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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925267/absolute-quantification-of-human-milk-caseins-and-the-whey-casein-ratio-during-the-first-year-of-lactation
#1
Yalin Liao, Darren Weber, Wei Xu, Blythe P Durbin-Johnson, Brett S Phinney, Bo Lönnerdal
Whey proteins and caseins in breast milk provide bioactivities and also have different amino acid composition. Accurate determination of these two major protein classes will therefore provide a better understanding of human milk composition and function, further aid in developing improved infant formulas based on bovine whey proteins and caseins. In this study, we implemented a LC-MS/MS quantitative analysis based on iBAQ label-free quantitation, to estimate absolute concentrations of alpha-casein, beta-casein and kappa-casein in human milk samples (n=88) collected between day 1 and day 360 post partum...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924478/a-rare-cause-of-metabolic-acidosis-ketoacidosis-in-a-non-diabetic-lactating-woman
#2
Gordon Sloan, Amjad Ali, Jonathan Webster
Ketoacidosis occurring during lactation has been described infrequently. The condition is incompletely understood, but it appears to be associated with a combination of increased metabolic demands during lactation, reduction in carbohydrate intake and acute illness. We present a case of a 27-year-old woman, 8 weeks post-partum, who was exclusively breastfeeding her child whilst following a low carbohydrate diet. She developed gastroenteritis and was unable to tolerate an oral diet for several days. She presented with severe metabolic acidosis on admission with a blood 3-hydroxybutyrate of 5...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922379/elevating-serotonin-pre-partum-alters-the-holstein-dairy-cow-hepatic-adaptation-to-lactation
#3
Samantha R Weaver, Allan S Prichard, Noah L Maerz, Austin P Prichard, Elizabeth L Endres, Lorenzo E Hernández-Castellano, Matthew S Akins, Rupert M Bruckmaier, Laura L Hernandez
Serotonin is known to regulate energy and calcium homeostasis in several mammalian species. The objective of this study was to determine if pre-partum infusions of 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP), the immediate precursor to serotonin synthesis, could modulate energy homeostasis at the level of the hepatocyte in post-partum Holstein and Jersey dairy cows. Twelve multiparous Holstein cows and twelve multiparous Jersey cows were intravenously infused daily for approximately 7 d pre-partum with either saline or 1 mg/kg bodyweight of 5-HTP...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906533/cardiac-diastolic-function-after-recovery-from-pre-eclampsia
#4
P Soma-Pillay, M C Louw, A O Adeyemo, J Makin, R C Pattinson
BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia is associated with significant changes to the cardiovascular system during pregnancy. Eccentric and concentric remodelling of the left ventricle occurs, resulting in impaired contractility and diastolic dysfunction. It is unclear whether these structural and functional changes resolve completely after delivery. AIMS: The objective of the study was to determine cardiac diastolic function at delivery and one year post-partum in women with severe pre-eclampsia, and to determine possible future cardiovascular risk...
August 31, 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905977/-incidence-and-mortality-of-common-neonatal-diseases-in-the-foal-during-the-first-10-days-post-natum-in-a-veterinary-hospital
#5
Martin Graßl, Tina Ulrich, Axel Wehrend
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to present the incidence and lethality of diseases in foals during the first 10 days following birth by analyzing patient data. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Over a period of 6 years, patient data from 393 foals, that had been presented within the first 10 days after birth in a hospital, were evaluated. The number of diseases, the sex of the affected foals and the lethality were documented. RESULTS: A total of 28 diseases were diagnosed, with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), meconium impaction and bronchopneumonia being the most frequent diagnoses...
September 13, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901851/gestational-diabetes-mellitus-post-partum-risk-and-follow-up
#6
Silpa Poola-Kella, Rachel A Steinman, Bayan Mesmar, Rana Malek
BACKGROUND: Women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are at an increased risk for developing metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and cardiovascular disease. In this review, we will discuss postpartum cardiovascular and diabetes risk in women with a history of GDM and different ways to improve postpartum screening. METHODS: This review involves a comprehensive literature review on gestational diabetes and post-partum risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus as well as post-partum screening methods...
September 11, 2017: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898688/improving-non-technical-skills-teamwork-in-post-partum-haemorrhage-a-grouped-randomised-trial
#7
Pippa M Letchworth, Shane P Duffy, Dan Phillips
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a decision support technology on teamwork and associated non-technical (NTS) and technical skills when teams manage post-partum haemorrhage (PPH) in the simulated environment. METHODS: Multidisciplinary (MDT) maternity teams were taught how to manage post partum haemorrhage. They were randomised to the intervention: using a decision support mobile digital platform or a control group. Each team managed a post-partum simulation, which was recorded and reviewed by assessors...
August 26, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892994/life-threatening-severe-hypernatraemic-dehydration-in-neonates-a-report-of-two-cases
#8
Priyaja Paramasivam, Sujay Kumar Earan, Arulkumaran Arunagirinadhan, Shilpa Kantamneni
Hypernatraemic dehydration in neonates may lead to potentially lethal consequences like cerebral oedema, intracranial haemorrhage, hydrocephalus and gangrene. In the light of increase in the infants presenting with hypernatraemic dehydration, there is a definitive need to heighten the awareness and have a high degree of suspicion in diagnosis for this potentially lethal condition. We report two neonates of severe hypernatraemia with dehydration highlighting its diagnosis and management. Treatment of hypernatraemic dehydration involves correction of electrolyte imbalance by careful restoration of fluids and ensuring appropriate intake of calories...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892212/incidental-appendectomy-during-mini-incision-post-partum-sterilization-chokchai-technique-a-prospective-cross-sectional-study
#9
Manwat Choksuwattanasakul
AIM: We aimed to determine the success rate of incidental appendectomy during post-partum sterilization (PPS) using the Chokchai technique and to compare the postoperative morbidity between patients who underwent this procedure with those who underwent simple PPS. METHODS: Appendectomy during PPS was performed in 141 patients from 1 May 2012 to 30 April 2014. The control group consisted of 182 simple PPS patients. Primary outcomes were the success rate of the procedure and secondary outcomes were postoperative morbidity and complications...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890179/maternal-colonization-or-infection-with-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Andre N H Bulabula, Angela Dramowski, Shaheen Mehtar
OBJECTIVES: To summarize published studies on the prevalence of and risk factors for maternal bacterial colonization and/or infection with extended-spectrum-beta-lactamases producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) in pregnant and/or post-partum women in Africa. DESIGN OR METHODS: A systematic review was conducted in PubMed, Scopus and Google Scholar. Bibliographies of included eligible studies were manually searched to identify additional relevant articles. No language restriction was applied, for the timeframe, we searched from the electronic databases' inception to July 15th, 2017...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886702/safety-and-effectiveness-of-oral-misoprostol-for-induction-of-labour-in-a-resource-limited-setting-a-dose-escalation-study
#11
Marilyn Morris, John W Bolnga, Ovoi Verave, Jimmy Aipit, Allanie Rero, Moses Laman
BACKGROUND: Oral misoprostol as an induction of labour (IOL) agent is rapidly gaining popularity in resource-limited settings because it is cheap, stable at ambient temperatures, and logistically easier to administer compared to dinoprostone and oxytocin. We aim to investigate the safety and effectiveness of a regimen of oral misoprostol in Papua New Guinean women undergoing IOL. METHODS: As part of a prospective dose escalation study conducted at Modilon Hospital in Papua New Guinea, women with a singleton pregnancy in cephalic presentation and an unfavourable cervix who gave written informed consent were administered oral misoprostol, commencing at 25mcg once every 2 h for 4 doses and increased to 50mcg once every 2 h for 8 doses within 24 h...
September 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886034/determinants-of-maternal-near-miss-among-women-in-public-hospital-maternity-wards-in-northern-ethiopia-a-facility-based-case-control-study
#12
Dejene Ermias Mekango, Mussie Alemayehu, Gebremedhin Berhe Gebregergs, Araya Abrha Medhanyie, Gelila Goba
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, 20,000 women die each year from complications related to pregnancy, childbirth and post-partum. For every woman that dies, 20 more experience injury, infection, disease, or disability. "Maternal near miss" (MNM), defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a woman who nearly dies, but survives a complication during pregnancy, childbirth or within 42 days of a termination, is a proxy indicator of maternal mortality and quality of obstetric care. In Ethiopia, few studies have examined MNM...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882580/lotus-birth-a-holistic-approach-on-physiological-cord-clamping
#13
Laura A Zinsser
BACKGROUND: The positive effects of delayed cord clamping (DCC) has been extensively researched. DCC means: waiting at least one minute after birth before clamping and cutting the cord or till the pulsation has stopped. With physiological clamping and cutting (PCC) the clamping and cutting can happen at the earliest after the pulsation has stopped. With a Lotus birth, no clamping and cutting of the cord is done. A woman called Clair Lotus Day imitated the holistic approach of PCC from an anthropoid ape in 1974...
September 4, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879474/pregnancy-related-fractures-a-retrospective-study-of-a-french-cohort-of-52-patients-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
M Laroche, M Talibart, C Cormier, C Roux, P Guggenbuhl, Y Degboe
A retrospective, multicentre study involving 52 patients was carried out to define the causes and characteristics of pregnancy-related osteoporosis. The mean number of vertebral fractures occurring during the last trimester of pregnancy or at the time of delivery was 3.8. This is often promoted by risk factors before or during pregnancy. INTRODUCTION: In order to define the causes or predisposing factors of pregnancy-related osteoporosis and its clinical, radiological and bone density characteristics, laboratory findings, course and outcome, we carried out a retrospective multicentre study...
September 6, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877616/metabolic-effects-of-breastfeeding-in-women-with-previous-gestational-diabetes-diagnosed-according-to-the-iadpsg-criteria
#15
Francesco Corrado, Loretta Giunta, Roberta Granese, Silvia Corrado, Marina Micali, Angelo Santamaria, Rosario D'Anna, Antonino Di Benedetto
Some studies have already investigated about the short term favorable metabolic effects of breastfeeding in women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The aim of our study is to confirm whether the positive effects reported are maintained in the larger cohorts of patients with mild form of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) because recently diagnosed according to IADPSG criteria. This retrospective study includes 97 evaluable consecutive women with prior GDM who have the follow-up oral glucose tolerance test at least 3 months after delivery...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869180/-observational-study-of-a-social-device-for-women-in-precarious-situations-during-pregnancy-and-post-partum
#16
S Vigoureux, F Goffinet, V Tessier, V Boulinguez, M-J Saurel-Cubizolles, E Azria
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of the Regional experimental accompanying nutrition and breast-feeding for pregnant women (PRENAP) 75 social device on the duration of postpartum hospitalization and breast-feeding for pregnant women in precarious situation. METHODS: A retrospective observational study took place between November 2013 and May 2015 in a type III Parisian maternity. Comparison of sociodemographic, perinatal and postpartum characteristics of women in precarious situations (no stable housing and no social care or universal medical coverage or state medical aid) was done according to whether they were included in the system PRENAP or not...
August 28, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866958/perinatal-outcome-of-pregnancies-complicates-with-extreme-birth-weights-at-term
#17
Uri Chavkin, Tamar Wainstock, Eyal Sheiner, Ruslan Sergienko, Asnat Walfisch
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether an abnormal birthweight at term, either small for gestational age (SGA, < 5(th) centile for gestational age), or large for gestational age (LGA, > 95(th) centile for gestational age), is a risk factor for perinatal complications as compared with birthweight appropriate for gestational age (AGA). METHODS: A population based retrospective cohort analysis of all singleton pregnancies delivered between 1991 and 2014 at Soroka Medical Center...
September 3, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865211/evaluation-of-in-feed-larch-sawdust-anti-inflammatory-effect-in-sows
#18
E D Tzika, P D Tassis, V G Papatsiros, E M Pferschy-Wenzig, A Siochu, R Bauer, C Alexopoulos, S C Kyriakis, C Franz
The study aimed to investigate the possible anti-inflammatory activity of larch sawdust as feed supplement in lactating sows' diet and its possible effect on the prevalence of Postpartum Dysgalactia Syndrome under field conditions. In a Greek farrow-to-finish pig farm, fifteen sows were randomly and equally allocated to a negative control group (NC group), a positive control group (PC group), and a treatment group (LT group). The animals of the first two groups received 99% basic diet and 1% corn starch, while LT group animals received 99% basic diet and 1% larch sawdust...
March 1, 2017: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854894/development-of-a-questionnaire-for-assessing-the-childbirth-experience-qace
#19
Pierre Carquillat, Françoise Vendittelli, Thomas Perneger, Marie-Julia Guittier
BACKGROUND: Due to its potential impact on women's psychological health, assessing perceptions of their childbirth experience is important. The aim of this study was to develop a multidimensional self-reporting questionnaire to evaluate the childbirth experience. METHODS: Factors influencing the childbirth experience were identified from a literature review and the results of a previous qualitative study. A total of 25 items were combined from existing instruments or were created de novo...
August 30, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853333/under-reporting-of-major-birth-defects-in-northwest-russia-a-registry-based-study
#20
Anton A Kovalenko, Tormod Brenn, Jon Øyvind Odland, Evert Nieboer, Alexandra Krettek, Erik Eik Anda
The objective was to assess the prevalence of selected major birth defects, based on data from two medical registries in Murmansk County, and compare the observed rates with those available for Norway and Arkhangelsk County, Northwest Russia. It included all newborns (≥22 completed weeks of gestation) registered in the Murmansk County Birth Registry (MCBR) and born between 1 January 2006 and 31 December 2009 (n=35,417). The infants were followed-up post-partum for 2 years through direct linkage to the Murmansk Regional Congenital Defects Registry (MRCDR)...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
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