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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938410/gender-difference-in-the-clinical-presentation-of-primary-hyperparathyroidism-influence-of-menopausal-status
#1
Elena Castellano, Roberto Attanasio, Alberto Boriano, Micaela Pellegrino, Francesca Garino, Laura Gianotti, Giorgio Borretta
Background: Female to male ratio in primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is 3:1, but data on gender impact on the clinical presentation are limited. Methods: We evaluated retrospectively gender difference in biochemistry and clinical presentation at diagnosis in a monocentric series of 417 patients with PHPT: 93 men (58.6 ±14.5 years), and 324 women (61.7 ± 12.8 years), of whom 54 were pre-menopausal (pre-F) and 270 post-menopausal (post-F). Results: Men were significantly younger (p = 0...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937934/an-evaluation-of-new-york-city-s-2015-birth-certificate-gender-marker-regulation
#2
Erica J Lee, Danielle Gurr, Gretchen Van Wye
PURPOSE: In 1971, the New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene amended Section 207.05 of the NYC Health Code to allow individuals who had undergone "convertive surgery" (interpreted by the code to mean genital surgery) to amend the gender on their birth certificates. This surgery requirement was removed in 2015. In a survey evaluating the regulation change, we sought to characterize the transgender population newly eligible to obtain a gender-congruent NYC birth certificate by comparing respondents with and without genital surgery...
September 22, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936068/hydrocephalus-associated-with-large-vestibular-schwannoma-management-options-and-factors-predicting-requirement-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-diversion-after-primary-surgery
#3
A R Prabhuraj, Nishanth Sadashiva, Santhosh Kumar, Dhaval Shukla, Dhananjaya Bhat, Bhagavatula Indira Devi, Sampath Somanna
OBJECTIVE: Obstructive hydrocephalus (HCP) related to vestibular schwannoma occurs in large tumors compressing the fourth ventricle. Symptoms related to HCP are expected to alleviate after resection of the tumor and decompression of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pathways. However, some patients may require permanent cerebrospinal diversion even after surgery due to persistent HCP. In this study, the authors try to find out the factors associated with the requirement of CSF diversion after vestibular schwannoma surgery in cases of persistent HCP...
August 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934889/clinical-outcomes-after-endovascular-repair-and-open-surgery-to-treat-immunoglobulin-g4-related-and-nonrelated-inflammatory-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#4
Satomi Kasashima, Fuminori Kasashima, Atsuhiro Kawashima, Masamitsu Endo, Yasushi Matsumoto, Kengo Kawakami
PURPOSE: To compare the follow-up results of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) vs open surgery (OS) for inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysms (IAAAs) with regard to immunoglobulin G4-related diseases (IgG4-RD), which are fibrous inflammatory conditions characterized by elevated serum IgG4 concentrations and numerous infiltrations of IgG4(+) plasmacytes. METHODS: Between January 2005 and December 2015, 91 patients were treated with EVAR (begun in 2008) and 166 patients underwent OS for AAA...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934794/effects-of-epidemiological-factors-and-pressure-pain-measurements-in-predicting-postoperative-pain-a-prospective-survey-of-1-002-chinese-patients
#5
Guangyou Duan, Shanna Guo, Yuhao Zhang, Ying Ying, Penghao Huang, Li Zhang, Xianwei Zhang
BACKGROUND: A high degree of inter-individual differences was noted in human basal pain as well as the reporting of clinical pain, such as postoperative pain. Understanding the effects of common epidemiological variations and preoperative experimental methods of human pain perception may contribute to individualized pain treatment for patients. OBJECTIVES: The current study was aimed to assess the role of epidemiological factors and preoperative experimental pain sensitivity for predicting postoperative pain and to analyze the potential effects of epidemiological factors on experimental pain sensitivity...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932679/osteochondroma-review-of-431-patients-from-one-medical-institution-in-south-china
#6
Kai Tong, Hongzhe Liu, Xiang Wang, Ziyi Zhong, Shenglu Cao, Chengjie Zhong, YunPing Yang, Gang Wang
BACKGROUND: The geographic distribution of osteochondroma (OC) varies greatly around the world. There has been no recent report on OC in a large Chinese population. The aim of this study was to characterize OC by an epidemiological analysis of the clinical data from one medical institution in South China. METHODS: We searched medical electronic records from January 2001 to January 2016 in one large hospital in South China to identify patients with a definite diagnosis of OC...
September 2017: Journal of Bone Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932579/patient-reported-outcomes-following-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-vats-resection-or-stereotactic-ablative-body-radiotherapy-sabr-for-treatment-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-protocol-for-an-observational-pilot-study-lilac
#7
Cecilia Pompili, Kevin N Franks, Alessandro Brunelli, Yusuf S Hussain, Patricia Holch, Matthew E Callister, Jonathan M Robson, Kostas Papagiannopoulos, Galina Velikova
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is increasingly a disease of the elderly and frail population with a median age of 70 years at diagnosis. Therefore, consideration of the impact of interventions on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and not only absolute survival is especially important. For non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has been gaining popularity over the last few decades, replacing traditional open lobectomies. For high-risk patients who are not deemed suitable for surgery, stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy (SABR) provides a potentially curative alternative...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932371/estimating-postoperative-survival-rate-of-gastric-cancer-patients-and-its-effective-factors-in-babol-northern-iran-2006-2011
#8
Seyed-Reza Modarres, Abdolrahim Gholizadeh-Pasha, Soheil Khatibi, Sepideh Siadati
BACKGROUND: The importance of gastric cancer, considering its progressive course and high mortality is one of the reasons we pay attention to patients' survival and the significance of this study was to estimate survival and determine the effective factors on patients with gastric cancer. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, all patients with gastric cancer who underwent surgery in Shahid Beheshti Hospital, Babol, northern Iran during 2006-2011 were enrolled...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932028/cytological-spectrum-of-salivary-gland-lesions-and-their-correlation-with-epidemiological-parameters
#9
Vaneet Kaur Sandhu, Upender Sharma, Navtej Singh, Arun Puri
BACKGROUND: The role fine-needle aspiration (FNA) in the diagnosis of salivary gland lesions has evolved over the years. Although clinical and radiological parameters help to narrow the differential diagnosis the tissue diagnosis still remains the gold standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is from January 2013 to December 2015 in our Department of Pathology where 170 salivary gland lesions were aspirated. The aim of the present study was to analyze adequacy rate in relation to the size of lesion and to evaluate varied cytological spectrum of salivary gland lesions with emphasis on differential diagnosis and to correlate cytological diagnosis with age, gender and anatomical site...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930858/a-retrospective-study-comparing-percutaneous-and-open-pedicle-screw-fixation-for-thoracolumbar-fractures-with-spinal-injuries
#10
Bowen Wang, Yong Fan, Jingjing Dong, Hu Wang, Faqi Wang, Zhichen Liu, Haoyuan Liu, Yafei Feng, Fengrong Chen, Zheyuan Huang, Ruisong Chen, Wei Lei, Zixiang Wu
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness between percutaneous and open pedicle screw fixation for treating thoracolumbar fractures with spinal injuries. METHODS: A total of 105 patients with thoracolumbar fractures and spinal injuries were divided into a percutaneous pedicle screw fixation (PPSF) group with 56 patients, who underwent percutaneous pedicle screw fixation, and an open pedicle screw fixation (OPSF) group with 49 patients, who underwent open pedicle screw fixation in accordance with the treatment project...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930855/distal-adding-on-phenomenon-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients-with-thoracolumbar-vertebra-fusion-a-case-control-study
#11
Wei Xu, Chao Chen, Yifan Li, Changwei Yang, Ming Li, Zhikun Li, Xiaodong Zhu
The adding-on phenomenon is a common complication in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients after correction surgery. However, the risk factors of previous studies and the optimal treatment strategies remain controversial. The aim of this study was to identify new risk factors for the adding-on phenomenon after posterior correction surgery in AIS patients and compare different treatment strategies to guide the selection of the lowest instrumented vertebra (LIV).All types of Lenke AIS patients who received correction surgery at our center from January 2009 to July 2014 were analyzed...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930844/health-related-quality-of-life-assessment-in-surgical-patients-with-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-a-single-center-analysis-from-mainland-china
#12
Juxiang Gou, Wenjie Cheng, Jianyong Lei, Qian Pan, Wei You, Ming Cai, Huairong Tang, Yali Lei, Zhihui Li, Rixiang Gong, Jinqiang Zhu
Even with a favorable prognosis, the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) patients remains unclear and conflicting. Thus, in the present study, we compared the HRQoL of PTC patients with that of the general population (GP).The study was performed in our thyroid and parathyroid surgery department, and 186 PTC patients who had undergone thyroidectomy were included. The exclusion criteria were an age < 18 years, no follow-up, and the presence of other malignant neoplasms...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929612/comparison-of-laparoscopic-toupet-and-laparoscopic-nissen-fundoplications-in-neurologically-normal-children
#13
Go Miyano, Masaya Yamoto, Hiromu Miyake, Masakatsu Kaneshiro, Keiichi Morita, Hiroshi Nouso, Mariko Koyama, Manabu Okawada, Takashi Doi, Hiroyuki Koga, Geoffrey J Lane, Koji Fukumoto, Atsuyuki Yamataka, Naoto Urushihara
INTRODUCTION: We compared laparoscopic Toupet fundoplication (LTF) and laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF) in neurologically normal children. METHODS: Forty neurologically normal children who were followed up for more than 3 years after LTF (n = 22) or LNF (n = 18) were reviewed retrospectively. LTF and LNF were performed between 2006 and 2012. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in gender (LTF, 15 male and 7 female patients; LNF:, 12 male and 6 female patients), mean age at surgery (LTF vs LNF: 2...
September 20, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928771/an-analysis-of-patient-perceptions-and-expectations-to-dental-implants-is-there-a-significant-effect-on-long-term-satisfaction-levels
#14
Shane J J McCrea
Here we present an analysis of patient perceptions and expectations to dental implant placement and their prosthetic reconstruction, to then consider whether they have an effect on long-term satisfaction levels. A Post-Treatment Completion Questionnaire was designed to analyse whether patient satisfaction is influenced by age and/or gender; has an effect on patient-reported self-confidence levels; contributes to increased levels of oral hygiene; provides further insight into the average pain levels during and after the surgical intervention; or influences further acceptance of dental implant surgery...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928358/a-new-method-in-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-reverse-trendelenburg-with-right-lateral-tilt-position-prior-to-trocar-entry
#15
Okay Koç, İbrahim Tayfun Şahiner, Feza Ekiz
BACKGROUND The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of patient positioning prior to trocar entry in laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS The records of 300 patients that had a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy surgery at Aydin State Hospital from January 2015 until January 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. First, 140 patients who had been placed in the surgical position after the entry of trocars (PAET) were included as the first group, and 160 patients who had been placed in the surgical position before entry of trocars (PBET) were included as the second group...
September 20, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927948/survival-trends-in-patients-with-tracheal-carcinoma-from-1973-to-2011
#16
Surbhi Agrawal, Christopher Jackson, Karel-Bart Celie, Chetan Dodhia, Daphne Monie, Jose Monzon, Theodor Kaufman, Nicholas J Hellenthal
PURPOSE: The prognosis for primary tracheal cancer is dismal. We investigated whether there has been improvement in survival in tracheal cancer patients and how treatment modality affected overall and cancer-specific survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database, 1144 patients with tracheal cancer were identified between 1973 and 2011. Patients were stratified by age group, gender, race, tumor histology, and treatment modality...
August 26, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927560/patient-variation-limits-use-of-fixed-references-for-femoral-rotation-component-alignment-in-total-knee-arthroplasty
#17
Joshua G Twiggs, David M Dickison, Elizabeth C Kolos, Caitlin E Wilcox, Justin P Roe, Brett A Fritsch, Stephen J McMahon, Brad P Miles, Andrew J Ruys
BACKGROUND: Optimal rotational alignment of the femoral component is a common goal during total knee arthroplasty. The posterior condylar axis (PCA) is thought to be the most reproducible reference in surgery, while the transepicondylar axis (TEA) seems to better approximate the native kinematic flexion axis. This study sought to determine if rules based on patient gender or coronal alignment could allow reliable reproduction of the TEA from the PCA. METHODS: Three-dimensional models based on preoperative computed tomography were made representing a patient's arthritic knee joint...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927186/long-term-clinical-outcomes-health-related-quality-of-life-and-costs-in-different-treatment-modalities-of-stable-coronary-artery-disease
#18
Harriet Stenvall, Ilkka Tierala, Pirjo Räsänen, Mika Laine, Harri Sintonen, Risto P Roine
Aims: This study is a prospective, observational 8-year follow-up of 300 stable unselected coronary artery disease patients entering elective coronary angiography in 2002-03. Recorded were clinical outcomes, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and secondary care costs after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), or medical therapy (MT). Methods and results: HRQoL was measured by the 15D instrument at baseline, 6 months, and 8 years...
January 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927038/effects-of-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-combined-with-radiotherapy-in-patients-with-advanced-esophageal-carcinoma
#19
Yu Liu, Deyao Xie, Chang Li, Chaoxi Lin, Jun Zhao
We analyzed the improvement of survival time and the effects of neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with radiotherapy on treating patients with advanced esophageal carcinoma. Retrospectively, 43 patients were selected with esophageal carcinoma who were administered neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with radiotherapy. According to gender, and tumor staging, the nearest neighbor matching was carried out. Eighty-six patients (1:2) who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy and 129 patients (1:3) who underwent surgery only were taken and compared for clinical outcomes...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923108/a-low-psoas-muscle-volume-correlates-with-a-longer-hospitalization-after-radical-cystectomy
#20
Yoko Saitoh-Maeda, Takashi Kawahara, Yasuhide Miyoshi, Sohgo Tsutsumi, Daiji Takamoto, Kota Shimokihara, Yuutaro Hayashi, Taku Mochizuki, Mari Ohtaka, Manami Nakamura, Yusuke Hattori, Jun-Ichi Teranishi, Yasushi Yumura, Kimito Osaka, Hiroki Ito, Kazuhide Makiyama, Noboru Nakaigawa, Masahiro Yao, Hiroji Uemura
BACKGROUND: Recently, sarcopenia has been reported as a new predictor for patient outcomes or likelihood of post-operative complications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association of the psoas muscle volume with the length of hospitalization among patients undergoing radical cystectomy. METHODS: A total of 63 (80.8%) male patients and 15 (19.2%) female patients who underwent radical cystectomy for their bladder cancer in our institution from 2000 to 2015 were analyzed...
September 18, 2017: BMC Urology
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