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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635566/stone-size-is-a-predictor-for-residual-stone-and-multiple-procedures-of-endoscopic-combined-intrarenal-surgery
#1
Shimpei Yamashita, Yasuo Kohjimoto, Akinori Iba, Kazuro Kikkawa, Isao Hara
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the predictors of treatment results after endoscopic combined intrarenal surgery (ECIRS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of 75 patients with renal stones who underwent ECIRS and a preoperative non-contrast computed tomography (NCCT) examination. The stone-free rate (SFR), number of primary procedures and perioperative complications were investigated, and the predictors contributing to these three outcomes were analyzed...
February 13, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634627/influence-of-multiple-stapler-firings-used-for-rectal-division-on-colorectal-anastomotic-leak-rate
#2
Tamara Braunschmid, Nikolaus Hartig, Lukas Baumann, Bernhard Dauser, Friedrich Herbst
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leakage following colorectal resection remains one of the most significant complications with relevant morbidity and mortality. There is evidence that a higher number of stapler firings for rectal division can affect the leak rate in double stapling anastomosis. However, there are no data concerning compression anastomosis. We present our institutional experience addressing this issue. DESIGN: This is a retrospective review of a prospective institutional database of patients undergoing colonic and rectal resection for benign and malignant indications between January 2008 and December 2014 at the surgical department of the St...
June 20, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634093/total-hip-arthroplasty-after-transtrochanteric-rotational-osteotomy-for-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head-a-mean-10-year-follow-up
#3
Yusuke Osawa, Taisuke Seki, Daigo Morita, Yasuhiko Takegami, Toshiaki Okura, Naoki Ishiguro
BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study was to investigate clinical, quality of life, and radiographic outcomes of patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty (THA) after transtrochanteric rotational osteotomy (TRO) for osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). METHODS: We performed a case-control study. The participants were 29 patients (34 hips) who underwent THA after TRO (TRO group). These patients had a mean age at surgery of 51.6 years (range, 30-72 years) and underwent postoperative follow-up for a mean period of 10...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632724/oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-patients-can-be-differentiated-from-healthy-individuals-with-label-free-serum-proteomics
#4
Mayank Saraswat, Antti Mäkitie, Rahul Agarwal, Sakari Joenväärä, Suvi Renkonen
BACKGROUND: No blood biomarkers to detect early oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) without clinical signs exist - diagnosis is solely based on histology of a visible tumour. Most OSCC patients are diagnosed at advanced stage, which leads to significant morbidity and poor survival. Our aim was to find the serum screening or detection biomarkers in OSCC. METHODS: Serum samples from patients with OSCC treated at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Helsinki University Hospital (Finland) were collected...
June 20, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630729/acetabular-rim-length-an-anatomical-study-to-determine-reasonable-graft-sizes-for-labral-reconstruction
#5
Michael R Karns, Sunny H Patel, Jensen Kolaczko, Raymond W Liu, Richard C Mather, Brian J White, Shane J Nho, Michael J Salata
The purpose of this article is to determine normative values for the length of the acetabular rim and detect differences between gender, age, ethnicity, height and leg length. Six measurements were taken on the acetabular rim of 143 cadaveric skeleton specimens (286 acetabula) using a coordinate-measuring device: circumferential (excluding acetabular notch), anterior inferior iliac spine (AIIS)-anterior, AIIS-posterior, 12-3 o'clock, 12-9 o'clock and 11-5 o'clock. Museum specimen height data and leg length data from a previous study were recorded for 109 of 143 specimens...
January 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630720/predictors-and-trajectories-of-chronic-postoperative-pain-following-hip-preservation-surgery
#6
Christine B Sieberg, Justyna Klajn, Cindy Wong, Garrett Bowen, Laura E Simons, Michael B Millis
Factors contributing to chronic postoperative pain (CPOP) are poorly defined in young people and developmental considerations are poorly understood. With over 5 million children undergoing surgery yearly and 25% of adults referred to chronic pain clinics identifying surgery as the antecedent, there is a need to elucidate factors that contribute to CPOP in surgical patients. The present study includes patients undergoing hip preservation surgery at a children's hospital. The HOOS and SF-12 Health Survey were administered to 614 pre-surgical patients with 421 patients completing follow-up (6-months, 1-year and 2-years post-surgery)...
January 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630718/ability-to-return-to-work-without-restrictions-in-workers-compensation-patients-undergoing-hip-arthroscopy
#7
Simon Lee, Gregory L Cvetanovich, Randy Mascarenhas, Thomas H Wuerz, Richard C Mather, Charles A Bush-Joseph, Shane J Nho
The purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of worker's compensation (WC) patients to return to work without restrictions after hip arthroscopy. Twenty-nine WC patients along with age and gender matched controls who underwent hip arthroscopy were retrospectively reviewed after achieving maximum medical improvement (MMI) status at minimum 1 year postoperatively. Patient demographic factors were evaluated, along with the Hip Outcome Score Activities of Daily Living and Sports-Specific subscales, and the modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS)...
January 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627359/evaluation-of-early-postoperative-complications-following-tracheotomy
#8
Danielle L Freburg-Hoffmeister, John H Hardeman, M Franklin Dolwick, Charles G Widmer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the early postoperative complications related to tracheotomy performed by surgeons and residents in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMS) at the University of Florida College of Dentistry (UFCD; Gainesville, FL). The authors hypothesized that complications with this surgical technique would be substantially different among the different medical diagnoses of these patients and the number of complications would positively correlate with the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status classification...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625654/line-1-hypomethylation-is-associated-to-specific-clinico-pathological-features-in-stage-i-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#9
Andrea Imperatori, Nora Sahnane, Nicola Rotolo, Francesca Franzi, Elisa Nardecchia, Laura Libera, Chiara Romualdi, Maria Cattoni, Fausto Sessa, Lorenzo Dominioni, Daniela Furlan
OBJECTIVES: We hypothesize that selected genetic and/or epigenetic changes associated with advanced tumours may help identifying early non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs) that recur after resection. Among epigenetic changes, long interspersed nuclear element-1 (LINE-1) hypomethylation is seen early during carcinogenesis and may act in concert with genetic alterations to cancer progression. LINE-1 hypomethylation and gene mutations frequently involved in lung cancer, were analysed to evaluate their prognostic role in resected stage I NSCLC...
June 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625258/-plasma-level-of-neutrophil-extracellular-traps-in-septic-patients-and-its-clinical-significance-a-prospective-observational-study
#10
Fangxiao Zhang, Zhidan Zhang, Xiaochun Ma
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the changes of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) level in plasma of sepsis patients and judge its clinical value for early diagnosing of sepsis. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted. The patients after surgery aged > 18 years and expected to stay in the ICU > 24 hours admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of the First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University from November 2014 to February 2015 were enrolled...
February 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624863/matched-pair-analysis-of-patients-with-advanced-hypopharyngeal-cancer-surgery-versus-concomitant-chemoradiotherapy
#11
Shigemichi Iwae, Masato Fujii, Ryuichi Hayashi, Yasuhisa Hasegawa, Takashi Fujii, Kenji Okami, Akihiro Homma, Tetsuro Onitsuka, Takakuni Kato, Takenori Ogawa, Kyoichi Terao, Nobuya Monden, Naoki Otsuki, Hiroshi Nishino, Ichiro Ota, Yasushi Fujimoto, Kazuto Matsuura, Kazuyoshi Kawabata, Hidetoshi Matsui, Koichiro Yonezawa, Ken-Ichi Nibu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the therapeutic outcomes of total pharyngolaryngectomy with those of concomitant chemoradiotherapy in advanced hypopharyngeal cancer. METHODS: This is a retrospective multi-institutional study. The medical records of 979 patients with hypopharyngeal cancer, who were initially treated between 2006 and 2008, were reviewed. In this study, we matched a group of total pharyngolaryngectomy patients with a second group of chemoradiotherapy patients, according to age, gender, subsite, arytenoid fixation, cartilage invasion, and N classification, and analyzed overall survival, disease-specific survival, and locoregional control rates...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624324/risk-factors-for-rapid-glaucoma-disease-progression
#12
Thomas Chun Wai Chan, Chandra Bala, Anna Siu, Fiona Wan, Andrew White
PURPOSE: To determine the intraocular and systemic risk factor differences between a cohort of rapid glaucoma disease progressors and non-rapid disease progressors. DESIGN: Retrospective case control study Methods SETTING: Five private ophthalmology clinics STUDY POPULATION: 48 rapidly progressing eyes (progression ≥1dB mean deviation (MD)/year) and 486 non-rapidly progressing eyes (progression <1dB MD/year). Patients were eligible if they had a diagnosis of glaucoma from their ophthalmologist and if they had greater than or equal to 5 Humphrey visual fields (24-2) conducted...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624268/-female-to-male-transgender-chest-reconstruction-a-retrospective-study-of-patient-satisfaction
#13
B Bertrand, A-S Perchenet, T R Colson, D Drai, D Casanova
BACKGROUND: Mammaplasty in gender reassignment surgery is often poorly understood, due to a lack of information about this condition and its therapy. The aim of this work was to evaluate patient satisfaction following bilateral mastectomy for female-to-male gender reassignment. METHODS: We contacted 22 patients who underwent mammaplasty for female-to-male gender reassignment between January 2012 and March 2013 in our university hospital. Patients were sent postal questionnaires...
June 14, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624014/can-routine-chest-radiography-be-used-to-diagnose-mild-copd-a-nested-case-control-study
#14
A M den Harder, A M Snoek, T Leiner, W J Suyker, L M de Heer, R P J Budde, J W J Lammers, P A de Jong, M J A Gondrie
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether mild stage chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can be detected on chest radiography without substantial overdiagnosis. METHODS: A retrospective nested case-control study (case:control, 1:1) was performed in 783 patients scheduled for cardiothoracic surgery who underwent both spirometry and a chest radiograph preoperative. Diagnostic accuracy of chest radiography for diagnosing mild COPD was investigated using objective measurements and overall appearance specific for COPD on chest radiography...
July 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623540/identification-of-surgical-patients-at-high-risk-of-osas-using-the-berlin-questionnaire-to-detect-potential-high-risk-of-adverse-respiratory-events-in-post-anesthesia-care-unit
#15
Fei Liu, Li Liu, Fang Zheng, Xiangdong Tang, Yongxin Bao, Yunxia Zuo
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) increases the risk of post-surgery complications. This study uses Berlin Questionnaire (BQ) to identify Chinese adult surgical patients who are at a high risk of OSAS and to determine if the BQ could be used to detect potential high risk of adverse respiratory events in the post anesthesia care unit (PACU). Results indicated that only 11.4% of the patients were considered at a high risk of OSAS. Age and body mass index are the key factors for the risk of OSAS prevalence in China and also gender specific...
June 7, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622900/the-risk-of-curve-progression-and-surgery-in-african-americans-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#16
Taylor Lara, Nelson Astur, Tamekia L Jones, Vinayak Perake, Alice Moisan, William C Warner, Jeffery R Sawyer, Derek M Kelly
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To determine if certain risk factors (age, curve magnitude, skeletal maturity, gender, and curve pattern) traditionally associated with curve progression and surgical intervention in the general population apply equally to African Americans. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Currently, information is limited on the role that a patient's race plays in the risk of curve progression of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), and existing studies have conflicting results...
July 2017: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620985/development-of-a-patient-and-institutional-based-model-for-estimation-of-operative-times-for-robot-assisted-radical-cystectomy-results-from-the-international-robotic-cystectomy-consortium
#17
Ahmed A Hussein, Paul R May, Youssef E Ahmed, Matthias Saar, Carl J Wijburg, Lee Richstone, Andrew Wagner, Timothy Wilson, Bertram Yuh, Joan Palou Redorta, Prokar Dasgupta, Omar Kawa, Mohammad Shamim Khan, Mani Menon, James O Peabody, Abolfazl Hosseini, Franco Gaboardi, Giovannalberto Pini, Francis Schanne, Alexandre Mottrie, Koon-Ho Rha, Ashok Hemal, Michael Stockle, John Kelly, Wei Shen Tan, Thomas J Maatman, Vassilis Poulakis, Jihad Kaouk, Abdullah Erdem Canda, Mevlana Derya Balbay, Peter Wiklund, Khurshid A Guru
OBJECTIVES: To design a methodology to predict operative times for robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) based on variation in institutional, patient and disease characteristic to help in operating room scheduling and quality control. METHODS: The model included preoperative variables and therefore can be used for prediction of surgical times: institutional volume, age, gender, BMI, ASA Score, history of prior surgery and radiation, clinical stage, neoadjuvant chemotherapy, type, technique of diversion and the extent of lymph node dissection...
June 16, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620685/the-efficacy-of-a-new-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-therapy-for-locally-advanced-pancreatic-cancer
#18
Jing Zhao, Fuguang Zhao, Yulan Shi, Yongchuan Deng, Xiaoye Hu, Hong Shen
PURPOSE: To compare the survival benefit and safety of the low power cumulative and traditional high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) for locally advanced pancreatic cancer. METHOD: We retrospectively analyzed 38 patients with locally advanced, inoperable, stage III pancreatic patients received HIFU treatment between January 2008 and April 2014 in the Department of Surgery, the Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University, School of Medicine. 11 of them received the low power cumulative HIFU treatment, while other 27 received the traditional HIFU treatment...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618843/risk-of-cardiac-death-among-cancer-survivors-in-the-united-states-a-seer-database-analysis
#19
Omar Abdel-Rahman
 Background: Population-based data on the risk of cardiac death among cancer survivors are needed. This scenario was evaluated in cancer survivors (>5 years) registered within the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database. METHODS: The SEER database was queried using SEER*Stat to determine the frequency of cardiac death compared to other causes of death; and to determine heart disease-specific and cancer-specific survival rates in survivors of each of the 10 most common cancers in men and women in the SEER database...
June 21, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616905/-clinicopathological-features-diagnoses-and-treatments-of-6-458-lung-cancer-patients
#20
Lei Li, Dan Liu, Li Zhang, Ping Zhou, Juan Song, Yue Cheng, He Yu, Shuang Zhao, Wei-Min Li
OBJECTIVES: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death on a global scale. This study aimed to review the clinicopathological featuresof primary lung cancer and the practice in diagnoses and treatments. METHODS: Medical record of patients diagnosed with primary lung cancer in West China Hospital of Sichuan University from 2008 to 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical characteristics of the patients, including pathological type, age, gender, and TNM stage were analyzed...
May 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
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