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THP-1 + inflammation

Jennifer Hennen, Brunhilde Blömeke
In vitro approaches address key steps of chemical-induced skin sensitization but there is uncertainty how keratinocytes, which play a crucial role not only regarding xenobiotic metabolism but also skin inflammation, impact on chemicals' potential and potency of dendritic cell activation. We investigated these aspects by coculturing THP-1 cells, as surrogate dendritic cells, with HaCaT keratinocytes. We tested our HaCaT/THP-1 model with a set of 14 sensitizers, containing 7 prohaptens, and 10 non-sensitizers...
October 21, 2016: ALTEX
Kuo-Hsun Chiu, Ling-Hui Wang, Tsung-Ting Tsai, Huan-Yao Lei, Pao-Chi Liao
The secreted proteins of bacteria are usually accompanied by virulence factors, which can cause inflammation and damage host cells. Identifying the secretomes arising from the interactions of bacteria and host cells could, therefore, increase understanding of the mechanisms during initial pathogenesis. The present study used a host-pathogen coculture system of Helicobacter pylori and monocytes (THP-1 cells) to investigate the secreted proteins associated with initial H. pylori pathogenesis. The secreted proteins from the conditioned media from H...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Proteome Research
Hajera Amatullah, Yuexin Shan, Brittany L Beauchamp, Patricia L Gali, Sahil Gupta, Tatiana Maron-Gutierrez, Edwin R Speck, Alison E Fox-Robichaud, Jennifer L Y Tsang, Shirley H J Mei, Tak W Mak, Patricia Rm Rocco, John W Semple, Haibo Zhang, Pingzhao Hu, John C Marshall, Duncan J Stewart, Mary-Ellen Harper, Patricia C Liaw, W Conrad Liles, Claudia C Dos Santos
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Effective and rapid bacterial clearance is a fundamental determinant of outcome(s) in sepsis. DJ-1 is a well-established reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenger. As cellular ROS status is pivotal to inflammation and bacterial killing, we determined the role of DJ-1 in bacterial sepsis. METHODS: We used cell and murine models with gain and loss of function experiments, plasma and cells from septic patients. MEASUREMENTS & RESULTS: Stimulation of bone marrow derived macrophages (BMM) with endotoxin resulted in increased DJ-1 mRNA and protein expression...
October 13, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
M B Huante, S Gupta, V C Calderon, S J Koo, M Sinha, B A Luxon, N J Garg, J J Endsley
Pathogens frequently exploit or evade inflammasome activation in order to survive and proliferate. Alternatively, inadequate inflammasome activation by attenuated microorganisms or adjuvanted subunit vaccines may contribute to poor longevity of protection. To further understand these pathways, we determined the differential inflammasome transcriptome of human THP monocyte-derived macrophages in response to Mycobacterium bovis BCG, as compared to LPS or Trypanosoma cruzi. The results identify the highly specific innate recognition programs associated with inflammasome activation by human macrophages exposed to these microbial stimuli...
September 28, 2016: Tuberculosis
Lichao Yang, Han Guo, Ying Li, Xianglan Meng, Lu Yan, Dan Zhang, Sangang Wu, Hao Zhou, Lu Peng, Qiang Xie, Xin Jin
The present study aimed to examine the anti-inflammatory actions of oleoylethanolamide (OEA) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced THP-1 cells. The cells were stimulated with LPS (1 μg/ml) in the presence or absence of OEA (10, 20 and 40 μM). The pro-inflammatory cytokines were evaluated by qRT-PCR and ELISA. The THP-1 cells were transiently transfected with PPARα small-interfering RNA, and TLR4 activity was determined with a blocking test using anti-TLR4 antibody. Additionally, a special inhibitor was used to analyse the intracellular signaling pathway...
October 10, 2016: Scientific Reports
Jelena Katanić, Tatjana Boroja, Vladimir Mihailović, Stefanie Nikles, San-Po Pan, Gvozden Rosić, Dragica Selaković, Jovana Joksimović, Slobodanka Mitrović, Rudolf Bauer
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Meadowsweet (Filipendula ulmaria (L.) Maxim, Rosaceae) has been traditionally used in most European countries for the treatment of inflammatory diseases due to its antipyretic, analgesic, astringent, and anti-rheumatic properties. However, there is little scientific evidence on F. ulmaria anti-inflammatory effects regarding its impact on cyclooxygenases enzymatic activity and in vivo assessment of anti-inflammatory potential. This study aims to reveal the anti-inflammatory activity of methanolic extracts from the aerial parts (FUA) and roots (FUR) of F...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Carolina Gómez-Gaete, Macarena Retamal, Catalina Chávez, Paulina Bustos, Ricardo Godoy, Pablo Torres-Vergara
Rhein is an active metabolite of the drug diacerein, whose anti-inflammatory properties have been demonstrated in both in vitro and in vivo models. However, the low oral bioavailability of rhein has limited its utility as a potential treatment of osteoarthritis (OA), a chronic inflammatory disease. In order to overcome this limitation, the aim of this work was the development of a drug delivery system intended for intra-articular administration of rhein, based on polymeric biodegradable PLGA microparticles (MPs) loaded with the drug...
October 6, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Anouk Kaulmann, Sébastien Planchon, Jenny Renaut, Yves-Jacques Schneider, Lucien Hoffmann, Torsten Bohn
Due to their anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory potential, polyphenol and carotenoid-rich plant foods have been suggested as promising phytochemicals in the prevention of or as adjuvants regarding inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). In the present study, we investigated whether plum (Italian Plum, Prunus cocomilla), or cabbage (Kale, Brassica oleracea var. sabellica), selected for their high phytochemical content, are able to reduce inflammation in cellular models of the intestinal epithelium, employing proteomic methods...
October 12, 2016: Food & Function
Yuncheng Bei, Jiajia Chen, Feifei Zhou, Yahong Huang, Nan Jiang, Renxiang Tan, Pingping Shen
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARγ) is considered to be an important transcriptional factor in regulation of macrophages differentiation and activation. We have synthesized a series of novel structural molecules based on GW9662's structure (named BZ-24, BZ-25 and BZ-26), and interaction activity was calculated by computational docking. BZ-26 had shown stronger interaction with PPARγ and had higher transcriptional inhibitory activity of PPARγ with lower dosage compared with GW9662. BZ-26 was proved to inhibit inflammatory macrophage differentiation...
October 3, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
E L Wu, H X Cui
The prevention and treatment of type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and diabetic nephropathy (DN), which are disorders with high incidence rates, is of primary importance. In this study, we analyzed the effect of 1,25-(OH)2D3 and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in combination with interleukin (IL)-15 on the inflammatory immune response and expression of vitamin D receptor (VDR) in mononuclear cells of T2DM and DN uremia (DNU) patients. The human acute monocytic leukemia cell line THP-1 was treated with peripheral blood serum isolated from 30 healthy controls and T2DM and DNU patients each, cultured in the presence or absence of 1,25-(OH)2D3, and subsequently treated with LPS and IL-15...
August 29, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Wang Li Li, Li Gui Hua, Peng Qu, Wang Hong Yan, Cui Ming, Yuan Da Jun, Lou Da Yuan, Niu Nan
INTRODUCTION: Pattern recognition receptor-mediated signaling pathways have recently been elucidated to bridge the innate immune system and atherosclerosis. NLRP3 is a member of the NLR family. Upon activation, it initiates IL-1β and IL-18 processing, a key step in the inflammatory process of atherosclerosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used three different types of lipoproteins, ox-LDL, ox-HDL, and HDL, in Thp-1 at the concentration of 50 mg/l, 100 mg/l, and 150 mg/l respectively...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Ya-Fei Liu, Cai-Yu-Zhu Wen, Zhe Chen, Yu Wang, Ying Huang, Sheng-Hao Tu
Background. Urate crystals-induced inflammation is a critical factor during the initiation of gouty arthritis. Berberine is well known for its anti-inflammatory activity. However, the underlying effects of berberine on monosodium urate crystals-induced inflammation remain obscure. Objectives. This study is set to explore the protective effect and mechanism of berberine on monosodium urate crystals-induced inflammation in human monocytic THP-1 cells. Methods. The mRNA levels of NLRP3 and IL-1β were measured by Real-Time PCR, and the protein levels of NLRP3 and IL-1β were determined by ELISA, Western blot, and immunofluorescence...
2016: BioMed Research International
Young S Cho, Chan H Kim, Tae S Ha, Hee Y Ahn
Intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) play key roles in the initiation of vascular inflammation. In this study, we explored whether sulforaphane, a dietary phytochemical, can inhibit the expression of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and the mechanisms involved. Sulforaphane prevented the LPS-mediated increase in ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expression, (P < 0.01) in HUVEC. Sulforaphane also prevented the LPS-mediated increase in the phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) (P < 0...
November 18, 2015: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Bogusz Trojanowicz, Christof Ulrich, Roman Fiedler, Markus Storr, Torsten Boehler, Peter Martus, Michael Pawlak, Marcus A Glomb, Christian Henning, Markus Templin, Kristin Werner, Daniel Zickler, Kevin Willy, Ralf Schindler, Matthias Girndt
Introduction Patients with chronic kidney disease maintained on intermittent hemodialysis suffer from systemic chronic inflammation which is causally associated with high mortality. Inflammation mediators of 15-45 kDa range cannot be effectively removed by conventional dialysis membranes. In this study, we tested the influence of serum and dialysates obtained from patients maintained on High cut-off or High flux membranes on the inflammation profile of THP-1 monocytes. Methods THP-1 monocytes were treated with serum or dialysates obtained from patients maintained on High cut-off and High flux membranes within a randomized crossover pilot trial...
September 26, 2016: Hemodialysis International
Wei Wang, Jing Chen, Xiao Guang Li, Jie Xu
The AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) pathway has been shown to be able to regulate inflammation in several cell lines. We reported that fenoterol, a β2-adrenergic receptor (β2-AR) agonist, inhibited lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced AMPK activation and inflammatory cytokine production in THP-1 cells, a monocytic cell line in previous studies. 5-amino-1-β-d-ribofuranosyl-imidazole-4-carboxamide (AICAR) is an agonist of AMPK. Whether AICAR induced AMPK activation and inflammatory cytokine production in THP-1 cells can be inhibited by fenoterol is unknown...
September 19, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Neerupma Silswal, Julia Reis, Asaf A Qureshi, Christopher Papasian, Nilofer Qureshi
The molecular basis responsible for tolerance following inflammatory response to LPS is not well-understood. We hypothesized that inflammation/tolerance in monocytes/ macrophages is dependent on the proteases of proteasome. To test our hypothesis, first, we examined the expression of different proteasome subunits in different human and mouse monocytes/macrophages. Secondly, we investigated the effect of proteasome subunits/ proteases on LPS-induced expression of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and nitric oxide (NO) during inflammation and tolerance using mouse RAW 264...
September 19, 2016: Shock
Christoph Bauer, Eugenia Niculescu-Morzsa, Vivek Jeyakumar, Daniela Kern, Stephan S Späth, Stefan Nehrer
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is described by an imbalance between anabolic and catabolic processes in the affected joint. This dysregulation of metabolism affects not only chondrocytes within cartilage tissue but also the cells of the synovial membrane across the border of the joint. An important factor in OA is the low viscosity of the synovial fluid. High-molecular-weight hyaluronic acid (HA) can be used to increase the viscosity and also reduce inflammatory processes. The purpose was to establish an in vitro inflammation model and to evaluate the effects of high-molecular-weight HA in a co-cultivation inflammation model of osteoarthritic chondrocytes and M1 macrophages...
2016: Journal of Inflammation
Qiang Wu, Yunxin Wang, Qiuying Wang, Dan Yu, Yuyang Wang, Liying Song, Zhihang Liu, Xianlong Ye, Pengfei Xu, Hongxue Cao, Deshan Li, Guiping Ren
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, systemic and autoimmune disease with overexpression inflammation cytokines. The biological therapy targeting these inflammatory cytokines has been applied for the clinic. Drugs aimed at a single target are ineffective in some patients with RA. However, double-target and multi-target drugs have huge advantages in therapy. Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and Interleukin-17A (IL-17A) are the keys to inflammatory factors in RA. The bispecific antibody(BsAb)against both human IL-1β and human IL-17A was formed and expressed in E...
September 8, 2016: Immunology Letters
Laura Bernal, Abigail Alvarado-Vázquez, David Wilson Ferreira, Candler A Paige, Cristina Ulecia-Morón, Bailey Hill, Marina Caesar, E Alfonso Romero-Sandoval
Macrophages orchestrate the initiation and resolution of inflammation by producing pro- and anti-inflammatory products. An imbalance in these mediators may originate from a deficient or excessive immune response. Therefore, macrophages are valid therapeutic targets to restore homeostasis under inflammatory conditions. We hypothesize that a specific mannosylated nanoparticle effectively induces gene expression in human macrophages under inflammatory conditions without undesirable immunogenic responses. THP-1 macrophages were challenged with lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 5μg/mL)...
September 5, 2016: Immunobiology
Yuan Gao, Yujie Huang, Yue Zhao, Yang Hu, Zhiyu Li, Qinglong Guo, Kai Zhao, Na Lu
LL202, a newly-synthesized flavonoid derivative, has been reported to inhibit inflammatory-induced angiogenesis. However, the exact role of LL202 in inflammation along with its mechanism has not been explored. In this study, we investigated the anti-inflammatory effect of LL202 on intestinal inflammation by establishing dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced experimental colitis. LL202 attenuated DSS-induced body weight loss, colon length shortening and colonic pathological damage. The inflammatory cells infiltration, myeloperoxidase (MPO) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) activities were decreased by LL202 in a dose-dependent manner...
August 31, 2016: Oncotarget
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