keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

travel vaccines

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101910/a-practical-approach-to-vaccination-of-patients-with-autoimmune-inflammatory-rheumatic-diseases-in-australia
#1
REVIEW
Peter Kk Wong, Hanish Bagga, Claire Barrett, Paddy Hanrahan, Doug Johnson, Amel Katrib, Karin Leder, Mona Marabani, Peta Pentony, John Riordan, Ray White, Laurel Young
Autoimmune inflammatory rheumatic diseases (AIIRD) such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) are often complicated by infection, which results in significant morbidity and mortality. The increased risk of infection is probably due to a combination of immunosuppressive effects of the AIIRD, comorbidities, and the use of immunosuppressive conventional synthetic disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDS) and more recently, targeted synthetic DMARDS and biologic DMARDS which block specific pro-inflammatory enzymes, cytokines or cell types...
January 19, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089844/familial-cluster-of-exposure-to-a-confirmed-rabid-dog-in-travelers-to-algeria
#2
Sylvie Antwi, Philippe Parola, Doudou Sow, Victoria Sornin, Maxime Henrion, Philippe Gautret
A 10 person-family originating from Algeria traveled in rural Algeria for the purpose of visiting friends and relatives without seeking pre-travel advice, did not received pre-travel rabies immunization, and were exposed to a confirmed rabid dog including 8 within less than 4 days of arrival. Three received suckling mouse brain rabies vaccine although WHO strongly recommends that its production and administration be discontinued and seven received insufficient doses of equine rabies immune globulin abroad. Rabies treatment was completed on returning to France...
January 9, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086810/genotypic-characterization-of-orientia-tsutsugamushi-from-patients-in-two-geographical-locations-in-sri-lanka
#3
Ranjan Premaratna, Lucas S Blanton, Dilhar N Samaraweera, G Nalika N de Silva, Nilmini T G A Chandrasena, David H Walker, H J de Silva
BACKGROUND: To date more than 20 antigenically distinct strains of Orientia tsutsugamushi (OT) reported within the tsutsugamushi triangle that cause an undifferentiated acute febrile illness in humans. Genotypic characterization of OT in different geographic regions or within the same country, is important in order to establish effective diagnostics, clinical management and to develop effective vaccines. Genetic and antigenic characterization of OT causing human disease in OT-endemic regions is not known for Sri Lanka...
January 13, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077742/colonization-factors-in-enterotoxigenic-escherichia-coli-strains-in-travelers-to-mexico-guatemala-and-india-compared-with-children-in-houston-texas
#4
Vineetkumar B Kharat, Makhdum Ahmed, Zhi-Dong Jiang, Mark S Riddle, Herbert L DuPont
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) can be attributed to around 200 million diarrheal episodes and 380,000 deaths in the developing regions. Travelers' diarrhea occurs in 15-40% of travelers to developing regions with ETEC being the most important etiologic agent. This study aims to describe the distribution of enterotoxins and colonization factor (CF) profiles of ETEC isolates from stool samples of adult travelers acquiring diarrhea in Mexico, Guatemala, and India and a group of children with acute diarrhea in Houston, TX, between 2007 and 2012...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077609/travellers-and-influenza-risks-and-prevention
#5
REVIEW
M Goeijenbier, P van Genderen, B J Ward, A Wilder-Smith, R Steffen, A D M E Osterhaus
BACKGROUND: Influenza viruses are among the major causes of serious human respiratory tract infection worldwide. In line with the high disease burden attributable to influenza, these viruses play an important, but often neglected, role in travel medicine. Guidelines and recommendations regarding prevention and management of influenza in travellers are scarce. Of special interest for travel medicine are risk populations and also circumstances that facilitate influenza virus transmission and spread, like travel by airplane or cruise ship and mass gatherings...
January 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072887/dengue-fever-in-travellers-and-risk-of-local-spreading-case-reports-from-southern-italy-and-literature-update
#6
Claudia Fabrizio, Luciana Lepore, Maria Chironna, Gioacchino Angarano, Annalisa Saracino
Dengue fever (DF), an arbovirosis caused by Dengue viruses (DV, serotypes 1-4), is responsible for an increasing number of travel-related acute febrile illnesses due to population growth, climate changes, spreading by viremic travellers, and improved laboratory diagnosis. The presence of efficient vectors (mosquito Aedes albopictus) has also been described in temperate regions including Italy which is considered the most heavily infected European country. Normally characterized by non-specific signs and symptoms, DF incidence is probably underestimated, especially in non-endemic countries, but the risk of severe forms is substantial...
January 5, 2017: New Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069360/zika-virus-knowledge-attitudes-and-vaccine-interest-among-university-students
#7
Julia E Painter, Ashley N Plaster, Dylan H Tjersland, Kathryn H Jacobsen
BACKGROUND: Zika virus vaccine development is underway. We examined interest in receiving a Zika virus vaccine (after one becomes commercially available) among students at a large public university in Northern Virginia. METHODS: An online survey of Zika virus-related knowledge, attitudes, and interest in receiving a Zika vaccine was completed by 619 undergraduate students in April, 2016. Stepwise logistic regression with backward elimination was used to identify the variables most strongly associated with interest in being vaccinated against Zika virus...
January 6, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060810/whole-genome-sequence-analysis-of-salmonella-typhi-isolated-in-thailand-before-and-after-the-introduction-of-a-national-immunization-program
#8
Zoe A Dyson, Duy Pham Thanh, Ladaporn Bodhidatta, Carl Jeffries Mason, Apichai Srijan, Maia A Rabaa, Phat Voong Vinh, Tuyen Ha Thanh, Guy E Thwaites, Stephen Baker, Kathryn E Holt
Vaccines against Salmonella Typhi, the causative agent of typhoid fever, are commonly used by travellers, however, there are few examples of national immunization programs in endemic areas. There is therefore a paucity of data on the impact of typhoid immunization programs on localised populations of S. Typhi. Here we have used whole genome sequencing (WGS) to characterise 44 historical bacterial isolates collected before and after a national typhoid immunization program that was implemented in Thailand in 1977 in response to a large outbreak; the program was highly effective in reducing typhoid case numbers...
January 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059628/community-wide-measles-outbreak-in-the-region-of-madrid-spain-10%C3%A2-years-after-the-implementation-of-the-elimination-plan-2011-2012
#9
L García Comas, M Ordobás Gavín, J C Sanz Moreno, B Ramos Blázquez, E Rodríguez Baena, E Córdoba Deorador, M García Barquero, E Gil Montalbán, A Arce Arnáez, I Rodero Garduño, D Barranco Ordóñez, J Astray Mochales
We describe a community-wide outbreak of measles due to a D4 genotype virus that took place in the Region of Madrid, Spain, between February 2011 and August 2012, along with the control measures adopted. The following variables were collected: date of birth, sex, symptoms, complications, hospital admission, laboratory test results, link with another cases, home address, places of work or study, travel during the incubation period, ethnic group, and Mumps-Measles-Rubella (MMR) vaccination status. Incidences were calculated by 100,000 inhabitants...
January 6, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035105/the-epidemiology-of-dengue-infection-harnessing-past-experience-and-current-knowledge-to-support-implementation-of-future-control-strategies
#10
REVIEW
Narayan Gyawali, Richard S Bradbury, Andrew W Taylor-Robinson
Dengue is the most important mosquito-borne viral infection of humans. Although outbreaks of disease which are now recognized as clinically consistent with dengue have been reported for centuries, it was not until half a century ago that laboratory identification of dengue viruses as the etiological agent of febrile illness was achieved. This debilitating and sometimes fatal disease is widely distributed in >125 countries in tropical and subtropical zones of the world. Asia, South America and the Pacific Islands are hyper-epidemic regions while currently there is less prevalence in Europe, North America and Australia...
October 2016: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031259/contact-travel-and-transmission-the-impact-of-winter-holidays-on-influenza-dynamics-in-the-united-states
#11
Anne Ewing, Elizabeth C Lee, Cécile Viboud, Shweta Bansal
BACKGROUND: The seasonality of influenza is thought to vary according to environmental factors and human behavior. During winter holidays, potential disease-causing contact and travel deviate from typical patterns, and we aim to understand these changes on age-specific and spatial flu transmission. METHODS: We characterized the changes to transmission and epidemic trajectories among children and adults in a spatial context before, during, and after the winter holidays among aggregated physician medical claims in the United States from 2001 to 2009 and among synthetic data simulated from a deterministic, age-specific spatial metapopulation model...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017433/passive-antibodies-derived-from-intramuscularly-immunized-toxoid-fusion-3xstan12s-dmlt-protect-against-sta-enterotoxigenic-escherichia-coli-etec-diarrhea-in-a-pig-model
#12
Rahul M Nandre, Qiangde Duan, Yin Wang, Weiping Zhang
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) strains are among the most common causes of children's diarrhea and travelers' diarrhea. Developing effective vaccines against ETEC associated diarrhea becomes a top priority. ETEC heat-labile toxin (LT) and heat-stable toxin (STa) toxoid fusion 3xSTaN12S-dmLT was demonstrated recently to induce neutralizing antitoxin antibodies in intraperitoneally or subcutaneously immunized mice. However, whether antibodies derived from this toxoid fusion are protective against ETEC diarrhea has not been examined...
December 22, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017432/beyond-cost-effectiveness-using-systems-analysis-for-infectious-disease-preparedness
#13
Charles Phelps, Guruprasad Madhavan, Rino Rappuoli, Rita Colwell, Harvey Fineberg
Until the recent outbreaks, Ebola vaccines ranked low in decision makers' priority lists based on cost-effectiveness analysis and (or) corporate profitability. Despite a relatively small number of Ebola-related cases and deaths (compared to other causes), Ebola vaccines suddenly leapt to highest priority among international health agencies and vaccine developers. Clearly, earlier cost-effectiveness analyses badly missed some factors affecting real world decisions. Multi-criteria systems analysis can improve evaluation and prioritization of vaccine development and also of many other health policy and investment decisions...
January 20, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006649/serodiagnosis-of-zika-virus-zikv-infections-by-a-novel-ns1-based-elisa-devoid-of-cross-reactivity-with-dengue-virus-antibodies-a-multicohort-study-of-assay-performance-2015-to-2016
#14
Katja Steinhagen, Christian Probst, Christiane Radzimski, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit, Petra Emmerich, Marjan van Esbroeck, Janke Schinkel, Martin P Grobusch, Abraham Goorhuis, Jens M Warnecke, Erik Lattwein, Lars Komorowski, Andrea Deerberg, Sandra Saschenbrecker, Winfried Stöcker, Wolfgang Schlumberger
Serological diagnosis of Zika virus (ZIKV) infections is challenging due to high cross-reactivity between flaviviruses. We evaluated the diagnostic performance of a novel anti-ZIKV ELISA based on recombinant ZIKV non-structural protein 1 (NS1). Assay sensitivity was examined using sera from 27 patients with reverse transcription (RT)-PCR-confirmed and 85 with suspected ZIKV infection. Specificity was analysed using sera from 1,015 healthy individuals. Samples from 252 patients with dengue virus (n = 93), West Nile virus (n = 34), Japanese encephalitis virus (n = 25), chikungunya virus (n = 19) or Plasmodium spp...
December 15, 2016: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999275/hiv-other-blood-borne-viruses-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-amongst-expatriates-and-travellers-to-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Gemma Crawford, Roanna Lobo, Graham Brown, Chloe Macri, Hannah Smith, Bruce Maycock
In some high-income countries, a proportion of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), other blood-borne virus (BBV) or sexually transmitted infection (STI) diagnoses have been reported as acquired overseas in low- and middle-income countries. A review was conducted to explore HIV, other BBV or STI related knowledge, risk behavior and acquisition amongst expatriates and travelers, particularly males, travelling from high to low- and middle-income countries. Seven academic databases were searched for 26 peer reviewed articles that met inclusion criteria...
December 16, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997343/rabies-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-elicits-long-lasting-immunity-in-humans
#16
Karen L Mansfield, Nick Andrews, Hooman Goharriz, Trudy Goddard, Lorraine M McElhinney, Kevin E Brown, Anthony R Fooks
Despite the availability of safe and effective human vaccines, rabies remains a global threat, with an estimated 60,000 human deaths annually attributed to rabies. Pre-exposure prophylaxis against rabies infection is recommended for travelers to countries where rabies is endemic, and also for those with a higher risk of exposure. In this study, the rabies-specific neutralising antibody responses in a cohort of rabies-vaccinated recipients over a period of twenty years have been assessed. In particular, the antibody response to primary vaccinations and boosters, and the waning of antibody post primary vaccination and post booster were investigated...
November 21, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27970812/german-travelers-preferencences-for-vaccines-against-travel-related-illnesses
#17
C Poulos, D Curran, A Anastassopoulou, L De Moerlooze
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966107/the-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-a-continuing-risk-to-global-health-security
#18
Esam I Azhar, Simone Lanini, Giuseppe Ippolito, Alimuddin Zumla
Two new zoonotic coronaviruses causing disease in humans (Zumla et al. 2015a; Hui and Zumla 2015; Peiris et al. 2003; Yu et al. 2014) have been the focus of international attention for the past 14 years due to their epidemic potential; (1) The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) (Peiris et al. 2003) first discovered in China in 2001 caused a major global epidemic of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). (2) The Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is a new corona virus isolated for the first time in a patients who died of severe lower respiratory tract infection in Jeddah (Saudi Arabia) in June 2012 (Zaki et al...
December 14, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960239/histopathology-of-vaccine-preventable-diseases
#19
REVIEW
Isaac H Solomon, Danny A Milner
The widespread use of vaccines has been one of the most important medical advances in the last century, saving trillions of dollars and millions of lives. Despite local eradication of some infections, travellers returning from affected areas may cause outbreaks through reintroduction of pathogens to individuals who are unable to receive vaccines for medical reasons or who have declined vaccination for non-medical reasons. Infections that would otherwise be uncommonly encountered by anatomical pathologists should therefore remain in the differential diagnosis for immunocompromised and unvaccinated patients...
January 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942192/consensus-recommendation-for-india-and-bangladesh-for-the-use-of-pneumococcal-vaccine-in-mass-gatherings-with-special-reference-to-hajj-pilgrims
#20
Dilip Mathai, Abul Khair Mohammad Shamsuzzaman, Ahrar Ahmed Feroz, Amin R Virani, Ashfaq Hasan, K L Ravi Kumar, Khalid Ansari, Khandaker Atm Forhad Hossain, Mahesh Marda, M A Wahab Zubair, Mohammed Mukarram Ali, N Ashraf, Riyaz Basha, Shaeq Mirza, Shafeeq Ahmed, Shamim Akhtar, Syed Mustafa Ashraf, Zahirul Haque
Respiratory tract infections are prevalent among Hajj pilgrims with pneumonia being a leading cause of hospitalization. Streptococcus pneumoniae is a common pathogen isolated from patients with pneumonia and respiratory tract infections during Hajj. There is a significant burden of pneumococcal disease in India, which can be prevented. Guidelines for preventive measures and adult immunization have been published in India, but the implementation of the guidelines is low. Data from Bangladesh are available about significant mortality due to respiratory infections; however, literature regarding guidelines for adult immunization is limited...
October 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
keyword
keyword
119172
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"