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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679433/students-attitudes-to-suicide-and-suicidal-persons-a-cross-national-and-cultural-comparison-between-turkey-and-united-kingdom
#1
Chris Flood, Mualla Yilmaz, Louise Phillips, Tracy Lindsay, Mehmet Eskin, Janet Hiley, Bahar Tasdelen
INTRODUCTION: Suicide is a major public health issue internationally and the impact of positive or negative attitudes amongst the mental health professional workforce warrants scrutiny. The study aimed to examine English and Turkish nursing students' attitudes towards people with suicidal behaviour. METHOD: This cross-cultural study reports on attitudes of 240 nursing students towards suicide in Turkey and 82 nursing students in the UK. A reliable and valid twenty-four item 'Attitudes towards Suicide Scale' and 'Social Reactions to Suicidal Persons Scale' were used to measure attitudes...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673576/the-role-of-genetic-variation-of-human-metabolism-for-bmi-mental-traits-and-mental-disorders
#2
Johannes Hebebrand, Triinu Peters, Dick Schijven, Moritz Hebebrand, Corinna Grasemann, Thomas W Winkler, Iris M Heid, Jochen Antel, Manuel Föcker, Lisa Tegeler, Lena Brauner, Roger A H Adan, Jurjen J Luykx, Christoph U Correll, Inke R König, Anke Hinney, Lars Libuda
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to assess whether loci associated with metabolic traits also have a significant role in BMI and mental traits/disorders METHODS: We first assessed the number of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with genome-wide significance for human metabolism (NHGRI-EBI Catalog). These 516 SNPs (216 independent loci) were looked-up in genome-wide association studies for association with body mass index (BMI) and the mental traits/disorders educational attainment, neuroticism, schizophrenia, well-being, anxiety, depressive symptoms, major depressive disorder, autism-spectrum disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, Alzheimer's disease, bipolar disorder, aggressive behavior, and internalizing problems...
April 3, 2018: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671028/biochemical-profiling-of-rat-embryonic-stem-cells-grown-on-electrospun-polyester-fibers-using-synchrotron-infrared-microspectroscopy
#3
Ernesto Doncel-Pérez, Gary Ellis, Christophe Sandt, Peter S Shuttleworth, Agatha Bastida, Julia Revuelta, Eduardo García-Junceda, Alfonso Fernández-Mayoralas, Leoncio Garrido
Therapeutic options for spinal cord injuries are severely limited; current treatments only offer symptomatic relief and rehabilitation focused on educating the individual on how to adapt to their new situation to make best possible use of their remaining function. Thus, new approaches are needed, and interest in the development of effective strategies to promote the repair of neural tracts in the central nervous system inspired us to prepare functional and highly anisotropic polymer scaffolds. In this work, an initial assessment of the behavior of rat neural progenitor cells (NPCs) seeded on poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) fiber scaffolds using synchrotron-based infrared microspectroscopy (SIRMS) is described...
April 18, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670989/evaluation-of-the-perception-of-clinical-competencies-by-nursing-students-in-the-different-clinical-settings-an-observational-study
#4
I Notarnicola, A Stievano, A Pulimeno, L Iacorossi, A Petrizzo, F Gambalunga, G Rocco, C Petrucci, L Lancia
INTRODUCTION: The university educational sphere has many dilemmas. The question of sufficient knowledge and skills for students to acquire abilities to provide care in different clinical setting is one important dilemma. AIM: To measure the level of competencies by nursing students and its application in different clinical environments. METHODS: Nursing students of two Italian universities participated in the research. Data collection took place April to July 2015 using the Nurse Competence Scale...
May 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670868/characteristics-of-patients-with-colonic-polyps-requiring-segmental-resection
#5
Robert A Mitchell, Chaoran Zhang, Cherry Galorport, Blair Walker, Jennifer Telford, Robert Enns
Background: It is unclear if the availability of new techniques for removal of large colonic polyps has affected the use of segmental colon resection. We sought to evaluate the characteristics of polyps undergoing surgical resection, including involvement of therapeutic gastroenterologists (TG). Methods: 484 patients had a colonic resection; 165 (34%) were identified from the pathology database with polyp, adenoma, or mass in the clinical history field; these charts were reviewed...
2018: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669681/the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-functional-dyspepsia
#6
Ahmed Madisch
BACKGROUND: Functional dyspepsia (FD) is one of the more common functional disorders, with a prevalence of 10-20%. It affectsthe gastrointestinal tract. METHODS: This article is based on publications retrieved by a selective search of PubMed, with special attention to controlled trials, guidelines, and reviews. RESULTS: Typical dyspeptic symptoms in functional dyspepsia include epigastric pain, sensations of pressure and fullness, nausea, and early subjective satiety...
March 30, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668421/factors-associated-with-unplanned-early-discharges-from-a-dual-diagnosis-inpatient-detoxification-unit-in-israel
#7
Menachem M Sofer, Alexander Kaptsan, Jonathan Anson
OBJECTIVES: Currently, Israel has a single governmental inpatient dual diagnosis detoxification unit. We provide a cross-section of patient profiles in this unit, as well as explore possible associations between clinical/demographic factors, and the unplanned early discharge of patients from the unit, aiming at improving rehabilitation success rates. METHODS: In this retrospective study, medical records of all patients admitted to the unit between January 1st 2012 and July 1st 2013 were examined (N = 323)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667145/ethical-challenges-faced-by-healthcare-professionals-who-care-for-suicidal-patients-a-scoping-review
#8
Victoria Saigle, Eric Racine
For each one of the approximately 800,000 people who die from suicide every year, an additional twenty people attempt suicide. Many of these attempts result in hospitalization or in contact with other healthcare services. However, many personal, educational, and institutional barriers make it difficult for healthcare professionals to care for suicidal individuals. We reviewed literature that discusses suicidal patients in healthcare settings in order to highlight common ethical issues and to identify knowledge gaps...
April 17, 2018: Monash Bioethics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663381/resin-embedded-anatomical-cross-sections-as-a-teaching-adjunct-for-medical-curricula-is-this-technique-an-alternative-to-potting-and-plastination
#9
Fraser Chisholm, Ourania Varsou
With an ever-expanding use of cross-sectional imaging for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes, there has also been an increase in the need for exposure to such radiological and anatomical views at the undergraduate and postgraduate level to allow for early familiarisation with the relevant anatomy. Cadaveric cross-sections offer an excellent link between the two-dimensional radiological images and the three-dimensional anatomical structures. For such cross-sections to be useful and informative within educational settings, they need to be: (i) safe for students and trainees to handle and (ii) robust enough to withstand repeated handling; as well as (iii) displaying anatomy clearly and accurately...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661916/sustained-reduction-in-severe-hypoglycemia-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-complicated-by-impaired-awareness-of-hypoglycemia-2-year-follow-up-in-the-hypocompass-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Stuart A Little, Jane Speight, Lalantha Leelarathna, Emma Walkinshaw, Horng Kai Tan, Anita Bowes, Alexandra Lubina-Solomon, Thomas J Chadwick, Deborah D Stocken, Catherine Brennand, Sally M Marshall, Ruth Wood, David Kerr, Daniel Flanagan, Simon R Heller, Mark L Evans, James A M Shaw
OBJECTIVE: Severe hypoglycemia is a feared complication of type 1 diabetes; yet, few trials have targeted prevention using optimized self-management (educational, therapeutic, and technological support). We aimed to investigate whether improved awareness and reduced severe hypoglycemia, achieved during an intensive randomized clinical trial (RCT), were sustained after return to routine care. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Ninety-six adults with type 1 diabetes (29 ± 12 years' duration) and impaired awareness of hypoglycemia at five U...
April 16, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660506/correlates-of-stigma-in-adults-with-epilepsy-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-studies
#11
REVIEW
David Baker, Fiona J R Eccles, Helen L Caswell
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to identify quantitative correlates, predictors, and outcomes of stigma in adults with epilepsy living in Western countries. METHODS: To identify relevant literature, four academic databases (PsycINFO, CINAHL, PubMed, and Scopus) were systematically searched using key terms related to stigma and epilepsy. RESULTS: Thirty-three research papers reporting findings from 25 quantitative studies of correlates of stigma in epilepsy were identified...
April 13, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660423/cme-part-2-hair-disorders-in-cancer-survivors-persistent-chemotherapy-induced-alopecia-persistent-radiotherapy-induced-alopecia-and-hair-growth-disorders-related-to-endocrine-therapy-or-cancer-surgery
#12
REVIEW
Azael Freites-Martinez, Jerry Shapiro, Corina van den Hurk, Shari Goldfarb, Joaquin Jimenez, Anthony M Rossi, Ralf Paus, Mario E Lacouture
With increasing survival rates across all cancers, survivors represent a growing population that is frequently affected by persistent or permanent hair growth disorders as a result of systemic therapies, radiotherapy, surgical procedures, and therapeutic transplants. These hair disorders include persistent chemotherapy-induced alopecia, persistent radiotherapy-induced alopecia, endocrine therapy-induced alopecia and hirsutism, post-surgery alopecia and localized hypertrichosis, alopecia attributed to therapeutic transplants, and to novel anticancer therapies...
April 13, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657853/training-scientists-as-future-industry-leaders-teaching-translational-science-from-an-industry-executive-s-perspective
#13
Gloria Lee, Jay D Kranzler, Ravichandran Ramasamy, Gabrielle Gold-von Simson
PhDs and post-doctoral biomedical graduates, in greater numbers, are choosing industry based careers. However, most scientists do not have formal training in business strategies and venture creation and may find senior management positions untenable. To fill this training gap, "Biotechnology Industry: Structure and Strategy" was offered at New York University School of Medicine (NYUSOM). The course focuses on the business aspects of translational medicine and research translation and incorporates the practice of business case discussions, mock negotiation, and direct interactions into the didactic...
2018: Journal of Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653213/neutrophilic-dermatoses-part-ii-pyoderma-gangrenosum-and-other-bowel-and-arthritis-associated-neutrophilic-dermatoses
#14
REVIEW
Hovik J Ashchyan, Caroline A Nelson, Sasha Stephen, William D James, Robert G Micheletti, Misha Rosenbach
Neutrophilic dermatoses are a heterogeneous group of inflammatory skin disorders that present with unique clinical features, but are unified by the presence of a sterile, predominantly neutrophilic infiltrate on histopathology. The morphology of cutaneous lesions associated with these disorders is heterogeneous, which renders diagnosis challenging. Moreover, a thorough evaluation is required to exclude diseases that mimic these disorders and to diagnose potential associated infectious, inflammatory, and neoplastic processes...
April 10, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653210/neutrophilic-dermatoses-part-i-pathogenesis-sweet-syndrome-neutrophilic-eccrine-hidradenitis-and-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#15
REVIEW
Caroline A Nelson, Sasha Stephen, Hovik J Ashchyan, William D James, Robert G Micheletti, Misha Rosenbach
Neutrophilic dermatoses are a heterogeneous group of inflammatory skin disorders that present with unique clinical features, but are unified by the presence of a sterile, predominantly neutrophilic infiltrate on histopathology. The morphology of cutaneous lesions associated with these disorders is heterogeneous, which renders diagnosis challenging. Moreover, a thorough evaluation is required to exclude diseases that mimic these disorders and to diagnose potential associated infectious, inflammatory, and neoplastic processes...
April 10, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653183/atropa-belladonna-neurotoxicity-implications-to-neurological-disorders
#16
REVIEW
Gunnar F Kwakye, Jennifer Jiménez, Jessica A Jiménez, Michael Aschner
Atropa belladonna, commonly known as belladonna or deadly nightshade, ranks among one of the most poisonous plants in Europe and other parts of the world. The plant contains tropane alkaloids, including atropine, scopolamine, and hyoscyamine, which are used as anticholinergics in Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved drugs and homeopathic remedies. These alkaloids can be very toxic at high dose. The FDA has recently reported that Hyland's baby teething tablets contain inconsistent amounts of Atropa belladonna that may have adverse effects on the nervous system and cause death in children, thus recalled the product in 2017...
April 10, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650382/therapeutic-decisions-in-atrial-fibrillation-for-stroke-prevention-the-role-of-aversion-to-ambiguity-and-physicians-risk-preferences
#17
Luciano A Sposato, Devin Stirling, Gustavo Saposnik
BACKGROUND: Knowledge-to-action gaps influence therapeutic decisions in atrial fibrillation (AF). Physician-related factors are common, but the least studied. We evaluated the prevalence and determinants of physician-related factors and knowledge-to-action gaps among physicians involved in the management of AF patients. DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, participants from 6 South American countries recruited during an educational program answered questions regarding 16 case scenarios of patients with AF and completed experiments assessing 3 outcome measures: therapeutic inertia, herding, and errors in risk stratification knowledge translated into action (ERSKTA) based on commonly used stratification tools (Congestive heart failure, Hypertension, Age ≥75 years (double), Diabetes mellitus, previous Stroke/transient ischemic attack/thromboembolism (double), Vascular disease, Age 65-74 years, and female gender (score of 0 for males and 1 for female) (CHA2 DS2 -VASc) and Congestive heart failure, Hypertension, Age ≥75 years, Diabetes mellitus, and previous Stroke/transient ischemic attack (double) (CHADS2 ))...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650165/therapeutic-group-therapy-improved-self-efficacy-of-school-age-children
#18
Cindy Cleodora, Mustikasari, Dewi Gayatri
OBJECTIVE: The survival of children against disaster can be seen from their confidence in their ability (self-efficacy). Self-efficacy can help children to determine their ability against disaster as preparedness. The proper intervention to increase self-efficacy as a protective factor is a therapeutic group therapy. The aim of this research is to measure the increase of self-efficacy of school age children against earthquake and Tsunami through therapeutic group therapy. METHOD: This research used quasi-experimental design with pre-post-tests with control group...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629053/effective-factors-on-menstrual-health-among-female-students-in-bam-city-a-qualitative-study
#19
Mohammad Ali Morowatisharifabad, Aliakbar Vaezi, Neda Mohammadinia
Background: Menarche is an independent puberty event in a girl's life, and is associated with physical growth, ability in marriage and fertility. Therefore, poor menstrual health can be a major determinant of morbidity, as well as physical, mental and social problems in this age group. Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the effective factors on menstrual health among female students in Bam city. Methods: The qualitative study was conducted using content analysis approach in 2017...
February 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628962/iranian-nursing-student-patient-health-communication-in-medical-surgical-wards
#20
Mahbobeh Abdolrahimi, Shahrzad Ghiyasvandian, Masoumeh Zakerimoghadam, Abbas Ebadi
Background: Health communication (HC) is considered an important task of nurses to provide high quality and holistic care as well as to improve patient health. The nursing student-patient HC is an abstract concept and needs to be clarified. Therefore, this study was conducted to increase the knowledge about nursing students' HC with patients by considering various participants' viewpoints. Materials and Methods: In this conventional qualitative content analysis, 18 semi-structured interviews were conducted with six nursing students, six nursing instructors, and six patients in educational hospitals affiliated to the University of Medical Sciences...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
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