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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650459/examining-the-feasibility-of-healthy-minimum-stocking-standards-for-small-food-stores
#1
Allison Karpyn, Robin S DeWeese, Jennifer E Pelletier, Melissa N Laska, Punam Ohri-Vachaspati, Amy Deahl-Greenlaw, Ogheneruona Ughwanogho, Stephanie Bell Jilcott Pitts
OBJECTIVE: In response to recent national efforts to increase the availability of healthy food in small stores, we sought to understand the extent to which small food stores could implement the newly published Healthy Small Store Minimum Stocking Recommendations and reflect on the new US Department of Agriculture Food and Nutrition Service's final rule for stocking of staple foods for Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-approved retailers. DESIGN: We collected qualitative and quantitative data from 57 small stores in four states (Arizona, Delaware, Minnesota, and North Carolina) that accepted Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program but not Special Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program for Women, Infants, and Children benefits...
April 9, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607496/enteral-nutritional-therapy-for-induction-of-remission-in-crohn-s-disease
#2
REVIEW
Neeraj Narula, Amit Dhillon, Dongni Zhang, Mary E Sherlock, Melody Tondeur, Mary Zachos
BACKGROUND: Corticosteroids are often preferred over enteral nutrition (EN) as induction therapy for Crohn's disease (CD). Prior meta-analyses suggest that corticosteroids are superior to EN for induction of remission in CD. Treatment failures in EN trials are often due to poor compliance, with dropouts frequently due to poor acceptance of a nasogastric tube and unpalatable formulations. This systematic review is an update of a previously published Cochrane review. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of exclusive EN as primary therapy to induce remission in CD and to examine the importance of formula composition on effectiveness...
April 1, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604537/chronic-exposure-to-low-environmental-concentrations-and-legal-aquaculture-doses-of-antibiotics-cause-systemic-adverse-effects-in-nile-tilapia-and-provoke-differential-human-health-risk
#3
Samwel M Limbu, Li Zhou, Sheng-Xiang Sun, Mei-Ling Zhang, Zhen-Yu Du
BACKGROUND: Antibiotics used globally to treat human and animal diseases exist ubiquitously in the environment at low doses because of misuse, overdose and poor absorption after ingestion, coupled with their high-water solubility and degradation resistance. However, the systemic chronic effects of exposure to low environmental concentrations of antibiotics (LECAs) and legal aquaculture doses of antibiotics (LADAs) in fish and their human health risk are currently unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the in vivo chronic effects of exposure to LECAs and LADAs using oxytetracycline (OTC) and sulfamethoxazole (SMZ) in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and their human health risk...
March 27, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596440/effectiveness-of-school-food-environment-policies-on-children-s-dietary-behaviors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Renata Micha, Dimitra Karageorgou, Ioanna Bakogianni, Eirini Trichia, Laurie P Whitsel, Mary Story, Jose L Peñalvo, Dariush Mozaffarian
BACKGROUND: School food environment policies may be a critical tool to promote healthy diets in children, yet their effectiveness remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review and quantify the impact of school food environment policies on dietary habits, adiposity, and metabolic risk in children. METHODS: We systematically searched online databases for randomized or quasi-experimental interventions assessing effects of school food environment policies on children's dietary habits, adiposity, or metabolic risk factors...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569350/waist-to-height-ratio-remains-an-accurate-and-practical-way-of-identifying-cardiometabolic-risks-in-children-and-adolescents
#5
Yuan Jiang, Ya-Lan Dou, Feng Xiong, Lan Zhang, Gao-Hui Zhu, Ting Wu, Yi Zhang, Wei-Li Yan
AIM: We evaluated how effectively the waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) identified cardiometabolic risk (CMR) in children and adolescents, compared with the tri-ponderal mass index, percentage of body fat and other obesity indexes. METHODS: Eligible subjects were recruited from three metropolitan regions of China from May 2013 to June 2014. Subjects with at least three of the following abnormalities - hypertension, dyslipidaemia, elevated fasting blood glucose and central obesity - were defined as CMR1 and children with at least two were defined as CMR2...
March 22, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559234/body-composition-dietary-intake-and-physical-activity-of-young-survivors-of-childhood-cancer
#6
Alexia J Murphy-Alford, Melinda White, Liane Lockwood, Andrew Hallahan, Peter S W Davies
AIM: To describe the body composition, dietary intake and physical activity and of paediatric, adolescent and young adult childhood cancer survivors (CCS) and examine the factors that impact body composition after treatment. METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study involved 74 subjects who were at least three years post treatment. Measurements included anthropometry, whole body potassium counting, air displacement plethysmography, and three day physical activity and diet diaries...
March 7, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553045/prospective-follow-up-of-children-with-idiopathic-growth-hormone-deficiency-after-termination-of-gh-treatment-is-there-really-need-for-treatment-at-transition-to-adulthood
#7
Emine Çamtosun, Zeynep Şıklar, Merih Berberoğlu
OBJECTIVES: Continuation of GH treatment in adolescents with severe childhood onset Idiopathic Growth Hormone Deficiency (IGHD) during the transition period, irrespective of achievement of final height is still debatable.We aimed to investigate the metabolic profile, BMD and body composition of the patients with isolated childhood onset GHD in whom GH treatments were terminated after they reached their final height, prospectively six months after the cessation of therapy. METHODS: Twelve patients, 6 of which with peak GH <5 ng/mL (Permanent GHD, Group 1), and 6 of which with peak GH >5 ng/mL (Transient GHD, Group 2) after insulin stimulation test were evaluated for anthropometric and laboratory parameters including fasting blood glucose (FBG), fasting insulin (FI), lipid profile, BMD, body composition measurements, and 24 hours ambulatory blood pressure monitoring before (baseline) and at six months after discontinuation of GH...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549246/an-audit-of-the-dietary-intake-of-australian-children-with-type-1-diabetes
#8
Heather R Gilbertson, Kristen Reed, Sarah Clark, Kate L Francis, Fergus J Cameron
To understand what children with type 1 diabetes in a representative tertiary hospital clinic are eating compared to their peers and explore dietary intake impact on HbA1c outcome. An open cross-sectional dietary audit of children and adolescents with diabetes aged 2-17 years attending the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne was conducted using an age-appropriate validated Food Frequency Questionnaire. Total energy, macronutrient intake and diet quality were calculated and compared to dietary advice provided and national intake data...
March 9, 2018: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518765/from-treating-childhood-malnutrition-to-public-health-nutrition
#9
W Philip T James
BACKGROUND: This analysis sets out an overview of an IUNS presentation of a European clinician's assessment of the challenges of coping with immediate critical clinical problems and how to use metabolic and a mechanistic understanding of disease when developing nutritional policies. SUMMARY: Critically ill malnourished children prove very sensitive to both mineral and general nutritional overload, but after careful metabolic control they can cope with a high-quality, energy-rich diet provided their initial lactase deficiency and intestinal atrophy are taken into account...
March 8, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518206/the-science-of-obesity-management-an-endocrine-society-scientific-statement
#10
George A Bray, William E Heisel, Ashkan Afshin, Michael D Jensen, William H Dietz, Michael Long, Robert F Kushner, Stephen R Daniels, Thomas A Wadden, Adam G Tsai, Frank B Hu, John M Jakicic, Donna H Ryan, Bruce M Wolfe, Thomas H Inge
The prevalence of obesity, measured by body mass index, has risen to unacceptable levels in both men and women in the United States and worldwide with resultant hazardous health implications. Genetic, environmental, and behavioral factors influence the development of obesity, and both the general public and health professionals stigmatize those who suffer from the disease. Obesity is associated with and contributes to a shortened life span, type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, some cancers, kidney disease, obstructive sleep apnea, gout, osteoarthritis, and hepatobiliary disease, among others...
March 6, 2018: Endocrine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516391/evaluating-the-predictive-factors-of-resting-energy-expenditure-and-validating-predictive-equations-for-chinese-obese-children
#11
Lin Zhang, Ran Chen, Rong Li, Meng-Ying Chen, Rong Huang, Xiao-Nan Li
BACKGROUND: To study the predictive factors of resting energy expenditure (REE) and evaluate the accuracy of predicted equations with indirect calorimeter (IC) in Chinese school-age children, particularly for the obese population. METHODS: Recruited children were from the department of child healthcare in Nanjing children's hospital during July 2014-September 2015. Anthropometric parameters and body composition were measured by bioelectrical impedance. Measured REE was assessed by IC...
March 7, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499034/food-addiction-in-latin-america
#12
Joel Figueroa-Quiñones, Julio Cjuno
Food addiction is a disorder characterized by an uncontrollable desire to eat foods high in fats and sugars. These foods activate the brain reward system in a similar way to drugs generating the release of neurotransmitters such as dopamine and oxytocin which trigger a need to repeat the behavior. In developed countries in Europe, Asia, and North America, there are reports of food addiction in children, adolescents, university students, sexual minorities, women and the adult population that suffer from obesity or overweight...
February 27, 2018: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490638/dietary-patterns-are-influenced-by-socio-demographic-conditions-of-women-in-childbearing-age-a-cohort-study-of-pregnant-women
#13
Juliana Araujo Teixeira, Teresa Gontijo Castro, Cameron C Grant, Clare R Wall, Ana Lúcia da Silva Castro, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira Francisco, Sandra Elisabete Vieira, Silvia Regina Dias Medici Saldiva, Dirce Maria Marchioni
BACKGROUND: Women's health during their reproductive years and whilst pregnant has implications for their children's health, both in utero and during childhood. Associations of women's pre-pregnancy dietary patterns (DP) with maternal socio-demographic characteristics and nutrient intake were investigated in ProcriAr cohort study in São Paulo/Brazil, 2012. METHODS: The DPs of 454 women were investigated by principal component factor analysis, using dietary information from a validated 110-item food frequency questionnaire...
March 1, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478954/predictors-of-nutrition-quality-in-early-child-education-settings-in-connecticut
#14
Tatiana Andreyeva, Erica L Kenney, Meghan O'Connell, Xiaohan Sun, Kathryn E Henderson
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the dietary quality of lunches and feeding practices (family-style service, teacher role modeling) in Connecticut child care centers and made comparisons by center participation in the federal Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP). DESIGN: Plate waste methods and visual observation of lunches served and consumed. SETTING: A total of 97 randomly selected licensed Connecticut child care centers (53 CACFP and 44 non-CACFP)...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472121/the-relationship-between-energy-intake-and-body-growth-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#15
J W Woestenenk, G W Dalmeijer, C K van der Ent, R H Houwen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Body-growth, expressed as weight- and height gain, is a strong predictor of morbidity and mortality in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Whether current historically based recommendations on a high-energy diet are sufficient for optimal growth is questionable. We therefore assessed the longitudinal relation between body-growth and routine energy intake in paediatric CF patients. METHODS: Included were patients with CF, aged 2-10 years of whom we obtained 969 measurements of weight and height along with dietary records, and 786 coefficient of fat absorption measurements (CFA)...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457996/the-tyg-index-cutoff-point-and-its-association-with-body-adiposity-and-lifestyle-in-children
#16
Sarah A Vieira Ribeiro, Poliana C A Fonseca, Cristiana S Andreoli, Andréia Q Ribeiro, Helen H M Hermsdorff, Patrícia F Pereira, Silvia E Priore, Sylvia C C Franceschini
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factors associated with insulin resistance in children aged 4-7 years, and to identify the cutoff point of the triglyceride-glucose index for the prediction of IR in this population. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 403 children from a retrospective cohort. Insulin resistance was also evaluated in a sub-sample using the HOMA index. Four indicators of body adiposity were assessed: body mass index, waist-to-height ratio, and the percentages of total and central body fat...
February 16, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455757/federal-nutrition-program-revisions-impact-low-income-households-food-purchases
#17
Shu Wen Ng, Bridget A Hollingsworth, Emily A Busey, Julie L Wandell, Donna R Miles, Jennifer M Poti
INTRODUCTION: The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) required major revisions to food packages in 2009; effects on nationwide low-income household purchases remain unexamined. METHODS: This study examines associations between WIC revisions and nutritional profiles of packaged food purchases from 2008 to 2014 among 4,537 low-income households with preschoolers in the U.S. (WIC participating versus nonparticipating) utilizing Nielsen Homescan Consumer Panel data...
March 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453396/bone-marrow-lympho-myeloid-malfunction-in-obesity-requires-precursor-cell-autonomous-tlr4
#18
Ailing Liu, Minhui Chen, Rashmi Kumar, Maja Stefanovic-Racic, Robert M O'Doherty, Ying Ding, Willi Jahnen-Dechent, Lisa Borghesi
Obesity, a prevalent condition in adults and children, impairs bone marrow (BM) function. However, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Here, we show that obese mice exhibit poor emergency immune responses in a toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-dependent manner. Canonical myeloid genes (Csf1r, Spi1, Runx1) are enhanced, and lymphoid genes (Flt3, Tcf3, Ebf1) are reduced. Using adoptive transfer and mixed BM chimera approaches we demonstrate that myeloid>lymphoid bias arises after 6 weeks of high-fat diet and depends on precursor cell-autonomous TLR4...
February 16, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450728/winter-vitamin-d-3-supplementation-does-not-increase-muscle-strength-but-modulates-the-igf-axis-in-young-children
#19
Charlotte Mortensen, Christian Mølgaard, Hanne Hauger, Michael Kristensen, Camilla T Damsgaard
PURPOSE: To explore whether muscle strength, the insulin-like growth factor axis (IGF-axis), height, and body composition were associated with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and affected by winter vitamin D supplementation in healthy children, and furthermore to explore potential sex differences. METHODS: We performed a double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-response winter trial at 55ºN. A total of 117 children aged 4-8 years were randomly assigned to either placebo, 10, or 20 µg/day of vitamin D3 for 20 weeks...
February 15, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438354/nutritional-quality-of-school-meals-in-france-impact-of-guidelines-and-the-role-of-protein-dishes
#20
Florent Vieux, Christophe Dubois, Christelle Duchêne, Nicole Darmon
In France, school meals must comply with 15 frequency criteria (FC) expressed as nutritional requirements (e.g., "starters containing more than 15% fat served no more than four times out of 20") in a series of 20 consecutive meals. The objective was to assess, for the first time, the nutritional impact of complying with French school food FC. Based on 40 series of meals actually served in primary schools ("observed series"), several scenarios (1600 series per scenario) of compliance or non-compliance with FC were simulated, and nutritional quality was assessed via the mean adequacy ratio (MAR/2000 kcal)...
February 13, 2018: Nutrients
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