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Melinda Zsuzsanna Szabó, Peter Szodoray, Emese Kiss
Cardiovascular disease is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Accelerated atherosclerosis is related to traditional (age, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, obesity, smoking, and positive family history) and non-traditional, disease-related factors. Traditional risk factors are still more prominent in patients with lupus, as both hypertension and hypercholesterinemia were independently associated with premature atherosclerosis in several SLE cohorts...
February 7, 2017: Immunologic Research
Yan Du, Xinyu Wu, Mo Chen, Wenwen Wang, Weihong Xv, Lv Ye, Di Wu, Jing Xue, Wenjia Sun, Judong Luo, Huaxiang Wu
OBJECTIVE: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by extensive immune response including over-activation of T and B cells development of pathogenic autoantibodies, organ damage induced by the formation and deposition of immune complex, and the abnormal elevation of type I interferon. Semaphorin5A (Sema5A), is essentially involved in immune cell regulation and also implicated in the pathogenesis of autoimmune disorders. We aimed to evaluate the role of Sema5A in patients with SLE...
January 7, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
Qi Zhao, Chunshu Yang, Jianing Wang, Yujia Li, Pingting Yang
DNase1l3 is an endonuclease to degrade the chromatin of apoptotic or necrotic cells. Serum DNase1l3 may fulfill the function of clearance of chromatin released into the circulation by dying cells, which can trigger autoimmune responses. To date, it remains unclear whether serum DNase1l3 level associates with the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases. Sixty-eight patients with dermatomyositis/polymyositis (DM/PM, n = 30), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE, n = 20) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA, n = 18), as well as 26 healthy blood donors were enrolled in the present study...
December 30, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Hongxu Wang, Ju Cao, Xiaofei Lai
Interleukin-34 (IL-34) was initially identified as an alternative ligand for the colony-stimulating factor-1 receptor (CSF-1R) to mediate the biology of mononuclear phagocytic cells. Recently, IL-34 was found to be associated with chronic inflammation, such as in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Both RA and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are multifactorial autoimmune diseases and are characterized by excessive immune and inflammatory responses. Thus, we investigated whether IL-34 is involved in the pathogenesis of SLE...
December 28, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Y J Jin, L Sun, L Yang, R Xing, X Y Liu
OBJECTIVE: To detect serum v-raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homologue B1 (BRAF) protein levels and to investigate their clinical significance in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. METHODS: Serum samples were obtained from 78 RA patients, 32 osteoarthritis (OA) patients, 16 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients, 16 gout patients, 16 ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients, 16 Sjogren syndrome (SS) patients and 30 healthy controls. BRAF protein in the sera was examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
December 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
James S Andrews, Laura Trupin, Catherine L Hough, David I Daikh, Edward H Yelin, Patricia P Katz
OBJECTIVES: Muscle strength is an important determinant of physical function in women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Serum biomarkers of inflammation, including interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-Reactive Protein (CRP), are associated with differences in muscle strength among individuals without rheumatologic disease. We examined whether serum levels of IL-6 and CRP are associated with upper and lower extremity muscle strength among adult women with SLE. METHODS: One hundred thirty-six women with SLE participated in this cross-sectional study...
November 15, 2016: Cytokine
Jing Gao, Lei Zhang, Xin Zhang, Shi-Long Zhao, Sheng-Yun Liu, Li-Hua Xing
The severity of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients with pulmonary bacterial infection varies widely. We investigated the significance of procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in evaluating the severity of pulmonary infection in SLE patients. This retrospective study contained a total of 117 patients (107 women and 10 men) with SLE from January 2010 to June 2011. Serum levels of PCT and CRP were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The severity of pulmonary bacterial infection (PBI) was evaluated using the pneumonia severity index (PSI)...
October 2016: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
Mariane Curado Borges, Fabiana de Miranda Moura Dos Santos, Rosa Weiss Telles, Marcus Vinícius Melo de Andrade, Maria Isabel Toulson Davisson Correia, Cristina Costa Duarte Lanna
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that omega-3 fatty acids reduce the concentrations of eicosanoids, cytokines, chemokines, C-reactive protein (CRP) and other inflammatory mediators. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of omega-3 fatty acids on circulating levels of inflammatory mediators and biochemical markers in women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Experimental clinical study (clinical trial: NCT02524795); 49 women with SLE (ACR1982/1997) were randomized: 22 to the omega-3 group (daily intake of 1080mg EPA+200mg DHA, for 12 weeks) and 27 to the control group...
September 22, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
Fabio E Ospina, Alex Echeverri, Diana Zambrano, Juan-Pablo Suso, Javier Martínez-Blanco, Carlos A Cañas, Gabriel J Tobón
SLE is a chronic autoimmune disease involving multiple systems. Patients with SLE are highly susceptible to infections due to the combined effects of their immunosuppressive therapy and the abnormalities of the immune system that the disease itself causes, which can increase mortality in these patients. The differentiation of SLE activity and infection in a febrile patient with SLE is extremely difficult. Activity indexes are useful to identify patients with lupus flares but some clinical and biological abnormalities may, however, make it difficult to differentiate flares from infection...
October 15, 2016: Rheumatology
Basant M Elnady, Ayman Saeed Mohamed Abdelghafar, El Shazly Abdul Khalik, Mohammed Mesfer Algethami, A S Basiony, Mona Dhaif Allah Al-Otaibi, Maram Eidhah Al-Otaibi
OBJECTIVE: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) can present limitations to exercise capacity and quality of life (QoL) because of various clinical conditions, such as pulmonary disease or heart disease. Tissue Doppler echocardiography (TDE) offers the promise of an objective measurement to quantify regional and global ventricular function through the assessment of myocardial velocity data. This study aimed to assess the intensity of left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV) systolic and diastolic dysfunction in SLE patients by means of TDE and cardiopulmonary exercise (CPX) testing to determine their impact on QoL...
September 2016: European Journal of Rheumatology
Chander Grover, Bineeta Kashyap, Deepashree Daulatabad, Amit Dhawan, Iqbal R Kaur
BACKGROUND: Anti-cyclic citrullinated peptides (CCPs) are autoantibodies directed against citrullinated peptides. Rheumatoid factor (RF), an antibody against the Fc portion of IgG, is known to form immune complexes and contribute to the etiopathogenesis of various skin disorders. C-reactive protein (CRP), an acute-phase protein, increases following secretion of interleukin-6 from macrophages and T cells. Anti-CCP, RF, and CRP are well-established immune-markers, their diagnostic potential in immune-mediated skin disorders remains less widely studied...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Barna Vasarhelyi, Gergely Toldi, Attila Balog
The assessment of the general inflammatory condition of patients with autoimmune connective tissue disorders (ACTD) is a major challenge. The use of traditional inflammatory markers including CRP-levels and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) is limited by several preanalytical factors and their low specificities. Soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is one of the novel candidate markers that is increasingly used in immune mediated disorders. In our studies we compared suPAR levels of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), systemic sclerosis (SSc) and ankylosing spondylitis with those of healthy controls...
April 2016: EJIFCC
V Umare, A Nadkarni, M Nadkar, A Rajadhyksha, P Khadilkar, K Ghosh, V D Pradhan
INTRODUCTION: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is an inflammatory autoimmune disease where an interplay between acute phase proteins and cytokines are involved in disease activation. AIM AND OBJECTIVES: This case control study was performed to investigate interrelationship between high sensitivity C-reactive proteins (hs-CRP), Interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels and disease activity among SLE patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred forty one clinically diagnosed SLE cases were included and disease activity was noted by SLE Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI)...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
Salony Mittal, Preeti Agarwal, Anupam Wakhlu, Ashutosh Kumar, Raj Mehrotra, Saumya Mittal
INTRODUCTION: Haematological alterations such as anaemia, neutropenia and thrombocytopenia are frequent in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). Ferritin being an acute phase reactant can be falsely elevated in lupus cases. AIM: To evaluate the haematological alterations and to re-categorise the types of anemia by soluble transferrin receptor levels in diagnosed cases of SLE. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of 30 newly diagnosed ANA positive SLE patients was taken...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
S V Shevchuk, L P Denyschych
The article presents data on levels of osteocalcin and pyridinoline in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), their comparison with structural and functional state of bone tissue and course of the disease. Bone metabolism derangements were found in 65.8% of women with SLE. Herewith, the increase of pyridinoline content was observed in 43.9% of patients, the reduction of osteocalcinin 39% of individuals. The deterioration of bone metabolism was associated with the severity of the disease, especially high levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) (r = 0...
October 2015: Likars'ka Sprava
A Dima, D Opris, C Jurcut, C Baicus
The inflammatory response during systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) flares is known to be atypical, characterized by a disproportionately lower C-reactive protein (CRP) elevation when compared with erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). Thus, in these patients, the analysis of inflammatory markers might be challenging in daily clinical practice. Clinicians need frequently to distinguish lupus reactivations and infectious conditions, and the significance of ESR and CRP seems to be different. Even though a non-specific marker of inflammation, ESR utility in SLE should not be neglected and it appears to be a useful biomarker for SLE activity assessment...
October 2016: Lupus
Jae Il Shin, Se Jin Park, Chang-Hee Suh, Geum Hwa Lee, Min Woo Hur, Song Yi Han, Dong Soo Kim, Ji Hong Kim
The aim of this study was to determine whether decreased serum sodium concentration could be associated with the disease activity in SLE. We retrospectively analyzed the data of the two independent cohorts of children and adults with SLE in two centers. Hyponatremia was associated with serum chloride (p = 0.004), albumin (p = 0.002) and SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI) (p = 0.026) in children with SLE. Serum sodium levels were correlated negatively with ESR (p =0.001) and positively with serum albumin levels (p < 0...
2016: Scientific Reports
L Garabet, I-M Gilboe, M-C Mowinckel, A F Jacobsen, T E Mollnes, P M Sandset, E-M Jacobsen
Complement activation and low complement levels are common in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) are found in about 30-40% of patients with SLE. This study aimed to investigate the association between aPL and complement levels in patients with SLE. Serum samples were collected from 269 patients with SLE enrolled in the Norwegian Systemic Connective Tissue and Vasculitis Registry (NOSVAR) during 2003-2009, and from 353 controls. All samples were analysed for anti-β2 glycoprotein 1 (anti-β2GP1) and anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL), C-reactive protein (CRP) and complement components C3 and C4...
August 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
Kai-Peng Huang, Zhi-Hao Zhang, Rui-Ming Li, Xiao Chen
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease that leads to severe multiorgan damage. Lang Chuang Fang (LCF) is a Chinese herbal medicine that is clinically prescribed for treating SLE. In this study, we examined the therapeutic effects of LCF granule on lupus-prone MRL/lpr mice. Female mice were randomly separated into six groups, and LCF treatment groups received LCF granule at the dosage of 0.97 g/kg/d, 1.95 g/kg/d, and 3.90 g/kg/d, respectively. Here, we found that, compared to the MRL/lpr mice, both the spleen coefficient and thymus coefficient were reduced in the LCF granule-treated mice...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
O Vera-Lastra, S Méndez-Flores, M P Cruz-Dominguez, G Medina, E Calderón-Aranda, L J Jara
BACKGROUND: Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have a higher risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD), not fully explained by the conventional risk factors. These patients have endothelial dysfunction (ED) as an early process of atherosclerosis, which can be reversed with therapy. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of ezetimibe plus pravastatin on endothelial function in patients with SLE after 12 months of treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An open study, before and after, which assessed the effect of ezetimibe plus pravastatin treatment, was performed...
June 2016: Lupus
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