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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644432/dental-implant-treatment-for-renal-failure-patients-on-dialysis-a-clinical-guideline
#1
REVIEW
Quan Yuan, Qiu-Chan Xiong, Megha Gupta, Rosa María López-Pintor, Xiao-Lei Chen, Dutmanee Seriwatanachai, Michael Densmore, Yi Man, Ping Gong
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide public health problem that is growing in prevalence and is associated with severe complications. During the progression of the disease, a majority of CKD patients suffer oral complications. Dental implants are currently the most reliable and successful treatment for missing teeth. However, due to complications of CKD such as infections, bone lesions, bleeding risks, and altered drug metabolism, dental implant treatment for renal failure patients on dialysis is more challenging...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644050/hba1c-analysis-by-capillary-electrophoresis-comparison-with-chromatography-and-an-immunological-method
#2
Olav Klingenberg, Torill Furuset, Camilla R Hestbråten, Marit H Hallberg, Astrid Steiro, Iren R Orset, Jens P Berg
BACKGROUND: Haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) has become an even more important analyte for clinical laboratories during recent years with the introduction of its diagnostic use for diabetes mellitus. Several different analytical principles can be used, each with their advantages and disadvantages. AIM: We wanted to compare Sebia Capillarys 2 Flex Piercing (Capillarys) with our routine HbA1c methods, which were an HPLC method (Tosoh G7) and an immunoassay (Tina-Quant on Roche Modular P) by analysing a large clinical material...
June 23, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643860/subcutaneous-defibrillators-for-dialysis-patients
#3
REVIEW
Tushar J Vachharajani, Loay Salman, Eric J Costanzo, Sushil K Mehandru, Mayurkumar Patel, Dawn M Calderon, Roy O Mathew, Mandeep S Sidhu, Arif Asif
Defibrillation can be successfully provided by the subcutaneous implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) without the leads. In contrast, traditional ICDs require leads that can cause central venous stenosis, lead-induced endocarditis, and carry the risk of tricuspid regurgitation by valve adhesion, perforation, coaptation interference, or entanglement. Central venous stenosis, infection, and tricuspid regurgitation are all critically important considerations in hemodialysis patients. Recent reports are supporting the use of subcutaneous ICDs in renal patients maintained on long-term hemodialysis...
June 23, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643678/prevalence-of-factors-related-to-vascular-calcifications-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-on-dialysis
#4
Guillermo Rosa-Diez, Griselda Bratti, Graciela Filannino, Adriana Peñalba, Fabián Otreras, Miriam Ledesma, Martín Ortemberg, Gustavo Laham, Mariana Vásquez-Durand, Soledad Crucelegui, Mariano Forrester, Carlos Musso, Marcelo Orias, Ricardo Heguilen, Carlos Díaz, Ricardo García-Mónaco, Oscar Velan, Hernán Trimarchi
The main aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of vascular calcifications in patients with chronic kidney disease on dialysis in our population assessed by X-ray. The secondary objectives were to determine the cardiovascular risk factors associated with the presence of vascular calcifications and to evaluate the complementary use of the echocardiogram in a cross-sectional, observational, multicentric study. We included patients with chronic kidney disease on dialysis, age =18 years with at least 3 months of renal replacement therapy in 8 dialysis centres in Argentina...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643486/comparison-of-intact-pth-and-bio-intact-pth-assays-among-non-dialysis-dependent-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#5
Yael Einbinder, Sydney Benchetrit, Eliezer Golan, Tali Zitman-Gal
BACKGROUND: The third-generation bio-intact parathyroid hormone (PTH) (1-84) assay was designed to overcome problems associated with the detection of C-terminal fragments by the second-generation intact PTH assay. The two assays have been compared primarily among dialysis populations. The present study evaluated the correlations and differences between these two PTH assays among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 3 to 5 not yet on dialysis. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 98 patients with CKD stages 3 to 5...
September 2017: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643119/home-based-versus-center-based-aerobic-exercise-on-cardiopulmonary-performance-physical-function-quality-of-life-and-quality-of-sleep-of-overweight-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#6
Danilo Takashi Aoike, Flavia Baria, Maria Ayako Kamimura, Adriano Ammirati, Lilian Cuppari
BACKGROUND: The association between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and obesity can decrease the patients' cardiopulmonary capacity, physical functioning and quality of life. The search for effective and practical alternative methods of exercise to engage patients in training programs is of great importance. Therefore, we aimed to compare the effects of home-based versus center-based aerobic exercise on the cardiopulmonary and functional capacities, quality of life and quality of sleep of overweight non-dialysis-dependent patients with CKD (NDD-CKD)...
June 22, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642998/plastic-bronchitis-a-rare-complication-of-long-term-haemodialysis-catheter-placement-in-a-child
#7
Simon Carter, Dayna van de Hoef, Michael Temple, Elizabeth Harvey, Suhail Al-Saleh, Christoph Licht, Damien Noone
BACKGROUND: Despite peritoneal dialysis being the preferred mode of renal replacement therapy in neonates and infants, long-term haemodialysis may be necessary in a minority of patients with its attendant risks. CASE DIAGNOSIS/TREATMENT: This case identifies plastic bronchitis as a rare yet serious complication of long-term large bore vascular access when a vessel-sparing approach is not possible. CONCLUSIONS: An appropriately sized catheter should be used for the dialytic therapy required and to optimize access survival...
June 22, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642875/rapid-elimination-of-blood-alcohol-using-erythrocytes-mathematical-modeling-and-in-vitro-study
#8
Yuliya G Alexandrovich, Elena A Kosenko, Elena I Sinauridze, Sergey I Obydennyi, Igor I Kireev, Fazoil I Ataullakhanov, Yuriy G Kaminsky
Erythrocytes (RBCs) loaded with alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALD) can metabolize plasma ethanol and acetaldehyde but with low efficiency. We investigated the rate-limiting factors in ethanol oxidation by these enzymes loaded into RBCs. Mathematical modeling and in vitro experiments on human RBCs loaded simultaneously with ADH and ALD (by hypoosmotic dialysis) were performed. The simulation showed that the rate of nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)) generation in RBC glycolysis, but not the activities of the loaded enzymes, is the rate-limiting step in external ethanol oxidation...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640530/how-does-age-affect-the-outcome-of-kidney-transplantation-in-elderly-recipients
#9
Flavia Neri, Lucrezia Furian, Francesco Cavallin, Matteo Ravaioli, Cristina Silvestre, Paola Donato, Gaetano La Manna, Antonio Daniele Pinna, Paolo Rigotti
The aging of the on-dialysis population raises the issue of whether to propose elderly patients for kidney transplantation and how to manage their immunosuppression. This study aims to analyze the outcome of kidney transplantation on an Italian series of elderly recipients. We included in this retrospective study all patients over 60 years, receiving a deceased-donor kidney transplantation from January 2004 to December 2014 in two north Italian Centers. We analyzed the correlation of recipient age with graft's and patient's survival, delayed graft function (DGF), acute cellular rejection (ACR), surgical complications, infections and glomerular filtration rate (GFR)...
June 22, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640481/using-analytic-morphomics-to-describe-body-composition-associated-with-post-kidney-transplantation-diabetes-mellitus
#10
David C Cron, Kelly A Noon, Devan R Cote, Michael N Terjimanian, Joshua J Augustine, Stewart C Wang, Michael J Englesbe, Kenneth J Woodside
BACKGROUND: Better risk assessment tools are needed to predict post-transplantation diabetes mellitus (PTDM). Using analytic morphomic measurements from computed tomography (CT) scans, we aimed to identify specific measures of body composition associated with PTDM. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 99 non-diabetic kidney transplant recipients who received pre-transplant CT scans at a single institution between 1/2005 and 5/2014. Analytic morphomic techniques were used to measure abdominal adiposity, abdominal size, and psoas muscle area and density, standardized by gender...
June 22, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639916/benefits-of-long-versus-short-thrombolysis-times-for-acutely-thrombosed-hemodialysis-native-fistulas
#11
Susanne Regus, Werner Lang, Marco Heinz, Michael Uder, Axel Schmid
INTRODUCTION: Local thrombolysis with a time of exposure to recombinant tissue plasminogen activator of 15 to 150 minutes is commonly used to declot acutely thrombosed hemodialysis fistulas. The duration of thrombolysis for the restoration of arteriovenous blood flow remains controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the outcomes of long thrombolysis treatment (LTT, 3 hours or more) and short thrombolysis treatment (STT, less than 3 hours) in our institution. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 86 interventional declotting procedures (28 STT and 58 LTT) applied to 86 acutely thrombosed hemodialysis fistulas...
July 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638844/predictors-of-unplanned-hospitalization-in-patients-receiving-outpatient-parenteral-antimicrobial-therapy-across-a-large-integrated-healthcare-network
#12
Monica Schmidt, Bevin Hearn, Michael Gabriel, Melanie D Spencer, Lewis McCurdy
BACKGROUND: Outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) prescribing has increased along with the trend toward early discharge of hospitalized patients who have infections. There is limited literature that assesses unplanned hospitalizations during OPAT. This study aims to elucidate the predictors of unplanned hospitalization in OPAT patients after discharge from acute-care facilities within Carolinas HealthCare System (CHS). Understanding these predictors may inform future interventions to improve treatment efficacy and patient outcomes...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638613/cuff-extrusion-in-peritoneal-dialysis-single-centre-experience-with-the-cuff-shaving-procedure-in-five-patients-over-a-4-year-period
#13
Jedrzej A Debowski, Cora Wærp, Stig A Kjellevold, Sadollah Abedini
Catheter-related infections in peritoneal dialysis (PD) remain a significant complication, and some patients with recurrent exit-site (ESI) and/or tunnel infections may experience external cuff extrusion. In these cases, cuff-shaving has been described as a possible course of treatment. During a 4-year period, there were 44 patients with PD at our department; all received double-cuffed Tenckhoff catheters. Six (13%) never started on PD. Five (13%) of the 38 active PD patients experienced cuff extrusion. Causes of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) were diabetic nephropathy (n = 1), toxic nephropathy (n = 1), hypertensive nephrosclerosis (n = 1), systemic disease (n = 1) and one with unknown cause...
February 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638612/assessment-of-physical-performance-and-quality-of-life-in-kidney-transplanted-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Pasquale Esposito, Francesco Furini, Teresa Rampino, Marilena Gregorini, Lucia Petrucci, Catherine Klersy, Antonio Dal Canton, Elena Dalla Toffola
BACKGROUND: Information on physical and mental wellness in renal transplantation is limited. Therefore, we performed a cross-sectional study to evaluate and describe the different components of physical performance and quality of life (QoL) in a cohort of kidney-transplanted patients. METHODS: Physical performance and QoL were determined through the administration of validated tests and questionnaires [muscle strength, dynamometer handgrip, tactile sensitivity, visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain, Timed Up and Go (TUG) test, Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) and the 36-item Short Form Health Survey]...
February 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638609/cognitive-function-and-advanced-kidney-disease-longitudinal-trends-and-impact-on-decision-making
#15
Osasuyi Iyasere, David Okai, Edwina Brown
Background: Cognitive impairment commonly affects renal patients. But little is known about the influence of dialysis modality on cognitive trends or the influence of cognitive impairment on decision-making in renal patients. This study evaluated cognitive trends amongst chronic kidney disease (CKD), haemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. The relationship between cognitive impairment and decision-making capacity (DMC) was also assessed. Methods: Patients were recruited from three outpatient clinics...
February 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638608/the-role-of-psychological-factors-in-fatigue-among-end-stage-kidney-disease-patients-a-critical-review
#16
Federica Picariello, Rona Moss-Morris, Iain C Macdougall, And Joseph Chilcot
Fatigue is a common and debilitating symptom, affecting 42-89% of end-stage kidney disease patients, persisting even in pre-dialysis care and stable kidney transplantation, with huge repercussions on functioning, quality of life and patient outcomes. This paper presents a critical review of current evidence for the role of psychological factors in renal fatigue. To date, research has concentrated primarily on the contribution of depression, anxiety and subjective sleep quality to the experience of fatigue. These factors display consistent and strong associations with fatigue, above and beyond the role of demographic and clinical factors...
February 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638607/course-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-french-patients
#17
Nicolas Janus, Vincent Launay-Vacher, Laurent Juillard, Gilbert Deray, Thierry Hannedouche, Myriam Isnard-Rouchon, Stéphane Burtey, Philippe Vanhille, Jean-Paul Ortiz, Gérard Janin, Philippe Nicoud, Malik Touam, Maurice Laville
BACKGROUND: In 1998, a French survey showed that the referral of patients with chronic kidney disease to a nephrologist was delayed, resulting in many emergency initiations of dialysis. In 2009, the ORACLE study aimed to describe the renal course of dialysis patients from their first nephrology visit to their first dialysis session. METHODS: The ORACLE study was a multicentre retrospective study of all patients who started chronic dialysis. Data were collected at the first nephrology visit and at the first dialysis session...
February 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638605/effect-of-ethnicity-and-socioeconomic-status-on-vascular-access-provision-and-performance-in-an-urban-nhs-hospital
#18
Teun Wilmink, Anika Wijewardane, Kathryn Lee, Alexander Murley, Lee Hollingworth, Sarah Powers, Jyoti Baharani
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of ethnicity, socioeconomic group (SEG) and comorbidities on provision of vascular access for haemodialysis (HD). METHODS: This was a retrospective review of two databases of HD sessions and access operations from 2003-11. Access modality of first HD session and details of transplanted patients were derived from the renal database. Follow-up was until 1 January 2015. Primary failure (PF) was defined as an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) used for fewer than six consecutive dialysis sessions...
February 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638604/impact-of-poverty-and-race-on-pre-end-stage-renal-disease-care-among-dialysis-patients-in-the-united-states
#19
Robert Nee, Christina M Yuan, Frank P Hurst, Rahul M Jindal, Lawrence Y Agodoa, Kevin C Abbott
BACKGROUND: Access to nephrology care prior to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is significantly associated with lower rates of morbidity and mortality. We assessed the association of area-level and individual-level indicators of poverty and race/ethnicity on pre-ESRD care provided by nephrologists. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study using the US Renal Data System database, we identified 739 537 patients initiated on maintenance dialysis from 1 January 2007 through 31 December 2012...
February 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638283/relapsing-pleural-effusion-in-a-patient-on-automated-peritoneal-dialysis
#20
Abdul Hamid Alraiyes, Pichapong Tunsupon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Ochsner Journal
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