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Abdominal laparoscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208922/role-of-routine-subhepatic-abdominal-drain-placement-following-uncomplicated-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-prospective-randomised-study
#1
Ankur Sharma, Sushil Mittal
INTRODUCTION: Routine abdominal drainage after laparoscopy cholecystectomy is an issue of considerable debate. Reason for draining is to detect early bile/blood leak and allow CO2 insufflate during laparoscopy to escape via drain site thereby decreased shoulder tip pain and post-operative nausea and vomiting. But some studies show no difference in post-operative nausea /vomiting/pain between drain and no drain group. AIM: To assess the role of drains following uncomplicated laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207436/multicenter-observational-study-of-adhesion-formation-after-open-and-laparoscopic-surgery-for-colorectal-cancer
#2
Martijn W J Stommel, Richard P G Ten Broek, Chema Strik, Gerrit D Slooter, Cornelis Verhoef, Dirk J Grünhagen, Peter van Duijvendijk, Marc H A Bemelmans, Marcel den Dulk, Colin Sietses, Tjarda N T van Heek, Peter B van den Boezem, Johannes H W de Wilt, Harry van Goor
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare adhesion formation after laparoscopic and open colorectal cancer resection. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: After colorectal surgery, most patients develop adhesions, with a high burden of complications. Laparoscopy seems to reduce adhesion formation, but evidence is poor. Trials comparing open- and laparoscopic colorectal surgery have never assessed adhesion formation. METHODS: Data on adhesions were gathered during resection of colorectal liver metastases...
February 15, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194637/robotic-assisted-laparoscopy-in-reproductive-surgery-a-contemporary-review
#3
REVIEW
Jayapriya Jayakumaran, Sejal D Patel, Bhushan K Gangrade, Deepa Maheswari Narasimhulu, Soundarya Ramanatha Pandian, Celso Silva
Robotic surgery is a conceptual fusion of the conventional open surgery and the minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery. We reviewed the current role of robotic-assisted laparoscopy in the field of reproductive surgery by a literature search in PubMed database. We analyzed the reported advantages and limitations of the use of robotics in reproductive surgeries like myomectomy, tubal reanastomosis, endometriosis, ovarian tissue cryopreservation, and ovarian transposition. Overall, robotic assistance in reproductive surgery resulted in decreased blood loss, less post-operative pain, shorter hospital stay, and faster convalescence, whereas reproductive outcomes were similar to open/laparoscopic approaches...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191357/metastatic-invasive-lobular-breast-cancer-presenting-clinically-with-esophageal-dysphagia
#4
Lilit Karapetyan, Heather Laird-Fick, Reuben Cuison
Background. Intra-abdominal metastases of invasive lobular breast cancer (ILBC) may be insidious. We report a case of metastatic ILBC that presented with dysphagia within weeks of a negative mammogram and before the development of intra-abdominal symptoms. Case. A 70-year-old female developed esophageal dysphagia. She underwent EGD which showed a short segment of stricture of the distal esophagus without significant mucosal changes. Biopsy was unremarkable and patient underwent lower esophageal sphincter (LES) dilation...
2017: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183569/gastric-regurgitation-in-patients-undergoing-gynecological-laparoscopy-with-a-laryngeal-mask-airway-a-prospective-observational-study
#5
Jeconias Lemos, Gildasio S De Oliveira, Hugo Eckner Dantas de Pereira Cardoso, Lavínia Dantas Cardoso Neiva Lemos, Lígia Raquel de Carvalho, Norma Suely Pinheiro Módolo
OBJECTIVE: The use of pneumoperitonium and the placement of patients in Trendelenburg position are commonly cited reasons for the potential development of intraoperative regurgitation of gastric contents and the need for an endotracheal tube in laparoscopic surgery. The main objective of the current investigation was to evaluate the presence of regurgitation of gastric contents in the oropharynx of patients having laparoscopic gynecological surgery with a laryngeal mask airway (LMA). DESIGN: Prospective, observational clinical investigation...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180124/does-a-negative-emergency-celiotomy-exclude-the-possibility-of-significant-diaphragmatic-injury-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Alireza Hamidian Jahromi, David Pennywell, John T Owings
INTRODUCTION: Diaphragmatic rupture (DR) is an uncommon, potentially serious complication following blunt or penetrating abdominal trauma. Even with a high index of suspicion, the diagnosis of DR can easily be missed for a long period post injury. Delayed or missed diagnosis [delayed diagnosis of diaphragmatic rupture (DDDR)] and delayed diaphragmatic rupture (DDR) are possible explanations in cases where the initial operative exploration fails to show the diaphragmatic damage. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we present a patient with suspected DR that was not seen on initial open abdominal exploration, but was suggested by subsequent serial imaging...
September 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179200/laparoscopic-management-of-abdomininal-pregnancy
#7
Francesco Cosentino, Cristiano Rossitto, Luigi Carlo Turco, Salvatore Gueli Alletti, Carmine Vascone, Lavinia Di Meglio, Giovanni Scambia, Mario Malzoni
CASE REPORT OBJECTIVE: To show the surgical management in laparoscopy of a particular localization of an extra-uterine pregnancy misunderstood until 12 week of EG complicated by hemoperitoneum and abortion. BACKGROUND: The prevalence of ectopic pregnancy among women who go to an emergency department with first trimester bleeding, pain, or both ranges from 1 to 16 percent [1]. The most common localization of ectopic pregnancy are the Fallopian tubes while abdominal pregnancy represent at least 1 percent of extra-uterine pregnancies...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173770/screening-for-genital-tuberculosis-in-a-limited-resource-country-case-report
#8
Sadie Namani, Emine Qehaja-Buçaj, Diellëza Namani
BACKGROUND: Screening for benign or malignant process of pelvis in young females is a challenge for a physician in a limited resource country. Tuberculosis should be always considered in the differential diagnosis of a pelvic mass in countries with high prevalence of tuberculosis. Negative results of analysis of peritoneal fluid for acid-fast staining, late cultures, and unavailability of new diagnostics methods such as polymerase chain reaction and adenosine deaminase of the aspirated fluid from peritoneal cavity can often result in invasive diagnostic procedures such as laparotomy...
February 7, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167457/laparoscopic-diagnosis-and-repair-of-spigelian-hernia-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Raul Mederos, Jose R Lamas, Javier Alvarado, Moises Matos, Ivett Padron, Anika Ramos
INTRODUCTION: Spigelian hernias are a rare type of hernia which protrude through the abdominal wall at the semilunar line. They are especially difficult to diagnose due to their location and non-specific symptoms and are often overlooked because of their positioning between muscular layers. Patients may present with localized pain which can aid the diagnosis. CT and ultrasound are also helpful. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present the case of a 75-year-old female patient who presented to Hialeah Hospital with a one-year history of abdominal pain localized to the left lower quadrant...
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157643/ratios-of-biochemical-markers-in-peritoneal-fluid-to-those-in-venous-blood-for-the-diagnosis-of-ruptured-tubal-pregnancy-a-prospective-study
#10
Xiao-Lu Zhu, Zhuo-Wei Xue, Yan-Li Xu, Juan Wang, Zhi-Hong Ai, Yin-Cheng Teng
OBJECTIVES: Ectopic pregnancies are among the leading causes of maternal morbidity and mortality in both developed and emerging nations, but tests for early, accurate, and convenient detection are lacking. STUDY DESIGN: Between January 2013 and February 2015, 504 women with tubal pregnancy were prospectively recruited, and their clinical characteristics were recorded. Samples of peritoneal fluid were collected by culdocentesis, and venous blood was drawn from the antecubital vein...
January 18, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143444/peritoneal-and-genital-coccidioidomycosis-in-an-otherwise-healthy-danish-female-a-case-report
#11
Ole Bæk, Karen Astvad, Reza Serizawa, Lawrence J Wheat, Pia T Brenøe, Ann-Brit E Hansen
BACKGROUND: Coccidioidomycosis is a fungal infection that usually presents as a primary lung infection. The fungus is endemic to the Southwest United States of America, northern Mexico and parts of Central and South America the infection is rare outside these areas. However, some patients develop disseminated infection that can lie dormant for several years and can present itself in travelers. We report the first case of extra pulmonary Coccidioidomycosis in a non-immunocompromised individual in Denmark...
January 31, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140311/-wandering-spleen-an-unusual-cause-of-acute-abdomen
#12
Laura Mattioni, María Elena Peña, Maximiliano Ringa, Francisco Schlottmann, Gustavo Bugari
Wandering spleen syndrome is a rare condition in which absence or laxity of splenic fixing elements predisposes to an unusual location in the abdomen and an increasing risk of twisting and infarction. Its etiology may be congenital or acquired and clinical presentation is variable. Diagnosis is based on clinical suspicion, laboratory and imaging. Surgery is the only definitive treatment for this pathology. We report the case of a 23 year old woman with a history of recurrent episodes of abdominal pain in the left upper quadrant since childhood...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133336/-a-case-of-an-elderly-patient-with-unresectable-gastric-cancer-treated-by-paclitaxel-and-ramucirumab
#13
Yutaka Kimura, Yoichi Makari, Johta Mikami, Junpei Yoshimura, Toshiya Inoue, Genta Sawada, Shin Nakahira, Jun Yamamura, Shunji Kamigaki, Ken Nakata, Tameyoshi Yamamoto, Naoki Ikeda, Masaki Tsujie, Junya Fujita, Hiroki Ohzato
An 80-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with appetite loss in December 2014. Gastroduodenal scope, abdominal computed tomography(CT), and laparoscopy revealed type 4 advanced gastric cancer(poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma) with multiple lymph node(LN)involvement and multiple peritoneal metastasis. S-1(80mg/body)was administrated between January 2015 and September 2015 in the outpatient clinic. A partial response was obtained, but a gastric tumor, ascites, and LN re-growth were observed. Since October 2015, paclitaxel(PTX)(70mg/m2; day 1, 8, and 15)and ramucir- umab(RAM)(8mg/kg; day 1 and 15)have been administered...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133311/-a-case-of-appendiceal-mucinous-cystadenoma-treated-using-laparoscopic-appendectomy
#14
Daiki Marukawa, Shingo Noura, Harunobu Yasuyama, Tae Matsumura, Chikato Koga, Akihiro Takata, Chizu Kameda, Masahiro Murakami, Ryohei Kawabata, Masaki Hirota, Junzo Shimizu, Hideaki Miwa, Junichi Hasegawa
A 73 year-old woman who was treated for breast cancer and visited our hospital regularly was suspected of having a mucinous cystadenoma of the appendix. Malignancy could not be determined using abdominal computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, or colonoscopy. Even if mucinous cystadenoma is benign, there is the possibility that the tumor will rupture, discharge its contents, and cause pseudomyxoma peritonei. We performed laparoscopic appendectomy. According to the histopathological results, the tumor was diagnosed as a low grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasm...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133153/-a-case-of-gist-in-the-small-intestine-diagnosed-via-ct-after-repeated-melena-and-removed-by-laparoscopy-assisted-surgery
#15
Hiroyuki Notani, Daisuke Asano, Naoto Fujiwara, Toru Kawamura, Yasushi Sato, Akira Nakashima
A 63-year-old man visited an emergency outpatient unit with the chief complaints of melena and lightheadedness. At the time of the visit, blood tests showed Hb of 4.3 g/dL, suggesting severe anemia, and he exhibited repeated melena, even after hospitalization. Small intestinal bleeding was suspected during endoscopic examination of the lower gastrointestinal tract, and abdominalCT examination suggested a 3.5 cm tumor-like lesion in the jejunum. He was diagnosed as having bleeding of a tumor in the small intestine and consequently underwent laparoscopic surgery...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120132/three-trocars-laparoscopic-total-gastrectomy-d2-lymphadenectomy-with-intracorporeal-manual-esojejunostomy
#16
Giovanni Dapri, Maria Galdon Gomez, Guy-Bernard Cadière, Han-Kwang Yang
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is proved to be feasible and safe oncologically. In the past decade, a new philosophy of MIS, reducing abdominal trauma and improving the cosmetic results, has been popularized. (1-3) The authors report a three trocars laparoscopic total gastrectomy + D2 lymphadenectomy for lesser curvature gastric adenocarcinoma. VIDEO: A 52-year-old woman presenting a nondifferentiated gastric adenocarcinoma at the incisura angularis was admitted at consultation...
January 24, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112798/multidisciplinary-perioperative-protocol-in-patients-undergoing-acute-high-risk-abdominal-surgery
#17
L T Tengberg, M Bay-Nielsen, T Bisgaard, M Cihoric, M L Lauritsen, N B Foss
BACKGROUND: Acute high-risk abdominal (AHA) surgery carries a very high risk of morbidity and mortality and represents a massive healthcare burden. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of a standardized multidisciplinary perioperative protocol in patients undergoing AHA surgery. METHODS: The AHA study was a prospective single-centre controlled study in consecutive patients undergoing AHA surgery, defined as major abdominal pathology requiring emergency laparotomy or laparoscopy including reoperations after elective gastrointestinal surgery...
January 23, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107276/the-effect-of-deep-versus-moderate-neuromuscular-block-on-surgical-conditions-and-postoperative-respiratory-function-in-bariatric-laparoscopic-surgery-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#18
Sam Baete, Gerd Vercruysse, Margot Vander Laenen, Pieter De Vooght, Jeroen Van Melkebeek, Dimitri Dylst, Maud Beran, Jan Van Zundert, René Heylen, Willem Boer, Sam Van Boxstael, Tom Fret, Hans Verhelst, Cathy De Deyne, Frank Jans, Pascal Vanelderen
BACKGROUND: In recent literature, it has been suggested that deep neuromuscular block (NMB) improves surgical conditions during laparoscopy; however, the evidence supporting this statement is limited, and this was not investigated in laparoscopic bariatric surgery. Moreover, residual NMB could impair postoperative respiratory function. We tested the hypotheses that deep NMB could improve the quality of surgical conditions for laparoscopic bariatric surgery compared with moderate NMB and investigated whether deep NMB puts patients at risk for postoperative respiratory impairment compared with moderate NMB...
January 19, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105356/conversion-therapy-for-pancreatic-cancer-with-peritoneal-metastases-using-intravenous-and-intraperitoneal-paclitaxel-with-s-1
#19
Hiromitsu Kitayama, Yasushi Tsuji, Tomohiro Kondo, Junko Sugiyama, Michiaki Hirayama, Kazuyuki Yamamoto, You Kawarada, Yumiko Oyamada, Satoshi Hirano
Combination chemotherapy consisting of systemic and intraperitoneal agents against peritoneal metastases from several types of cancer has shown promising results. We herein report a case in which combination therapy with intravenous and intraperitoneal paclitaxel with S-1 converted an unresectable pancreatic cancer with peritoneal metastases into a resectable one. The patient was a 65-year old woman with recurrent pancreatitis for 5 months. Endoscopic ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration revealed minute epithelial masses composed of cells with irregular nuclei in the pancreatic body...
December 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104721/gastrointestinal-stromal-tumour-gist-presenting-as-a-strangulated-inguinal-hernia-with-small-bowel-obstruction
#20
Marco Massani, Giovanni Capovilla, Cesare Ruffolo, Nicolò Bassi
Gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs) can arise everywhere along the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Their presentation in unusual locations should always be taken into account. A 74-year-old man referred to the emergency department for small bowel obstruction caused by an incarcerated inguinal hernia. A CT scan showed a mesenchymal tumour originating from the herniated bowel loop and a mass in the ascending colon. Laparoscopic resection of the mass and laparoscopic right hemicolectomy were performed. The histology showed a ruptured GIST arising from the herniated small bowel and a high-grade dysplasia villous adenoma of the right colon...
January 19, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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