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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817540/association-of-olfactory-function-with-the-intensity-of-self-reported-physical-activity-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#1
Bogusz Falkowski, Maciej Chudziński, Ewa Jakubowska, Anna Duda-Sobczak
INTRODUCTION    Olfactory function is impaired in patients with type 1 diabetes and can be recognized as a form of diabetic neuropathy. Physical activity has various beneficial effects on type 1 diabetes. OBJECTIVES    The aim of this study was to assess a relation between physical activity and olfactory function in patients with type 1 diabetes. PATIENTS AND METHODS    We enrolled 120 patients with type 1 diabetes referred to an outpatient diabetes clinic. Patients with diabetes duration of less than 5 years, age above 65 years, concomitant diabetic ketoacidosis, and those using drugs affecting nasal mucosa were excluded...
August 9, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817359/developing-the-storyline-for-an-advance-care-planning-video-for-surgery-patients-patient-centered-outcomes-research-engagement-from-stakeholder-summit-to-state-fair
#2
Rebecca A Aslakson, Anne L R Schuster, Thomas J Lynch, Matthew J Weiss, Lydia Gregg, Judith Miller, Sarina R Isenberg, Norah L Crossnohere, Alison M Conca-Cheng, Angelo E Volandes, Thomas J Smith, John F P Bridges
BACKGROUND: Patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR) methods and social learning theory (SLT) require intensive interaction between researchers and stakeholders. Advance care planning (ACP) is valuable before major surgery, but a systematic review found no extant perioperative ACP tools. Consequently, PCOR methods and SLT can inform the development of an ACP educational video for patients and families preparing for major surgery. OBJECTIVE: The objective is to develop and test acceptability of an ACP video storyline...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815562/treadmill-training-and-body-weight-support-for-walking-after-stroke
#3
REVIEW
Jan Mehrholz, Simone Thomas, Bernhard Elsner
BACKGROUND: Treadmill training, with or without body weight support using a harness, is used in rehabilitation and might help to improve walking after stroke. This is an update of the Cochrane review first published in 2003 and updated in 2005 and 2014. OBJECTIVES: To determine if treadmill training and body weight support, individually or in combination, improve walking ability, quality of life, activities of daily living, dependency or death, and institutionalisation or death, compared with other physiotherapy gait-training interventions after stroke...
August 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807040/management-of-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-emergency-departments-from-bleeding-symptoms-to-diagnosis-a-prospective-multicenter-observational-study
#4
Pierre-Clément Thiebaud, Youri Yordanov, Jacques-Emmanuel Galimard, Pierre-Alexis Raynal, Sébastien Beaune, Laurent Jacquin, François-Xavier Ageron, Dominique Pateron
BACKGROUND: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGB) is common in emergency departments (EDs) and can be caused by many eso-gastro-duodenal lesions. Most available epidemiological data and data on the management of UGB comes from specialized departments (intensive care units or gastroenterology departments), but little is known from the ED perspective. We aimed to determine the distribution of symptoms revealing UGB in EDs and the hemorrhagic lesions identified by endoscopy. We also describe the characteristics of patients consulting for UGB, UGB management in the ED and patients outcomes...
August 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800865/contemporary-reviews-in-critical-care-medicine-anaphylaxis
#5
REVIEW
Daniel LoVerde, Onyinye I Iweala, Ariana Eginli, Guha Krishnaswamy
Anaphylaxis is a systemic, life threatening disorder triggered by mediators released by mast cells and basophils activated via allergic (IgE-mediated) or non-allergic (non-IgE-mediated) mechanisms. It is a rapidly evolving, multisystem process involving the integumentary, pulmonary, gastrointestinal and cardiovascular systems. Anaphylaxis and angioedema are serious disorders that can lead to fatal airway obstruction and culminate in cardiorespiratory arrest resulting in hypoxemia and/or shock. Often, these disorders can be appropriately managed in an outpatient setting...
August 8, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799452/syncope-current-knowledge-uncertainties-and-strategies-for-management-optimisation-in-the-emergency-department
#6
Filippo Numeroso, Gianluigi Mossini, Giuseppe Lippi, Gianfranco Cervellin
Admission rates and expenditures for syncope remain high. This unsatisfactory management could be due to several factors, including lack of evidence-based strategy, poor accuracy of clinical decision rules, difficulty in disseminating guidelines, as well as uncertainties concerning management of intermediate-risk patients and role of observation protocols and syncope units. To optimise management, it has been proposed to adopt a pragmatic, symptoms-based definition of syncope and a classification related to the underlying mechanism rather than suspected aetiology...
August 11, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796559/improvements-in-patient-and-health-system-outcomes-using-an-integrated-oncology-and-palliative-medicine-approach-on-a-solid-tumor-inpatient-service
#7
Richard F Riedel, Kim Slusser, Steve Power, Christopher A Jones, Thomas W LeBlanc, Arif H Kamal, Devi Desai, Deborah Allen, Yinxi Yu, Steven Wolf, Anthony N Galanos
PURPOSE: Early palliative care (PC) improves outcomes for outpatients with advanced cancer. Its effect on hospitalized patients with cancer is unknown. Herein, we report on the influence of a novel, fully integrated inpatient medical oncology and PC partnership at a tertiary medical center during its first year of implementation. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, longitudinal, pre- and postintervention cohort study at Duke University Hospital. Pre- and postintervention cohorts were defined as all patients admitted to the solid tumor inpatient service from September 1, 2009, to June 30, 2010, and September 1, 2011 to June 30, 2012, respectively...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789822/analysis-of-follow-up-data-from-an-outpatient-pain-management-program-for-refractory-chronic-pain
#8
Masayuki Inoue, Tatsunori Ikemoto, Shinsuke Inoue, Masatoshi Nakata, Makoto Nishihara, Young-Chang P Arai, Hirofumi Miyagawa, Kazuhiro Shimo, Hiroki Iida, Tomomi Hasegawa, Toshiko Wakabayashi, Hiroki Sakurai, Yoshinobu Hasegawa, Keiko Owari, Noboru Hatakeyama, Takahiro Ushida
BACKGROUND: Numerous reports indicate that multifaceted pain management programs based on cognitive-behavioral principles are associated with clinically meaningful long-term improvements in chronic pain. However, this has not yet been investigated in Japan. This study investigated the effects of a multifaceted pain management program in Japanese patients with chronic pain, both immediately after the program and 6 months thereafter. METHODS: A total of 96 patients, 37 male and 59 female (mean age 63...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781821/usefulness-of-a-pharmacist-outpatient-service-for-s-1-adjuvant-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-gastric-cancer
#9
Michio Kimura, Makiko Go, Mina Iwai, Eiseki Usami, Hitomi Teramachi, Tomoaki Yoshimura
S-1 adjuvant chemotherapy is an outpatient treatment for gastric cancer. To evaluate the role of the pharmacist outpatient service in increasing medication adherence and reducing adverse events associated with S-1, the present study retrospectively analyzed prescription recommendations from pharmacists to physicians and the persistence rate of S-1 adjuvant chemotherapy use in patients with gastric cancer. A total of 40 subjects who utilized the pharmacist outpatient service between November 2014 and March 2016 comprised the pharmacist group; and 94 patients who underwent S-1 adjuvant chemotherapy for gastric cancer between September 2012 and October 2014, but not as pharmacist outpatients, comprised the control group...
September 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769990/altered-activation-state-of-circulating-neutrophils-in-patients-with-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration
#10
Marie Krogh Nielsen, Sven Magnus Hector, Kelly Allen, Yousif Subhi, Torben Lykke Sørensen
BACKGROUND: Neutrophil dysfunction plays a key role in the development of diseases characterized by inflammation and angiogenesis. Here, we studied the systemic expression of neutrophil markers reflecting activation, adhesion, and resolution of inflammation in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). RESULTS: This was a prospective case-control study of patients with neovascular AMD and age-matched healthy control individuals. Patients were recruited from an outpatient program, and control individuals were recruited amongst patients' relatives...
2017: Immunity & Ageing: I & A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767338/intensive-evening-outpatient-treatment-for-patients-with-personality-dysfunction-early-group-process-change-in-interpersonal-distress-and-longer-term-social-functioning
#11
Anthony S Joyce, John S Ogrodniczuk, David Kealy
OBJECTIVE: Entrenched interpersonal difficulties are a defining feature of those with personality dysfunction. Evening treatment-a comprehensive and intensive group-oriented outpatient therapy program-offers a unique approach to delivering mental health services to patients with chronic personality dysfunction. This study assessed change in interpersonal problems as a key outcome, the relevance of such change to future social functioning, and the influence of early group processes on this change...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766482/self-reported-adherence-to-capecitabine-on-xelox-treatment-as-adjuvant-therapy-for-colorectal-cancer
#12
Kazuyoshi Kawakami, Takashi Yokokawa, Kazuo Sugita, Takahito Sugisaki, Kenichi Suzuki, Mitsukuni Suenaga, Kensei Yamaguchi, Ayaka Inoue, Yoshiaki Machida, Toshiharu Yamaguchi, Toshihiro Hama
Adherence has become an important issue in modern oncology treatment. Most studies have included heterogeneous target tumor types, regimens, and therapy settings. Our study focused on capecitabine during capecitabine plus oxaliplatin (XELOX) treatment as adjuvant therapy for colorectal cancer. The main aim of this study was to evaluate real-life adherence to capecitabine and to investigate candidate factors that might decrease adherence. We studied 338 consecutive patients who received XELOX treatment between December 1, 2011 and April 30, 2015 at the Cancer Institute Hospital of the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research...
August 1, 2017: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762860/intensive-strength-and-balance-training-with-the-kinect-console-xbox-360-in-a-patient-with-cmt1a
#13
Emanuela Pagliano, Maria Foscan, Alessia Marchi, Alice Corlatti, Giorgia Aprile, Daria Riva
BACKGROUND: Effective drugs for type 1A Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT1A) disease are not available. Various forms of moderate exercise are beneficial, but few data are available on the effectiveness of exercise in CMT1A children. AIM: To investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of exercises to improve ankle strength and limb function in a child with CMT1A. SETTING: Outpatient clinic. POPULATION: Nine-year-old boy with CMT1A...
August 1, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761680/nurse-coordinated-care-improves-the-achievement-of-ldl-cholesterol-targets-through-more-intensive-medication-titration
#14
Marjolein Snaterse, Harald T Jorstad, Marlies Heiligenberg, Gerben Ter Riet, S Matthijs Boekholdt, Wilma Scholte Op Reimer, Ron J Peters
BACKGROUND: Nurse-coordinated care (NCC) improves the achievement of low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) targets after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We hypothesised that NCC improves achievement of LDL-C targets through more intensive medication titration. METHODS: We used data from Randomised Evaluation of Secondary Prevention by Outpatient Nurse Specialists (RESPONSE), a multicentre randomised trial on the efficacy of NCC in 754 ACS patients. Follow-up data were collected at 6 and 12 months...
2017: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760305/treatment-choices-a-quality-of-life-comparison-in-acute-myeloid-leukemia-and-high-risk-myelodysplastic-syndrome
#15
Sara M Tinsley, Steven K Sutton, Ram Thapa, Jeffrey Lancet, Susan C McMillan
BACKGROUND: In the present exploratory, observational study, we compared the effect of intensive versus nonintensive treatment on quality of life for patients aged ≥ 60 years diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia or high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome at 1 month after treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 73 patients with acute myeloid leukemia or high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome who had been treated at the inpatient and outpatient malignant hematology at Moffitt Cancer Center, a National Cancer Institute-designated comprehensive cancer center, were included...
July 2017: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760151/pureair-protocol-randomized-controlled-trial-of-intensive-pulmonary-rehabilitation-versus-standard-care-in-patients-undergoing-surgical-resection-for-lung-cancer
#16
Stefania Fugazzaro, Stefania Costi, Carlotta Mainini, Besa Kopliku, Cristian Rapicetta, Roberto Piro, Roberta Bardelli, Patricia Filipa Sobral Rebelo, Carla Galeone, Giorgio Sgarbi, Filippo Lococo, Massimiliano Paci, Tommaso Ricchetti, Silvio Cavuto, Domenico Franco Merlo, Sara Tenconi
BACKGROUND: Non-small cell lung cancer is the most common type of lung cancer. Surgery is proven to be the most effective treatment in early stages, despite its potential impact on quality of life. Pulmonary rehabilitation, either before or after surgery, is associated with reduced morbidity related symptoms and improved exercise capacity, lung function and quality of life. METHODS: We describe the study protocol for the open-label randomized controlled trial we are conducting on patients affected by primary lung cancer (stages I-II) eligible for surgical treatment...
July 31, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758698/patients-with-established-cancer-cachexia-lack-the-motivation-and-self-efficacy-to-undertake-regular-structured-exercise
#17
David Wasley, Nichola Gale, Sioned Roberts, Karianne Backx, Annmarie Nelson, Robert van Deursen, Anthony Byrne
OBJECTIVES: Patients with advanced cancer frequently suffer a decline in activities associated with involuntary loss of weight and muscle mass (cachexia). This can profoundly affect function and quality of life. Although exercise participation can maintain physical and psychological function in patients with cancer, uptake is low in cachectic patients who are underrepresented in exercise studies. To understand how such patients' experiences are associated with exercise participation we investigated exercise history, self-confidence and exercise motivations in patients with established cancer cachexia, and relationships between relevant variables...
July 31, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753193/gender-difference-in-cancer-patients-adherence-to-analgesics-and-related-outcomes-of-pain-management
#18
Pi-Ling Chou, Su-Ying Fang, Jia-Ling Sun, Kun-Ming Rau, Bih-O Lee
BACKGROUND: Males and females have significant differences in certain medical outcomes. However, little research has explored the gender differences in cancer patient perceptions of analgesics, the relationship between gender and analgesic adherence, or the effectiveness of pain management. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to compare gender differences associated with hesitancy to use analgesics, analgesic adherence, or pain management effectiveness and to examine whether gender can precisely predict analgesic adherence...
July 27, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750504/does-myofascial-and-trigger-point-treatment-reduce-pain-and-analgesic-intake-in-patients-undergoing-onabotulinumtoxina-injection-due-to-chronic-intractable-migraine-a-pilot-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Marialuisa Gandolfi, Christian Geroin, Nicola Valè, Fabio Marchioretto, Andrea Turrina, Eleonora Dimitrova, Stefano Tamburin, Anna Serina, Paola Castellazzi, Andrea Meschieri, François Ricard, Leopold Saltuari, Alessandro Picelli, Nicola Smania
BACKGROUND: Chronic migraine is a disabling disorder associated with myofascial and trigger point disorders in the neck. Pharmacological management is the first line of treatment; however, rehabilitation procedures aimed at lessening symptoms of myofascial and trigger point disorders may add value in the management of headache symptoms. AIM: To evaluate the feasibility of myofascial and trigger point treatment in chronic migraine patients receiving prophylactic treatment with onabotulinumtoxinA...
July 27, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750476/haematuria-work-up-in-general-care-a-german-observational-study
#20
Andreas Eisenhardt, Daniel Heinemann, Herbert Rübben, Jochen Heß
BACKGROUND: Haematuria is a common finding in the population and the diagnostic workflow of this symptom represents a large proportion of "work-load" in the urological outpatient clinic. AIMS: The intention of this study was to verify if the intensive diagnostic procedures of haematuria patients is justified by detection of a significant proportion of genito-urinary tract cancers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective design 1049 consecutive patients, who presented themselves with macro- or microhaematuria in the outpatient clinic PURR in the time from 2011 to 2012, were included in the study and the diagnostic procedures including ultrasound, intravenous urography, computed tomography of the abdomen and urethrocystoscopy as well as therapeutic consequences with its results were analysed...
July 27, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
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