keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Post-partum

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101958/a-review-of-maternal-alloimmunisation-to-rh-d-in-northern-ireland
#1
C J McCauley, K Morris, K Maguire
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the current incidence of maternal sensitisation to Rhesus (Rh) D in Northern Ireland, examine adherence to recommendations for administration of anti-D immunoglobulin and identify potential causes for all cases of anti-D alloimmunisation sensitisation from January 2010 to September 2015. BACKGROUND: Post-partum anti-D immunoglobulin administered to Rh D-negative women and routine antenatal anti-D prophylaxis have greatly reduced the incidence of haemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn due to immune anti-D...
January 19, 2017: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101432/atypical-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-in-first-trimester-pregnancy-successfully-treated-with-eculizumab
#2
Gabriela Andries, Michael Karass, Srikanth Yandrapalli, Katherine Linder, Delong Liu, John Nelson, Rahul Pawar, Savneek Chugh
BACKGROUND: Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome is a rare disorder which is known to cause acute thrombotic microangiopathy during pregnancy with poor maternal and fetal outcomes. Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome is caused mostly by dysregulation of alternative complement pathway secondary to genetic mutations. Most of the cases reported have been in the post-partum period. We report a rare case of a patient who presents with thrombotic microangiopathy in the first trimester of her eleventh pregnancy and was successfully treated with eculizumab...
2017: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093107/characterization-and-identification-of-microbial-communities-in-bovine-necrotic-vulvovaginitis
#3
N Y Shpigel, L Adler-Ashkenazy, S Scheinin, T Goshen, A Arazi, Z Pasternak, Y Gottlieb
Bovine necrotic vulvovaginitis (BNVV) is a severe and potentially fatal disease of post-partum cows that emerged in Israel after large dairy herds were merged. While post-partum cows are commonly affected by mild vulvovaginitis (BVV), in BNVV these benign mucosal abrasions develop into progressive deep necrotic lesions leading to sepsis and death if untreated. The etiology of BNVV is still unknown and a single pathogenic agent has not been found. We hypothesized that BNVV is a polymicrobial disease where the normally benign vaginal microbiome is remodeled and affects the local immune response...
January 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092021/sunshine-vitamin-and-thyroid
#4
REVIEW
Immacolata Cristina Nettore, Luigi Albano, Paola Ungaro, Annamaria Colao, Paolo Emidio Macchia
Vitamin D exerts its canonical roles on the musculoskeletal system and in the calcium/phosphorus homeostasis. In the last years, increasing evidences suggested several extra-skeletal actions of this hormone, indicating that vitamin D may produce effects in almost all the body tissues. These are mediated by the presence of vitamin D receptor (VDR) and thanks to the presence of the 1-α-hydroxylase, the protein that converts the 25-hydroxyvitamin (calcidiol) to the active form 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin (calcitriol)...
January 14, 2017: Reviews in Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090399/breastfeeding-in-samoa-a-study-to-explore-women-s-knowledge-and-the-factors-which-influence-infant-feeding-practices
#5
Lucy E Archer, Thomas F Dunne, Lauren J Lock, Lucy A Price, Zubair Ahmed
A decline in breastfeeding rates in Samoa has been reported over the last century. To assess the length of time women breastfeed, their knowledge of both the advantages of and recommendations for breastfeeding, and the factors that influence their decisions to continue or discontinue breastfeeding, a questionnaire was distributed at Tupua Tamasese Meaole Hospital. One hundred and twenty-one eligible participants were included aged 18-50 years (mean age 28.2). Ninety percent of participants initiated breastfeeding, and the majority (78%) of babies were exclusively breastfed for at least the recommended 6 months...
January 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088194/testing-a-cognitive-model-to-predict-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-following-childbirth
#6
Lydia King, Kirstie McKenzie-McHarg, Antje Horsch
BACKGROUND: One third of women describes their childbirth as traumatic and between 0.8 and 6.9% goes on to develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The cognitive model of PTSD has been shown to be applicable to a range of trauma samples. However, childbirth is qualitatively different to other trauma types and special consideration needs to be taken when applying it to this population. Previous studies have investigated some cognitive variables in isolation but no study has so far looked at all the key processes described in the cognitive model...
January 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088109/carbetocin-versus-oxytocin-for-prevention-of-post-partum-haemorrhage-at-caesarean-section-in-the-united-kingdom-an-economic-impact-analysis
#7
Helen A van der Nelson, Tim Draycott, Dimitrios Siassakos, Christopher W H Yau, Anthony J Hatswell
OBJECTIVE: To determine the economic impact of the introduction of carbetocin for the prevention of postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) at caesarean section, compared to oxytocin. STUDY DESIGN: The model is a decision tree conducted from a UK National Health Service perspective. 1500 caesarean sections (both elective and emergency) were modelled over a 12 month period. Efficacy data was taken from a published Cochrane meta-analysis, and costs from NHS Reference costs, the British National Formulary and the NHS electronic Medicines Information Tool...
January 3, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087186/spontaneous-subdural-haemorrhage-due-to-meningioma-in-the-post-partum-setting
#8
Krishnan Ravindran, Frank Gaillard, Arian Lasocki
An acute presentation of a meningioma with spontaneous haemorrhage is rare, with mechanisms of haemorrhage remaining unclear. Here, we present a case of a meningioma causing spontaneous intra-tumoural and subdural haemorrhage in the post-partum setting, to our knowledge not previously described, with review of pertinent literature.
January 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078751/cardiac-remodelling-during-normotensive-and-hypertensive-complicated-pregnancies-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Sander de Haas, Chahinda Ghossein-Doha, Lauren Geerts, Sander Mj van Kuijk, Joris van Drongelen, Marc Ea Spaanderman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analyses was to comprehensively describe the normotensive pattern of cardiac remodelling during human singleton pregnancies and compared to that during hypertensive complicated pregnancies. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis of the current literature on cardiac remodelling during normotensive and complicated pregnancies. Literature was retrieved from PubMed (NCBI) and Embase (Ovid) databases. Included studies needed to report a reference measurement (matched non-pregnant control group, pre-pregnancy, or post-partum) and measurements during a predetermined gestational interval...
January 12, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070584/changes-in-protein-expression-profiles-in-bovine-endometrial-epithelial-cells-exposed-to-e-coli-lps-challenge
#10
Cristian Piras, Yongzhi Guo, Alessio Soggiu, Metasu Chanrot, Viviana Greco, Andrea Urbani, Gilles Charpigny, Luigi Bonizzi, Paola Roncada, Patrice Humblot
E. coli is one of the most frequently involved bacteria in uterine diseases. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a component of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria involved in pathogenic processes leading to post-partum metritis and endometritis in cattle. It also causes inflammation of the endometrium. The increase of cell proliferation by LPS is part of the inflammatory process. The aim of this study was to investigate possible changes in protein expression in relation to the proliferative response of bEECs after challenge with E...
January 10, 2017: Molecular BioSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065966/implementation-of-warning-tool-to-improve-maternal-newborn-health-outcomes-in-a-developing-country
#11
Sana Sheikh, Rahat Qureshi, Sidrah Nausheen, Rozina Sikandar
OBJECTIVE: To improve health outcomes through the implementation of national early warning sign tool for babies delivered through emergency caesarean section in off-work hours. METHODS: This comparative clinical study was conducted at the Aga Khan Hospital for Women and Children, Karachi, from April to August 2014, and comprised women who had an emergency caesarean section. Maternal and perinatal outcomes were compared of patients in Group A and Group B which represented individuals before and after the implementation of the national early warning score respectively...
January 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065954/postpartum-depression-and-associated-factors-after-emergency-peripartum-hysterectomy
#12
Mehmet Baki Senturk, Yusuf Cakmak, Ahmet Ozalp
OBJECTIVE: To investigate post-partum depression after emergency peripartum hysterectomy and associated factors. METHODS: This cross-sectional controlled study was conducted at Batman Gynaecology and Paediatric Diseases Hospital, Batman, Turkey, between June 15 and July 23, 2015, and comprised cases of patients with peripartum hysterectomy and of those who had experienced surgical procedures other than hysterectomy (hypogastric artery ligation and/or B-Lynch suture)...
January 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056435/measuring-women-s-experience-of-induction-of-labor-using-prostaglandin-vaginal-gel
#13
Michael Beckmann, Rachel Thompson, Yvette Miller, Samantha J Prosser, Vicki Flenady, Sailesh Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To describe and examine the EXIT (EXperiences of Induction Tool), and report on the experience of women undergoing PGE2 vaginal gel IOL, who were participants in a randomized controlled trial comparing early amniotomy with repeat-PGE2. STUDY DESIGN: Following an evening dose of PGE2 vaginal gel, 245 women with live singleton term pregnancies were randomized to amniotomy or repeat-PGE2. Women's experience of IOL was a secondary outcome measure, assessed using the self-report EXIT administered by phone at 7-9days post-partum...
December 28, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050451/choriocarcinoma-in-ongoing-pregnancy-presenting-with-intracranial-metastasis
#14
Sujata Siwatch, Vanita Suri, Pooja Sikka, Neelam Aggarwal, Seema Chopra
Choriocarcinoma presents usually as persistent trophoblastic disease, with prognosis worsening with duration from antecedent pregnancy. We present a unique case of a woman with choriocarcinoma who presented in the third trimester of pregnancy with eclampsia. She was managed with magnesium sulphate and underwent a caesarean section. However, she developed seizures in the post-partum period that were further investigated and attributed to intracranial metastatic lesions of Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia (GTN)...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050450/iv-ferric-carboxymaltose-vs-oral-iron-in-the-treatment-of-post-partum-iron-deficiency-anaemia
#15
Sree Chandana Damineni, Suchitra Thunga
INTRODUCTION: Iron deficiency is the most common cause of Post-partum anaemia, reported as 50-60% in India. It is primarily due to inadequate iron intake and due to peripartum blood loss. It has been associated with significant post-partum complications. Therefore, Post-partum iron deficiency warrants greater attention and higher quality care. Oral iron treatment has been considered the standard of care. However, parenteral iron treatment is expected to be advantageous in cases where oral iron therapy is not possible...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050068/blood-transfusion-practices-among-delivery-cases-a-retrospective-study-of-two-years
#16
S K Kathpalia, Jaya Chawla, A K Harith, Priyanka Gupta, Anupam Anveshi
BACKGROUND: Many women die while going through childbirth; hemorrhage being common cause for maternal mortality. Many maternal deaths can be saved by building up hemoglobin antenatally and timely blood transfusion. The transfusion may result in many complications hence the blood transfusion practices should be streamlined and adhered to and reviewed periodically. This retrospective study was undertaken at one of the tertiary care hospital to find out the blood demand and utilization practices among the delivery cases and suggest measures if any to improve the existing practices...
December 2016: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046176/effect-of-different-feeding-regimens-on-energy-and-protein-utilization-and-partitioning-for-maintenance-and-growth-in-pre-weaned-lambs-reared-artificially
#17
A S Danso, P C H Morel, P R Kenyon, H T Blair
Estimation of metabolizable energy (ME) requirement for maintenance (ME) and growth (ME) in pre-weaned lambs have been limited to milk-only fed lambs. This study aimed to determine energy and nitrogen metabolisability of milk and pellets when fed together, compare the growth and chemical body composition of lambs fed varying levels of pellets in addition to milk, and to estimate ME, ME, and the CP:ME ratio requirements for growth. The study included 32 twin-born Romney-cross ram lambs. Four lambs were slaughtered at 24 h post-partum to estimate initial body composition and the remaining 28 were assigned to 1 of 4 treatment groups of 7...
December 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046019/indications-for-emergency-intervention-mode-of-delivery-and-the-childbirth-experience
#18
Jonathan E Handelzalts, Avigail Waldman Peyser, Haim Krissi, Sigal Levy, Arnon Wiznitzer, Yoav Peled
BACKGROUND: Although the impact of emergency procedures on the childbirth experience has been studied extensively, a possible association of childbirth experience with indications for emergency interventions has not been reported. OBJECTIVES: To compare the impacts on childbirth experience of 'planned' delivery (elective cesarean section and vaginal delivery) versus 'unplanned' delivery (vacuum extraction or emergency cesarean section); the intervention itself (vacuum extraction versus emergency cesarean section); and indications for intervention (arrest of labor versus risk to the mother or fetus)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040373/management-of-hidradenitis-suppurativa-in-pregnancy
#19
REVIEW
Powell Perng, John G Zampella, Ginette A Okoye
Hidradenitis suppurativa is a debilitating inflammatory skin disease with a chronic course and often disappointing response to treatment. Though a minority of persons (20%) reports symptom remission during pregnancy, the vast majority experiences no relief (72%), and few experience clinical deterioration (8%). Disease flares are also observed post-partum. The pathophysiological basis for pregnancy-associated fluctuations in clinical status is currently unknown. Because most women with HS require ongoing management throughout pregnancy, it is important to evaluate the suitability and safety of current treatment options for pregnant women...
December 29, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032523/hiv-status-fertility-intentions-and-contraception-in-the-era-of-expanded-access-to-antiretroviral-therapy-a-case-study-of-rural-mozambique
#20
Victor Agadjanian, Sarah R Hayford
Provision of effective contraception to HIV-positive women of reproductive age is critical to effective management of HIV infection and prevention of both vertical and horizontal HIV transmission in developing countries. This exploratory retrospective study examines contraceptive use during the prolonged post-partum period in a sample of 285 HIV-positive and HIV-negative women who gave birth at four rural maternity clinics in a high HIV-prevalence region in Mozambique. Multivariate analyses show no significant variations by HIV status in contraceptive timing (mean time to first contraceptive use of 7...
December 29, 2016: Global Public Health
keyword
keyword
119184
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"