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Mesenchymal cell Chinese

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321718/a-novel-notch1-missense-mutation-c1133y-in-the-abruptex-domain-exhibits-enhanced-proliferation-and-invasion-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#1
Yang Zheng, Zhao Wang, Xu Ding, Wei Zhang, Gang Li, Laikui Liu, Heming Wu, Wenyi Gu, Yunong Wu, Xiaomeng Song
Background: Notch1 has been regarded as a fundamental regulator in tissue differentiation and stem cell properties. Recently, Notch1 mutations have been reported intensively both in solid tumors and in hematopoietic malignancies. However, little is known about the biological effect and the clinical implication of these reported mutations. Previously, we discovered several missense mutations in the Notch1 receptor in a Chinese population with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Methods: We selected a 'hotspot' mutation in the Abruptex domain (C1133Y)...
2018: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285087/scutellaria-barbata-d-don-inhibits-migration-and-invasion-of-colorectal-cancer-cells-via-suppression-of-pi3k-akt-and-tgf-%C3%AE-smad-signaling-pathways
#2
Yiyi Jin, Wujin Chen, Hong Yang, Zhaokun Yan, Zijun Lai, Jianyu Feng, Jun Peng, Jiumao Lin
Metastasis is one of the most aberrant behaviors of cancer cells. Patients with cancers, including colorectal cancer (CRC), have a higher risk of tumor recurrence and cancer-related mortality once metastasis is diagnosed. Existing treatment strategies fail to cure cancer mostly due to the onset of metastasis. Therefore, metastasis remains a challenge in cancer treatment. Some complementary and alternative medical therapies using traditional Chinese medicine have been demonstrated to be clinically effective in cancer treatment...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223366/therapeutic-efficacy-and-safety-of-umbilical-cord-mesenchymal-stem-cell-transplantation-for-liver-cirrhosis-in-chinese-population-a-meta-analysis
#3
Weiwei Sang, Benji Lv, Ke Li, Yan Lu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Mesenchymal stem cells transfusion has been considered as a promising option for liver cirrhosis (LC). The aim of this study was to systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UMSC) combined with traditional supportive therapy (TST) for the treatment of patients with LC. METHODS: Data was extracted from clinical trials published on Web of Science, PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Wanfang and CNKI database...
December 6, 2017: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211363/hierarchical-potential-differentiation-of-liver-cancer-stem-cells
#4
REVIEW
Wenfeng Zhang, Di Mu, Kai Feng
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most malignant tumors in Chinese people and offers poor prognosis. Tumor tissue, like normal tissue, is hierarchically differentiated. Thus, minor tumor cell populations able to differentiate, such as stem cells, sustain tumor self-renewal and proliferation. The fact that liver cancer stem cells (CSCs) with different surface markers appear heterogeneous with respect to oncogenesis and drug resistance indicates that subpopulations of surface markers preserve the hierarchical potential of differentiation during proliferation, deterioration and relapse...
October 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200889/mesenchymal-phenotype-of-circulating-tumor-cells-is-associated-with-distant-metastasis-in-breast-cancer-patients
#5
Shirong Zhang, Tiecheng Wu, Xinguo Peng, Jian Liu, Fang Liu, Shiyang Wu, Suyan Liu, Yan Dong, Shujun Xie, Shenglin Ma
In this study, we investigated the relationship between the epithelial-mesenchymal transition phenotype of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and distant metastasis in breast cancer patients. We analyzed the expression of epithelial (epithelial cell adhesion molecule, cytokeratin [CK]8, CK18 and CK19) and mesenchymal (vimentin and TWIST1) markers in CTCs from a large cohort of Chinese breast cancer patients (N=1083) using Canpatrol™ CTC assays. We identified CTCs in 84.9% (920/1083) of the breast cancer patients enrolled in this study...
2017: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199005/ginsenoside-rg3-sensitizes-hypoxic-lung-cancer-cells-to-cisplatin-via-blocking-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-mediated-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-and-stemness
#6
Jingjing Wang, Lili Tian, Muhammad Noman Khan, Li Zhang, Qun Chen, Yi Zhao, Qiu Yan, Li Fu, Jiwei Liu
Cisplatin is a first line chemotherapy in lung cancer, but decreased susceptibility may limit its application. In solid tumors, hypoxia alters the microenvironment and is associated with proliferation, metastasis, and drug sensitivity. The hypoxia-induced desensitization of cisplatin is not clearly elucidated. 20 (R)-Ginsenoside (Rg3), the traditional Chinese medicine, is extracted from ginseng and has antitumor activities. In this study, we evaluated if Rg3 is effective in improving cisplatin sensitivity by blocking hypoxia...
November 30, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195901/triptolide-suppresses-paraquat-induced-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-by-inhibiting-tgfb1-dependent-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition
#7
Hong Chen, Qun Chen, Chun-Ming Jiang, Guang-Yue Shi, Bo-Wen Sui, Wei Zhang, Li-Zhen Yang, Zhu-Ying Li, Li Liu, Yu-Ming Su, Wen-Cheng Zhao, Hong-Qiang Sun, Zhen-Zi Li, Zhou Fu
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and tumor are highly similar to abnormal cell proliferation that damages the body. This malignant cell evolution in a stressful environment closely resembles that of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). As a popular EMT-inducing factor, TGFβ plays an important role in the progression of multiple diseases. However, the drugs that target TGFB1 are limited. In this study, we found that triptolide (TPL), a Chinese medicine extract, exerts an anti-lung fibrosis effect by inhibiting the EMT of lung epithelial cells...
November 28, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187885/huaier-restrains-proliferative-and-migratory-potential-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells-partially-through-decreased-yes-associated-protein-1
#8
Liang Shan, Yan Li, Hongyuan Jiang, Yuquan Tao, Zijun Qian, Lan Li, Feng Cai, Lifang Ma, Yongchun Yu
In China, Trametes robiniophila Murr (Huaier), a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, has been widely used in adjuvant therapies of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the molecular mechanisms have not been fully understood. The aims of this study are to investigate the functions and mechanisms of Huaier on inhibiting proliferation and migration of HCC cells. Firstly, cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and colony formation shown Huaier inhibited proliferation of HCC Bel-7404, Bel-7402 and SMMC-7721 cells in a dose-dependent manner, and this inhibition might be due to Huaier decreased the expressions of the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), the nuclear proliferation related antigen (Ki-67) and CyclinD1 detected by western blotting analysis...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183030/emodin-inhibits-atp-induced-proliferation-and-migration-by-suppressing-p2y-receptors-in-human-lung-adenocarcinoma-cells
#9
Xia Wang, Long Li, Ruijuan Guan, Danian Zhu, Nana Song, Linlin Shen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Extracellular ATP performs multiple important functions via activation of P2 receptors on the cell surface. P2Y receptors play critical roles in ATP evoked response in human lung adenocarcinoma cells (A549 cells). Emodin is an anthraquinone derivative originally isolated from Chinese rhubarb, possesses anticancer properties. In this study we examined the inhibiting effects of emodin on proliferation, migration and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) by suppressing P2Y receptors-dependent Ca2+ increase and nuclear factor-κB (NF-KB) signaling in A549 cells...
November 29, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156697/exploring-brusatol-as-a-new-anti-pancreatic-cancer-adjuvant-biological-evaluation-and-mechanistic-studies
#10
Zheng Lu, Zheng-Quan Lai, Albert W N Leung, Po Sing Leung, Zhao-Shen Li, Zhi-Xiu Lin
Pancreatic cancer is highly resistant to chemotherapeutic agents and is known to have a poor prognosis. The development of new therapeutic entities is badly needed for this deadly malignancy. In this study, we demonstrated for the first time that brusatol, a natural quassinoid isolated from a Chinese herbal medicine named Bruceae Fructus, possessed potent cytotoxic effect against different pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell lines. Its anti-pancreatic cancer effect was comparable to that of the first-line chemotherapeutic agents such as gemcitabine and 5-fluorouracil, with a more favorable safety profile...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138573/matrine-suppresses-the-migration-and-invasion-of-nsclc-cells-by-inhibiting-pax2-induced-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition
#11
Jun Yang, Du He, Yan Peng, Hongzhen Zhong, Yuhong Deng, Zhonghua Yu, Chengnong Guan, Yufang Zuo, Zumin Xu
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the major cause of deaths among all the cancer types worldwide. Most of the NSCLC is diagnosed at an advanced stage and the 5-year overall survival rate is low. The reason for the low survival rate of patients with NSCLC is mainly due to distant metastasis. Matrine, a traditional Chinese medicine, has been shown a significant anti-proliferation and anti-invasive effect in tumors. However, little is known on the anti-invasive mechanism of matrine in lung cancer. Therefore, we tried to investigate the molecular mechanism of matrine on the invasive ability of NSCLC cells in vitro...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136757/muscone-exerts-protective-roles-on-alcohol-induced-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head
#12
Yan-Jie Guo, Shi-Hua Luo, Ming-Jie Tang, Zu-Bin Zhou, Jun-Hui Yin, You-Shui Gao, Xiao-Qian Dang
Long-term alcohol abuse causes musculoskeletal disorders, among of which, alcohol-induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is of concern due to its significant and severe complications. A variety of methods have been attempted to prevent alcohol-induced ONFH, and monomers extracted from Chinese herbs might benefit the disease profoundly. In the current study, muscone, the main ingredient of musk, was used to prevent alcohol-induced ONFH. In vitro, ethanol was used to affect the potential of osteogenesis and proliferation of human bone mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs), and beneficial role of muscone was investigated on hBMSCs...
November 6, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110063/the-effect-of-icariin-on-bone-metabolism-and-its-potential-clinical-application
#13
REVIEW
Z Wang, D Wang, D Yang, W Zhen, J Zhang, S Peng
Osteoporosis is a bone disease characterized by reduced bone mass, which leads to increased risk of bone fractures, and poses a significant risk to public health, especially in the elderly population. The traditional Chinese medicinal herb Epimedii has been utilized for centuries to treat bone fracture and bone loss. Icariin is a prenylated flavonol glycoside isolated from Epimedium herb, and has been shown to be the main bioactive component. This review provides a comprehensive survey of previous studies on icariin, including its structure and function, effect on bone metabolism, and potential for clinical application...
November 6, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109519/network-pharmacology-based-validation-of-tams-cxcl-1-as-key-mediator-of-xiaopi-formula-preventing-breast-cancer-development-and-metastasis
#14
Neng Wang, Yifeng Zheng, Jiangyong Gu, Youli Cai, Shengqi Wang, Fengxue Zhang, Jianping Chen, Honglin Situ, Yi Lin, Zhiyu Wang
Network pharmacology has become a powerful means of understanding the mechanisms underlying the action of Chinese herbs in cancer treatment. This study aims to validate the preventive effects and molecular mechanisms of a clinical prescription XIAOPI formula against breast cancer. In vivo breast cancer xenograft data showed that XIAOPI delayed breast cancer development and efficiently inhibited lung metastasis, accompanied by prolonged survival benefits and decreased cancer stem cell subpopulations. However, similar phenomenon were not observed in a cell model...
November 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089766/evaluation-of-synergistic-osteogenesis-between-icariin-and-bmp2-through-a-micro-meso-hierarchical-porous-delivery-system
#15
Qian Wang, Lingyan Cao, Yang Liu, Ao Zheng, Jiannan Wu, Xinquan Jiang, Ping Ji
BMP2 is well known as an outstanding growth factor for inducing new bone formation. However, improvements are still required to use BMP2 effectively and expand its clinical application due to the potential side effects at high doses. In this study, icariin (IC), a type of traditional Chinese medicine, was originally proposed to be a cooperative factor for BMP2. An alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity assay showed that IC promoted BMP2 osteogenesis in a concentration-dependent manner with significant enhancement at 38...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032117/protective-effects-of-salvia-miltiorrhiza-on-adenine-induced-chronic-renal-failure-by-regulating-the-metabolic-profiling-and-modulating-the-nadph-oxidase-ros-erk-and-tgf-%C3%AE-smad-signaling-pathways
#16
Hongdie Cai, Shulan Su, Yonghui Li, Huiting Zeng, Zhenhua Zhu, Jianming Guo, Yue Zhu, Sheng Guo, Li Yu, Dawei Qian, Yuping Tang, Jinao Duan
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Chronic renal failure (CRF) is defined as a progressive and irreversible loss of renal function and associated with inflammation and oxidative stress. Salvia miltiorrhiza (SM) is an important Chinese herb used in traditional Chinese medicine for treating cardiovascular diseases. The previous studies showed the SM exhibited significant protective effects on CRF. In this present study, the metabolic profiling changes and action mechanism of SM on CRF were explored...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992620/potential-ameliorative-effects-of-qing-ye-dan-against-cadmium-induced-prostatic-deficits-via-regulating-nrf-2-ho-1-and-tgf-%C3%AE-1-smad-pathways
#17
Lifen Du, Yongfang Lei, Jinglou Chen, Hongping Song, Xinying Wu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cadmium (Cd) is an environmental pollutant with reproductive toxicity. Swertia mileensis is used in Chinese medicine for the treatment of prostatic deficits and named as Qing Ye Dan (QYD). This study was undertaken to investigate the potential protective effects of QYD against Cd-induced prostatic deficits. METHOD: Rat model of prostatic deficits was induced by 0.2 mg/kg/d CdCl2 subcutaneous injection for 15 days. The prostatic oxidative stress was evaluated by detecting the levels of malondialdehyde, nitric oxide, reduced/ oxidized glutathione, total sulfhydryl groups and enzymatic antioxidant status...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980068/a-unique-methylation-pattern-co-segregates-with-neural-tube-defect-statuses-in-han-chinese-pedigrees
#18
Ruiping Zhang, Lirong Cao, Yizheng Wang, Yulian Fang, Linsheng Zhao, Weidong Li, Ou-Yan Shi, Chun-Quan Cai
Neural tube defects (NTDs) are a complex trait associated with gene-environment interactions. Folic acid deficiency and planar cell polarity gene mutations account for some NTD cases; however, the etiology of NTDs is still little understood. In this study, in three Han Chinese NTD pedigrees (two with multiple affected children), with no information on folic acid deficiency or supplement, we examined genome-wide methylation profiles of each individual in these families. We further compared methylation status among cases and normal individuals within the pedigrees...
October 4, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966672/tetrahydroxystilbene-glucoside-isolated-from-polygonum-multiflorum-thunb-demonstrates-osteoblast-differentiation-promoting-activity
#19
Yayuan Zheng, Jin Li, Jingkai Wu, Yongjie Yu, Weimin Yao, Manru Zhou, Jun Tian, Jingjing Zhang, Liao Cui, Xiaobin Zeng, Yuyu Liu
Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. is a traditional Chinese medicinal herb that has been widely used to treat age-associated diseases. Tetrahydroxystilbene glucoside (TSG), also known as 2,3,5,4-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside, is a major component of this herb. The present study was designed to investigate the osteogenic differentiation promoting activity of TSG in rat mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and in zebrafish. Preliminary experiments using MTT assay and ALP methods indicate that the high potential activity for promoting osteogenic differentiation was observed when 50% ethanol eluate was used...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966242/the-role-of-e-cadherin-%C3%AE-catenin-in-hydroxysafflor-yellow-a-inhibiting-adhesion-invasion-migration-and-lung-metastasis-of-hepatoma-cells
#20
Long Ma, Li Liu, Yicong Ma, Hua Xie, Xue Yu, Xu Wang, Angran Fan, Dongyu Ge, Yingying Xu, Qian Zhang, Cai Song
Liver cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death. Due to treatments failures from drug resistance and cancer metastasis, discovering more effective treatments is imperative. As an angiogenesis inhibitor extracted from the Chinese herb-Safflower, hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) inhibits the tumor growth in H22-bearing mice. Poorly differentiated hepatoma cells showed the ability to invade and metastasize, which are dependent on the angiogenesis. Accordingly, we hypothesized that HSYA could inhibit the metastasis of liver cancer cells...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
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