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Adenoids in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060556/the-frequency-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-with-asthma-and-its-effects-on-asthma-control
#1
Tayfur Ginis, Fatih Alper Akcan, Murat Capanoglu, Muge Toyran, Refika Ersu, Can Naci Kocabas, Ersoy Civelek
BACKGROUND: The presence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in children with asthma may cause difficult to control asthma. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of SDB in children with asthma, to evaluate its effects on asthma control and to assess the risk factors associated with the presence of SDB. METHODS: Parents of children who Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ) and the Childhood Asthma Control Test (C-ACT). Asthma control level was assessed according to Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA)...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042527/pediatric-rhinosinusitis
#2
Dana T Badr, Jonathan M Gaffin, Wanda Phipatanakul
Rhinosinusitis, is defined as an inflammation of the paranasal and nasal sinus mucosae. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS)is a common problem in the pediatric age group and the diagnosis and treatment are challenging due to the chronicity and similarity of symptoms with allergic rhinitis and adenoid hypertrophy. Although it is less common than acute rhinosinusitis, CRS is becoming more frequent and significantly affects the quality of life in children and can substantially impair daily function. CRS is characterized by sinus symptoms lasting more than 3 months despite medical therapy...
September 2016: Current Treatment Options in Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012518/the-impact-of-adenotonsillectomy-on-pulmonary-arterial-pressure-in-west-african-children-with-adenotonsillar-hypertrophy
#3
Foster T Orji, Fortune A Ujunwa, Nnaemeka G Umedum, Onyinyechi Ukaegbe
OBJECTIVES: To assess the improvement or otherwise, in the mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) among children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy (ATH) after adenotonsillectomy (AT), and to examine the impact of timing of surgery as well as the patients' characteristics on the mPAP changes. METHODS: We included 39 children with ATH in this study. The adenoidal enlargement was evaluated radiologically with adenoid nasopharyngeal ratio (ANR) parameter from lateral neck radiograph, whereas the clinical assessment of adeno-tonsillar obstruction was conducted with the 'symptom score'...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987514/-effects-of-breast-feeding-duration-bottle-feeding-duration-and-oral-habits-on-the-occlusal-characteristics-of-primary-dentition
#4
X X Chen, B Xia, L H Ge, J W Yuan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of breast-feeding duration, bottle-feeding duration and oral habits on the occlusal characteristics of primary dentition in 3-6-year-old children in Beijing. METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted via an examination of the occlusal characteristics of 734 children combined with a questionnaire completed by their parents/guardians. The examination was performed by a single, previously calibrated examiner and the following variables were evaluated: presence or absence of deep overbite, open bite, anterior cross bite, posterior cross bite, deep overjet, terminal plane relationship of the second primary molar, primary canine relationship, crowding and spacing...
December 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984431/assessment-of-the-factors-that-affect-the-anatomic-and-functional-success-of-cartilage-tympanoplasty-in-children
#5
Mahmut Sinan Yilmaz, Ahmet Kara, Mehmet Guven, Deniz Demir, Unal Erkorkmaz
OBJECTIVES: Many factors may influence the surgical outcome of tympanoplasty in children, including age, the size and location of perforation, otorrhea, status of contralateral ear, surgical technique, and adenoid hypertrophy. This study aims to evaluate the outcomes of pediatric cartilage tympanoplasty and to assess the factors that affect the success of tympanoplasty in children. METHODS: Children with chronic otitis media who underwent tympanoplasty using cartilage as graft material were evaluated retrospectively...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977034/factors-predictive-of-success-in-probing-for-congenital-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction
#6
João Beato, Ágata Mota, Nuno Gonçalves, Renato Santos-Silva, Augusto Magalhães, Jorge Breda, Fernando Falcão-Reis
PURPOSE: To report the success rate of children undergoing probing for congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO) and the factors relating to the failure of the procedure. METHODS: This retrospective case series included 88 eyes of 62 patients, aged 1 to 138 months, who underwent probing between January 2008 and December 2014 in the Pediatric Ophthalmology Unit of Centro Hospitalar São João. The procedure was performed in the operating room under general anesthesia...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976552/parotidectomy-outcomes-diagnosis-and-complications-on-pediatric-patients-twelve-years-of-experiences-in-a-tertiary-care-center
#7
Oğuz Kuşcu, Bahar Kayahan, Övsen Önay, Rıza Önder Günaydın, Mehmet Umut Akyol
The aim of this study is to evaluate parotid masses management in pediatric population. From June 2002 to December 2014, 13 patients under the age of 18 with parotid tumors were treated via surgery at Hacettepe University Department of Otorhinolaryngology. Information on patients' demographics, clinical and histopathologic tumor characteristics and treatment modalities with results was obtained from medical records, retrospectively. The age was ranging between 8-17 years. Ten (76.9%) patients had benign tumors and 8 (61...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966312/the-common-genetic-variants-of-toll-like-receptor-and-susceptibilityto-adenoid-hypertrophy-a-hospital-based-cohort-study
#8
Mehmet Ali Babademez, Talih Özdaş, Sibel Özdaş
BACKGROUND/AIM: Adenoid hypertrophy (AH) is one of the most frequent pediatric disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of TLR2-R753Q, TLR4-T399I, and TLR4-D299G polymorphisms in children with AH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The variants of the TLR gene were determined by restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis in 60 patients with AH and in 50 healthy children. Data were analyzed with SNPStats and multifactor dimensionality reduction (MDR) software...
November 17, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965974/outcomes-of-recurrent-acute-otitis-media-in-children-treated-for-dental-malocclusion-a-preliminary-report
#9
Edoardo Bernkopf, Andrea Lovato, Giulia Bernkopf, Luciano Giacomelli, Giovanni Carlo De Vincentis, Francesco Macrì, Cosimo de Filippis
Aim. To investigate the role of dental malocclusion treatment in the outcomes of Recurrent Acute Otitis Media (RAOM). Materials and Methods. The clinical outcome (number of acute recurrences in 12 months) of 61 consecutive children treated medically for RAOM was analysed. Children underwent an odontostomatologic evaluation, a fiberoptic endoscopy, and skin-prick tests. Results. 32 children (group A) were diagnosed with dental malocclusion and treated with a mandibular repositioning plate. Dental malocclusion was ruled out in the other 29 patients with RAOM, and they were used as controls (group B)...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935539/role-of-chlamydia-pneumoniae-in-the-pathogenesis-of-hypertrophy-and-adenoid-tissue-inflammation-in-children
#10
Anna Bielicka, Beata Zielnik-Jurkiewicz, Edyta Podsiadły, Monika Prochorec-Sobieszek, Joanna Rogulska, Urszula Demkow
OBJECTIVE: A tropism to epithelial cells and lymphocytes, an inhibition of apoptosis in host cells, an ability to occurrence in persistent form resistant to antibiotic treatment are the features of Chlamydia pneumoniae, which can have connection with chronic inflammation of an adenoid tissue and adenoid hypertrophy. This study aimed to (1) detect the C. pneumoniae in an adenoid in children undergoing adenoidectomy, (2) estimate a connection between C. pneumoniae occurrence and the size of adenoid, (3) demonstration in which of adenoid cells C...
October 31, 2016: Otolaryngologia Polska. the Polish Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888821/effect-of-adenoid-hypertrophy-and-pulmonary-function-tests-in-children-with-mild-asthma
#11
Merve Aykan, Sedat Aydın, Sedat Öktem, Mehmet Gökhan Demir, Engin Tutar
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess the effect of adenoid hypertrophy on asthma in children with mild asthma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between September 2010 and September 2012, 63 children (42 males, 21 females; median age 10.5 years; range 6 to 14 years) admitted to our clinic with asthma complaint were included in this study. These children were evaluated for adenoid hypertrophy, symptoms of asthma, medical treatment, pulmonary function tests at the beginning of the study and at the end of second month...
September 2016: Kulak Burun Boğaz Ihtisas Dergisi: KBB, Journal of Ear, Nose, and Throat
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881609/epstein-barr-virus-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-of-guatemalan-and-brazilian-patients
#12
Alicia Rumayor Piña, Harim Tavares Dos Santos, Roman Carlos, Albina Altemani, Oslei Paes de Almeida
BACKGROUND: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is highly associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), particularly the undifferentiated nonkeratinizing subtype. Prevalence of EBV in NPC in countries such as Guatemala and Brazil has not been studied. METHODS: We analyzed 19 cases of NPC, 11 from Guatemala and 8 from Brazil, for the presence of EBV by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. Additionally, 19 hyperplastic adenoids from children were analyzed for EBV by in situ hybridization, 12 from Guatemala and 7 from Brazil...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876743/-the-possibilities-for-the-rational-pharmacotherapy-of-adenoiditis-in-the-children
#13
E P Karpova, D V Kharina
The available literature data give evidence that viral infection is the main cause underlying the development of inflammatory nasopharyngeal pathology in the children. According to ICD-10, nether acute nor chronic adenoiditis should be considered as a self-consistent nosological entity. Acute adenoiditis is usually regarded as a form of acute nasopharyngitis (J02) or acute respiratory viral infection (J06.9) whereas chronic adenoiditis is commonly referred to as representing other chronic diseases of the tonsils and adenoids (J 35...
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871704/accuracy-and-reliability-of-orthodontists-using-cone-beam-computerized-tomography-for-assessment-of-adenoid-hypertrophy
#14
Camila Pachêco-Pereira, Noura A Alsufyani, Michael Major, Giseon Heo, Carlos Flores-Mir
INTRODUCTION: Our objectives were to evaluate the reliability of agreement between orthodontists, with various degrees of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging manipulation comfort, in classifying adenoid hypertrophy through CBCT generated images and also to determine how accurate orthodontists are compared with the gold standard diagnosis, nasopharyngoscopy. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study in which a randomized list of board-certified orthodontists evaluated different degrees of adenoid hypertrophy of a stratified sampling of 10 scans...
November 2016: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864888/ebv-infection-is-prevalent-in-the-adenoid-and-palatine-tonsils-in-adults
#15
Noriko Seishima, Satoru Kondo, Naohiro Wakisaka, Eiji Kobayashi, Tomoko Imoto, Makiko Moriyama-Kita, Yosuke Nakanishi, Kazuhira Endo, Shigeyuki Murono, Hisashi Sugimoto, Miyako Hatano, Takayoshi Ueno, Tomokazu Yoshizaki
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is associated with the pathogenesis of several diseases in both adults and children. However, there have been no reports on the prevalence and amount of EBV in the adenoids of adults; thus, it is important to investigate these in the adenoids and tonsils of adults and children. In this study, 67 patients who underwent tonsillectomy or adenotonsillectomy were included and divided into two groups: adults aged ≥ 16 years (n = 35) and children aged <16 years (n = 32). Patients' adenoid and tonsil tissues were analyzed using quantitative polymerase chain reaction for EBV DNA...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863640/assessment-of-adenotonsillar-size-and-caregiver-reported-sleep-symptoms-among-3-6-year-old-children-undergoing-adenotonsillectomy
#16
Onur Balaban, Hina Walia, Dmitry Tumin, Kris R Jatana, Vidya Raman, Joseph D Tobias
INTRODUCTION: Adenotonsillectomy remains the accepted first-line treatment for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in children. Tonsillar size may be especially relevant in risk stratification as it may impact symptoms of sleep disordered breathing (SDB). This study assesses correlations among subjective tonsillar grading, measured tonsillar size, and degree of adenoid obstruction in patients age 3-6 years with caregiver-reported symptoms. METHODS: Children 3-6 years old undergoing adenotonsillectomy for OSAS were enrolled prospectively...
December 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830016/effects-of-leukotriene-d4-on-adenoidal-t-cells-in-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#17
Yan Shu, Da-Zhi Yang, Jia Liang, Feng Zhang, Bing Wang, Hong-Bing Yao, En-Mei Liu
PURPOSE: This study aims to determine whether leukotriene D4 (LTD4) can promote T cell proliferation in adenoid tissues via activation of CysLT1 receptors in children with OSAS. METHODS: CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cell proliferation was assessed by flow cytometry in adenoid mononuclear cells (AdMCs) stimulated with LTD4 from children with OSAS. The activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways and their effects on the proliferation of CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells in AdMCs were observed by western blotting...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812691/identification-of-the-bacterial-reservoirs-for-the-middle-ear-using-phylogenic-analysis
#18
Chun Ling Chan, David Wabnitz, Ahmed Bassiouni, Peter-John Wormald, Sarah Vreugde, Alkis James Psaltis
Importance: The adenoid pad has long been considered a reservoir for bacteria in the pathogenesis of otitis media with effusion (OME). However, bacteria more reminiscent of external auditory canal (EAC) commensals are often demonstrated within middle ear aspirates. Objective: To compare the microbiota of the EAC, the middle ear with OME, and the adenoid pad to further clarify the true source of middle ear bacteria. Design, Setting, and Participants: Middle ear fluid (MEF) aspirates and EAC lavages were collected from 18 children with OME undergoing ventilation tube insertion from June 1, 2014, to August 31, 2015, at Women and Children's Hospital, Adelaide, Australia...
November 3, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801958/nasal-obstructive-disorders-induce-medical-treatment-failure-in-paediatric-persistent-allergic-rhinitis-the-nodpar-study
#19
Franklin S Mariño-Sánchez, Meritxell Valls-Mateus, Karen Ruiz-Echevarría, Isam Alobid, Paulina Cardenas-Escalante, Rosa Jiménez-Feijoo, Jaime Lozano-Blasco, María T Giner-Muñoz, Jesús Rodríguez-Jorge, Oliver Haag, Ana M Plaza-Martin, Joaquim Mullol
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is the most common chronic disease among children. To characterize the disease, a modified classification of severity (m-ARIA) has recently been validated in AR children. When medical treatment fails, surgery for nasal obstructive disorders (NOD) may be a therapeutic option. Our objective was to assess the prevalence of NOD and their influence in medical treatment response among children with persistent AR (PER). METHODS: In a prospective, real-life study, 130 paediatric PER patients (13...
November 1, 2016: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769628/-obesity-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children
#20
A Amaddeo, L de Sanctis, J Olmo Arroyo, J-P Giordanella, P-J Monteyrol, B Fauroux
Obesity, along with hypertrophy of the adenoids and the tonsils, represents one of the major risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children. Obesity is associated with an increase in the prevalence and the severity of OSA and is a major factor in the persistence and aggravation of OSA over time. Neurocognitive dysfunction and abnormal behavior are the most important and frequent end-organ morbidities associated with OSA in children. Other deleterious consequences such as cardiovascular stress and metabolic syndrome are less common in children than in adults with OSA...
October 18, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
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