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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802393/paediatric-injection-medialisation-laryngoplasty-recent-great-ormond-street-hospital-experience
#1
K A Stephenson, L Cavalli, A Lambert, J Fleming, E Lawes, S Gupta, C G Jephson, L A Cochrane
INTRODUCTION: Unilateral vocal fold paresis may significantly impair the vocal quality and laryngeal competence of a child. Relatively little literature relates to injection medialisation laryngoplasty (IML) in children and previous reports have involved small numbers of heterogenous cases. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of paediatric patients managed by our multidisciplinary specialist voice clinic undergoing IML for unilateral vocal fold paresis...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778055/the-effect-of-the-ketogenic-diet-on-the-developing-skeleton
#2
Peter J Simm, Jillian Bicknell-Royle, Jock Lawrie, Judy Nation, Kellie Draffin, Karen G Stewart, Fergus J Cameron, Ingrid E Scheffer, Mark T Mackay
The ketogenic diet (KD) is a medically supervised, high fat, low carbohydrate and restricted protein diet which has been used successfully in patients with refractory epilepsy. Only one published report has explored its effect on the skeleton. We postulated that the KD impairs skeletal health parameters in patients on the KD. Patients commenced on the KD were enrolled in a prospective, longitudinal study, with monitoring of Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) derived bone parameters including bone mineral content and density (BMD)...
July 26, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777279/fat-graft-and-bone-wax-interposition-provides-better-functional-outcomes-and-lower-reossification-rates-than-extensor-digitorum-brevis-after-calcaneonavicular-coalition-resection
#3
Javier Masquijo, Victoria Allende, Armando Torres-Gomez, Matthew B Dobbs
BACKGROUND: Calcaneonavicular coalitions are the most common form of tarsal coalitions. The prefered treatment for symptomatic coalitions is surgical resection; however, there are no published studies that directly compare different interposition techniques. The purpose of the present study was to retrospectively compare pain relief, functional outcomes, and complications of children and adolescents who had a resection of a symptomatic calcaneonavicular coalition with interposition of fat graft, bone wax, or extensor digitorum brevis (EDB)...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766321/flavored-milk-consumers-drank-more-milk-and-had-a-higher-prevalence-of-meeting-calcium-recommendation-than-nonconsumers
#4
Theresa A Nicklas, Carol O'Neil, Victor Fulgoni
BACKGROUND: Some schools are removing flavored milk because of the perception that it negatively impacts children's overall diet. This study assessed the contribution of flavored milk to their diets. METHODS: Individual usual intakes (IUI) were calculated from 24-hour dietary recalls of children 2-18 years (N = 20,329) participating in National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2001-2012. IUI of >0.25 cup equivalent of flavored dairy milk defined consumers (N = 3564; 56% boys)...
September 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758252/lunch-time-food-source-is-associated-with-school-hour-and-school-day-diet-quality-among-canadian-children
#5
C N Tugault-Lafleur, J L Black, S I Barr
BACKGROUND: There is limited research on the dietary behaviours of Canadian children at school, including where students obtain food from during school hours or whether lunch-time food source influences diet quality. METHODS: Nationally representative cross-sectional data from 24-h dietary recalls were analysed from the 2004 Canadian Community Health Survey (n = 4589). Dietary outcomes included school hour and school day dietary intakes and School Healthy Eating Index (S-HEI) scores...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749749/estimation-of-resting-energy-expenditure-validation-of-previous-and-new-predictive-equations-in-obese-children-and-adolescents
#6
Nilüfer Acar-Tek, Duygu Ağagündüz, Bülent Çelik, Rukiye Bozbulut
OBJECTIVE: Accurate estimation of resting energy expenditure (REE) in childrenand adolescents is important to establish estimated energy requirements. The aim of the present study was to measure REE in obese children and adolescents by indirect calorimetry method, compare these values with REE values estimated by equations, and develop the most appropriate equation for this group. METHODS: One hundred and three obese children and adolescents (57 males, 46 females) between 7 and 17 years (10...
August 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745334/evaluation-of-the-wrist-worn-actigraph-wgt3x-bt-for-estimating-activity-energy-expenditure-in-preschool-children
#7
C Delisle Nyström, J Pomeroy, P Henriksson, E Forsum, F B Ortega, R Maddison, J H Migueles, M Löf
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Easy-to-use and accurate methods to assess free-living activity energy expenditure (AEE) in preschool children are required. The aims of this study in healthy preschool children were to (a) evaluate the ability of the wrist-worn ActiGraph wGT3x-BT to predict free-living AEE and (b) assess wear compliance using a 7-day, 24-h protocol. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Participants were 40 Swedish children (5.5±0.2 years) in the Mobile-based intervention intended to stop obesity in preschoolers (MINISTOP) obesity prevention trial...
July 26, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731841/survey-of-nutrition-management-practices-in-centers-for-pediatric-intestinal-rehabilitation
#8
Anita M Nucci, Kipp Ellsworth, Austin Michalski, Emily Nagel, Jackie Wessel
BACKGROUND: Nutrition management of pediatric intestinal failure (IF) requires interdisciplinary coordination of parenteral nutrition (PN) and enteral nutrition (EN) support. Nutrition strategies used by specialists in pediatric intestinal rehabilitation to promote gut adaptation and manage complications have not been previously summarized. METHODS: A practice survey was distributed to members of the dietitian subgroup of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Pediatric Intestinal Failure Section...
July 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708468/a-botanical-composition-from-morus-alba-ilex-paraguariensis-and-rosmarinus-officinalis-for-body-weight-management
#9
Mesfin Yimam, Ping Jiao, Mei Hong, Lidia Brownell, Young-Chul Lee, Hyun-Jin Kim, Jeong-Bum Nam, Mi-Ran Kim, Qi Jia
Obesity is the largest and fastest growing public health catastrophe in the world affecting both adults and children with a prevalence impacting more than one-third of United States (US) adult population. Although the long-term solution lies in lifestyle changes in the form of dieting and exercise, intervention is required for those who are already obese. Unfortunately, treatment options remain quite limited due to associated side effects of conventional therapeutics. As a natural alternative, in this study we describe the beneficial effect of a standardized composition (UP603) comprised of extracts from Morus alba, Ilex paraguariensis, and Rosmarinus officinalis in improving metabolic disorders in high fat diet (HFD) and high fat & high fructose diet (HFFD) induced obese C57BL/6J mice...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690638/fat-soluble-vitamin-deficiency-in-pediatric-patients-with-biliary-atresia
#10
Rui Dong, Song Sun, Xiao-Zhou Liu, Zhen Shen, Gong Chen, Shan Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the levels of fat-soluble vitamins (FSVs) in pediatric patients with biliary atresia (BA) before and after the Kasai procedure. METHODS: Pediatric patients with obstructive jaundice were enrolled in this study. The FSV levels and liver function before, 2 weeks after, and 1, 3, and 6 months after the Kasai procedure were measured. RESULTS: FSV deficiency was more obvious in patients with BA than in patients with other cholestatic liver diseases, especially vitamin D deficiency...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644948/traumatic-buccal-fat-pad-herniation-in-young-children-a-systematic-review-and-case-report
#11
Seon-Yeong Kim, Angenine Alfafara, Jin-Woo Kim, Sun-Jong Kim
PURPOSE: Traumatic herniation of a buccal fat pad, predominantly seen in young children, is a rare condition. Because of its rarity and clinical features that resemble tumors, clinicians are faced with challenges at the initial diagnosis. This report describes a case of buccal fat pad herniation with excellent long-term prognosis after surgical relocation and conservative treatment and presents a systematic review of the literature on its management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Through a PubMed search, 811 articles were initially identified...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620490/ketogenic-diet-predictors-of-seizure-control
#12
Nitin Agarwal, Dimitrios Arkilo, Osman Farooq, Cynthia Gillogly, Katelyn S Kavak, Arie Weinstock
BACKGROUND: The ketogenic diet is an effective non-pharmacologic treatment for medically resistant epilepsy. The aim of this study was to identify any predictors that may influence the response of ketogenic diet. METHODS: A retrospective chart review for all patients with medically resistant epilepsy was performed at a tertiary care epilepsy center from 1996 to 2012. Patient- and diet-related variables were evaluated with respect to seizure reduction at 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12-month intervals and divided into four possible outcome classes...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584325/differences-in-nutritional-status-of-preschool-children-in-the-context-of-the-maternal-social-characteristics
#13
Adrianna Potocka, Aleksandra Jacukowicz
OBJECTIVES: It is generally accepted that maternal factors are important in maintaining the adequate nutritional status of young children. This study was aimed at verifying whether mother's socio-demographic (age and relationship status) and socio-economic features (education and professional status) differentiate the child's nutritional status. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between April and October 2013. Five hundred thirty mothers of preschool children from 5 different regions of Poland were interviewed...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574182/optimizing-the-combination-insulin-bolus-split-for-a-high-fat-high-protein-meal-in-children-and-adolescents-using-insulin-pump-therapy
#14
P E Lopez, C E Smart, P McElduff, D C Foskett, D A Price, M A Paterson, B R King
AIMS: To determine the optimum combination bolus split to maintain postprandial glycaemia with a high-fat and high-protein meal in young people with Type 1 diabetes. METHODS: A total of 19 young people (mean age 12.9 ± 6.7 years) participated in a randomized, repeated-measures trial comparing postprandial glycaemic control across six study conditions after a high-fat and high-protein meal. A standard bolus and five different combination boluses were delivered over 2 h in the following splits: 70/30 = 70% standard /30% extended bolus; 60/40=60% standard/40% extended bolus; 50/50=50% standard/50% extended bolus; 40/60=40% standard/60% extended bolus; and 30/70=30% standard/70% extended bolus...
June 2, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542196/using-relative-handgrip-strength-to-identify-children-at-risk-of-sarcopenic-obesity
#15
Michal Steffl, Jan Chrudimsky, James J Tufano
Identifying children at risk of developing childhood sarcopenic obesity often requires specialized equipment and costly testing procedures, so cheaper and quicker methods would be advantageous, especially in field-based settings. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships between the muscle-to-fat ratio (MFR) and relative handgrip strength, and to determine the ability of handgrip strength relative to body mass index (grip-to-BMI) to identify children who are at risk of developing sarcopenic obesity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531776/the-nutritional-value-of-food-service-meals-ordered-by-hospitalized-children
#16
Jeannie S Huang, Stanford Chun, Christopher Cheung, Linda Poon, Laura Terrones
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: US hospitals routinely provide food to hospitalized children. The nutritional content of provided foods has not been evaluated. We performed our study to examine meal orders of hospitalized youth and determine whether the nutritional contents of ordered meals meet dietary guidelines. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional evaluation among hospitalized youth ≥1 y receiving all nutritional intake by mouth and not on a clear liquid diet. Meal orders from hospitalized youth were analyzed for nutritional content...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531774/clinical-assessment-underestimates-fat-mass-and-overestimates-resting-energy-expenditure-in-children-with-neuromuscular-diseases
#17
Salesa Barja, Regina Pérez
BACKGROUND: Nutritional problems are frequent among patients with neuromuscular diseases, who consequently need an adequate evaluation. OBJECTIVE: to describe nutritional assessment and to estimate and measure body composition and energy requirement in children with neuromuscular diseases. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We performed anthropometry, skinfold measurement and bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA) for estimate and measure, respectively, fat mass (FM)...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495584/food-effects-in-paediatric-medicines-development-for-products-co-administered-with-food
#18
Hannah Batchelor, Ann Marie Kaukonen, Sandra Klein, Barbara Davit, Rob Ju, Robert Ternik, Tycho Heimbach, Wen Lin, Jian Wang, David Storey
A small amount of food is commonly used to aid administration of medicines to children to improve palatability and/or swallowability. However the impact of this co-administered food on the absorption and subsequent pharmacokinetic profile of the drug is unknown. Existing information on food effects is limited to standard protocols used to evaluate the impact of a high fat meal in an adult population using the adult medication. In the absence of a substantial body of data, there are no specific guidelines available during development of paediatric products relating to low volumes of potentially low calorie food...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484665/retrospective-review-of-pediatric-blunt-renal-trauma-a-single-institution-s-five-year-experience
#19
Carly R Richards, Margaret E Clark, Ronald S Sutherland, Russell K Woo
Children are at higher risk of renal injury from blunt trauma than adults due to a variety of anatomic factors such as decreased perirenal fat, weaker abdominal muscles, and a less ossified thoracic cage. Non-operative management is gaining in popularity for even major injuries, although there are no universally accepted guidelines. We present a retrospective review of pediatric major blunt renal injuries (grade 3 or higher) at a children's hospital in Hawai'i over a 5-year period. Medical records were examined between January 2009 and September 2014 from Kapi'olani Medical Center for Women and Children in Honolulu, Hawai'i...
May 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465219/differences-in-body-composition-according-to-gross-motor-function-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#20
Ki Hyuk Sung, Chin Youb Chung, Kyoung Min Lee, Byung Chae Cho, Seung Jun Moon, Jaeyoung Kim, Moon Seok Park
OBJECTIVES: To assess differences in body composition according to gross motor function in children with cerebral palsy (CP) compared to healthy controls. DESIGN: Retrospective case control study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center for CP PARTICIPANTS: One hundred consecutive patients (mean age, 11.5 ± 4.2 years) with CP who were admitted for orthopedic surgery between May 2014 and March 2016 and 46 typically developing children (TDC, control group) were included...
April 29, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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