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Abdominal laparoscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444493/short-term-outcomes-of-laparoscopy-assisted-hybrid-living-donor-hepatectomy-a-comparison-with-the-conventional-open-procedure
#1
Toshihiro Kitajima, Toshimi Kaido, Taku Iida, Satoru Seo, Kojiro Taura, Yasuhiro Fujimoto, Kohei Ogawa, Etsuro Hatano, Hideaki Okajima, Shinji Uemoto
BACKGROUND: Although minimally invasive living donor surgery has been increasingly accepted, its safety remains to be fully clarified in a large-scale study. This study evaluated the safety and effectiveness of our laparoscopy-assisted hybrid living donor surgery (LAHDS) procedure with an upper median incision in comparison with conventional open donor hepatectomy (ODH). METHODS: From 2011 to 2016, 153 adult living donors [right lobe (RL) graft: 80 donors; left lobe (LL) graft: 73 donors] were enrolled and divided into LAHDS (n = 76) and ODH (n = 77) groups...
April 25, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441065/the-effect-of-sterilization-methods-of-endoscopic-instruments-on-the-body-a-study-on-rat-model
#2
Adnan Hut, Dogan Yildirim, Turgut Donmez, Cihad Tatar, Semih Mirapoglu, Rukiye Nilgun Erdogan, Zumrut Mine Isık Saglam, Huseyin Kilincaslan
PURPOSE: Laparoscopy is widely used in many surgical areas for diagnosis and treatment. The need for sterilization of reusable instruments is an important issue. Ensuring patient safety, preventing infection, and protecting the functionality of the instruments are the most important points to be considered. We aimed to investigate two sterilization methods and their effects generated by their distribution into intra-abdominal tissues during insufflation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 21 rats were used in the study...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441048/influence-of-body-weight-and-body-conformation-on-the-pressure-volume-curve-during-capnoperitoneum-in-dogs
#3
Melissa J Dorn, Barbara A Bockstahler, Gilles P Dupré
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the pressure-volume relationship during capnoperitoneum in dogs and effects of body weight and body conformation. ANIMALS 86 dogs scheduled for routine laparoscopy. PROCEDURES Dogs were allocated into 3 groups on the basis of body weight. Body measurements, body condition score, and body conformation indices were calculated. Carbon dioxide was insufflated into the abdomen with a syringe, and pressure was measured at the laparoscopic cannula. Volume and pressure data were processed, and the yield point, defined by use of a cutoff volume (COV) and cutoff pressure (COP), was calculated...
May 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439845/a-systematic-review-of-the-clinical-presentation-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-small-bowel-obstruction
#4
REVIEW
Srinivas R Rami Reddy, Mitchell S Cappell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This study aimed to systematically review small bowel obstruction (SBO), focusing on recent changes in diagnosis/therapy. RECENT FINDINGS: SBO incidence is about 350,000/annum in the USA. Etiologies include adhesions (65%), hernias (10%), neoplasms (5%), Crohn's disease (5%), and other (15%). Bowel dilatation occurs proximal to obstruction primarily from swallowed air and secondarily from intraluminal fluid accumulation. Dilatation increases mural tension, decreases mucosal perfusion, causes bacterial proliferation, and decreases mural tensile strength that increases bowel perforation risks...
June 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420518/acute-small-bowel-obstruction-caused-by-barbed-suture-on-the-second-day-after-laparoscopic-hysterosacropexy-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Hsuan Chen, Mun-Kun Hong, Dah-Ching Ding
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of small bowel obstruction caused by barbed suture applied in hysterosacropexy, and possible solutions. CASE REPORT: A 57-year-old woman underwent laparoscopic hysterosacropexy for a Stage 2 uterine prolapse, presenting with acute abdominal pain and a bowel obstruction syndrome 2 days following the surgery. Conservative treatment was given, but the symptoms did not improve and gradually became worse. Diagnostic laparoscopy was performed on the 7(th) day after the hysterosacropexy, and the volvulus was found...
April 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417153/laparoscopic-sacrocolpopexy-compared-with-open-abdominal-sacrocolpopexy-for-vault-prolapse-repair-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Anne-Lotte W M Coolen, Anique M J van Oudheusden, Ben Willem J Mol, Hugo W F van Eijndhoven, Jan-Paul W R Roovers, Marlies Y Bongers
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The objective was to evaluate the functional outcome after laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy versus open sacrocolpopexy in women with vault prolapse. METHODS: A multicentre randomised controlled trial was carried out at four teaching and two university hospitals in the Netherlands in women with symptomatic vault prolapse requiring surgical treatment. Participants were randomised for laparoscopic or open sacrocolpopexy. Primary outcome was disease-specific quality of life measured using the Urinary Distress Inventory (UDI) questionnaire at 12 months' follow-up...
April 17, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409048/laparoscopic-reduction-and-closure-of-an-internal-hernia-secondary-to-gynecologic-surgery
#7
Takashi Sakamoto, Alan Kawarai Lefor
Internal hernia is a rare cause of bowel obstruction which often requires emergent surgery. In general, the preoperative diagnosis of internal hernia is difficult. The pelvic cavity has various spaces with the potential to result in a hernia, especially in females. In this report, we describe a patient with an internal hernia secondary to previous gynecologic surgery. A 49-year-old woman presented with acute abdominal pain and a history of previous right oophorectomy for a benign ovarian cyst. Computed tomography scan of the abdomen showed obstruction with strangulation and emergent laparoscopic exploration was performed...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405144/miniature-magnetically-anchored-and-controlled-camera-system-for-trocar-less-laparoscopy
#8
Ding-Hui Dong, Hao-Yang Zhu, Yu Luo, Hong-Ke Zhang, Jun-Xi Xiang, Fei Xue, Rong-Qian Wu, Yi Lv
AIM: To design a miniature magnetically anchored and controlled camera system to reduce the number of trocars which are required for laparoscopy. METHODS: The system consists of a miniature magnetically anchored camera with a 30° downward angle, an external magnetically anchored unit, and a vision output device. The camera weighs 12 g, measures Φ10.5 mm × 55 mm and has two magnets, a vision model, a light source, and a metal hexagonal nut. To test the prototype, the camera was inserted through a 12-mm conventional trocar in an ex vivo real liver laparoscopic training system...
March 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403863/laparoscopic-resection-of-gastric-duplication-cysts-in-newborns-a-report-of-five-cases
#9
Hong-Xia Ren, Li-Qiong Duan, Xiao-Xia Wu, Bao-Hong Zhao, Yuan-Yuan Jin
BACKGROUND: Gastric duplication cysts are rare congenital alimentary tract anomalies and most cases are recognized during childhood. There were few reports about gastric duplication cysts in newborns and even fewer reports about laparoscopic resection of gastric duplication cysts in newborns. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a series of five newborns with gastric duplication cysts which were successfully resected by laparoscopy between January 2010 and April 2015. Case 1, a male newborn was admitted because of severe salivation, choking cough and dyspnea for 30 min after birth...
April 12, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400696/seprafilm%C3%A2-application-method-in-laparoscopic-surgery
#10
Mun-Kun Hong, Dah-Ching Ding
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Postoperative adhesions occur less often in laparoscopies than in laparotomies, but the incidence can be reduced further. Seprafilm, a sodium hyaluronate/carboxymethylcellulose absorbable barrier, was developed to prevent adhesions after abdominal surgery, and is approved for postoperative adhesion prevention. However, Seprafilm is seldom used in laparoscopic surgery because of its tendency to break apart when it is inserted into the abdominal cavity through a trocar, resulting in a high placement failure rate...
January 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399840/a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-efficacy-morbidity-and-functional-outcome-of-endoscopic-transanal-proctectomy-versus-laparoscopic-proctectomy-for-low-lying-rectal-cancer-etap-greccar-11-trial-rationale-and-design
#11
Bernard Lelong, Cécile de Chaisemartin, Helene Meillat, Sandra Cournier, Jean Marie Boher, Dominique Genre, Mehdi Karoui, Jean Jacques Tuech, Jean Robert Delpero
BACKGROUND: Total mesorectal excision is the standard surgical treatment for mid- and low-rectal cancer. Laparoscopy represents a clear leap forward in the management of rectal cancer patients, offering significant improvements in post-operative measures such as pain, first bowel movement, and hospital length of stay. However, there are still some limits to its applications, especially in difficult cases. Such cases may entail either conversion to an open procedure or positive resection margins...
April 11, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395384/laparoscopic-and-luminal-endoscopic-cooperative-surgery-can-be-a-standard-treatment-for-submucosal-tumors-of-the-stomach-a-retrospective-multicenter-study
#12
Tatsuo Matsuda, Souya Nunobe, Toshiyuki Kosuga, Hiroshi Kawahira, Noriyuki Inaki, Shuji Kitashiro, Nobutsugu Abe, Isao Miyashiro, Sayaka Nagao, Masahiko Nishizaki, Naoki Hiki
Background and study aims We have developed a combined laparoscopic and luminal endoscopic surgery technique for resection of gastric submucosal tumors (SMTs) that can be performed without excessive resection of the stomach. In a multicenter retrospective study we aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic and endoscopic cooperative surgery (LECS) for gastric SMT resection. Patients and methods Between October 2007 and December 2011, 126 patients with gastric SMTs underwent LECS at 8 institutions...
April 10, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386662/inflammatory-markers-as-early-predictors-of-infection-after-colorectal-surgery-the-same-cut-off-values-in-laparoscopy-and-laparotomy
#13
Olivier Facy, Brice Paquette, David Orry, Nicolas Santucci, Paul Rat, Patrick Rat, Christine Binquet, Pablo Ortega-Deballon
PURPOSE: C-reactive protein and procalcitonin are reliable early predictors of infection after colorectal surgery. However, the inflammatory response is lower after laparoscopy as compared to open surgery. This study analyzed whether a different cutoff value of inflammatory markers should be chosen according to the surgical approach. METHODS: A prospective, observational study included consecutive patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery in three academic centers...
April 6, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386465/transgastric-removal-of-a-polycystic-liver-disease-using-mini-laparoscopic-excision
#14
REVIEW
Fatih Sumer, Cuneyt Kayaalp, Yılmaz Polat, Ismail Ertugrul, Servet Karagul
Surgical treatment is often necessary for patients with symptomatic or complicated polycystic liver diseases (PLD). In this paper, we describe a 52-year-old female with symptomatic PLD that had resulted in the formation of liver cysts, the largest of which was 23 cm in diameter. The patient underwent mini-laparoscopic fenestration through 5-mm abdominal trocars. The walls of the cysts were unroofed using a harmonic scalpel. Four thickened rubber-like pieces of specimens (sizes ranged between 9 × 6 × 0...
June 1, 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383368/risk-of-abdominal-surgery-in-pregnancy-among-women-who-have-undergone-bariatric-surgery
#15
Andrea Stuart, Karin Källen
OBJECTIVE: To compare the rates of abdominal surgery during pregnancy among women with previous bariatric surgery (women in the case group) and women with first-trimester body mass index (BMI) greater than 35 and no previous bariatric surgery (women in the control group). METHODS: We conducted a national cohort study, merging data from the Swedish Medical Birth Registry and the Swedish National Patient Registry, comparing women who had bariatric surgery from 1987 to 2011 with women in a control group with first-trimester BMI greater than 35 who had not had bariatric surgery...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379058/sensitivity-and-specificity-of-clinical-findings-for-the-diagnosis-of-pelvic-congestion-syndrome-in-women-with-chronic-pelvic-pain
#16
Ana Lucia Herrera-Betancourt, Juan Diego Villegas-Echeverri, Jose Duván López-Jaramillo, Jorge Darío López-Isanoa, Jorge Mario Estrada-Alvarez
Background Pelvic congestion syndrome is among the causes of pelvic pain. One of the diagnostic tools is pelvic venography using Beard's criteria, which are 91% sensitive and 80% specific for this syndrome. Objective To assess the diagnostic performance of the clinical findings in women diagnosed with pelvic congestion syndrome coming to a Level III institution. Methods Descriptive retrospective study in women with chronic pelvic pain taken to transuterine pelvic venography at the Advanced Gynecological Laparoscopy and Pelvic Pain Unit of Clinica Comfamiliar, between August 2008 and December 2011, analyzing social, demographic, and clinical variables...
January 1, 2017: Phlebology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378083/minor-laparoscopic-liver-resection-toward-1-day-surgery
#17
Nicola de'Angelis, Benjamin Menahem, Philippe Compagnon, Jean Claude Merle, Francesco Brunetti, Alain Luciani, Daniel Cherqui, Alexis Laurent
BACKGROUND: Technical advances in laparoscopy and enhanced recovery after surgery programs have progressively decreased the need for hospitalization. The present study aimed to explore the feasibility and safety of an early discharge protocol after minor laparoscopic liver resection (LLR). METHODS: The study sample consisted of patients with both benign and malignant hepatic lesions involving no more than two hepatic segments who underwent minor LLR and were discharged within 24 h...
April 4, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374053/-laparoscopic-resection-of-a%C3%A2-giant-colon-diverticulum-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
P J Roch, T Friedrich, R Bönninghoff, D Dinter, A Rickert
BACKGROUND: Giant diverticula are rare complications of diverticular disease. Current opinion regards operative therapy as the method of choice for the treatment of symptomatic giant diverticula; however, there is neither consensus about the technique nor about the necessary extent of resection. Based on a non-systematic review of the literature, an overview of giant diverticula in terms of epidemiology, pathology and classification is given. The current case is considered with respect to appropriate diagnostic procedures and possible therapeutic options...
April 3, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373000/abdominoplasty-in-prune-belly-syndrome-modifications-in-monfort-technique-to-address-variable-patterns-of-abdominal-wall-weakness
#19
Edwin A Smith, Arun Srinivasan, Hal C Scherz, Anthony J Tracey, Bruce Broecker, Andrew J Kirsch
INTRODUCTION: Abdominoplasty is an important component of the management of children with prune belly syndrome (PBS). While there are features of the abdominal defect in PBS which are common to all patients, there will be differences unique to each patient that should be taken into consideration in surgical planning. Specifically, we have come to realize that although the Monfort procedure assumes a symmetric pattern of abdominal wall laxity, this symmetry is rarely present. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this report is to describe our modifications and review our outcomes for the Monfort procedure which more completely address correction of the abdominal wall laxity including both common and uncommon features while positioning the umbilicus to a more anatomically correct position (Figure)...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359684/-giant-mesenteric-lipoma-in-children-a-case-report
#20
M Hida, A Azahouani, D Elazzouzi
Mesenteric lipoma is an extremely rare disease in children. Fewer than 50 cases have been reported in the literature. Diagnosis is based on clinical examination, ultrasound, and computed tomography (CT). However, only the histological study of the specimen during laparotomy or laparoscopy can confirm the diagnosis. Thus, surgery, be it by laparotomy or laparoscopic, is both a means of exploration and treatment in mesenteric lipoma. We report on a case of giant lipoma of the mesentery in a 7-year-old girl presenting paroxysmal abdominal pain with a subocclusive syndrome lasting 1 week...
May 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
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