keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Fat children requirements

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923334/objectives-of-community-policies-and-programs-associated-with-more-healthful-dietary-intakes-among-children-findings-from-the-healthy-communities-study
#1
K L Webb, S C Hewawitharana, L E Au, V Collie-Akers, W J Strauss, A J Landgraf, J Nagaraja, D K Wilson, R Sagatov, J Kao, C M Loria, S B Fawcett, L D Ritchie
BACKGROUND: Rational planning of community policies and programs (CPPs) to prevent obesity requires an understanding of CPP objectives associated with dietary behaviours. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to identify objectives of CPPs associated with healthful dietary behaviours. METHODS: An observational study identified 4026 nutrition CPPs occurring in 130 communities in the prior 6 years. Dietary intakes of fruits and vegetables, added sugar and sugar-sweetened beverages, among others, were reported among 5138 children 4-15 years of age from the communities, using a Dietary Screener Questionnaire with children age 9 years and older (parent assisted) or parent proxies for younger children...
June 19, 2018: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894518/artemether-lumefantrine-dosing-for-malaria-treatment-in-young-children-and-pregnant-women-a-pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic-meta-analysis
#2
Frank Kloprogge, Lesley Workman, Steffen Borrmann, Mamadou Tékété, Gilbert Lefèvre, Kamal Hamed, Patrice Piola, Johan Ursing, Poul Erik Kofoed, Andreas Mårtensson, Billy Ngasala, Anders Björkman, Michael Ashton, Sofia Friberg Hietala, Francesca Aweeka, Sunil Parikh, Leah Mwai, Timothy M E Davis, Harin Karunajeewa, Sam Salman, Francesco Checchi, Carole Fogg, Paul N Newton, Mayfong Mayxay, Philippe Deloron, Jean François Faucher, François Nosten, Elizabeth A Ashley, Rose McGready, Michele van Vugt, Stephane Proux, Ric N Price, Juntra Karbwang, Farkad Ezzet, Rajesh Bakshi, Kasia Stepniewska, Nicholas J White, Philippe J Guerin, Karen I Barnes, Joel Tarning
BACKGROUND: The fixed dose combination of artemether-lumefantrine (AL) is the most widely used treatment for uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Relatively lower cure rates and lumefantrine levels have been reported in young children and in pregnant women during their second and third trimester. The aim of this study was to investigate the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of lumefantrine and the pharmacokinetic properties of its metabolite, desbutyl-lumefantrine, in order to inform optimal dosing regimens in all patient populations...
June 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878255/total-usual-nutrient-intakes-of-us-children-under-48-months-findings-from-the-feeding-infants-and-toddlers-study-fits-2016
#3
Regan L Bailey, Diane J Catellier, Shinyoung Jun, Johanna T Dwyer, Emma F Jacquier, Andrea S Anater, Alison L Eldridge
Background: The US Dietary Guidelines will expand in 2020 to include infants and toddlers. Understanding current dietary intakes is critical to inform policy. Objective: The purpose of this analysis was to examine the usual total nutrient intakes from diet and supplements among US children. Methods: The Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study 2016 is a national cross-sectional study of children aged <48 mo (n = 3235): younger infants (birth to 5...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873107/a-randomized-comparison-of-three-prandial-insulin-dosing-algorithms-for-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#4
P E Lopez, M Evans, B R King, T W Jones, K J Bell, P McElduff, E A Davis, C E Smart
AIM: To compare systematically the impact of two novel insulin-dosing algorithms (the Pankowska Equation and the Food Insulin Index) with carbohydrate counting on postprandial glucose excursions following a high fat and a high protein meal. METHODS: A randomized, crossover trial at two Paediatric Diabetes centres was conducted. On each day, participants consumed a high protein or high fat meal with similar carbohydrate amounts. Insulin was delivered according to carbohydrate counting, the Pankowska Equation or the Food Insulin Index...
June 5, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761539/-fat-is-really-a-four-letter-word-exploring-weight-related-communication-best-practices-in-children-with-and-without-disabilities-and-their-caregivers
#5
A C McPherson, T J Knibbe, M Oake, J A Swift, N Browne, G D C Ball, J Hamilton
BACKGROUND: Health care professionals play a critical role in preventing and managing childhood obesity, but the American Academy of Pediatrics recently stressed the importance of using sensitive and nonstigmatizing language when discussing weight with children and families. Although barriers to weight-related discussions are well known, there are few evidence-based recommendations around communication best practices. Disability populations in particular have previously been excluded from work in this area...
May 15, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728744/free-breathing-quantification-of-hepatic-fat-in-healthy-children-and-children-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-using-a-multi-echo-3-d-stack-of-radial-mri-technique
#6
Tess Armstrong, Karrie V Ly, Smruthi Murthy, Shahnaz Ghahremani, Grace Hyun J Kim, Kara L Calkins, Holden H Wu
BACKGROUND: In adults, noninvasive chemical shift encoded Cartesian magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and single-voxel magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy (SVS) accurately quantify hepatic steatosis but require breath-holding. In children, especially young and sick children, breath-holding is often limited or not feasible. Sedation can facilitate breath-holding but is highly undesirable. For these reasons, there is a need to develop free-breathing MRI technology that accurately quantifies steatosis in all children...
July 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724576/dietary-intake-of-energy-dense-nutrient-poor-and-nutrient-dense-food-sources-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#7
Rosie Sutherland, Tamarah Katz, Victoria Liu, Justine Quintano, Rebecca Brunner, Chai Wei Tong, Clare E Collins, Chee Y Ooi
BACKGROUND: Prescription of a high-energy, high-fat diet is a mainstay of nutrition management in cystic fibrosis (CF). However, families may be relying on energy-dense, nutrient-poor (EDNP) foods rather than nutrient-dense (ND) foods to meet dietary targets. We aimed to evaluate the relative contribution of EDNP and ND foods to the usual diets of children with CF and identify sociodemographic factors associated with higher EDNP intakes. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional comparison of children with CF aged 2-18 years and age- and gender-matched controls...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689751/effect-of-standardized-feeding-protocol-on-nutrient-supply-and-postnatal-growth-of-preterm-infants-a-prospective-study
#8
Z Khan, N Morris, H Unterrainer, N Haiden, S J Holasek, B Urlesberger
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is a medical emergency and it is becoming evident that adequate nutrition starting in the first hours of life is of major importance for short and even more so for long-term health outcomes of the premature newborn. The aim was to analyze postnatal nutrient supply and growth patterns of preterm infants in response to a standardized feeding protocol during stay at neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted at NICU, Children Hospital Graz...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681446/reduction-of-radiography-with-point-of-care-elbow-ultrasonography-for-elbow-trauma-in-children
#9
Julia Tokarski, Jeffrey R Avner, Joni E Rabiner
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether point-of-care elbow ultrasound (US), with history and physical examination, can decrease radiography for patients with elbow trauma. Secondary outcomes included evaluation of pediatric emergency department (PED) length of stay (LOS) and test performance characteristics. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective study of patients up to age 21 years with elbow trauma necessitating radiography. After clinical examination and before radiography, pediatric emergency physicians performed elbow ultrasonography of the posterior fat pad and determined whether radiography was required...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667237/the-trends-and-prevalence-of-obesity-and-morbid-obesity-among-australian-school-aged-children-1985-2014
#10
Joshua Xu, Louise L Hardy, Cici Z Guo, Sarah P Garnett
AIM: Children with obesity have a greater risk of adverse social and physical health outcomes. We examined temporal changes in body mass index (BMI) z-scores and the prevalence obesity and morbid obesity in children from 1985 to 2014. METHODS: Secondary data analysis of BMI data for children aged 7-15 years from five cross-sectional Australian datasets. Changes in age- and gender-adjusted BMI (BMI z-scores) and nutritional status were categorised using the International Obesity Task Force cut-off points...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650459/examining-the-feasibility-of-healthy-minimum-stocking-standards-for-small-food-stores
#11
Allison Karpyn, Robin S DeWeese, Jennifer E Pelletier, Melissa N Laska, Punam Ohri-Vachaspati, Amy Deahl-Greenlaw, Ogheneruona Ughwanogho, Stephanie Bell Jilcott Pitts
OBJECTIVE: In response to recent national efforts to increase the availability of healthy food in small stores, we sought to understand the extent to which small food stores could implement the newly published Healthy Small Store Minimum Stocking Recommendations and reflect on the new US Department of Agriculture Food and Nutrition Service's final rule for stocking of staple foods for Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-approved retailers. DESIGN: We collected qualitative and quantitative data from 57 small stores in four states (Arizona, Delaware, Minnesota, and North Carolina) that accepted Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program but not Special Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program for Women, Infants, and Children benefits...
April 9, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607496/enteral-nutritional-therapy-for-induction-of-remission-in-crohn-s-disease
#12
REVIEW
Neeraj Narula, Amit Dhillon, Dongni Zhang, Mary E Sherlock, Melody Tondeur, Mary Zachos
BACKGROUND: Corticosteroids are often preferred over enteral nutrition (EN) as induction therapy for Crohn's disease (CD). Prior meta-analyses suggest that corticosteroids are superior to EN for induction of remission in CD. Treatment failures in EN trials are often due to poor compliance, with dropouts frequently due to poor acceptance of a nasogastric tube and unpalatable formulations. This systematic review is an update of a previously published Cochrane review. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of exclusive EN as primary therapy to induce remission in CD and to examine the importance of formula composition on effectiveness...
April 1, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604537/chronic-exposure-to-low-environmental-concentrations-and-legal-aquaculture-doses-of-antibiotics-cause-systemic-adverse-effects-in-nile-tilapia-and-provoke-differential-human-health-risk
#13
Samwel M Limbu, Li Zhou, Sheng-Xiang Sun, Mei-Ling Zhang, Zhen-Yu Du
BACKGROUND: Antibiotics used globally to treat human and animal diseases exist ubiquitously in the environment at low doses because of misuse, overdose and poor absorption after ingestion, coupled with their high-water solubility and degradation resistance. However, the systemic chronic effects of exposure to low environmental concentrations of antibiotics (LECAs) and legal aquaculture doses of antibiotics (LADAs) in fish and their human health risk are currently unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the in vivo chronic effects of exposure to LECAs and LADAs using oxytetracycline (OTC) and sulfamethoxazole (SMZ) in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and their human health risk...
June 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596440/effectiveness-of-school-food-environment-policies-on-children-s-dietary-behaviors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Renata Micha, Dimitra Karageorgou, Ioanna Bakogianni, Eirini Trichia, Laurie P Whitsel, Mary Story, Jose L Peñalvo, Dariush Mozaffarian
BACKGROUND: School food environment policies may be a critical tool to promote healthy diets in children, yet their effectiveness remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review and quantify the impact of school food environment policies on dietary habits, adiposity, and metabolic risk in children. METHODS: We systematically searched online databases for randomized or quasi-experimental interventions assessing effects of school food environment policies on children's dietary habits, adiposity, or metabolic risk factors...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569350/waist-to-height-ratio-remains-an-accurate-and-practical-way-of-identifying-cardiometabolic-risks-in-children-and-adolescents
#15
Yuan Jiang, Ya-Lan Dou, Feng Xiong, Lan Zhang, Gao-Hui Zhu, Ting Wu, Yi Zhang, Wei-Li Yan
AIM: We evaluated how effectively the waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) identified cardiometabolic risk (CMR) in children and adolescents, compared with the tri-ponderal mass index, percentage of body fat and other obesity indexes. METHODS: Eligible subjects were recruited from three metropolitan regions of China from May 2013 to June 2014. Subjects with at least three of the following abnormalities - hypertension, dyslipidemia, elevated fasting blood glucose and central obesity - were defined as CMR1 and children with at least two were defined as CMR2...
March 22, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559234/body-composition-dietary-intake-and-physical-activity-of-young-survivors-of-childhood-cancer
#16
Alexia J Murphy-Alford, Melinda White, Liane Lockwood, Andrew Hallahan, Peter S W Davies
AIM: To describe the body composition, dietary intake and physical activity and of paediatric, adolescent and young adult childhood cancer survivors (CCS) and examine the factors that impact body composition after treatment. METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study involved 74 subjects who were at least three years post treatment. Measurements included anthropometry, whole body potassium counting, air displacement plethysmography, and three day physical activity and diet diaries...
March 7, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553045/prospective-follow-up-of-children-with-idiopathic-growth-hormone-deficiency-after-termination-of-gh-treatment-is-there-really-need-for-treatment-at-transition-to-adulthood
#17
Emine Çamtosun, Zeynep Şıklar, Merih Berberoğlu
OBJECTIVES: Continuation of GH treatment in adolescents with severe childhood onset Idiopathic Growth Hormone Deficiency (IGHD) during the transition period, irrespective of achievement of final height is still debatable.We aimed to investigate the metabolic profile, BMD and body composition of the patients with isolated childhood onset GHD in whom GH treatments were terminated after they reached their final height, prospectively six months after the cessation of therapy. METHODS: Twelve patients, 6 of which with peak GH <5 ng/mL (Permanent GHD, Group 1), and 6 of which with peak GH >5 ng/mL (Transient GHD, Group 2) after insulin stimulation test were evaluated for anthropometric and laboratory parameters including fasting blood glucose (FBG), fasting insulin (FI), lipid profile, BMD, body composition measurements, and 24 hours ambulatory blood pressure monitoring before (baseline) and at six months after discontinuation of GH...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549246/an-audit-of-the-dietary-intake-of-australian-children-with-type-1-diabetes
#18
Heather R Gilbertson, Kristen Reed, Sarah Clark, Kate L Francis, Fergus J Cameron
To understand what children with type 1 diabetes in a representative tertiary hospital clinic are eating compared to their peers and explore dietary intake impact on HbA1c outcome. An open cross-sectional dietary audit of children and adolescents with diabetes aged 2-17 years attending the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne was conducted using an age-appropriate validated Food Frequency Questionnaire. Total energy, macronutrient intake and diet quality were calculated and compared to dietary advice provided and national intake data...
March 9, 2018: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518765/from-treating-childhood-malnutrition-to-public-health-nutrition
#19
W Philip T James
BACKGROUND: This analysis sets out an overview of an IUNS presentation of a European clinician's assessment of the challenges of coping with immediate critical clinical problems and how to use metabolic and a mechanistic understanding of disease when developing nutritional policies. SUMMARY: Critically ill malnourished children prove very sensitive to both mineral and general nutritional overload, but after careful metabolic control they can cope with a high-quality, energy-rich diet provided their initial lactase deficiency and intestinal atrophy are taken into account...
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518206/the-science-of-obesity-management-an-endocrine-society-scientific-statement
#20
George A Bray, William E Heisel, Ashkan Afshin, Michael D Jensen, William H Dietz, Michael Long, Robert F Kushner, Stephen R Daniels, Thomas A Wadden, Adam G Tsai, Frank B Hu, John M Jakicic, Donna H Ryan, Bruce M Wolfe, Thomas H Inge
The prevalence of obesity, measured by body mass index, has risen to unacceptable levels in both men and women in the United States and worldwide with resultant hazardous health implications. Genetic, environmental, and behavioral factors influence the development of obesity, and both the general public and health professionals stigmatize those who suffer from the disease. Obesity is associated with and contributes to a shortened life span, type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, some cancers, kidney disease, obstructive sleep apnea, gout, osteoarthritis, and hepatobiliary disease, among others...
April 1, 2018: Endocrine Reviews
keyword
keyword
119019
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"