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Water Fat MRI

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064372/effects-of-bariatric-surgery-on-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-magnetic-resonance-imaging-is-an-effective-non-invasive-method-to-evaluate-changes-in-the-liver-fat-fraction
#1
Dennis M Hedderich, Till Hasenberg, Stefan Haneder, Stefan O Schoenberg, Özlem Kücükoglu, Ali Canbay, Mirko Otto
INTRODUCTION: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered the most common liver disease worldwide and is highly associated with obesity. The prevalences of both conditions have markedly increased in the Western civilization. Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for morbid obesity and its comorbidities such as NAFLD. OBJECTIVES: Measure postoperative liver fat fraction (LFF) in bariatric patients by using in-opposed-phase MRI, a widely available clinical tool validated for the quantification of liver fat METHODS: Retrospective analyses of participants, who underwent laparoscopic Roux-Y-gastric-bypass (17) or laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (2) were performed using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), and anthropometric measurements 1 day before surgery, as well as 6, 12, and 24 weeks after surgery, LFF was calculated from fat-only and water-only MR images...
January 7, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060254/quantitative-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-skeletal-muscle-disease
#2
Bruce M Damon, Ke Li, Richard D Dortch, E Brian Welch, Jane H Park, Amanda K W Buck, Theodore F Towse, Mark D Does, Daniel F Gochberg, Nathan D Bryant
Quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (qMRI) describes the development and use of MRI to quantify physical, chemical, and/or biological properties of living systems. Neuromuscular diseases often exhibit a temporally varying, spatially heterogeneous, and multi-faceted pathology. The goal of this protocol is to characterize this pathology using qMRI methods. The MRI acquisition protocol begins with localizer images (used to locate the position of the body and tissue of interest within the MRI system), quality control measurements of relevant magnetic field distributions, and structural imaging for general anatomical characterization...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048911/su-g-iep1-06-estimating-relative-tissue-density-from-quantitative-mr-images-a-novel-perspective-for-mri-only-heterogeneity-corrected-dose-calculation
#3
A Soliman, M Hashemi, H Safigholi, E Tchistiakova, W Song
PURPOSE: To explore the feasibility of extracting the relative density from quantitative MRI measurements as well as estimate a correlation between the extracted measures and CT Hounsfield units. METHODS: MRI has the ability to separate water and fat signals, producing two separate images for each component. By performing appropriate corrections on the separated images, quantitative measurement of water and fat mass density can be estimated. This work aims to test this hypothesis on 1...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048790/su-f-j-112-clinical-feasibility-test-of-an-rf-pulse-based-mri-method-for-the-quantitative-fat-water-segmentation
#4
S Yee, J Wloch, M Pirkola
PURPOSE: Quantitative fat-water segmentation is important not only because of the clinical utility of fat-suppressed MRI images in better detecting lesions of clinical significance (in the midst of bright fat signal) but also because of the possible physical need, in which CT-like images based on the materials' photon attenuation properties may have to be generated from MR images; particularly, as in the case of MR-only radiation oncology environment to obtain radiation dose calculation or as in the case of hybrid PET/MR modality to obtain attenuation correction map for the quantitative PET reconstruction...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047629/su-f-j-169-a-feasibility-study-of-using-mri-alone-in-abdominal-radiotherapy
#5
I Zawisza, S Hsu, Q Peng, W Tome
PURPOSE: To demonstrate the feasibility of a MRI alone workflow to support treatment planning and image guidance for abdominal radiotherapy. METHODS: Abdominal MR images (in-phase/out-phase/fat/water) were acquired for a patient with breath-hold using a Dixon pulse sequence. Air masks were created on in-phase images using intensity thresholding and morphological processing methods in order to separate air from bone. Pseudo-CT and DRRs were generated using a published method...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047518/su-f-j-165-spectral-characterization-of-tissues-in-high-spectral-and-spatial-resolution-mr-images-in-vitro-implications-for-classification-based-synthetic-ct-algorithm
#6
A Diak, S Shea, M Surucu, S Gros, M Medved, G Karczmar, W Small, J Roeske
PURPOSE: To investigate features of spectral parameters of tissue for use in a synthetic CT algorithm. METHODS: A phantom of fresh beef leg embedded in 1% agarose gel was imaged at 1.5T on a Siemens Aero using HiSS MRI with 1.0mm resolution and 11.1Hz spectral resolution. Post-processing was performed off-line and included labeling of fat and water peaks, and fitting the spectra. All spectra were normalized by the noise within each voxel; thus all parameters are reported in units of signal-to-noise (SNR)...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047476/su-f-i-16-short-breast-mri-with-high-resolution-t2-weighted-and-dynamic-contrast-enhanced-t1-weighted-images
#7
J Ma, J Son, B Arun, J Hazle, K Hwang, K Wang, E Bayram, J Madewell, W Yang, B Dogan
PURPOSE: To develop and demonstrate a short breast (sb) MRI protocol that acquires both T2-weighted and dynamic contrast-enhanced T1-weighted images in approximately ten minutes. METHODS: The sb-MRI protocol consists of two novel pulse sequences. The first is a flexible fast spin-echo triple-echo Dixon (FTED) sequence for high-resolution fat-suppressed T2-weighted imaging, and the second is a 3D fast dual-echo spoiled gradient sequence (FLEX) for volumetric fat-suppressed T1-weighted imaging before and post contrast agent injection...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047423/su-f-i-63-relaxation-times-of-lipid-resonances-in-nafld-animal-model-using-enhanced-curve-fitting
#8
K-H Song, C-H Yoo, S-I Lim, B-Y Choe
PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the relaxation time of methylene resonance in comparison with other lipid resonances. METHODS: The examinations were performed on a 3.0T MRI scanner using a four-channel animal coil. Eight more Sprague-Dawley rats in the same baseline weight range were housed with ad libitum access to water and a high-fat (HF) diet (60% fat, 20% protein, and 20% carbohydrate). In order to avoid large blood vessels, a voxel (0.8×0...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047055/su-g-jep2-06-dosimetric-and-workflow-evaluation-of-first-commercial-synthetic-ct-software-for-clinical-use-in-pelvis
#9
N Tyagi, J Zhang, L Happersett, M Kadbi, J Mechalakos, J Deasy, M Hunt
PURPOSE: evaluate a commercial synthetic CT (syn-CT) software for use in prostate radiotherapy METHODS: Twenty prostate patients underwent CT and MR simulation scans in treatment position on a 3T Philips scanner. The MR protocol consisted of a T2w turbo spin-echo for soft tissue contrast, a 2D balanced-fast field echo (b-FFE) for fiducial identification, a dual-echo 3D FFE B0 map for distortion analysis and a 3D mDIXON FFE sequence to generate syn-CT. Two echoes are acquired during mDIXON scan, allowing water, fat, and in-phase images to be derived using the frequency shift of the fat and water protons...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046606/tu-ab-bra-01-abdominal-synthetic-ct-generation-in-support-of-liver-sbrt-dose-calculation
#10
J S Bredfeldt, L Liu, M Feng, Y Cao, J Balter
PURPOSE: To demonstrate and validate a technique for generating MRI-derived synthetic CT volumes (MRCTs) in support of adaptive liver SBRT. METHODS: Under IRB approval, ten hepatocellular carcinoma patients were scanned using a single MR sequence (T1 Dixon-VIBE), yielding inherently-registered water, fat, and T1-weighted images. Air-containing voxels were identified by intensity thresholding. The envelope of the anterior vertebral bodies was segmented from the fat image by fitting a shape model to vertebral body candidate voxels, then using level sets to expand the contour outward...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008425/quantitative-pet-mri-evaluation-and-application-in-dementia
#11
Yongxia Zhou
A recently introduced integrated scanner combining simultaneous positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (PET/MRI) acquisition presents a unique set of opportunities for neuroimaging research and dementia in particular [1]. Among these, the intrinsic co-registration of the images has the potential to reduce errors in multi-modality image registration, which could lead to better quantification of longitudinal volumetric changes in neuroanatomical features that are important for assessing disease progression...
June 2016: Jacobs J Med Diagn Med Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004967/the-value-of-the-t2-weighted-multipoint-dixon-sequence-in-mri-of-sacroiliac-joints-for-the-diagnosis-of-active-and-chronic-sacroiliitis
#12
Ali Özgen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the value of the T2-weighted multipoint Dixon technique as a single sequence in MRI of the sacroiliac joints for the diagnosis of active and chronic sacroiliitis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The T2-weighted multipoint Dixon sequence with water-only, in-phase, opposed-phase, and fat-only images was added to a routine MRI protocol, which included T1-weighted, fat-saturated T2-weighted, and contrast-enhanced fat-saturated T1-weighted sequences, for imaging 73 patients...
December 22, 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999666/beclin-1-mediated-autophagy-may-be-involved-in-the-elderly-cognitive-and-affective-disorders-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-mice
#13
Zhu-Fei Guan, Xiu-Ling Zhou, Xiao-Ming Zhang, Yu Zhang, Yan-Mei Wang, Qi-Lin Guo, Gang Ji, Guo-Feng Wu, Na-Na Wang, Hao Yang, Zhong-Yu Yu, Hou-Guang Zhou, Jing-Chun Guo, Ying-Chao Liu
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is the most common metabolic disease with many chronic complications, and cognitive disorders are one of the common complications in patients with diabetes. Previous studies have showed that autophagy played important roles in the progression of metabolic syndrome, diabetes and other diseases. So we investigated whether aged diabetic mice are prone to be associated with the cognitive and affective disorders and whether Beclin-1-mediated autophagy might be involved in thepahological process...
2016: Translational Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933641/method-of-b0-mapping-with-magnitude-based-correction-for-bipolar-two-point-dixon-cardiac-mri
#14
Junmin Liu, Dana C Peters, Maria Drangova
PURPOSE: The conventional two-point (2pt) Dixon technique explicitly estimates B0 map by performing phase unwrapping. When signal loss, phase singularity, artifacts, or spatially isolated regions corrupt the measured phase images, this unwrapping-based technique will face difficulty. This work aims to improve the reliability of B0 mapping by performing unwrapping error correction. METHOD: To detect the unwrapping-caused phase errors, we determined a magnitude-based fat/water mask and used it as reference to identify pixels being mismatched by the phase-based mask, which was derived from the B0-corrected phase term of the Hermitian product between echoes...
December 8, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898602/novel-high-spatiotemporal-resolution-versus-standard-of-care-dynamic-contrast-enhanced-breast-mri-comparison-of-image-quality
#15
Courtney K Morrison, Leah C Henze Bancroft, Wendy B DeMartini, James H Holmes, Kang Wang, Ryan J Bosca, Frank R Korosec, Roberta M Strigel
OBJECTIVE: Currently, dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) prioritizes spatial resolution over temporal resolution given the limitations of acquisition techniques. The purpose of our intrapatient study was to assess the ability of a novel high spatial and high temporal resolution DCE breast MRI method to maintain image quality compared with the clinical standard-of-care (SOC) MRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty patients, each demonstrating a focal area of enhancement (29 benign, 1 cancer) on their SOC MRI, consented to undergo a research DCE breast MRI on a second date...
November 28, 2016: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890779/fast-triple-spin-echo-dixon-ftsed-sequence-for-water-and-fat-imaging
#16
Radim Korinek, Karel Bartusek, Zenon Starcuk
A number of 'Dixon' techniques based on fast spin echo (FSE) sequence have been proposed and successfully used in many branches of medicine. Some require only one scan, but most of them need multiple scans and long scan times. This article describes a new fast triple-spin-echo Dixon (FTSED) technique suitable for ultra-high field MRI, in which three specific time shifts are introduced in the echo train; thus, three images with defined water-fat phase-differences (0, π, 2π) are encoded in the phase of the acquired images without extreme restrictions upon the echo duration...
November 24, 2016: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859853/monoexponential-biexponential-and-stretched-exponential-diffusion-weighted-imaging-models-quantitative-biomarkers-for-differentiating-renal-clear-cell-carcinoma-and-minimal-fat-angiomyolipoma
#17
Haojie Li, Lili Liang, Anqin Li, Yao Hu, Daoyu Hu, Zhen Li, Ihab R Kamel
PURPOSE: To determine the utility of various diffusion parameters obtained from monoexponential, biexponential, and stretched exponential diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) models in differentiating between minimal fat angiomyolipoma (MFAML) and clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred thirty-one patients with pathologically confirmed MFAML (n = 27) or ccRCC (n = 104) underwent multi-b value DWI (0∼1700 s/mm(2) ) imaging at 3...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826082/spectrally-presaturated-modulation-spm-an-efficient-fat-suppression-technique-for-steam-based-cardiac-imaging-sequences
#18
Ahmed S Fahmy, El-Sayed H Ibrahim, Nael F Osman
Stimulated-echo acquisition mode (STEAM) is a key pulse sequences in MRI in general, and in cardiac imaging in particular. Fat suppression is an important feature in cardiac imaging to improve visualization and eliminate off-resonance and chemical-shift artifacts. Nevertheless, fat suppression comes at the expense of reduced temporal resolution and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). The purpose of this study is to develop an efficient fat suppression method (Spectrally-Presaturated Modulation) for STEAM-based sequences to enable imaging with high temporal-resolution, high SNR, and no increase in scan time...
November 5, 2016: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822655/accelerating-multi-echo-water-fat-mri-with-a-joint-locally-low-rank-and-spatial-sparsity-promoting-reconstruction
#19
Felix Lugauer, Dominik Nickel, Jens Wetzl, Berthold Kiefer, Joachim Hornegger, Andreas Maier
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to demonstrate the benefits of using locally low-rank (LLR) regularization for the compressed sensing reconstruction of highly-accelerated quantitative water-fat MRI, and to validate fat fraction (FF) and [Formula: see text] relaxation against reference parallel imaging in the abdomen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Reconstructions using spatial sparsity regularization (SSR) were compared to reconstructions with LLR and the combination of both (LLR+SSR) for up to seven fold accelerated 3-D bipolar multi-echo GRE imaging...
November 7, 2016: Magma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775180/robust-water-fat-separated-dual-echo-mri-by-phase-sensitive-reconstruction
#20
Thobias Romu, Nils Dahlström, Olof Dahlqvist Leinhard, Magnus Borga
PURPOSE: The purpose of this work was to develop and evaluate a robust water-fat separation method for T1-weighted symmetric two-point Dixon data. THEORY AND METHODS: A method for water-fat separation by phase unwrapping of the opposite-phase images by phase-sensitive reconstruction (PSR) is introduced. PSR consists of three steps; (1), identification of clusters of tissue voxels; (2), unwrapping of the phase in each cluster by solving Poisson's equation; and (3), finding the correct sign of each unwrapped opposite-phase cluster, so that the water-fat images are assigned the correct identities...
October 24, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
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