keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Adenoids in children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888821/effect-of-adenoid-hypertrophy-and-pulmonary-function-tests-in-children-with-mild-asthma
#1
Merve Aykan, Sedat Aydın, Sedat Öktem, Mehmet Gökhan Demir, Engin Tutar
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess the effect of adenoid hypertrophy on asthma in children with mild asthma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between September 2010 and September 2012, 63 children (42 males, 21 females; median age 10.5 years; range 6 to 14 years) admitted to our clinic with asthma complaint were included in this study. These children were evaluated for adenoid hypertrophy, symptoms of asthma, medical treatment, pulmonary function tests at the beginning of the study and at the end of second month...
September 2016: Kulak Burun Boğaz Ihtisas Dergisi: KBB, Journal of Ear, Nose, and Throat
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881609/epstein-barr-virus-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-of-guatemalan-and-brazilian-patients
#2
Alicia Rumayor Piña, Harim Tavares Dos Santos, Roman Carlos, Albina Altemani, Oslei Paes de Almeida
BACKGROUND: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is highly associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), particularly the undifferentiated nonkeratinizing subtype. Prevalence of EBV in NPC in countries such as Guatemala and Brazil has not been studied. METHODS: We analyzed 19 cases of NPC, 11 from Guatemala and 8 from Brazil, for the presence of EBV by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. Additionally, 19 hyperplastic adenoids from children were analyzed for EBV by in situ hybridization, 12 from Guatemala and 7 from Brazil...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876743/-the-possibilities-for-the-rational-pharmacotherapy-of-adenoiditis-in-the-children
#3
E P Karpova, D V Kharina
The available literature data give evidence that viral infection is the main cause underlying the development of inflammatory nasopharyngeal pathology in the children. According to ICD-10, nether acute nor chronic adenoiditis should be considered as a self-consistent nosological entity. Acute adenoiditis is usually regarded as a form of acute nasopharyngitis (J02) or acute respiratory viral infection (J06.9) whereas chronic adenoiditis is commonly referred to as representing other chronic diseases of the tonsils and adenoids (J 35...
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871704/accuracy-and-reliability-of-orthodontists-using-cone-beam-computerized-tomography-for-assessment-of-adenoid-hypertrophy
#4
Camila Pachêco-Pereira, Noura A Alsufyani, Michael Major, Giseon Heo, Carlos Flores-Mir
INTRODUCTION: Our objectives were to evaluate the reliability of agreement between orthodontists, with various degrees of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging manipulation comfort, in classifying adenoid hypertrophy through CBCT generated images and also to determine how accurate orthodontists are compared with the gold standard diagnosis, nasopharyngoscopy. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study in which a randomized list of board-certified orthodontists evaluated different degrees of adenoid hypertrophy of a stratified sampling of 10 scans...
November 2016: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864888/ebv-infection-is-prevalent-in-the-adenoid-and-palatine-tonsils-in-adults
#5
Noriko Seishima, Satoru Kondo, Naohiro Wakisaka, Eiji Kobayashi, Tomoko Imoto, Makiko Moriyama-Kita, Yosuke Nakanishi, Kazuhira Endo, Shigeyuki Murono, Hisashi Sugimoto, Miyako Hatano, Takayoshi Ueno, Tomokazu Yoshizaki
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is associated with the pathogenesis of several diseases in both adults and children. However, there have been no reports on the prevalence and amount of EBV in the adenoids of adults; thus, it is important to investigate these in the adenoids and tonsils of adults and children. In this study, 67 patients who underwent tonsillectomy or adenotonsillectomy were included and divided into two groups: adults aged ≥ 16 years (n = 35) and children aged < 16 years (n = 32). Patients' adenoid and tonsil tissues were analyzed using quantitative polymerase chain reaction for EBV DNA...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863640/assessment-of-adenotonsillar-size-and-caregiver-reported-sleep-symptoms-among-3-6-year-old-children-undergoing-adenotonsillectomy
#6
Onur Balaban, Hina Walia, Dmitry Tumin, Kris R Jatana, Vidya Raman, Joseph D Tobias
INTRODUCTION: Adenotonsillectomy remains the accepted first-line treatment for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in children. Tonsillar size may be especially relevant in risk stratification as it may impact symptoms of sleep disordered breathing (SDB). This study assesses correlations among subjective tonsillar grading, measured tonsillar size, and degree of adenoid obstruction in patients age 3-6 years with caregiver-reported symptoms. METHODS: Children 3-6 years old undergoing adenotonsillectomy for OSAS were enrolled prospectively...
December 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830016/effects-of-leukotriene-d4-on-adenoidal-t-cells-in-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#7
Yan Shu, Da-Zhi Yang, Jia Liang, Feng Zhang, Bing Wang, Hong-Bing Yao, En-Mei Liu
PURPOSE: This study aims to determine whether leukotriene D4 (LTD4) can promote T cell proliferation in adenoid tissues via activation of CysLT1 receptors in children with OSAS. METHODS: CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cell proliferation was assessed by flow cytometry in adenoid mononuclear cells (AdMCs) stimulated with LTD4 from children with OSAS. The activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways and their effects on the proliferation of CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells in AdMCs were observed by western blotting...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812691/identification-of-the-bacterial-reservoirs-for-the-middle-ear-using-phylogenic-analysis
#8
Chun Ling Chan, David Wabnitz, Ahmed Bassiouni, Peter-John Wormald, Sarah Vreugde, Alkis James Psaltis
Importance: The adenoid pad has long been considered a reservoir for bacteria in the pathogenesis of otitis media with effusion (OME). However, bacteria more reminiscent of external auditory canal (EAC) commensals are often demonstrated within middle ear aspirates. Objective: To compare the microbiota of the EAC, the middle ear with OME, and the adenoid pad to further clarify the true source of middle ear bacteria. Design, Setting, and Participants: Middle ear fluid (MEF) aspirates and EAC lavages were collected from 18 children with OME undergoing ventilation tube insertion from June 1, 2014, to August 31, 2015, at Women and Children's Hospital, Adelaide, Australia...
November 3, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801958/nasal-obstructive-disorders-induce-medical-treatment-failure-in-pediatric-persistent-allergic-rhinitis-the-nodpar-study
#9
Franklin S Mariño-Sánchez, Meritxell Valls-Mateus, Karen Ruiz-Echevarría, Isam Alobid, Paulina Cardenas-Escalante, Rosa Jiménez-Feijoo, Jaime Lozano-Blasco, María T Giner-Muñoz, Jesús Rodríguez-Jorge, Oliver Haag, Ana M Plaza-Martin, Joaquim Mullol
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is the most common chronic disease among children. To characterize the disease, a modified classification of severity (m-ARIA) has recently been validated in AR children. When medical treatment fails, surgery for nasal obstructive disorders (NOD) may be a therapeutic option. Our objective was to assess the prevalence of NOD and their influence in medical treatment response among children with persistent AR (PER). METHODS: In a prospective, real-life study, 130 pediatric PER patients (13...
November 1, 2016: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769628/-obesity-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children
#10
A Amaddeo, L de Sanctis, J Olmo Arroyo, J-P Giordanella, P-J Monteyrol, B Fauroux
Obesity, along with hypertrophy of the adenoids and the tonsils, represents one of the major risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children. Obesity is associated with an increase in the prevalence and the severity of OSA and is a major factor in the persistence and aggravation of OSA over time. Neurocognitive dysfunction and abnormal behavior are the most important and frequent end-organ morbidities associated with OSA in children. Other deleterious consequences such as cardiovascular stress and metabolic syndrome are less common in children than in adults with OSA...
October 18, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765101/-nasopharyngeal-changes-in-8-13-years-old-healthy-children-in-china-a-longitudinal-study
#11
S S Liu, J R Deng, D S Wang, X Gong, Y H Zhou, X M Gao
Objective: Nasopharynx is an important compartment of the upper airway. It is closely associated with the characteristic craniofacial skeletal pattern related to sleep breathing. The present study aimed to investigate the growth pattern of the nasopharynx during rapid puberty growth period. Methods: Thirty non-snoring children (aged 8 to 11 years old) were selected by means of questionnaires and clinical examination. Periodic yearly follow up using MRI, lateral cephalogram, and polysomnograph (PSG) was done in these children...
October 7, 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729162/surgical-outcomes-and-sleep-endoscopy-for-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-hypotonia
#12
J S Park, D K Chan, S R Parikh, A K Meyer, K W Rosbe
OBJECTIVE: To study the efficacy of surgical management for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome in children with hypotonia, and to identify common anatomic sites of airway obstruction. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of polysomnographic parameters and quality of life instrument scores for seventy eight children with hypotonia who underwent surgical intervention for sleep-disordered breathing at two tertiary children's hospitals, and analysis of drug-induced sleep endoscopy data using a previously validated scoring system...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729119/the-ubiquity-of-asymptomatic-respiratory-viral-infections-in-the-tonsils-and-adenoids-of-children-and-their-impact-on-airway-obstruction
#13
Howard Faden, Vincent Callanan, Michael Pizzuto, Mark Nagy, Mark Wilby, Daryl Lamson, Brian Wrotniak, Stefan Juretschko, Kirsten St George
BACKGROUND: Airway obstruction due to enlargement of tonsils and adenoids is a common pediatric problem resulting in sleep disordered breathing. The cause for the relatively abnormal growth of tonsils and adenoids is poorly understood. METHODS: Non-acutely ill children undergoing tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A) for various reasons were enrolled prospectively in a study to determine the frequency of asymptomatic respiratory viral infections in each lymphoid tissue and to relate the number and types of virus to the degree of airway obstruction...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698737/pediatric-rhinitis-risk-factors
#14
Yaofeng Ji, Yin Liu, Na Yang
Rhinitis is a common global disorder that impacts on the quality of life of the sufferer and caregivers. Treatment for pediatric rhinitis is empirical and does not include a detailed history of the allergy triggers or allergy testing. Thus, allergen avoidance advice is not tailored to the child's sensitivities, which may result in adenoid hypertrophy. However, infant onset rhinitis, especially its relationship with respiratory viruses, remains to be further clarified. Rhinitis basically involves inflammation of the upper nasal lining, presenting typically with symptoms of runny nose (rhinorrhea), nasal blockage, and/or sneezing...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695944/endoscopic-and-clinical-benefits-of-hyaluronic-acid-in-children-with-chronic-adenoiditis-and-middle-ear-disease
#15
S Torretta, P Marchisio, V Rinaldi, D Carioli, E Nazzari, L Pignataro
Hyaluronic acid (HA) is involved in modulating inflammatory airway processes and mucociliary clearance. Some studies have tested the effectiveness of the topical administration of HA in patients with upper airway diseases with positive preliminary results. A prospective, single-blind, 1:1 randomised controlled study was performed to assess the efficacy and safety of the daily topical administration of 9 mg of sodium hyaluronate in 3 mL of a 0.9 % sodium saline solution on the basis of endoscopic and clinical parameters in children with chronic adenoiditis associated with recurrent acute otitis media and otitis media with effusion; age- and gender-matched children receiving normal 0...
October 1, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684180/investigation-of-resectability-degree-for-adenoidal-surgery-in-osa-children-with-the-method-of-computational-fluid-dynamics
#16
Changlong Hu, Demin Han, Bing Zhou, Luo Zhang, Yunchuan Li, HongRui Zang, LiFeng Li
CONCLUSION: From aspect of fluid dynamics, expanding patients' nasopharyngeal coronal-sectional area to 48.3-54.7% of normal area will bring the airflow velocity back to normal in adenoidal hypertrophy children. It might provide a suggestion for adenoidectomy range selection and whether total resection is necessary. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the nasopharyngeal airflow characteristics in pediatric OSA patients with adenoidal hypertrophy, and to explore the proper resection range for adenoidectomy Method: Nine OSA patients and four normal children were recruited...
August 9, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647047/the-effect-of-adenoid-hypertrophy-on-maxillofacial-development-an-objective-photographic-analysis
#17
Cigdem Fırat Koca, Tamer Erdem, Tuba Bayındır
BACKGROUND: Deformity in the dental arc and facial skeleton by adenoid hypertrophy due to chronic mouth breathing is a well-known process. Most of the related studies have been based on cephalometric analyses. The aim of this study is to detect the presence of skeletal deformities on the soft tissue by analyzing distances and angles on photographs. METHODS: Ninety-seven children having between 25 and 100 % of adenoids, ages 4-12 years (48 boys, 49 girls), and 90 cases having 0-25 % adenoid tissue, ages 4-12 years (54 boys, 36 girls), were studied by clinical history, physical examination (including endoscopy), and standardized clinical photographs...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635273/reversible-severe-pulmonary-hypertension-after-adenotonsillectomy-a-case-report-of-a-child-treated-at-bugando-medical-centre-northwestern-tanzania
#18
Rogatus Kabyemera, Neema Chami, Neema Kayange, Respicius Bakalemwa, Antke Zuechner, Tumaini Mhada, Gustave Buname, Adolfine Hokororo, Johannes Kataraihya
Upper airway obstruction (UAO) due to adenotonsillar hypertrophy represents one of the rare causes of pulmonary hypertension in children. We report a case of adenotonsillar hypertrophy, managed at pediatric and otorhinolaryngology departments in Bugando Medical Centre (BMC), northwestern Tanzania, with complete remission of symptoms of pulmonary hypertension following adenotonsillectomy. A 17-month-old boy presented with difficulty breathing, dry cough, and noisy breathing since 1 year. He had facial and lower limb oedema with a pan systolic murmur at the tricuspid area, fine crepitations, and tender hepatomegaly...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607438/integrative-versus-conventional-therapy-of-chronic-otitis-media-with-effusion-and-adenoid-hypertrophy-in-children-a-prospective-observational-study
#19
Henrik Szőke, Márta Maródi, Zsuzsa Sallay, Balázs Székely, Martin-Günther Sterner, Gabriella Hegyi
BACKGROUND: Chronic otitis media with effusion (COME) and adenoid hypertrophy (AH) are common entities in the pediatric population. The conventional treatment approach (conventional medicine; COM) involved mainly surgery after a period of close observation. In this study, we aimed to introduce an integrative, non-invasive approach (integrative medicine; IM) for COME, AH, and associated episodes of recurrent acute otitis media, and compared outcomes with conventional treatment. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, non-randomized study in an integrative primary care pediatric practice and a conventional pediatric otolaryngological clinic, where treatment modality was determined by patient preference...
2016: Forschende Komplementärmedizin, Research in Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563311/tympanometric-findings-among-children-with-adenoid-hypertrophy-in-port-harcourt-nigeria
#20
Chibuike Nwosu, Mathilda Uju Ibekwe, Lucky Obukowho Onotai
Introduction. Adenoid hypertrophy (AH) is a common childhood disorder. Adenoid plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of otitis media with effusion (OME). The aim of this study is to critically appraise the tympanometric finding among children with adenoid hypertrophy in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Methodology. A Prospective, controlled study carried out among newly diagnosed cases of adenoid hypertrophy at the ENT clinic of the UPTH, between November 2014 and June 2015. Tympanometry was done on each child and each ear was considerably studied as a single entity...
2016: International Journal of Otolaryngology
keyword
keyword
119077
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"