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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548884/patient-centered-perspectives-and-understanding-of-peri-implantitis
#1
Angel Insua, Alberto Monje, Hom-Lay Wang, Marita Inglehart
BACKGROUND: Daily-basis patients have uncertain understanding about dental implant therapy and its complications. Therefore, an assessment of the level of knowledge, awareness and attitudes on peri-implantitis, evaluation of information provided by the dentist/specialist that performed the treatment and assessment of perceptions, level of satisfaction and impact in the quality of life of the patients were carried out. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with implant therapy and currently undergoing peri-implant implant maintenance therapy were recruited...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548608/a-descriptive-review-of-additional-risk-minimisation-measures-applied-to-eu-centrally-authorised-medicines-2006-2015
#2
Annalisa Rubino, Esther Artime
BACKGROUND: Guidance on therapeutic risk management, first released in EU in 2005, was updated in 2012-2013 with increased requirements on additional risk minimisation measures (aRMM). This study describes aRMM imposed at initial EU central marketing authorisation of medicines in 2006-2015. METHODS: Non-generic medicines authorised between 01/01/2006 and 31/12/2015 were identified in the European Public Assessment Report (EPAR) database. Data on aRMM, including effectiveness measures were extracted, tabulated and analysed with Excel 2016 for chi-square p value estimates and linear regression modelling as appropriate...
May 26, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545846/is-diabetes-self-management-education-still-the-cinderella-of-diabetes-care
#3
Lorna Hurley, Máire O'Donnell, Mary Clare O'Hara, Marian E Carey, Ingrid Willaing, Heather Daly, Seán F Dinneen
This paper reflects on the status of diabetes self-management education (DSME) as a branch of diabetology in Europe and discusses some opportunities for better supporting DSME delivery. DSME (also commonly known as Therapeutic Patient Education) has been evolving as a therapy for diabetes for decades. As a continent, Europe is fortunate to have nurtured many pioneers in DSME, and currently has many experts in the field progressing the knowledge base and striving to improve access to DSME for people with diabetes...
May 17, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542981/dental-providers-and-pharmacists-a-call-for-enhanced-interprofessional-collaboration
#4
Henning Lygre, Reidun Lisbet Skeide Kjome, Hailey Choi, Autumn L Stewart
Reports concerning medication discrepancies in dental records indicate that the concept of interprofessional collaboration between the dental team and pharmacists should be considered at all educational levels in dentistry and pharmacy. Inclusion of oral health as a therapeutic area in didactic pharmacy curricula is needed. Early exposure of dental students and student pharmacists to collaborative practices through interprofessional educational experiences may create a higher degree of awareness of the role of each profession and the potential to improve patient outcomes...
May 21, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540156/quality-of-life-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-patients-and-its-associated-factors
#5
Hoo Jeung Cho, Euna Park
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the factors affecting the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). METHODS: This study is based on a descriptive survey and involved 125 gastroenterology outpatients visiting a university hospital in South Korea as the participants. HRQOL was assessed using the Liver Disease Quality of Life 1.0, which consisted of Short Form-36 (SF-36) and the Liver Disease Targeted Scale. Data were collected from December 2015 to April 2016, which were then analyzed through multiple regression analysis...
April 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538628/the-east-s-injury-control-and-violence-prevention-committee-s-annual-distracted-driving-outreach-event-evaluating-attitude-and-behavior-change-in-high-school-students
#6
Lisa Allee, Tracey Dechert, Sowmya R Rao, Marie Crandall, Ashley Christmas, Alexander Eastman, Thomas Duncan, Shannon Foster
BACKGROUND: The National Center for Statistics and Analysis report at least 8 deaths and 1,160 daily injuries due to distracted driving (DD) in the U.S. Drivers under age 20 are most likely to incur a distraction related fatal crash. We aimed to determine short and long term impact of a multi-modal educational program including student developed interventions, simulated driving experiences, and presentations by law enforcement and medical personnel. METHODS: A single day program aimed at teen DD prevention was conducted at a high school targeting students age 15 to 19 years old...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535842/general-practitioners-clinical-expertise-in-managing-suicidal-young-people-implications-for-continued-education
#7
Maria Michail, Lynda Tait, Dick Churchill
Aim To examine general practitioners' (GPs) clinical expertise in assessing, communicating with, and managing suicidal young people aged 14-25 to inform the development of an educational intervention for GPs on youth suicide prevention. BACKGROUND: Suicide is the second leading cause of death for young people worldwide. GPs are ideally suited to facilitate early identification and assessment of suicide risk. However, GPs' levels of competence, knowledge, and attitudes towards suicidal young people have not yet been explored...
May 24, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534476/effect-of-short-message-service-on-management-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-patients-in-anhui-province-china-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#8
Xue-Hui Fang, Shi-Yang Guan, Li Tang, Fang-Biao Tao, Zheng Zou, Ji-Xiang Wang, Xiao-Hong Kan, Quan-Zhi Wang, Zhi-Ping Zhang, Hong Cao, Dong-Chun Ma, Hai-Feng Pan
BACKGROUND To explore the significance of short message service (SMS) on the management of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) patients in reinforcing the treatment adherence and health awareness, and provide scientific evidences for popularizing this model and formulating related polices and measures. MATERIAL AND METHODS Six counties (districts) were selected by stratified cluster sampling method, and randomly divided into control group and intervention group. Pulmonary TB patients eligible to the study criteria were included in the study...
May 23, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533507/kif4a-mediate-the-accumulation-and-reeducation-of-thp-1-derived-macrophages-via-regulation-of-ccl2-ccr2-expression-in-crosstalking-with-oscc
#9
Yun Zhang, Shaohua Liu, Daiwei Qu, Ketao Wang, Lin Zhang, Xuanxuan Jing, Chen Li, Fengcai Wei, Xun Qu
Crosstalk between tumor infiltrating macrophages and tumor cells is thought to play an indispensable role in oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) by induction and maintenance of tolerance microenvironment. High infiltration of M2 macrophages and increasing expression of Kinesin family member 4A (Kif4A) in primary OSCC have been proved to correlate with greater tumoral size and poor clinical outcome. However, linkage between Kif4A and infiltrating macrophages in tumorigenesis and progression remains unclear...
May 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532723/self-reported-frequency-of-nurse-provided-spiritual-care
#10
Elizabeth Johnston Taylor, Iris Mamier, Patricia Ricci-Allegra, Joanne Foith
AIM: To describe how frequently RNs provide 17 spiritual care therapeutics (or interventions) during a 72-80h timeframe. BACKGROUND: Plagued by conceptual muddiness as well as weak methods, research quantifying the frequency of spiritual care is not only methodologically limited, but also sparse. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data from four studies that used the Nurse Spiritual Care Therapeutics Scale (NSCTS). Data from US American RNs who responded to online surveys about spiritual care were analyzed...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530334/-from-theory-to-practice-implementing-the-bio-psycho-social-model-in-clinical-and-research-activities-in-the-beer-sheva-mental-health-center
#11
Hagit Cohen, Doron Todder
The Beer Sheva Mental Health Center is the second largest mental health hospital in Israel and provides acute and chronic in-patient services for the entire population of the Southern District of Israel, from Ashdod to Eilat (about 1.2 million people) from adolescence to the elderly. The outpatient services include a variety of regional specialty services such as bipolar, eating disorders, anxiety, neuromodulation, gender-oriented, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, sleep, dual diagnosis, geronto-psychiatry and post-traumatic stress disorder clinics and various rehabilitation day-care services...
December 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530171/the-implications-of-psychological-symptoms-for-length-of-sick-leave
#12
Antonius Schneider, Sven Hilbert, Johannes Hamann, Svenja Skadsem, Jürgen Glaser, Bernd Löwe, Markus Bühner
BACKGROUND: In this cross-sectional study, we aimed to determine the relation between sick leave duration, burnout symptoms, depression, anxiety, and somatization in a primary care setting. METHODS: Patients receiving a sickness certificate in one of 14 participating primary care practices were consecutively asked by their primary care physician to fill in a questionnaire comprising the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS) and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ) containing the depression (PHQ-9), somatization (PHQ-15), and anxiety (GAD-7) scales...
April 28, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528753/healthcare-access-and-quality-index-based-on-mortality-from-causes-amenable-to-personal-health-care-in-195-countries-and-territories-1990-2015-a-novel-analysis-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#13
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: National levels of personal health-care access and quality can be approximated by measuring mortality rates from causes that should not be fatal in the presence of effective medical care (ie, amenable mortality). Previous analyses of mortality amenable to health care only focused on high-income countries and faced several methodological challenges. In the present analysis, we use the highly standardised cause of death and risk factor estimates generated through the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) to improve and expand the quantification of personal health-care access and quality for 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2015...
May 18, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525464/the-cardiac-rehabilitation-model-improves-fitness-quality-of-life-and-depression-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#14
Lianne B Dolan, Danielle Barry, Teresa Petrella, Lindsay Davey, Ann Minnes, Allison Yantzi, Susan Marzolini, Paul Oh
PURPOSE: Exercise is a demonstrated, therapeutic strategy for cancer survivors to minimize many treatment-induced side effects and may decrease risk of recurrence. Nonetheless, structured programs that combine exercise and education are not yet standardized within cancer care. The Health, Exercise, Active Living, Therapeutic lifestyle (HEALTh) program is a clinical exercise program based on the established cardiac rehabilitation model, but customized for female breast cancer survivors...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524700/what-is-important-in-transdisciplinary-pain-neuroscience-education-a-qualitative-study
#15
Amarins J Wijma, Caroline M Speksnijder, Astrid F Crom-Ottens, J M Corine Knulst-Verlaan, Doeke Keizer, Jo Nijs, C Paul van Wilgen
PURPOSE: The main focus of Pain Neuroscience Education is around changing patients' pain perceptions and minimizing further medical care. Even though Pain Neuroscience Education has been studied extensively, the experiences of patients regarding the Pain Neuroscience Education process remain to be explored. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the experiences in patients with non-specific chronic pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients with non-specific chronic pain from a transdisciplinary treatment centre were in-depth interviewed...
May 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524414/complementary-medicine-use-among-general-internal-medicine-inpatients-in-a-swiss-university-hospital
#16
Isabelle Ducrest, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Mohamed Faouzi, Bernard Burnand, Gérard Waeber, Pierre-Yves Rodondi
BACKGROUND: Complementary Medicine (CM) is frequently used by the general population, but data about prevalence among hospitalised patients are scarce. We evaluated the prevalence and determinants of CM use by inpatients, lifetime, 2 months before and during their hospitalisation in a general internal medicine ward. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey conducted in September 2014 among adult (≥18 years) patients hospitalised for at least 1 day in the general internal medicine ward of the Lausanne University Hospital, Switzerland...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522282/quality-indicators-for-the-use-of-systemic-antibiotics-in-dentistry
#17
Rugzan Jameel Hussein, Robert Krohn, Petra Kaufmann-Kolle, Gerald Willms
BACKGROUND: Risks resulted from using systemic antibiotics such as increasing rates of bacterial resistance, allergy and side effects should be always weighed individually for each patient against any potential benefits. Routine antibiotic prescribing must be therefore discouraged. The Federal Joint Committee ("Gemeinsamer Bundesauschuss", G-BA) commissioned the AQUA-Institute with the development of an external quality assurance procedure, examining systemic antibiotic use in periodontal, conservative and surgical treatments in ambulatory dental health care...
May 15, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522039/injectable-and-topical-neurotoxins-in-dermatology-indications-adverse-events-and-controversies
#18
REVIEW
Cerrene N Giordano, Seth L Matarasso, David M Ozog
The use of neuromodulators for therapeutic and cosmetic indications has proven to be remarkably safe. While aesthetic and functional adverse events are uncommon, each anatomic region has its own set of risks of which the physician and patient must be aware before treatment. The therapeutic usages of botulinum toxins now include multiple specialties and multiple indications. New aesthetic indications have also developed, and there has been an increased utilization of combination therapies to combat the effects of global aging...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522038/injectable-and-topical-neurotoxins-in-dermatology-basic-science-anatomy-and-therapeutic-agents
#19
REVIEW
Cerrene N Giordano, Seth L Matarasso, David M Ozog
Botulinum toxin is a potentially deadly anaerobic bacterial toxin that acts by inhibiting release of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction, thereby inhibiting contraction of the exposed striated muscle. There are currently 4 botulinum toxin preparations approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA): onabotulinumtoxin, abobotulinumtoxin, incobotulinumtoxin and rimabotulinumtoxin. While significant overlap exists, each product has unique properties and specifications, including dosing, diffusion, and storage...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516187/-the-aged-scalp-a-dermato-oncological-focus-point
#20
REVIEW
N Wroblewski, K Wylon, C Ulrich
Non-melanoma skin cancer and its precursor lesions are common diagnoses in dermatological practice, due to rising incidence and prevalence. Diagnosis is often clinical with subsequent histological confirmation. First-choice treatment for invasive carcinomas is complete surgical excision. Other therapeutic options, such as radiation or systemic therapies, should only be considered when excision is impossible. Mostly located on parts of the scalp that are poorly visible and accessible, particularly for elderly patients, these lesions are a challenge for physicians and patients alike...
May 17, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
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