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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777152/temporary-microglia-depletion-after-cosmic-radiation-modifies-phagocytic-activity-and-prevents-cognitive-deficits
#1
Karen Krukowski, Xi Feng, Maria Serena Paladini, Austin Chou, Kristen Sacramento, Katherine Grue, Lara-Kirstie Riparip, Tamako Jones, Mary Campbell-Beachler, Gregory Nelson, Susanna Rosi
Microglia are the main immune component in the brain that can regulate neuronal health and synapse function. Exposure to cosmic radiation can cause long-term cognitive impairments in rodent models thereby presenting potential obstacles for astronauts engaged in deep space travel. The mechanism/s for how cosmic radiation induces cognitive deficits are currently unknown. We find that temporary microglia depletion, one week after cosmic radiation, prevents the development of long-term memory deficits. Gene array profiling reveals that acute microglia depletion alters the late neuroinflammatory response to cosmic radiation...
May 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764504/long-term-outcomes-of-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-high-grade-dysplasia-and-early-stage-carcinoma-in-the-colorectum
#2
Tao Chen, Wen-Zheng Qin, Li-Qing Yao, Yun-Shi Zhong, Yi-Qun Zhang, Wei-Feng Chen, Jian-Wei Hu, Marie Ooi, Ling-Li Chen, Ying-Yong Hou, Mei-Dong Xu, Ping-Hong Zhou
BACKGROUND: Colorectal carcinomas (CRCs) arise from premalignant precursors in an adenoma-carcinoma sequence, in which adenoma with high-grade dysplasia (HGD) and early-stage carcinoma are defined as advanced neoplasia. A limited number of studies have evaluated the long-term outcomes of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for advanced colorectal neoplasia. This study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of ESD for advanced colorectal neoplasia as well as the long-term outcomes, including local recurrence and metastasis...
March 21, 2018: Cancer communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719815/machine-learning-in-radiation-oncology-opportunities-requirements-and-needs
#3
Mary Feng, Gilmer Valdes, Nayha Dixit, Timothy D Solberg
Machine learning (ML) has the potential to revolutionize the field of radiation oncology, but there is much work to be done. In this article, we approach the radiotherapy process from a workflow perspective, identifying specific areas where a data-centric approach using ML could improve the quality and efficiency of patient care. We highlight areas where ML has already been used, and identify areas where we should invest additional resources. We believe that this article can serve as a guide for both clinicians and researchers to start discussing issues that must be addressed in a timely manner...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675932/quantification-of-liver-function-by-linearization-of-a-two-compartment-model-of-gadoxetic-acid-uptake-using-dynamic-contrast-enhanced-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#4
Josiah Simeth, Adam Johansson, Dawn Owen, Kyle Cuneo, Michelle Mierzwa, Mary Feng, Theodore S Lawrence, Yue Cao
Dynamic gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) allows the investigation of liver function through the observation of the perfusion and uptake of contrast agent in the parenchyma. Voxel-by-voxel quantification of the contrast uptake rate (k1 ) from dynamic gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI through the standard dual-input, two-compartment model could be susceptible to overfitting of variance in the data. The aim of this study was to develop a linearized, but more robust, model. To evaluate the estimated k1 values using this linearized analysis, high-temporal-resolution gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI scans were obtained in 13 examinations, and k1 maps were created using both models...
April 19, 2018: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624684/the-ectomycorrhizal-basidiomycete-laccaria-bicolor-releases-a-secreted-%C3%AE-1-4-endoglucanase-that-plays-a-key-role-in-symbiosis-development
#5
Feng Zhang, George E Anasontzis, Aurore Labourel, Charlotte Champion, Mireille Haon, Minna Kemppainen, Carine Commun, Aurélie Deveau, Alejandro Pardo, Claire Veneault-Fourrey, Annegret Kohler, Marie-Noëlle Rosso, Bernard Henrissat, Jean-Guy Berrin, Francis Martin
In ectomycorrhiza, root ingress and colonization of the apoplast by colonizing hyphae is thought to rely mainly on the mechanical force that results from hyphal tip growth, but this could be enhanced by secretion of cell-wall-degrading enzymes, which have not yet been identified. The sole cellulose-binding module (CBM1) encoded in the genome of the ectomycorrhizal Laccaria bicolor is linked to a glycoside hydrolase family 5 (GH5) endoglucanase, LbGH5-CBM1. Here, we characterize LbGH5-CBM1 gene expression and the biochemical properties of its protein product...
April 6, 2018: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620390/yoga-as-an-intervention-for-psychological-symptoms-following-trauma-a-systematic-review-and-quantitative-synthesis
#6
Viann N Nguyen-Feng, Cari J Clark, Mary E Butler
Despite evidence of the physiologic impact of trauma, treatments are only beginning to focus on the impact of trauma on the body. Yoga may be a promising treatment for trauma sequelae, given research that supports yoga for general distress. The present study aims to systematically assess and quantitatively synthesize the effectiveness of yoga interventions for psychological symptoms (posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD], depression, anxiety symptoms) following potentially traumatic life events. The following electronic databases were systematically searched: PsycINFO, Ovid Medline/PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Embase/Embase Classic...
April 5, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587262/whole-genome-linkage-analysis-with-whole-exome-sequencing-identifies-a-novel-frameshift-variant-in-nefh-in-a-chinese-family-with-charcot-marie-tooth-2-a-novel-variant-in-nefh-for-charcot-marie-tooth-2
#7
Xianli Bian, Pengfei Lin, Jiangxia Li, Feng Long, Ruonan Duan, Qianqian Yuan, Yan Li, Fei Gao, Shang Gao, Shijun Wei, Xi Li, Wenjie Sun, Yaoqin Gong, Chuanzhu Yan, Qiji Liu
BACKGROUND: Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is the most common neurodegenerative disorder of the peripheral nervous system. More than 50 genes/loci were found associated with the disease. We found a family with autosomal-dominant CMT2. OBJECTIVE: To reveal the pathogenic gene of the family and further investigate the function of the variant. METHODS: DNA underwent whole-genome linkage analysis for all family members and whole-exome sequencing for 2 affected members...
March 27, 2018: Neuro-degenerative Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573508/anthropogenic-disturbance-equalizes-diversity-levels-in-arbuscular-mycorrhizal-fungal-communities
#8
David García de León, John Davison, Mari Moora, Maarja Öpik, Huyuan Feng, Inga Hiiesalu, Teele Jairus, Kadri Koorem, Yongjun Liu, Cherdchai Phosri, Siim-Kaarel Sepp, Martti Vasar, Martin Zobel
The arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbiosis is a key plant-microbe interaction in sustainable functioning ecosystems. Increasing anthropogenic disturbance poses a threat to AM fungal communities worldwide, but there is little empirical evidence about its potential negative consequences. In this global study we sequenced AM fungal DNA in soil samples collected from pairs of natural (undisturbed) and anthropogenic (disturbed) plots in two ecosystem types (ten naturally wooded and six naturally unwooded ecosystems)...
March 24, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549330/publisher-correction-protein-altering-variants-associated-with-body-mass-index-implicate-pathways-that-control-energy-intake-and-expenditure-in-obesity
#9
Valérie Turcot, Yingchang Lu, Heather M Highland, Claudia Schurmann, Anne E Justice, Rebecca S Fine, Jonathan P Bradfield, Tõnu Esko, Ayush Giri, Mariaelisa Graff, Xiuqing Guo, Audrey E Hendricks, Tugce Karaderi, Adelheid Lempradl, Adam E Locke, Anubha Mahajan, Eirini Marouli, Suthesh Sivapalaratnam, Kristin L Young, Tamuno Alfred, Mary F Feitosa, Nicholas G D Masca, Alisa K Manning, Carolina Medina-Gomez, Poorva Mudgal, Maggie C Y Ng, Alex P Reiner, Sailaja Vedantam, Sara M Willems, Thomas W Winkler, Gonçalo Abecasis, Katja K Aben, Dewan S Alam, Sameer E Alharthi, Matthew Allison, Philippe Amouyel, Folkert W Asselbergs, Paul L Auer, Beverley Balkau, Lia E Bang, Inês Barroso, Lisa Bastarache, Marianne Benn, Sven Bergmann, Lawrence F Bielak, Matthias Blüher, Michael Boehnke, Heiner Boeing, Eric Boerwinkle, Carsten A Böger, Jette Bork-Jensen, Michiel L Bots, Erwin P Bottinger, Donald W Bowden, Ivan Brandslund, Gerome Breen, Murray H Brilliant, Linda Broer, Marco Brumat, Amber A Burt, Adam S Butterworth, Peter T Campbell, Stefania Cappellani, David J Carey, Eulalia Catamo, Mark J Caulfield, John C Chambers, Daniel I Chasman, Yii-Der I Chen, Rajiv Chowdhury, Cramer Christensen, Audrey Y Chu, Massimiliano Cocca, Francis S Collins, James P Cook, Janie Corley, Jordi Corominas Galbany, Amanda J Cox, David S Crosslin, Gabriel Cuellar-Partida, Angela D'Eustacchio, John Danesh, Gail Davies, Paul I W Bakker, Mark C H Groot, Renée Mutsert, Ian J Deary, George Dedoussis, Ellen W Demerath, Martin Heijer, Anneke I Hollander, Hester M Ruijter, Joe G Dennis, Josh C Denny, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, Fotios Drenos, Mengmeng Du, Marie-Pierre Dubé, Alison M Dunning, Douglas F Easton, Todd L Edwards, David Ellinghaus, Patrick T Ellinor, Paul Elliott, Evangelos Evangelou, Aliki-Eleni Farmaki, I Sadaf Farooqi, Jessica D Faul, Sascha Fauser, Shuang Feng, Ele Ferrannini, Jean Ferrieres, Jose C Florez, Ian Ford, Myriam Fornage, Oscar H Franco, Andre Franke, Paul W Franks, Nele Friedrich, Ruth Frikke-Schmidt, Tessel E Galesloot, Wei Gan, Ilaria Gandin, Paolo Gasparini, Jane Gibson, Vilmantas Giedraitis, Anette P Gjesing, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Mathias Gorski, Hans-Jörgen Grabe, Struan F A Grant, Niels Grarup, Helen L Griffiths, Megan L Grove, Vilmundur Gudnason, Stefan Gustafsson, Jeff Haessler, Hakon Hakonarson, Anke R Hammerschlag, Torben Hansen, Kathleen Mullan Harris, Tamara B Harris, Andrew T Hattersley, Christian T Have, Caroline Hayward, Liang He, Nancy L Heard-Costa, Andrew C Heath, Iris M Heid, Øyvind Helgeland, Jussi Hernesniemi, Alex W Hewitt, Oddgeir L Holmen, G Kees Hovingh, Joanna M M Howson, Yao Hu, Paul L Huang, Jennifer E Huffman, M Arfan Ikram, Erik Ingelsson, Anne U Jackson, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Gail P Jarvik, Gorm B Jensen, Yucheng Jia, Stefan Johansson, Marit E Jørgensen, Torben Jørgensen, J Wouter Jukema, Bratati Kahali, René S Kahn, Mika Kähönen, Pia R Kamstrup, Stavroula Kanoni, Jaakko Kaprio, Maria Karaleftheri, Sharon L R Kardia, Fredrik Karpe, Sekar Kathiresan, Frank Kee, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Eric Kim, Hidetoshi Kitajima, Pirjo Komulainen, Jaspal S Kooner, Charles Kooperberg, Tellervo Korhonen, Peter Kovacs, Helena Kuivaniemi, Zoltán Kutalik, Kari Kuulasmaa, Johanna Kuusisto, Markku Laakso, Timo A Lakka, David Lamparter, Ethan M Lange, Leslie A Lange, Claudia Langenberg, Eric B Larson, Nanette R Lee, Terho Lehtimäki, Cora E Lewis, Huaixing Li, Jin Li, Ruifang Li-Gao, Honghuang Lin, Keng-Hung Lin, Li-An Lin, Xu Lin, Lars Lind, Jaana Lindström, Allan Linneberg, Ching-Ti Liu, Dajiang J Liu, Yongmei Liu, Ken S Lo, Artitaya Lophatananon, Andrew J Lotery, Anu Loukola, Jian'an Luan, Steven A Lubitz, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Satu Männistö, Gaëlle Marenne, Angela L Mazul, Mark I McCarthy, Roberta McKean-Cowdin, Sarah E Medland, Karina Meidtner, Lili Milani, Vanisha Mistry, Paul Mitchell, Karen L Mohlke, Leena Moilanen, Marie Moitry, Grant W Montgomery, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Carmel Moore, Trevor A Mori, Andrew D Morris, Andrew P Morris, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Patricia B Munroe, Mike A Nalls, Narisu Narisu, Christopher P Nelson, Matt Neville, Sune F Nielsen, Kjell Nikus, Pål R Njølstad, Børge G Nordestgaard, Dale R Nyholt, Jeffrey R O'Connel, Michelle L O'Donoghue, Loes M Olde Loohuis, Roel A Ophoff, Katharine R Owen, Chris J Packard, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Colin N A Palmer, Nicholette D Palmer, Gerard Pasterkamp, Aniruddh P Patel, Alison Pattie, Oluf Pedersen, Peggy L Peissig, Gina M Peloso, Craig E Pennell, Markus Perola, James A Perry, John R B Perry, Tune H Pers, Thomas N Person, Annette Peters, Eva R B Petersen, Patricia A Peyser, Ailith Pirie, Ozren Polasek, Tinca J Polderman, Hannu Puolijoki, Olli T Raitakari, Asif Rasheed, Rainer Rauramaa, Dermot F Reilly, Frida Renström, Myriam Rheinberger, Paul M Ridker, John D Rioux, Manuel A Rivas, David J Roberts, Neil R Robertson, Antonietta Robino, Olov Rolandsson, Igor Rudan, Katherine S Ruth, Danish Saleheen, Veikko Salomaa, Nilesh J Samani, Yadav Sapkota, Naveed Sattar, Robert E Schoen, Pamela J Schreiner, Matthias B Schulze, Robert A Scott, Marcelo P Segura-Lepe, Svati H Shah, Wayne H-H Sheu, Xueling Sim, Andrew J Slater, Kerrin S Small, Albert V Smith, Lorraine Southam, Timothy D Spector, Elizabeth K Speliotes, John M Starr, Kari Stefansson, Valgerdur Steinthorsdottir, Kathleen E Stirrups, Konstantin Strauch, Heather M Stringham, Michael Stumvoll, Liang Sun, Praveen Surendran, Amy J Swift, Hayato Tada, Katherine E Tansey, Jean-Claude Tardif, Kent D Taylor, Alexander Teumer, Deborah J Thompson, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Betina H Thuesen, Anke Tönjes, Gerard Tromp, Stella Trompet, Emmanouil Tsafantakis, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Anne Tybjaerg-Hansen, Jonathan P Tyrer, Rudolf Uher, André G Uitterlinden, Matti Uusitupa, Sander W Laan, Cornelia M Duijn, Nienke Leeuwen, Jessica van Setten, Mauno Vanhala, Anette Varbo, Tibor V Varga, Rohit Varma, Digna R Velez Edwards, Sita H Vermeulen, Giovanni Veronesi, Henrik Vestergaard, Veronique Vitart, Thomas F Vogt, Uwe Völker, Dragana Vuckovic, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Mark Walker, Lars Wallentin, Feijie Wang, Carol A Wang, Shuai Wang, Yiqin Wang, Erin B Ware, Nicholas J Wareham, Helen R Warren, Dawn M Waterworth, Jennifer Wessel, Harvey D White, Cristen J Willer, James G Wilson, Daniel R Witte, Andrew R Wood, Ying Wu, Hanieh Yaghootkar, Jie Yao, Pang Yao, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, Robin Young, Eleftheria Zeggini, Xiaowei Zhan, Weihua Zhang, Jing Hua Zhao, Wei Zhao, Wei Zhao, Wei Zhou, Krina T Zondervan, Jerome I Rotter, John A Pospisilik, Fernando Rivadeneira, Ingrid B Borecki, Panos Deloukas, Timothy M Frayling, Guillaume Lettre, Kari E North, Cecilia M Lindgren, Joel N Hirschhorn, Ruth J F Loos
In the version of this article originally published, one of the two authors with the name Wei Zhao was omitted from the author list and the affiliations for both authors were assigned to the single Wei Zhao in the author list. In addition, the ORCID for Wei Zhao (Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA) was incorrectly assigned to author Wei Zhou. The errors have been corrected in the HTML and PDF versions of the article.
May 2018: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549329/publisher-correction-protein-altering-variants-associated-with-body-mass-index-implicate-pathways-that-control-energy-intake-and-expenditure-in-obesity
#10
Valérie Turcot, Yingchang Lu, Heather M Highland, Claudia Schurmann, Anne E Justice, Rebecca S Fine, Jonathan P Bradfield, Tõnu Esko, Ayush Giri, Mariaelisa Graff, Xiuqing Guo, Audrey E Hendricks, Tugce Karaderi, Adelheid Lempradl, Adam E Locke, Anubha Mahajan, Eirini Marouli, Suthesh Sivapalaratnam, Kristin L Young, Tamuno Alfred, Mary F Feitosa, Nicholas G D Masca, Alisa K Manning, Carolina Medina-Gomez, Poorva Mudgal, Maggie C Y Ng, Alex P Reiner, Sailaja Vedantam, Sara M Willems, Thomas W Winkler, Gonçalo Abecasis, Katja K Aben, Dewan S Alam, Sameer E Alharthi, Matthew Allison, Philippe Amouyel, Folkert W Asselbergs, Paul L Auer, Beverley Balkau, Lia E Bang, Inês Barroso, Lisa Bastarache, Marianne Benn, Sven Bergmann, Lawrence F Bielak, Matthias Blüher, Michael Boehnke, Heiner Boeing, Eric Boerwinkle, Carsten A Böger, Jette Bork-Jensen, Michiel L Bots, Erwin P Bottinger, Donald W Bowden, Ivan Brandslund, Gerome Breen, Murray H Brilliant, Linda Broer, Marco Brumat, Amber A Burt, Adam S Butterworth, Peter T Campbell, Stefania Cappellani, David J Carey, Eulalia Catamo, Mark J Caulfield, John C Chambers, Daniel I Chasman, Yii-Der I Chen, Rajiv Chowdhury, Cramer Christensen, Audrey Y Chu, Massimiliano Cocca, Francis S Collins, James P Cook, Janie Corley, Jordi Corominas Galbany, Amanda J Cox, David S Crosslin, Gabriel Cuellar-Partida, Angela D'Eustacchio, John Danesh, Gail Davies, Paul I W Bakker, Mark C H Groot, Renée Mutsert, Ian J Deary, George Dedoussis, Ellen W Demerath, Martin Heijer, Anneke I Hollander, Hester M Ruijter, Joe G Dennis, Josh C Denny, Emanuele Angelantonio, Fotios Drenos, Mengmeng Du, Marie-Pierre Dubé, Alison M Dunning, Douglas F Easton, Todd L Edwards, David Ellinghaus, Patrick T Ellinor, Paul Elliott, Evangelos Evangelou, Aliki-Eleni Farmaki, I Sadaf Farooqi, Jessica D Faul, Sascha Fauser, Shuang Feng, Ele Ferrannini, Jean Ferrieres, Jose C Florez, Ian Ford, Myriam Fornage, Oscar H Franco, Andre Franke, Paul W Franks, Nele Friedrich, Ruth Frikke-Schmidt, Tessel E Galesloot, Wei Gan, Ilaria Gandin, Paolo Gasparini, Jane Gibson, Vilmantas Giedraitis, Anette P Gjesing, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Mathias Gorski, Hans-Jörgen Grabe, Struan F A Grant, Niels Grarup, Helen L Griffiths, Megan L Grove, Vilmundur Gudnason, Stefan Gustafsson, Jeff Haessler, Hakon Hakonarson, Anke R Hammerschlag, Torben Hansen, Kathleen Mullan Harris, Tamara B Harris, Andrew T Hattersley, Christian T Have, Caroline Hayward, Liang He, Nancy L Heard-Costa, Andrew C Heath, Iris M Heid, Øyvind Helgeland, Jussi Hernesniemi, Alex W Hewitt, Oddgeir L Holmen, G Kees Hovingh, Joanna M M Howson, Yao Hu, Paul L Huang, Jennifer E Huffman, M Arfan Ikram, Erik Ingelsson, Anne U Jackson, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Gail P Jarvik, Gorm B Jensen, Yucheng Jia, Stefan Johansson, Marit E Jørgensen, Torben Jørgensen, J Wouter Jukema, Bratati Kahali, René S Kahn, Mika Kähönen, Pia R Kamstrup, Stavroula Kanoni, Jaakko Kaprio, Maria Karaleftheri, Sharon L R Kardia, Fredrik Karpe, Sekar Kathiresan, Frank Kee, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Eric Kim, Hidetoshi Kitajima, Pirjo Komulainen, Jaspal S Kooner, Charles Kooperberg, Tellervo Korhonen, Peter Kovacs, Helena Kuivaniemi, Zoltán Kutalik, Kari Kuulasmaa, Johanna Kuusisto, Markku Laakso, Timo A Lakka, David Lamparter, Ethan M Lange, Leslie A Lange, Claudia Langenberg, Eric B Larson, Nanette R Lee, Terho Lehtimäki, Cora E Lewis, Huaixing Li, Jin Li, Ruifang Li-Gao, Honghuang Lin, Keng-Hung Lin, Li-An Lin, Xu Lin, Lars Lind, Jaana Lindström, Allan Linneberg, Ching-Ti Liu, Dajiang J Liu, Yongmei Liu, Ken S Lo, Artitaya Lophatananon, Andrew J Lotery, Anu Loukola, Jian'an Luan, Steven A Lubitz, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Satu Männistö, Gaëlle Marenne, Angela L Mazul, Mark I McCarthy, Roberta McKean-Cowdin, Sarah E Medland, Karina Meidtner, Lili Milani, Vanisha Mistry, Paul Mitchell, Karen L Mohlke, Leena Moilanen, Marie Moitry, Grant W Montgomery, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Carmel Moore, Trevor A Mori, Andrew D Morris, Andrew P Morris, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Patricia B Munroe, Mike A Nalls, Narisu Narisu, Christopher P Nelson, Matt Neville, Sune F Nielsen, Kjell Nikus, Pål R Njølstad, Børge G Nordestgaard, Dale R Nyholt, Jeffrey R O'Connel, Michelle L O'Donoghue, Loes M Olde Loohuis, Roel A Ophoff, Katharine R Owen, Chris J Packard, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Colin N A Palmer, Nicholette D Palmer, Gerard Pasterkamp, Aniruddh P Patel, Alison Pattie, Oluf Pedersen, Peggy L Peissig, Gina M Peloso, Craig E Pennell, Markus Perola, James A Perry, John R B Perry, Tune H Pers, Thomas N Person, Annette Peters, Eva R B Petersen, Patricia A Peyser, Ailith Pirie, Ozren Polasek, Tinca J Polderman, Hannu Puolijoki, Olli T Raitakari, Asif Rasheed, Rainer Rauramaa, Dermot F Reilly, Frida Renström, Myriam Rheinberger, Paul M Ridker, John D Rioux, Manuel A Rivas, David J Roberts, Neil R Robertson, Antonietta Robino, Olov Rolandsson, Igor Rudan, Katherine S Ruth, Danish Saleheen, Veikko Salomaa, Nilesh J Samani, Yadav Sapkota, Naveed Sattar, Robert E Schoen, Pamela J Schreiner, Matthias B Schulze, Robert A Scott, Marcelo P Segura-Lepe, Svati H Shah, Wayne H-H Sheu, Xueling Sim, Andrew J Slater, Kerrin S Small, Albert V Smith, Lorraine Southam, Timothy D Spector, Elizabeth K Speliotes, John M Starr, Kari Stefansson, Valgerdur Steinthorsdottir, Kathleen E Stirrups, Konstantin Strauch, Heather M Stringham, Michael Stumvoll, Liang Sun, Praveen Surendran, Amy J Swift, Hayato Tada, Katherine E Tansey, Jean-Claude Tardif, Kent D Taylor, Alexander Teumer, Deborah J Thompson, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Betina H Thuesen, Anke Tönjes, Gerard Tromp, Stella Trompet, Emmanouil Tsafantakis, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Anne Tybjaerg-Hansen, Jonathan P Tyrer, Rudolf Uher, André G Uitterlinden, Matti Uusitupa, Sander W Laan, Cornelia M Duijn, Nienke Leeuwen, Jessica van Setten, Mauno Vanhala, Anette Varbo, Tibor V Varga, Rohit Varma, Digna R Velez Edwards, Sita H Vermeulen, Giovanni Veronesi, Henrik Vestergaard, Veronique Vitart, Thomas F Vogt, Uwe Völker, Dragana Vuckovic, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Mark Walker, Lars Wallentin, Feijie Wang, Carol A Wang, Shuai Wang, Yiqin Wang, Erin B Ware, Nicholas J Wareham, Helen R Warren, Dawn M Waterworth, Jennifer Wessel, Harvey D White, Cristen J Willer, James G Wilson, Daniel R Witte, Andrew R Wood, Ying Wu, Hanieh Yaghootkar, Jie Yao, Pang Yao, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, Robin Young, Eleftheria Zeggini, Xiaowei Zhan, Weihua Zhang, Jing Hua Zhao, Wei Zhao, Wei Zhou, Krina T Zondervan, Jerome I Rotter, John A Pospisilik, Fernando Rivadeneira, Ingrid B Borecki, Panos Deloukas, Timothy M Frayling, Guillaume Lettre, Kari E North, Cecilia M Lindgren, Joel N Hirschhorn, Ruth J F Loos
In the published version of this paper, the name of author Emanuele Di Angelantonio was misspelled. This error has now been corrected in the HTML and PDF versions of the article.
May 2018: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499127/submucosal-tunnel-endoscopic-resection-for-extraluminal-tumors-a-novel-endoscopic-method-for-en-bloc-resection-of-predominant-extraluminal-growing-subepithelial-tumors-or-extra-gastrointestinal-tumors-with-videos
#11
Ming-Yan Cai, Bo-Qun Zhu, Mei-Dong Xu, Wen-Zheng Qin, Yi-Qun Zhang, Wei-Feng Chen, Marie Ooi, Quan-Lin Li, Li-Qing Yao, Ping-Hong Zhou
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The management of subepithelial tumors with a predominant extraluminal growth pattern or extra-GI tumors can be challenging and traditionally requires a surgical resection that is not only invasive but may carry a significant risk of morbidity and mortality. We aimed to assess the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of a novel endoscopic technique termed submucosal tunnel endoscopic resection for extraluminal tumors (STER-ET). METHODS: We prospectively enrolled patients who underwent STER-ET for GI subepithelial tumors with a predominant extraluminal growth pattern or extra-GI tumors located at the level of cardia or the proximal part of the lesser curvature of the stomach seen on cross-sectional imaging between January 2016 and March 2017...
February 27, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497089/author-correction-immune-checkpoint-protein-vista-critically-regulates-the-il-23-il-17-inflammatory-axis
#12
Na Li, Wenwen Xu, Ying Yuan, Natarajan Ayithan, Yasutomo Imai, Xuesong Wu, Halli Miller, Michael Olson, Yunfeng Feng, Yina H Huang, Mary Jo Turk, Samuel T Hwang, Subramaniam Malarkannan, Li Wang
A correction has been published and is linked to the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has not been fixed in the paper.
March 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485074/comparison-of-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-and-radiofrequency-ablation-in-the-treatment-of-intrahepatic-metastases
#13
William C Jackson, Yebin Tao, Mishal Mendiratta-Lala, Latifa Bazzi, Dan R Wahl, Matthew J Schipper, Mary Feng, Kyle C Cuneo, Theodore S Lawrence, Dawn Owen
PURPOSE: Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) are widely used therapies for the treatment of intrahepatic metastases; however, direct comparisons are lacking. We sought to compare outcomes for these 2 modalities. METHODS AND MATERIALS: From 2000 to 2015, 161 patients with 282 pathologically diagnosed unresectable liver metastases were treated with RFA (n = 112) or SBRT (n = 170) at a single institution. The primary outcome was freedom from local progression (FFLP)...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485047/american-association-of-physicists-in-medicine-task-group-263-standardizing-nomenclatures-in-radiation-oncology
#14
REVIEW
Charles S Mayo, Jean M Moran, Walter Bosch, Ying Xiao, Todd McNutt, Richard Popple, Jeff Michalski, Mary Feng, Lawrence B Marks, Clifton D Fuller, Ellen Yorke, Jatinder Palta, Peter E Gabriel, Andrea Molineu, Martha M Matuszak, Elizabeth Covington, Kathryn Masi, Susan L Richardson, Timothy Ritter, Tomasz Morgas, Stella Flampouri, Lakshmi Santanam, Joseph A Moore, Thomas G Purdie, Robert C Miller, Coen Hurkmans, Judy Adams, Qing-Rong Jackie Wu, Colleen J Fox, Ramon Alfredo Siochi, Norman L Brown, Wilko Verbakel, Yves Archambault, Steven J Chmura, Andre L Dekker, Don G Eagle, Thomas J Fitzgerald, Theodore Hong, Rishabh Kapoor, Beth Lansing, Shruti Jolly, Mary E Napolitano, James Percy, Mark S Rose, Salim Siddiqui, Christof Schadt, William E Simon, William L Straube, Sara T St James, Kenneth Ulin, Sue S Yom, Torunn I Yock
A substantial barrier to the single- and multi-institutional aggregation of data to supporting clinical trials, practice quality improvement efforts, and development of big data analytics resource systems is the lack of standardized nomenclatures for expressing dosimetric data. To address this issue, the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) Task Group 263 was charged with providing nomenclature guidelines and values in radiation oncology for use in clinical trials, data-pooling initiatives, population-based studies, and routine clinical care by standardizing: (1) structure names across image processing and treatment planning system platforms; (2) nomenclature for dosimetric data (eg, dose-volume histogram [DVH]-based metrics); (3) templates for clinical trial groups and users of an initial subset of software platforms to facilitate adoption of the standards; (4) formalism for nomenclature schema, which can accommodate the addition of other structures defined in the future...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478736/clinical-and-genomic-characterization-of-low-prostate-specific-antigen-high-grade-prostate-cancer
#15
Brandon A Mahal, David D Yang, Natalie Q Wang, Mohammed Alshalalfa, Elai Davicioni, Voleak Choeurng, Edward M Schaeffer, Ashley E Ross, Daniel E Spratt, Robert B Den, Neil E Martin, Kent W Mouw, Peter F Orio, Toni K Choueiri, Mary-Ellen Taplin, Quoc-Dien Trinh, Felix Y Feng, Paul L Nguyen
BACKGROUND: The consequences of low prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in high-grade (Gleason 8-10) prostate cancer are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical implications and genomic features of low-PSA, high-grade disease. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This was a retrospective study of clinical data for 494 793 patients from the National Cancer Data Base and 136 113 patients from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program with cT1-4N0M0 prostate cancer (median follow-up 48...
February 22, 2018: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472105/identification-of-patients-at-high-risk-for-post-discharge-venous-thromboembolism-after-hepato-pancreato-biliary-surgery-which-patients-benefit-from-extended-thromboprophylaxis
#16
Eliza W Beal, Dmitry Tumin, Jeffery Chakedis, Erica Porter, Dimitrios Moris, Xu-Feng Zhang, Sherif Abdel-Misih, Mary Dillhoff, Andrei Manilchuk, Jordan Cloyd, Carl R Schmidt, Timothy M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: The objective of the current study was to define risk factors associated with the 30-day post-operative risk of VTE after HPB surgery and create a model to identify patients at highest risk of post-discharge VTE. METHODS: Patients who underwent hepatectomy or pancreatectomy in the ACS-NSQIP Participant Use Files 2011-2015 were identified. Logistic regression modeling was used; a model to predict post-discharge VTE was developed. Model discrimination was tested using area under the curve (AUC)...
February 19, 2018: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407398/survival-of-foodborne-pathogens-on-commercially-packed-table-grapes-under-simulated-refrigerated-transit-conditions
#17
Michelle Qiu Carter, Doris Feng, Mary H Chapman, Franka Gabler
We examined the survival of Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Salmonella enterica Thompson inoculated on commercially packed table grapes under simulated refrigerated transit conditions (1.1 ± 0.5 °C; 90% RH). Grapes were placed in perforated polyethylene cluster bags, within a commercial expanded polystyrene box equipped with either a SO2 -generating pad; a perforated polyethylene box liner; a SO2 -generating pad and a box liner; or none of them. L. monocytogenes was most sensitive to SO2 -generating pad...
June 2018: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362479/molecular-mechanisms-of-cell-death-recommendations-of-the-nomenclature-committee-on-cell-death-2018
#18
REVIEW
Lorenzo Galluzzi, Ilio Vitale, Stuart A Aaronson, John M Abrams, Dieter Adam, Patrizia Agostinis, Emad S Alnemri, Lucia Altucci, Ivano Amelio, David W Andrews, Margherita Annicchiarico-Petruzzelli, Alexey V Antonov, Eli Arama, Eric H Baehrecke, Nickolai A Barlev, Nicolas G Bazan, Francesca Bernassola, Mathieu J M Bertrand, Katiuscia Bianchi, Mikhail V Blagosklonny, Klas Blomgren, Christoph Borner, Patricia Boya, Catherine Brenner, Michelangelo Campanella, Eleonora Candi, Didac Carmona-Gutierrez, Francesco Cecconi, Francis K-M Chan, Navdeep S Chandel, Emily H Cheng, Jerry E Chipuk, John A Cidlowski, Aaron Ciechanover, Gerald M Cohen, Marcus Conrad, Juan R Cubillos-Ruiz, Peter E Czabotar, Vincenzo D'Angiolella, Ted M Dawson, Valina L Dawson, Vincenzo De Laurenzi, Ruggero De Maria, Klaus-Michael Debatin, Ralph J DeBerardinis, Mohanish Deshmukh, Nicola Di Daniele, Francesco Di Virgilio, Vishva M Dixit, Scott J Dixon, Colin S Duckett, Brian D Dynlacht, Wafik S El-Deiry, John W Elrod, Gian Maria Fimia, Simone Fulda, Ana J García-Sáez, Abhishek D Garg, Carmen Garrido, Evripidis Gavathiotis, Pierre Golstein, Eyal Gottlieb, Douglas R Green, Lloyd A Greene, Hinrich Gronemeyer, Atan Gross, Gyorgy Hajnoczky, J Marie Hardwick, Isaac S Harris, Michael O Hengartner, Claudio Hetz, Hidenori Ichijo, Marja Jäättelä, Bertrand Joseph, Philipp J Jost, Philippe P Juin, William J Kaiser, Michael Karin, Thomas Kaufmann, Oliver Kepp, Adi Kimchi, Richard N Kitsis, Daniel J Klionsky, Richard A Knight, Sharad Kumar, Sam W Lee, John J Lemasters, Beth Levine, Andreas Linkermann, Stuart A Lipton, Richard A Lockshin, Carlos López-Otín, Scott W Lowe, Tom Luedde, Enrico Lugli, Marion MacFarlane, Frank Madeo, Michal Malewicz, Walter Malorni, Gwenola Manic, Jean-Christophe Marine, Seamus J Martin, Jean-Claude Martinou, Jan Paul Medema, Patrick Mehlen, Pascal Meier, Sonia Melino, Edward A Miao, Jeffery D Molkentin, Ute M Moll, Cristina Muñoz-Pinedo, Shigekazu Nagata, Gabriel Nuñez, Andrew Oberst, Moshe Oren, Michael Overholtzer, Michele Pagano, Theocharis Panaretakis, Manolis Pasparakis, Josef M Penninger, David M Pereira, Shazib Pervaiz, Marcus E Peter, Mauro Piacentini, Paolo Pinton, Jochen H M Prehn, Hamsa Puthalakath, Gabriel A Rabinovich, Markus Rehm, Rosario Rizzuto, Cecilia M P Rodrigues, David C Rubinsztein, Thomas Rudel, Kevin M Ryan, Emre Sayan, Luca Scorrano, Feng Shao, Yufang Shi, John Silke, Hans-Uwe Simon, Antonella Sistigu, Brent R Stockwell, Andreas Strasser, Gyorgy Szabadkai, Stephen W G Tait, Daolin Tang, Nektarios Tavernarakis, Andrew Thorburn, Yoshihide Tsujimoto, Boris Turk, Tom Vanden Berghe, Peter Vandenabeele, Matthew G Vander Heiden, Andreas Villunger, Herbert W Virgin, Karen H Vousden, Domagoj Vucic, Erwin F Wagner, Henning Walczak, David Wallach, Ying Wang, James A Wells, Will Wood, Junying Yuan, Zahra Zakeri, Boris Zhivotovsky, Laurence Zitvogel, Gerry Melino, Guido Kroemer
Over the past decade, the Nomenclature Committee on Cell Death (NCCD) has formulated guidelines for the definition and interpretation of cell death from morphological, biochemical, and functional perspectives. Since the field continues to expand and novel mechanisms that orchestrate multiple cell death pathways are unveiled, we propose an updated classification of cell death subroutines focusing on mechanistic and essential (as opposed to correlative and dispensable) aspects of the process. As we provide molecularly oriented definitions of terms including intrinsic apoptosis, extrinsic apoptosis, mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT)-driven necrosis, necroptosis, ferroptosis, pyroptosis, parthanatos, entotic cell death, NETotic cell death, lysosome-dependent cell death, autophagy-dependent cell death, immunogenic cell death, cellular senescence, and mitotic catastrophe, we discuss the utility of neologisms that refer to highly specialized instances of these processes...
March 2018: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361920/detecting-functional-change-in-response-to-exercise-in-knee-osteoarthritis-a-comparison-of-two-computerized-adaptive-tests
#19
Feng-Hang Chang, Alan M Jette, Mary D Slavin, Kristin Baker, Pengsheng Ni, Julie J Keysor
BACKGROUND: The intent of this study was to examine and compare the ability to detect change of two patient reported outcome (PRO) instruments that use a computerized adaptive test (CAT) approach to measurement. The Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS®) Physical Function scale is a generic PRO, while the Osteoarthritis Computerized Adaptive Test (OA-CAT) is an osteoarthritis-specific PRO. METHODS: This descriptive, longitudinal study was conducted in a community setting, involving individuals from the greater Boston area...
January 23, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358651/genomes-of-13-domesticated-and-wild-rice-relatives-highlight-genetic-conservation-turnover-and-innovation-across-the-genus-oryza
#20
Joshua C Stein, Yeisoo Yu, Dario Copetti, Derrick J Zwickl, Li Zhang, Chengjun Zhang, Kapeel Chougule, Dongying Gao, Aiko Iwata, Jose Luis Goicoechea, Sharon Wei, Jun Wang, Yi Liao, Muhua Wang, Julie Jacquemin, Claude Becker, Dave Kudrna, Jianwei Zhang, Carlos E M Londono, Xiang Song, Seunghee Lee, Paul Sanchez, Andrea Zuccolo, Jetty S S Ammiraju, Jayson Talag, Ann Danowitz, Luis F Rivera, Andrea R Gschwend, Christos Noutsos, Cheng-Chieh Wu, Shu-Min Kao, Jhih-Wun Zeng, Fu-Jin Wei, Qiang Zhao, Qi Feng, Moaine El Baidouri, Marie-Christine Carpentier, Eric Lasserre, Richard Cooke, Daniel da Rosa Farias, Luciano Carlos da Maia, Railson S Dos Santos, Kevin G Nyberg, Kenneth L McNally, Ramil Mauleon, Nickolai Alexandrov, Jeremy Schmutz, Dave Flowers, Chuanzhu Fan, Detlef Weigel, Kshirod K Jena, Thomas Wicker, Mingsheng Chen, Bin Han, Robert Henry, Yue-Ie C Hsing, Nori Kurata, Antonio Costa de Oliveira, Olivier Panaud, Scott A Jackson, Carlos A Machado, Michael J Sanderson, Manyuan Long, Doreen Ware, Rod A Wing
The genus Oryza is a model system for the study of molecular evolution over time scales ranging from a few thousand to 15 million years. Using 13 reference genomes spanning the Oryza species tree, we show that despite few large-scale chromosomal rearrangements rapid species diversification is mirrored by lineage-specific emergence and turnover of many novel elements, including transposons, and potential new coding and noncoding genes. Our study resolves controversial areas of the Oryza phylogeny, showing a complex history of introgression among different chromosomes in the young 'AA' subclade containing the two domesticated species...
February 2018: Nature Genetics
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