keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Susceptibility Weighted Imaging

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147635/global-and-targeted-pathway-impact-of-gliomas-on-white-matter-integrity-based-on-lobar-localization
#1
David R Ormond, Shawn D'Souza, John A Thompson
Primary brain tumors comprise 28% of all tumors and 80% of malignant tumors. Pathophysiology of high-grade gliomas includes significant distortion of white matter architecture, necrosis, the breakdown of the blood brain barrier, and increased intracranial pressure. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), a diffusion weighted imaging technique, can be used to assess white matter architecture. Use of DTI as a non-invasive pathophysiological tool to analyze glioma impact on white matter microstructure has yet to be fully explored...
September 7, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138506/diagnostic-performance-of-susceptibility-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-the-detection-of-calcifications-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Lisa C Adams, Keno Bressem, Sarah Maria Böker, Yi-Na Yvonne Bender, Dominik Nörenberg, Bernd Hamm, Marcus R Makowski
Since its introduction, susceptibility-weighted-magnetic resonance imaging (SW-MRI) has shown the potential to overcome the insensitivity of MRI to calcification. Previous studies reporting the diagnostic performance of SW-MRI and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the detection of calcifications are inconsistent and based on single-institution designs. To our knowledge, this is the first meta-analysis on SW-MRI, determining the potential of SW-MRI to detect calcifications. Two independent investigators searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and Web of Science for eligible diagnostic accuracy studies, which were published until March 24, 2017 and investigated the accuracy of SW-MRI to detect calcifications, using computed tomography (CT) as a reference...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133891/decreased-oxygen-saturation-levels-in-neonates-with-transposition-of-great-arteries-impact-on-appearance-of-cerebral-veins-in-susceptibility-weighted-imaging
#3
Rajeev Kumar Verma, Desislava Keller, Sebastian Grunt, Sandra Bigi, Christian Weisstanner, Roland Wiest, Jan Gralla, Damian Hutter, Bendicht Wagner
Purpose of this study was to investigate a potential correlation between the pattern of cerebral veins (CV) on susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) and blood oxygen saturation, as well as preoperative brain injury, in neonates with transposition of the great arteries (TGA). Eleven neonates with TGA underwent MRI preoperatively, including SWI, T1- and T2-weighted scans. Images were retrospectively evaluated and appearance of CV was graded from 0 (normal appearance) to 3 (severe prominent appearance). White matter injuries (WMI) and strokes were analysed...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133703/cns-small-vessel-vasculitis-distinct-mri-features-and-histopathological-correlation
#4
Kamble J Harsha, Sujit A Jagtap, Tirur R Kapilamoorthy, Chandrasekharan Kesavadas, Bejoy Thomas, Neelima Radhakrishnan
BACKGROUND: Central nervous system (CNS) vasculitis is an uncommon disease, which is a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge for physicians. Large and medium vessel vasculitis is relatively easy to diagnose by angiogram compared to small vessel vasculitis, where angiograms are often normal; imaging features described till date are sensitive but not specific. PURPOSE: Here, we describe distinct magnetic resonance (MR) imaging features of CNS small vessel vasculitis...
November 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128947/t2-based-mr-imaging-gradient-echo-or-susceptibility-weighted-imaging-in-midline-and-off-midline-intracranial-germ-cell-tumors-a-pilot-study
#5
Giovanni Morana, Cesar Augusto Alves, Domenico Tortora, Jonathan L Finlay, Mariasavina Severino, Paolo Nozza, Marcello Ravegnani, Marco Pavanello, Claudia Milanaccio, Mohamad Maghnie, Andrea Rossi, Maria Luisa Garrè
PURPOSE: The role of T2*-based MR imaging in intracranial germ cell tumors (GCTs) has not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) or T2* gradient echo (GRE) features of germinomas and non-germinomatous germ cell tumors (NGGCTs) in midline and off-midline locations. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated all consecutive pediatric patients referred to our institution between 2005 and 2016, for newly diagnosed, treatment-naïve intracranial GCT, who underwent MRI, including T2*-based MR imaging (T2* GRE sequences or SWI)...
November 11, 2017: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125850/1-5-versus-3-versus-7-tesla-in-abdominal-mri-a-comparative-study
#6
Anja Laader, Karsten Beiderwellen, Oliver Kraff, Stefan Maderwald, Karsten Wrede, Mark E Ladd, Thomas C Lauenstein, Michael Forsting, Harald H Quick, Kai Nassenstein, Lale Umutlu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the feasibility as well as potential impact of altered magnetic field properties on image quality and potential artifacts of 1.5 Tesla, 3 Tesla and 7 Tesla non-enhanced abdominal MRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Magnetic Resonance (MR) imaging of the upper abdomen was performed in 10 healthy volunteers on a 1.5 Tesla, a 3 Tesla and a 7 Tesla MR system. The study protocol comprised a (1) T1-weighted fat-saturated spoiled gradient-echo sequence (2D FLASH), (2) T1-weighted fat-saturated volumetric interpolated breath hold examination sequence (3D VIBE), (3) T1-weighted 2D in and opposed phase sequence, (4) True fast imaging with steady-state precession sequence (TrueFISP) and (5) T2-weighted turbo spin-echo (TSE) sequence...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124475/pre-oxidation-of-low-density-polyethylene-ldpe-by-ultraviolet-light-uv-promotes-enhanced-degradation-of-ldpe-in-soil
#7
Prosun Tribedi, Samrat Dey
Polyethylene represents nearly 64% of all the synthetic plastics produced and are mainly used for domestic and industrial applications. Their extensive use poses a serious environmental threat because of their non-biodegradable nature. Among all the polyethylene remediation strategies, in situ bioremediation happens to be the safest and efficient one. In the current study, efforts had been given to compare the extent of LDPE degradation under UV-treated and UV-untreated conditions by soil microcosm. Landfill soil was collected and UV-treated and UV-untreated LDPE were added separately to the soil following incubation under similar conditions...
November 9, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118910/feasibility-of-magnetic-resonance-redox-imaging-at-low-magnetic-field-comparison-at-1-t-and-7-t
#8
Mizuki Nakamura, Sayaka Shibata, Toshihide Yamasaki, Megumi Ueno, Ikuo Nakanishi, Ken-Ichiro Matsumoto, Tadashi Kamada, Ken-Ichi Yamada, Ichio Aoki
The effect of different static magnetic field strengths, 1 T or 7 T, on the quality of nitroxyl radical-based magnetic resonance redox imaging (MRRI) was examined. A stable nitroxyl radical, 3-methoxycarbonyl-2,2,5,5-tetramethylpyrrolidine-N-oxyl (MC-PROXYL), was used as a T1 contrast agent. Phantoms and animals were scanned at 1 T and 7 T using a similar gradient echo sequence. The quality of T1-weighted images and susceptibility of T1-weighted signals were compared. The nitroxyl radical-based T1-weighted signal enhancement ratio was higher at 1 T compared with at 7 T when the identical phantom was scanned using a similar gradient echo sequence...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115686/inner-volume-echo-volumar-imaging-ivevi-for-robust-fetal-brain-imaging
#9
Rita G Nunes, Giulio Ferrazzi, Anthony N Price, Jana Hutter, Andreia S Gaspar, Mary A Rutherford, Joseph V Hajnal
PURPOSE: Fetal functional MRI studies using conventional 2-dimensional single-shot echo-planar imaging sequences may require discarding a large data fraction as a result of fetal and maternal motion. Increasing the temporal resolution using echo volumar imaging (EVI) could provide an effective alternative strategy. Echo volumar imaging was combined with inner volume (IV) imaging (IVEVI) to locally excite the fetal brain and acquire full 3-dimensional images, fast enough to freeze most fetal head motion...
November 8, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104150/differentiating-between-primary-central-nervous-system-lymphomas-and-glioblastomas-combined-use-of-perfusion-and-diffusion-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#10
Keishi Makino, Toshinori Hirai, Hideo Nakamura, Jun-Ichiro Kuroda, Naoki Shinojima, Hiroyuki Uetani, Mika Kitajima, Shigetoshi Yano
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether combined diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced perfusion-weighted imaging (PWI) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to differentiate between common malignant brain tumors, including lymphomas and high-grade gliomas. METHODS: We evaluated 87 patients with histologically confirmed brain tumors, including 33 primary central nervous system lymphomas (PCNSLs) and 54 glioblastomas (GBMs)...
November 2, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097941/use-of-ultrasmall-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-enhanced-susceptibility-weighted-imaging-and-mean-vessel-density-imaging-to-monitor-antiangiogenic-effects-of-sorafenib-on-experimental-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#11
Shuohui Yang, Jiang Lin, Fang Lu, Zhihong Han, Caixia Fu, Hongchen Gu
We investigated effectiveness of ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide enhanced susceptibility weighted imaging (USPIO-enhanced SWI) and mean vessel density imaging (Q) in monitoring antiangiogenic effects of Sorafenib on orthotopic hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Thirty-five HCC xenografts were established. USPIO-enhanced SWI and Q were performed on a 1.5 T MR scanner at baseline, 7, 14, and 21 days after Sorafenib treatment. Intratumoral susceptibility signal intensity (ITSS) and Q were serially measured and compared between the treated (n = 15) and control groups (n = 15)...
2017: Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097933/clinical-applications-of-contrast-enhanced-perfusion-mri-techniques-in-gliomas-recent-advances-and-current-challenges
#12
REVIEW
Junfeng Zhang, Heng Liu, Haipeng Tong, Sumei Wang, Yizeng Yang, Gang Liu, Weiguo Zhang
Gliomas possess complex and heterogeneous vasculatures with abnormal hemodynamics. Despite considerable advances in diagnostic and therapeutic techniques for improving tumor management and patient care in recent years, the prognosis of malignant gliomas remains dismal. Perfusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging techniques that could noninvasively provide superior information on vascular functionality have attracted much attention for evaluating brain tumors. However, nonconsensus imaging protocols and postprocessing analysis among different institutions impede their integration into standard-of-care imaging in clinic...
2017: Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097764/iron-deposition-in-substantia-nigra-abnormal-iron-metabolism-neuroinflammatory-mechanism-and-clinical-relevance
#13
Zhuo Liu, Hui-Cong Shen, Teng-Hong Lian, Lei Mao, Shou-Xian Tang, Li Sun, Xi-Yan Huang, Peng Guo, Chen-Jie Cao, Shu-Yang Yu, Li-Jun Zuo, Xiao-Min Wang, Sheng-Di Chen, Piu Chan, Wei Zhang
Parkinson disease (PD) is associated with multiple factors, including iron, which is demonstrated to deposit excessively in PD brains. We detected iron deposition by susceptibility weighted image (SWI) and measured the levels of iron metabolism-related proteins and inflammatory factors in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum of PD patients and control subjects. Clinical symptoms of PD were evaluated by series of rating scales. Relationships among above factors were analyzed. Results showed that corrected phase (CP) value of substantia nigra (SN) was significantly decreased in PD group compared to control group, hence, SN was the main region with excessive iron deposition...
November 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090331/differentiation-of-grade-ii-iii-and-grade-iv-glioma-by-combining-t1-contrast-enhanced-brain-perfusion-imaging-and-susceptibility-weighted-quantitative-imaging
#14
Jitender Saini, Pradeep Kumar Gupta, Prativa Sahoo, Anup Singh, Rana Patir, Suneeta Ahlawat, Manish Beniwal, K Thennarasu, Vani Santosh, Rakesh Kumar Gupta
PURPOSE: MRI is a useful method for discriminating low- and high-grade glioma using perfusion MRI and susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of T1-perfusion MRI and SWI in discriminating among grade II, III, and IV gliomas. METHODS: T1-perfusion MRI was used to measure relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) in 129 patients with glioma (70 grade IV, 33 grade III, and 26 grade II tumors). SWI was also used to measure the intratumoral susceptibility signal intensity (ITSS) scores for each tumor in these patients...
October 31, 2017: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082510/brain-signal-intensity-changes-as-biomarkers-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#15
Juan F Vázquez-Costa, Miguel Mazón, Joan Carreres-Polo, David Hervás, Jordi Pérez-Tur, Luis Martí-Bonmatí, Teresa Sevilla
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the contribution of the demographical, clinical, analytical and genetic factors to brain signal intensity changes in T2-weighted MR images in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients and controls. METHODS: Susceptibility-weighted and FLAIR sequences were obtained in a 3T MR scanner. Iron-related hypointensities in the motor cortex (IRhMC) and hyperintensities of the corticospinal tract (HCT) were qualitatively scored. Age, gender, family history and clinical variables were recorded...
October 29, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079523/combining-images-and-anatomical-knowledge-to-improve-automated-vein-segmentation-in-mri
#16
Phillip G D Ward, Nicholas J Ferris, Parnesh Raniga, David L Dowe, Amanda C L Ng, David G Barnes, Gary F Egan
PURPOSE: To improve the accuracy of automated vein segmentation by combining susceptibility-weighted images (SWI), quantitative susceptibility maps (QSM), and a vein atlas to produce a resultant image called a composite vein image (CV image). METHOD: An atlas was constructed in common space from manually traced MRI images from ten volunteers. The composite vein image was derived for each subject as a weighted sum of three inputs; an SWI image, a QSM image and the vein atlas...
October 25, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079522/image-processing-and-quality-control-for-the-first-10-000-brain-imaging-datasets-from-uk-biobank
#17
Fidel Alfaro-Almagro, Mark Jenkinson, Neal K Bangerter, Jesper L R Andersson, Ludovica Griffanti, Gwenaëlle Douaud, Stamatios N Sotiropoulos, Saad Jbabdi, Moises Hernandez-Fernandez, Emmanuel Vallee, Diego Vidaurre, Matthew Webster, Paul McCarthy, Christopher Rorden, Alessandro Daducci, Daniel C Alexander, Hui Zhang, Iulius Dragonu, Paul M Matthews, Karla L Miller, Stephen M Smith
UK Biobank is a large-scale prospective epidemiological study with all data accessible to researchers worldwide. It is currently in the process of bringing back 100,000 of the original participants for brain, heart and body MRI, carotid ultrasound and low-dose bone/fat x-ray. The brain imaging component covers 6 modalities (T1, T2 FLAIR, susceptibility weighted MRI, Resting fMRI, Task fMRI and Diffusion MRI). Raw and processed data from the first 10,000 imaged subjects has recently been released for general research access...
October 24, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077370/removal-of-arterial-vessel-contributions-in-susceptibility-weighted-images-for-quantification-of-normalized-visible-venous-volume-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disease
#18
Adam M. Winchell, Ruitian Song, Ralf B. Loeffler, Winfred C. Wang, Jane S. Hankins, Kathleen J. Helton, Claudia M. Hillenbrand
Purpose: To evaluate a new postprocessing framework that eliminates arterial vessel signal contributions in the quantification of normalized visible venous volume (NVVV, a ratio between venous and brain volume) in susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) exams in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD). Materials and Methods: We conducted a retrospective study and qualitatively reviewed for hypointense arterial vessel contamination in SWI exams from 21 children with SCD...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073886/ultra-high-field-swi-of-the-substantia-nigra-at-7t-reliability-and-consistency-of-the-swallow-tail-sign
#19
Manuel A Schmidt, Tobias Engelhorn, Franz Marxreiter, Juergen Winkler, Stefan Lang, Stephan Kloska, Philipp Goelitz, Arnd Doerfler
BACKGROUND: The loss of the swallow-tail sign of the substantia nigra has been proposed for diagnosis of Parkinson's disease. Aim was to evaluate, if the sign occurs consistently in healthy subjects and if it can be reliably detected with high-resolution 7T susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI). METHODS: Thirteen healthy adults received SWI at 7T. 3 neuroradiologists, who were blinded to patients' diagnosis, independently classified subjects regarding the swallow-tail sign to be present or absent...
October 26, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071104/how-does-plate-size-affect-estimated-satiation-and-intake-for-individuals-in-normal-weight-and-overweight-groups
#20
M Peng
OBJECTIVE: Manipulating plate sizes could possibly introduce perceptual biases for judging food satiation and intake, which is thought to be related to the Delbeouf illusion - a visual illusion based on the perceived size of one object related to another. This study was to investigate whether an association exists between an individual's susceptibility to the plate-size-effect and their weight status (i.e. normal-weight versus overweight). METHODS: The study assessed the effect of plate size amongst normal-weight (N = 124) and overweight (N = 79) New Zealand Europeans...
September 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
keyword
keyword
119180
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"