de Luca, Gianluca Straface
AIM: The human female's nipple-areolar complex (NAC) is the point of arrival of a natural progression from birth to breastfeeding, linked to functional, chemical and biophysical cues that promote the breast crawl soon after birth. We investigated the thermal gradient generated by the lips of the neonate and warmth of the NAC, which may drive the infant directly to the nipple. METHODS: We prospectively studied 41 full-term singleton infants and their mothers at the Policlinico Abano Terme, Italy, between 1 January to 28 February 2015...
July 19, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709079/breastfeeding-initiation-duration-and-exclusivity-in-mothers-with-epilepsy-from-south-west-china
#3
Nanya Hao, Han Jiang, Mengqian Wu, Tianying Pan, Bo Yan, Jie Liu, Jie Mu, Wenyu Liu, Jinmei Li, Terence J O'Brien, Zhibin Chen, Frank Vajda, Dong Zhou
PURPOSES: 1) To study the breastfeeding initiation, duration and exclusivity rates, and common reasons for early weaning in Chinese mothers with epilepsy (MWE); 2) To identify potential perinatal breastfeeding correlations with selected sociodemographic and clinical factors. METHODS: A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to 281 MWE attending hospitals in South-west China from February 2014 to July 2015. Data about breastfeeding behaviors, sociodemographic, obstetric, and epileptic variables were collected...
June 30, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708523/timing-of-transcriptomic-and-proteomic-changes-in-the-bovine-placentome-after-parturition
#4
Anthony K McNeel, Jeff D Ondrak, Olivia L Amundson, Tara H Fountain, Elane C Wright, Katherine J Whitman, Carol G Chitko-McKown, Shuna A Jones, Chadwick C Chase, Robert A Cushman
Proper post-partum reproductive performance is important for reproductive efficiency in beef cows, and dystocia decreases post-partum fertility. Crossbred beef cows (n = 1676) were evaluated for lifetime performance based on degree of dystocia at presentation of the first calf. Cows that experienced moderate or severe dystocia produced fewer calves during their productive life (P < 0.01). The exact mechanism is unclear, but may be due to the contributions of dystocia to abnormal placental separation...
May 27, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707719/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-application-in-post-partum-hemorrhage-patients-is-post-partum-hemorrhage-contraindicated
#5
Kuan-Ying Huang, Yi-Ping Li, Shin-Yu Lin, Jin-Chung Shih, Yih-Sharng Chen, Chien-Nan Lee
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is commonly used in patients who experience circulatory arrest or significant cardiac dysfunction and is associated with improved clinical outcomes. We conducted a retrospective observational study on ECMO application at a single tertiary center over a five-year period. Five patients who suffered post-partum hemorrhage resulting from uterine atony were treated with ECMO. The mean age was 36.8 ± 3.9 years; the mean gestational age was 37.8 ± 2.2 weeks; the initial mean maternal hemoglobin level was 5...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707101/the-use-of-acog-guidelines-perceived-contraindications-to-iud-and-implant-use-among-family-planning-providers
#6
Ash E Philliber, Heather Hirsch, Claire D Brindis, Rita Turner, Susan Philliber
Objectives The uptake and actual use of the current guidelines from the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) is unknown. Methods Family planning providers across Colorado and Iowa were surveyed as part of statewide initiatives to reduce unintended pregnancy in 2010 and 2012, both before and after the release of the guidelines. These initiatives focused on the promotion of intrauterine devices (IUDs) and implants. These surveys included questions on providers' views regarding the suitability and safety of the copper T IUD, hormonal IUD, and single rod implant for various subgroups of clients...
July 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706733/the-effect-of-characteristics-of-proteins-fed-during-gestation-and-lactation-on-development-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-dams-and-male-offspring-of-wistar-rats
#7
A Jahan-Mihan, C A Labyak, A Y Arikawa
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to examine the role of characteristics of proteins in maternal and weaning diets on risk of metabolic syndrome in male offspring. METHODS: Pregnant Wistar rats were allocated to two groups (n = 12) and were fed the AIN-93G diets based on either intact protein-based diet (IPD) or mixed amino acid-based diet (AAD) from day 3 of gestation throughout gestation and lactation. Male offspring were weaned to either an IPD or AAD diet for 18 weeks...
June 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706363/comparative-study-of-efficacy-and-safety-of-ferric-carboxymaltose-versus-iron-sucrose-in-post-partum-anaemia
#8
Nalini Sharma, J Lalnunnem Thiek, Tanie Natung, Santa Singh Ahanthem
BACKGROUND: The incidence of post-partum anaemia (PPA) is 14-24%. Treatment of PPA with injectable iron replenishes the iron store. Ferric carboxymaltose complex (FCM) is a non-dextran containing intravenous iron agent, having a very low immunogenic potential, designed to be administered in large doses in a short period of time. OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of intravenous FCM and iron sucrose (IS) in post-partum iron-deficiency anaemia. MATERIAL AND METHOD: In this prospective, comparative study, 120 post-partum women with iron-deficiency anaemia (Hb < 10 g%) were divided into two groups...
August 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701333/risk-of-post-pregnancy-hypertension-in-women-with-a-history-of-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-nationwide-cohort-study
#9
Ida Behrens, Saima Basit, Mads Melbye, Jacob A Lykke, Jan Wohlfahrt, Henning Bundgaard, Baskaran Thilaganathan, Heather A Boyd
Objectives To determine how soon after delivery the risk of post-pregnancy hypertension increases in women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and how the risk evolves over time.Design Nationwide register based cohort study.Setting Denmark.Populations 482 972 primiparous women with a first live birth or stillbirth between 1995 and 2012 (cumulative incidence analyses), and 1 025 118 women with at least one live birth or stillbirth between 1978 and 2012 (Cox regression analyses).Main outcome measures 10 year cumulative incidences of post-pregnancy hypertension requiring treatment with prescription drugs, and hazard ratios estimated using Cox regression...
July 12, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701256/toll-like-receptor-expression-patterns-in-the-rat-uterus-during-post-partum-involution
#10
Emel Alan, Narin Liman
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) belong to a family of pathogen recognition receptors and play critical roles in detecting and responding to invading pathogens. TLR expression could be significant because, in the uterus, the reproductive tract is an important site of exposure to and infection by pathogens during the post partum involution period. To clarify the expression and localisation patterns of TLRs in the rat uterus on Days 1, 3, 5 and 10 post partum (PP1, PP3, PP5 and PP10 respectively), immunohistochemistry and western blotting were used to analyse TLR1-7, TLR9 and TLR10...
July 13, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698759/effect-of-free-maternal-health-care-program-on-health-seeking-behaviour-of-women-during-pregnancy-intra-partum-and-postpartum-periods-in-cross-river-state-of-nigeria-a-mixed-method-study
#11
Betta Chimaobim Edu, Thomas U Agan, Emmanuel Monjok, Krystyna Makowiecka
BACKGROUND: Increasing the percentage of maternal health service utilization in health facilities, through cost-removal policy is important in reducing maternal deaths. The Cross River State Government of Nigeria introduced a cost-removal policy in 2009, under the umbrella of "PROJECT HOPE" where free maternal health services are provided. Since its inception, there has been no formal evaluation of its effectiveness. AIM: This study aims to evaluate the effect of the free maternal health care program on the health care-seeking behaviours of pregnant women in Cross River State, Nigeria...
June 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698073/does-a-body-mass-index-greater-than-25kg-m-2-increase-maternal-and-neonatal-morbidity-a-french-historical-cohort-study
#12
P Deruelle, E Servan-Schreiber, O Riviere, C Garabedian, F Vendittelli
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate, in a French multicenter cohort, the risk of C-section based on a high pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI). Secondary objectives were to assess the risk of elective C-section, severe post-partum hemorrhage (>1L), severe perineal tears (3rd and 4th degree) and neonatal complications according to pre-pregnancy BMI. STUDY DESIGN: This historical cohort study analyzed records from the French AUDIPOG perinatal database. Inclusion criteria were deliveries≥22 weeks (or with a birth weight≥500g)...
July 8, 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694195/hemoglobins-emerging-roles-in-mental-disorders-metabolical-genetical-and-immunological-aspects
#13
REVIEW
Meric A Altinoz, Bahri Ince
Hemoglobin (Hb) expression in the central nervous system is recently shown. Cooccurences of mental disorders (mainly bipolar disorder (BD) and tic disorders) with β- or α-thalassemia trait or erythrocytosis were witnessed, which may be due to peripheral or central hypoxia/hyperoxia or haplotypal gene interactions. β-Globin genes reside at 11p15.5 close to tyrosine hydroxylase, dopamine receptor DRD4 and Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor, which involve in psychiatric diseases. α-Globin genes reside at 16p13...
July 8, 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691228/intra-and-post-partum-acute-aortic-dissection-stanford-type-b-report-of-two-cases
#14
Mitsuhiro Tsuritani, Chizuko A Kamiya, Masami Sawada, Chinami Horiuchi, Naoko Iwanaga, Jun Yoshimatsu
Pregnancy with Marfan syndrome (MFS) presents challenges to the clinician because of the increased incidence of maternal cardiovascular complications, including acute aortic dissection (ADD) and the involvement of the fetus owing to the urgency of the need for surgery and the low likelihood of survival with premature delivery. Patient 1 was a 36-year-old pregnant Japanese woman with MFS who was referred at 16 gestational weeks with aortic root diameter 35.1 mm. Stanford type B AAD occurred on delivery without evident blood pressure changes...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689089/a-qualitative-study-of-barriers-and-facilitators-in-treating-drug-use-among-israeli-mothers-an-intersectional-perspective
#15
Keren Gueta
RATIONALE: Despite the benefits and availability of drug treatment in Western countries, research has shown low utilisation rates, especially by mothers. Studies have indicated internal barriers (e.g., shame) and external/structural barriers (e.g., poverty) to women's utilisation of drug treatment, but little is known about the interrelated axes of marginalization that create such barriers and, even less, facilitators of treatment. A promising avenue for examining this path may be the theoretical perspective of intersectionality, which has often been used to illustrate how women's experiences are shaped by gender in conjunction with other factors, including class, age, and race...
June 27, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684702/phytosterols-from-dunaliella-tertiolecta-reduce-cell-proliferation-in-sheep-fed-flaxseed-during-post-partum
#16
Maria Giovanna Ciliberti, Matteo Francavilla, Simona Intini, Marzia Albenzio, Rosaria Marino, Antonella Santillo, Mariangela Caroprese
The post partum period is characterized by immunosuppression and increased disease susceptibility. Both phytosterols from microalga Dunaniella tertiolecta and dietary supplementation with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) influence cell proliferation and cytokine release during inflammation. The objective of this paper was the evaluation of the effects of physterols, extracted and purified from D. tertiolecta, on the in vitro immune responses of ewes supplemented with flaxseed during post partum. Twenty Comisana parturient ewes were divided in two balanced groups, and supplemented with flaxseed (FS, 250 g/day) or fed with a conventional diet (CON)...
July 6, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681178/heart-disease-and-pregnancy
#17
REVIEW
Reza Ashrafi, Stephanie L Curtis
Cardiac disease remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in pregnant and post-partum women, although progress has been made, with specialist joint obstetric-cardiology clinics providing an integrated, safe and personalised service to these women. As a result, fewer non-specialist cardiologists are managing women in pregnancy with cardiovascular disease. The aim of this review is to provide a brief overview of current knowledge and practice in the field, with an emphasis on the major physiological changes which occur during pregnancy, focussing on progress through the trimesters, clinical assessment in pregnancy, management of delivery (concentrating on managed vaginal delivery), drug treatment, key conditions and risk assessment...
July 5, 2017: Cardiology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680468/a-rare-cause-of-hypertension-in-pregnancy-phaeochromocytoma
#18
Sonali Shah, Lindsay Edwards, Andrew Robinson, Amy Crosthwaite, Christine Houlihan, Kathy Paizis
A 26-year-old primigravida at 35 weeks' gestation was transferred to our institution from a regional hospital for management of presumed preeclampsia. Due to the labile nature of her hypertension, further investigation was undertaken which revealed a right-sided phaeochromocytoma. Alpha blockade was commenced, and an uncomplicated elective caesarean delivery was performed at 38 weeks' gestation under spinal anaesthetic. The patient underwent an elective right laparoscopic adrenalectomy six weeks post-partum...
June 2017: Obstetric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678599/benefits-of-physical-activities-centered-on-the-trunk-for-pregnant-women
#19
Eric Watelain, Antonio Pinti, Racha Doya, Cyril Garnier, Hechmi Toumi, Samuel Boudet
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of a trunk exercise program on pain, quality of life (QoL) and physical health (PH) in the late pregnancy and post-partum periods as well as baby weight and size and delivery. METHODS: 90 nulliparous women were allocated based on voluntarism to a training group (TG) or to a control group (CG). TG carried out a structured program with exercises for flexibility, balance and strengthening for the majority of skeletal muscles specifically for the spinal ones, between the 24th and 36th week of pregnancy...
July 5, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673032/non-invasive-management-of-post-partum-spontaneous-left-main-coronary-artery-dissection-using-cardiac-computed-tomography-angiography
#20
Avinoam Shiran, Salim Adawi, Ronen Rubinshtein, Mordechai Bardicef, Eli Gutterman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
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