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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452743/medication-wasted-contents-and-costs-of-medicines-ending-up-in-household-garbage
#1
Sabine Vogler, Roger H P F de Rooij
BACKGROUND: Despite potentially considerable implications for public health, the environment and public funds, medicine waste is an under-researched topic. This study aims to analyse medicines drawn from household garbage in Vienna (Austria) and to assess possible financial implications for public payers. METHODS: Four pharmaceutical waste samples collected by the Vienna Municipal Waste Department between April 2015 and January 2016 were investigated with regard to their content...
February 10, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452549/characterizing-potentially-preventable-cancer-and-chronic-disease-related-emergency-department-use-in-the-year-after-treatment-initiation-a-regional-study
#2
Laura Panattoni, Catherine Fedorenko, Mikael Anne Greenwood-Hickman, Karma Kreizenbeck, Julia R Walker, Renato Martins, Keith D Eaton, John W Rieke, Ted Conklin, Bruce Smith, Gary Lyman, Scott D Ramsey
PURPOSE: As new quality metrics and interventions for potentially preventable emergency department (ED) visits are implemented, we sought to compare methods for evaluating the prevalence and costs of potentially preventable ED visits that were related to cancer and chronic disease among a commercially insured oncology population in the year after treatment initiation. METHODS: We linked SEER records in western Washington from 2011 to 2016 with claims from two commercial insurers...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450469/association-between-bariatric-surgery-and-rates-of-continuation-discontinuation-or-initiation-of-antidiabetes-treatment-6-years-later
#3
Jérémie Thereaux, Thomas Lesuffleur, Sébastien Czernichow, Arnaud Basdevant, Simon Msika, David Nocca, Bertrand Millat, Anne Fagot-Campagna
Importance: Few large-scale long-term prospective cohort studies have assessed changes in antidiabetes treatment after bariatric surgery. Objective: To describe the association between bariatric surgery and rates of continuation, discontinuation, or initiation of antidiabetes treatment 6 years after bariatric surgery compared with a matched control obese group. Design, Setting, and Participants: This nationwide observational population-based cohort study extracted health care reimbursement data from the French national health insurance database from January 1, 2008, to December 31, 2015...
February 14, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449133/evaluation-of-medicare-s-intensive-behavioral-therapy-for-obesity-the-bienestar-experience
#4
Roberto P Treviño, Christina Piña, Jesús Cuéllar Fuentes, Melissa Nuñez
INTRODUCTION: In 2011, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services began to reimburse primary care providers for intensive behavior therapy for obesity. This study evaluated a Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services intensive behavior therapy for obesity program as implemented in primary care clinics. METHODS: Data for this retrospective cohort study were obtained between May 2012 and February 2015 and statistical analysis was performed in 2017. The sample included 643 participants who attended at least one BieneStar intensive behavior therapy for obesity program session...
February 7, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445975/factors-of-u-s-hospitals-associated-with-improved-profit-margins-an-observational-study
#5
Dan P Ly, David M Cutler
BACKGROUND: Hospitals face financial pressure from decreased margins from Medicare and Medicaid and lower reimbursement from consolidating insurers. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study are to determine whether hospitals that became more profitable increased revenues or decreased costs more and to examine characteristics associated with improved financial performance over time. DESIGN: The design of this study is retrospective analyses of U...
February 14, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441739/a-survey-of-radiation-therapy-utilization-in-korea-from-2010-to-2016-focusing-on-use-of-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy
#6
Chai Hong Rim, Jeongshim Lee, Woo Chul Kim, DaeSik Yang, Won Sup Yoon, Woong Sub Koom, Chul Yong Kim
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the recent changes of radiation therapy (RT) modalities in Korea. In particular, we focused on intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) utilization as the main index, presenting the application status of advanced RT. METHODS: We collected information from the Korean Health and Insurance Review and Assessment Service data based on the National Health Insurance Service claims and reimbursements records by using treatment codes from 2010 to 2016...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439069/moving-towards-a-better-path-a-mixed-method-examination-of-china-s-reforms-to-remedy-medical-corruption-from-pharmaceutical-firms
#7
Jianwei Shi, Rui Liu, Hua Jiang, Chunxu Wang, Yue Xiao, Nana Liu, Zhaoxin Wang, Leiyu Shi
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have systematically examined the effects of the existing regulations for alleviating corruption in China. This study assesses the effectiveness of China's reforms to curb medical corruption. METHODS: We used mixed methods for the evaluation of existing countermeasures. First, qualitative informant interviews based on the Donabedian model were conducted to obtain experts' evaluation of various kinds of countermeasures. Second, using data from 'China Judgements Online', we analysed the trend of occurrence and the characteristics of the medical corruption cases in recent years to reflect the overall effects of these countermeasures in China...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432671/what-does-the-new-ontario-pharmacare-plan-offer-children-and-young-adults-with-rare-disorders
#8
Nigel Rawson
A publicly-funded pharmacare program (OHIP+) was announced in the 2017 Ontario budget for all children and young adults that will begin in January 2018 and cover drugs in the Ontario Public Drug Programs (OPDP) formulary. In this commentary, drugs indicated for rare disorders commonly occurring in childhood that were reviewed by the Common Drug Review (CDR) between 2004 and 2016 are examined to assess the Ontario reimbursement situation. OPDP reimburse few of these drugs and only about half of those covered are accessible with consistency and without onerous conditions...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429027/immunization-coverage-in-children-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#9
K Kowalska-Duplaga, M Baranowska-Nowak, M Nescioruk, M Banasiuk, K Karolewska-Bochenek, I Łazowska-Przeorek, A Radzikowski, Aleksandra Banaszkiewicz
Patients suffering from inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are at increased risk of infections, mainly due to immunosuppressive treatment. Moreover, infections may cause flares of IBD. Vaccination is the most effective way of preventing many infections. The aim of this study was to evaluate the vaccination status of Polish children with IBD. Individual immunization cards of children with IBD and healthy controls were reviewed. Demographic data such as age, sex, and IBD history, including therapy type, were collected...
February 11, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427490/how-to-control-highly-endemic-hepatitis-b-in-asia
#10
REVIEW
Shan Shan, Fuqian Cui, Jidong Jia
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is an enormous economic and social burden. Asian countries such as Vietnam, Mongolia, Laos, China, the Philippines, South Korea, Singapore and Cambodia have high or high-intermediate HBsAg prevalence. Most of the chronic HBV carriers in this region acquire their infection during early childhood or through mother-to-child transmission (MTCT). Asia has been highly successful in controlling HBV in the last 2 decades. For example, China has adopted a comprehensive strategy to control HBV and has offered universal HBV vaccination to infants since 1992...
February 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425896/women-s-satisfaction-with-care-at-the-birthplace-in-austria-evaluation-of-the-babies-born-better-survey-national-dataset
#11
Karolina Luegmair, Christoph Zenzmaier, Claudia Oblasser, Martina König-Bachmann
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate women's satisfaction with care at the birthplace in Austria and to provide reference data for cross-country comparisons within the international Babies Born Better project. DESIGN: a cross-sectional design was applied. The data were extracted from the Babies Born Better survey as a national sub-dataset that included all participants with Austria as the indicated country of residence. SETTING: an online survey targeting women who had given birth within the last five years and distributed primarily via social media...
January 8, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421457/political-economy-of-hope-as-a-cultural-facet-of-biomedicalization-a-qualitative-examination-of-constraints-to-hospice-utilization-among-u-s-end-stage-cancer-patients
#12
Emily Hammad Mrig, Karen Lutfey Spencer
A growing body of social science literature is devoted to describing processes of biomedicalization. The issue of biomedicalization is especially relevant for individuals suffering from end-stage cancer and hoping that aggressive end-of-life interventions, which are riddled with uncertainty around quantity or quality of life, will produce a 'cure'. To examine hospice underutilization among end-stage cancer patients, we apply the anthropological concept 'political economy of hope,' which describes how personal and collective 'hope' is associated with the political and economic structures that produce biomedicalization processes...
January 27, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420405/rate-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-surgery-among-privately-insured-women-in-the-united-states-2010-2013
#13
Anne G Sammarco, Carolyn W Swenson, Neil S Kamdar, Emily K Kobernik, John O L DeLancey, Brahmajee Nallamothu, Daniel M Morgan
OBJECTIVE: To analyze utilization of, and payments for, pelvic organ prolapse procedures after the 2011 U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) communication regarding transvaginal mesh. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study examining private claims from three insurance providers for inpatient and outpatient prolapse procedures from 2010 to 2013 in the Health Care Cost Institute. Primary outcomes were the change in utilization of prolapse procedures, with and without mesh, before and after the July 2011 FDA communication...
February 5, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415688/risk-of-dementia-in-patients-with-primary-insomnia-a-nationwide-population-based-case-control-study
#14
Chao-Ming Hung, Ying-Chun Li, Han-Jung Chen, Kang Lu, Cheng-Loong Liang, Po-Chou Liliang, Yu-Duan Tsai, Kuo-Wei Wang
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between primary insomnia and dementia using a Taiwanese population-based database. METHODS: This case-control study involved a subset of Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database of reimbursement claims. We included 51,734 patients who were diagnosed with primary insomnia from 2002 to 2004 as the test group and 258,715 nonprimary insomnia participants aged 20 years or older as the reference group. We excluded patients under 20 and those with depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, and/or sleep disorders caused by organic lesion(s), drugs, or alcohol...
February 7, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415295/externally-acquired-radiological-data-for-the-clinical-routine-a%C3%A2-review-of-the-reimbursement-situation-in-germany
#15
Andreas G Schreyer, René T Steinhäuser, Britta Rosenberg
BACKGROUND:  Interdisciplinary radiological conferences and boards can improve therapeutic pathways. Because of the reinterpretation and presentation of external image data, which already was read, an additional workload is created which is currently not considered by health care providers. In this review we discuss the ongoing basics and possibilities in health economy for a radiological second opinion for the outpatient and inpatient sector in Germany. METHOD:  Based on up-to-date literature and jurisdiction, we discuss the most important questions for the reimbursement for second opinions and conference presentations of external image data in an FAQ format...
February 7, 2018: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403570/prospective-bundled-payments-in-a-changing-environment-the-experience-of-a-self-funded-state-sponsored-plan
#16
Frank H Lawler, Frank R Wilson, G Keith Smith, Lynn V Mitchell
Background: Healthcare reimbursement, which has traditionally been based on the quantity of services delivered, is currently moving toward value-based reimbursement-a system that addresses the quantity, quality, and cost of services. One such arrangement has been the evolution of bundled payments for a specific procedure or for an episode of care, paid prospectively or through post-hoc reconciliation. Objective: To evaluate the impact of instituting bundled payments that incorporate facility charges, physician fees, and all ancillary charges by the State of Oklahoma HealthChoice public employee insurance plan...
December 2017: American Health & Drug Benefits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403267/assessment-of-medication-adherence-and-responsible-use-of-isotretinoin-and-contraception-through-belgian-community-pharmacies-by-using-pharmacy-refill-data
#17
Natacha Biset, Mélanie Lelubre, Christelle Senterre, Karim Amighi, Olivier Bugnon, Marie P Schneider, Carine De Vriese
Purpose: The aims of the study were to evaluate medication adherence and the influencing factors for isotretinoin and contraception (oral, patches, and rings) and to evaluate the concomitant use of contraception and isotretinoin. Methods: Reimbursed prescription data from January 2012 to August 2015 of all patients in Belgium were received from Pharmanet-National Institute for Health and Disability Insurance. Medication adherence was measured according to the medication possession ratio...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402715/does-parkinson-disease-increase-the-risk-of-perioperative-complications-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-nationwide-database-study
#18
Jared M Newman, Nipun Sodhi, Sarah E Dalton, Anton Khlopas, Richard P Newman, Carlos A Higuera, Michael A Mont
BACKGROUND: Parkinson disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder in the United States, affecting over 1 million people. As part of the disease process, PD can cause poor bone quality and other musculoskeletal problems that can affect a patient's quality of life. With advances in treatment, PD patients can be more active and may be candidates for total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, there is a paucity of literature on the outcomes of THA in PD patients. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the perioperative outcomes of PD patients who underwent THA...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397280/the-affordability-of-providing-sexually-transmitted-disease-services-at-a-safety-net-clinic
#19
Lorraine T Dean, Madeline C Montgomery, Julia Raifman, Amy Nunn, Thomas Bertrand, Alexi Almonte, Philip A Chan
INTRODUCTION: Sexually transmitted diseases continue to increase in the U.S. There is a growing need for financially viable models to ensure the longevity of safety-net sexually transmitted disease clinics, which provide testing and treatment to high-risk populations. This micro-costing analysis estimated the number of visits required to balance cost and revenue of a sexually transmitted disease clinic in a Medicaid expansion state. METHODS: In 2017, actual and projected cost and revenues were estimated from the Rhode Island sexually transmitted disease clinic in 2015...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396878/-it-s-about-fitting-in-with-the-organization-a-qualitative-study-of-employers-of-nurse-practitioners
#20
Stacy Leidel, Yvonne Hauck, Shirley McGough
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the views of employers about the value nurse practitioners (NPs) add to health services, enablers and barriers to employing NPs, and intentions to employ NPs or expand NP services in the future. BACKGROUND: Research on Australian NPs has focused on NPs' experiences or patient-related factors like waiting times. Few studies have explored NP roles from the perspective of employers. Australian NPs employed by the private sector are eligible for reimbursement by the national health insurance scheme (Medicare Australia), potentially generating revenue for employers and broadening their career opportunities...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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