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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215873/can-the-amount-of-digestible-undegraded-protein-offered-to-ewes-in-late-pregnancy-affect-the-periparturient-change-in-resistance-to-gastrointestinal-nematodes
#1
Rocco S Sebastiano, Torres Sweeney, Timothy W J Keady, James P Hanrahan, Barbara Good
Ewes experience a temporary decline in resistance to gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) during the periparturient period, characterised by a rise in faecal egg count (FEC) that represents a major source of pasture contamination for naïve progeny. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of level of supplementation with digestible undegraded protein (DUP) during the last 6 weeks of pregnancy on periparturient FEC and the performance of ewes with a naturally acquired parasite infection. Eighty-five Belclare and Belclare x Scottish Blackface twin/triplet-bearing ewes were allocated to 1 of 4 dietary groups representing the combination of 2 concentrates (DUP concentration 29 and 94g/kg dry matter) with 2 levels of concentrate during the final 6 weeks of gestation (18 and 30kg in total for ewes with twins; 24 and 35kg for ewes with triplets)...
February 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214435/evaluation-of-fertility-after-operative-hysteroscopy-to-remove-retained-products-of-conception
#2
Louise Sonnier, Antoine Torre, Pauline Broux, Arnaud Fauconnier, Cyrille Huchon
: Evaluation of fertility after operative hysteroscopy to remove retained products of conception. OBJECTIVE: To study fertility after operative hysteroscopy for the management of prolonged trophoblastic retention, and the complications of this procedure. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort in a university hospital. RESULTS: 115 patients underwent operative hysteroscopy for the treatment of prolonged post-partum and post-abortum retention between January 2008 and December 2011...
February 6, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209484/successful-provision-of-inter-hospital-extracorporeal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-for-acute-post-partum-pulmonary-embolism
#3
C McDonald, J Laurie, S Janssens, C Zazulak, P Kotze, K Shekar
Mortality during pregnancy in a well-resourced setting is rare, but acute pulmonary embolism is one of the leading causes. We present the successful use of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (eCPR) in a 22-year old woman who experienced cardiopulmonary collapse following urgent caesarean section in the setting of a sub-massive pulmonary embolus. Resources and personnel to perform eCPR were not available at the maternity hospital and were recruited from an adjacent pediatric hospital. Initial care used low blood flow extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) with pediatric ECMO circuitry, which was optimized when the team from a nearby adult cardiac hospital arrived...
January 9, 2017: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208947/delayed-uterine-necrosis-rare-cause-of-nonhealing-wound
#4
Aruna Nigam, Neha Gupta, Arifa A Elahi, Zeeba S Jairajpuri, Swaraj Batra
Uterine necrosis is a very rare condition and most of the reported cases occurred after pelvic arterial embolization for post-partum haemorrhage, embolization of fibroid uterus or application of B-Lynch sutures. A case of delayed myometrial necrosis is reported in post-cesarean patient where no embolization or uterine compression sutures have been applied. Patient presented with foul smelling discharge from the gaped abdominal wound following caesarean section. Abdomen was closed after exploration and lavage...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205255/effect-of-postnatal-hiv-treatment-on-clinical-mastitis-and-breast-inflammation-in-hiv-infected-breast-feeding-women
#5
Sabrina Zadrozny, Daniel Westreich, Michael G Hudgens, Charles Chasela, Denise J Jamieson, Francis Martinson, Chifundo Zimba, Gerald Tegha, Irving Hoffman, William C Miller, Brian W Pence, Caroline C King, Athena P Kourtis, Wezi Msungama, Charles van der Horst
BACKGROUND: The relationship between mastitis and antiretroviral therapy among HIV-positive, breast-feeding women is unclear. METHODS: In the Breastfeeding, Antiretrovirals, and Nutrition (BAN) study, conducted in Lilongwe, Malawi, 2369 mother-infant pairs were randomized to a nutritional supplement group and to one of three treatment groups: maternal antiretroviral therapy (ART), infant nevirapine (NVP) or standard of care for 24 weeks of exclusive breast-feeding and 4 weeks of weaning...
February 16, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203373/a-silent-skull-metastatic-follicular-thyroid-carcinoma-mimicking-as-a-benign-scalp-tumor-in-a-pregnant-woman
#6
Tsung-Chun Huang, Yu-Kai Cheng, Tsung-Wei Chen, Yung-Chang Hsu, En-Wei Liu, Hsin-Han Chen
: Thyroid cancer with cranial metastasis in a pregnant woman is very rare. In the literature, most cases are diagnosed early from neurogenic signs or symptomatic thyroid gland. Pregnancy also contributes to a hesitation toward early surgical and medical treatments. We reported a scalp tumor in a physically healthy 37-year-old pregnant female with a follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) with lung, bone and cranial metastasis in initial presentation. Silent neurogenic and physical examinations make an early diagnosis very challenging...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201937/selenium-methionine-and-chromium-methionine-supplementation-of-sheep-around-parturition-impacts-on-dam-and-offspring-performance
#7
Amir Mousaie, Reza Valizadeh, Mahmoud Chamsaz
To examine the effects of maternal energy restriction along with selenium-methionine (Se-Met) and chromium-methionine (Cr-Met) supplementation on performance of pregnant sheep and their offspring, the following treatments were allotted randomly to 40 multiparous Baluchi ewes (53.9 ± 1.15 kg of body weight [BW]) from 5 weeks prior to 5 weeks after parturition: (1) Control diet (60% and 100% of NRC energy requirements in pre- and post-partum, respectively); (2) Control diet plus 5 mg Se-Met/kg dry matter (DM); (3) Control diet plus 3 mg Cr-Met/kg DM and (4) Control diet plus 5 mg Se-Met and 3 mg Cr-Met/kg DM (Se-Cr-Met) of concentrate diet...
April 2017: Archives of Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194690/impact-of-pregnancy-and-gender-on-internal-medicine-resident-evaluations-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Megan L Krause, Muhamad Y Elrashidi, Andrew J Halvorsen, Furman S McDonald, Amy S Oxentenko
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy and its impact on graduate medical training are not well understood. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of gender and pregnancy for Internal Medicine (IM) residents on evaluations by peers and faculty. DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study. SUBJECTS: All IM residents in training from July 1, 2004-June 30, 2014, were included. Female residents who experienced pregnancy and male residents whose partners experienced pregnancy during training were identified using an existing administrative database...
February 13, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190895/clinical-question-in-post-partum-first-time-mothers-what-interventions-are-successful-for-helping-women-sustain-exclusive-breast-feeding-for-one-month-or-more
#9
Mai-Thao Nguyen, Gabriella Snow, Heather Wheeler, Tomas Owens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190486/randomised-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-effect-of-foot-trimming-before-and-after-first-calving-on-subsequent-lameness-episodes-and-productivity-in-dairy-heifers
#10
S A Mahendran, J N Huxley, Y-M Chang, M Burnell, D C Barrett, H R Whay, T Blackmore, C S Mason, N J Bell
The objective of this study was to assess both independent and combined effects of routine foot trimming of heifers at 3 weeks pre-calving and 100 days post calving on the first lactation lameness and lactation productivity. A total of 419 pre-calving dairy heifers were recruited from one heifer rearing operation over a 10-month period. Heifers were randomly allocated into one of four foot trimming regimens; pre-calving foot trim and post-calving lameness score (Group TL), pre-calving lameness score and post-calving foot trim (Group LT), pre-calving foot trim and post-calving foot trim (Group TT), and pre-calving lameness score and post-calving lameness score (Group LL, control group)...
February 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182668/cross-sectional-study-of-mode-of-delivery-and-maternal-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-mainland-china
#11
Lei Hou, Susan Hellerstein, Allison Vitonis, Liying Zou, Yan Ruan, Xin Wang, Weiyuan Zhang
BACKGROUND: Cesarean delivery (CD) rates have risen globally with nearly 50% of the non-indicated CDs worldwide in China and Brazil. In China's One Child Policy era (1979-2015) most deliveries were women having their only child. Family size is a major determinant of the safety of medically non-indicated CD or CD on maternal request. The goal of this study is to document CD rates, indications, and analyze the relative safety of non-indicated CD compared to SVD and intrapartum CD. METHODS: Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses of the association between mode of delivery and short-term maternal and perinatal outcomes were performed on a cross-section of all deliveries at 39 hospitals in 14 provinces of China in 2011, presented as adjusted odds ratio (aOR), 99% confidence intervals (CI)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177361/effects-of-temperament-on-physiological-productive-and-reproductive-responses-in-beef-cows
#12
R F Cooke, K M Schubach, R S Marques, R F G Peres, L G T Silva, R S Carvalho, R S Cipriano, D W Bohnert, A V Pires, J L M Vasconcelos
This experiment evaluated the effects of temperament on physiological, productive, and reproductive responses in beef cows. A total of 953 lactating, multiparous, non-pregnant Nelore cows (age = 99 ± 2 mo; days post-partum = 51.4 ± 0.3 d; BCS = 5.34 ± 0.04; BW = 430 ± 2 kg) were allocated into 8 groups of approximately 120 cows each. Groups were assigned to an estrus synchronization + timed-AI protocol at the beginning of the breeding season. Concurrently with AI, blood samples were collected, hair samples were clipped from the tail switch, and cow temperament was evaluated via chute score and exit velocity...
January 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176472/suspected-atypical-haemolytic-uraemic-syndrome-in-two-post-partum-patients-with-foetal-death-in-utero-responding-to-eculizumab
#13
REVIEW
Justin Chua, Kathy Paizis, Simon Z He, Peter Mount
BACKGROUND: Atypical haemolytic uraemic syndrome (aHUS) is a rare condition with the triad of microangiopathic haemolytic anaemia, thrombocytopenia and acute kidney injury. Other conditions that present in a similar manner peri-partum include thrombotic thrombocytopaenic purpura, and pregnancy associated conditions including HELLP syndrome (haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets), severe pre-eclampsia and less commonly acute fatty liver of pregnancy. CASE REPORTS: We describe two cases of suspected aHUS, who presented post-partum with foetal death-in-utero at 33 and 37 weeks respectively...
February 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166832/prevalence-genetic-identity-and-vertical-transmission-of-babesia-microti-in-three-naturally-infected-species-of-vole-microtus-spp-cricetidae
#14
Katarzyna Tołkacz, Małgorzata Bednarska, Mohammed Alsarraf, Dorota Dwużnik, Maciej Grzybek, Renata Welc-Falęciak, Jerzy M Behnke, Anna Bajer
BACKGROUND: Vertical transmission is one of the transmission routes for Babesia microti, the causative agent of the zoonotic disease, babesiosis. Congenital Babesia invasions have been recorded in laboratory mice, dogs and humans. The aim of our study was to determine if vertical transmission of B. microti occurs in naturally-infected reservoir hosts of the genus Microtus. METHODS: We sampled 124 common voles, Microtus arvalis; 76 root voles, M. oeconomus and 17 field voles, M...
February 6, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161387/intranasal-oxytocin-but-not-vasopressin-augments-neural-responses-to-toddlers-in-human-fathers
#15
Ting Li, Xu Chen, Jennifer Mascaro, Ebrahim Haroon, James K Rilling
This study investigates paternal brain function with the hope of better understanding the neural basis for variation in caregiving involvement among men. The neuropeptides oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (AVP) are implicated in paternal caregiving in humans and other species. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled, within-subject pharmaco-functional MRI experiment, we randomized 30 fathers of 1-2year old children to receive either 24IU intranasal OT before one scan and placebo before the other scan (n=15) or 20IU intranasal AVP before one scan and placebo before the other scan (n=15)...
February 1, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153548/neonatal-and-maternal-outcomes-of-pregnancy-with-maternal-cardiac-disease-the-normandy-study-years-2000-2014
#16
Vincent Bonnet, Thérèse Simonet, Fabien Labombarda, Patricia Dolley, Paul Milliez, Michel Dreyfus, Jean-Luc Hanouz
Pregnancies complicated by congenital or acquired heart diseases are at high risk of maternal, obstetrical and neonatal poor outcomes. During the period 2000-2014, 197 pregnancies occurring in 147 women with heart disease were managed in our institution. A maternal cardiac event complicated 13 pregnancies. Obstetrical and neonatal complications occurred respectively in 35.0 % (95 % CI [28.3 - 41.7]) and 37.0 % (95 % CI [30.3 - 43.7]) of pregnancies. All complications were more frequent amongst cardiomyopathies or obstructive and conotruncal lesions, whereas left-to-right shunts were less prone to present with complications...
January 30, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150368/introduction-of-management-protocol-for-early-onset-severe-pre-eclampsia
#17
Chieko Sakae, Yukiyasu Sato, Shota Kanbayashi, Atsuko Taga, Ikuko Emoto, Shunsuke Maruyama, Hiroko Mise, Tomoko Kim
AIM: This quality Improvement study evaluated the applicability of our protocol for early-onset severe pre-eclampsia, prepared in April 2013. METHODS: We collected data from all women with early-onset severe pre-eclampsia treated at our hospital between March 2008 and August 2015. Neonatal and maternal outcomes were compared between protocol-based (n = 17) and non-protocol-based management groups (n = 28). RESULTS: The latency period was significantly longer in the protocol-based than in the non-protocol-based group (21...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143502/transcultural-adaptation-and-psychometric-validation-of-a-spanish-language-version-of-the-pelvic-girdle-questionnaire
#18
Montserrat Rejano-Campo, Raúl Ferrer-Peña, M Alicia Urraca-Gesto, Tomás Gallego-Izquierdo, Daniel Pecos-Martín, Britt Stuge, Gustavo Plaza-Manzano
BACKGROUND: The Pelvic Girdle Questionnaire is the only instrument designed to assess pain and disability specifically in pregnant or postpartum women with pelvic girdle pain. The objective of this study was the adaptation to the Spanish language and analysis of the psychometric properties of the Pelvic Girdle Questionnaire. METHODS: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study divided into two phases. In the first phase, a translation and adaptation process was performed according to international guidelines...
February 1, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127819/comparing-papanicolaou-test-results-obtained-during-pregnancy-and-post-partum
#19
Kazuhiro Suzuki, Madoka Furuhashi, Takuya Kawamura, Michiko Kubo, Kazuhiro Osato, Takaharu Yamawaki
AIM: Cervical cancer onset initially occurs during youth. Papanicolaou tests performed in early pregnancy can detect cervical cancer; however, Papanicolaou tests during pregnancy have been noted to be inaccurate, reflecting changes associated with pregnancy. Therefore, we assessed the effect of pregnancy on Papanicolaou test results. METHODS: Of 1351 pregnant women who delivered at Ise Red Cross Hospital between January 2010 and December 2014, 1213 underwent Papanicolaou tests at early pregnancy and post-partum...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126344/characterization-and-longitudinal-monitoring-of-serum-androgens-and-glucocorticoids-during-normal-pregnancy-in-the-killer-whale-orcinus-orca
#20
Todd R Robeck, Karen J Steinman, Justine K O'Brien
The secretory patterns of testosterone (T), androstenedione (A4), dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), cortisol (C), and corticosterone (Co) were characterized throughout 28 normal pregnancies until two-months post-partum in eleven killer whales. Effects of fetal sex, dam parity or age, and season were evaluated across either day post-conception (DPC), stage of pregnancy (PRE, EARLY, MID, LATE, POST) or indexed month post-conception (IMPC) using a mixed model linear regression with animal ID and pregnancy number as the random variables...
January 23, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
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