keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

travel infection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934181/notes-from-the-field-increase-in-reported-hepatitis-a-infections-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-new-york-city-january-august-2017
#1
Julia Latash, Marie Dorsinville, Paula Del Rosso, Mike Antwi, Vasudha Reddy, HaeNa Waechter, Jacqueline Lawler, Heather Boss, Philip Kurpiel, P Bryon Backenson, Charles Gonzalez, Shannon Rowe, Tasha Poissant, Yulin Lin, Guo-Liang Xia, Sharon Balter
Since 2011, the New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) has typically been notified of three or fewer cases of hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection each year among men who have sex with men (MSM) who reported no travel to countries where HAV is endemic. This year, DOHMH noted an increase in HAV infections among MSM with onsets in January-March 2017, and notified other public health jurisdictions via Epi-X, CDC's communication exchange network. As a result, 51 patients with HAV infection involving MSM were linked to the increase in NYC...
September 22, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933344/first-outbreak-of-zika-virus-in-the-continental-united-states-a-modelling-analysis
#2
Giovanni Marini, Giorgio Guzzetta, Roberto Rosà, Stefano Merler
Since 2015, Zika virus (ZIKV) has spread throughout Latin and Central America. This emerging infectious disease has been causing considerable public health concern because of severe neurological complications, especially in newborns after congenital infections. In July 2016, the first outbreak in the continental United States was identified in the Wynwood neighbourhood of Miami-Dade County, Florida. In this work, we investigated transmission dynamics using a mathematical model calibrated to observed data on mosquito abundance and symptomatic human infections...
September 14, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932658/the-process-of-wrapping-virus-revealed-by-a-force-tracing-technique-and-simulations
#3
Yangang Pan, Fuxian Zhang, Liuyang Zhang, Shuheng Liu, Mingjun Cai, Yuping Shan, Xianqiao Wang, Hanzhong Wang, Hongda Wang
Viral entry into the host cell is the first step of virus infection; however, its dynamic process via endocytosis remains largely elusive. Here, the force tracing technique and single particle simulation are combined to investigate the invagination of single human enterovirus 71 (HEV71, a positive single-stranded RNA virus that is associated with hand, foot, and mouth disease) via cell membranes during its host cell entry. The experimental results reveal that the HEV71 invaginates in membrane vesicles at a force of 58 ± 16 pN, a duration time of 278 ± 68 ms...
September 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931145/medical-and-psychological-problems-faced-by-young-australian-gap-year-travellers
#4
Luis Furuya-Kanamori, Deborah Mills, Sarah Sheridan, Colleen Lau
Background: Gap year travellers can potentially be exposed to many infectious diseases and other travel-related health problems including injuries and psychological problems. Currently, there is little information on health and wellbeing of this particular group of travellers. Methods: Participants were recruited from an organization that specialized in organising international gap year placements. Gap year travellers were asked to complete a pre-departure survey on demographics, placement destination and duration, previous travel experience, hobbies, risk taking behaviour, anticipated problems during the placement, and pre-travel preparations...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931140/infection-with-echinostoma-sp-in-a-group-of-travellers-to-lake-tanganyika-tanzania-in-january-2017
#5
Ruth N Chunge, Charles N Chunge
A small group of travellers became infected with Echinostoma sp. after ingesting raw fish which they caught in Lake Tanganyika, Tanzania, in January 2017. The infection was diagnosed by finding the characteristic eggs in stool samples collected over a 2-week period following their return to Kenya. Echinostoma is a genus of parasitic flukes normally known to infect humans in southeast Asia and the Far East. This appears to be the first report of echinostomiasis in East Africa which can be attributed clearly to ingestion of locally caught raw fish...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931128/6-year-review-of-redivi-a-prospective-registry-of-imported-infectious-diseases-in-spain
#6
José A Pérez-Molina, Ana López-Polín, Begoña Treviño, Israel Molina, Josune Goikoetxea, Marta Díaz-Menéndez, Diego Torrús, Eva Calabuig, Agustín Benito, Rogelio López-Vélez
Background: Understanding and detecting imported diseases is a priority in the prevention and management of prevalent and emergent infectious diseases acquired abroad. The +Redivi network measures the burden of imported infections in Spain and is essential for closing the gap in travel medicine. Methods: Demographic characteristics, travel information, syndromes and confirmed travel-related diagnoses were registered in a standardised online database. Results: A total of 10 767 cases of imported infectious diseases were registered between October 2009 and December 2015...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931126/cutaneous-mycobacterium-gordonae-infection-in-an-elderly-diabetic-returned-traveller
#7
Ibrahim Al-Busaidi, Daniel Wong, Andrea K Boggild
Mycobacterium gordonae, a low pathogenicity organism, is rarely implicated in skin and soft tissue infections. We present a 77-year-old returned diabetic traveler from rural Sudan with cutaneous M. gordonae infection. Several months of ciprofloxacin, rifampin and ethambutol led to resolution of his plaque, without signs of recurrence at 6-month follow-up.
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926326/prevalence-of-hepatitis-a-virus-antibody-in-portuguese-travelers-a-new-paradigm
#8
Sónia Rocha, Sandra Tejo, Eugénia Ferreira, Luís Trindade, Eduardo Rabadão, Nuno Marques, José Saraiva da Cunha
INTRODUCTION: In Portugal, the prevalence of hepatitis A virus infection has decreased in the past decades, especially in young adults. The aim of this study was to detect the prevalence of antibody to hepatitis A virus in a population observed in our Travel Clinic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Antibodies against hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C and human immunodeficiency virus were tested using standard enzyme immunoassay in patients older than 18. The exclusion criteria were: prior vaccination for hepatitis A virus, previous diagnosis of infection with hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus and/or human immunodeficiency virus, foreign travelers and long-term expatriates...
August 31, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924461/do-the-benefits-of-transplant-tourism-amongst-nigerian-patients-outweigh-the-risks-a-single-center-experience
#9
C O Amira, B T Bello
BACKGROUND: Transplant tourism (TT) is the term used to describe travel outside one's country of abode for the sole purpose of obtaining organ transplantation services. OBJECTIVE: This study describes the characteristics and outcomes of kidney transplant tourists who were followed up in our institution. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on patients who underwent kidney transplantation outside the country and were followed up in our institution from 2007 to 2015...
2017: International Journal of Organ Transplantation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922821/individual-traveller-health-priorities-and-the-pre-travel-health-consultation
#10
Gerard T Flaherty, Bingling Chen, Gloria Avalos
The purpose of this study was to examine the principal travel health priorities of travellers. The most frequently selected travel health concerns were accessing medical care abroad, dying abroad, insect bites, malaria, personal safety and travel security threats. The travel health risks of least concern were culture shock, fear of flying, jet lag and sexually transmitted infections. This study is the first to develop a hierarchy of self-declared travel health risk priorities among travellers.
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922459/therapeutic-plasma-exchange-in-the-treatment-of-complicated-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-a-case-report
#11
Tsong-Yih Ou, Cheng-Yen Chuang, Chun-Da Chen, Chung-Yi Cheng
Severe falciparum malaria is associated with multiple organ dysfunction and a high rate of fatal outcome. Malaria is a world-wide disease in tropical areas through the bites of vector mosquitoes. Parasitic protozoans introduced by the mosquito's saliva to the blood travel to the liver then mature and reproduce. In humans, malaria is caused by Plasmodium falciparum, P. malariae, P. ovale, P. vivax, and P. knowlesi, and P. falciparum causes most deaths. Typical malaria symptoms include fever, chills, fatigue, headache, nausea, and vomiting...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Apheresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910268/assessment-of-hospital-emergency-department-response-to-potentially-infectious-diseases-using-unannounced-mystery-patient-drills-new-york-city-2016
#12
Mary M K Foote, Timothy S Styles, Celia L Quinn
Recent outbreaks of infectious diseases have revealed significant health care system vulnerabilities and highlighted the importance of rapid recognition and isolation of patients with potentially severe infectious diseases. During December 2015-May 2016, a series of unannounced "mystery patient drills" was carried out to assess New York City Emergency Departments' (EDs) abilities to identify and respond to patients with communicable diseases of public health concern. Drill scenarios presented a patient reporting signs or symptoms and travel history consistent with possible measles or Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)...
September 15, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906580/comparison-of-one-commercial-and-two-in-house-taqman-multiplex-real-time-pcr-assays-for-detection-of-enteropathogenic-enterotoxigenic-and-enteroaggregative-escherichia-coli
#13
Andreas Hahn, Marc Luetgehetmann, Olfert Landt, Norbert Georg Schwarz, Hagen Frickmann
OBJECTIVE: Enteropathogenic, enterotoxigenic, and enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EPEC, ETEC, EAEC) are among the most frequent causes of diarrhea during travel or on military deployments. Cost efficient and reliable real-time multiplex PCR (mPCR) assays are desirable for surveillance or point prevalence studies in remote and resource-limited tropical settings. We compared one commercial PCR kit and two in-house assays without using a gold standard to estimate sensitivity and specificity of each assay...
September 14, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905983/-occurrence-of-ehrlichia-canis-in-dogs-living-in-germany-and-comparison-of-direct-and-indirect-diagnostic-methods
#14
Jacqueline Csokai, Eva Maria Klas, Anton Heusinger, Elisabeth Müller
OBJECTIVE: To study the occurrence of Ehrlichia (E.) canis in dogs living in Germany and evaluate the possibilities and limits of direct and indirect diagnostic methods. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The first part of the study was a retrospective analysis of routine samples, which had been examined for E. canis antibodies using an indirect immunofluorescence antibody test (IFAT). The examination was part of a laboratory profile for the detection of travel-related diseases (travel disease profile) or was performed on an individual basis...
September 13, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903617/review-of-egg-related-salmonellosis-and-reduction-strategies-in-united-states-australia-united-kingdom-and-new-zealand
#15
Kapil Chousalkar, Richard Gast, Francesca Martelli, Vivek Pande
Globally, Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica is one of the most commonly reported causes of foodborne illness in humans. Contaminated food products of animal origin, particularly egg and egg products are frequently implicated in outbreaks of human salmonellosis. Salmonella enteritidis is frequently involved in egg and egg products-associated foodborne outbreaks in the USA and UK. However, in Australia and New Zealand, human infections caused by this serovar occur as a result of infection acquired while overseas travel, with Salmonella typhimurium being a predominant cause of local foodborne outbreaks...
September 14, 2017: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901976/determinants-of-short-term-movement-in-a-developing-region-and-implications-for-disease-transmission
#16
Alicia N M Kraay, James Trostle, Andrew F Brouwer, William C Trujillo, Joseph N S Eisenberg
BACKGROUND: Human mobility is important for infectious disease spread. However, little is known about how travel varies by demographic groups and how this heterogeneity influences infectious disease risk. METHODS: We analyzed ten years of survey data from 15 communities in a remote but rapidly changing region in rural Ecuador where road development in the past 15-20 years has dramatically changed travel. We identify determinants of travel and incorporate them into an infection transmission model...
September 7, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894440/otitis-media-caused-by-v-cholerae-o100-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Peter Kechker, Yigal Senderovich, Shifra Ken-Dror, Sivan Laviad-Shitrit, Eiji Arakawa, Malka Halpern
Infections due to Vibrio cholerae are rarely documented in Israel. Here we report a case of recurrent otitis media in a young male, caused by V. cholerae non-O1/O139. This extra-intestinal infection was caused by V. cholerae O100 and has been associated with freshwater exposure and travel. Symptoms of chronic periodic earaches along with purulent exudate began about one week after the patient suffered a water skiing accident on a river in Australia. The condition lasted for three years, until his ear exudate was examined in a clinical laboratory, diagnosed and treated...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892499/effectiveness-and-economic-assessment-of-routine-larviciding-for-prevention-of-chikungunya-and-dengue-in-temperate-urban-settings-in-europe
#18
Giorgio Guzzetta, Filippo Trentini, Piero Poletti, Frederic Alexandre Baldacchino, Fabrizio Montarsi, Gioia Capelli, Annapaola Rizzoli, Roberto Rosà, Stefano Merler, Alessia Melegaro
In the last decades, several European countries where arboviral infections are not endemic have faced outbreaks of diseases such as chikungunya and dengue, initially introduced by infectious travellers from tropical endemic areas and then spread locally via mosquito bites. To keep in check the epidemiological risk, interventions targeted to control vector abundance can be implemented by local authorities. We assessed the epidemiological effectiveness and economic costs and benefits of routine larviciding in European towns with temperate climate, using a mathematical model of Aedes albopictus populations and viral transmission, calibrated on entomological surveillance data collected from ten municipalities in Northern Italy during 2014 and 2015...
September 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890912/typhoid-and-scrub-typhus-coinfection-in-a-returned-traveler
#19
Christopher Wen-Xing Seow, Veena Logarajah, Natalie Woon Hui Tan
This is a case report of a 12-year-old returned traveler with typhoid and scrub typhus coinfection. The diagnosis of typhoid was made early with blood cultures and Widal Weil Felix serology. Persistent fever despite appropriate antibiotics for typhoid fever prompted a search for concomitant infection, which led to the diagnosis of scrub typhus confirmed by Orientia tsutsugamushi serology. The patient was given doxycycline with good clinical response. Scrub typhus infection should be an early consideration in the differential diagnoses of fever in a returned traveler from regions where it is endemic...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890784/first-record-of-locally-acquired-human-babesiosis-in-canada-caused-by-babesia-duncani-a-case-report
#20
John D Scott
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this clinical assessment was to ascertain whether a 70-year-old Canadian patient, who had no history of out-of-country travel, had contracted a Babesia infection. METHODS: The adult human male developed constitutional symptoms, which included sweats, chills, and immobilizing fatigue, and was screened for human babesiosis. Subsequent testing included a complete Babesia panel that consisted of B. microti immunoflourescent antibody IgM and IgG, B...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
keyword
keyword
119173
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"