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Mesenchymal cell Chinese

Xiao-Fen Ruan, Yong-Jun Li, Cheng-Wei Ju, Yan Shen, Wei Lei, Can Chen, Yang Li, Hong Yu, Yu-Tao Liu, Il-Man Kim, Xiao-Long Wang, Neal L Weintraub, Yao-Liang Tang
Suxiao Jiuxin Pill (SJP) is a traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of acute coronary syndrome in China, which contains two principal components, tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) and borneol (BOR). Thus far, however, the molecular mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of SJP on the cardiac microenvironment are unknown. Cardiac mesenchymal stem cells (C-MSCs) communicate with cardiomyocytes (CMs) through the release of microvesicles (exosomes) to restore cardiac homeostasis and elicit repair, in part through epigenetic regulatory mechanisms...
March 15, 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
Xiao-Fen Ruan, Cheng-Wei Ju, Yan Shen, Yu-Tao Liu, Il-Man Kim, Hong Yu, Neal Weintraub, Xiao-Long Wang, Yao-Liang Tang
Cardiac mesenchymal stem cells (C-MSCs) are endogenous cardiac stromal cells that play a role in heart repair after injury. C-MSC-derived exosomes (Exo) have shown protective effects against apoptosis induced by acute myocardial ischemia/reperfusion. Suxiao Jiuxin pill (SJP) is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula used in China for the treatment of acute myocardial ischemia, which contains tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) and borneol (BOR) as major components. In this study, we investigated whether SJP treatment affected exosome release from C-MSCs in vitro...
March 15, 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
Feng Shen, Qing Guo, Qi Hu, Ailiang Zeng, Weining Wu, Wei Yan, Yongping You
Nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) exhibits an important role in inflammation and tumorigenesis. The key regulatory protein of the pathway, RELB Proto-Oncogene, NF-KB Subunit (relB), is overexpressed and associated with the pathogenesis of a variety of malignant tumors. However, the molecular features and clinical signature of relB expression in gliomas remains to be elucidated. The present study obtained the raw sequencing data of 325 glioma samples of all grades from the Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA) database and human glioma cell line (LN229) from the Chinese Academy of Sciences cell bank...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Wen Ye, Shaoping Ling, Ran-Yi Liu, Zhi-Zhong Pan, Gaoyuan Wang, Shijuan Gao, Jiangxue Wu, Lihua Cao, Lili Dong, Yingchang Li, Yi Zhou, Wuying Du, Xiangqi Meng, Jinna Chen, Xinyuan Guan, Yulong He, Changchuan Pan, X F Steven Zheng, Xuemei Lu, Shuai Chen, Wenlin Huang
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer worldwide, with more than 1.3 million new cases and 690,000 deaths each year. In China, the incidence of CRC has increased dramatically due to dietary and lifestyle changes, to become the fifth leading cause of cancer-related death. Here, we performed whole-exome sequencing in 50rectal cancer cases among the Chinese population as part of the International Cancer Genome Consortium research project. Frequently-mutated genes and enriched pathways were identified...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Pathology
Chao Ren, Peiyuan Yin, Neng Ren, Zhe Wang, Jiahui Wang, Caiyi Zhang, Wei Ge, Deqin Geng, Xiaotong Wang
Recent studies have suggested that the regulation of endogenous neural stem cells (NSCs) or transplanting of exogenous nerve cells are the newest and most promising methods for the treatment of dementia and other neurological diseases. The special location and limited number of endogenous NSCs, however, restrict their clinical application. The success in directional differentiation of exogenous stem cells from other tissue sources into neural cells has provided a novel source for NSCs. Study on the relative mechanisms is still at the preliminary stage...
March 9, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Mahmoud Hashemi Tabar, Mohammad Reza Tabandeh, Eskandar Moghimipour, Dian Dayer, Ata A Ghadiri, Elham Allah Bakhshi, Mahmoud Orazizadeh, Mohammad Ali Ghafari
Pancreatic and duodenal homeobox 1 (Pdx1) and Sonic hedgehog (Shh) are the key regulators of beta-cell function. In vitro experiments have shown that there is significant cooperation between Pdx1 and Shh with regard to the production and maintenance of insulin-producing cells (IPCs). In this study, the combined effect of Pdx1 overexpression and Shh manipulation on the function of adipose tissue-derived IPCs was determined. A eukaryotic expression vector ( Pdx1- pCDNA3.1(+)) was constructed and transfected into a Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line...
March 2018: FEBS Open Bio
Qiang Wang, Yongjian Zhao, Nannan Sha, Yan Zhang, Chenguang Li, Hao Zhang, Dezhi Tang, Sheng Lu, Qi Shi, Yongjun Wang, Bing Shu, Dongfeng Zhao
Primary osteoporosis (POP), which is caused by unbalanced bone remodeling, leads to significant economic and societal burdens globally. Gushukang (GSK) granule serves as one commonly used prescription for POP in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). The present study aimed to clarify the exact roles of GSK in bone remodeling with in vivo and in vitro assays. Here we showed that GSK prevented bone loss and the alternations of osteoporotic bone parameters as well as the decreased density of osteoclast in ovariectomized (OVX) mice...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Chao Wang, Hongsen Du, Jiqiu Hou, Shasha Yan, Jingjing Yang, Yun Wang, Xiujing Zhang, Lili Zhu, Haibin Zhao
Ischemic myocardium initiates the mobilization and homing of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) to promote myocardial regeneration after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Inflammation caused by necrotic cardiomyocytes induce major pathological changes (cardiac remodeling and myocardial apoptosis) as well as anxiety disorder. This process may be inhibited by the differentiation and paracrine effects of BM-MSCs. However, the spontaneous mobilization of BMSCs is insufficient to prevent this effect. Given the anti-inflammatory effects of BM-MSCs, ventricular remodeling and anxiety following AMI, methods focused on enhancing BMSCs mobilization are promising...
February 27, 2018: Scientific Reports
Yi-Quan Yan, Juan Xie, Jing-Fu Wang, Zhao-Feng Shi, Xiang Zhang, Yong-Ping Du, Xing-Cheng Zhao
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most malignant diseases worldwide. The unfavorable clinical outcome and poor prognosis are due to high rates of recurrence and metastasis after treatments. Some scholars of traditional Chinese medicine suggested that endogenous wind-evil had played an important role in metastasis of malignant tumor. Therefore, the drug of dispelling wind-evil could be used to prevent cancer metastasis and improve the poor prognosis. So we wondered whether Scorpion, one of the most important wind calming drugs, has antitumor effect especially in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and metastasis of HCC in this research...
January 1, 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
Yan Huang, Sun Wu, Yuan Zhang, Lihua Wang, Yan Guo
Introduction: T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) is a widely disseminated disease worldwide. Triptolide (TPL) is purified from Chinese herb and displays anti-inflammatory, anti-fertility, anti-tumor and immunosuppressive effects. Materials and methods: Here, in vitro and in vivo experiments were conducted to investigate the anti-tumor effect of TPL treatment in T-LBL and the potential mechanism in T-LBL progression. Results: TPL inhibited cell proliferation of T-LBL cells (Jurkat cells and Molt-3 cells) in a dose-dependent manner...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Yi Zhang, Hui Miao, Hongyu Yan, Yuchen Sheng, Lili Ji
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The fruit of Forsythia suspensa (Thunb.) Vahl, named Forsythiae Fructus (Lian-Qiao), is a well-known traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) used for clearing away heat and toxic material, eliminating the mass and relieving swelling. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aims to observe the attenuation of the water extract of Forsythiae Fructus (FSE) on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4 )-induced hepatic fibrosis in male C57BL/6 mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hepatic fibrosis was induced in male C57BL/6 mice by intraperitoneal injection with 2ml/kg CCl4 (mixed 1: 3 in olive oil) twice a week for 4 weeks...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Priyanka Grover, Sritama Nath, Monica D Nye, Ru Zhou, Mohammad Ahmad, Pinku Mukherjee
Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma (PDA) has a mortality rate that nearly matches its incidence rate. Transforming Growth Factor Beta (TGF-β) is a cytokine with a dual role in tumor development switching from a tumor suppressor to a tumor promoter. There is limited knowledge of how TGF-β function switches during tumorigenesis. Mucin 1 (MUC1) is an aberrantly glycosylated, membrane-bound, glycoprotein that is overexpressed in >80% of PDA cases and is associated with poor prognosis. In PDA, MUC1 promotes tumor progression and metastasis via signaling through its cytoplasmic tail (MUC1-CT) and interacting with other oncogenic signaling molecules...
January 23, 2018: Oncotarget
Hee Rae Kang, Hyung Sik Yun, Tae Kyoung Lee, Seulah Lee, Seon-Hee Kim, Eunjung Moon, Ki-Moon Park, Ki Hyun Kim
Oryza sativa L. is consumed globally as a staple food and its roots have been used as a Korean and Chinese medical supplement for protection of the stomach and lungs and for amelioration of vomiting and fever. In our continuing search for biologically effective metabolites from Korean natural materials, we found that an EtOH extract of O. sativa root reciprocally regulated adipocyte and osteoblast differentiation. Chemical analysis of the EtOH extract using a bioassay-guided fractionation protocol led to the isolation and determination of two novel lignans, oryzativols A and B, responsible for these regulatory activities...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Thomas Divya, Bakthavatchalam Velavan, Ganapasam Sudhandiran
The respiratory disease pulmonary fibrosis (PF), which is characterized by scar formation throughout the lung, imposes a serious health burden. No effective drug without side effects has been proven to prevent this fatal lung disease. In this context, the present study was undertaken to elucidate the protective effect of celastrol, a quinine methide pentacyclic triterpenoid from a Chinese medicinal plant 'thunder God vine' against bleomycin (BLM)-induced PF. We also attempted to study how the cytokine transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) stimulates fibrosis through the induction of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and the role of celastrol in regulating EMT...
February 2, 2018: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
Zhi Yang, Chengmin He, Jinyang He, Jing Chu, Hanping Liu, Xiaoyuan Deng
BACKGROUND: Adult full-thickness cutaneous wound repair suffers from an imbalanced immune response, leading to nonfunctional reconstructed tissue and fibrosis. Although various treatments have been reported, the immune-mediated tissue regeneration driven by biomaterial offers an attractive regenerative strategy for damaged tissue repair. METHODS: In this research, we investigated a specific bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) sheet that was induced by the Traditional Chinese Medicine curcumin (CS-C) and its immunomodulatory effects on wound repair...
January 31, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Xiang Tan, Lei Dai, Yongyong Wang, Guanbiao Liang, Nuo Yang, Mingwu Chen
RATIONALE: Mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition (MET) exon 14 skipping mutation was a targetable alteration in nonsmall-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and the MET inhibitor of crizotinib had the most efficacy among all the targeted drugs. Most of the cancer-related deaths are associated with metastasis. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) have been a valuable biomarker in assessing metastasis. Recent experiences suggested that CTCs detection may help improve diagnosis and predict prognosis for patients with NSCLC...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Shang-Pen Huang, Yu-Chan Chang, Qie Hua Low, Alexander T H Wu, Chi-Long Chen, Yuan-Feng Lin, Michael Hsiao
There is variation in the survival and therapeutic outcome of patients with glioblastomas (GBMs). Therapy resistance is an important challenge in the treatment of GBM patients. The aim of this study was to identify Temozolomide (TMZ) related genes and confirm their clinical relevance. The TMZ-related genes were discovered by analysis of the gene-expression profiling in our cell-based microarray. Their clinical relevance was verified by in silico meta-analysis of the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and the Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA) datasets...
December 26, 2017: Oncotarget
Xin Shi, Ji Yang, Gang Wei
Ginsenoside 20(S)-Rh2 (GRh2) is a bioactive compound derived from ginseng that is believed to maintain health in traditional Chinese medicine. Emerging evidence has suggested that GRh2 exhibits anti‑cancer activity. The present study hypothesized that GRh2 has an anti‑cancer function in human cervical cancer cells. An MTS assay demonstrated that GRh2 attenuated proliferation of HeLa cells in a dose‑ and time‑dependent manner. In addition, GRh2 inhibited migration and invasion, as determined by wound healing and transwell invasion assays, respectively...
January 18, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
B Arumugam, K Balagangadharan, N Selvamurugan
Syringic acid (SA), a phenolic acid, has been used in Chinese and Indian medicine for treating diabetes but its role in osteogenesis has not yet been investigated. In the present study, at the molecular and cellular levels, we evaluated the effects of SA on osteoblast differentiation. At the cellular level, there was increased alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and calcium deposition by SA treatment in mouse mesenchymal stem cells (mMSCs). At the molecular level, SA treatment of these cells stimulated expression of Runx2, a bone transcription factor, and of osteoblast differentiation marker genes such as ALP, type I collagen, and osteocalcin...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling
Zhenxing Zhang, Ting Liu, Man Yu, Kangdi Li, Wenhua Li
BACKGROUND: Tetrandrine is a bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid isolated from the Chinese medicinal herb Stephania tetrandra S. Moore. We previously demonstrated that tetrandrine exhibits potent antitumor effects in many types of cancer cells. In this study, we investigated the effects of tetrandrine on human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) metastasis. METHODS: The invasion and migration effects were evaluated via wound healing and transwell assays. Immunofluorescence and western blotting analyses were used to investigate the levels of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related protein...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
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