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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467954/efficacy-and-safety-of-thrombopoietin-receptor-agonists-in-children-with-chronic-immune-thrombocytopenia-a-meta-analysis
#1
Jian-Chun Guo, Yi Zheng, Hai-Tao Chen, Haixia Zhou, Xian-Hui Huang, Li-Ping Zhong, Huai-Bin Zhou, Yu Huang, Dan-Li Xie, Yong-Liang Lou
Background and Aim: Thrombopoietin receptor agonists (TPO-RAs) have been shown to be safe and effective for adults with chronic immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). The aim of this meta-analysis is to assess the efficacy and safety of thrombopoietin receptor agonists for children with chronic ITP. Materials and Methods: Clinical randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the efficacy and safety of TPO-RAs in pediatric ITP patients published up to June 2017 were retrieved from PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Embase databases...
January 23, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440906/percutaneous-autologous-bone-marrow-transplantation-for-the-treatment-of-delayed-union-of-limb-bone-in-children
#2
Jun Wu, Hongxi Guo, Xing Liu, Ming Li, Yujiang Cao, Xiangyang Qu, Hai Zhou, Liuqi Weng
Background and purpose: Percutaneous autologous bone marrow transplantation (PABMT) is a minimally invasive therapeutic strategy for the treatment of delayed bone union in adults, which has been confirmed by many studies. However, there is no report on PABMT application in pediatric orthopedic surgery. The aim of this article was to analyze the therapeutic effect of PABMT in children with delayed union of limb bone and its influence in relation to delayed bone union therapy, transplantation period, patients' sex, fracture location, and fracture fixation...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421863/retraction-notice-to-protection-of-rats-spinal-cord-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-by-inhibition-of-mir-497-on-inflammation-and-apoptosis-possible-role-in-pediatrics-biomed-pharmacother-81-2016-337-344
#3
Meng Xu, Hai-Feng Wang, Ying-Ying Zhang, Hui-Wen Zhuang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376252/-research-progress-on-chemical-constituents-pharmacological-mechanism-and-clinical-application-of-guizhi-decoction
#4
Hai-Jian Yuan, Wei Li, Jian-Ming Jin, Jing-Jing Chen, Jun Jiang, Hui Wang, Xiao-Bin Jia, Liang Feng
Guizhi Decoction was one of the most commonly used traditional Chinese Medicine which possesses the effects of "jie-ji-fa-biao, regulating Ying and Wei". It was mainly used to treat mind-cold due to exogenous evils such as fever, headache, sweating, hate the wind, et al. Modern studies indicated that the chemical constituents of Guizhi decoction mainly include phenylpropanoid, monoterpenes, organic acids, flavonoids, triterpenoid saponins and so on. Pharmacological experimental studies had shown that Guizhi decoction could play a big role in dual-directional regulation on sweat gland, body temperature, immune function, gastrointestinal peristalsis, and blood pressure, and could also play the role of anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiviral, anti-allergic, analgesic, hypoglycemic, and cardiovascular protection...
December 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329922/a-multistate-investigation-of-health-care-associated-burkholderia-cepacia-complex-infections-related-to-liquid-docusate-sodium-contamination-january-october-2016
#5
Janet Glowicz, Matthew Crist, Carolyn Gould, Heather Moulton-Meissner, Judith Noble-Wang, Tom J B de Man, K Allison Perry, Zachary Miller, William C Yang, Stephen Langille, Jessica Ross, Bobbiejean Garcia, Janice Kim, Erin Epson, Stephanie Black, Massimo Pacilli, John J LiPuma, Ryan Fagan
BACKGROUND: Outbreaks of health care-associated infections (HAIs) caused by Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) have been associated with medical devices and water-based products. Water is the most common raw ingredient in nonsterile liquid drugs, and the significance of organisms recovered from microbiologic testing during manufacturing is assessed using a risk-based approach. This incident demonstrates that lapses in manufacturing practices and quality control of nonsterile liquid drugs can have serious unintended consequences...
January 9, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285106/pediatric-chiari-malformation-type-i-long-term-outcomes-following-small-bone-window-posterior-fossa-decompression-with-autologous-fascia-duraplasty
#6
Hai Liu, Chenlong Yang, Jun Yang, Yulun Xu
Chiari malformation type I (CM-I) is a common hindbrain disorder that is associated with deformity and elongation of the cerebellar tonsils. Although CM-I occurs in both pediatric and adult patients, its prevalence, clinical features and management in the pediatric population are not well defined. The current study evaluated a consecutive case series of 92 children (38 females and 54 males) who were diagnosed with congenital CM-I. All patients underwent small-bone-window posterior fossa decompression with autologous-fascia duraplasty...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280785/the-epidemiology-of-health-care-associated-infections-in-pediatric-cardiac-intensive-care-units
#7
Jeffrey A Alten, Akm Fazlur Rahman, Hayden J Zaccagni, Andrew Shin, David S Cooper, Joshua J Blinder, Lauren Retzloff, Inmaculada B Aban, Eric M Graham, Jeffrey Zampi, Yuliya Domnina, Michael G Gaies
BACKGROUND: Health-care associated infections (HAI) represent serious complications for patients within pediatric cardiac intensive care units (CICU). HAI are associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and resource utilization. There are few studies describing the epidemiology of HAI across the entire spectrum of patients (surgical and non-surgical) receiving care in dedicated pediatric CICUs. METHODS: Retrospective analyses of 22,839 CICU encounters from 10/2013-9/2016 across 22 North American CICUs contributing data to the Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care Consortium clinical registry...
December 26, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249216/pathogen-distribution-and-antimicrobial-resistance-among-pediatric-healthcare-associated-infections-reported-to-the-national-healthcare-safety-network-2011-2014
#8
Jason G Lake, Lindsey M Weiner, Aaron M Milstone, Lisa Saiman, Shelley S Magill, Isaac See
OBJECTIVE To describe pathogen distribution and antimicrobial resistance patterns for healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) reported to the National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) from pediatric locations during 2011-2014. METHODS Device-associated infection data were analyzed for central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI), catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI), ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), and surgical site infection (SSI). Pooled mean percentage resistance was calculated for a variety of pathogen-antimicrobial resistance pattern combinations and was stratified by location for device-associated infections (neonatal intensive care units [NICUs], pediatric intensive care units [PICUs], pediatric oncology and pediatric wards) and by surgery type for SSIs...
December 18, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166854/a-single-dose-of-dezocine-suppresses-emergence-agitation-in-preschool-children-anesthetized-with-sevoflurane-remifentanil
#9
Li-Jun An, Yang Zhang, Zheng Su, Xian-Long Zhang, Hai-Lin Liu, Zhi-Jie Zhang, Jian-Lin Hu, Shi-Tong Li
BACKGROUND: Emergence agitation (EA) is a common phenomenon in preschool children during emergence from general anesthesia. This study evaluated the safety and efficacy of dezocine for emergence agitation in preschool children anesthetized with sevoflurane-remifentanil. METHODS: A total of 100 preschool children, scheduled for elective laparoscopic repair of an inguinal hernia by high ligation of the hernia sac under sevoflurane-remifentanil anesthesia were randomized into two groups: Group C (n = 50) received Ringer's lactate 10 mL and Group D received Ringer's lactate 10 mL containing dezocine 0...
November 22, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138840/low-dosage-of-arsenic-trioxide-inhibits-vasculogenic-mimicry-in-hepatoblastoma-without-cell-apoptosis
#10
Feng Zhang, Chun-Mei Zhang, Shu Li, Kun-Kun Wang, Bin-Bin Guo, Yao Fu, Lu-Yang Liu, Yu Zhang, Hai-Yu Jiang, Chang-Jun Wu
Hepatoblastoma (HB) is the most common type of pediatric liver malignancy, which predominantly occurs in young children (aged <5 years), and continues to be a therapeutic challenge in terms of metastasis and drug resistance. As a new pattern of tumor blood supply, vasculogenic mimicry (VM) is a channel structure lined by tumor cells rather than endothelial cells, which contribute to angiogenesis. VM occurs in a variety of solid tumor types, including liver cancer, such as hepatocellular carcinoma. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the effect of arsenic trioxide (As2O3) on VM...
November 14, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132805/feasibility-of-the-use-of-transesophageal-echocardiography-as-a-surface-probe-for-puncturing-and-catheterization-of-the-internal-jugular-vein-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#11
Yi Teng, Mengchan Ou, Hai Yu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) probe as a surface probe with the vascular probe for guiding internal jugular vein (IJV) catheterization. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled pilot study. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred cardiac surgery patients, including 50 adult and 50 pediatric patients. INTERVENTIONS: Patients in the TEE probe group received right IJV catheterization using the TEE probe, while the vascular probe group used the vascular probe for catheterization...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072006/-rule-of-clinical-application-of-auricular-acupuncture-based-on-data-mining
#12
Na Bao, Qiong Wang, Yan-Hui Sun, Jing Shi, Xiao-Feng Li, Jing Xu, Hai-Jiao Xing, Xuan-Ping Zhang, Xin Zhang, Yu-Zhu Du, Jun-Lei Li, Qing-Qing Yang, Xin-Xin Feng, Chun-Sheng Jia, Jian-Ling Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the rule of clinical application of auricular acupuncture therapy by data mining in order to guide clinical practice. METHODS: The data base about single auricular acupuncture therapy for different clinical diseases was established by collection, sorting, screening, recording, collation, data extraction, statistic analysis on data samples from journals, academic theses dissertations published in near 60 years. The application rules of auricular therapy including its predominant diseases, stimulus modality, therapeutic effect, and angle of needling were summarized by data mining technique...
February 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070109/-correlation-of-socs3-mrna-expression-level-with-clinical-characteristics-and-early-response-to-treatment-in-pediatric-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#13
Zheng-Yu Wu, Ning-Ling Wang, Kang-Kang Liu, Jin-Hua Chu, Yan Wang, Lin-Hai Yang, Zhi-Wei Xie
Obejective: To investigate the expression level of suppressor of cytokine signaling SOCS3 mRNA in children's acute lymphoblastic leukemia(ALL); to analyze the relationship between the expresion level of SOCS3 mRNA and disease status and risks of ALL, and to explore the application of SOCS3 mRNA in evaluation of ALL disease status, risk and target therapy. METHODS: The expression levels of SOCS3 mRNA in bone marrow mononuclear cells from 45 cases of newly diagnosed ALL at initial diganosis and induction remission and 13 normal children as controls were detected by SYBR Green fluorescence quantitative PCR; the correlation of SOCS3 mRNA expression level with risk and clinical characteristics of ALL was analyzed by means of statistical method; the immunofluorescence histochemistry method and laser confocal microscopy were used to detect the sites and expression level of SOCS3 mRNA in bone marrow samples of ALL patients...
October 2017: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032585/infection-surveillance-in-pediatric-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-recipients
#14
Daniela Caldas Teixeira, Lilian Martins Oliveira Diniz, Paulo Henrique Orlandi Mourão, Fabiana Maria Kakehashi, Antonio Vaz de Macedo, Helena Duani, Wanessa Trindade Clemente, Karla Emília de Sá Rodrigues, Roberta Maia de Castro Romanelli
OBJECTIVE: Describe the profile of reported Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs) in pediatric patients submitted to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) at a reference center. METHODS: Retrospective cohort of pediatric patients who were submitted to HSCT from 2008 to 2016. The criteria for HAI were based on those established by the National Healthcare Safety Network. Data were collected by active surveillance performed daily by professionals. This study was approved by the Institutional Research Ethics Committee...
October 15, 2017: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990830/value-of-pulse-oximetry-watch-for-diagnosing-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#15
Jing-Ru Ma, Jing-Jing Huang, Qi Chen, Hai-Tao Wu, Kuan-Lin Xiao, Yu-Tian Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical value of pulse oximetry watch (POW) for diagnosing pediatric Obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). METHODS: We selected 32 children (boys: 25, 4-16 years old) who came to the hospital for diagnosing OSAHS from July to October 2016. Polysomnography (PSG) and POW were used simultaneously and recorded the apnea hypopnea index (AHI), LSpO2, and ODI4. Pearson analysis, t test, and receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) were used to analyze the correlation between PSG-AHI and other indicators, the diagnosis accordance rate, and the sensitivity and specificity of POW, respectively...
October 9, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797539/risk-factors-for-poor-prognosis-in-children-with-refractory-purulent-meningitis-and-the-discharge-criteria
#16
Hai-Lun Peng, Yue Hu, Hong-Jia Chen, Pan-Pan Song, Li Jiang
This study was undertaken to investigate the relationship between cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities and prognosis in pediatric refractory purulent meningitis. Ninety cases of pediatric refractory purulent meningitis were stratified into "good" (n=33) or "poor" (n=57) prognosis groups according to the Glasgow clinical outcome scores. The symptoms, laboratory results, and prognosis were compared by using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Univariate analysis showed that poor prognosis was associated with: unequal pupil size in both eyes; positive Babinski sign; CSF-WBC >500×10(6)/L, CSF protein concentration >1...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774865/shifts-in-antimicrobial-consumption-and-infection-rates-before-and-during-a-piperacillin-tazobactam-shortage
#17
S Travis King, Katie E Barber, Jason J Parham, Kayla R Stover
OBJECTIVES: Anti-infective shortages represent a growing threat to optimum management of infected patients and alter the institutional selective pressure against hospital-acquired infections (HAIs). The objective of this analysis was to assess the impact of a shortage of piperacillin/tazobactam (TZP) on overall antibacterial use and HAI rates at an academic institution. METHODS: Antimicrobial use and infection data were extracted from TheraDoc Clinical Surveillance Software (Premier, Inc...
December 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738938/minimally-invasive-incision-and-drainage-technique-in-the-treatment-of-simple-subcutaneous-abscess-in-adults
#18
Hai V Salfity, Nakul Valsangkar, Melissa Schultz, Joseph Salfity, Katie Jo Stanton-Maxey, Ben Zarzaur, David V Feliciano, Michelle R Laughlin
A minimally invasive (MI) approach using small incisions and vessel loops for drainage of simple perianal abscesses has been described in the pediatric population with decreased postoperative pain and comparable results to the traditional incision and drainage (I&D). The hypothesis was MI I&D will yield similar outcomes in adults. Patients who underwent I&D of perianal abscesses at an urban hospital from January 2008 to December 2015 were identified by Current Procedural Terminology code. Patients below 18 years of age, with inflammatory bowel diseases, or fistulae were excluded...
July 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671616/incidence-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-critically-ill-children-undergoing-mechanical-ventilation-in-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#19
Ali Amanati, Abdollah Karimi, Alireza Fahimzad, Ahmad Reza Shamshiri, Fatemeh Fallah, Alireza Mahdavi, Mahshid Talebian
BACKGROUND: Among hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) in children, ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most common after blood stream infection (BSI). VAP can prolong length of ventilation and hospitalization, increase mortality rate, and directly change a patient's outcome in Pediatric Intensive Care Units (PICU). OBJECTIVES: The research on VAP in children is limited, especially in Iran; therefore, the identification of VAP incidence and mortality rate will be important for both clinical and epidemiological implications...
July 3, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643070/laparoscopic-revision-of-billroth-ii-with-braun-anastomosis-into-roux-en-y-anatomy-in-a-patient-with-intestinal-malrotation
#20
Fabio Garofalo, Omar Abouzahr, Henri Atlas, Ronald Denis, Pierre Garneau, Hai Huynh, Radu Pescarus
INTRODUCTION: Various reconstructions of the gastro-intestinal tract have been described in the past after distal gastrectomy. Among these, a Billroth II (BII) anastomosis can be performed with the addition of the Omega entero-enterostomy that may theoretically reduce the alkaline reflux. Given the significant complications associated with this procedure such as biliary reflux, marginal ulceration, and afferent loop syndrome, a revision into a Roux-en-Y anatomy is generally recommended...
January 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
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