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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26601871/pediatric-melanoma-and-atypical-melanocytic-neoplasms
#1
REVIEW
Radhika Sreeraman Kumar, Jane L Messina, Damon Reed, Fariba Navid, Vernon K Sondak
Melanoma is uncommon in the pediatric age range, but is increasing in frequency and often presents with atypical features compared to the classic ABCDE criteria common to adult melanoma cases. Moreover, many melanocytic neoplasms in childhood pose diagnostic challenges to the pathologist, and sometimes cannot be unequivocally classified as benign nevi or melanoma. This chapter addresses the evaluation and management of pediatric patients with melanoma and atypical melanocytic neoplasms, including the roles of and unresolved questions surrounding sentinel lymph node biopsy, completion lymphadenectomy, adjuvant therapy, and treatment of advanced disease...
2016: Cancer Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25971367/-burns-and-scalds-in-children
#2
B Landsleitner, J Keil
BACKGROUND: Since pediatric emergencies and burn injuries are rare in prehospital emergency medicine, emergency teams can hardly develop routine in emergency care. OBJECTIVES: How to effectively treat burn injuries and avoid common errors? MATERIALS AND METHODS: A simple and severity-based therapy concept based on the current literature using the example of a case report is presented. RESULTS: About 80% of burns and scalds in children are not severe cases-in these patients an effective analgesia by intranasal administration is important and further invasive treatments are generally not necessary...
June 2015: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25871023/principles-of-primary-survey-and-resuscitation-in-cases-of-pediatric-trauma
#3
Saba Jafarpour, Seyed Javad Nassiri, Ali Bidari, Mojtaba Chardoli, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar
Trauma is a common cause of death and disability in children. Proper approach to pediatric trauma involves adherence to ABCDE sequence in the primary survey and resuscitation in order to promptly recognize and manage life-threatening conditions immediately. This readily reviewed sequence includes A: establishment and maintenance of a patent airway while maintaining cervical spine immobilization; B: evaluation of breathing, ventilation and oxygenation, immediate treatment of tension pneumothorax, open pneumothorax and massive hemothorax; C: evaluation and treatment of circulatory compromise and shock; D: Disability and Neurologic Status, assessment of signs of increased intracranial pressure and impending cerebral herniation; and E: Exposure while preventing hypothermia...
2015: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25530060/principles-of-primary-survey-and-resuscitation-in-cases-of-pediatric-trauma
#4
Saba Jafarpour, Seyed Javad Nassiri, Ali Bidari, Mojtaba Chardoli, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar
Trauma is a common cause of death and disability in children. Proper approach to pediatric trauma involves adherence to ABCDE sequence in the primary survey and resuscitation in order to promptly recognize and manage immediately life threatening conditions. This readily reviewed sequence includes A: establishment and maintenance of a patent airway while maintaining cervical spine immobilization; B: evaluation of breathing, ventilation and oxygenation, immediate treatment of tension pneumothorax, open pneumothorax and massive hemothorax; C: evaluation and treatment of circulatory compromise and shock; D: Disability and Neurologic Status, assessment of signs of increased intracranial pressure and impending cerebral herniation; and E: Exposure while preventing hypothermia...
2014: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25468828/the-association-of-birth-weight-and-infant-growth-with-physical-fitness-at-8-9-years-of-age-the-abcd-study
#5
A W van Deutekom, M J M Chinapaw, T G M Vrijkotte, R J B J Gemke
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight and accelerated infant growth are independently associated with childhood obesity. We hypothesized that birth weight and infant growth are associated with physical fitness in childhood, and thereby could act as a link in the developmental origins of obesity. In addition, we assessed whether these associations were mediated by fat-free mass (FFM), moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) or sedentary behavior (SB). METHODS: We assessed physical fitness in 194 children of Dutch ethnicity aged 8...
April 2015: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25417033/post-cardiac-arrest-syndrome-in-children
#6
Dominique Biarent, Christine Fonteyne, Ariane Willems, Audrey Dupont
Although sustained return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) can be initially established after resuscitation in children, many of the children do not survive to discharge because they developped a post cardiac arrest syndrome. The post-cardiac arrest syndrome includes systemic ischaemia/reperfusion response, post-cardiac arrest brain injury, postcardiac arrest myocardial dysfunction, and persistent precipitating pathology. The main cause of death after ROSC in children is brain injury. Physiopathology and management are reviewed in regards of pediatric specificities...
2013: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25192533/-the-abcd-of-malaria-prevention-in-pediatric-travelers
#7
Griselda Berberian, M Teresa Rosanova, Cecilia Torroija, M Laura Praino
The development and spread of drug resistant malaria parasites, population and travelers movements to malaria zones have led to the resurgence of malaria as a global health problem. Estimates suggest that 660,000 deaths occur annually, mainly in infants, children and pregnant woman. Disease knowledge and protection against mosquito bites are the first line of defense against malaria. Malaria chemoprophylaxis adds to these measures, it must be evaluated based on the individual risk.
October 2014: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24953590/the-abcd-of-pediatric-practice
#8
Sharmila B Mukherjee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2014: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24786371/childhood-melanoma-an-increasingly-important-health-problem-in-the-usa
#9
REVIEW
Austen D Slade, Mary T Austin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To inform pediatricians of the challenges of detection of melanoma in children and adolescents as well as to instruct on proper biopsy technique of suspicious lesions. RECENT FINDINGS: The incidence of melanoma in children and adolescents is on the rise with an average increase of 2% per year. Rates of change are higher in adolescent girls and locations with low UV-B exposure. Standard Amelanotic, Bleeding, Bump, Color uniformity, De novo, any Diameter (ABCD) detection criteria fail to detect most childhood melanomas...
June 2014: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23805965/behavioral-and-developmental-screening-advice-from-abcd-states-experience
#10
Marian F Earls
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2013: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23395590/pediatric-melanoma-results-of-a-large-cohort-study-and-proposal-for-modified-abcd-detection-criteria-for-children
#11
Kelly M Cordoro, Deepti Gupta, Ilona J Frieden, Timothy McCalmont, Mohammed Kashani-Sabet
BACKGROUND: Clinical and histopathologic features of childhood melanoma are poorly characterized. Atypical clinical presentations and ambiguous microscopic findings may contribute to diagnostic delays. OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine whether conventional ABCDE melanoma detection criteria (Asymmetry, Border irregularity, Color variegation, Diameter >6 mm, Evolution [any morphologic or symptomatic change in the lesion]) adequately detects pediatric melanoma and to evaluate clinicopathologic and outcome differences between younger and older children...
June 2013: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23252411/dermoscopy-for-the-pediatric-dermatologist-part-iii-dermoscopy-of-melanocytic-lesions
#12
Elena C Haliasos, Miryam Kerner, Natalia Jaimes, Iris Zalaudek, Josep Malvehy, Rainer Hofmann-Wellenhof, Ralph P Braun, Ashfaq A Marghoob
Melanocytic nevi encompass a variety of lesions, including blue, Spitz, congenital, and acquired nevi. These nevi can occasionally manifest clinical morphologies resembling melanoma, and the presence of such nevi in children can elicit anxiety in patients, parents, and clinicians. Dermoscopy has been shown to increase the diagnostic accuracy for melanoma and to help differentiate melanoma from nevi, ultimately aiding in the decision-making process as to whether to perform a biopsy. Dermoscopy is the perfect instrument to use during the evaluation of pigmented skin lesions in children because it is painless and provides important information for the clinician that can assist in formulating appropriate management decisions...
May 2013: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22406161/-assessment-of-primary-care-paediatricians-performance-in-a-paediatric-trauma-simulation
#13
E Civantos Fuentes, A Rodríguez Núñez, J A Iglesias Vázquez, L Sánchez Santos
INTRODUCTION: Training by means of advanced simulation can improve the paediatrician's abilities in the management of paediatric trauma patients, as well as decreasing errors and increasing patient safety. The initial management is an essential factor in the outcome of an injured child. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A trauma patient scenario was included in a national simulation training program. The performances of 156 paediatric primary care providers, divided into 39 teams, who participated in the courses carried out from May 2008 until February 2010 were retrospectively analysed...
September 2012: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20479298/morphologic-features-and-natural-history-of-scalp-nevi-in-children
#14
Monique Gupta, David R Berk, Cheryl Gray, Lynn A Cornelius, Susan J Bayliss
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the clinical changes in clinically distinctive scalp nevi over time in children to help guide management and avoid misdiagnosis as melanoma. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Washington University School of Medicine pediatric dermatology clinics. Patients Of 93 patients younger than 18 years with photographically documented, clinically distinctive scalp nevi, 28 (30%) consented to participate. Minimum follow-up from the initial visit was 1 year...
May 2010: Archives of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19564258/preventive-dental-care-for-young-medicaid-insured-children-in-washington-state
#15
Charlotte Lewis, Elizabeth Teeple, Andrea Robertson, Alexis Williams
BACKGROUND: Children from low-income families face barriers to preventive dental care (PDC) and are disproportionately affected by dental caries. The Access to the Baby and Childhood Dentistry (ABCD) program of Washington State is targeted to Medicaid-insured children <6 years of age to improve their access to PDC. OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that residing in an ABCD county improves the likelihood of receiving PDC and, to compare PDC use among young, Medicaid-insured children in Washington to national statistics...
July 2009: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19401981/-initial-assessment-and-management-of-acute-poisonings
#16
Dieter von Ow, Joseph J Osterwalder
In Switzerland about 250 severe or fatal cases of poisoning occur annually in adults, and approximately 25 cases of pediatric poisoning (calls to the Swiss Toxicological Information Centre). Patients with life-threatening symptoms need immediate intensive care according to their symptoms, regardless whether the responsible cause is known or not. In these cases the emergency ABCDE (Airway, Breathing, Circulation, Disabilities, Exposure) is used. The investigation of the cause of poisoning (identification of the responsible agents) and additional tests including ECG, lab analyses, and x-rays are performed at the same time...
May 2009: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18956178/a-practical-approach-to-paediatric-emergencies-in-the-radiology-department
#17
REVIEW
Nigel McBeth Turner
Acute life-threatening events involving children in the radiology department are rare. Nonetheless, radiologists should be competent in the relatively simple procedures required to maintain or restore vital functions in paediatric patients, particularly if their practice involves seriously ill or sedated children. This article gives a practical overview of the immediate management of paediatric emergencies that the radiologist is likely to encounter, using a structured (ABCD) approach. Emphasis is given to the early recognition of respiratory embarrassment and shock, and early intervention to prevent deterioration towards circulatory arrest...
May 2009: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18702611/tent-photoscreening-and-patched-hotv-visual-acuity-by-school-nurses-validation-of-the-asd-abcd-protocol-anchorage-school-district-alaska-blind-child-discovery-program
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Robert W Arnold, Lee Stark, Rachel Leman, Koni K Arnold, M Diane Armitage
BACKGROUND: Novel objective tests of risk factors for amblyopia offer an alternative for preschool vision screening. We compared the merits of photoscreening versus portable patched acuity testing in elementary schools. Photoscreening may outperform routine acuity testing in pediatric offices; however, both have fairly good validity when performed by specialists in preschool vision screening. METHODS: School nurses performed patched HOTV surround acuity testing and two types of photoscreening (MTI and Gateway DV-S20) in a portable tent near each classroom...
2008: Binocular Vision & Strabismus Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18041515/ethics-and-leadership-in-children-s-oral-health
#19
REVIEW
Wendy E Mouradian
This paper reviews key ethical precepts in health care for children, and explores how interpretations of justice predict different and sometimes conflicting approaches to children's dental needs. Ethics is a core competency for health professionals because of their special responsibilities toward patients and the public. Ethical principles guiding health professionals include: (1) beneficence; (2) nonmaleficence; (3) respect for autonomy; and (4) justice. Different theories of justice lead to different responses toward public needs, such as access to dental care...
January 2007: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17983349/predictive-value-of-inexpensive-digital-eye-and-vision-photoscreening-ppv-of-abcd
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Robert W Arnold, Michelle Clausen, Holly Ryan, Rachel E Leman, Diane Armitage
PURPOSE: Some consumer digital cameras have short flash to lens distances (dimensions) ideal for photoscreening so we adopted them into an ongoing Alaska state wide vision screening program, the Alaska Blind Child Discovery (ABCD) Project. METHODS: Digital cameras with short flash-lens distance were employed by lay screeners trained by a DVD movie. Confirmatory eye examinations by AAPOS (American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus) criteria were sought from eye doctors...
2007: Binocular Vision & Strabismus Quarterly
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