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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114701/prevalence-of-premenstrual-syndrome-and-its-relationship-to-depressive-symptoms-in-first-year-university-students
#1
Ayla Acikgoz, Ayfer Dayi, Tolga Binbay
To determine the prevalence of and factors influencing premenstrual syndrome (PMS) in first-year students at a university health campus and to evaluate the relationship between depression and PMS. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on a population of 618 university students from March to June 2016 at Dokuz Eylül University, Izmir, Turkey. Data were collected using the Premenstrual Syndrome Scale (PMSS), Beck Depression Inventory and Student Identification Form. The data were analyzed with Version 20...
November 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016747/five-year-trends-2008-2012-in-cardiac-implantable-electrical-device-utilization-in-five-european-nations-a-case-study-in-cross-country-comparisons-using-administrative-databases
#2
Helen Banks, Aleksandra Torbica, Cinzia Valzania, Yauheniya Varabyova, Valentina Prevolnik Rupel, Rod S Taylor, Theresa Hunger, Simon Walker, Giuseppe Boriani, Giovanni Fattore
Aims: Common methodologies for analysis of analogous data sets are needed for international comparisons of treatment and outcomes. This study tests using administrative hospital discharge (HD) databases in five European countries to investigate variation/trends in pacemaker (PM) and implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) implant rates in terms of patient characteristics/management, device subtype, and initial implantation vs. replacement, and compares findings with existing literature and European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) reports...
June 14, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944026/tree-seed-traits-response-to-monsoon-climate-and-altitude-in-indian-subcontinent-with-particular-reference-to-the-himalayas
#3
Surendra P Singh, Shyam S Phartyal, Sergey Rosbakh
Seed traits are related to several ecological attributes of a plant species, including its distribution. While the storage physiology of desiccation-sensitive seeds has drawn considerable attention, their ecology has remained sidelined, particularly how the strong seasonality of precipitation in monsoonal climate affects their temporal and spatial distribution. We compiled data on seed mass, seed desiccation behavior, seed shedding, and germination periodicity in relation to monsoon and altitude for 198 native tree species of Indian Himalayas and adjoining plains to find out (1) the adaptive significance of seed mass and seed desiccation behavior in relation to monsoon and (2) the pattern of change in seed mass in relation to altitude, habitat moisture, and succession...
September 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720535/effect-of-polymer-type-on-the-surface-energy-of-acetaminophen-solid-dispersions-prepared-by-melt-method
#4
Tereza Školáková, Jan Patera, Petr Zámostný
Many newly developed active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) have very low solubility in aqueous media. The preparation of solid dispersions (SDs) is one way of avoiding this problem. However, compound wettability and thus solubility are influenced by surface energy. In this study, we used inverse gas chromatography (IGC) to evaluate the surface energies of prepared SDs, and compared them with those obtained for physical mixtures (PMs). SDs containing different weight ratios of crystalline acetaminophen and one of three polymers (Kollidon(®) 12 PF, Kollidon(®) VA 64 or Soluplus(®)) were prepared by the melt-quenching of corresponding PMs...
July 15, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208759/acute-effects-of-particulate-air-pollution-on-ischemic-heart-disease-hospitalizations-in-shanghai-china
#5
Anyang Xu, Zhe Mu, Bo Jiang, Wei Wang, Han Yu, Lijuan Zhang, Jue Li
Background: Air pollution has been demonstrated to be a major risk factor for the development of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases worldwide. This study examines the relationship between the exposure to fine particulate matter (PM) and patient hospitalizations as a result of ischemic heart disease (IHD) during 2013-2014 in Shanghai, China. Methods: Daily IHD hospitalization data were acquired from the Shanghai Health Insurance Bureau (SHIB) from 1 January 2013 to 21 December 2014. Daily average concentrations of air pollution as well as meteorological data were obtained from the database of Shanghai Environmental Monitoring Center (SEMC) during the same time period, and all data were analyzed using standard epidemiological methodology...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081191/recreational-physical-activity-and-premenstrual-syndrome-in-young-adult-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Aimee R Kroll-Desrosiers, Alayne G Ronnenberg, Sofija E Zagarins, Serena C Houghton, Biki B Takashima-Uebelhoer, Elizabeth R Bertone-Johnson
INTRODUCTION: It is estimated that up to 75% of premenopausal women experience at least one premenstrual symptom and 8-20% meet clinical criteria for premenstrual syndrome. Premenstrual syndrome substantially reduces quality of life for many women of reproductive age, with pharmaceutical treatments having limited efficacy and substantial side effects. Physical activity has been recommended as a method of reducing menstrual symptom severity. However, this recommendation is based on relatively little evidence, and the relationship between physical activity, premenstrual symptoms, and premenstrual syndrome remains unclear...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497343/challenging-the-dogma-of-colorectal-peritoneal-metastases-as-an-untreatable-condition-results-of-a-population-based-study
#7
Lieke G E M Razenberg, Valery E P P Lemmens, Victor J Verwaal, Cornelis J A Punt, Pieter J Tanis, Geert-Jan Creemers, Ignace H J T de Hingh
PURPOSE: To determine the impact of the implementation of novel systemic regimens and locoregional treatment modalities on survival at population level in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients presenting with peritoneal metastases (PMs). METHODS: All consecutive CRC patients with synchronous PM (<3 months) between 1995 and 2014 were extracted from the Eindhoven area of the Netherlands Cancer Registry. Trends in treatment and overall survival were assessed in four time periods...
September 2016: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27318069/the-wisdom-of-crowds-in-action-forecasting-epidemic-diseases-with-a-web-based-prediction-market-system
#8
Eldon Y Li, Chen-Yuan Tung, Shu-Hsun Chang
BACKGROUND: The quest for an effective system capable of monitoring and predicting the trends of epidemic diseases is a critical issue for communities worldwide. With the prevalence of Internet access, more and more researchers today are using data from both search engines and social media to improve the prediction accuracy. In particular, a prediction market system (PMS) exploits the wisdom of crowds on the Internet to effectively accomplish relatively high accuracy. OBJECTIVE: This study presents the architecture of a PMS and demonstrates the matching mechanism of logarithmic market scoring rules...
August 2016: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27189882/touchscreen-learning-deficits-and-normal-social-approach-behavior-in-the-shank3b-model-of-phelan-mcdermid-syndrome-and-autism
#9
Nycole A Copping, Elizabeth L Berg, Gillian M Foley, Melanie D Schaffler, Beth L Onaga, Nathalie Buscher, Jill L Silverman, Mu Yang
SHANK3 is a synaptic scaffolding protein localized in the postsynaptic density and has a crucial role in synaptogenesis and neural physiology. Deletions and point mutations in SHANK3 cause Phelan-McDermid Syndrome (PMS), and have also been implicated in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disabilities, leading to the hypothesis that reduced SHANK3 expression impairs basic brain functions that are important for social communication and cognition. Several mouse models of Shank3 deletions have been generated, varying in the specific domain deleted...
March 14, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26960788/effect-of-personal-music-system-use-on-sacculocollic-reflex-assessed-by-cervical-vestibular-evoked-myogenic-potential-a-preliminary-investigation
#10
Niraj Kumar Singh, Chithra Sobha Sasidharan
Listening to music through a portable personal music system (PMS) is a growing trend, especially among the youth. The preferred listening level in such kinds of PMS has been reported to cross the safe levels and its impact on the auditory system was demonstrated in several previous investigations. Owing to the commonality in several aspects between the auditory and the vestibular systems, it appears likely that the deleterious effects of PMS use could also be impinging on the vestibular system, which has never been investigated...
March 2016: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25933719/gadobutrol-for-contrast-enhanced-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-elderly-patients-review-of-the-safety-profile-from-clinical-trial-post-marketing-surveillance-and-pharmacovigilance-data
#11
MULTICENTER STUDY
J Endrikat, C Schwenke, M R Prince
AIM: To assess the safety of gadobutrol administration in elderly patients (≥65 years) by comparing the incidence of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) following gadobutrol-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) procedures in elderly patients with that in adults aged 18-64 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Safety data on gadobutrol administration from clinical trials, post-marketing surveillance (PMS) studies, and pharmacovigilance reports were collected in three databases...
July 2015: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25547852/graphene-oxide-go-fe3-hybrid-nanosheets-with-effective-sonocatalytic-degradation-of-reactive-red-120-and-study-of-their-kinetics-mechanism
#12
Sakthivel Thangavel, Nivea Raghavan, Govindan Kadarkarai, Sang-Jae Kim, Gunasekaran Venugopal
This work demonstrates the preparation of graphene-oxide (GO)-Fe(3+) hybrids nanosheets and their high bleaching efficiency on the dye "Reactive Red 120 (RR 120)" by using sonocatalytic degradation. Sonocatalytic degradation was enhanced by using oxidants like PMS (peroxomonosulphate), PDS (peroxodisulphate), H2O2 (hydrogen peroxide) and KIO4 (potassium periodate). Our observations manifested that the degradation of the dye "RR 120" was found to be multiplied by addition of oxidants in the order of PMS>H2O2>PDS>KIO4...
May 2015: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25487291/trend-of-patient-characteristics-and-its-impact-on-the-response-to-adalimumab-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-post-hoc-time-course-analysis-of-an-all-case-pms-in-japan
#13
Hisashi Yamanaka, Masayoshi Harigai, Naoki Ishiguro, Shigeko Inokuma, Syuji Takei, Tsutomu Takeuchi, Yoshiya Tanaka, Haruko Suzuki, Yasuhiko Shinmura, Takao Koike
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between changes in patient characteristics over time and the effectiveness and safety of adalimumab in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in clinical practice. METHODS: Patients enrolled in the post-marketing registry study in Japan were divided into 5 subgroups based on the time adalimumab treatment was initiated. Demographic and baseline characteristics and responses to adalimumab were compared among the 5 subgroups to detect any time-course trend...
July 2015: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25467845/dysfunctional-high-density-lipoproteins-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#14
Ryohei Kaseda, Kathy Jabs, Tracy E Hunley, Deborah Jones, Aihua Bian, Ryan M Allen, Kasey C Vickers, Patricia G Yancey, MacRae F Linton, Sergio Fazio, Valentina Kon
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to determine if chronic kidney disease (CKD) occurring in childhood impairs the normally vasoprotective functions of high-density lipoproteins (HDLs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: HDLs were isolated from children with end-stage renal disease on dialysis (ESRD), children with moderate CKD and controls with normal kidney function. Macrophage response to HDLs was studied as expression of inflammatory markers (MCP-1, TNF-α, IL-1β) and chemotaxis...
February 2015: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25174804/specialize-or-risk-disappearance-empirical-evidence-of-anisomerism-based-on-comparative-and-developmental-studies-of-gnathostome-head-and-limb-musculature
#15
REVIEW
Rui Diogo, Janine M Ziermann, Marta Linde-Medina
William K. Gregory was one of the most influential authors defending the existence of an evolutionary trend in vertebrates from a higher degree of polyisomerism (more polyisomeric or 'serial' anatomical structures arranged along any body axis) to cases of anisomerism (specialization or loss of at least some original polyisomeric structures). Anisomerism was the subject of much interest during the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries, particularly due to the influence of the Romantic German School and the notion of 'primitive archetype' and because it was conceptually linked to other crucial biological issues (e...
August 2015: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24701496/epidemiology-of-premenstrual-syndrome-pms-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-study
#16
Direkvand-Moghadam A, Sayehmiri K, Delpisheh A, Kaikhavandi Sattar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) is a common health problem in women in reproductive age. The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of PMS using meta-analysis method. METHODS: This meta-analysis systematically reviewed the prevalence of PMS. A search was conducted using keywords Premenstrual Syndrome, PMS, prevalence PMS and symptom of PMS in reliable English articles. The initial search 53 articles were available. After review of full-text articles, 17 articles were selected for analysis...
February 2014: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24655472/menstruation-associated-hypocalcemic-symptoms-and-serum-calcium-in-patients-with-idiopathic-hypoparathyroidism
#17
Soma Saha, Ravinder Goswami
BACKGROUND: Some of the patients with idiopathic hypoparathyroidism (IHP) report symptoms of hypocalcemia during menstruation. There is limited data on this observation. METHODS: Twenty six menstruating women with IHP and 26 healthy controls were questioned regarding symptoms suggestive of hypocalcemia during menstruation. Twelve patients and eight controls were asked to prospectively monitor symptoms suggestive of hypocalcemia and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) if any, over two consecutive menstrual cycles...
2014: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24345853/addressing-concerns-about-the-inclusion-of-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder-in-dsm-5
#18
REVIEW
S Ann Hartlage, Cynthia A Breaux, Kimberly A Yonkers
OBJECTIVE: Inclusion of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) into the main text of the DSM has been a point of controversy for many years. The purpose of this article is to address the main concerns raised by opponents to its inclusion. Concerns are presented and countered in turn. LITERATURE SEARCH: To identify the most prevalent arguments against inclusion of PMDD, we searched MEDLINE (1966-2012), PsycINFO (1930-2012), the Internet, and reference lists of identified articles during September 1-17, 2012, using the keywords PMDD, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), DSM, DSM-5, concerns, controversy, women, political power, workforce, courts, and history...
January 2014: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23954511/supersaturated-polymeric-micelles-for-oral-cyclosporine-a-delivery
#19
Hongzhen Yu, Dengning Xia, Quanlei Zhu, Chunliu Zhu, Dan Chen, Yong Gan
Polymeric micelles provide a promising platform for improving oral absorption of poorly soluble drugs. However, improved understanding of how drug retention within the hydrophobic micelle core can reduce drug absorption is required. We designed supersaturated polymeric micelles (Super-PMs) to increase molecularly dissolved drug concentration and gain an insight into the effect of the degree of supersaturation on oral absorption of cyclosporine A (CsA) in rats. The drug release from Super-PMs increased with an increase in initial supersaturation degrees in micelles...
November 2013: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23915773/temporal-trends-in-symptom-experience-predict-the-accuracy-of-recall-pros
#20
Stefan Schneider, Joan E Broderick, Doerte U Junghaenel, Joseph E Schwartz, Arthur A Stone
OBJECTIVE: Patient-reported outcome measures with reporting periods of a week or more are often used to evaluate the change of symptoms over time, but the accuracy of recall in the context of change is not well understood. This study examined whether temporal trends in symptoms that occur during the reporting period impact the accuracy of 7-day recall reports. METHODS: Women with premenstrual symptoms (n=95) completed daily reports of anger, depression, fatigue, and pain intensity for 4weeks, as well as 7-day recall reports at the end of each week...
August 2013: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
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