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Nutritional factors on pms

Sanaz Fathizadeh, Reza Amani, Mohammad Hossein Haghighizadeh, Razieh Hormozi
BACKGROUND: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is one of the important health problems with high incidence in young women. The exact cause of this syndrome is not clear and some theories have been declared from hormonal factors to nutritional disorders. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the correlation between serum zinc and antioxidant status with PMS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this case-control study, forty eight young girls were selected from a total sample of 110 students residing at university dormitories including PMS (n=23) and healthy (n=25) groups based on PMS questionnaire...
November 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Ítalo Leite Figueiredo, Priscila B Frota, Davi G da Cunha, Ramon da Silva Raposo, Kildere M Canuto, Geanne M de Andrade, Nuno Sousa, Sean R Moore, Gregory M Anstead, Jacqueline I Alvarez-Leite, Richard L Guerrant, Reinaldo B Oriá
OBJECTIVE: Prolonged maternal separation (PMS) in the first 2 wk of life has been associated with poor growth with lasting effects in brain structure and function. This study aimed to investigate whether PMS-induced undernutrition could cause systemic inflammation and changes in nutrition-related hormonal levels, affecting hippocampal structure and neurotransmission in C57BL/6J suckling mice. METHODS: This study assessed mouse growth parameters coupled with insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) serum levels...
September 2016: Nutrition
Wen-Hung Huang, Tzung-Hai Yen, Ming-Jen Chan, Yi-Jiun Su
In patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD), PD-related infection is a major cause of PD failure and hospital admission. Good air quality is required when dialysate exchange or exit site wound care is performed. To our knowledge, investigation of air pollution as a factor for PD-related infection in patients undergoing dialysis is limited. This study aimed to assess the effect of environmental particulate matter (PM) and other important risk factors on 1-year PD-related infection in patients undergoing PD...
November 2014: Medicine (Baltimore)
M Gosch, T Druml, J A Nicholas, Y Hoffmann-Weltin, T Roth, M Zegg, M Blauth, C Kammerlander
INTRODUCTION: Fragility fractures are a growing worldwide health care problem. Hip fractures have been clearly associated with poor outcomes. Fragility fractures of other bones are common reasons for hospital admission and short-term disability, but specific long-term outcome studies of non-hip fragility fractures are rare. The aim of our trial was to evaluate the 1-year outcomes of non-hip fragility fracture patients. METHODS: This study is a retrospective cohort review of 307 consecutive older inpatient non-hip fracture patients...
January 2015: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
E R Bertone-Johnson, A G Ronnenberg, S C Houghton, C Nobles, S E Zagarins, B B Takashima-Uebelhoer, J L Faraj, B W Whitcomb
STUDY QUESTION: Are markers of chronic inflammation associated with menstrual symptom severity and premenstrual syndrome (PMS)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Serum levels of inflammatory markers, including interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-10, IL-12 and interferon (IFN)-γ were positively associated with menstrual symptom severity and/or PMS in young women. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Chronic inflammation has been implicated in the etiology of depression and other disorders that share common features with PMS, but whether inflammation contributes to menstrual symptom severity and PMS is unknown...
September 2014: Human Reproduction
J E Daugherty
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) refers to a group of menstrually related disorders. Premenstrual symptoms sufficient to impair daily activity and relationships are estimated to occur in up to 40 percent of women of reproductive age, with 5 percent of these women having severe impairment. Although no single causative factor has been identified, PMS is related to ovulatory cycles and resolves at menopause. A specific diagnostic test for PMS does not exist. Treatment is based on the symptoms. Oral contraceptive agents, diuretics and antidepressants have been used successfully to relieve symptoms...
July 1998: American Family Physician
C M Lebrun
The female athlete, during her reproductive years, has a complex and ever-changing milieu of female steroid hormones, whether it is the endogenous variations in estradiol and progesterone of a regular menstrual cycle, or the exogenous synthetic hormones of the oral contraceptives. Both estrogens and progestins have individual, interactive and sometimes opposing physiological actions with potential implications for the exercising female. In retrospective surveys on the menstrual cycle and performance, from 37 to 63% of athletes did not report any cycle 'phase' detriment, while 13 to 29% reported an improvement during menstruation...
December 1993: Sports Medicine
G S Goei, G E Abraham
Using a menstrual symptom questionnaire (MSQ) to assess the presence and severity of premenstrual tension (PMT), we evaluated the effect of a nutritional supplement, Optivite, on PMT symptoms in 31 patients for the week after the period (F) and the week before it (L). The total MSQ scores decreased significantly in all patients after Optivite administration at a daily dose of 3-12 tablets for one to six menstrual cycles. The mean +/- S.E. total MSQ scores were F = 8.1 +/- 1.8 and L = 31.5 +/- 2.1 for control cycles and F = 2...
August 1983: Journal of Reproductive Medicine
J M Abplanalp
Methodologic problems that impede the evaluation of the psychologic components of the premenstrual syndrome (PMS) include: (1) the lack of a consensus on the definition of PMS (resulting in significant variations between studies with respect to severity, timing and course of the symptoms); (2) the use of retrospective, rather than prospective, methods of data collection (which increases the likelihood of culturally based response bias); (3) sampling errors; (4) failure to assess and/or control for experimental bias introduced as a function of the subject's perception of the purpose of the evaluation; and (5) inadequate attention paid to timing within the cycle of data collection...
August 1983: Journal of Reproductive Medicine
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