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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226336/educational-outreach-to-opioid-prescribers-the-case-for-academic-detailing
#1
Margot Trotter Davis, Brian Bateman, Jerry Avorn
Nonmedical use of opioid medications constitutes a serious health threat as the rates of addiction, overdoses, and deaths have risen in recent years. Increasingly, inappropriate and excessively liberal prescribing of opioids by physicians is understood to be a central part of the crisis. Public health officials, hospital systems, and legislators are developing programs and regulations to address the problem in sustained and systematic ways that both insures effective treatment of pain and appropriate limits on the availability of opioids...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210864/pharmacy-benefit-management-companies-do-they-create-value-in-the-us-healthcare-system
#2
Alan Lyles
Pharmacy benefit management companies (PBMs) perform functions in the US market-based healthcare system that may be performed by public agencies or quasi-public institutions in other nations. By aggregating lives covered under their many individual contracts with payers, PBMs have formidable negotiating power. They influence pharmaceutical insurance coverage, design the terms of coverage in a plan's drug benefit, and create competition among providers for inclusion in a plan's network. PBMs have, through intermediation, the potential to secure lower drug prices and to improve rational prescribing...
February 16, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161669/impact-of-health-financing-policies-in-cambodia-a-20-year-experience
#3
Tim Ensor, Chhim Chhun, Ton Kimsun, Barbara McPake, Ijeoma Edoka
Improving financial access to services is an essential part of extending universal health coverage in low resource settings. In Cambodia, high out of pocket spending and low levels of utilisation have impeded the expansion of coverage and improvement in health outcomes. For twenty years a series of health financing policies have focused on mitigating costs to increase access particularly by vulnerable groups. Demand side financing policies including health equity funds, vouchers and community health insurance have been complemented by supply side measures to improve service delivery incentives through contracting...
January 26, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155766/-contribution-of-the-bruche-valley-district-planning-authority
#4
Eric Muziotti
<ce:para>The Bruche Valley (composed of 26 municipalities and 22,000 inhabitants) is a medium-altitude, rural territory situated in Alsace, France. For more than 40 years, this territory has developed a intercommunal cooperation and local development approach. The district planning authority is a recognised coordinator of public health actions in the region. All of these actions are defined by a special contract called “Contrat local de santé” (CLS), signed by the State, the district planning authority and numerous collaborators including health care insurance funds and local health facility group managers...
December 19, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152999/a-participatory-supportive-return-to-work-program-for-workers-without-an-employment-contract-sick-listed-due-to-a-common-mental-disorder-an-economic-evaluation-alongside-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Lieke Lammerts, Johanna M van Dongen, Frederieke G Schaafsma, Willem van Mechelen, Johannes R Anema
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders are associated with high costs for productivity loss, sickness absence and unemployment. A participatory supportive return to work (RTW) program was developed in order to improve RTW among workers without an employment contract, sick-listed due to a common mental disorder. The program contained a participatory approach, integrated care and direct placement in a competitive job. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness and cost-utility of this new program, compared to usual care...
February 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139461/slovakia-health-system-review
#6
Martin Smatana, Peter Pazitny, Daniela Kandilaki, Michaela Laktisova, Darina Sedlakova, Monika Paluskova, Ewout van Ginneken, Anne Spranger
This analysis of the Slovak health system reviews recent developments in organization and governance, health financing, health-care provision, health reforms and health system performance. The health care system in Slovakia is based on universal coverage, compulsory health insurance, a basic benefit package and a competitive insurance model with selective contracting of health care providers. Containment of health spending became a major policy goal after the 2008 financial crisis. Health spending stabilized after 2010 but remains well below European averages...
November 2016: Health Systems in Transition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135899/insulin-use-increases-risk-of-asthma-but-metformin-use-reduces-the-risk-in-patients-with-diabetes-in-a-taiwanese-population-cohort
#7
Chiung-Zuei Chen, Chih-Hui Hsu, Chung-Yi Li, Tzuen-Ren Hsiue
objective -Recent reports have suggested that insulin promotes airway smooth muscle contraction and enhances airway hyperresponsiveness, which are cardinal features of asthma. In contrast, metformin can reduce both airway inflammatory and remodeling properties. However, these results are all from in vitro and animal studies. This study investigated whether diabetes and various antidiabetic agents associate with the risk of asthma. methods -We used a retrospective population-based cohort study using Taiwan's National Health Insurance claim database from 2000 to 2010 and a Cox proportional hazards regression model to compare the incidence of asthma between patients with diabetes (n = 19,428) and a matched non-diabetic group (n = 38,856)...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086976/impact-of-a-tailored-program-on-the-implementation-of-evidence-based-recommendations-for-multimorbid-patients-with-polypharmacy-in-primary-care-practices-results-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Cornelia Jäger, Tobias Freund, Jost Steinhäuser, Christian Stock, Johannes Krisam, Petra Kaufmann-Kolle, Michel Wensing, Joachim Szecsenyi
BACKGROUND: Multimorbid patients receiving polypharmacy represent a growing population at high risk for negative health outcomes. Tailoring is an approach of systematic intervention development taking account of previously identified determinants of practice. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a tailored program to improve the implementation of three important processes of care for this patient group: (a) structured medication counseling including brown bag reviews, (b) the use of medication lists, and (c) structured medication reviews to reduce potentially inappropriate medication...
January 13, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072896/the-medical-home-machine
#9
Joey Berlin
Practices that achieve patient-centered medical home (PCMH) status could realize reduced costs and incentive payments from insurance payers if they see the value in contracting with a PCMH.
January 1, 2017: Texas Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048634/tu-h-brb-01-physics-and-dosimetry-for-radiation-countermeasure-research
#10
J Bourland
: The US government has substantial research and development activities underway for medical countermeasures that will insure the long-term safety and survival of the country's population after unfortunate large-scale biological, chemical and radiological and nuclear events. Preparedness includes research and development of medical countermeasures to address radiation-induced cutaneous and internal injury from radiation and nuclear events as well as for minimizing radiation risks incurred during and after travel in space...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048539/tu-h-brb-04-radiation-countermeasures-and-the-nci-radiation-research-program
#11
P Prasanna
: The US government has substantial research and development activities underway for medical countermeasures that will insure the long-term safety and survival of the country's population after unfortunate large-scale biological, chemical and radiological and nuclear events. Preparedness includes research and development of medical countermeasures to address radiation-induced cutaneous and internal injury from radiation and nuclear events as well as for minimizing radiation risks incurred during and after travel in space...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047970/tu-h-brb-02-the-niaid-radiation-nuclear-medical-countermeasures-program
#12
L Taliaferro
: The US government has substantial research and development activities underway for medical countermeasures that will insure the long-term safety and survival of the country's population after unfortunate large-scale biological, chemical and radiological and nuclear events. Preparedness includes research and development of medical countermeasures to address radiation-induced cutaneous and internal injury from radiation and nuclear events as well as for minimizing radiation risks incurred during and after travel in space...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047879/tu-h-brb-05-radiation-countermeasures-and-the-nasa-space-radiation-program
#13
J Huff
: The US government has substantial research and development activities underway for medical countermeasures that will insure the long-term safety and survival of the country's population after unfortunate large-scale biological, chemical and radiological and nuclear events. Preparedness includes research and development of medical countermeasures to address radiation-induced cutaneous and internal injury from radiation and nuclear events as well as for minimizing radiation risks incurred during and after travel in space...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046580/tu-h-brb-00-radiation-countermeasures-research-and-development
#14
J Daniel
: The US government has substantial research and development activities underway for medical countermeasures that will insure the long-term safety and survival of the country's population after unfortunate large-scale biological, chemical and radiological and nuclear events. Preparedness includes research and development of medical countermeasures to address radiation-induced cutaneous and internal injury from radiation and nuclear events as well as for minimizing radiation risks incurred during and after travel in space...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046476/tu-h-brb-03-the-barda-chemical-radiological-nuclear-countermeasures-effort
#15
T Hu
: The US government has substantial research and development activities underway for medical countermeasures that will insure the long-term safety and survival of the country's population after unfortunate large-scale biological, chemical and radiological and nuclear events. Preparedness includes research and development of medical countermeasures to address radiation-induced cutaneous and internal injury from radiation and nuclear events as well as for minimizing radiation risks incurred during and after travel in space...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025919/amcp-partnership-forum-enabling-the-exchange-of-clinical-and-economic-information-pre-fda-approval
#16
(no author information available yet)
: Current federal laws and FDA regulations have significantly restricted the sharing of clinical and health economic information on biopharmaceuticals that have yet to receive FDA approval. Over the past several years, organizations that make health care coverage decisions, including those that set copayments, premiums, and formulary placement, have expressed a need for receiving this information before approval, as long as appropriate safeguards exist to prevent this information from reaching unintended entities...
January 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987628/arbitration-board-setting-reimbursement-amounts-for-pharmaceutical-innovations-in-germany-when-price-negations-between-payers-and-manufacturers-fail-an-empirical-analysis-of-5-years-experience
#17
Saskia Ludwig, Charalabos-Markos Dintsios
BACKGROUND: In Germany, an arbitration board is setting reimbursement amounts for drug innovations when price negations between payers and manufacturers fail. OBJECTIVE: To empirically analyze all arbitrations since the reform of Germany's Act to Reorganize the Pharmaceuticals' Market in the Statutory Health Insurance System came into effect. METHODS: All available relevant documents up to January 2016 were screened and the identified contentious issues between the negotiation parties extracted...
December 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968877/health-status-and-migration-a-propensity-score-matching-with-difference-in-difference-regression-approach
#18
Liming Lu, Xiao Gong, Jingchun Zeng
BACKGROUND: By 2014, about 253 million Chinese migrants had left their rural hometowns and were working in cities. The effect of migration on health is unclear, since it is affected by changes in environments and behaviours over the course of migration. Furthermore, previous studies have not thoroughly considered the "healthy migrant hypothesis" (that is, healthy people are more conducive to migrate). This paper strives to explore the potential mechanisms of migration and health over two successive years to provide a useful reference point for health policy targeted at migrants...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956096/policies-towards-hospital-and-gp-competition-in-five-european-countries
#19
Luigi Siciliani, Martin Chalkley, Hugh Gravelle
This study provides an overview of policies affecting competition amongst hospitals and GPs in five European countries: France, Germany, Netherlands, Norway and Portugal. Drawing on the policies and empirical evidence described in five case studies, we find both similarities and differences in the approaches adopted. Constraints on patients' choices of provider have been relaxed but countries differ in the amount and type of information that is provided in the public domain. Hospitals are increasingly paid via fixed prices per patient to encourage them to compete on quality but prices are set in different ways across countries...
February 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923494/competition-policy-for-health-care-provision-in-the-netherlands
#20
Frederik T Schut, Marco Varkevisser
In the Netherlands in 2006 a major health care reform was introduced, aimed at reinforcing regulated competition in the health care sector. Health insurers were provided with strong incentives to compete and more room to negotiate and selectively contract with health care providers. Nevertheless, the bargaining position of health insurers vis-à-vis both GPs and hospitals is still relatively weak. GPs are very well organized in a powerful national interest association (LHV) and effectively exploit the long-standing trust relationship with their patients...
February 2017: Health Policy
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