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Mesenchymal cell Chinese

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414206/wenshen-zhuanggu-formula-effectively-suppresses-breast-cancer-bone-metastases-in-a-mouse-xenograft-model
#1
Jia-Jia Li, Wei-Ling Chen, Jian-Yi Wang, Qian-Wen Hu, Zhen-Ping Sun, Shuai Zhang, Sheng Liu, Xiang-Hui Han
Wenshen Zhuanggu formula (WSZG) is a traditional Chinese medicine used as an adjuvant for the prevention of bone metastases in breast cancer patients. In this study we investigated the efficacy of WSZG in preventing bone metastases and the potential mechanisms in a mouse xenograft model of breast cancer bone metastases. This model was established by injection of human MDA-MB-231BO-Luc breast cancer cells alone or a mixture of the cancer cells with bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) into left ventricle of the heart in female nude mice...
April 17, 2017: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412214/chinese-medicine-bu-fei-decoction-attenuates-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-via-inhibition-of-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-1-signaling-pathway-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#2
Xi-Ran He, Shu-Yan Han, Xiao-Hong Li, Wen-Xian Zheng, Li-Na Pang, Shan-Tong Jiang, Ping-Ping Li
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Traditional Chinese medicine Bu-Fei decoction (BFD) has been utilized to treat patients with Qi deficiency for decades, with the advantages of invigorating vital energy, clearing heat-toxin and moistening lung, etc. According to previous clinical experience and trials, BFD has been found to indeed improve life quality of lung cancer patients and prolong survival time. Nevertheless, little is known on its potential mechanisms so far. Being regarded as a pivotal cytokine in the tumor microenvironment, transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) stands out as a robust regulator of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which is closely linked to tumor progression...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408246/renal-protective-effect-and-action-mechanism-of-huangkui-capsule-and-its-main-five-flavonoids
#3
Hong-Die Cai, Shu-Lan Su, Da-Wei Qian, Sheng Guo, Wei-Wei Tao, Xu Dong Cong, Renmao Tang, Jin-Ao Duan
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The flower of Abelmoschus manihot (Linn.) Medicus (A. manihot), as a traditional Chinese Herbal medicine, was used widely in China with efficacy of inducing diuresis for treating strangurtia, and subdhing swelling and detoxicating. It has been reported that Huangkui capsule, prepared by the extract of the flower of A. manihot, can reduce the content of urinary protein, serum creatinine and serum urea nitrogen in nephropathy rats and processes renoprotective activity, while the action mechanism need to illuminate deeply...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388558/expression-of-estrogen-receptors-and-androgen-receptor-and-their-clinical-significance-in-gastric-cancer
#4
Wenbo Tang, Rujiao Liu, Yan Yan, Xiaoli Pan, Minjun Wang, Xiaotian Han, Hui Ren, Zhe Zhang
Despite the mounting studies exploring the role of estrogen receptor alpha (ERα), estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) and androgen receptor (AR) in gastric cancer (GC), there remain controversies in those findings. The present study investigated the expression of ERα, ERβ and AR in Chinese gastric cancer by immunohistochemistry, analyzed their clinical relevance in gastric cancer, and examined the potential mechanisms by which ERα and AR modulated GC progression. The positive rate of ERα, ERβ and AR in GC tissues was 6% (9/150), 93...
March 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380418/expression-of-emt-markers-and-mode-of-surgery-are-prognostic-in-phyllodes-tumors-of-the-breast
#5
Xiaolong Feng, Lin Zhao, Honghong Shen, Xiaozhen Liu, Yang Yang, Shuhua Lv, Yun Niu
Phyllodes tumors of the breast are rare neoplasms that account for <1% of all mammary tumors and 2-3% of fibro-epithelial neoplasms of the breast. We evaluated the clinicopathological characteristics of a cohort of 246 Chinese patients in relation to the expression of epithelial-to-mesenchymal (EMT) markers in benign, borderline and malignant tumors and the prognostic value of different surgical regimens. We observed that survival outcomes correlated with the mode of surgical management in the three patient groups...
March 23, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350842/combination-of-mesenchymal-stem-cell-injection-with-icariin-for-the-treatment-of-diabetes-associated-erectile-dysfunction
#6
Xiyou Wang, Chuanhai Liu, Yong Xu, Ping Chen, Yue Shen, Yansheng Xu, Yubo Zhao, Weihao Chen, Xinyu Zhang, Yun Ouyang, Yi Wang, Changliang Xie, Maojun Zhou, Cuilong Liu
The present study was aimed to examine whether icariin, a traditional Chinese medicine, could improve therapeutic effects of adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) for diabetes-associated erectile dysfunction (DMED). DMED were induced in rats by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin and confirmed by erectile function measurement. Then, rats of diabetic ED were randomly divided to receive the treatment of saline, ADSCs, icariin or ADSCs combined with icariin respectively. Compared with the treatment by ADSCs or icariin alone, intracavernosum injection of ADSCs combined with the following daily gastric gavage of icariin significantly augmented the value of ICP and ICP/MAP (p<0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299321/jianpi-jiedu-recipe-inhibits-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-in-colorectal-cancer-through-tgf-%C3%AE-smad-mediated-snail-e-cadherin-expression
#7
Xuan Liu, Qing Ji, Wanli Deng, Ni Chai, Yuanyuan Feng, Lihong Zhou, Hua Sui, Chunpu Li, Xiaoting Sun, Qi Li
JPJD was an ideal alternative traditional Chinese medicine compound in the prevention and treatment of CRC, but its underlying mechanisms has not been fully elucidated. In this study, we demonstrated in vitro that TGF-β-induced EMT promoted the invasion and metastasis of CRC cells, reduced the expression of E-cadherin, and elevated the expression of Vimentin. However, JPJD could inhibit the invasive and migratory ability of TGF-β-stimulated CRC cells in a concentration-dependent manner through increasing the expression of E-cadherin and repressing the expression of Vimentin, as well as the inhibition of TGF-β/Smad signaling pathway...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273854/overexpression-of-transforming-acidic-coiled-coil%C3%A2-containing-protein-3-reflects-malignant-characteristics-and-poor-prognosis-of-glioma
#8
Ying Sun, Yu Tian, Guang-Zhi Wang, Shi-Hong Zhao, Bo Han, Yong-Li Li, Chuan-Lu Jiang
Gliomas are malignant primary brain tumors with poor prognosis. Recently, research was indicative of a tight connection between tumor malignancy and genetic alterations. Here, we propose an oncogenic implication of transforming acidic coiled-coil-containing protein 3 (TACC3) in gliomas. By comprehensively analyzing the Chinese glioma genome atlas (CGGA) and publicly available data, we demonstrated that TACC3 were overexpressed along with glioma grade and served as an independent negative prognostic biomarker for glioma patients...
March 4, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184928/osthole-inhibits-the-tumorigenesis-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#9
Zhi-Kun Lin, Jia Liu, Guo-Qiang Jiang, Guang Tan, Peng Gong, Hai-Feng Luo, Hui-Min Li, Jian Du, Zhen Ning, Yi Xin, Zhong-Yu Wang
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) accounts for approximately 90% of all cases of primary liver cancer, and the majority of patients with HCC are deprived of effective curative methods. Osthole is a Chinese herbal medicine which has been reported to possess various pharmacological functions, including hepatocellular protection. In the present study, we investigated the anticancer activity of osthole using HCC cell lines. We found that osthole inhibited HCC cell proliferation, induced cell cycle arrest, triggered DNA damage and suppressed migration in HCC cell lines...
March 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161640/gastrodin-inhibits-osteoclastogenesis-via-down-regulating-the-nfatc1-signaling-pathway-and-stimulates-osseointegration-in%C3%A2-vitro
#10
Feng Zhou, Yi Shen, Bo Liu, Xia Chen, Lu Wan, Dan Peng
Bone is a rigid yet dynamic organ, and this dynamism is mediated by the delicate balance between osteoclastic bone resorption and osteoblastic bone formation. However, excessive activation of osteoclasts is responsible for many bone diseases such as osteoporosis, Paget disease, and tumor bone metastasis. Agents that could inhibit osteoclast formation or function are regarded as promising alternatives to treat osteoclast-related diseases. Recently, traditional Chinese medicine has attracted attention because of its multiple activities in bone metabolism...
February 2, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157698/anti-cancer-effect-of-danshen-and-dihydroisotanshinone-i-on-prostate-cancer-targeting-the-crosstalk-between-macrophages-and-cancer-cells-via-inhibition-of-the-stat3-ccl2-signaling-pathway
#11
Ching-Yuan Wu, Yao-Hsu Yang, Yin-Yin Lin, Feng-Che Kuan, Yu-Shin Lin, Wei-Yu Lin, Ming-Yen Tsai, Jia-Jing Yang, Yu-Ching Cheng, Li-Hsin Shu, Ming-Chu Lu, Yun-Ju Chen, Kuan-Der Lee, Hong-Yo Kang
Danshen (Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge) is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine. In our study, the in vivo protective effect of danshen in prostate cancer patients was validated through data from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. In vitro, we discovered that dihydroisotanshinone I (DT), a bioactive compound present in danshen, can inhibit the migration of both androgen-dependent and androgen-independent prostate cancer cells. In addition, we noted that DT substantially inhibited the migratory ability of prostate cancer cells in both a macrophage-conditioned medium and macrophage/prostate cancer coculture medium...
February 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146373/osthole-inhibited-tgf-%C3%AE-induced-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-emt-by-suppressing-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-mediated-snail-activation-in-lung-cancer-a549-cells
#12
Haitao Feng, Jin-Jian Lu, Yitao Wang, Lixia Pei, Xiuping Chen
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), the transdifferentiation of epithelial cells into mesenchymal cells, has been implicated in the metastasis and provides novel strategies for cancer therapy. Osthole (OST), a dominant active constituent of Chinese herb Cnidium monnieri, has been reported to inhibit cancer metastasis while the mechanisms remains unclear. Here, we studied the inhibitory effect and mechanisms of OST on TGF-β1-induced EMT in A549 cells. Cells were treated with TGF-β1 in the absence and presence of OST...
February 1, 2017: Cell Adhesion & Migration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116543/icariin-combined-with-human-umbilical-cord-mesenchymal-stem-cells-significantly-improve-the-impaired-kidney-function-in-chronic-renal-failure
#13
Wen Li, Li Wang, Xiaoqian Chu, Huantian Cui, Yuhong Bian
At present, the main therapy for chronic renal failure (CRF) is dialysis and renal transplantation, but neither obtains satisfactory results. Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (huMSCs) are isolated from the fetal umbilical cord which has a high self-renewal and multi-directional differentiation potential. Icariin (ICA), a kidney-tonifying Chinese Medicine can enhance the multipotency of huMSCs. Therefore, this work seeks to employ the use of ICA-treated huMSCs for the treatment of chronic renal failure...
April 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112375/astragaloside-iv-inhibits-metastasis-in-hepatoma-cells-through-the-suppression-of-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-via-the-akt-gsk-3%C3%AE-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway
#14
Cheng-Dong Qin, De-Ning Ma, Zheng-Gang Ren, Xiao-Dong Zhu, Cheng-Hao Wang, Ying-Cong Wang, Bo-Gen Ye, Man-Qing Cao, Dong-Mei Gao, Zhao-You Tang
Our previous studies demonstrated that traditional Chinese herbal medicine 'Songyou Yin' inhibited the growth and invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells, and altered epithelial‑mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers in oxaliplatin‑treated HCC tissues and cell lines. In the present study, we aimed to explore whether astragaloside IV (AS-IV), a component of 'Songyou Yin', can affect the growth and invasion of HCC cells and the underlying mechanism involved. Human HCC cell lines Huh7 and MHCC97-H, with low and high metastatic potential, respectively, were treated with increasing doses of AS-IV...
January 19, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040510/du-huo-ji-sheng-tang-and-its-active-component-ligusticum-chuanxiong-promote-osteogenic-differentiation-and-decrease-the-aging-process-of-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#15
Jir-You Wang, Che-Sheng Wen, Shih-Chieh Hung, Pei-Wen Chen, Jen-Hwey Chiu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Postmenopausal osteoporosis is the most common bone disease worldwide. Information concerning the effects of herbal medicines on mesenchymal cell osteogenesis and senescence remains lacking. AIM OF THIS STUDY: This study was designed to investigate the effects of Du-Huo-Ji-Sheng-Tang (DHJST), a Chinese herbal medicine and its active component Ligusticum chuanxiong on osteogenic differentiation and the aging process of human mesenchymal cells (hMSCs)...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030836/expression-and-clinical-relevance-of-epithelial-and-mesenchymal-markers-in-circulating-tumor-cells-from-colorectal-cancer
#16
Ren Zhao, Zhen Cai, Sheng Li, Yong Cheng, Hua Gao, Fang Liu, Shiyang Wu, Suyan Liu, Yan Dong, Lei Zheng, Wenbin Zhang, Xiaojun Wu, Xueqing Yao
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) with phenotypic hallmarks of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) reportedly contribute to tumor metastasis in different cancer types. We therefore evaluated the expression of EMT markers in CTCs obtained from a large cohort of Chinese patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) and investigated their clinical relevance. The CanPatrolTM CTC enrichment technique was used to isolate and classify CTCs. CTCs were detected in 1046 of 1203 patients (86.9%), and three phenotypes were identified based on the expression of epithelial and mesenchymal markers: epithelial CTCs, biophenotypic (epithelial/mesenchymal) CTCs, and mesenchymal CTCs...
February 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024500/-hematopoietic-reconstitution-and-prognosis-of-hla-matched-and-haploidentical-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-using-modified-fc-atg-conditioning-for-treatment-of-severe-aplastic-anemia
#17
Li Wang, Ya-Mei Wu, Yong-Bin Cao, Xiao-Hong Li, Li-Xin Xu, Hai-Tao Wang, Ya-Hui Gao, Xiao-Xiong Wu
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the feasibility and compare differences between hematopoietic reconstitution and prognosis of patients with severe aplastic anemia(SAA) after matched sibling donor (MSD) or haploidentical family donor (HFD) hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) using the modified FC/ATG conditioning. METHODS: The clinical data of 56 patients with SAA who received HSCT in First Affiliated Hospital of Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 2011 to June 2016 were analyzed retrospectively...
December 2016: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999734/molecular-and-clinical-characterization-of-pd-l1-expression-at-transcriptional-level-via-976-samples-of-brain-glioma
#18
Zheng Wang, Chuanbao Zhang, Xing Liu, Zhiliang Wang, Lihua Sun, Guanzhang Li, Jingshan Liang, Huimin Hu, Yanwei Liu, Wei Zhang, Tao Jiang
Background: PD-L1 has been widely reported as immune check points in a range of malignancies as well as some immune-originated diseases. In glioma, the role of PD-L1 remains unclear. We aimed at investigating its role at transcriptome level and relationship with clinical practice. Method and patients: In total, 976 glioma samples with transcriptome data, including 301 microarray data from Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA project) and 675 RNAseq data from TCGA project, were enrolled into our study. Clinical and IDH mutation data were also available...
2016: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990569/icariin-treated-human-umbilical-cord-mesenchymal-stem-cells-decrease-chronic-liver-injury-in-mice
#19
Huantian Cui, Zhen Liu, Li Wang, Yuhong Bian, Wen Li, Huifang Zhou, Xiaoqian Chu, Qingyun Zhao
Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUMSCs) have been shown to have multiple differentiation potentials. However, a key problem is that only a small number of hUMSCs can migrate to damaged tissue after transplantation. According to "The Theory of Kidney Essence" in Traditional Chinese Medicine, some traditional Chinese medicines used for tonifying the kidneys can be applied in promoting the differentiation and migration of stem cells in vivo. Our previous study demonstrated that icariin (ICA) could up-regulate the pluripotent genes of hUMSCs in vitro and induce cell migration in mice in an acute kidney injury model in vivo...
February 2017: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989784/emodin-suppresses-tgf-%C3%AE-1-induced-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-alveolar-epithelial-cells-through-notch-signaling-pathway
#20
Rundi Gao, Ruilin Chen, Yu Cao, Yuan Wang, Kang Song, Ya Zhang, Junchao Yang
Pulmonary fibrosis is characterized by the destruction of lung tissue architecture and the formation of fibrous foci, currently has no satisfactory treatment. Emodin is a component of Chinese herb that has been reported to be medicament on pancreatic fibrosis and liver fibrosis. However, its role in pulmonary fibrosis has not been established yet. In the present study, we investigated the hypothesis that Emodin plays an inhibitory role in TGF-β1 induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of alveolar epithelial cell, and Emodin exerts its effect through the Notch signaling pathway...
March 1, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
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