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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449318/screening-diagnosis-and-management-of-human-cysticercosis-and-t-solium-taeniasis-technical-recommendations-by-the-cohemi-project-study-group
#1
Lorenzo Zammarchi, Maurizio Bonati, Marianne Strohmeyer, Marco Albonico, Ana Requena-Méndez, Zeno Bisoffi, Alessandra Nicoletti, Hector H García, Alessandro Bartoloni
Neurocysticercosis, the central nervous system's localized form of cysticercosis, is considered to be the leading cause of epilepsy in the developing world. In Europe, the disease mainly imported and affects both immigrants and travellers. However, autochthonous cases of cysticercosis in low-endemic countries could also originate from T. solium carriers (migrants or travellers) who acquired taeniasis overseas. Management of cysticercosis is a challenge for European healthcare providers since they are often hardly aware of this infection and have little familiarity in managing this disease...
April 27, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445122/importation-of-zika-virus-from-vietnam-to-japan-november-2016
#2
Takehiro Hashimoto, Satoshi Kutsuna, Shigeru Tajima, Eri Nakayama, Takahiro Maeki, Satoshi Taniguchi, Chang-Kweng Lim, Yuichi Katanami, Nozomi Takeshita, Kayoko Hayakawa, Yasuyuki Kato, Norio Ohmagari
We report a case of Zika virus infection that was imported to Japan by a traveler returning from Vietnam. We detected Zika virus RNA in the patient's saliva, urine, and whole blood. In the Zika virus strain isolated from the urine, we found clearly smaller plaques than in previous strains.
July 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442104/zika-virus-infection-and-its-emerging-trends-in-southeast-asia
#3
REVIEW
Ahmad Ruzain Salehuddin, Haszianaliza Haslan, Norshalizah Mamikutty, Nurul Hannim Zaidun, Mohamad Fairuz Azmi, Mohamad Mu'izuddin Senin, Syed Baharom Syed Ahmad Fuad, Zar Chi Thent
Zika virus is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that represents a public health emergency at the ongoing epidemic. Previously, this rare virus was limited to sporadic cases in Africa and Asia until its emergence in Brazil, South America in 2015, where it rapidly spread throughout the world. Recently, a high number of cases were reported in Singapore and other Southeast Asia countries. A combination of factors explains the current Zika virus outbreak although it is highly likely that the changes in the climate and high frequency of travelling contribute to the spread of Aedes vector carrying the Zika virus mainly to the tropical climate countries such as the Southeast Asia...
March 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438137/case-report-of-plasmodium-ovale-curtisi-malaria-in-sri-lanka-relevance-for-the-maintenance-of-elimination-status
#4
Sharmini Gunawardena, Rachel F Daniels, Thishan C Yahathugoda, Mirani V Weerasooriya, Katelyn Durfee, Sarah K Volkman, Dyann F Wirth, Nadira D Karunaweera
BACKGROUND: Following its recent certification as malaria-free, imported infections now pose the greatest threat for maintaining this status in Sri Lanka. Imported infections may also introduce species that are uncommon or not previously endemic to these areas. We highlight in this case report the increasing importance of less common malaria species such as Plasmodium ovale in elimination settings and discuss its relevance for the risk of malaria resurgence in the country. CASE PRESENTATION: A 41-year-old patient from southern Sri Lanka was diagnosed with malaria after 8 days of fever...
April 24, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436267/pneumonia-with-pleural-empyema-caused-by-salmonella-typhi-in-an-immunocompetent-child-living-in-a-non-endemic-country
#5
Gwénaëlle Duhil de Bénazé, Emilie Desselas, Véronique Houdouin, Patricia Mariani-Kurkdjian, Ahmed Kheniche, Stéphane Dauger, Géraldine Poncelet, Jean Gaschignard, Michaël Levy
Extra-intestinal complications of Salmonella Typhi (S. Typhi) infections usually occur in endemic countries and in patients with underlying risk conditions. A 14-year-old immunocompetent girl was admitted with respiratory distress owing to S. Typhi pneumonia and pleural empyema. She was a native of Ivory Coast but had lived in France for 4 years and had not travelled abroad for several years. There were no gastro-intestinal symptoms and no S. Typhi carriage was detected in her family. She recovered completely with ceftriaxone and ciprofloxacin and pleural drainage was not required...
April 24, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435330/first-case-of-imported-chikungunya-infection-in-croatia-2016
#6
Boris Luksic, Nenad Pandak, Edita Drazic-Maras, Svjetlana Karabuva, Mislav Radic, Andrea Babic-Erceg, Ljubo Barbic, Vladimir Stevanovic, Tatjana Vilibic-Cavlek
In recent years, several European countries reported cases of imported chikungunya infection. We present the first imported clinically manifested chikungunya fever in Croatia. A 27-year-old woman returned to Croatia on 21 March 2016, after she stayed in Costa Rica for two months where she had noticed a mosquito bite on her left forearm. Five days after the mosquito bite she developed severe arthralgias, fever and erythematous papular rash. In next few days symptoms gradually subsided. After ten days she felt better, but arthralgias re-appeared accompanied with morning stiffness...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427337/treatment-seeking-behaviour-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-estimated-using-a-bayesian-model
#7
Victor A Alegana, Jim Wright, Carla Pezzulo, Andrew J Tatem, Peter M Atkinson
BACKGROUND: Seeking treatment in formal healthcare for uncomplicated infections is vital to combating disease in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Healthcare treatment-seeking behaviour varies within and between communities and is modified by socio-economic, demographic, and physical factors. As a result, it remains a challenge to quantify healthcare treatment-seeking behaviour using a metric that is comparable across communities. Here, we present an application for transforming individual categorical responses (actions related to fever) to a continuous probabilistic estimate of fever treatment for one country in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA)...
April 20, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426114/infectious-diseases-and-migrant-worker-health-in-singapore-a-receiving-country-s-perspective
#8
Sapna P Sadarangani, Poh Lian Lim, Shawn Vasoo
Background.: Approximately 1.4 million migrant workers reside in Singapore, presenting unique infectious disease challenges to both migrants and Singapore. Methods.: A Pubmed, MEDLINE (Ovid), EBSCO Host (Global Health) and Google Scholar search was performed for both peer, non-peer reviewed articles and reports relevant to migrant health in Singapore, published between 1 January 1989 and 1 September 2016. Additional studies were identified from citations within searched articles...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426111/importation-of-yellow-fever-into-china-assessing-travel-patterns
#9
Annelies Wilder-Smith, W Y Leong
Rapid increase in trade and a growing air passenger market encourages high travel volume between the regions associated with increasing risks of such importations including China. Eleven Chinese workers infected during the 2016 yellow fever (YF) outbreak in Angola imported YF into China highlighting the potential for spread into Asia. Using outbound and inbound travel data, we assessed travel patterns from and to YF endemic countries in relation to China. Among YF endemic countries, Angola has the second highest number of travellers into China and also receives the second highest number of Chinese visitors...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422007/high-risk-of-dengue-type-2-outbreak-in-french-polynesia-2017
#10
Maite Aubry, Yoann Teissier, Mihiau Mapotoeke, Anita Teissier, Marine Giard, Didier Musso, Van-Mai Cao-Lormeau
In French Polynesia, the four serotypes of dengue virus (DENV-1 to -4) have caused 14 epidemics since the mid-1940s. From the end of 2016, an increasing number of Pacific Island Countries and Territories have reported DENV-2 outbreaks and in February 2017, DENV-2 infection was detected in French Polynesia in three travellers from Vanuatu. As DENV-2 has not been circulating in French Polynesia since December 2000, there is high risk for an outbreak to occur.
April 6, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421065/zika-virus-infection-during-pregnancy-and-congenital-abnormalities
#11
REVIEW
Irfan A Rather, Jameel B Lone, Vivek K Bajpai, Yong-Ha Park
The presence of the Zika virus (ZIKV) infection has gone ahead to be a threat to people based on its adverse impacts. More specifically, the pregnant women have been discouraged from traveling to the areas affected by the ZIKV because of the likelihood of the virus causing congenital abnormalities especially the microcephaly. The pregnant women probably attracted the virus during their first trimester while visiting ZIKV affected territories. Although the ZIKV infected cases have reduced in some parts of countries, the global risk assessment has not been changed...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419273/habitat-and-density-of-oviposition-opportunity-influences-aedes-aegypti-diptera-culicidae-flight-distance
#12
Heidi E Brown, Jonathan Cox, Andrew C Comrie, Roberto Barrera
Understanding the dispersal of Aedes (aegypti (L.) Diptera: Culicidae) after consuming a potentially infectious bloodmeal is an important part of controlling the spread of the arboviruses it transmits. Because of the impact on abundance, removal of oviposition sites is a key component of vector control. However, source reduction around a case may encourage dispersal of potentially infected vectors. We compare the effect of oviposition site availability on Ae. aegypti dispersal behavior within 30-m linear cages in three model ecosystems at the University of Arizona's Biosphere 2 research facility...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415996/travel-and-the-emergence-of-high-level-drug-resistance-in-plasmodium-falciparum-in-southwest-uganda-results-from-a-population-based-study
#13
Caroline A Lynch, Richard Pearce, Hirva Pota, Connie Egwang, Thomas Egwang, Amit Bhasin, Jonathan Cox, Tarekegn A Abeku, Cally Roper
BACKGROUND: The I164L mutation on the dhfr gene confers high level resistance to sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) but it is rare in Africa except in a cluster of reports where prevalence >10% in highland areas of southwest Uganda and eastern Rwanda. The occurrence of the dhfr I164L mutation was investigated in community surveys in this area and examined the relationship to migration. METHODS: A cross-sectional prevalence survey was undertaken in among villages within the catchment areas of two health facilities in a highland site (Kabale) and a highland fringe site (Rukungiri) in 2007...
April 17, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414993/chikungunya-virus-infections-time-to-act-time-to-treat
#14
REVIEW
Rana Abdelnabi, Johan Neyts, Leen Delang
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a re-emerging alphavirus that caused massive outbreaks of Chikungunya fever in several countries and regions in Africa, Asia and more recently in Central and South America. An acute CHIKV infection is usually associated with fever and arthritis and it is rarely fatal. However, 15-60% of patients suffer from chronic polyarthralgia for weeks, months or even for several years after the acute infection. There are currently no vaccines or antivirals available for the prevention or treatment of CHIKV infections...
April 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414677/a-rare-case-of-tropical-pyomysitis-acquired-on-vacation-in-a-healthy-male
#15
K Poole, T Tran
INTRODUCTION: Pyomyositis has traditionally been considered a tropical disease. Increasing prevalence has been observed in more northern climates, especially with HIV, immunosuppression, and IV drug abuse as predisposing factors. Pyomyositis has the tendency to mimic other conditions, such as muscle contusion, necrotizing fasciitis, or septic arthritis. The rarity of this disease and non-specificity of its symptoms often lead to delay in appropriate diagnosis and treatment. CASE: 24-year-old man, seen 2 days prior in orthopedics clinic and the Emergency Department for persistent gluteal pain thought to be due to right-sided sciatica, was admitted following worsening pain, diffuse generalized weakness with polyarthralgias and myalgias These symptoms were associated with night sweats, shaking chills, and difficulty walking...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413745/seven-cases-of-zika-virus-infection-in-south-florida
#16
Waqaar Khawar, Romina Bromberg, Molly Moor, Natalya Lyubynska, Hilda Mahmoudi
INTRODUCTION: Zika virus, an arbovirus of the Flaviviridae family, is a mosquito-borne virus known to cause microcephaly through vertical transmission. Infection presents with mild, self-limiting symptoms. Currently, a Zika virus outbreak has spread across most of South and Central America. Travel-related and sexually transmitted cases have been reported across the United States. However, the vector-borne transmission has been limited to Florida and Texas. We present seven cases of Zika virus infection that presented at a single institution in South Florida...
March 16, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413694/first-neonatal-demise-with-travel-associated-zika-virus-infection-in-the-united-states-of-america
#17
Nikolaos Zacharias, Janice Whitty, Sarah Noblin, Sophia Tsakiri, Jose Garcia, Michael Covinsky, Meenakshi Bhattacharjee, David Saulino, Nina Tatevian, Sean Blackwell
Zika virus is increasingly recognized as a fetal pathogen worldwide. We describe the first case of neonatal demise with travel-associated Zika virus infection in the United States of America, including a novel prenatal ultrasound finding. A young Latina presented to our health care system in Southeast Texas for prenatal care at 23 weeks of gestation. Fetal Dandy-Walker malformation, asymmetric cerebral ventriculomegaly, single umbilical artery, hypoechoic fetal knee, dorsal foot edema, and mild polyhydramnios were noted upon initial screening prenatal sonography at 26 weeks...
April 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412927/widespread-subcutaneous-necrosis-in-spotted-fever-group-rickettsioses-from-the-coastal-belt-of-sri-lanka-a-case-report
#18
Nathasha Luke, Hasini Munasinghe, Lakshmi Balasooriya, Ranjan Premaratna
BACKGROUND: Spotted fever group rickettsioses (SFGR) transmitted mostly by ticks are increasingly discovered around the World and some of them are either re-emerging or emerging in Sri Lanka. Accidental human infections caused by these vector borne zoonotic diseases generally give rise to nonspecific acute febrile illnesses which can be complicated by multi organ involvement carrying high morbidity and mortality. Nonspecific clinical features and non-availability of early diagnostic facilities are known to result in delay in the diagnosis of rickettsial infections...
April 17, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411095/acute-hepatitis-e-virus-infection-in-a-migrant-population-in-north-east-italy-a-retrospective-analysis
#19
Lucia Bradanini, Daniel Youkee, Paolo Fabris, Luisa Romanò, Enrico Brunetti, Maria Teresa Giordani
OBJECTIVE: To study the epidemiological and clinical features of Hepatitis E Virus (HEV) infection in a migrant population. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review, identifying a cohort of 21 symptomatic patients of migrant origin with confirmed HEV infection admitted in the period between January 1995-November 2014. RESULTS: 20 (95%) patients came from South Asian countries highly endemic for HEV, all positive for HEV genotype 1...
April 12, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410415/influence-of-host-factors-and-parasite-biomass-on-the-severity-of-imported-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria
#20
Nicolas Argy, Eric Kendjo, Claire Augé-Courtoi, Sandrine Cojean, Jérôme Clain, Pascal Houzé, Marc Thellier, Veronique Hubert, Philippe Deloron, Sandrine Houzé
OBJECTIVES: Imported malaria in France is characterized by various clinical manifestations observed in a heterogeneous population of patients such as travelers/expatriates and African migrants. In this population, host factors and parasite biomass associated with severe imported malaria are poorly known. METHODS: From data collected by the Centre National de Référence du Paludisme, we identified epidemiological, demographic and biological features including parasite biomass and anti-plasmodial antibody levels (negative, positive and strongly positive serology) associated with different disease severity groups (very severe, moderately severe, and uncomplicated malaria) in 3 epidemiological groups (travelers/expatriates, first- and second-generation migrants)...
2017: PloS One
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