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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023743/oral-health-for-an-ageing-population-the-importance-of-a-natural-dentition-in-older-adults
#1
Frauke Müller, Yoshihiro Shimazaki, Febronia Kahabuka, Martin Schimmel
Despite progress in dentistry, tooth loss in old age is still a reality, even more so in long-term-care residents. However, recent trends indicate that natural teeth are lost later in life. Functional decline and age-related pathologies have to be considered in oral health care for this vulnerable population. Retaining and restoring teeth and oral function in elders is important. Tooth loss significantly impairs masticatory performance, which cannot be fully restored by prosthodontic means. Hence an unconscious change in food intake occurs, often involving malnutrition and withdrawal from common meals...
September 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023614/virtual-simulation-of-periodontal-surgery-including-presurgical-cad-cam-fabrication-of-tooth-colored-removable-splints-on-the-basis-of-cbct-data-a-case-report
#2
Jan-Frederik Güth, Ana Elisa Colle Kauling, Josef Schweiger, Jan Kühnisch, Michael Stimmelmayr
Innovative digital diagnostic, design, and manufacturing technologies combined with high-performance polymers offer new possibilities to facilitate complex interdisciplinary treatment procedures. This article reports on the interaction of different digital technologies, from presurgical digital simulation of periodontal surgery to final prosthodontic rehabilitation, in a case of amelogenesis imperfecta in a 17-year-old girl. The aim was to digitally determine the treatment outcome by three-dimensional simulation of the soft tissue removal and to create computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacture tooth-colored splints before the clinical treatment...
November 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023298/appraisal-of-function-after-rehabilitation-with-tongue-prosthesis
#3
Pankaj Kharade, Kanchan Dholam, Gurmit Bachher
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Prosthetic rehabilitation following total glossectomy is very complex procedure from clinical as well as laboratory point of view. The basic objective of prosthodontic rehabilitation is to deliver a comfortable as well as esthetically suitable prosthesis, which restores the impaired speech and deglutition function. PURPOSE: Prosthetic rehabilitation of patients after total glossectomy with tongue prosthesis to evaluate improvement in speech as well as swallowing function...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017762/occlusal-loading-during-biting-from-an-experimental-and-simulation-point-of-view
#4
REVIEW
Oliver Röhrle, Harnoor Saini, David C Ackland
OBJECTIVES: Occlusal loading during clenching and biting is achieved by the action of the masticatory system, and forms the basis for the evaluation of the functional performance of prosthodontic and maxillofacial components. This review provides an overview of (i) current bite force measurement techniques and their limitations and (ii) the use of computational modelling to predict bite force. A brief simulation study highlighting the challenges of current computational dental models is also presented...
October 7, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991761/dimensional-stability-and-acuracy-of-silicone-based-impression-materials-using-different-impression-techniques-a-literature-review
#5
Borjan Naumovski, Biljana Kapushevska
A quality-made dental impression is a prerequisite for successful fixed-prosthodontic fabrication and is directly dependent on the dimensional stability, accuracy and flexibility of the elastomeric impression materials, as well as on the appropriately used impression techniques. The purpose of this paper is to provide a literature review of relevant scientific papers which discuss the use of various silicone impression materials, different impression techniques and to evaluate their impact on the dimensional stability and accuracy of the obtained impressions...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983530/ceramic-laminate-veneers-clinical-procedures-with-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#6
Marco Veneziani
Complex cases with high esthetic needs represent a challenge for clinicians. A multidisciplinary approach is vital to achieve the planned result. New technological devices are needed to facilitate the collaboration between the clinical team members and to develop a fluent and effective diagnostic and therapeutic pathway. This article describes a well-defined protocol for the treatment of complex esthetic cases with the use of ceramic laminate veneers. The protocol involves different branches of dentistry: periodontal therapy, mucogingival surgery, restorative dentistry, orthodontics, and prosthodontics...
2017: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979573/prosthodontic-rehabilitation-of-arabic-speaking-individuals-with-velopharyngeal-incompetence-a-preliminary-study
#7
Abdel Rahim M Bibars, Firas S D Alfwaress, Abed Al-Hadi Hamasha, Zeid A Al-Hourani, Khader Almhdawi
BACKGROUND: Hypernasality is a frequently encountered problem in the speech of individuals with velopharyngeal incompetence. The use of palatal lift appliance (PLA) is the main treatment option for correction of velopharyngeal incompetence. The literature on the outcomes of using prosthetics treatment for Arabic speaking patients is scarce. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of using PLA on hypernasality of Arabic speaking patients with velopharyngeal incompetence...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978271/feline-dental-implants-long-term-follow-up-of-two-cases
#8
Rocco E Mele, Anthony Caiafa, Gregori M Kurtzman
Dental implants have become an option for replacement of lost canine teeth in cats. Although cats appear to manage well after a canine extraction, complications such as lip entrapment can occur after maxillary canine tooth extraction. Even cats with a complicated crown fracture of the maxillary canine tooth that have had root canal therapy can develop lip entrapment. This can lead to painful lip ulcers and potential need for further dental treatment. Canine tooth replacement with a dental implant and prosthodontic crown is, in the authors' experience, a predictable option that can be offered to clients who would like to replace a lost canine tooth...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969752/prosthodontic-management-of-palatopharyngeal-incompetency-a-case-report-on-palatal-lift-prosthesis
#9
Syed Murtaza Raza Kazmi, Zahid Iqbal
The palatal lift prostheses (PLP) are commonly used in the prosthetic management of palatopharyngeal incompetency. These prostheses work by lifting the soft palate upward and backward and also have physical and psychological benefits. In this case report, a PLPwas provided to the patient for her speech problems. The soft palate was mechanically lifted upward and backward. PLPreduced the diameter of palatopharyngeal sphincter. This decreased the dysarthria and led to an increase in patient confidence. Surgically repaired cleft palate of this patient with hyper-nasality was successfully managed with PLP...
September 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969263/challenges-in-learning-preclinical-prosthodontics-a-survey-of-perceptions-of-dental-undergraduates-and-teaching-faculty-at-an-indian-dental-school
#10
Kamal Shigli, S Jyotsna, G Rajesh, Umesh Wadgave, Banashree Sankeshwari, Sushma S Nayak, Rashmi Vyas
INTRODUCTION: Preclinical dental education promotes development of competency and expertise before students work on patients, but this phase is devoid of exposure to real patients leading to challenges in teaching-learning. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore the challenges faced by students during the process of learning preclinical prosthodontics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) were conducted with two different groups of students and one FGD was held with prosthodontics faculty...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968321/postradiotherapy-prosthetic-management-of-mandible-reconstructed-with-fibular-graft
#11
Pankaj Kharade, Kanchan Dholam, Pravin Bhirangi
Intraoral defects secondary to resection of mandible leading to mandibular discontinuity are very complicated to treat as the muscles exert forces on the residual portion of the mandible. Primarily this leads to disfigurement of the face. These forces also make mastication difficult due to imbalance. Ultimately it leads to poor quality of life for the patient. Apart from that the clinical outcome and prognosis of prosthetic rehabilitation of such patients is very poor. The composite fibular flap is the preferred donor site for reconstruction of most complex orofacial-mandibular defects...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967407/patient-outcomes-and-procedure-working-time-for-digital-versus-conventional-impressions-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Yolanda R Gallardo, Lauren Bohner, Pedro Tortamano, Monica N Pigozzo, Dalva C Laganá, Newton Sesma
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Limited evidence is available comparing digital versus conventional impressions from the point of view of patient preference. PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review was to identify and summarize the available literature related to patient-centered outcomes for digital versus conventional impression techniques. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The databases Medline, Cochrane, Science Direct, Scopus, and Embase were electronically searched and complemented by hand searches...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967405/prosthodontic-safety-checklist-before-delivery-of-screw-retained-and-cement-retained-implant-restorations
#13
Avinash S Bidra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964668/multidisciplinary-team-approach-in-the-oral-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-cleidocranial-dysplasia-to-achieve-a-functional-aesthetic-outcome
#14
D Patel, N Patel, P A Brennan, J Kwok
Cleidocranial dysplasia is a hereditary congenital disorder that results in delayed ossification of midline structures, and is caused by mutations in the RunX2 (runt-related transcription factor 2) gene located on the short arm of chromosome 6. Successful treatment depends on multidisciplinary assessment and a comprehensive staged treatment plan. We present a case series of 12 patients who were managed with a specifically tailored combination of surgery, orthodontics, and prosthodontics to provide a functional dentition and restore their smile and facial contour...
September 27, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962664/a-new-concept-for-implant-borne-dental-rehabilitation-how-to-overcome-the-biological-weak-spot-of-conventional-dental-implants
#15
Nils-Claudius Gellrich, Björn Rahlf, Rüdiger Zimmerer, Philipp-Cornelius Pott, Majeed Rana
BACKGROUND: Every endosseous dental implant is dependent on an adequate amount and quality of peri-implant hard and soft tissues and their fully functional interaction. The dental implant could fail in cases of insufficient bone and soft tissues or due to a violation of the soft to hard tissues to implant shoulder interface with arising of a secondary bone loss. METHOD: To overcome this biological weak-spot, we designed a new implant that allows for multi vector endosseous anchorage around the individual underlying bone, which has to be scanned by computed tomography (CT) or Cone beam CT (CBCT) technique to allow for planning the implant...
September 29, 2017: Head & Face Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944366/fixed-vs-removable-complete-arch-implant-prostheses-a-literature-review-of-prosthodontic-outcomes
#16
Charles Goodacre, Brian Goodacre
AIM: To compare implant fixed complete dentures with implant overdentures relative to prosthodontic outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An electronic Medline (PubMed) with MeSH terms, and Cochrane library search was performed, focusing on studies that included implant fixed complete dentures and implant overdentures in the same study, with the results based on studies that included both types of prostheses. RESULTS: The following six categories of comparative studies were identified in the literature: 1) Implant and prosthesis survival; 2) Prosthesis maintenance/complications; 3) Bone changes; 4) Patient satisfaction and quality of life; 5) Cost-effectiveness; and 6) Masticatory performance...
2017: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936042/comparison-of-photographic-and-conventional-methods-for-tooth-shade-selection-a-clinical-evaluation
#17
Juzer S Miyajiwala, Mohit G Kheur, Anuya H Patankar, Tabrez A Lakha
AIM: This study aimed to compare three different methods used for shade selection, i.e., visual method, spectrophotometer, and digital photography method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty participants were selected from the Out Patient Department of Prosthodontics. Presence of the maxillary right central incisor with no history of any restorative or endodontic procedures was the primary inclusion criterion. The shade of the right maxillary central incisor was determined using all the three shade selection procedures, namely, visual, spectrophotometric, and digital photography method for all the selected participants...
July 2017: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929829/quantitative-sensory-testing-for-assessment-of-somatosensory-function-in-human-oral-mucosa-a-review
#18
Pin Zhou, Yaming Chen, Jinglu Zhang, Kelun Wang, Peter Svensson
OBJECTIVE: This narrative review provides an overview of the quantitative sensory testing (QST) to assess somatosensory function in human oral mucosa. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted in the PubMed database to identify studies in vivo on human oral mucosa using QST methods. A list of 149 articles was obtained and screened. A total of 36 relevant articles remained and were read in full text. Manual search of the reference lists identified eight additional relevant studies...
September 20, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927393/the-complete-digital-workflow-in-fixed-prosthodontics-a-systematic-review
#19
Tim Joda, Fernando Zarone, Marco Ferrari
BACKGROUND: The continuous development in dental processing ensures new opportunities in the field of fixed prosthodontics in a complete virtual environment without any physical model situations. The aim was to compare fully digitalized workflows to conventional and/or mixed analog-digital workflows for the treatment with tooth-borne or implant-supported fixed reconstructions. METHODS: A PICO strategy was executed using an electronic (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Google Scholar) plus manual search up to 2016-09-16 focusing on RCTs investigating complete digital workflows in fixed prosthodontics with regard to economics or esthetics or patient-centered outcomes with or without follow-up or survival/success rate analysis as well as complication assessment of at least 1 year under function...
September 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925546/multidisciplinary-full-mouth-rehabilitation-with-soft-tissue-regeneration-in-the-esthetic-zone
#20
Anja Liebermann, Stefan Frei, Madalena Lucia Pinheiro Dias Engler, Otto Zuhr, Otto Prandtner, Daniel Edelhoff, Reza Saeidi Pour
OBJECTIVE: Oral rehabilitation often requires a multidisciplinary approach including restorative dentistry, prosthodontics, and periodontology to fulfill high esthetic and functional demands, frequently combined with changes in the vertical dimension. The presence of gingival recessions can be associated with numerous factors, such as brushing or preparation trauma and persistent inflammation of the gingiva due to inadequate marginal fit of restorations. Because gingival recessions can cause major esthetic and functional problems, obtaining stability of the gingival tissue around prosthetic restorations is of essential concern...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
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