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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932291/influenza-not-mers-cov-among-returning-hajj-and-umrah-pilgrims-with-respiratory-illness-kashmir-north-india-2014-15
#1
Parvaiz A Koul, Hyder Mir, Siddhartha Saha, Mandeep S Chadha, Varsha Potdar, Marc-Alain Widdowson, Renu B Lal, Anand Krishnan
BACKGROUND: The increasing reports of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) caused by MERS coronavirus (MERS-CoV) from many countries emphasize its importance for international travel. Muslim pilgrimages of Hajj and Umrah involve mass gatherings of international travellers. We set out to assess the presence of influenza and MERS-CoV in Hajj/Umrah returnees with acute respiratory infection. . METHODS: Disembarking passengers (n = 8753) from Saudi Arabia (October 2014 to April 2015) were interviewed for the presence of respiratory symptoms; 977 (11%) reported symptoms and 300 (age 26-90, median 60 years; 140 male) consented to participate in the study...
December 5, 2016: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927917/zika-virus-testing-considerations-lessons-learned-from-the-first-eighty-real-time-rt-pcr-positive-cases-diagnosed-in-new-york-state
#2
Kirsten St George, Inderbir S Sohi, Elizabeth M Dufort, Amy B Dean, Jennifer L White, Ronald Limberger, Jamie N Sommer, Stephanie Ostrowski, Susan J Wong, P Bryon Backenson, Daniel Kuhles, Debra Blog, Jill Taylor, Brad Hutton, Howard A Zucker
The performance and interpretation of laboratory tests for Zika virus (ZKV) continue to be evaluated. Serology is cross-reactive, laborious and frequently difficult to interpret and serum was initially solely recommended for molecular diagnosis. ZKV testing was initiated January 2016 in New York State for symptomatic patients, pregnant women, their infants, and patients with Guillain-Barré Syndrome, who traveled to areas with ZKV transmission. Subsequently, eligibility was expanded to pregnant women with sexual partners with similar travel history...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922196/hiv-prevalence-and-phylogenetic-characteristics-among-entry-travelers-in-xishuangbanna-prefecture-yunnan-province-between-2003-and-2012
#3
Binghui Wang, Yaobo Liang, Yajuan Wang, Yue Feng, Yaping Li, Li Zhang, Qicai Xuan, Jing Miao, Weihong Qin, Xueshan Xia
Xishuangbanna is a popular tourist destination in southern Yunnan Province, bordering with Vietnam and Laos and Myanmar. There are more than 2 million cross-border travelers annually entering China at two land ports, Daluo and Mohan. To clarify the characteristics of HIV-1 prevalence among entry travelers, a retrospective epidemic investigation was conducted. Between 2003 and 2012, 196 among 91,432 entry travelers were detected to be HIV-1-positive, accounting for infection rate of 0.21%. Eighty-one gag-pol gene sequences were obtained for phylogenetic analyses and subsequent recombination analysis...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918261/indoor-development-of-aedes-aegypti-in-germany-2016
#4
Helge Kampen, Stephanie Jansen, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit, Doreen Walther
In spring 2016, a German traveller returning from Martinique cultivated imported plant offsets in her home, and accidentally bred Aedes aegypti. Thirteen adult mosquito specimens submitted for identification and the traveller were tested for Zika, dengue and chikungunya virus infections, with negative results. The detection of Ae. aegypti by the 'Mueckenatlas' project demonstrates the value of this passive surveillance scheme for potential public health threats posed by invasive mosquitoes in Germany.
November 24, 2016: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916738/a-review-of-the-recent-advances-in-antimicrobial-coatings-for-urinary-catheters
#5
REVIEW
Priyadarshini Singha, Jason Locklin, Hitesh Handa
: More than 75% of hospital-acquired or nosocomial urinary tract infections are initiated by urinary catheters, which are used during the treatment of 15-25% of hospitalized patients. Among other purposes, urinary catheters are primarily used for draining urine after surgeries and for urinary incontinence. During catheter-associated urinary tract infections, bacteria travel up to the bladder and cause infection. A major cause of catheter-associated urinary tract infection is attributed to the use of non-ideal materials in the fabrication of urinary catheters...
December 1, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911041/impact-of-rabies-vaccination-history-on-attainment-of-an-adequate-antibody-titre-among-dogs-tested-for-international-travel-certification-israel-2010-2014
#6
B Yakobson, N Taylor, N Dveres, S Rotblat, Ż Spero, E W Lankau, J Maki
Rabies is endemic in wildlife or domestic carnivore populations globally. Infection of domestic dogs is of particular concern in many areas. In regions where domestic animals are at risk of exposure to rabies virus, dogs should be routinely vaccinated against rabies to protect both pet and human populations. Many countries require demonstration of an adequate level of serum rabies neutralizing antibodies to permit entry of dogs during international travel. We analysed rabies titres of dogs seeking travel certification in Israel to assess demographic and vaccine history factors associated with antibody titres below the acceptable threshold for travel certification...
December 2, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907013/development-and-implementation-of-the-ebola-traveler-monitoring-program-and-clinical-outcomes-of-monitored-travelers-during-october-may-2015-minnesota
#7
Aaron DeVries, Pamela Talley, Kristin Sweet, Susan Kline, Patricia Stinchfield, Pritish Tosh, Richard Danila
BACKGROUND: In October 2014, the United States began actively monitoring all persons who had traveled from Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone in the previous 21 days. State public health departments were responsible for monitoring all travelers; Minnesota has the largest Liberian population in the United States. The MDH Ebola Clinical Team (ECT) was established to assess travelers with symptoms of concern for Ebola virus disease (EVD), coordinate access to healthcare at appropriate facilities including Ebola Assessment and Treatment Units (EATU), and provide guidance to clinicians...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906864/potential-for-treatment-and-a-zika-virus-vaccine
#8
Natalie Quanquin, Lulan Wang, Genhong Cheng
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Zika virus (ZIKV) has only recently been exposed as a significant public health threat, and much of our limited knowledge of its pathogenesis and triggered immune responses were discovered in only the last few years. There are currently no ZIKV-specific therapeutics or vaccines available. This review seeks to bring the reader up-to-date with the latest developments in finding a way to combat this emerging infectious disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Current strategies used for developing ZIKV vaccines or treatments follow proven methods used against other flaviviruses...
November 30, 2016: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905288/cyclospora-cayetanensis-opportunistic-protozoan-parasite-in-van-province-turkey-a-report-of-seven-cases
#9
Zeynep Taş Cengiz, Yunus Emre Beyhan, Hasan Yılmaz
The aim of this study is to report seven Cyclospora cayetanensis (C.cayetanensis) cases determined in Yuzuncu Yil University Medical Faculty Parasitology Laboratory, Van province, Turkey. In the study native-Lugol, formalin-ethyl acetate and modified acid-fast staining methods were performed to stool samples of the patients sent from outpatient clinics of the hospital. All of the patients infected with C. cayetanensis were older than 15 years. In our cases there were not a history of international travel. Only one of our seven cases was immunosuppressed...
September 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904546/cured-transudative-pleural-effusion-a-case-report
#10
Mohsen Shafipoor, Arda Kiani, Kambiz Sheikhy, Atefeh Abedini, Majid Golestani Eraghi
Echinococcosis or hydatid disease is a helminthic infection caused by larvae of tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus. While the cysts can involve all organs, liver is the most common site of infection and the lungs are the second most commonly involved organ in young adults. In addition to endemic areas its incidence is growing all around the world due to the ease of transcontinental travel. Disease presentation varies and usually is due to mass effect or dysfunction of the involved organ and surgical resection is the recommended treatment...
2016: Tanaffos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903290/assessing-the-burden-of-intestinal-parasites-affecting-newly-arrived-immigrants-in-qatar
#11
Marawan A Abu-Madi, Jerzy M Behnke, Ahmed Ismail, Sonia Boughattas
BACKGROUND: In the last decades, the enormous influx of immigrants to industrialized countries has led to outbreaks of parasitic diseases, with enteric infections being amongst the most frequently encountered. In its strategy to control such infection, Qatar has established the Pre-Employment Certificate (PEC) program which requires medical inspection before arrival in Qatar and which is mandatory for immigrant workers travelling to the country. To assess the reliability of the PEC, we conducted a survey of intestinal parasites, based on examination of stool samples provided by immigrant workers (n = 2,486) recently arrived in Qatar...
December 1, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902502/zika-virus-and-patient-blood-management
#12
Lawrence T Goodnough, Marisa B Marques
Sporadic Zika virus infections had only occurred in Africa and Asia until an outbreak in Micronesia (Oceania) in 2007. In 2013 to 2014, several outer Pacific Islands reported local outbreaks. Soon thereafter, the virus was likely introduced in Brazil from competing athletes from French Polynesia and other countries that participated in a competition there. Transmission is thought to have occurred through mosquito bites and spread to the immunologically naive population. Being also a flavivirus, the Zika virus is transmitted by the Aedes mosquito that is endemic in South and Central America that is also the vector of West Nile virus, dengue, and chikungunya...
November 29, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893080/travel-associated-zika-virus-disease-acquired-in-the-americas-through-february-2016-a-geosentinel-analysis
#13
Davidson H Hamer, Kira A Barbre, Lin H Chen, Martin P Grobusch, Patricia Schlagenhauf, Abraham Goorhuis, Perry J J van Genderen, Israel Molina, Hilmir Asgeirsson, Phyllis E Kozarsky, Eric Caumes, Stefan H Hagmann, Frank P Mockenhaupt, Gilles Eperon, Elizabeth D Barnett, Emmanuel Bottieau, Andrea K Boggild, Philippe Gautret, Noreen A Hynes, Susan Kuhn, R Ryan Lash, Karin Leder, Michael Libman, Denis J M Malvy, Cecilia Perret, Camilla Rothe, Eli Schwartz, Annelies Wilder-Smith, Martin S Cetron, Douglas H Esposito
Background: Zika virus has spread rapidly in the Americas and has been imported into many nonendemic countries by travelers. Objective: To describe clinical manifestations and epidemiology of Zika virus disease in travelers exposed in the Americas. Design: Descriptive, using GeoSentinel records. Setting: 63 travel and tropical medicine clinics in 30 countries. Patients: Ill returned travelers with a confirmed, probable, or clinically suspected diagnosis of Zika virus disease seen between January 2013 and 29 February 2016...
November 22, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892990/zika-virus-what-the-otolaryngologist-should-know-a-review
#14
Demetri Arnaoutakis, Tapan Padhya
Importance: Initially discovered in 1947, Zika virus infection received little notoriety as a tropical disease until 2015 when an outbreak of microcephaly cases was reported in Brazil. Zika is a single-stranded RNA arbovirus of the Flaviviridae family. The primary source of infection in humans stems from Aedes aegypti mosquito bites but can also occur through sexual, blood, and perinatal transmission. With expectations that 3 to 4 million people across the Americas will be infected over the next year, the World Health Organization has declared this event a Public Health Emergency of International Concern...
November 17, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890813/international-travel-is-a-risk-factor-for-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-acquisition-in-children-a-case-case-control-study-in-an-urban-u-s-hospital
#15
Jonathan P Strysko, Vidya Mony, Jeremiah Cleveland, Hanna Siddiqui, Peter Homel, Christina Gagliardo
BACKGROUND: Extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL) infections are increasing in both adults and children. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology of children with ESBL in an ethnically-diverse population, to determine what proportion of these infections were community-onset, and to identify risk factors predisposing children to ESBL acquisition. METHODS: A case-case-control study of children aged 0-18 years was conducted from 2012 to 2014...
November 24, 2016: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890811/enteric-fever-in-barcelona-changing-patterns-of-importation-and-antibiotic-resistance
#16
Ana Requena-Méndez, Monica Berrocal, Manuel Almela, Alex Soriano, Joaquim Gascón, José Muñoz
BACKGROUND: Enteric fever's incidence is decreasing among residents of high-income countries, although it's rising in travelers coming from low-resource endemic settings. The study's aim is to describe epidemiological, clinical and laboratory features of patients with enteric fever. METHODS: Retrospective descriptive study of enteric fever cases diagnosed at a Tropical Medicine Unit in Barcelona, 1993-2012. RESULTS: Out of 40 patients, 31(77,5%) were returning travelers, and 70% of them had been in Southern Asia...
November 24, 2016: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887586/hepatitis-e-virus-seroepidemiology-a-post-earthquake-study-among-blood-donors-in-nepal
#17
Ashish C Shrestha, Robert L P Flower, Clive R Seed, Manita Rajkarnikar, Shrawan K Shrestha, Uru Thapa, Veronica C Hoad, Helen M Faddy
BACKGROUND: As one of the causative agents of viral hepatitis, hepatitis E virus (HEV) has gained public health attention globally. HEV epidemics occur in developing countries, associated with faecal contamination of water and poor sanitation. In industrialised nations, HEV infections are associated with travel to countries endemic for HEV, however, autochthonous infections, mainly through zoonotic transmission, are increasingly being reported. HEV can also be transmitted by blood transfusion...
November 25, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884406/-clinical-approach-to-imported-eosinophilia
#18
Elías Cañas García-Otero, Julia Praena-Segovia, Maite Ruiz-Pérez de Pipaón, Xerach Bosh-Guerra, Magdalena Sánchez-Agüera, Daniel Álvarez-Martínez, José Miguel Cisneros-Herreros
Eosinophilia is a common finding in international travelers and immigrants, being an helmintic infection its main etiology. The positive predictive value of eosinophilia for an helmintosis is low in travellers. Eosinophilia may be an incidental finding, or symptomatic, and it represents a clinical challenge due to the low sensitivity and specificity of direct and indirect parasitological diagnostic tests, respectively. It requires a structured approach based on geographical areas, environmental exposures and behavioral risks, and associated symptoms...
December 2016: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881099/predictors-of-hiv-infection-a-prospective-hiv-screening-study-in-a-ugandan-refugee-settlement
#19
Kelli N O'Laughlin, Dustin J Rabideau, Julius Kasozi, Robert A Parker, Nirma D Bustamante, Zikama M Faustin, Kelsy E Greenwald, Rochelle P Walensky, Ingrid V Bassett
BACKGROUND: The instability faced by refugees may place them at increased risk of exposure to HIV infection. Nakivale Refugee Settlement in southwestern Uganda hosts 68,000 refugees from 11 countries, many with high HIV prevalence. We implemented an HIV screening program in Nakivale and examined factors associated with new HIV diagnosis. METHODS: From March 2013-November 2014, we offered free HIV screening to all clients in the Nakivale Health Center while they waited for their outpatient clinic visit...
November 23, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879122/controlling-imported-malaria-cases-in-the-united-states-of-america
#20
Bassidy Dembele, Abdul-Aziz Yakubu
We extend the mathematical malaria epidemic model framework of Dembele et al. and use it to ``capture" the 2013 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported data on the 2011 number of imported malaria cases in the USA. Furthermore, we use our ``fitted" malaria models for the top 20 countries of malaria acquisition by USA residents to study the impact of protecting USA residents from malaria infection when they travel to malaria endemic areas, the impact of protecting residents of malaria endemic regions from mosquito bites and the impact of killing mosquitoes in those endemic areas on the CDC number of imported malaria cases in USA...
February 1, 2017: Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering: MBE
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