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Abdominal laparoscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820422/-the-frequency-of-factors-contributing-to-the-formation-of-adhesions-in-the-abdominal-cavity-in-women
#1
F Akhmedov
To determine the major factor that contributed to the formation of adhesions in the abdominal cavity in women with a history of surgical interventions, examined 86 women with adhesive disease (main group) in the past have suffered various surgeries. The average age of patients was 35,7±5,6 years. Clinical examination of patients included a collection of complaints, anamnesis of disease and life, physical examination. The degree of adhesion process in the abdominal cavity was evaluated according to the classification of the American Fertility Society (R-AFS, 1985) and the macroscopic scale proposed by N...
July 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819682/laparoscopy-or-laparotomy-as-the-way-of-entrance-in-myoma-enucleation
#2
REVIEW
Cristina Cezar, Sven Becker, Attilio di Spiezio Sardo, Anja Herrmann, Angelika Larbig, Vasilis Tanos, Luz Angela Torres de la Roche, Hugo Christian Verhoeven, Markus Wallwiener, Rudy Leon De Wilde
PURPOSE: Uterine myomas are the main cause of benign uterine diseases in premenopausal women. Objective of the present paper is to investigate the current best treatment modalities of myomas, depending on age of the patient and her desire to preserve fertility, as well as on clinical presentation of this pathology, such as size, number, and location of fibroids and, furthermore, on surgical experience of the gynecologist. METHODS: The design of our work is a systematic literature review of existing studies, reviews, and meta-analysis conducted in PubMed and Cochrane Library to identify relevant literature...
August 17, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816771/primary-omental-torsion-in-a-pediatric-patient-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Emad S Madha, Timothy D Kane, Mioara D Manole
Primary omental torsion is a rare cause of acute abdominal pain with a clinical presentation resembling acute appendicitis. Here, we report the case of a 7-year-old child presenting with right lower quadrant pain. Primary omental torsion was discovered upon laparoscopy, and the torsed omentum was excised without postoperative complications. Potential causes, contributing factors, diagnosis, and treatment are discussed.
July 3, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816297/-perirenal-cystic-lymphangioma-in-an-adult-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
W He, Y C Hao, H Z Xia, R Z Ma, B Yang, J Lu
Lymphangioma is a rare, benign mesenchymal neoplasm, which is characterized by numerous intercommunicating cystic spaces containing lymphatic fluid. It is considered a congenital disease resulting from the obstruction of regional lymph drainage during the developmental period. Lymphangioma frequently occurs in the cervical neck and axilla, also in the retroperitoneum, mediastinum, mesentery, omentum, colon, and pelvis, rarely in the perirenal space. These tumors usually present in childhood, but infrequently, these also present in adults...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812202/diagnosis-of-inguinal-hernia-by-prone-vs-supine-position-computed-tomography
#5
A Miyaki, K Yamaguchi, S Kishibe, A Ida, T Miyauchi, Y Naritaka
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of prone-position computed tomography (CT) for detecting and classifying inguinal hernia relative to supine-position CT before laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. METHODS: Seventy-nine patients who underwent laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal repair of inguinal hernia were enrolled in this prospective study. Patients diagnosed with inguinal hernia by physical examination underwent abdominal CT in the supine and prone positions for preoperative assessment...
August 10, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801924/foramen-epiploicum-mesh-closure-femc-through-a-ventral-midline-laparotomy
#6
T van Bergen, A Rötting, P Wiemer, S Schauvliege, K Vanderperren, F Ugahary, A Martens
BACKGROUND: Preventive laparoscopic closure of the epiploic foramen (EF) has previously been described, but methods for EF closure during laparotomy for treatment of colic are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To describe the Foramen Epiploicum Mesh Closure (FEMC) technique through a ventral midline laparotomy in horses under general anaesthesia and its outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Terminal surgical experiment and in vivo study. METHODS: In a pilot study a standard ventral midline laparotomy was performed under general anaesthesia in 10 experimental horses and a three-dimensional expandable diabolo-shaped mesh construct was manually introduced through the EF into the omental vestibule...
August 12, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800576/heterotopic-pregnancy-including-intrauterine-normal-gestation-and-tubal-complete-hydatidiform-mole-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Dan Lu, Jian Jenny Tang, Konstantin Zakashansky, Ross S Berkowitz, Tamara Kalir, Yuxin Liu
We report a rare case of heterotopic pregnancy with intrauterine normal gestation alongside tubal complete hydatidiform mole (CHM) that resulted in a viable pregnancy after removal of molar tissue. Because of their rarity and inherent complexity, such cases represent a significant challenge in diagnosis and management. A 34-year-old female in her 10th week of gestation presented with nausea, vomiting, and intermittent abdominal pain that progressively worsened. Imaging studies revealed a normal intrauterine fetus and an 11-cm heterogenous mass in the left adnexal region...
September 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799045/trauma-laparoscopy-when-to-start-and-when-to-convert
#8
Oleh Matsevych, Modise Koto, Moses Balabyeki, Colleen Aldous
BACKGROUND: The use of laparoscopy for stable patients with abdominal trauma is increasing and its accuracy is nearly 100%. However, indications for laparoscopy and for conversion differ among centers. The aim of this study was to investigate indications for trauma laparoscopy and for conversion to laparotomy. METHODS: All trauma patients managed with laparoscopy over a 4-year period were retrospectively analyzed. Indications for laparoscopy, morbidity, and reasons for conversion were investigated and predictors of morbidity and conversion were sought...
August 10, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798242/a-rare-urological-presentation-of-appendicitis
#9
Nick Simson, Thomas Stonier, Alberto Coscione, Ahmed Qteishat
A 17-year-old boy with no medical comorbidities, but a significant family history of malignancy, presented to Accident and Emergency following 3 days of increasing rectal pain, symptoms of bladder outflow obstruction (poor flow, intermittent stream and hesitancy) and dysuria. Notably he had no abdominal pain. Digital rectal examination revealed a tender, enlarged prostate. Inflammatory markers were significantly raised (white cell count 17.7, C reactive protein 191). He was diagnosed clinically as prostatitis and commenced on intravenous antibiotics...
August 10, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791274/successful-laparoscopic-management-of-uterine-serosal-pregnancy
#10
Gee Hee Seo, Hyun Jung Lee, Ji-Hyun Jang, Min Chul Choi, Chan Lee, Gwangil Kim
Uterine serosal pregnancy is an extremely rare form of ectopic pregnancy. This is a report of a 35-year-old primigravida woman who was diagnosed with uterine serosal pregnancy via laparoscopic intervention. A 35-year-old woman (gravida 1, para 0) was referred from a local clinic for a ruptured left tubal pregnancy at amenorrhea 5+0 weeks with elevated serum beta human chorionic gonadotropin (16,618 mIU/mL). A pregnancy on the left posterior wall of the uterine serosa was diagnosed during the operation and successfully treated with laparoscopic surgery as a conservative management strategy to enable fertility preservation...
July 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782746/comparison-of-single-port-and-conventional-laparoscopic-abdominoperineal-resection
#11
Nikolaj Nerup, Steffen Rosenstock, Orhan Bulut
BACKGROUND: Within the last two decades, surgical treatment of colorectal cancer has changed dramatically from large abdominal incisions to minimal access surgery. In the recent years, single port (SP) surgery has spawned from conventional laparoscopic surgery. The purpose of this study was to compare conventional with SP laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection (LAPR) for rectal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a single-center non-randomised retrospective comparative study of prospectively collected data on 53 patients who underwent abdominoperineal resection for low rectal cancer; 41 with conventional laparoscopy and 12 with SP surgery...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767805/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-postoperative-pulmonary-complications-in-patients-undergoing-thoracic-and-abdominal-surgeries
#12
Ana Carolina de Ávila, Romero Fenili
Objective: to determine the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications in patients undergoing abdominal and thoracic surgery and investigate the risk factors for their occurrence. Methods: we conducted a prospective, observational and analytical study with all the patients undergoing thoracic and abdominal surgeries at the Santo Antônio Hospital in Blumenau, SC. We collected data from medical records and structured interviews with patients, regarding the characteristics of patients and procedures...
May 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765785/solitary-ulcer-in-cecum-mimicking-a-carcinoma-a-case-report
#13
Mauricio González-Urquijo, Javier Rojas-Méndez, Lucas O Tijerina-Gomez
INTRODUCTION: Solitary ulcers in the colon are rare and infrequent; little over 200 cases have been reported in medical literature. We present a case of a patient presenting with a solitary colonic ulcer associated with NSAIDs intake, mimicking a malignant lesion. A review of the literature is also revised. PRESENTATION OF CASE: 68- year-old female patient with past history of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) intake for chronic pain, complaining of severe abdominal pain was admitted to our teaching hospital...
September 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764244/a-rare-case-of-intestinal-malrotation-and-volvulus-of-jejunum-with-coexisting-carcinoid-tumour-of-appendix
#14
Priyanka Tiwari, Darshan Patel, Vimal Dhaduk, Prasanna Kumar Reddy, Jainudeen Khalander Abdul Jameel
Malrotation of the midgut is generally regarded as a paediatric pathology. It is rare in adults. Patients may present with symptoms of acute bowel obstruction or chronic abdominal pain. Barium study, Contrast Enhanced Computed Tomography (CECT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), diagnostic laparoscopy and sometimes explorative laparotomy are used for diagnosis. Ladd's procedure through the open approach has been the treatment of choice for complete malrotation of midgut, however there are reports on successful outcome for both complete and incomplete malrotation after laparoscopic approach as well...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759827/double-cystic-duct-a-review-of-literature-with-report-of-a-new-case
#15
Abdulwahid M Salih, F H Kakamad, Shvan H Mohammed, Rawezh Q Salih, Imad J Habibullah, Aso S Muhialdeen, Hiwa Fatih
INTRODUCTION: Although cystic duct variation is quite common, duplication of cystic duct is an extreme rare variant. We report a case of double cystic duct with literature review. A 33-year old female presented with right upper quadrant pain of three day duration, associated with nausea and poor appetite. The patient reported previous three attacks of right upper quadrant pain within the last two years. On examination: Murphy's sign was positive and the right upper quadrant was tender...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755615/abdominal-leiomyosarcomatosis-after-surgery-with-external-morcellation-for-occult-smooth-muscle-tumors-of-uncertain-malignant-potential-a-case-report
#16
Antonio Macciò, Giacomo Chiappe, Paraskevas Kotsonis, Fabrizio Lavra, Michele Serra, Roberto Demontis, Clelia Madeddu
INTRODUCTION: Although rare, cases of abdominal sarcomatosis (AS) after laparotomy/laparoscopic interventions for uterine smooth muscle tumors of uncertain malignant potential (STUMP) have been reported. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We describe a rare case of diffuse abdominal sarcomatosis in a patient that some year earlier had undergone myomectomy for a suspected uterine myoma, which was histologically proven to be a STUMP. Once the patient was admitted at our Department, she underwent a diagnostic laparoscopy that confirmed a condition of peritoneal sarcomatosis disseminated through the entire abdomen, and then a laparotomic total hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, and total omentectomy, achieving a complete cytoreduction...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746591/the-therapeutic-challenge-of-giant-splenic-artery-aneurysm-a-case-repport
#17
Paulo Kauffman, Antonio Luiz de Vasconcellos Macedo, Roberto Sacilotto, Adriano Tachibana, Sergio Kuzniec, Lucas Lembrança Pinheiro, Nelson Wolosker
Giant splenic artery aneurysm is a rare condition that represents an eminent life threatening for the patient, requiring, therefore, urgent surgical correction. A 61-year-old woman, former smoker, hypertensive, hypercholesterolemic and multipara sought our service because of a large tumor in the mesogastrium, which was an abdominal ultrasound finding. Despite the size of the tumor, the patient was asymptomatic. The angiotomography and the magnetic resonance image of the abdomen were suggestive of giant splenic artery aneurysm with more than 10cm in diameter that was confirmed by an angiography...
July 24, 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746173/ultrasonographic-diagnosis-and-minimally-invasive-treatment-of-a-patent-urachus-associated-with-a-patent-omphalomesenteric-duct-in-a-newborn-a-case-report
#18
Mirko Bertozzi, Nicola Recchia, Giuseppe Di Cara, Sara Riccioni, Victoria Elisa Rinaldi, Susanna Esposito, Antonino Appignani
RATIONAL: Patent urachus (PU) is due to an incomplete obliteration of the urachus, whereas patent omphalomesenteric duct (POMD) is due to an incomplete obliteration of the vitelline duct. These anomalies are very rarely associated with one another. We describe a case of a newborn with a PU associated with a POMD, who was diagnosed by an abdominal ultrasound (US) and laparoscopy, and managed with a minimally invasive excision. PATIENT CONCERN: A 28-day-old male neonate was referred to our hospital to investigate a delay in umbilical healing, with blood-mucinous material spillage for 3 weeks prior to the referral...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743099/laparoscopic-surgery-for-colon-cancer-with-intestinal-malrotation-in-adults-two-case-reports-and-review-of-literatures-in-japan
#19
Kazuyoshi Nakatani, Katsuji Tokuhara, Tatsuma Sakaguchi, Kazuhiko Yoshioka, Masanori Kon
INTRODUCTION: Intestinal malrotation is a congenital anomaly, and its occurrence in adults is rare. Colon cancer with intestinal malrotation is far more rare. We herein report two cases of colon cancer with intestinal malrotation treated with laparoscopic surgery and reviewed the literatures in Japan. PRESENTATION OF CASES: Case 1 involved a 78-year-old man. Abdominal enhanced computed tomography (CT) showed that the tumor was located in the sigmoid colon. Intraoperatively, the cecum and ascending colon were located along the midline and the small intestine occupied the right side of the abdomen...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742186/l%C3%A3-sa-cystor-i-lilla-b%C3%A3-ckenet-%C3%A2-ov%C3%A3-ntat-operationsfynd-vid-buksm%C3%A3-rta
#20
Lovisa Brehmer, Maria Krång Lundekvam, Emelie Sternö, Anna-Maria Iglesias
Loose peritoneal cysts - unexpected finding at laparoscopic surgery for suspected extrauterine pregnancy, a case report A 29 year old woman was admitted to inpatient care in the 7th week of pregnancy due to three previous episodes of abdominal pain. At admission a suspected pseudogestational sac and 2 × 3 centimetres of fluid in the cul-de-sac was noted at vaginal ultrasound examination. After two days she again developed pain and a laparoscopy was performed due to suspected extrauterine pregnancy. Instead, three clusters of thin-walled, clear cysts was found lying loose in the cul-de-sac...
July 19, 2017: Läkartidningen
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