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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315152/impact-of-surgeon-self-evaluation-and-positive-deviance-on-postoperative-adverse-events-after-non-cardiac-thoracic-surgery
#1
Jelena Ivanovic, Fargol Mostofian, Caitlin Anstee, Sebastien Gilbert, Donna E Maziak, Farid M Shamji, Ramanadhan Sudhir Sundaresan, Patrick James Villeneuve, Andrew J E Seely
As an innovative approach to improve quality of surgical care, we combined surgeon self-assessment and anonymized peer comparison with continuous quality improvement seminars using positive deviance (CQI/PD) to identify surgeon(s) with the lowest rates of adverse events (AEs) to guide group practice recommendations. Our objective was to quantify the impact these interventions on postoperative AEs rates after major non-cardiac chest operations. All postoperative AEs after all thoracic operations (n = 1,084, March, 2013 to February, 2016, single-center) were prospectively collected using the thoracic morbidity and mortality system, based on Clavien-Dindo schema...
January 8, 2018: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226230/new-paths-in-post-graduate-medical-training-in-general-practice-8-years-of-experience-with-the-pilot-project-verbundweiterbildungplus-baden-w%C3%A3-rttemberg
#2
Simon Schwill, Julia Magez, Stefanie Joos, Jost Steinhäuser, Thomas Ledig, Aline Rubik, Wilhelm Niebling, Joachim Szecsenyi, Elisabeth Flum
Background: In face of the looming shortage of general practitioners, primary healthcare providers and post-graduate training in general practice are increasingly becoming part of the political agenda in Germany. In 2009 the program "Verbundweiterbildung plus Baden-Württemberg" (VWB plus BW) was developed by the Competence Center for General Practice in Baden-Wuerttemberg to ensure primary healthcare in the future by enhancing the attractiveness of general medicine. This paper describes the experiences that have been gathered in developing a post-graduate training-program for physicians undergoing specialist training in general practice...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223514/need-for-integrative-thinking-to-fight-against-emerging-infectious-diseases-proceedings-of-the-5th-seminar-on-emerging-infectious-diseases-march-22-2016-%C3%A2-current-trends-and-proposals
#3
C Burdet, J-F Guégan, X Duval, M Le Tyrant, H Bergeron, J-C Manuguerra, J Raude, C Leport, P Zylberman
We present here the proceedings of the 5th seminar on emerging infectious diseases, held in Paris on March 22nd, 2016, with seven priority proposals that can be outlined as follows: encourage research on the prediction, screening and early detection of new risks of infection; develop research and surveillance concerning transmission of pathogens between animals and humans, with their reinforcement in particular in intertropical areas ("hot-spots") via public support; pursue aid development and support in these areas of prevention and training for local health personnel, and foster risk awareness in the population; ensure adapted patient care in order to promote adherence to treatment and to epidemic propagation reduction measures; develop greater awareness and better education among politicians and healthcare providers, in order to ensure more adapted response to new types of crises; modify the logic of governance, drawing from all available modes of communication and incorporating new information-sharing tools; develop economic research on the fight against emerging infectious diseases, taking into account specific driving factors in order to create a balance between preventive and curative approaches...
December 6, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214157/towards-a-global-initiative-for-fibrosis-treatment-gift
#4
Maria Molina-Molina, Alvar Agusti, Bruno Crestani, David A Schwartz, Melanie Königshoff, Rachel C Chambers, Toby M Maher, Rosa Faner, Ana Lucia Mora, Mauricio Rojas, Katerina M Antoniou, Jacobo Sellares
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive lung disease characterised by increased scarring of lung tissue. Despite the recent introduction of novel drugs that slow disease progression, IPF remains a deadly disease, and the benefits of these new drugs differ markedly between patients. Human diseases arise due to alterations in an almost limitless network of interconnected genes, proteins, metabolites, cells and tissues, in direct relationship with a continuously changing macro- or microenvironment...
October 2017: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018840/sharing-individual-patient-and-parasite-level-data-through-the-worldwide-antimalarial-resistance-network-platform-a-qualitative-case-study
#5
Elizabeth Pisani, Stella Botchway
BACKGROUND: Increasingly, biomedical researchers are encouraged or required by research funders and journals to share their data, but there's very little guidance on how to do that equitably and usefully, especially in resource-constrained settings. We performed an in-depth case study of one data sharing pioneer: the WorldWide Antimalarial Resistance Network (WWARN). METHODS: The case study included a records review, a quantitative analysis of WAARN-related publications, in-depth interviews with 47 people familiar with WWARN, and a witness seminar involving a sub-set of 11 interviewees...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972652/shared-decision-making-for-people-with-asthma
#6
REVIEW
Kayleigh M Kew, Poonam Malik, Krishnan Aniruddhan, Rebecca Normansell
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the airways and is common in both adults and children. It is characterised by symptoms including wheeze, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and cough. People with asthma may be helped to manage their condition through shared decision-making (SDM). SDM involves at least two participants (the medical practitioner and the patient) and mutual sharing of information, including the patient's values and preferences, to build consensus about favoured treatment that culminates in an agreed action...
October 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969326/thinking-fast-and-slow-highlights-from-the-2016-bja-seminar-on-anaesthetic-neurotoxicity-and-neuroplasticity
#7
S G Soriano, L Vutskits, V Jevtovic-Todorovic, H C Hemmings
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955075/prevalence-of-myths-concerning-growth-and-health-of-children-among-females-of-local-population-of-pakistan
#8
Khaula Atif, Tehmina Babar, Syed Abid Hassan Naqvi, Annam Javed, Afeera Afsheen, Karishma Ehsan
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the prevalence of myths among women regarding growth and health-related issues of children, and to study the impact of basic demographic factors in this regard. METHODS: The educational, cross-sectional, descriptive study was carried out at the Combined Military Hospital, Peshawar, Pakistan, from January 2016 to January 2017. It comprised women reporting to paediatric outpatient clinics, and the subjects were selected using convenience sampling...
October 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931174/improvement-of-radiological-teaching-effects-of-focusing-of-learning-targets-and-increased-consideration-of-learning-theory-knowledge
#9
Stefan Wirth, York-Alexander William, Marco Paolini, Kathrin Wirth, Daniel Maxien, Maximilian Reiser, Martin R Fischer
Purpose Based on evaluation and examination results of students, a necessity for improvement of so far purely instructor-based radiological teaching at the local institution was determined. Aim of our study was to use one out of eight seminars to exemplify adaptation of the teaching concept according to learning theory knowledge, to determine the resulting effects and to interpret them. Materials and methods The institutional review board approved the prospective study of the seminar conversion, which was performed after the end of the winter semester 2015/2016...
September 20, 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930765/encouraging-reflexivity-in-a-residency-leadership-development-program-expanding-outside-the-competency-approach
#10
Justin T Clapp, Emily K B Gordon, Dimitry J Baranov, Beulah Trey, Felice Y Tilin, Lee A Fleisher
PROBLEM: While leadership development is increasingly a goal of academic medicine, it is typically framed as competency acquisition, which can limit its focus to a circumscribed set of social behaviors. This orientation may also reinforce the cultural characteristics of academic medicine that can make effective leadership difficult, rather than training leaders capable of examining and changing this culture. Expanding leadership development so it promotes social reflexivity presents a way to bolster some of the weaknesses of the competency paradigm...
September 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911061/international-cancer-seminars-a-focus-on-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#11
G Murphy, V McCormack, B Abedi-Ardekani, M Arnold, M C Camargo, N A Dar, S M Dawsey, A Etemadi, R C Fitzgerald, D E Fleischer, N D Freedman, A M Goldstein, S Gopal, M Hashemian, N Hu, P L Hyland, B Kaimila, F Kamangar, R Malekzadeh, C G Mathew, D Menya, G Mulima, M M Mwachiro, A Mwasamwaja, N Pritchett, Y-L Qiao, L F Ribeiro-Pinto, M Ricciardone, J Schüz, F Sitas, P R Taylor, K Van Loon, S-M Wang, W-Q Wei, C P Wild, C Wu, C C Abnet, S J Chanock, P Brennan
The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and the US National Cancer Institute (NCI) have initiated a series of cancer-focused seminars [Scelo G, Hofmann JN, Banks RE et al. International cancer seminars: a focus on kidney cancer. Ann Oncol 2016; 27(8): 1382-1385]. In this, the second seminar, IARC and NCI convened a workshop in order to examine the state of the current science on esophageal squamous cell carcinoma etiology, genetics, early detection, treatment, and palliation, was reviewed to identify the most critical open research questions...
September 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899118/book-review-lacan-on-love-an-exploration-of-lacan-s-seminar-viii-transference-lacan-on-love-an-exploration-of-lacan-s-seminar-viii-transference-by-fink-bruce-malden-ma-polity-press-2016-xii-253-pp-69-95-hardcover-22-75-paperback
#12
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887241/noninvasive-peripheral-artery-disease-screening-tools-a-deficient-knowledge-among-french-vascular-residents-from-4-medical-schools
#13
Olivier Stivalet, Loukman Omarjee, Segolene Chaudru, Clement Hoffmann, Luc Bressollette, Kevin P Cohoon, Vincent Jaquinandi, Guillaume Mahe
BACKGROUND: Ankle-brachial index (ABI) at rest, postexercise ABI, and toe-brachial index (TBI) are essential diagnostic tools recommended for peripheral artery disease (PAD) diagnosis. Our study investigates the level of knowledge on these 3 tests among vascular medicine residents from 4 French medical schools in France. METHODS: We included 19 vascular medicine residents in a cross-sectional study. During an annual obligatory seminar, all residents accepted to fill 3 questionnaires concerning knowledge about these 3 tests...
September 6, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882382/soil-transmitted-helminth-infections
#14
REVIEW
Peter Mark Jourdan, Poppy H L Lamberton, Alan Fenwick, David G Addiss
More than a quarter of the world's population is at risk of infection with the soil-transmitted helminths Ascaris lumbricoides, hookworm (Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus), Trichuris trichiura, and Strongyloides stercoralis. Infected children and adults present with a range of medical and surgical conditions, and clinicians should consider the possibility of infection in individuals living in, or returning from, endemic regions. Although safe and effective drugs are donated free to endemic countries, only half of at-risk children received treatment in 2016...
September 4, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841625/american-society-of-maxillofacial-surgeons-2006-to-2016-another-decade-of-excellence-in-education-and-research
#15
Gaby Doumit, Ali Totonchi, Andy Wexler, Arun K Gosain
Over the past 10 years, the American Society of Maxillofacial Surgeons (ASMS) has continued to advance to meet its mission of being the premier organization to represent maxillofacial and pediatric plastic surgery in the United States. These advances are focused on education of its members, to include the American Society of Maxillofacial Surgeons basic course, the preconference symposium, the annual meeting, two basic maxillofacial courses per year, advanced maxillofacial courses, a boot camp for craniofacial fellows, a cleft course, quarterly webinars, sponsored fellowships, a visiting professorship, and the ASMS journal...
September 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768546/five-years-experience-of-an-annual-course-on-implementation-science-an-evaluation-among-course-participants
#16
Siw Carlfjord, Kerstin Roback, Per Nilsen
BACKGROUND: Increasing interest in implementation science has generated a demand for education and training opportunities for researchers and practitioners in the field. However, few implementation science courses have been described or evaluated in the scientific literature. The aim of the present study was to provide a short- and long-term evaluation of the implementation training at Linköping University, Sweden. METHODS: Two data collections were carried out...
August 2, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763076/-study-plan-2016-of-the-licentiate-of-medical-surgery-of-the-faculty-of-higher-studies-iztacala
#17
Adolfo René Méndez-Cruz, Xavier de Jesús Novales-Castro, Lilia Isabel Ramírez-García, Eugenio Camarena-Ocampo, Julia Reyes-Reali, Uriel Calderón-Abundes, Dante Amato
The 2016 undergraduate medical degree curriculum at the Facultad de Estudios Superiores Iztacala of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) is presented. It is the result of a long institutional reflection and academic dialog process of approximately three years, which culminated in its approval by UNAM's Academic Council for the Biology, Chemistry, and Health Sciences areas on January 25, 2016. Its most relevant characteristics are: modular organization, four knowledge areas (biomedical, methodological, socio-psychological, and humanistic and medical practice), and new modules such as Seminar of socio-psycho-biological integration; Genetics and molecular biology; Biochemistry and cellular biology; Pharmacological basis of therapeutics; Infectious diseases, microbiology and parasitology; Medical ethics; Public health; and Evidence-based medicine - clinical epidemiology...
May 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748196/developing-interactive-antimicrobial-stewardship-and-infection-prevention-curricula-for-diverse-learners-a-tailored-approach
#18
Priya Nori, Theresa Madaline, Iona Munjal, Shubha Bhar, Yi Guo, Susan K Seo, Andrea Porrovecchio, Elizabeth Gancher, Joshua Nosanchuk, Liise-Anne Pirofski, Belinda Ostrowsky
BACKGROUND: To impart principles of antimicrobial stewardship (AS) and infection prevention and control (IPC), we developed a curriculum tailored to the diverse aptitudes of learners at our medical center. METHODS: We integrated case-based modules, group learning activities, smartphone applications (apps), decision support tools, and prescription audit and feedback into curricula of the medical school, medicine residency program, infectious diseases (ID) fellowship program, and hospital medicine program operations...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635207/integrating-the-care-of-the-complex-copd-patient
#19
Claudio F Donner, Laura Carrozzi, Sara Maio, Sandra Baldacci, Francesco Pistelli, Giovanni Viegi, Andrea Purro, Roberto Torchio, Enrico Clini, Sandro Amaducci, Richard L ZuWallack, Roger Goldstein, Michael Morgan, Jean Bourbeau, Guido Vagheggini, Emiel F M Wouters
Proceedings of the European Seminars in Respiratory Medicine course, Long-Term Integrated Care of COPD Patients held in Stresa, Italy, on 16-17 June, 2016.
May 18, 2017: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551477/an-evaluation-of-approaches-used-to-teach-quality-improvement-to-pre-registration-healthcare-professionals-an-integrative-review
#20
REVIEW
Lorraine Armstrong, Ashley Shepherd, Fiona Harris
BACKGROUND: Improving the quality of healthcare remains central to UK and international policy, practice and research. In 2003, The Institute of Medicine's 'Health Professions Education: A Bridge to Quality', advocated quality improvement as a core competency for all healthcare professionals. As a result, developing capacity and capability of those applying improvement methodologies in the pre-registration population has risen, yet, little is known about the teaching approaches employed for this purpose...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
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