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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915445/granisetron-extended-release-injection-a-review-in-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting
#1
Emma D Deeks
An extended-release (ER) subcutaneously injectable formulation of the first-generation 5-HT3 receptor antagonist granisetron is now available in the USA (Sustol(®)), where it is indicated for the prevention of acute and delayed chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) following moderately emetogenic chemotherapy (MEC) or anthracycline and cyclophosphamide combination chemotherapy regimens in adults. Granisetron ER is administered as a single subcutaneous injection and uses an erosion-controlled drug-delivery system to allow prolonged granisetron release...
December 3, 2016: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894202/rolapitant-for-the-prevention-of-delayed-nausea-and-vomiting-over-initial-and-repeat-courses-of-emetogenic-chemotherapy
#2
Bernardo Rapoport, Ronwyn van Eeden, Teresa Smit
Introduction Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) is a debilitating side effect of many cytotoxic chemotherapy regimens. Although sustained antiemetic control across repeated chemotherapy cycles is important for cancer treatment continuation, few studies have investigated the efficacy of antiemetic prophylaxis over multiple chemotherapy cycles. Areas Covered Here we discuss the use of antiemetic hydroxytryptamine type 3 (5-HT3) receptor and neurokinin (NK)-1 receptor antagonists for prevention of CINV, limiting our review to clinical trials in the context of multiple-cycle chemotherapy, with a focus on the NK-1 receptor antagonist rolapitant...
November 29, 2016: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885469/nepa-a-fixed-oral-combination-of-netupitant-and-palonosetron-improves-control-of-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-cinv-over-multiple-cycles-of-chemotherapy-results-of-a-randomized-double-blind-phase-3-trial-versus-oral-palonosetron
#3
Matti Aapro, Meinolf Karthaus, Lee Schwartzberg, Igor Bondarenko, Tomasz Sarosiek, Cristina Oprean, Servando Cardona-Huerta, Vincent Hansen, Giorgia Rossi, Giada Rizzi, Maria Elisa Borroni, Hope Rugo
PURPOSE: Antiemetic guidelines recommend co-administration of targeted prophylactic medications inhibiting molecular pathways involved in emesis. NEPA is a fixed oral combination of a new NK1 receptor antagonist (RA), netupitant (NETU 300 mg), and palonosetron (PALO 0.50 mg), a pharmacologically distinct 5-HT3 RA. NEPA showed superior prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) compared with oral PALO in a single chemotherapy cycle; maintenance of efficacy/safety over continuing cycles is the objective of this study...
November 24, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873176/palonosetron-aprepitant-and-dexamethasone-for-prevention-of-nausea-and-vomiting-after-high-dose-melphalan-in-autologous-transplantation-for-multiple-myeloma-a-phase-ii-study
#4
Atsushi Isoda, Rie Saito, Fuminori Komatsu, Yuki Negishi, Noriyasu Oosawa, Tetsuya Ishikawa, Yuri Miyazawa, Morio Matsumoto, Morio Sawamura, Akihiro Manaka
Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) is a significant side effect in multiple myeloma (MM) patients receiving high-dose melphalan treatment followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). We evaluated the efficacy and safety of a triple antiemetic combination of palonosetron, aprepitant, and low-dose dexamethasone in 24 MM patients who received melphalan conditioning (100 mg/m(2) on days 1-2) before ASCT (on day 4). Intravenous palonosetron (0.75 mg on day 1), oral aprepitant (125 mg on day 1; 80 mg on days 2-4), and intravenous dexamethasone (6...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796777/impact-of-adherence-to-antiemetic-guidelines-on-the-incidence-of-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-and-quality-of-life
#5
Nibal Abunahlah, Mesut Sancar, Faysal Dane, Mustafa Kerem Özyavuz
Background International guidelines are tools enabling physicians to incorporate the latest evidence based clinical information into practice. Objective This study aimed to evaluate the impact of antiemetic guidelines adherence on the incidence of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) and patient quality of life. Setting Marmara University Pendik Training and Research Hospital chemotherapy unit, Istanbul, Turkey. Method The study included 100 chemotherapy naive patients. Antiemetic prescribing patterns and their consistency with MASCC/ESMO 2014 guidelines were assessed...
December 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795228/neurokinin-1-receptor-antagonist-based-triple-regimens-in-preventing-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-a-network-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Yaxiong Zhang, Yunpeng Yang, Zhonghan Zhang, Wenfeng Fang, Shiyang Kang, Youli Luo, Jin Sheng, Jianhua Zhan, Shaodong Hong, Yan Huang, Ningning Zhou, Hongyun Zhao, Li Zhang
BACKGROUND: Neurokinin-1 receptor antagonists (NK-1RAs) are widely used for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) control in patients with highly emetogenic chemotherapy (HEC) and/or moderately emetogenic chemotherapy (MEC). Whether the efficacy and toxicity of antiemesis are different among various NK-1RA-based triple regimens is unknown. METHODS: Data of complete responses (CRs) in the acute, delayed, and overall phases and treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs) were extracted from electronic databases...
February 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612464/a-prospective-study-of-the-antiemetic-effect-of-palonosetron-in-malignant-lymphoma-patients-treated-with-the-chop-regimen
#7
Yoshiharu Miyata, Kimikazu Yakushijin, Yumiko Inui, Yoshinori Imamura, Hideaki Goto, Yu Mizutani, Keiji Kurata, Seiji Kakiuchi, Yukinari Sanada, Yosuke Minami, Shinichiro Kawamoto, Katsuya Yamamoto, Mitsuhiro Ito, Ryo Tominaga, Hiroshi Gomyo, Ishikazu Mizuno, Tetsuhiko Nomura, Koichi Kitagawa, Takeshi Sugimoto, Tohru Murayama, Hiroshi Matsuoka, Hironobu Minami
To identify strategies for reducing emesis induced by the CHOP regimen, which includes high-dose steroids, we prospectively evaluated the efficacy of palonosetron in Japanese patients. Palonosetron was administered at a dose of 0.75 mg via intravenous injection over 30 min before chemotherapy on day 1. Patients kept diaries of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) incidence from the start of chemotherapy until 168 h afterwards, in which they documented the occurrence and severity of nausea, vomiting, anorexia, and the use of rescue medication...
September 9, 2016: International Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591991/role-of-olanzapine-in-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-on-platinum-based-chemotherapy-patients-a-randomized-controlled-study
#8
Sandip Mukhopadhyay, Gagandeep Kwatra, Pamela Alice K, Dinesh Badyal
PURPOSE: Even with the use of modern antiemetic drugs, chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) is still a cause of great distress to the patients. Olanzapine, primarily marketed as an antipsychotic, was found to reduce nausea and vomiting in some chemotherapy patients. But it was never tested in Indian population with a diverse genetic background. The present study aims to evaluate the role of olanzapine in CINV in patients receiving platinum-based chemotherapy. METHODS: The study was a randomized, controlled, assessor-blinded study on 100 chemotherapy-naïve consenting patients receiving any one from cisplatin, carboplatin or oxaliplatin...
January 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545191/efficacy-and-safety-of-triple-therapy-with-aprepitant-ondansetron-and-prednisone-for-preventing-nausea-and-vomiting-induced-by-r-ceop-or-ceop-chemotherapy-regimen-for-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-a-phase-2-open-label-randomized-comparative-trial
#9
Zheng Song, Huaqing Wang, Huilai Zhang, Kuo Zhao, Man Zhang, Fang Yang
We performed a prospective study to investigate the efficacy and safety of triple therapy with aprepitant, ondansetron, and prednisone in non-Hodgkin lymphoma patients receiving R-CEOP or CEOP chemotherapy regimen. All patients were randomly assigned to either an aprepitant regimen (aprepitant plus ondansetron and prednisone), or a control regimen (ondansetron and prednisone) treatment group. For the complete response, the aprepitant group was statistically superior to the control group in the overall study period (76...
August 22, 2016: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539626/recent-advances-in-preventing-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting
#10
REVIEW
Syed Sameer Nasir, Lee S Schwartzberg
Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) remains an important adverse effect of cancer therapy. The goal of CINV prophylaxis is to reduce the morbidity associated with nausea and vomiting, as well as to preserve quality of life, while maintaining the desired chemotherapy regimen. The US Food and Drug Administration has recently approved new therapies for prevention of CINV, including the neurokinin-1 (NK1) receptor antagonist rolapitant and the fixed-dose combination of the second-generation 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3 receptor antagonist palonosetron with the novel NK1 receptor antagonist netupitant...
August 2016: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27526189/comparative-effectiveness-of-ramosetron-for-preventing-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Hyun Jin Song, Hyun-Ju Seo, Heejeong Son
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of ramosetron for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) through a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: An electronic search of CENTRAL, Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid EMBASE, KoreaMed, KISS, KMbase, and DBpia was performed. Published RCTs comparing ramosetron treatment and other 5-HT3RAs to prevent CINV were included, and studies reporting at least one clinical outcome about efficacy were included...
November 2016: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27407130/cannabinoids-for-symptom-management-and-cancer-therapy-the-evidence
#12
REVIEW
Mellar P Davis
Cannabinoids bind not only to classical receptors (CB1 and CB2) but also to certain orphan receptors (GPR55 and GPR119), ion channels (transient receptor potential vanilloid), and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors. Cannabinoids are known to modulate a multitude of monoamine receptors. Structurally, there are 3 groups of cannabinoids. Multiple studies, most of which are of moderate to low quality, demonstrate that tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and oromucosal cannabinoid combinations of THC and cannabidiol (CBD) modestly reduce cancer pain...
July 2016: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382332/fosaprepitant-dimeglumine-for-the-management-of-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-patient-selection-and-perspectives
#13
REVIEW
Nellowe Candelario, Marvin Louis Roy Lu
Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) is a debilitating side effect of antineoplastic agents. Several treatment regimens are used to address this problem. Fosaprepitant is a neurokinin-1 receptor blocker used in the prevention and treatment of CINV, especially for moderately and severely emetogenic chemotherapy. It is highly effective in the treatment of delayed CINV. Data from previous studies show that fosaprepitant is noninferior to aprepitant in the management of CINV. Fosaprepitant is given as a single-dose intravenous infusion, thus offering better patient compliance...
2016: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27354807/management-of-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-by-risk-profile-role-of-netupitant-palonosetron
#14
REVIEW
Vito Lorusso
As recommended by most recent antiemetic guidelines, the optimal prophylaxis of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) requires the combination of 5-HT3 receptor antagonist (RA) with an NK1-RA. Moreover, the major predictors of acute and delayed CINV include: young age, female sex, platinum- or anthracycline-based chemotherapy, nondrinker status, emesis in the earlier cycles of chemotherapy, and previous history of motion/morning sickness. Despite improved knowledge of the pathophysiology of CINV and advances in the availability of active antiemetics, an inconsistent compliance with their use has been reported, thereby resulting in suboptimal control of CINV in several cases...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27221836/efficacy-and-safety-of-neurokinin-1-receptor-antagonists-for-prevention-of-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
Dong-Mei Yuan, Qian Li, Qin Zhang, Xin-Wu Xiao, Yan-Wen Yao, Yan Zhang, Yan-Ling Lv, Hong-Bin Liu, Tang-Feng Lv, Yong Song
OBJECTIVES: Can addition of neurokinin-1 receptor antagonists (NK1-RAs) be considered as an ideal strategy for the prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV)? Researchers differ on this question. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for randomized control trials (RCTs) that evaluated the effectiveness and safety of NK1-RAs in preventing CINV. The primary end point was complete response (CR) in the acute, delayed, and overall phases after chemotherapy...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27199514/patterns-of-antiemetic-prophylaxis-for-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-in-china
#16
Xianglong Zong, Jie Zhang, Xin Ji, Jie Gao, Jiafu Ji
BACKGROUND: Few studies have attempted to evaluate the use of antiemetic therapy for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) at a national level in China or to assess how treatment regimens adhere to current guidelines. METHODS: We searched the China Health Insurance Research Association (CHIRA) Database to identify patients with cancer who were ≥18 years old and received either moderately or highly emetogenic chemotherapy (MEC and HEC, respectively) between 2008 and 2012...
April 2016: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27194913/management-of-acute-and-delayed-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-role-of-netupitant-palonosetron-combination
#17
REVIEW
Piotr K Janicki
PURPOSE: The purpose of this review is to summarize and discuss the recently published data (both original studies and reviews) on the oral medication NEPA, consisting of netupitant (a neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist [NK1RA], 300 mg dose) and palonosetron (5-hydroxytryptamine [serotonin or 5HT] type 3 receptor antagonist [5HT3RA], 0.5 mg dose), in the prevention of the acute and delayed nausea and vomiting in patients receiving highly or moderately emetogenic chemotherapy. METHODS: This review was based on the very limited number of available published trials consisting of two Phase III studies and one Phase II dose-selecting trial...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27186139/biochronomer%C3%A2-technology-and-the-development-of-apf530-a-sustained-release-formulation-of-granisetron
#18
Thomas Ottoboni, Mark S Gelder, Erin O'Boyle
Granisetron and other 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3 (5-HT3) receptor antagonists are first-line agents for preventing chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV). Current treatment guidelines prefer the longer-acting agent, palonosetron, for CINV prevention in some chemotherapy regimens. A new granisetron formulation, APF530, has been developed as an alternative long-acting agent. APF530 utilizes Biochronomer(™) technology to formulate a viscous tri(ethylene glycol) poly(orthoester)-based formulation that delivers - by single subcutaneous (SC) injection - therapeutic granisetron concentrations over 5 days...
2014: Journal of Experimental Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27178880/-region-wide-professional-practice-evaluation-with-regards-to-antiemetic-prescription-into-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting
#19
Jérôme Tavernier, Mireille Jouannet-Romaszko, Helena Bertucat, Nathalie Marchiset, Mohum Bahadoor, Régine Chevrier
The anticancer drug technical commission (COTECH) of the Auvergne OMEDIT has set up a region-wide professional practice evaluation (PPE) with regards to antiemetic prescription practices in chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV), in order to evaluate their compliance with OMEDIT's guidelines. Are not included pediatric and hematologic protocols. A prospective survey was carried from November 2013 to January 2014 out in 14 medical centers in Auvergne. This clinical audit was based on the HAS (national healthcare authority) framework and used as a reference regional standards based on the MASCC Antiemetic Guidelines...
July 2016: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27176138/efficacy-of-the-neurokinin-1-receptor-antagonist-rolapitant-in-preventing-nausea-and-vomiting-in-patients-receiving-carboplatin-based-chemotherapy
#20
Paul J Hesketh, Ian D Schnadig, Lee S Schwartzberg, Manuel R Modiano, Karin Jordan, Sujata Arora, Dan Powers, Matti Aapro
BACKGROUND: Rolapitant, a novel neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist, provided effective protection against chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) in a randomized, double-blind phase 3 trial of patients receiving moderately emetogenic chemotherapy or an anthracycline and cyclophosphamide regimen. The current analysis explored the efficacy and safety of rolapitant in preventing CINV in a subgroup of patients receiving carboplatin. METHODS: Patients were randomized 1:1 to receive oral rolapitant (180 mg) or a placebo 1 to 2 hours before chemotherapy administration; all patients received oral granisetron (2 mg) on days 1 to 3 and oral dexamethasone (20 mg) on day 1...
August 1, 2016: Cancer
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