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Interstitial lung disease animal model

T M Bell, C I Shaia, J J Bearss, M E Mattix, K A Koistinen, S P Honnold, X Zeng, C D Blancett, G C Donnelly, J D Shamblin, E R Wilkinson, K A Cashman
Lassa virus (LASV) infection causes an acute, multisystemic viral hemorrhagic fever that annually infects an estimated 100 000 to 300 000 persons in West Africa. This pathogenesis study evaluated the temporal progression of disease in guinea pigs following aerosol and subcutaneous inoculation of the Josiah strain of LASV as well as the usefulness of Strain 13 guinea pigs as an animal model for Lassa fever. After experimental infection, guinea pigs ( Cavia porcellus; n = 67) were serially sampled to evaluate the temporal progression of infection, gross and histologic lesions, and serum chemistry and hematologic changes...
May 2017: Veterinary Pathology
Fabio Franco Stellari, Francesca Ruscitti, Daniela Pompilio, Francesca Ravanetti, Giulia Tebaldi, Francesca Macchi, Andrea Elizabeth Verna, Gino Villetti, Gaetano Donofrio
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a very common interstitial lung disease derived from chronic inflammatory insults, characterized by massive scar tissue deposition that causes the progressive loss of lung function and subsequent death for respiratory failure. Bleomycin is used as the standard agent to induce experimental pulmonary fibrosis in animal models for the study of its pathogenesis. However, to visualize the establishment of lung fibrosis after treatment, the animal sacrifice is necessary. Thus, the aim of this study was to avoid this limitation by using an innovative approach based on a double bleomycin treatment protocol, along with the in vivo images analysis of bleomycin-treated mice...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
Jong-Uk Lee, Hun Soo Chang, Hyeon Ju Lee, Chang An Jung, Da Jeong Bae, Hyun Ji Song, Jong Sook Park, Soo-Taek Uh, Young Hoon Kim, Ki-Hyun Seo, Choon-Sik Park
BACKGROUND: Innate T helper type 2 (Th2) immune responses mediated by interleukin (IL)-33, thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), and IL-25 have been shown to play an important role in pulmonary fibrosis of animal models; however, their clinical implications remain poorly understood. METHODS: TSLP, IL-25, and IL-33 concentrations were measured in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids obtained from normal controls (NCs; n = 40) and from patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF; n = 100), non-specific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP; n = 22), hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP; n = 20), and sarcoidosis (n = 19)...
February 15, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Swarna Bale, Manoj Sunkoju, Shiva Shankar Reddy, Veerabhadra Swamy, Chandraiah Godugu
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary fibrosis (PF) is a progressive and predominantly lethal form of several interstitial lung diseases with limited current therapeutics; it is, therefore, essential to develop a simple, homogeneous, and noninvasive disease model to investigate possible anti-fibrotic approaches. The present study is designed to develop oropharyngeal aspiration (OPA) model of bleomycin (BLM)-induced PF as a simple and alternative to intratracheal (IT) administration of BLM in Swiss mice strain...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
Yijie Hu, Betel Yibrehu, Diana Zabini, Wolfgang M Kuebler
Sarcoidosis is a debilitating, inflammatory, multiorgan, granulomatous disease of unknown cause, commonly affecting the lung. In contrast to other chronic lung diseases such as interstitial pulmonary fibrosis or pulmonary arterial hypertension, there is so far no widely accepted or implemented animal model for this disease. This has hampered our insights into the etiology of sarcoidosis, the mechanisms of its pathogenesis, the identification of new biomarkers and diagnostic tools and, last not least, the development and implementation of novel treatment strategies...
November 2, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
Shuhei Noguchi, Masamitsu Eitoku, Hidenori Kiyosawa, Narufumi Suganuma
Occupational inhalation of indium compounds can cause the so-called "indium lung disease". Most affected individuals show pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) and fibrotic interstitial lung disease. In animal experiments, inhalation of indium tin oxide or indium oxide has been shown to cause lung damage. However, the mechanisms by which indium compounds lead to indium lung disease remain unknown. In this study, we constructed a mouse model of indium lung disease and analyzed gene expression in response to indium exposure...
August 2016: Inhalation Toxicology
Stefen A Boehme, Karin Franz-Bacon, Danielle N DiTirro, Tai Wei Ly, Kevin B Bacon
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive, debilitating disease for which two medications, pirfenidone and nintedanib, have only recently been approved for treatment. The cytokine TGF-β has been shown to be a central mediator in the disease process. We investigated the role of a novel kinase, MAP3K19, upregulated in IPF tissue, in TGF-β-induced signal transduction and in bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis. MAP3K19 has a very limited tissue expression, restricted primarily to the lungs and trachea...
2016: PloS One
T Takahashi, Y Asano, K Nakamura, T Yamashita, R Saigusa, Y Ichimura, T Toyama, T Taniguchi, A Yoshizaki, Z Tamaki, Y Tada, M Sugaya, T Kadono, S Sato
BACKGROUND: LL-37 is an antimicrobial peptide with pleiotropic effects on the immune system, angiogenesis and tissue remodelling. These are cardinal pathological events in systemic sclerosis (SSc). OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the potential role of LL-37 in SSc. METHODS: The expression of target molecules was evaluated by immunostaining and quantitative reverse-transcription real-time polymerase chain reaction in human and murine skin. The mechanisms regulating LL-37 expression in endothelial cells were examined by gene silencing and chromatin immunoprecipitation...
December 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
Tatiana Paula Teixeira Ferreira, Lívia Lacerda Mariano, Roberta Ghilosso-Bortolini, Ana Carolina Santos de Arantes, Andrey Junior Fernandes, Michelle Berni, Valentina Cecchinato, Mariagrazia Uguccioni, Roberto Maj, Alcide Barberis, Patricia Machado Rodrigues E Silva, Marco Aurélio Martins
Prior investigations show that signaling activation through pattern recognition receptors can directly impact a number of inflammatory lung diseases. While toll-like receptor (TLR) 7 agonists have raised interest for their ability to inhibit allergen-induced pathological changes in experimental asthma conditions, the putative benefit of this treatment is limited by adverse effects. Our aim was to evaluate the therapeutic potential of two PEGylated purine-like compounds, TMX-302 and TMX-306, characterized by TLR7 partial agonistic activity; therefore, the compounds are expected to induce lower local and systemic adverse reactions...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
Zhong-Jian Shen, Jie Hu, Kazuhiro Shiizaki, Makoto Kuro-o, James S Malter
Tubulo-interstitial fibrosis is a common, destructive endpoint for a variety of kidney diseases. Fibrosis is well correlated with the loss of kidney function in both humans and rodents. The identification of modulators of fibrosis could provide novel therapeutic approaches to reducing disease progression or severity. Here, we show that the peptidyl-prolyl isomerase Pin1 is an important molecular contributor that facilitates renal fibrosis in a well-characterized animal model. While wild-type mice fed a high phosphate diet (HPD) for 8-12 weeks developed calcium deposition, macrophage infiltration and extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation in the kidney interstitium, Pin1 null mice showed significantly less pathology...
2016: PloS One
Liu-nan Song, Xiao-dan Kong, Hong-jiang Wang, Li-bin Zhan
INTRODUCTION: Development of an animal model of rheumatoid arthritis-interstitial lung disease (RA-ILD) and improved knowledge of the pathogenesis of RA-ILD may facilitate earlier diagnosis and the development of more effective targeted therapies. METHODS: Adult male Wistar rats were studied in an adjuvant arthritis (AA) model induced by the injection of Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA). Rats were sacrificed on days 7, 14, 21, and 28 after FCA injection. Lung tissue was obtained for histopathological examination and evaluation of Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β1) protein expression levels...
2016: BioMed Research International
Hao Sun, Junjie Chen, Wenyi Qian, Jiang Kang, Jun Wang, Lei Jiang, Li Qiao, Wei Chen, Jinsong Zhang
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic fatal lung disease characterized by aberrant accumulation of fibroblast population and deposition of extra cellular matrix. Increasing evidence support that epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of alveolar epithelial cells is a critical process in the pathogenesis of IPF. Although delivery of bleomycin to induce acute lung injury is the most well-studied animal model of pulmonary fibrosis, there is considerable interest to pursue other models to understand the common and/or specific pathological mechanisms...
July 2016: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Yoshihide Asano
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a multisystem connective tissue disease characterized by the three cardinal pathological features, comprising aberrant immune activation, vasculopathy and tissue fibrosis, with unknown etiology. Although many inducible and genetic animal models mimicking the selected aspects of SSc have been well documented, the lack of models encompassing the full clinical manifestations hindered the development and preclinical testing of therapies against this disease. Under this situation, three new genetic animal models have recently been established, such as Fra2 transgenic mice, urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor deficient mice and Klf5(+/-) ;Fli1(+/-) mice, all of which recapitulate the pathological cascade of SSc...
January 2016: Journal of Dermatology
Selvaraj Pavulraj, Bidhan Chandra Bera, Alok Joshi, Taruna Anand, Meenakshi Virmani, Rajesh Kumar Vaid, Karuppusamy Shanmugasundaram, Baldev Raj Gulati, K Rajukumar, Rajendra Singh, Jyoti Misri, Raj Kumar Singh, Bhupendra Nath Tripathi, Nitin Virmani
Equine influenza viruses (EIV)-H3N8 continue to circulate in equine population throughout the world. They evolve by the process of antigenic drift that leads to substantial change in the antigenicity of the virus, thereby necessitating substitution of virus strain in the vaccines. This requires frequent testing of the new vaccines in the in vivo system; however, lack of an appropriate laboratory animal challenge model for testing protective efficacy of equine influenza vaccine candidates hinders the screening of new vaccines and other therapeutic approaches...
2015: PloS One
X Cao, H Y Xia, T Zhang, L C Qi, B Y Zhang, R Cui, X Chen, Y R Zhao, X Q Li
Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) has a protective effect on acute injury of the heart, brain, and lung. However, its role in acute kidney injury (AKI) remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of lyophilized recombinant human BNP (lrh-BNP) on AKI and the underlying molecular mechanisms. An experimental model for AKI was established using an ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) procedure. Healthy adult BALB/c mice were randomized to the sham, I/R, and lrh-BNP-treated post-I/R (BNP + I/R) groups...
October 27, 2015: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Lili Gao, Haiying Tang, Huanyu He, Jia Liu, Jingwei Mao, Hong Ji, Hongli Lin, Taihua Wu
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a progressive and lethal form of interstitial lung disease that lacks effective therapies at present. Glycyrrhizic acid (GA), a natural compound extracted from a traditional Chinese herbal medicine Glycyrrhiza glabra, was recently reported to benefit lung injury and liver fibrosis in animal models, yet whether GA has a therapeutic effect on pulmonary fibrosis is unknown. In this study, we investigated the potential therapeutic effect of GA on pulmonary fibrosis in a rat model with bleomycin (BLM)-induced pulmonary fibrosis...
2015: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Melissa A Badding, Natalie R Fix, Marlene S Orandle, Mark W Barger, Katherine M Dunnick, Kristin J Cummings, Stephen S Leonard
Indium-tin oxide (ITO) is used to make transparent conductive coatings for touch-screen and liquid crystal display electronics. Occupational exposures to potentially toxic particles generated during ITO production have increased in recent years as the demand for consumer electronics continues to rise. Previous studies have demonstrated cytotoxicity in vitro and animal models have shown pulmonary inflammation and injury in response to various indium-containing particles. In humans, pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) and fibrotic interstitial lung disease have been observed in ITO facility workers...
April 2016: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
Joseph L Unthank, Steven J Miller, Ariel K Quickery, Ethan L Ferguson, Meijing Wang, Carol H Sampson, Hui Lin Chua, Matthew R DiStasi, Hailin Feng, Alexa Fisher, Barry P Katz, P Artur Plett, George E Sandusky, Rajendran Sellamuthu, Sasidhar Vemula, Eric P Cohen, Thomas J MacVittie, Christie M Orschell
The threat of radiation exposure from warfare or radiation accidents raises the need for appropriate animal models to study the acute and chronic effects of high dose rate radiation exposure. The goal of this study was to assess the late development of fibrosis in multiple organs (kidney, heart, and lung) in survivors of the C57BL/6 mouse model of the hematopoietic-acute radiation syndrome (H-ARS). Separate groups of mice for histological and functional studies were exposed to a single uniform total body dose between 8...
November 2015: Health Physics
Michael G Crooks, Simon P Hart
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is an incurable, progressive interstitial lung disease with a prognosis that is worse than that of many cancers. Epidemiological studies have demonstrated a link between IPF and thrombotic vascular events. Coagulation and fibrinolytic systems play central roles in wound healing and repair, processes hypothesised to be abnormal within the IPF lung. Animal models of pulmonary fibrosis have demonstrated an imbalance between thrombosis and fibrinolysis within the alveolar compartment, a finding that is also observed in IPF patients...
September 2015: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
Brigid M O'Flaherty, Caline G Matar, Brian S Wakeman, AnaPatricia Garcia, Carol A Wilke, Cynthia L Courtney, Bethany B Moore, Samuel H Speck
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), one of the most severe interstitial lung diseases, is a progressive fibrotic disorder of unknown etiology. However, there is growing appreciation for the role of viral infection in disease induction and/or progression. A small animal model of multi-organ fibrosis, which involves murine gammaherpesvirus (MHV68) infection of interferon gamma receptor deficient (IFNγR-/-) mice, has been utilized to model the association of gammaherpesvirus infections and lung fibrosis. Notably, several MHV68 mutants which fail to induce fibrosis have been identified...
2015: PloS One
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