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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650933/cyp2e1-gene-polymorphisms-related-to-the-formation-of-coronary-artery-lesions-in-kawasaki-disease
#1
Ling-Sai Chang, Yu-Wen Hsu, Chien-Chang Lu, Mao-Hung Lo, Kai-Sheng Hsieh, Sung-Chou Li, Wei-Chiao Chang, Ho-Chang Kuo
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute febrile systemic vasculitis that disturbs coronary arteries. Patients' risks of adverse cardiovascular events and subclinical atherosclerosis have been found to significantly increase with polymorphisms of the human cytochrome P450. This current study aims to research the possible relationship between Cytochrome P450, Family 2, Subfamily E, and Polypeptide 1 (CYP2E1) polymorphisms with KD. METHODS: We selected six tag single-nucleotide polymorphisms (tSNPs) of the CYP2E1 gene for TaqMan allelic discrimination assay in 340 KD patients and performed analysis on the clinical phenotypes and coronary artery lesions (CAL)...
June 23, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650878/leber-hereditary-optic-neuropathy-bridging-the-translational-gap
#2
Neringa Jurkute, Patrick Yu-Wai-Man
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is the most common primary mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genetic disorder in the population. We address the clinical evolution of the disease, the secondary etiological factors that could contribute to visual loss, and the challenging task of developing effective treatments. RECENT FINDINGS: LHON is characterized by a preclinical phase that reflects retinal ganglion cell (RGC) dysfunction before rapid visual deterioration ensues...
June 24, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650207/epicardial-pericardial-and-total-cardiac-fat-and-cardiovascular-disease-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-with-elevated-urinary-albumin-excretion-rate
#3
Regitse H Christensen, Bernt J von Scholten, Christian S Hansen, Sarah E Heywood, Jaya B Rosenmeier, Ulrik B Andersen, Peter Hovind, Henrik Reinhard, Hans-Henrik Parving, Bente K Pedersen, Marit E Jørgensen, Peter K Jacobsen, Peter Rossing
Background We evaluated the association of cardiac adipose tissue including epicardial adipose tissue and pericardial adipose tissue with incident cardiovascular disease and mortality, coronary artery calcium, carotid intima media thickness and inflammatory markers. Design A prospective study of 200 patients with type 2 diabetes and elevated urinary albumin excretion rate (UAER). Methods Cardiac adipose tissue was measured from baseline echocardiography. The composite endpoint comprised incident cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649913/faecal-calprotectin-detects-subclinical-bowel-inflammation-and-may-predict-treatment-response-in-spondyloarthritis
#4
R D Østgård, B W Deleuran, M Y Dam, I T Hansen, A G Jurik, H Glerup
OBJECTIVE: Intestinal inflammation is frequent in patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA). Here, we test the validity of faecal calprotectin as a marker of intestinal inflammation in SpA patients and evaluate the response of adalimumab in patients with and without intestinal lesions. METHOD: Patients were included on the basis of active SpA with a Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index ≥ 4. After a 4 week non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug washout period, patients were divided into two groups based on faecal calprotectin level (> 100 mg/kg, n = 15, and < 50 mg/kg, n = 15)...
June 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648503/genetics-of-thyroid-function
#5
REVIEW
Marco Medici, Theo J Visser, Robin P Peeters
Recent studies show that subtle variations in thyroid function, including subclinical thyroid dysfunction, and even variation in thyroid function within the normal range, are associated with morbidity and mortality. It is estimated that 40-65% of the inter-individual variation in serum TSH and FT4 levels is determined by genetic factors. To identify these factors, various linkage and candidate gene studies have been performed in the past, which have identified only a few genes. In the last decade, genome-wide association studies identified many new genes, while recent whole-genome sequencing efforts have also been proven to be effective...
March 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648418/longitudinal-ventricular-systolic-dysfunction-in-patients-with-very-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-case-control-study-using-speckle-tracking-imaging
#6
Mithun Jacob Varghese, Gautam Sharma, Garima Shukla, Sandeep Seth, Sundeep Mishra, Anupama Gupta, Vinay Kumar Bahl
OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a prevalent condition that is increasingly recognized to be associated with cardiovascular disease. We aimed to investigate the subclinical systolic ventricular dysfunction of patients with OSA using novel speckle tracking echocardiographic (STE) techniques. METHODS: This study included 31 patients of polysomnography proven very severe OSA [Apnea Hypopnea Index(AHI) >40] and an equal number of matched population with no OSA as controls...
May 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648251/immune-thrombocytopenia-of-childhood-responsive-to-tonsillectomy-in-the-setting-of-chronic-tonsillitis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Richard William Thompson, Anil Gungor
OBJECTIVES: Immune thrombocytopenia of childhood (platelet count <100,000/μL) is the most common cause of thrombocytopenia in children. Patients typically present with bruising and bleeding in the setting of thrombocytopenia. Although it is usually short-lived, some cases persist and are unresponsive to treatment. This can lead to exposure to a variety of treatment regimens including immunosuppressants and splenectomy. The goal of this report is to present a case of chronic ITP of childhood that responded to tonsillectomy addressing the tonsils as a source of chronic infection and inflammation triggering ITP...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647689/associations-of-cigarette-smoking-with-subclinical-inflammation-and-atherosclerosis-elsa-brasil-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health
#8
Sina Kianoush, Mohammad Yawar Yakoob, Mahmoud Al-Rifai, Andrew P DeFilippis, Marcio S Bittencourt, Bruce B Duncan, Isabela M Bensenor, Aruni Bhatnagar, Paulo A Lotufo, Michael J Blaha
BACKGROUND: There is a need to identify sensitive biomarkers of early tobacco-related cardiovascular disease. We examined the association of smoking status, burden, time since quitting, and intensity, with markers of inflammation and subclinical atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 14 103 participants without clinical cardiovascular disease in ELSA-Brasil (Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health). We evaluated baseline cross-sectional associations between smoking parameters and inflammation (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein [hsCRP]) and measures of subclinical atherosclerosis (carotid intima-media thickness, ankle-brachial index, and coronary artery calcium [CAC])...
June 24, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647335/incidence-and-duration-of-increased-somatic-cell-count-in-swedish-dairy-cows-and-associations-with-milking-system-type
#9
J Frössling, A Ohlson, C Hallén-Sandgren
Mastitis is one of the most costly diseases in dairy cows worldwide. Increased somatic cell count (SCC) is an indication of mastitis, often subclinical, which implies bacterial infection without clinical signs of inflammation. The aim was to investigate the occurrence of elevated udder SCC (defined as ≥200,000 cells/mL) over the lactation period, and before and after the dry period, for cows of different parity. The aim was also to analyze the association between prevalence and incidence of increased udder SCC and information on cow and herd level, such as breed and milking system type...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647334/test-characteristics-of-milk-amyloid-a-elisa-somatic-cell-count-and-bacteriological-culture-for-detection-of-intramammary-pathogens-that-cause-subclinical-mastitis
#10
S Jaeger, F Virchow, P R Torgerson, M Bischoff, B Biner, S Hartnack, S R Rüegg
Bovine mastitis is an important disease in the dairy industry, causing economic losses as a result of withheld milk and treatment costs. Several studies have suggested milk amyloid A (MAA) as a promising biomarker in the diagnosis of mastitis. In the absence of a gold standard for diagnosis of subclinical mastitis, we estimated the diagnostic test accuracy of a commercial MAA-ELISA, somatic cell count (SCC), and bacteriological culture using Bayesian latent class modeling. We divided intramammary infections into 2 classes: those caused by major pathogens (e...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646319/presence-of-enthesopathy-in-patients-with-primary-sjogren-s-syndrome-ultrasonographic-study-of-a-local-cohort
#11
Sinem Sag, Mustafa Serdar Sag, Ibrahim Tekeoglu, Ayhan Kamanlı, Kemal Nas
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal findings in Sjögren's syndrome are arthralgia, arthritis, myalgia, myositis, fibromyalgia, and chronic fatigue. Enthesis zones are important in the formation of pain in the musculoskeletal system. Musculoskeletal ultrasound (US) may show subclinical enthesitis in the synovial joints and in the axial skeleton before joint swelling in inflammatory diseases characterized by arthritis. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to determine the presence of enthesopathy using the Madrid sonographic enthesitis index (MASEI) in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (PSS)...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645471/association-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-with-subclinical-cardiovascular-disease-predicted-by-coronary-artery-calcium-score-in-asymptomatic-subjects
#12
Min Young Seo, Jin-Young Lee, Joo-Yong Hahn, Gwanghui Ryu, Sang Duk Hong, Hun-Jong Dhong, Seung-Kyu Chung, Hyo Yeol Kim
The aim of this study is to determine the association among various sleep parameters for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and subclinical cardiovascular disease measured by coronary artery calcium (CAC) score. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 461 patients who underwent both polysomnography (PSG) and coronary artery computed tomography to evaluate CAC score. For each participant, coronary artery computed tomography was conducted within 12 months of PSG. We evaluated the possible association among various PSG parameters by evaluating overnight-attended PSG and CAC...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644393/mutations-in-the-genes-for-interphotoreceptor-matrix-proteoglycans-impg1-and-impg2-in-patients-with-vitelliform-macular-lesions
#13
Caroline Brandl, Heidi L Schulz, Peter Charbel Issa, Johannes Birtel, Richard Bergholz, Clemens Lange, Claudia Dahlke, Ditta Zobor, Bernhard H F Weber, Heidi Stöhr
A significant portion of patients diagnosed with vitelliform macular dystrophy (VMD) do not carry causative mutations in the classic VMD genes BEST1 or PRPH2. We therefore performed a mutational screen in a cohort of 106 BEST1/PRPH2-negative VMD patients in two genes encoding secreted interphotoreceptor matrix proteoglycans-1 and -2 (IMPG1 and IMPG2). We identified two novel mutations in IMPG1 in two simplex VMD cases with disease onset in their early childhood, a heterozygous p.(Leu238Pro) missense mutation and a homozygous c...
June 23, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642996/central-conduction-abnormalities-in-patients-receiving-levodopa-carbidopa-intestinal-gel-infusion
#14
Francesco Bove, Marco Luigetti, Lara Gallicchio, Valentina Recchia, Antonella Petruzzellis, Riccardo Di Iorio, Filippo Tamma, Alfonso Fasano
In recent years, several studies have reported a relatively high frequency of polyneuropathy in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), in particular, in patients receiving levodopa-carbidopa intestinal gel (LCIG) infusion. In spite of the several patients investigated with nerve conduction studies, no study has prospectively explored a possible central nervous system involvement of patients receiving LCIG infusion. We prospectively evaluated eight PD patients receiving LCIG infusion, who underwent neurophysiological evaluations with nerve conduction studies, visual, somatosensory and motor evoked potentials before LCIG infusion, and 1 and 6 months after...
June 22, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640139/a-prisma-compliant-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-relationship-between-thyroid-disease-and-different-levels-of-iodine-intake-in-mainland-china
#15
Wanwen Weng, Mengjie Dong, Jun Zhan, Jun Yang, Bo Zhang, Xingdong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Low-iodine intake has historically been an issue in China, causing widespread iodine deficiency diseases (IDD). China started to introduce universal salt iodization in 1995, but reports of increased thyroid disease are a concern and appropriate levels of iodine intake must be considered. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of thyroid disease with different urinary iodine concentrations (UICs) in the general population of those residing in mainland China...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639234/novel-biomarkers-of-subclinical-cardiac-dysfunction-in-the-general-population
#16
REVIEW
Kamal Shemisa, Anish Bhatt, Daniel Cheeran, Ian J Neeland
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recognition of subclinical myocardial dysfunction offers clinicians and patients an opportunity for early intervention and prevention of symptomatic cardiovascular disease. We review the data on novel biomarkers in subclinical heart disease in the general population with a focus on pathophysiology, recent observational or trial data, and potential applicability and pitfalls for clinical use. RECENT FINDINGS: High-sensitivity cardiac troponin and natriuretic peptide assays are powerful markers of subclinical cardiac disease...
June 21, 2017: Current Heart Failure Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638685/carotid-artery-stiffness-in-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#17
Servet Yolbaş, Nevzat Gözel, Mustafa Necati Dağlı, Süleyman Serdar Koca, Emir Dönder
OBJECTIVE: Increased carotid arterial stiffness (CAS) is a predictor of subclinical early atherosclerosis as well as carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT). We aimed to determine CAS and cIMT in Behçet's disease (BD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: BD (n=49) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) (n=64) patients and healthy controls (HC) (n=40) were included in the study. cIMT was measured. CAS indices, including arterial compliance (AC), arterial distensibility (AD), Young's elastic modulus (YEM), Peterson's elastic modulus (Ep), and β stiffness index (βSI) were measured based on the diameter-pressure relationship...
June 2017: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637532/estimating-the-economic-impact-of-subclinical-ketosis-in-dairy-cattle-using-a-dynamic-stochastic-simulation-model
#18
P F Mostert, E A M Bokkers, C E van Middelaar, H Hogeveen, I J M de Boer
The objective of this study was to estimate the economic impact of subclinical ketosis (SCK) in dairy cows. This metabolic disorder occurs in the period around calving and is associated with an increased risk of other diseases. Therefore, SCK affects farm productivity and profitability. Estimating the economic impact of SCK may make farmers more aware of this problem, and can improve their decision-making regarding interventions to reduce SCK. We developed a dynamic stochastic simulation model that enables estimating the economic impact of SCK and related diseases (i...
June 22, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637462/outbreak-tracking-of-aleutian-mink-disease-virus-amdv-using-partial-ns1-gene-sequencing
#19
P Ryt-Hansen, C K Hjulsager, E E Hagberg, M Chriél, T Struve, A G Pedersen, L E Larsen
BACKGROUND: Aleutian Mink Disease (AMD) is an infectious disease of mink (Neovison vison) and globally a major cause of economic losses in mink farming. The disease is caused by Aleutian Mink Disease Virus (AMDV) that belongs to the genus Amdoparvovirus within the Parvoviridae family. Several strains have been described with varying virulence and the severity of infection also depends on the host's genotype and immune status. Clinical signs include respiratory distress in kits and unthriftiness and low quality of the pelts...
June 21, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637299/serological-investigation-of-mycoplasma-synoviae-infection-in-china-from-2010-to-2015
#20
J Xue, M Y Xu, Z J Ma, J Zhao, N Jin, G Z Zhang
Mycoplasma synoviae can cause worldwide respiratory diseases, synovitis, or subclinical symptoms in poultry. M. synoviae infection occurs throughout the yr and causes significant economic losses, including increased mortality, condemnations, medication, and live production cost. In the present study, the seroprevalence of M. synoviae among 44,395 non-vaccinated chickens from 21 provinces in China from 2010 to 2015 was estimated using ELISA. The overall seroprevalence was 41.19%. Seropositive rates in different yr ranged between 24...
June 15, 2017: Poultry Science
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