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Arginine topical

Ali Said Durmus, Mehmet Tuzcu, Oguzhan Ozdemir, Cemal Orhan, Nurhan Sahin, Ibrahim Hanifi Ozercan, James Richard Komorowski, Shakir Ali, Kazim Sahin
Arginine silicate inositol (ASI) complex is a composition of arginine, silicon, and inositol that has been shown to have beneficial effects on vascular health. This study reports the effects of an ASI ointment on wound healing in rats. A full-thickness excision wound was created by using a disposable 5 mm diameter skin punch biopsy tool. In this placebo-controlled study, the treatment group's wound areas were covered by 4 or 10 % ASI ointments twice a day for 5, 10, or 15 days. The rats were sacrificed either 5, 10, or 15 days after the wounds were created, and biopsy samples were taken for biochemical and histopathological analysis...
October 14, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Márcio Sousa Jerônimo, Adria do Prado Barros, Vinícius Elord Zen MoritaI, Erika Oliveira Alves, Nathalia Lobão Barroso de Souza, Rosane Mansan de Almeida, Yanna Karla Medeiros Nóbrega, Florêncio Figueiredo Cavalcanti, Rivadávio Amorin, Maria de Fátima Borin, Anamélia Lorenzetti Bocca
PURPOSE: To evaluate the contribution of L-arginine oral or topical rout of administration in the surgical wound healing process. METHODS: L-arginine was orally or topically administrated to mice after a laparotomy model procedure. The wounds were analyzed to evaluate the granulation tissue by HE analysis, collagen deposition, iNOS and cytokines production by immunochemisyry on wound progress. Mice used in this model were healthy, immunosupressed or diabetic and all of them were treated with different concentration of L-arginine and rout of administration...
September 2016: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
Emad Khalilzadeh, Reza Hazrati, Gholamreza Vafaei Saiah
Clinical studies suggest that essential oil of Eugenia caryophyllata (Clove) buds (EOEC) is efficacious in the treatment of dental pain. In the present study, we investigated the analgesic and local anesthetic effects of EOEC and its possible mechanisms of action in acute corneal pain in rats. EOEC was extracted by hydro-distillation in a Clevenger type apparatus from clove buds. The acute corneal pain was induced by applying a drop (40 µl) of 5 M NaCl solution on the corneal surface, and the numbers of eye wipes were counted during the first 30 s...
July 2016: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Hiroki Takeda, Takaomi Kurioka, Taku Kaitsuka, Kazuhito Tomizawa, Takeshi Matsunobu, Farzana Hakim, Kunio Mizutari, Toru Miwa, Takao Yamada, Momoko Ise, Akihiro Shiotani, Eiji Yumoto, Ryosei Minoda
Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) are short sequences of amino acids that facilitate the penetration of conjugated cargoes across mammalian cell membranes, and as such, they may provide a safe and effective method for drug delivery to the inner ear. Simple polyarginine peptides have been shown to induce significantly higher cell penetration rates among CPPs. Herein, we show that a peptide consisting of nine arginines ("9R") effectively delivered enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) into guinea pig cochleae via the round window niche without causing any deterioration in auditory function...
2016: Molecular Therapy. Methods & Clinical Development
Mohamed F Mohamed, Ahmed Abdelkhalek, Mohamed N Seleem
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections present a serious challenge because of the emergence of resistance to numerous conventional antibiotics. Due to their unique mode of action, antimicrobial peptides are novel alternatives to traditional antibiotics for tackling the issue of bacterial multidrug resistance. Herein, we investigated the antibacterial activity of two short novel peptides (WR12, a 12 residue peptide composed exclusively of arginine and tryptophan, and D-IK8, an eight residue β-sheet peptide) against multidrug resistant staphylococci...
July 11, 2016: Scientific Reports
Manuel Lasch, Amelia Caballero-Martinez, Kerstin Troidl, Irmengard Schloegl, Thomas Lautz, Elisabeth Deindl
l-Arginine is the common substrate for nitric oxide synthases (NOS) and arginase. Whereas the contribution of NOS to collateral artery growth (arteriogenesis) has been demonstrated, the functional role of arginase remains to be elucidated and was topic of the present study. Arteriogenesis was induced in mice by ligation of the femoral artery. Laser Doppler perfusion measurements demonstrated a significant reduction in arteriogenesis in mice treated with the arginase inhibitor nor-NOHA (N(ω)-hydroxy-nor-arginine)...
August 2016: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
R Czekaj, J Majka, A Ptak-Belowska, A Szlachcic, A Targosz, K Magierowska, M Strzalka, M Magierowski, T Brzozowski
The antioxidizing properties of curcumin, a highly pleiotropic substance used for centuries in traditional medicine has been confirmed by numerous experimental and clinical studies. Curcumin exhibits anti-inflammatory, antiproliferative and anti-angiogenic actions inhibiting the development and progression of tumors but the efficacy of this compound to influence gastric acid secretion n in the stomach and to affect the gastric mucosal damage induced by non-topical ulcerogenes such as stress has been little studied...
April 2016: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
Vincenzo Lionetti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Manika Vij, Poornemaa Natarajan, Amit K Yadav, Kiran M Patil, Tanuja Pandey, Nidhi Gupta, Deenan Santhiya, Vaijayanti A Kumar, Moneesha Fernandes, Munia Ganguli
Arginine-rich cell penetrating peptides are powerful tools for in vitro as well as in vivo delivery of a wide plethora of biomolecules. However, presence of consecutive arginine residues leads to enhanced amenability for proteolytic degradation as well as steric hindrances for membrane interactions which compromise its bioavailability. In order to overcome these limitations we previously reported a safe and stable octaarginine based oligomer, i.e., (r-x-r)4-carbamate, where the backbone amide linkages were replaced by carbamate linkages and 6-aminohexanoic acid based spacer moieties were incorporated for better flexibility, hydrophobicity, optimal spacing of guanidinium groups, and protection against proteolytic cleavage; resulting in improved transfection efficiency over its amide counterpart...
May 26, 2016: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Jinzhi He, Geelsu Hwang, Yuan Liu, Lizeng Gao, LaTonya Kilpatrick-Liverman, Peter Santarpia, Xuedong Zhou, Hyun Koo
UNLABELLED: l-Arginine, a ubiquitous amino acid in human saliva, serves as a substrate for alkali production by arginolytic bacteria. Recently, exogenous l-arginine has been shown to enhance the alkalinogenic potential of oral biofilm and destabilize its microbial community, which might help control dental caries. However, l-arginine exposure may inflict additional changes in the biofilm milieu when bacteria are growing under cariogenic conditions. Here, we investigated how exogenous l-arginine modulates biofilm development using a mixed-species model containing both cariogenic (Streptococcus mutans) and arginolytic (Streptococcus gordonii) bacteria in the presence of sucrose...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Bacteriology
Vivianne J Goosens, Jan Maarten van Dijl
Twin-arginine protein translocation systems (Tat) translocate fully folded and co-factor-containing proteins across biological membranes. In this review, we focus on the Tat pathway of Gram-positive bacteria. The minimal Tat pathway is composed of two components, namely a TatA and TatC pair, which are often complemented with additional TatA-like proteins. We provide overviews of our current understanding of Tat pathway composition and mechanistic aspects related to Tat-dependent cargo protein translocation...
April 29, 2016: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
Nitya Bakshi, Claudia R Morris
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is the most common hemoglobinopathy in the US, affecting approximately 100,000 individuals in the US and millions worldwide. Pain is the hallmark of SCD, and a subset of patients experience pain virtually all of the time. Of interest, the arginine metabolome is associated with several pain mechanisms highlighted in this review. Since SCD is an arginine deficiency syndrome, the contribution of the arginine metabolome to acute and chronic pain in SCD is a topic in need of further attention...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
John V Ilekis, Ekaterini Tsilou, Susan Fisher, Vikki M Abrahams, Michael J Soares, James C Cross, Stacy Zamudio, Nicholas P Illsley, Leslie Myatt, Christine Colvis, Maged M Costantine, David M Haas, Yoel Sadovsky, Carl Weiner, Erik Rytting, Gene Bidwell
Although much progress is being made in understanding the molecular pathways in the placenta that are involved in the pathophysiology of pregnancy-related disorders, a significant gap exists in the utilization of this information for the development of new drug therapies to improve pregnancy outcome. On March 5-6, 2015, the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development of the National Institutes of Health sponsored a 2-day workshop titled Placental Origins of Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes: Potential Molecular Targets to begin to address this gap...
July 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Gregory D Lewis, Debby Ngo, Anna R Hemnes, Laurie Farrell, Carly Domos, Paul P Pappagianopoulos, Bishnu P Dhakal, Amanda Souza, Xu Shi, Meredith E Pugh, Arkadi Beloiartsev, Sumita Sinha, Clary B Clish, Robert E Gerszten
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension and associated right ventricular (RV) dysfunction are important determinants of morbidity and mortality, which are optimally characterized by invasive hemodynamic measurements. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine whether metabolite profiling could identify plasma signatures of right ventricular-pulmonary vascular (RV-PV) dysfunction. METHODS: We measured plasma concentrations of 105 metabolites using targeted mass spectrometry in 71 individuals (discovery cohort) who underwent comprehensive physiological assessment with right-sided heart catheterization and radionuclide ventriculography at rest and during exercise...
January 19, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Qiucheng Lei, Xinying Wang, Huazhen Zheng, Jingcheng Bi, Shanjun Tan, Ning Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: No consensus has been reached concerning the effects of peri-operative immunonutrition in patients undergoing liver transplantation. We conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the effects of peri-operative immunonutrition on clinical outcomes and liver function in patients undergoing liver transplantation. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, and google scholar were searched to identify all available randomized controlled studies which compared peri-operative immunonutrition support (glutamine, ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, arginine and ribonucleic acids) with standard nutrition...
2015: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
François N Miros, Yingjie Zhao, Gevorg Sargsyan, Marion Pupier, Céline Besnard, César Beuchat, Jiri Mareda, Naomi Sakai, Stefan Matile
Of central importance in chemistry and biology, enolate chemistry is an attractive topic to elaborate on possible contributions of anion-π interactions to catalysis. To demonstrate the existence of such contributions, experimental evidence for the stabilization of not only anions but also anionic intermediates and transition states on π-acidic aromatic surfaces is decisive. To tackle this challenge for enolate chemistry with maximal precision and minimal uncertainty, malonate dilactones are covalently positioned on the π-acidic surface of naphthalenediimides (NDIs)...
February 18, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Christopher A Foote, Jorge A Castorena-Gonzalez, Marius C Staiculescu, Philip S Clifford, Michael A Hill, Gerald A Meininger, Luis A Martinez-Lemus
Inward remodeling of the resistance vasculature is strongly associated with life-threatening cardiovascular events. Previous studies have demonstrated that both actin polymerization and the activation of transglutaminases mediate early stages of the transition from a structurally normal vessel to an inwardly remodeled one. Ex vivo studies further suggest that a few hours of exposure to vasoconstrictor agonists induces inward remodeling in the absence of changes in intraluminal pressure. Here we report that a short, 10-min, topical exposure to serotonin (5-HT) + N(ω)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (l-NAME) was sufficient to initiate inward remodeling processes in rat cremasteric feed arterioles (100-200 μm lumen diameter), in vivo...
January 15, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Arturo J Martí-Carvajal, Christian Gluud, Susana Nicola, Daniel Simancas-Racines, Ludovic Reveiz, Patricio Oliva, Jorge Cedeño-Taborda
BACKGROUND: Foot ulcers are a major complication of diabetes mellitus, often leading to amputation. Growth factors derived from blood platelets, endothelium, or macrophages could potentially be an important treatment for these wounds but they may also confer risks. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of growth factors for foot ulcers in patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus. SEARCH METHODS: In March 2015 we searched the Cochrane Wounds Group Specialised Register, The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library), Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid MEDLINE (In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Ovid EMBASE and EBSCO CINAHL...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Marie Coutelier, Iulia Blesneac, Arnaud Monteil, Marie-Lorraine Monin, Kunie Ando, Emeline Mundwiller, Alfredo Brusco, Isabelle Le Ber, Mathieu Anheim, Anna Castrioto, Charles Duyckaerts, Alexis Brice, Alexandra Durr, Philippe Lory, Giovanni Stevanin
Hereditary cerebellar ataxias (CAs) are neurodegenerative disorders clinically characterized by a cerebellar syndrome, often accompanied by other neurological or non-neurological signs. All transmission modes have been described. In autosomal-dominant CA (ADCA), mutations in more than 30 genes are implicated, but the molecular diagnosis remains unknown in about 40% of cases. Implication of ion channels has long been an ongoing topic in the genetics of CA, and mutations in several channel genes have been recently connected to ADCA...
November 5, 2015: American Journal of Human Genetics
Indira Deepa, Sasidharan N Kumar, Ravikumar S Sreerag, Vishnu S Nath, Chellapan Mohandas
Skin and chronic wound infections caused by various pathogenic bacteria are an increasing and urgent health problem worldwide. In the present investigation ethyl acetate extract of an Achromobacter sp. associated with a Rhabditis entomopathogenic nematode (EPN), displayed promising antibacterial property and was further purified by silica gel column chromatography to get three different cyclic dipeptides (CDPs). Based on the spectral data and Marfey's analyses, the CDPs were identified as cyclo(D-Leu-D-Arg) (1), cyclo(L-Trp-L-Arg) (2), and cyclo(D-Trp-D-Arg) (3), respectively...
2015: Frontiers in Microbiology
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