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Abdominal laparoscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042927/novel-type-of-peritoneocentesis-trocar-assisted-distal-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-placement-with-supervision-via-a-one-port-laparoscope
#1
Guangming Wang, Jinlu Yu, Yongxin Luan, Yanwu Han, Shuanglin Fu
Ventriculoperitoneal shunts (VPS) are the primary treatment for hydrocephalus and are associated with a high risk of complications, specifically in patients who are obese or have abdominal adhesions or shunt revisions. The present study describes the use of a novel type of peritoneal catheter peritoneocentesis trocar insertion with the assistance of a one-port laparoscope. A total of 36 patients with hydrocephalus underwent this novel type of peritoneocentesis trocar-assisted VPS. The distal shunt catheter was placed into the right subdiaphragmatic space and the catheter was traversed through a single hole drilled through the liver falciform ligament...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037192/retroperitoneal-ectopic-pregnancy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Man Yang, Lamu Cidan, Dan Zhang
BACKGROUND: Retroperitoneal ectopic pregnancy (REP) is an extremely rare type of ectopic pregnancy, with a total of less than 20 cases reported in the English literature. However, failure to recognize REP may result in severe consequences. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of 32-year-old woman with REP. She had amenorrhea, left lower abdominal pain, but no vaginal bleeding. Her urine human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) test was positive and blood HCG level was 1880 m-international units per milliliter (mIU/mL)...
October 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033773/laparoscopic-resection-of-a-jejunal-mesenteric-pseudocyst
#3
Takumi Yamabuki, Masato Suzuoki, Tsuzuku Murakami, Satoshi Hirano
An unusual case of a jejunal mesenteric pseudocyst treated by laparoscopic resection is reported. A 44-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with intermittent upper abdominal pain and diarrhea. Physical examination revealed slight periumbilical tenderness, and no masses were palpable. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed a 4-cm-sized nonenhancing high-density mass with a heterogeneous pattern on a proximal small bowel loop. Based on these findings, a gastrointestinal stromal tumor accompanied by hemorrhagic and cystic change, a mesenteric hematoma, or a desmoid tumor was diagnosed...
September 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032253/laparoscopic-dissection-of-extensive-secondary-disseminated-peritoneal-leiomyomatosis-dpl
#4
Karicha Mairaing, Kuan-Gen Huang
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a minimal invasive surgical (MIS) technique for curative excision of extensive secondary disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis (DPL). SETTING: In MIS, the myoma has to be divided into small fragments for piecemeal retrieval through a small incision [1], a widely used technique is morcellation (confined or unconfined) [2]. Disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis (DPL) is a rare sequel following laparoscopic morcellation. Since this entity is rarely reported, this video demonstrates laparoscopic technique for safe removal of DPL post laparoscopic myomectomy and morcellation...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032067/a-rare-case-of-gestational-choriocarcinoma-presenting-as-cornual-ectopic-pregnancy
#5
Vanessa Han, Stephen Kaye
BACKGROUND: Choriocarcinoma associated with cornual pregnancy is extremely rare. To our knowledge, only three other cases have been reported in the literature. CASE: A 38-year-old woman was found to have a left cornual ectopic pregnancy on ultrasound after presenting with abdominal pain, irregular vaginal bleeding, and a positive pregnancy test. Laparoscopy confirmed the diagnosis and she underwent total abdominal hysterectomy. Three weeks later, she presented with vaginal bleeding...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026518/castleman-s-disease-a-rare-presentation-in-a-retroperitoneal-accessory-spleen-treated-with-a-minimally-invasive-robotic-approach
#6
Fabio Sbrana, Dimin Zhou, Ina Zamfirova, Nathaniel Leonardi
Unicentric Castleman's disease (UCD) is a rare disorder of unknown etiology characterized by localized lymphoid tissue proliferation and interfollicular hypervascularity. A 33-year-old Caucasian female presented with vague abdominal discomfort and pain with pressure. Ultrasound and computed tomography detected a large peripancreatic mass. Robotic-assisted resection of the mass along with en bloc dissection of the encased left adrenal gland was done. Frozen section examination confirmed UCD hyaline vascular variant in a retroperitoneal accessory spleen...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019885/two-incision-laparoscopic-appendectomy-for-a-severe-hemophilia-a-child-patient-with-coagulation-factor-vii-deficiency-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#7
Jin Peng He, Jie Xiong Feng
RATIONALE: The main complication of patients with severe hemophilia is recurrent bleeding events that usually affected musculoskeletal contractures. And replacement therapy methods were continuously improved to minimize adverse impacts brought by those complications. However, only several cases reported about the appendectomy for hemophilia A. We report a case of acute appendicitis treated by two-incision laparoscopy in a boy with hemophilia A and coagulation factor VII deficiency for the first time...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019560/pancreatoduodenectomy-brazilian-practice-patterns
#8
Orlando Jorge M Torres, Eduardo de Souza M Fernandes, Rodrigo Rodrigues Vasques, Fabio Luís Waechter, Paulo Cezar G Amaral, Marcelo Bruno de Rezende, Roland Montenegro Costa, André Luís Montagnini
BACKGROUND: Pancreatoduodenectomy is a technically challenging surgical procedure with an incidence of postoperative complications ranging from 30% to 61%. The procedure requires a high level of experience, and to minimize surgery-related complications and mortality, a high-quality standard surgery is imperative. AIM: To understand the Brazilian practice patterns for pancreatoduodenectomy. METHOD: A questionnaire was designed to obtain an overview of the surgical practice in pancreatic cancer, specific training, and experience in pancreatoduodenectomy...
July 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018940/laparoscopy-or-laparotomy-for-adhesive-bowel-obstruction-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Hiromu Miyake, Shogo Seo, Agostino Pierro
PURPOSE: Adhesive small bowel obstruction (ASBO) is one of the most important cause of postoperative morbidity in children who underwent abdominal surgery. Laparoscopic management for ASBO in pediatric patients has been reported. However, its safety and efficacy has not been evaluated in details. The aim of this study is to compare the outcomes of laparoscopy and laparotomy for the treatment of ASBO in children. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed following the Cochrane Handbook for systematic reviews of intervention and the preferred reporting item for systematic reviews and meta-analysis (PRISMA) and a protocol registered in PROSPERO (CRD42017067914)...
October 10, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016511/change-in-surgical-practice-for-women-with-leiomyomas-after-the-u-s-food-and-drug-administration-morcellator-safety-communication
#10
Nina M Clark, Michael Schembri, Vanessa L Jacoby
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) communication discouraging use of power morcellators on changes in surgical practice for women with uterine leiomyomas. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study using data from 2013 to 2014 in the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project State Inpatient and State Ambulatory Surgical Databases from Arizona, Florida, Kentucky, and New Jersey. Women with a diagnosis of leiomyomas who underwent hysterectomy or myomectomy were included in the analysis...
October 6, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990176/validation-of-subjective-rating-scales-for-assessment-of-surgical-workspace-during-laparoscopy
#11
G G Nervil, R Medici, J L D Thomsen, A K Staehr-Rye, S Asadzadeh, J Rosenberg, M R Gätke, M V Madsen
BACKGROUND: Recently, studies have focused on how to optimize laparoscopic surgical workspace by changes in intra-abdominal pressure, level of muscle relaxation or body position, typically evaluated by surgeons using subjective rating scales. We aimed to validate two rating scales by having surgeons assess surgical workspace in video sequences recorded during laparoscopic surgery. METHOD: Video sequences were obtained from laparoscopic procedures. Eight experienced surgeons assessed the video sequences on a categorical 5-point scale and a numerical 10-point rating scale...
November 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982276/it-is-time-for-a-better-clip-applier-3%C3%A2-mm-percutaneous-non-crushing-and-locking
#12
Jonathan B Yuval, Daniel J Weiss, Adrian Paz, Yehuda Bachar, Ronit Brodie, Yinon Shapira, Yoav Mintz
INTRODUCTION: Since the advent of laparoscopy there have been attempts to minimize abdominal wall incisions. For this purpose smaller instruments have been produced. Our aim was to develop the first 3 mm percutaneous clip applier and to make it better than the standard clips of today. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The ClipTip clip is made of Nitinol and has a crocodile shaped jaws, which when apposed effectively seal vessels. The shaft operates as a retractable needle permitting percutaneous insertion...
October 6, 2017: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980063/evaluation-of-two-staged-fowler-stephens-laparoscopic-orchidopexy-fslo-for-intra-abdominal-testes-iat
#13
Deepak Bagga, Ashish Prasad, Shabnam Bhandari Grover, Nidhi Sugandhi, Narender Tekchandani, Samir Kant Acharya, Amat Samie
INTRODUCTION: The best operative intervention for intrabdominal testis (IAT) has not been standardized as yet. The question of whether to bring down an IAT with a single-staged vessel-intact laparoscopic orchidopexy (VILO) or a two-staged laparoscopic Fowler-Stephens orchidopexy (FSLO) is still undergoing debate, with both the procedures being popular. The present study has been designed to evaluate the factors predicting the success or failure of two-staged FSLO for (IAT). METHODS: 43 boys with 49 non-palpable testes underwent diagnostic laparoscopy out of which 35 underwent two-staged FSLO...
October 4, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979769/single-incision-laparoscopic-surgery-in-gynecologic-surgery-a-single-institutional-experience-from-saudi-arabia
#14
Kareemah Salamah, Mohammed Abuzaid, Ahmed Abu-Zaid
Background: Laparoscopy is rapidly replacing laparotomy in the field of gynecologic surgery. Generally, there are limited data concerning the utility of single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) in gynecologic surgery. Specifically, in Saudi Arabia, a third-world country, data are further limited; only one related study has been conducted so far. The purpose of this study is to retrospectively report our single-institutional experience of SILS in terms of feasibility, safety and perioperative outcomes in the management of various gynecologic conditions...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976805/single-port-and-conventional-laparoscopy-in-colorectal-surgery-comparison-of-two-techniques
#15
Udit Gibor, Zvi Perry, Sergey Domchik, Solly Mizrahi, Boris Kirshtein
BACKGROUND: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) was introduced to further the enhanced outcome of conventional multiport laparoscopy (CML). We compared their short- and long-term outcomes in colorectal surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of patients who underwent elective laparoscopic colorectal surgery during 3-year period. Patients' data, surgery outcomes, and oncological results were compared. RESULTS: Sixty-one patients (33 male, 28 female), mean age 67...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974880/neonatal-appendicitis-and-incarcerated-inguinal-hernia-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Francesco Fascetti-Leon, William Sherwood
Neonatal appendicitis carries a high mortality rate. We describe a peculiar case presented after an incarcerated hernia manually reduced in a 4-week-old male neonate with ipsilateral undescended testis. Laparoscopy allowed a prompt recognition of an unexpected intra-abdominal life-threatening condition. Pathogenesis, treatment, and outcome are discussed on the light of a comprehensive literature review.
October 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974876/laparoscopy-in-the-evaluation-of-impalpable-testes-and-its-short-term-outcomes-a-7-years-experience
#17
Rajarshi Kumar, Kartik Chandra Mandal, Pankaj Halder, Md Hadiuzzaman, Madhumita Mukhopadhyay, Biswanath Mukhopadhyay
AIMS: The aim of this study is to report and analyze results of laparoscopy in impalpable testes performed between 2009 and 2016 and its short-term outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Demographic data, laterality, laparoscopic findings, operative time, procedure, hospital stay, complications, and follow-up data of 76 patients with 79 impalpable testes from 2009 to 2016 were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Successful outcome was defined as maintenance of intrascrotal position with no atrophy at a follow-up of at least 6 months...
October 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960047/port-site-metastasis-of-uterine-carcinosarcoma-after-laparoscopy
#18
Zhen Tan, Ang Li, Long Chen, XiaoWen Xu, ChuanGang Fu
We report a case of port-site metastasis after laparoscopic surgery for early stage uterine carcinosarcoma (UCS) and review the related literature. A 53-year-old woman with suspected uterine malignance underwent a total laparoscopic hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, infra-colic omentectomy, and pelvic lymphadenectomy resulting pathologically in a stage IA UCS. Twelve months later she developed a palpable abdominal-wall mass at the trocar site without other synchronous metastases. A mass resection was performed and it was pathologically diagnosed with port-site metastasis of UCS...
November 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959429/elective-laparoscopic-repair-after-reduction-might-be-useful-strategy-for-incarcerated-obturator-hernia-a-case-report
#19
Atsushi Kohga, Akihiro Kawabe, Yuchen Cao, Kiyoshige Yajima, Takuya Okumura, Kimihiro Yamashita, Jun Isogaki, Kenji Suzuki
Obturator hernia is a rare clinical condition that causes intestinal obstruction. Recent reports have suggested that laparoscopic repair may be useful for incarcerated obturator hernia in select patients. The patient was a 64-year-old female who presented to our emergency department with a chief complaint of abdominal pain. Computed tomography (CT) imaging revealed an incarcerated obturator hernia on her right side, without apparent findings of irreversible ischaemic change or perforation. She had a previous history of cardiovascular surgery and was taking an anticoagulant medication...
September 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957773/a-rare-case-report-describing-the-relation-between-sweet-syndrome-and-spontaneous-recurrent-peritonitis
#20
Y Rajjoub, N Saffaf, A Goodman
INTRODUCTION: Sweet syndrome (acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis) is a subset of rare inflammatory disorders, first described by Dr. Robert Douglas Sweet in 1964 (Sweet, 1964). The co-existence of Sweet syndrome and spontaneous recurrent peritonitis has never been previously mentioned in the medical literature. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of a 37-year old female patient with known idiopathic Sweet syndrome, diagnosed on skin biopsy, who presented with multiple episodes of spontaneous peritonitis...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
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