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seminar 2016

Ananya Doda, Gita Negi, Dushyant Singh Gaur, Meena Harsh
INTRODUCTION: Health-care professionals are trained health-care providers who occupy a potential vanguard position in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) prevention programs and the management of AIDS patients. This study was performed to assess HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) and perceptions among health-care professionals at a tertiary health-care institution in Uttarakhand, India, and to identify the target group where more education on HIV is needed...
January 2018: Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
Sobia Khan, Ashley Vandermorris, John Shepherd, James W Begun, Holly Jordan Lanham, Mary Uhl-Bien, Whitney Berta
BACKGROUND: Complexity thinking is increasingly being embraced in healthcare, which is often described as a complex adaptive system (CAS). Applying CAS to healthcare as an explanatory model for understanding the nature of the system, and to stimulate changes and transformations within the system, is valuable. MAIN TEXT: A seminar series on systems and complexity thinking hosted at the University of Toronto in 2016 offered a number of insights on applications of CAS perspectives to healthcare that we explore here...
March 21, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Alice Huertas, Christophe Guignabert
The European Respiratory Society (ERS) Research Seminar entitled " Pulmonary Vascular Endothelium: Orchestra Conductor in Respiratory Diseases - Highlights from Basic Research to Therapy " brought together international experts of dysfunctional pulmonary endothelium, from basic science to translational medicine, to discuss several important aspects in acute and chronic lung diseases. This review will briefly sum up the different topics of discussion of this meeting held in Paris (France) on October 27th and 28th, 2016...
March 15, 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
Andreas Jerrentrup, Tobias Mueller, Ulrich Glowalla, Meike Herder, Nadine Henrichs, Andreas Neubauer, Juergen R Schaefer
TV series such as "House MD", "Grey´s Anatomy" or "Emergency Room" are well perceived by medical students. Seminars featuring medical TV series such as "House MD" might serve as door-opener to attract medical students to learn more about rare diseases. The TV series "House MD" is troublesome for the main character Dr. House is an excellent diagnostician but at the same time a rather misanthropic person. Therefore, lecturing medicine with the help of "House MD" requires constant evaluation...
2018: PloS One
Lauren R Bangerter, Joan M Griffin, Arielle Eagan, Manish Mishra, Angela Lunde, Véronique Roger, Albert Mulley, Jon Lotherington
Objective: In December 2016, 66 health leaders from 14 countries convened at the Salzburg Global Seminar (SGS) to engage in cross-cultural and collaborative discussions centered on 'Rethinking Care Toward the End of Life'. Conversations focused on global perspectives on death and dying, challenges experienced by researchers, physicians, patients and family caregivers. This paper summarizes key findings and recommendations from SGS. Design: Featured sessions focused on critical issues of end of life care led by key stakeholders, physicians, researchers, and other global leaders in palliative care...
March 2, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
L Fidalgo Domingos, E M San Norberto García, D Gutiérrez Castillo, C Flota Ruiz, I Estévez Fernández, C Vaquero Puerta
BACKGROUND: Endovascular procedures come with a potential risk of radiation hazards both to patients and to the vascular staff. Classically, most endovascular interventions took place in regular operating rooms using a fluoroscopy C-arm unit controlled by a third party. Hybrid operating rooms (HOR) provide an optimal surgical suit with all the qualities of a fixed C-arm device, while allowing the device to be controlled by the surgical team. The latest studies suggest that an operator-controlled system may reduce the radiation dose...
February 28, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Hongbo Lin, Xun Tang, Peng Shen, Dudan Zhang, Jinguo Wu, Jingyi Zhang, Ping Lu, Yaqin Si, Pei Gao
INTRODUCTION: Data based on electronic health records (EHRs) are rich with individual-level longitudinal measurement information and are becoming an increasingly common data source for clinical risk prediction worldwide. However, few EHR-based cohort studies are available in China. Harnessing EHRs for research requires a full understanding of data linkages, management, and data quality in large data sets, which presents unique analytical opportunities and challenges. The purpose of this study is to provide a framework to establish a uniquely integrated EHR database in China for scientific research...
February 12, 2018: BMJ Open
Emmanuel J Favaloro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
Beth Welch, Joshua J Spooner, Kim Tanzer, Matthew R Dintzner
Objective. To design and implement a longitudinal course series focused on professional development and professional identity formation in pharmacy students at Western New England University. Methods. A four-year, theme-based course series was designed to sequentially and longitudinally impart the values, attributes, and characteristics of a professional pharmacist. Requirements of the course include: goal planning and reflective assignments, submission of "Best Works," attendance at professional meetings, completion of service hours, annual completion of a Pharmacy Professionalism Instrument, attendance at Dean's Seminar, participation in roundtable discussions, and maintenance of an electronic portfolio...
December 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Jelena Ivanovic, Fargol Mostofian, Caitlin Anstee, Sebastien Gilbert, Donna E Maziak, Farid M Shamji, Ramanadhan Sudhir Sundaresan, Patrick James Villeneuve, Andrew J E Seely
As an innovative approach to improve quality of surgical care, we combined surgeon self-assessment and anonymized peer comparison with continuous quality improvement seminars using positive deviance (CQI/PD) to identify surgeon(s) with the lowest rates of adverse events (AEs) to guide group practice recommendations. Our objective was to quantify the impact these interventions on postoperative AEs rates after major non-cardiac chest operations. All postoperative AEs after all thoracic operations (n = 1,084, March, 2013 to February, 2016, single-center) were prospectively collected using the thoracic morbidity and mortality system, based on Clavien-Dindo schema...
January 8, 2018: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
Simon Schwill, Julia Magez, Stefanie Joos, Jost Steinhäuser, Thomas Ledig, Aline Rubik, Wilhelm Niebling, Joachim Szecsenyi, Elisabeth Flum
Background: In face of the looming shortage of general practitioners, primary healthcare providers and post-graduate training in general practice are increasingly becoming part of the political agenda in Germany. In 2009 the program "Verbundweiterbildung plus Baden-Württemberg" (VWB plus BW) was developed by the Competence Center for General Practice in Baden-Wuerttemberg to ensure primary healthcare in the future by enhancing the attractiveness of general medicine. This paper describes the experiences that have been gathered in developing a post-graduate training-program for physicians undergoing specialist training in general practice...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
C Burdet, J-F Guégan, X Duval, M Le Tyrant, H Bergeron, J-C Manuguerra, J Raude, C Leport, P Zylberman
We present here the proceedings of the 5th seminar on emerging infectious diseases, held in Paris on March 22nd, 2016, with seven priority proposals that can be outlined as follows: encourage research on the prediction, screening and early detection of new risks of infection; develop research and surveillance concerning transmission of pathogens between animals and humans, with their reinforcement in particular in intertropical areas ("hot-spots") via public support; pursue aid development and support in these areas of prevention and training for local health personnel, and foster risk awareness in the population; ensure adapted patient care in order to promote adherence to treatment and to epidemic propagation reduction measures; develop greater awareness and better education among politicians and healthcare providers, in order to ensure more adapted response to new types of crises; modify the logic of governance, drawing from all available modes of communication and incorporating new information-sharing tools; develop economic research on the fight against emerging infectious diseases, taking into account specific driving factors in order to create a balance between preventive and curative approaches...
February 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
Maria Molina-Molina, Alvar Agusti, Bruno Crestani, David A Schwartz, Melanie Königshoff, Rachel C Chambers, Toby M Maher, Rosa Faner, Ana Lucia Mora, Mauricio Rojas, Katerina M Antoniou, Jacobo Sellares
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive lung disease characterised by increased scarring of lung tissue. Despite the recent introduction of novel drugs that slow disease progression, IPF remains a deadly disease, and the benefits of these new drugs differ markedly between patients. Human diseases arise due to alterations in an almost limitless network of interconnected genes, proteins, metabolites, cells and tissues, in direct relationship with a continuously changing macro- or microenvironment...
October 2017: ERJ Open Research
Elizabeth Pisani, Stella Botchway
BACKGROUND: Increasingly, biomedical researchers are encouraged or required by research funders and journals to share their data, but there's very little guidance on how to do that equitably and usefully, especially in resource-constrained settings. We performed an in-depth case study of one data sharing pioneer: the WorldWide Antimalarial Resistance Network (WWARN). METHODS: The case study included a records review, a quantitative analysis of WAARN-related publications, in-depth interviews with 47 people familiar with WWARN, and a witness seminar involving a sub-set of 11 interviewees...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
Kayleigh M Kew, Poonam Malik, Krishnan Aniruddhan, Rebecca Normansell
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the airways and is common in both adults and children. It is characterised by symptoms including wheeze, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and cough. People with asthma may be helped to manage their condition through shared decision-making (SDM). SDM involves at least two participants (the medical practitioner and the patient) and mutual sharing of information, including the patient's values and preferences, to build consensus about favoured treatment that culminates in an agreed action...
October 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
S G Soriano, L Vutskits, V Jevtovic-Todorovic, H C Hemmings
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Khaula Atif, Tehmina Babar, Syed Abid Hassan Naqvi, Annam Javed, Afeera Afsheen, Karishma Ehsan
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the prevalence of myths among women regarding growth and health-related issues of children, and to study the impact of basic demographic factors in this regard. METHODS: The educational, cross-sectional, descriptive study was carried out at the Combined Military Hospital, Peshawar, Pakistan, from January 2016 to January 2017. It comprised women reporting to paediatric outpatient clinics, and the subjects were selected using convenience sampling...
October 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Stefan Wirth, York-Alexander William, Marco Paolini, Kathrin Wirth, Daniel Maxien, Maximilian Reiser, Martin R Fischer
Purpose Based on evaluation and examination results of students, a necessity for improvement of so far purely instructor-based radiological teaching at the local institution was determined. Aim of our study was to use one out of eight seminars to exemplify adaptation of the teaching concept according to learning theory knowledge, to determine the resulting effects and to interpret them. Materials and methods The institutional review board approved the prospective study of the seminar conversion, which was performed after the end of the winter semester 2015/2016...
September 20, 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
Justin T Clapp, Emily K B Gordon, Dimitry Y Baranov, Beulah Trey, Felice J Tilin, Lee A Fleisher
PROBLEM: While leadership development is increasingly a goal of academic medicine, it is typically framed as competency acquisition, which can limit its focus to a circumscribed set of social behaviors. This orientation may also reinforce the cultural characteristics of academic medicine that can make effective leadership difficult, rather than training leaders capable of examining and changing this culture. Expanding leadership development so it promotes social reflexivity presents a way to bolster some of the weaknesses of the competency paradigm...
February 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
G Murphy, V McCormack, B Abedi-Ardekani, M Arnold, M C Camargo, N A Dar, S M Dawsey, A Etemadi, R C Fitzgerald, D E Fleischer, N D Freedman, A M Goldstein, S Gopal, M Hashemian, N Hu, P L Hyland, B Kaimila, F Kamangar, R Malekzadeh, C G Mathew, D Menya, G Mulima, M M Mwachiro, A Mwasamwaja, N Pritchett, Y-L Qiao, L F Ribeiro-Pinto, M Ricciardone, J Schüz, F Sitas, P R Taylor, K Van Loon, S-M Wang, W-Q Wei, C P Wild, C Wu, C C Abnet, S J Chanock, P Brennan
The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and the US National Cancer Institute (NCI) have initiated a series of cancer-focused seminars [Scelo G, Hofmann JN, Banks RE et al. International cancer seminars: a focus on kidney cancer. Ann Oncol 2016; 27(8): 1382-1385]. In this, the second seminar, IARC and NCI convened a workshop in order to examine the state of the current science on esophageal squamous cell carcinoma etiology, genetics, early detection, treatment, and palliation, was reviewed to identify the most critical open research questions...
September 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
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