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microRNA, diabetes

Jian Yang, Ping Zeng, Jun Yang, Xiaowen Liu, Jiawang Ding, Huibo Wang, Lihua Chen
PURPOSE: Hyperglycemia is the high risk factor of vascular remodeling induced by angioplasty, and neointimal hyperplasia is strongly implicated in the pathogenesis of vascular remodeling caused by carotid artery balloon injury. Studies have shown that MicroRNA 24 (miR-24) plays an important role in angiocardiopathy, However, the role of miR-24 is far from thorough research. In this study, we investigate whether up-regulation of miR-24 by using miR-24 recombinant adenovirus (Ad-miR-24-GFP) can inhibit PDGF-BB signaling pathway and attenuate vascular remodeling in the diabetic rat model...
March 17, 2018: Gene
Carmen Pheiffer, Stephanie Dias, Paul Rheeder, Sumaiya Adam
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In recent years circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) have attracted interest as biomarkers of metabolic disease. MiRNA expression varies across population groups; thus, the aim of this study was to investigate whether serum miRNAs that have previously been shown to be associated with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in other populations, are similarly regulated in South African women with GDM. METHODS: In this case-control study, women (n = 81) were selected from a prospective cohort study in which pregnant women were recruited at their first clinic visit and requested to return for fasting blood glucose concentration measurements and serum collection (median 27 weeks; range 13-31 weeks)...
March 19, 2018: Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy
Chenggui Miao, Jun Chang, Guoxue Zhang, Yanxi Fang
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of noncoding single-stranded RNA molecules encoded by endogenous genes of about 22 nucleotides, which are involved in post-transcriptional gene expression regulation in animals and plants. Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease that is clinically silent until the majority of β cells are destroyed, and a large number of studies have shown that miRNAs are involved in the pathological mechanism of T1D. In this review, we searched the related research in recent years and summarized the important roles of miRNAs in T1D diagnosis and treatment...
March 19, 2018: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
Jing Tian, Rong Lv, Wei Guo
Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy, myocardial fibrosis and diastolic dysfunction, which are uncorrelated with underlying coronary artery disease or hypertension. As an important metabolic organelle, mitochondria directly involve the process of cell growth, proliferation, signal transduction, apoptosis and so on. Recent studies have demonstrated a close correlation between the mitochondrial dysfunction and the pathogenesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy. The underlying effects of mitochondrial dysfunction in the progress of diabetic cardiomyopathy involve disturbed metabolism, oxidative stress, defective calcium handling, mitochondrial uncoupling, apoptosis, imbalance of mitochondrial quality control and regulation of MicroRNAs...
January 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Jifang Ma, Lei Zhang, Jianbing Hao, Naqi Li, Jie Tang, Lirong Hao
TGF-β1-induced excessive deposition of ECM and EMT process of tubular epithelial cells play critical roles in the development and progression of fibrosis in diabetic nephropathy (DN). Orai1 has been demonstrated to be involved in TGF-β1-induced EMT via TGF-β/Smad3 pathway. We are aimed to explore the effects of miR-93 on TGF-β1-induced EMT process in HK2 cells. In this study, our data showed that miR-93 was dramatically decreased in renal tissues of patients with DN and TGF-β1-stimulated HK2 cells. Moreover, the decreased level of miR-93 was closely associated with the increased expression of Orai1...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Bo Li, Xiangsong Wu, Hanbei Chen, Chengle Zhuang, Zhiguo Zhang, Shuangshuang Yao, Dongsheng Cai, Guang Ning, Qing Su
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are known to contribute to many metabolic diseases, including diabetes. In this study, we investigated the role of miR199a-5p in the regulation of hepatic insulin sensitivity. Ad-anti-miR199a-5p adenoviruses were injected into male C57BL/6J WT mice fed a high-fat diet to inhibit miR199a-5p expression before the glucose levels and insulin resistance were assessed. Similarly, Ad-miR199a-5p adenoviruses were injected into male C57BL/6J WT mice to cause the overexpression of miR199a-5p. To investigate the roles of autophagy-related protein 14 (ATG14) and miR199a-5p in the regulation of insulin sensitivity, we injected Ad-miR199a-5p with or without Ad-ATG14 viruses into WT C57BL/6J mice before performing functional assays...
March 14, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Yanting Yu, Feng Bai, Nan Qin, Wenjin Liu, Qi Sun, Yang Zhou, Junwei Yang
BACKGROUND: Renal fibrosis is a common outcome of nearly all kinds of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and eventually progresses to end-stage renal disease. The identification of an optimal biomarker of renal fibrosis to replace the invasive renal biopsy will have important clinical implications. METHODS: We isolated urinary exosomes from 50 participants and examined the exosomal protein content and particle number in 38 CKD patients with different degrees of renal fibrosis and in 12 normal individuals...
March 14, 2018: Nephron
Paola Mirra, Cecilia Nigro, Immacolata Prevenzano, Alessia Leone, Gregory Alexander Raciti, Pietro Formisano, Francesco Beguinot, Claudia Miele
Glucose serves as a primary, and for some tissues the unique, fuel source in order to generate and maintain the biological functions. Hyperglycemia is a hallmark of type 2 diabetes and is the direct consequence of perturbations in the glucose homeostasis. Insulin resistance, referred to as a reduced response of target tissues to the hormone, contributes to the development of hyperglycemia. The molecular mechanisms responsible for the altered glucose homeostasis are numerous and not completely understood. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are now recognized as regulators of the lipid and glucose metabolism and are involved in the onset of metabolic diseases...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Masaki Kobayashi, Douglas W Zochodne
Diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN) continues to be generally considered as a "microvascular" complication of diabetes mellitus alongside nephropathy and retinopathy. The microvascular hypothesis, however, may be tempered by the concept that diabetes directly targets dorsal root ganglion sensory neurons. This neuron specific concept, supported by accumulating evidence, might account for important features of DPN, such as its early sensory neuron degeneration. Diabetic sensory neurons develop neuronal atrophy alongside a series of mRNA changes related to declines in structural proteins, increases in heat shock protein (HSP), increases in the receptor for advanced glycation endproducts (RAGE), declines in growth factor signaling and other changes...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
Hailing Yang, Xiaofei Zhang, Guangda Xin
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have reported that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) exert therapeutic effects on the treatment of diabetic nephropathy (DN), but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. METHODS: A dataset GSE65561 was obtained from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, which contained four healthy control samples (group 1), four healthy controls samples co-cultured with MSCs (group 2), five DN samples (group 3) and five DN samples co-cultured with MSCs (group 4)...
March 13, 2018: Renal Failure
Azadeh Houshmand-Oeregaard, Maren Schrölkamp, Louise Kelstrup, Ninna S Hansen, Line Hjort, Anne Cathrine Baun Thuesen, Christa Broholm, Elisabeth R Mathiesen, Tine D Clausen, Allan Vaag, Peter Damm
Offspring of women with diabetes in pregnancy exhibit skeletal muscle insulin resistance and are at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, potentially mediated by epigenetic mechanisms or changes in the expression of small non-coding microRNAs. Members of the miR-15 family can alter the expression or function of important proteins in the insulin signaling pathway, affecting insulin sensitivity and secretion. We hypothesized that exposure to maternal diabetes may cause altered expression of these microRNAs in offspring skeletal muscle, representing a potential underlying mechanism by which exposure to maternal diabetes leads to increased risk of cardiometabolic disease in offspring...
March 8, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
Linping Yan, Jie Feng, Feng Cheng, Xianwei Cui, Lingjuan Gao, Yajun Chen, Fei Wang, Tianying Zhong, Yun Li, Lan Liu
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have recently been shown to exert their effects on multiple pathological processes by acting as microRNA (miRNA) sponges. However, the roles of circRNAs in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are largely unknown. This study aimed to identify the circRNAs involved in GDM and predict their potential biological functions. We first performed next-generation sequencing (NGS) to generate unbiased placental villi circRNA expression profiles of GDM and normal controls. In total, 48,270 circRNAs from the placental villi of the two groups were sequenced...
March 8, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Gui Pan, Haojie Hao, Jianping Liu
The transplantation of insulin-producing cells (IPCs) or pancreatic progenitor cells is a theoretical therapy for diabetes with insulin insufficiency. Isolated hepatocytes from newborn rats (within 24 h after birth) were progressively induced into IPCs using 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine, Trichostatin A, retinoic acid, insulin-transferrin-selenium, and nicotinamide. We transplanted Pdx1+ pancreatic progenitors into STZ-induced diabetic mice and found the decreased blood glucose and increased insulin level in comparison with diabetic model...
March 7, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Nikola Radović, Nataša Nikolić Jakoba, Nina Petrović, Aleksandra Milosavljević, Božidar Brković, Jelena Roganović
AIM: Recent studies point at the crucial role of epigenetic mechanisms in the development of multifactorial diseases such as periodontitis and diabetes mellitus (DM) type 2. In addition, circulatory microRNAs (miRs) have emerged as novel biomarkers for various diseases. Aim of this study was to investigate the levels of miR-146a and miR-155 and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of periodontitis patients with (CPDM) and without (CP) DM type 2 as well as in periodontally healthy, control groups (PHDM and PH, respectively)...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
F Z Gonçalves, F S Lizarte Neto, P C Novais, D Gattas, L G Lourenço, C A M de Carvalho, D P C Tirapelli, C A F Molina, L F Tirapelli, S Tucci
Recent evidence shows that chronic ethanol consumption increases endothelin (ET)-1 induced sustained contraction of trabecular smooth muscle cells of the corpora cavernosa in corpus cavernosum of rats by a mechanism that involves increased expression of ETA and ETB receptors. Our goal was to evaluate the effects of alcohol and diabetes and their relationship to miRNA-155, miRNA-199 and endothelin receptors in the corpus cavernosum and blood of rats submitted to the experimental model of diabetes mellitus and chronic alcoholism...
March 1, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
Fan Cai, Fang Wu, Jiumei Cao, Xiaonan Chen
Diabetes has been considered as an independent risk factor for cerebral infarction. However, the pathological mechanism of cerebral infarction with diabetes (DMCI) is still rarely known. In this study, we try to explore the relationship between microRNA-146b-3p (miR-146b-3p) and DMCI patients. The peripheral blood mononuclear cells were separated after the patients were selected from our hospital. Firstly, the content of IL-6 and COX-2 was detected by ELISA. Then, the total RNAs were extracted and analyzed by microRNA (miRNA) microarray...
2018: American Journal of Translational Research
Beiyun Wang, Jing Huang, Jingbo Li, Yuan Zhong
The molecular development of diabetic encephalopathy remains ill-defined. Recently, we reported that elimination of inflammatory macrophages alleviated the progress and severity of diabetic encephalopathy. Here, we studied the underlying mechanism. Inflammatory macrophages were isolated from the brain of the mice that received i.p. injection of streptozotocin (STZ) to develop diabetes 6 weeks before, and showed enhanced autophagy activity, seemingly through augmentation of Beclin-1 levels. However, the increases in Beclin-1 levels did not result from enhanced gene transcription, but appeared to result from suppression of a Beclin-1-inhibitory microRNA, miR-384-5p...
2018: American Journal of Translational Research
Marta Seco-Cervera, Dayme González-Rodríguez, José Santiago Ibáñez-Cabellos, Lorena Peiró-Chova, Federico V Pallardó, José Luis García-Giménez
Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA; OMIM 229300), an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative mitochondrial disease, is the most prevalent hereditary ataxia. In addition, FRDA patients have shown additional non-neurological features such as scoliosis, diabetes, and cardiac complications. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, which is found in two thirds of patients at the time of diagnosis, is the primary cause of death in these patients. Here, we used small RNA-seq of microRNAs (miRNAs) purified from plasma samples of FRDA patients and controls...
March 6, 2018: Scientific Data
Nadeeja N Wijayatunga, Mandana Pahlavani, Nishan S Kalupahana, Kameswara Rao Kottapalli, Preethi H Gunaratne, Cristian Coarfa, Latha Ramalingam, Naima Moustaid-Moussa
Obesity contributes to metabolic disorders such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Characterization of differences between the main adipose tissue depots, white (WAT) [including subcutaneous (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT)] and brown adipose tissue (BAT) helps to identify their roles in obesity. Thus, we studied depot-specific differences in whole transcriptome and miRNA profiles of SAT, VAT and BAT from high fat diet (HFD/45% of calories from fat) fed mice using RNA sequencing and small RNA-Seq...
February 6, 2018: Oncotarget
Hai-Yan Peng, Hua-Ping Li, Ming-Qing Li
Recent studies have revealed considerable dysfunction of vascular endothelial cells (VECs) and abnormal expression of microRNA (miR)-137 in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), and the aim of this study was to clarify the underlying mechanism and possible role of microRNA (miR)-137 in dysfunction of VECs during GDM. We found increased levels of miR-137 in the plasma of GDM women and high-glucose (HG)-exposed HUVECs. Upregulating miR-137 in HUVECs elevated the chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 (CCL2) secretion and enhanced the chemotaxis and adhesion of U937 and THP-1 (two human acute monocytic leukemia cell lines) cells to HUVECs in a co-culture system...
March 2, 2018: Microvascular Research
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