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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222880/consumption-and-sources-of-added-sugar-in-indonesia-a-review
#1
Atmarita, Nelis Imanningsih, Abas B Jahari, Ir Dewi Permaesih, Pauline Chan, Maria Sofia Amarra
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The present report summarized the best available evidence regarding consumption level and sources of free or added sugars in Indonesia. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Information was extracted from food balance sheets, household expenditure surveys, nutrition surveys, published studies, unpublished theses/ dissertations, and government reports. RESULTS: A total of 18 references were obtained, showing varying results. Indonesia's national surveys suggested intakes of sugar below 50 grams per day or below 10% of energy intake...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222858/obesity-lipid-profiles-and-oxidative-stress-in-children-after-liver-transplantation
#2
Piotr Czubkowski, Aldona Wierzbicka, Joanna Pawłowska, Irena Jankowska, Piotr Socha
PURPOSE: In adult liver transplant recipients, coronary artery disease and congestive heart failure are significant cause of morbidity and mortality. This may be attributed to the long-term immunosuppressive treatment, mostly with calcineurin inhibitors and steroids, which in long-term may be associated with hyperlipidemia, oxidative stress and cardiovascular complications. Since such data for children is sparse, the aim of this study was to assess the lipid and oxidative stress markers after pediatric liver transplantation (LTx)...
December 10, 2017: Acta Biochimica Polonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222850/exploratory-study-of-imagery-rescripting-without-focusing-on-early-traumatic-memories-for-major-depressive-disorder
#3
Fuminori Yamada, Yoichi Hiramatsu, Tomokazu Murata, Yoichi Seki, Mizue Yokoo, Remi Noguchi, Takayuki Shibuya, Mari Tanaka, Rieko Takanashi, Eiji Shimizu
BACKGROUND: Mental imagery has a more powerful impact on our emotions than thinking in words about the same material. Treating intrusive images with imagery rescripting (IR) has been reported for various disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder, social anxiety disorder, and bipolar disorder. There has been less research about IR as a major depressive disorder (MDD). AIMS: We examined whether IR without focusing on early traumatic memories is effective in MDD...
December 9, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222368/novel-lncrna-erbb4-ir-promotes-diabetic-kidney-injury-in-db-db-mice-by-targeting-mir-29b
#4
Si F Sun, Patrick Mk Tang, Min Feng, Xiao Jun, Xiao R Huang, Ping Li, Ronal Cw Ma, Hui Y Lan
TGF-β/Smad signaling plays an important role in diabetic nephropathy. The present study identified a novel Smad3-dependent long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) Erbb4-IR in the development of type-2 diabetic nephropathy (T2DN) in db/db mice. We found that Erbb4-IR was highly expressed in T2DN of db/db mice and was specifically induced by AGE via a Smad3-dependent mechanism. The functional role of Erbb4-IR in T2DN was revealed by kidney-specific silencing of Erbb4-IR to protect against the development of T2DN such as elevated microalbuminuria, serum creatinine and progressive renal fibrosis in db/db mice, and to block AGE-induced collagen I and IV expression in mouse mesangial cells (mMCs) and mouse tubular epithelial cells (mTECs)...
December 8, 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222025/preparation-and-comparison-of-tacrolimus-loaded-solid-dispersion-and-self-microemulsifying-drug-delivery-system-by-in-vitro-in-vivo-evaluation
#5
Taotao Huo, Chun Tao, Minxin Zhang, Qinghong Liu, Bing Lin, Zhihong Liu, Jialiang Zhang, Meijing Zhang, Haiyue Yang, Jue Wu, Xinrong Sun, Qian Zhang, Hongtao Song
This study aimed to compare the dissolution and the intestinal absorption of tacrolimus in self-microemulsifying drug delivery system (SMEDDS) and solid dispersion (SD). Poloxamer 188 SD was prepared by the combination of the solvent evaporation method and the freeze drying method. Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) SD was prepared by the solvent evaporation method combined with the vacuum drying method. The formation of SD was confirmed by SEM images which showed new solid phases. The SMEDDS was composed of oil (Labrafil M1944 CS 28%), surfactant (Cremophor EL 48%) and co-surfactant (Transcutol P 24%)...
December 5, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222014/preparation-of-purified-fractions-for-polysaccharides-from-monetaria-moneta-linnaeus-and-comparison-their-characteristics-and-antioxidant-activities
#6
Jun Yuan, Shuxian Chen, Liping Wang, Tingting Xu, Xu Shi, Yi Jing, Haijiang Zhang, Yange Huang, Ying Xu, Dong Li, Xing Chen, Jianhui Chen, Qingping Xiong
The aim of this paper was to prepare purified fractions of polysaccharides from Monetaria moneta Linnaeus and further compare their characteristics and antioxidant activities. Firstly, three novel purified fractions, named MM-P1, MM-P2 and MM-P3, were successfully prepared by a DEAE-Sepharose fast-flow column. Then, their characteristics were compared using chemical testing, FT-IR, GC and HPGPC. The results suggested that MM-P3 had higher molecular weights than MM-P1 and MM-P2. MM-P1 was consisted of glucose, MM-P2 was consisted of glucose and xylose, and MM-P3 was comprised of glucose, xylose and mannose...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221935/effects-of-intermolecular-interactions-on-absorption-intensities-of-the-fundamental-and-the-first-second-and-third-overtones-of-oh-stretching-vibrations-of-methanol-and-t-butanol%C3%A2-d9-in-n-hexane-studied-by-visible-near-infrared-infrared-spectroscopy
#7
Yusuke Morisawa, Arisa Suga
Visible (Vis), near-infrared (NIR) and IR spectra in the 15,600-2500cm-1 region were measured for methanol, methanol-d3, and t-butanol-d9 in n-hexane to investigate effects of intermolecular interaction on absorption intensities of the fundamental and the first, second, and third overtones of their OH stretching vibrations. The relative area intensities of OH stretching bands of free and hydrogen-bonded species were plotted versus the vibrational quantum number using logarithm plots (V=1-4) for 0.5M methanol, 0...
November 28, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221916/dna-methylation-signatures-at-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-genes-are-associated-with-adiposity-and-insulin-resistance
#8
Omar Ramos-Lopez, Jose I Riezu-Boj, Fermin I Milagro, J Alfredo Martinez
A sustained activation of the unfolded protein response and the subsequent endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has been involved in the onset and severity of several metabolic diseases. The aim of this study was to analyze the association of DNA methylation signatures at ER stress genes with adiposity traits and related metabolic disorders. An epigenomic analysis within the Methyl Epigenome Network Association (MENA) project was conducted in an adult population (n=474). DNA methylation status in peripheral white blood cells was analyzed by a microarray approach...
November 28, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221871/investigation-on-paper-cup-waste-degradation-by-bacterial-consortium-and-eudrillus-eugeinea-through-vermicomposting
#9
Karthika Arumugam, Seenivasagan Renganathan, Babalola Olubukola Oluranti, Vasanthy Muthunarayanan
Disposable Paper cups are a threat to the environment and are composed of 90% high strength paper with 5% thin coating of polyethylene. This polyethylene prevents the paper cup from undergoing degradation in the soil. Hence, in the present study two different approaches towards the management of paper cup waste through vermicomposting technology has been presented. The experimental setup includes 2 plastic reactors namely Vermicompost (VC) (Cow dung + Paper cup waste + Earthworm (Eudrillus eugeinea)) and Vermicompost with bacterial consortium (VCB) (Cow dung + Paper cup waste + Eudrillus eugeinea + Microbial consortia such as Bacillus anthracis, B...
December 5, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221868/influence-of-hydrogen-bond-accepting-ability-of-anions-on-the-adsorption-performance-of-ionic-liquid-surface-molecularly-imprinted-polymers
#10
Guifen Zhu, Xia Gao, Xiaolong Wang, Jianji Wang, Jing Fan
To illuminate the influence mechanism of anionic structure of ionic liquids (ILs) on the adsorption performance of surface molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs), in this work, six newly designed MIPs were prepared on the surface of amino-poly(styrene-divinylbenzene) particles by using imidazolium ILs with the same cation [C4mim]+ but different anions (Cl, CH3SO3, PF6, BF4, C4F7O2, C4F9SO3) as template molecules, methacrylic acid as functional monomer, and ethylene dimethacrylate as cross-linker. The resulting MIP materials were characterized by IR and SEM, and the influence of hydrogen bond accepting ability of anions on the adsorption performance of the MIPs for the ILs was investigated in acetonitrile...
November 26, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221862/physical-activity-sedentary-time-tv-viewing-physical-fitness-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-adolescents-the-helena-study
#11
Alan R Barker, Luis Gracia-Marco, Jonatan R Ruiz, Manuel J Castillo, Raquel Aparicio-Ugarriza, Marcela González-Gross, Anthony Kafatos, Odysseas Androutsos, Angela Polito, Dénes Molnar, Kurt Widhalm, Luis A Moreno
BACKGROUND: To examine the independent associations between physical activity (PA) intensities, sedentary time (ST), TV viewing, cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and muscular fitness (MF) with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in youth. METHODS: A cross-sectional study on 534 European adolescents (252 males, 282 females, 12.5-17.5years). Minutes per day of light (LPA), moderate (MPA) and vigorous (VPA) PA and total ST were measured using accelerometers. TV viewing time was measured using a questionnaire...
November 26, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221392/spectroscopic-and-theoretical-studies-on-the-structural-electronic-and-optical-properties-of-zinc-octaethylporphyrin-c60-co-deposited-films
#12
Jun Onoe, Shinta Watanabe, Shiro Kato, Masato Nakaya, Jean-Pierre Bucher
We have examined the structural, electronic, and optical properties of zinc-octaethylporphyrin [Zn(OEP)]/C60 co-deposited films to elucidate the donor (D)-acceptor (A) interactions at the D/A interface of heterojunction organic solar cells (OSCs), using Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) spectroscopy, and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy in combination with first-principles and semi-empirical calculations. The FT-IR and XRD results indicated that Zn(OEP) and C60 were mixed with each other at the molecular level in the co-deposited film...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221389/nuclear-spin-parity-dependent-spectroscopy-and-predissociation-dynamics-in-voh-2-%C3%A2-0-overtone-excited-ne-h2o-clusters-theory-and-experiment
#13
Michael P Ziemkiewicz, Christian Pluetzer, Jérôme Loreau, Ad van der Avoird, David J Nesbitt
Vibrationally state selective overtone spectroscopy and state- and nuclear spin-dependent predissociation dynamics of weakly bound ortho- and para-Ne-H2O complexes (D0(ortho) = 34.66 cm-1 and D0(para) = 31.67 cm-1) are reported, based on near-infrared excitation of van der Waals cluster bands correlating with vOH = 2 ← 0 overtone transitions (|02-〉 and |02+〉) out of the ortho (101) and para (000) internal rotor states of the H2O moiety. Quantum theoretical calculations for nuclear motion on a high level potential energy surface [CCSD(T)/VnZf12 (n = 3, 4)], corrected for basis set superposition error and extrapolated to the complete basis set (CBS) limit, are employed to successfully predict and assign Π-Σ, Σ-Σ, and Σ-Π infrared bands in the spectra, where Σ or Π represent approximate projections of the body-fixed H2O angular momentum along the Ne-H2O internuclear axis...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220991/assessing-uncertainties-in-scattering-correction-algorithms-for-reflective-tube-absorption-measurements-made-with-a-wet-labs-ac-9
#14
Nicole D Stockley, Rüdiger Röttgers, David McKee, Ina Lefering, James M Sullivan, Michael S Twardowski
In situ absorption measurements collected with a WET Labs ac-9 employing a reflective tube approach were scatter corrected using several possible methods and compared to reference measurements made by a PSICAM to assess performance. Overall, two correction methods performed best for the stations sampled: one using an empirical relationship between the ac-9 and PSICAM to derive the scattering error (ε) in the near-infrared (NIR), and one where ε was independently derived from concurrent measurements of the volume scattering function (VSF)...
November 27, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220868/incidence-and-prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-uk-a-population-based-cohort-study-using-the-uk-clinical-practice-research-datalink
#15
Germano L C Ferreira, Cinzia Marano, Laurence De Moerlooze, Adrienne Guignard, Yang Feng, Yassine El Hahi, Tjeerd van Staa
We assessed the incidence and prevalence of hepatitis B (Hep B) in patients with or without diabetes mellitus using the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink. This was a retrospective, observational study of diabetic and non-diabetic cohorts aged 0-80 years using Clinical Practice Research Datalink (NCT02324218). Incidence rates (IR) for each cohort were calculated. Crude and adjusted (Poisson Regression) IR ratios (IRR) were estimated with 95% confidence intervals (CI) to compare the cohorts. Hep B prevalence stratified by age, and hospitalisation related to Hep B were also calculated...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220817/infrared-spectroscopy-of-flavones-and-flavonols-reexamination-of-the-hydroxyl-and-carbonyl-vibrations-in-relation-to-the-interactions-of-flavonoids-with-membrane-lipids
#16
Goran Baranović, Suzana Šegota
Detailed vibrational assignments for twelve flavonoids (seven flavones (flavone, 3- and 5-hydroxyflavone, chrysin, apigenin, fisetin and luteolin) and five flavonols (galangin, kaempferol, quercetin, morin and myricetin)) have been made based on own and reported experimental data and calculations at the B3LYP/6-31+G(d,p) level of theory. All the molecules are treated in a uniform way by using the same set of redundancy-free set of internal coordinates. A generalized harmonic mode mixing is used to corroborate the vibrational characteristics of this important class of molecules...
December 2, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220805/processing-of-wet-kinnow-mandarin-citrus-reticulata-fruit-waste-into-novel-br%C3%A3-nsted-acidic-ionic-liquids-and-their-application-in-hydrolysis-of-sucrose
#17
Pratibha Dwivedi, Mangat Singh, Naina Sehra, Nishant Pandey, Rajender S Sangwan, Bhuwan B Mishra
In citrus processing industries, where up to 60% of the whole fruit is discarded, generates citrus waste (peel, seeds, membrane, and pulp) on a massive scale. The waste does not currently have high-value applications, instead the majority is disposed of or pelletized for animal feed. Therefore, a concise and efficacious protocol for processing of Kinnow mandarin (Citrus reticulata) fruit waste to numerous novel Brønsted acidic ionic liquids (3a-k) have been developed. BAILs were characterized using spectroscopic techniques (FT-IR and NMR)...
December 2, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220696/cardioprotection-of-cape-ono2-against-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-induced-ros-generation-via-regulating-the-sirt1-enos-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-in-vivo-and-in-vitro
#18
Dejuan Li, Xiaoling Wang, Qin Huang, Sai Li, You Zhou, Zhubo Li
Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) could ameliorate myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury (MIRI) by various mechanisms, but there hadn't been any reports on that CAPE could regulate silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) to exert cardioprotective effect. The present study aimed to investigate the cardioprotective potential of caffeic acid o-nitro phenethyl ester (CAPE-oNO2) on MIRI and the possible mechanism based on the positive control of CAPE. The SD rats were subjected to left coronary artery ischemia /reperfusion (IR) and the H9c2 cell cultured in hypoxia/reoxygenation (HR) to induce the MIRI model...
November 29, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220547/impact-of-moderate-alcohol-discontinuation-on-insulin-action-and-secretion-in-latinos-with-and-without-hepatitis-c
#19
Lindsay A Uribe, Peter Bacchetti, Nicholas Gelman, Esteban Burchard, Mark Fitch, Marc Hellerstein, Mandana Khalili
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Insulin resistance (IR) is associated with hepatitis C infection (HCV), and Latinos are both at risk for IR and are disproportionately affected by HCV. Moderate alcohol consumption improves insulin sensitivity and may modify HCV-associated IR. We investigated the impact of moderate alcohol discontinuation on insulin sensitivity and secretion in Latinos using direct measurements. METHODS: Twenty-five non-diabetic, non-cirrhotic Latino adults without (n=17) or with (n=8) HCV underwent 3-day metabolic assessment before and after prescription of 6 weeks of moderate alcohol discontinuation...
December 8, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220448/cancer-odor-database-cod-a-critical-databank-for-cancer-diagnosis-research
#20
Sajjad Janfaza, Maryam Banan Nojavani, Babak Khorsand, Maryam Nikkhah, Javad Zahiri
http://bioinf.modares.ac.ir/software/cod/.
January 1, 2017: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
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