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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932910/ascidiacea-chordata-tunicata-of-greece-an-updated-checklist
#1
Chryssanthi Antoniadou, Vasilis Gerovasileiou, Nicolas Bailly
BACKGROUND: The checklist of the ascidian fauna (Tunicata: Ascidiacea) of Greece was compiled within the framework of the Greek Taxon Information System (GTIS), an application of the LifeWatchGreece Research Infrastructure (ESFRI) aiming to produce a complete checklist of species recorded from Greece. This checklist was constructed by updating an existing one with the inclusion of recently published records. All the reported species from Greek waters were taxonomically revised and cross-checked with the Ascidiacea World Database...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932905/macrofaunal-assemblages-associated-with-the-sponge-sarcotragus-foetidus-schmidt-1862-porifera-demospongiae-at-the-coasts-of-cyprus-and-greece
#2
Christina Pavloudi, Magdalini Christodoulou, Michalis Mavidis
BACKGROUND: This paper describes a dataset of macrofaunal organisms associated with the sponge Sarcotragus foetidus Schmidt, 1862, collected by scuba diving from two sampling sites: one in Greece (North Aegean Sea) and one in Cyprus (Levantine Sea). NEW INFORMATION: This dataset includes macrofaunal taxa inhabiting the demosponge Sarcotragus foetidus and contributes to the ongoing efforts of the Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) which aims at filling the gaps in our current knowledge of the world's oceans...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932903/porifera-of-greece-an-updated-checklist
#3
Eleni Voultsiadou, Vasilis Gerovasileiou, Nicolas Bailly
BACKGROUND: The checklist of Porifera of Greece was created in the framework of the Greek Taxon Information System (GTIS), an initiative of the LifeWatchGreece Research Infrastructure (ESFRI) that has resumed efforts to compile a complete checklist of species recorded from Greece. An updated checklist of Porifera was created on the basis of a list of the Aegean Demospongiae and Homoscleromorpha published one decade ago. All records of species known to occur in Greek waters were taxonomically validated and cross-checked for possible inaccuracies and omissions...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932603/poststroke-depression-a-scientific-statement-for-healthcare-professionals-from-the-american-heart-association-american-stroke-association
#4
Amytis Towfighi, Bruce Ovbiagele, Nada El Husseini, Maree L Hackett, Ricardo E Jorge, Brett M Kissela, Pamela H Mitchell, Lesli E Skolarus, Mary A Whooley, Linda S Williams
Poststroke depression (PSD) is common, affecting approximately one third of stroke survivors at any one time after stroke. Individuals with PSD are at a higher risk for suboptimal recovery, recurrent vascular events, poor quality of life, and mortality. Although PSD is prevalent, uncertainty remains regarding predisposing risk factors and optimal strategies for prevention and treatment. This is the first scientific statement from the American Heart Association on the topic of PSD. Members of the writing group were appointed by the American Heart Association Stroke Council's Scientific Statements Oversight Committee and the American Heart Association's Manuscript Oversight Committee...
December 8, 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932547/practice-to-evidence-using-evaluability-assessment-to-generate-practice-based-evidence-in-rural-south-georgia
#5
Sally Honeycutt, April Hermstad, Michelle L Carvalho, Kimberly R Jacob Arriola, Denise Ballard, Cam Escoffery, Michelle C Kegler
Evidence from formal evaluation of real-world practice can address gaps in the public health knowledge base and provide information about feasible, relevant strategies for varied settings. Interest in evaluability assessment (EA) as an approach for generating practice-based evidence has grown. EA has been central to several structured assessment processes that identify and select promising programs and evaluate those most likely to produce useful findings. The Emory Prevention Research Center used EA as part of an initiative to generate practice-based evidence for cancer prevention in southwest Georgia...
December 7, 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932399/novel-hybrid-phenotype-revealed-in-small-cell-lung-cancer-by-a-transcription-factor-network-model-that-can-explain-tumor-heterogeneity
#6
Akshata R Udyavar, David J Wooten, Megan D Hoeksema, Mukesh Bansal, Andrea Califano, Lourdes Estrada, Santiago Schnell, Jonathan M Irish, Pierre P Massion, Vito Quaranta
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is a devastating disease due to its propensity for early invasion and refractory relapse after initial treatment response. Although these aggressive traits have been associated with phenotypic heterogeneity, our understanding of this association remains incomplete. To fill this knowledge gap, we inferred a set of 33 transcription factors (TF) associated with gene signatures of the known neuroendocrine/epithelial (NE) and non-neuroendocrine/mesenchymal-like (ML) SCLC phenotypes...
December 8, 2016: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932010/bottleneck-analysis-approach-to-accelerate-newborn-care-services-in-two-regions-in-ghana-implications-for-national-newborn-care
#7
A E Yawson, J K Awoonor-Williams, I Sagoe-Moses, P K Aboagye, A O Yawson, L K Senaya, G Bonsu, J B Eleeza, E E A Agongo, H K Banskota
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to describe application of a data-driven approach (bottleneck analysis [BNA] approach process) to accelerate newborn care services in two regions and what effect it had on national-level newborn care interventions in Ghana. STUDY DESIGN: A mixed-method approach was used for the study. The BNA tool generated quantitative data and group discussions provided phenomenological explanations to identified service gaps. METHODS: Regional newborn care health service assessments were conducted in November 2013 through desk reviews, field and health facility visits and coaching/mentorship...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931979/pilot-study-of-a-multidisciplinary-gout-patient-education-and-monitoring-program
#8
Theodore R Fields, Adam Rifaat, Arthur M F Yee, Dalit Ashany, Katherine Kim, Matthew Tobin, Nicole Oliva, Kara Fields, Monica Richey, Shanthini Kasturi, Adena Batterman
OBJECTIVE: Gout patient self-management knowledge and adherence to treatment regimens are poor. Our objective was to assess the feasibility and acceptability of a multidisciplinary team-based pilot program for the education and monitoring of gout patients. METHODS: Subjects completed a gout self-management knowledge exam, along with gout flare history and compliance questionnaires, at enrollment and at 6 and 12 months. Each exam was followed by a nursing educational intervention via a structured gout curriculum...
October 24, 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931679/extrapulmonary-tuberculosis-among-females-in-south-asia-gap-analysis
#9
Jaishri Mehraj, Zain Yar Khan, Dania Khalid Saeed, Sadia Shakoor, Rumina Hasan
The percentage of extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) among new and relapse tuberculosis cases in South Asia (Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh) ranged from 19% to 23% in 2014. While tuberculosis was reportedly more prevalent in males, a higher preponderance of EPTB was observed in females. National tuberculosis control programs are highly focused on pulmonary tuberculosis. This creates gaps in the surveillance, diagnosis, and study of EPTB among females, which is especially pronounced in the South Asian setting...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931248/postpartum-depression-and-infant-feeding-practices-in-a-low-income-urban-settlement-in-nairobi-kenya
#10
Beatrice A Madeghe, Violet N Kimani, Ann Vander Stoep, Semret Nicodimos, Manasi Kumar
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression can compromise caregiving activities, including infant feeding practices, resulting in child malnutrition. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of postpartum depression on infant feeding practices and malnutrition among women in an urban low income settlement in Nairobi-Kenya. We conducted a cross-sectional study based in Kariobangi North Health Centre in Nairobi County. The study sample included 200 mother-infant pairs visiting the Maternal and Child Health clinics for infant immunization at 6-14 weeks postpartum...
December 8, 2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931191/experiences-of-health-care-in-women-with-peripartum-cardiomyopathy-in-sweden-a-qualitative-interview-study
#11
Harshida Patel, Maria Schaufelberger, Cecily Begley, Marie Berg
BACKGROUND: Peripartum cardiomyopathy is often associated with severe heart failure occurring towards the end of pregnancy or in the months following birth with debilitating, exhausting and frightening symptoms requiring person-centered care. The aim of this study was to explore women's experiences of health care while being diagnosed with peripartum cardiomyopathy. METHOD: Qualitative interviews were conducted with 19 women with peripartum cardiomyopathy in Sweden, following consent...
December 8, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930921/nursing-students-attitudes-toward-persons-who-are-aged-an-integrative-review
#12
REVIEW
Susan Hovey, Mary J Dyck, Cynthia Reese, MyoungJin Kim
OBJECTIVES: To analyze empirical studies from the United States and Canada to gain an understanding on how nursing education affects nursing students' attitudes toward persons who are aged. DESIGN: An integrative literature review was completed using Garrard's (2011) Matrix Method. DATA SOURCES: Articles were identified through the electronic database search engines of CINAHL, Pub Med, and Academic Search Complete. Only peer reviewed research articles from 2009 to 2015 were reviewed...
November 27, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930730/effects-of-recreation-on-animals-revealed-as-widespread-through-a-global-systematic-review
#13
Courtney L Larson, Sarah E Reed, Adina M Merenlender, Kevin R Crooks
Outdoor recreation is typically assumed to be compatible with biodiversity conservation and is permitted in most protected areas worldwide. However, increasing numbers of studies are discovering negative effects of recreation on animals. We conducted a systematic review of the scientific literature and analyzed 274 articles on the effects of non-consumptive recreation on animals, across all geographic areas, taxonomic groups, and recreation activities. We quantified trends in publication rates and outlets, identified knowledge gaps, and assessed evidence for effects of recreation...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928772/barriers-and-facilitators-to-healthy-lifestyle-changes-in-minority-ethnic-populations-in-the-uk-a-narrative-review
#14
Naina Patel, Harriet Batista Ferrer, Freya Tyrer, Paula Wray, Azhar Farooqi, Melanie J Davies, Kamlesh Khunti
Minority ethnic populations experience a disproportionate burden of health inequalities compared with the rest of the population, including an increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). The purpose of this narrative review was to explore knowledge and attitudes around diabetes, physical activity and diet and identify barriers and facilitators to healthy lifestyle changes in minority ethnic populations in the UK. The narrative review focused on three key research topics in relation to barriers and facilitators to healthy lifestyle changes in minority adult ethnic populations: (i) knowledge and attitudes about diabetes risk; (ii) current behaviours and knowledge about physical activity and diet; and (iii) barriers and facilitators to living a healthier lifestyle...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928491/thermally-controlling-the-singlet-triplet-energy-gap-of-a-diradical-in-the-solid-state
#15
Yuanting Su, Xingyong Wang, Lei Wang, Zaichao Zhang, Xinping Wang, You Song, Philip P Power
Diradicals, molecules with two unpaired electrons, are reactive intermediates that play an important role in many fields. Their defining feature is the energy difference between their singlet and triplet states, which provides direct information on the extent of their electron exchange interactions. Such knowledge is essential for understanding their diradical character, which is controllable internally by modification of the electronic and steric properties of the substituents. We now report that the energy gap of a diradical in the solid state can also be controlled by an external stimulus...
October 19, 2016: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927680/functional-and-antigen-specific-serum-antibody-levels-as-correlates-of-protection-against-shigellosis-in-a-controlled-human-challenge-study
#16
Avital A Shimanovich, Amanda D Buskirk, Shannon J Heine, William C Blackwelder, Rezwanul Wahid, Karen L Kotloff, Marcela F Pasetti
Shigella is an important cause of diarrheal disease in young children living in developing countries. No approved vaccines are available, and the development of vaccine candidates has been hindered, among other reasons, by the lack of firm immunological correlates of protection. To address this gap in knowledge, we established quantitative assays to measure Shigella-specific serum bactericidal (SBA) and opsonophagocytic killing antibody (OPKA) activity and investigated their potential association with protection against disease in humans...
December 7, 2016: Clinical and Vaccine Immunology: CVI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927656/hydration-education-developing-piloting-and-evaluating-a-hydration-education-package-for-general-practitioners
#17
L McCotter, P Douglas, C Laur, J Gandy, L Fitzpatrick, M Rajput-Ray, S Ray
OBJECTIVES: To (1) assess the hydration knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of doctors; (2) develop an evidence-based training package; and (3) evaluate the impact of the training package. DESIGN: Educational intervention with impact evaluation. SETTING: Cambridgeshire, UK. PARTICIPANTS: General practitioners (GPs (primary care physicians)). INTERVENTIONS: Hydration and healthcare training...
December 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925369/conventional-and-unconventional-ubiquitination-in-plant-immunity
#18
REVIEW
Bangjun Zhou, Lirong Zeng
Ubiquitination is one of the most abundant types of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in plant cells. The importance of ubiquitination in the regulation of many aspects of plant immunity has been increasingly appreciated in recent years. Most of the studies linking ubiquitination to the plant immune system, however, have been focused on the E3 ubiquitin ligases and the conventional ubiquitination that leads to degradation of the substrate proteins by the 26S proteasome. By contrast, our knowledge about the role of unconventional ubiquitination that often plays non-degradative, regulatory role remains a significant gap...
December 7, 2016: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925099/care-of-the-self-and-power-relations-female-nurses-taking-care-of-other-women
#19
Ana Renata Moura Rabelo, Kênia Lara Silva
Objective: to analyze the care of self of female nurses and the power relations established by them in the care of other women. Method: integrative review of literature published between 2005 and 2015. There were 25 publications in the sample. Results: qualitative state of the art with reference domain of a liberating perspective, based on humanization, autonomy and empowerment as a risk reduction strategy in the practice of care to women...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924978/astaxanthin-in-cardiovascular-health-and-disease-mechanisms-of-action-therapeutic-merits-and-knowledge-gaps
#20
REVIEW
Francesco Visioli, Christian Artaria
Cardiovascular disease is the main contributor to morbidity and mortality worldwide. Based on its unique chemical features, the xanthophyll carotenoid astaxanthin is being proposed as a suitable preventive and therapeutic agent in cardiovascular disease. This review focuses on recent advances in astaxanthin research relevant to cardiovascular health and disease, i.e. its direct antioxidant, indirect antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-hypertensive, anti-diabetic, renoprotective, lipid-lowering and anti-atherosclerotic activities in vitro and in vivo...
December 7, 2016: Food & Function
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