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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551478/predictors-of-occupational-stress-and-well-being-in-first-line-nurse-managers-a-cross-sectional-survey-study
#1
Jef Adriaenssens, Ambre Hamelink, Peter Van Bogaert
BACKGROUND: First-line nurse managers have a pivotal role in the organization of health care but have to deal with significant job-related issues and problems in a changing and challenging health care environment. As their new roles are complex and often unclear, it might be expected that these professionals are at risk for occupational stress. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to analyze and describe relationships between job characteristics, and also interdisciplinary conflicts with physicians as potential predictors of occupational well-being (job satisfaction, psychosomatic distress, turnover intention, work engagement and burnout)...
May 12, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550382/same-principles-different-worlds-a-critical-discourse-analysis-of-medical-ethics-and-nursing-ethics-in-finnish-professional-texts
#2
Salla Saxén
This qualitative social scientific study explores professional texts of healthcare ethics to understand the ways in which ethical professionalism in medicine and nursing are culturally constructed in Finland. Two books in ethics, published by Finnish national professional organizations-one for nurses and one for physicians-were analyzed with the method of critical discourse analysis. Codes of ethics for each profession were also scrutinized. Analysis of the texts sought to reveal what is taken for granted in the texts as well as to speculate what appeared to be relegated to the margins of the texts or left entirely invisible...
May 26, 2017: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549878/outbreak-of-imipenem-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii-in-different-wards-at-a-regional-hospital-related-to-untrained-bedside-caregivers
#3
Ching-Hsun Wang, Jin-Feng Li, Li-Yueh Huang, Fu-Mei Lin, Ya-Sung Yang, L Kristopher Siu, Feng-Yee Chang, Jung-Chung Lin
BACKGROUND: This study describes an outbreak caused by imipenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (IRAB) involving 2 general wards at the Penghu branch of Tri-Service General Hospital. METHODS: Clinical data obtained from the patients with IRAB during an outbreak from May 2014-October 2014 were reviewed. Microbiologic sampling from the environment and the hands of health care workers (HCWs) was performed. Clinical isolates from case patients were genotyped using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE)...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549737/organizational-intellectual-capital-and-the-role-of-the-nurse-manager-a-proposed-conceptual-model
#4
Jason H Gilbert, Diane Von Ah, Marion E Broome
BACKGROUND: Nurse managers must leverage both the human capital and social capital of the teams they lead in order to produce quality outcomes. Little is known about the relationship between human capital and social capital and how these concepts may work together to produce organizational outcomes through leadership of nurses. PURPOSE: The purpose of this article was to explore the concepts of human capital and social capital as they relate to nursing leadership in health care organizations...
April 19, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549434/the-potential-of-task-shifting-in-scaling-up-services-for-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-a-time-and-motion-study-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#5
Helga Naburi, Anna Mia Ekström, Phares Mujinja, Charles Kilewo, Karim Manji, Gunnel Biberfeld, David Sando, Guerino Chalamila, Till Bärnighausen
BACKGROUND: In many African countries, prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) services are predominantly delivered by nurses. Although task-shifting is not yet well established, community health workers (CHWs) are often informally used as part of PMTCT delivery. According to the 2008 World Health Organization (WHO) Task-shifting Guidelines, many PMTCT tasks can be shifted from nurses to CHWs. METHODS: The aim of this time and motion study in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, was to estimate the potential of task-shifting in PMTCT service delivery to reduce nurses' workload and health system costs...
May 26, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548000/assessment-for-improving-the-performance-of-nicus-the-italian-experience
#6
Simone Fanelli, Antonello Zangrandi
This paper describes neonatal intensive care units (NICU) in Italy using a set of organizational variables identifying management profile. The correlations between variables, and how these are impacted by structural aspects of the department or hospital, are investigated. The research was conducted within the 5-year far-reaching and complex SONAR study run by the Italian Neonatal Network, which maps NICU, monitors outcomes of member centres, defines organizational models, and identifies best practices to improve care quality...
January 1, 2017: Health Services Management Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546983/efficacy-of-purposeful-educational-workshop-of-medical-and-nonmedical-interventions-based-on-needs-assessments-in-nurses
#7
Abbas Attari, Mahin Aminoroaia, Mohammd Reza Maracy
BACKGROUND: The medical and nonmedical care of patients is the necessary skills in nursing profession. That it needs proper knowledge and attitude. Hence, it is important to promote nurses' knowledge and attitude by education based on need assessment. This study aimed to define the efficacy of a medical and nonmedical intervention educational workshop on nurses' knowledge and attitude until 3 months after holding the workshop in psychiatric wards of educational hospitals in Isfahan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a quasi-experimental study...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546971/the-impact-of-the-customer-relationship-management-on-organizational-productivity-customer-trust-and-satisfaction-by-using-the-structural-equation-model-a-study-in-the-iranian-hospitals
#8
Maryam Yaghoubi, Hamed Asgari, Marzieh Javadi
CONTEXT: One of the challenges in the fiercely competitive space of health organizations is responding to customers and building trust and satisfaction in them in the shortest time, with best quality and highest productivity. Hence the aim of this study is to survey the impact of customer relationship management (CRM) on organizational productivity, customer loyalty, satisfaction and trust in selected hospitals of Isfahan (in Iran). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a correlation descriptive research...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545533/food-beliefs-and-practices-among-the-kalenjin-pregnant-women-in-rural-uasin-gishu-county-kenya
#9
Roselyter Monchari Riang'a, Jacqueline Broerse, Anne Kisaka Nangulu
BACKGROUND: Understanding food beliefs and practices is critical to the development of dietary recommendations, nutritional programmes, and educational messages. This study aimed to understand the pregnancy food beliefs and practices and the underlying reasons for these among the contemporary rural Kalenjin communities of Uasin Gishu County, Kenya. METHODS: Through semi-structured interviews, data was collected from 154 pregnant and post-natal Kalenjin women about restricted and recommended foods, and why they are restricted or recommended during pregnancy...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543661/building-the-next-bioethics-commission
#10
Alexander M Capron
At every moment, somewhere in the world, a group of men and women are sitting around a table deliberating about an ethical issue posed by medicine and research, whether as a research ethics committee; a hospital or clinical ethics committee; a stem-cell review committee; a gene transfer research committee; a biobank ethics committee; an ethics advisory committee for a medical or nursing association or nongovernmental organization; a state, provincial, national, or intergovernmental bioethics committee; or an ad hoc panel examining a particular development or case...
May 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543427/conservation-of-resources-theory-in-nurse-burnout-and-patient-safety
#11
Aoyjai Prapanjaroensin, Patricia A Patrician, David E Vance
AIMS: To examine how the Conservation of Resources theory explains burnout in the nursing profession. BACKGROUND: Burnout, which is an accumulation of work-related mental stress in people-oriented occupations, has been an issue of concern for decades for healthcare workers, especially nurses. Yet, few studies have examined a unified theory that explains the etiology, progression and consequences of nurse burnout. DESIGN: This discussion article integrates current knowledge on nurse burnout using Conservation of Resources theory, which focuses on four resources (i...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542485/a-link-between-thrifty-phenotype-and-maternal-care-across-two-generations-of-intercrossed-mice
#12
Bruno Sauce, Carolina P Goes, Isabela Forti, Bruno Gabriel O do Monte, Isabela M Watanabe, Joao Cunha, Andrea C Peripato
Maternal effects are causal influences from mother to offspring beyond genetic information, and have lifelong consequences for multiple traits. Previously, we reported that mice whose mothers did not nurse properly had low birth weight followed by rapid fat accumulation and disturbed development of some organs. That pattern resembles metabolic syndromes known collectively as the thrifty phenotype, which is believed to be an adaptation to a stressful environment which prepares offspring for reduced nutrient supply...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541989/irritable-bowel-syndrome
#13
Kristen Ronn Weaver, Gail DʼEramo Melkus, Wendy A Henderson
: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common, chronic gastrointestinal (GI) condition characterized by disturbances in bowel habits and abdominal pain in the absence of known organic pathology. IBS reduces quality of life and is costly to treat. It is diagnosed using the symptom-based Rome criteria for functional GI disorders, which was recently updated and released as Rome IV. Both physiologic and psychological variables play a role in the etiology of IBS and perpetuate symptoms. Although research has shed light on IBS pathophysiology, therapeutic interventions remain symptom driven, employing both pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic approaches...
June 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538673/breast-cancer-exploring-the-facts-and-holistic-needs-during-and-beyond-treatment
#14
REVIEW
Zhi Xuan Ng, Mei Shan Ong, Tamilarasi Jegadeesan, Shuo Deng, Celestial T Yap
Breast cancer patients face challenges throughout the journey of diagnosis, treatment, post-treatment, and recovery. The breast cancer patient is exposed to a multidisciplinary team including doctors, nurses, therapists, counselors, and psychologists. While the team assembled together aims to address multiple facets in breast cancer care, the sub-specialized nature of individual professional practices may constrain the overview of patients' holistic needs and a comprehensive approach to cancer management. This paper aims to provide an overview of the holistic needs of breast cancer patients at each stage of their cancer journey, addressing their complex physical, psychological, and social needs...
May 24, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538461/dnp-preparation-in-supporting-critical-skills-for-magnet%C3%A2-program-directors
#15
Sarah Lackey
Magnet® organizations are required to identify a Magnet program director (MPD), who plays a critical role in attaining and maintaining Magnet designation. The evidence is sparse related to qualifications or recommended educational levels of those assuming an MPD role. In this article, the author discusses how one of the DNP Essentials, clinical scholarship and the use of analytical methods for evidence-based practice, is reported to prepare nurses for the MPD role.
June 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538056/engaging-all-employees-in-efforts-to-achieve-high-reliability
#16
Anne Marie Benedicto
DRAMATIC AND NUMEROUS advances in science, technology, and medicine provide new opportunities to keep people healthy as well as to diagnose, treat, and cure disease. Unfortunately, increasing complexity increases opportunities for mistakes and errors, particularly in healthcare organizations as they struggle to prevent patient harm (). Safety problems persist and harm to patients continues despite widespread attention to the need for improvement ().An engaged and empowered workforce is critical to improving the patient experience, improving health outcomes, and correcting unsafe conditions ()...
July 2017: Frontiers of Health Services Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536303/implementing-a-fee-for-service-cervical-cancer-screening-and-treatment-program-in-cameroon-challenges-and-opportunities
#17
Geneva DeGregorio, Simon Manga, Edith Kiyang, Florence Manjuh, Leslie Bradford, Preetam Cholli, Richard Wamai, Rebecca Ogembo, Zacharie Sando, Yuxin Liu, Lisa Kennedy Sheldon, Kathleen Nulah, Thomas Welty, Edith Welty, Javier Gordon Ogembo
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer screening is one of the most effective cancer prevention strategies, but most women in Africa have never been screened. In 2007, the Cameroon Baptist Convention Health Services, a large faith-based health care system in Cameroon, initiated the Women's Health Program (WHP) to address this disparity. The WHP provides fee-for-service cervical cancer screening using visual inspection with acetic acid enhanced by digital cervicography (VIA-DC), prioritizing care for women living with HIV/AIDS...
May 23, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534859/workplace-hazards-faced-by-nursing-assistants-in-the-united-states-a-focused-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
AnnMarie Lee Walton, Bonnie Rogers
Nursing assistants (NAs) make up a large share of the healthcare provider workforce and their numbers are expected to grow. NAs are predominantly women who earn a low wage and report financial, work, and family demands. Working as a NA is hazardous; this manuscript specifically examines the biological/infectious, chemical, enviromechanical, physical and psychosocial hazards that appear in the literature to date. A focused search strategy was used to review literature about hazards that fell into each of the five aforementioned domains...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531782/the-financial-burden-of-malnutrition-in-hospitalized-pediatric-patients-under-five-years-of-age
#19
Kulnipa Kittisakmontri, Onwaree Sukhosa
BACKGROUND: Under-five children are a medically fragile group which is compromised by hospitalization. Malnutrition in those patients not only increases complications and mortality but also affects hospital resource utilization. Therefore, this study was conducted to clarify the impact of malnutrition on hospital expenditures. METHODS: This prospective cohort study was performed at a tertiary hospital in Thailand. Under-five children who were admitted to general pediatric wards were included...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531550/barriers-and-facilitators-in-providing-oral-care-to-nursing-home-residents-from-the-perspective-of-care-aides-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Matthias Hoben, Alix Clarke, Kha Tu Huynh, Nadia Kobagi, Angelle Kent, Huimin Hu, Raissa A C Pereira, Tianyuan Xiong, Kexin Yu, Hongjin Xiang, Minn N Yoon
BACKGROUND: Oral health of nursing home residents is generally poor, with severe consequences for residents' general health and quality of life and for the health care system. Care aides in nursing homes provide up to 80% of direct care (including oral care) to residents, but providing oral care is often challenging. Interventions to improve oral care must tailor to identified barriers and facilitators to be effective. This review identifies and synthesizes the evidence on barriers and facilitators care aides perceive in providing oral care to nursing home residents...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
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