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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156179/dietary-management-of-obesity-cornerstones-of-healthy-eating-patterns
#1
REVIEW
Alissa D Smethers, Barbara J Rolls
Several dietary patterns, both macronutrient and food based, can lead to weight loss. A key strategy for weight management that can be applied across dietary patterns is to reduce energy density. Clinical trials show that reducing energy density is effective for weight loss and weight loss maintenance. A variety of practical strategies and tools can help facilitate successful weight management by reducing energy density, providing portion control, and improving diet quality. The flexibility of energy density gives patients options to tailor and personalize their dietary pattern to reduce energy intake for sustainable weight loss...
January 2018: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155036/effectiveness-of-app-based-self-acupressure-for-women-with-menstrual-pain-compared-to-usual-care-a-randomized-pragmatic-trial
#2
Susanne Blödt, Daniel Pach, Sanna von Eisenhart-Rothe, Fabian Lotz, Stephanie Roll, Katja Icke, Claudia M Witt
BACKGROUND: Primary dysmenorrhea is common among women of reproductive age. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and oral contraceptives are effective treatments, although the failure rate is around 20-25%. Therefore additional evidence-based treatments are needed. In recent years, the use of smartphone applications (apps) has increased rapidly and may support individuals in self-management strategies. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of app-based self-acupressure in women with menstrual pain...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153035/an-unusual-presentation-of-pseudocowpox-associated-with-an-outbreak-of-pustular-ulcerative-vulvovaginitis-in-a-swedish-dairy-herd
#3
Gunilla Blomqvist, Karin Ullman, Thomas Segall, Elenor Hauzenberger, Lena Renström, Karin Persson-Waller, Mikael Leijon, Jean-Francois Valarcher
Species Pseudocowpox virus (PCPV; family Poxviridae) is known to cause pustular cutaneous disease in cattle. We describe an outbreak of pseudocowpox with an unusual clinical picture in a free-stall dairy herd of ~80 cows. Approximately 90% of the cows had vesicles, erosions, papules, and scabs on the vulva and vaginal mucosa. Histologic analysis of biopsy tissues indicated a primary, although not specified, viral infection. Transmission electron microscopy revealed parapoxvirus particles in both tissue and vesicular materials...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152829/procedural-trends-outcomes-and-readmission-rates-pre-and-post-fda-approval-for-mitraclip-from-the-national-readmission-database-2013-14
#4
Sidakpal S Panaich, Shilpkumar Arora, Apurva Badheka, Varun Kumar, Elad Maor, Claire Raphael, Abhishek Deshmukh, Guy Reeder, Mackram Eleid, Charanjit S Rihal
BACKGROUND: There are sparse clinical data on the procedural trends, outcomes and readmission rates following FDA approval and expansion of Transcatheter mitral valve repair/MitraClip(®) . Whether a complex new technology can be disseminated safely and quickly is controversial. METHODS: The study cohort was derived from the National Readmission Data (NRD) 2013-14. MitraClip(®) was identified using appropriate International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes...
November 20, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151813/dietary-energy-density-applying-behavioural-science-to-weight-management
#5
B J Rolls
Studies conducted by behavioural scientists show that energy density (kcal/g) provides effective guidance for healthy food choices to control intake and promote satiety. Energy density depends upon a number of dietary components, especially water (0 kcal/g) and fat (9 kcal/g). Increasing the proportion of water or water-rich ingredients, such as vegetables or fruit, lowers a food's energy density. A number of studies show that when the energy density of the diet is reduced, both adults and children spontaneously decrease their ad libitum energy intake...
September 2017: Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150496/alginate-lyases-diversity-of-three-dimensional-structures-and-catalytic-mechanisms
#6
Fei Xu, Peng Wang, Yu-Zhong Zhang, Xiu-Lan Chen
Alginate is a linear polysaccharide mainly produced by brown algae in marine environments. Alginate consists of a linear block copolymer made up of two monomeric units, β-d-mannuronate (M) and its C5 epimer α-l-guluronate (G). Alginate lyases are polysaccharide lyases (PL) that degrade alginate via a β-elimination reaction. These enzymes play an important role in marine carbon recycling, and also have widespread industrial applications. So far, more than 1774 alginate lyase sequences have been identified and are distributed into 7 PL families...
November 17, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149892/monitoring-of-long-lasting-insecticidal-nets-llins-coverage-versus-utilization-a-community-based-survey-in-malaria-endemic-villages-of-central-india
#7
Kamaraju Raghavendra, Mehul Kumar Chourasia, Dipak Kumar Swain, Rajendra M Bhatt, Sreehari Uragayala, G D P Dutta, Immo Kleinschmidt
BACKGROUND: Despite the known effectiveness of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) in providing protection against malaria, high level of ownership and use are very difficult to achieve and maintain. Nearly 40,000 LLINs were distributed in 2014 as an intervention tool against malaria transmission in 80 villages of Keshkal sub-district in Chhattisgarh, India. This study assessed LLIN coverage, access, utilization pattern, and key determinants for the net use 1 year after mass distribution...
November 17, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149569/blue-thermally-activated-delayed-fluorescence-polymers-with-nonconjugated-backbone-and-through-space-charge-transfer-effect
#8
Shiyang Shao, Jun Hu, Xingdong Wang, Lixiang Wang, Xiabin Jing, Fosong Wang
We demonstrate a novel molecular design concept for thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) polymers based on a nonconjugated polyethylene backbone with through-space charge transfer effect between pendant electron donor (D) and electron acceptor (A) units. Different from conventional conjugated D-A polymers with through-bond charge transfer effect, the nonconjugated architecture avoids the direct conjugation between D and A units, enabling us to realize blue emission. Meanwhile, the spatial π-π interaction between the physically separated D and A units results in both small singlet-triplet energy splitting (0...
November 17, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149211/occupational-exposure-to-unburnt-tobacco-and-potential-risk-of-toxic-optic-neuropathy-a-cross-sectional-study-among-beedi-rollers-in-selected-rural-areas-of-coastal-karnataka-india
#9
Soujanya Kaup, Ansaba Naseer, Siddharudha Shivalli, Cynthia Arunachalam
BACKGROUND: Beedi also known as poor man's cigarette is manufactured in almost all major states of India. Beedi workers are exposed to various health risks. There is an increased risk of systemic absorption of tobacco through skin and mucous membrane. The optic nerve is susceptible to damage from several toxic substances including tobacco. This group of disorders is known as toxic optic neuropathy (TON). The association of TON with occupational exposure to unburnt tobacco in beedi rollers has not been explored...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148218/new-solutions-to-reduce-wrong-route-medication-errors
#10
REVIEW
Ronald S Litman, Victoria I Smith, Phoebe Mainland
Wrong route medication errors due to tubing misconnections are potentially life-threatening complications that have been made possible by the universal use of the Luer connector. The new International Organization of Standardization standards for small bore connectors, ISO 80369 series, have been developed to reduce the risk of these types of erroneous connections. Tubing connectors for different routes of clinical application will contain differently designed connectors that are physically incompatible. However, design and manufacturing standards have progressed slowly, and clinical roll-outs have been delayed, despite the implementation of California laws to promote their use...
November 17, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147539/reversible-control-of-cell-membrane-receptor-function-using-dna-nano-spring-multivalent-ligands
#11
Kaixiang Zhang, Ruijie Deng, Yupeng Sun, Ling Zhang, Jinghong Li
Chemically functionalized and nanostructured materials, which mimic the features of the natural extracellular matrix, provide a tool to organize cell surface receptors into nanoscale clusters and manipulate cell functions. However, the existing materials are mainly based on static structures. Herein, we developed a DNA based structure-switchable and multivalent material that acts as a 'nano-spring', enabling reversible control of membrane receptor function at the cell surface. This 'nano-spring' can be easily synthesized by rolling circle amplification and finely tuned by changing the circular template design...
October 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146395/correlation-between-intraoperative-proximal-segment-rotation-and-post-sagittal-split-ramus-osteotomy-relapse-a-three-dimensional-cone-beam-computed-tomography-study
#12
B-J Choi, B-S Lee, Y-D Kwon, J-W Lee, S-U Yun, K-S Ryu, J-Y Ohe
This study evaluated the effects of proximal segment rotation and the extent of mandibular setback on post-sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO) relapse using three-dimensional (3D) analysis. Thirty-one patients diagnosed with a skeletal class III malocclusion who underwent SSRO alone were enrolled in this study. The movements of the mandibular condyles were assessed using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and a 3D imaging program at ≤1 month before the operation (T0), 1 week after the operation (T1), and 6 months (T2) and 1year (T3) postoperative...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146385/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-implementation-of-good-life-with-osteoarthritis-in-denmark-gla-d-tm-group-education-and-exercise-for-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis-is-feasible-in-canada
#13
Aileen M Davis, Deborah Kennedy, Rosalind Wong, Susan Robarts, Søren T Skou, Rhona McGlasson, Linda C Li, Ewa Roos
OBJECTIVE: Adapt and evaluate the feasibility of implementing Good Life with osteoArthritis in Denmark (GLA:D(TM)) in Canada for people with mild to severe hip/knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: Patients triaged to non-surgical management participated in two education sessions and 12 supervised, neuromuscular exercise classes. We used the RE-AIM implementation framework evaluating outcomes of Reach, Effectiveness/Efficacy, Adoption, Implementation and Maintenance. Patients completed surveys pre-program and at 3 months follow-up...
November 13, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146355/gelatinized-wheat-starch-influences-crystallization-behaviour-and-structure-of-roll-in-shortenings-in-laminated-bakery-products
#14
Kristin D Mattice, Alejandro G Marangoni
One hydrogenated and one non-hydrogenated shortening were baked with isolated components of a croissant matrix, including crystalline wheat starch, gelatinized wheat starch, gluten, and formed gluten network. The impact of the matrix components on fat crystallization was analyzed for polymorphism using powder X-ray diffraction, solid fat content by pulsed nuclear magnetic resonance and thermal behaviour by differential scanning calorimetry. When compared to results obtained from croissants prepared with the respective shortenings, samples containing gelatinized wheat starch displayed notably similar results: polymorphic conversion, from the β' to β form over storage, and visually broader peaks in the melting endotherms indicating a greater temperature was required to completely melt all of the fat...
March 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143772/fault-detection-of-bearing-systems-through-eemd-and-optimization-algorithm
#15
Dong-Han Lee, Jong-Hyo Ahn, Bong-Hwan Koh
This study proposes a fault detection and diagnosis method for bearing systems using ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD) based feature extraction, in conjunction with particle swarm optimization (PSO), principal component analysis (PCA), and Isomap. First, a mathematical model is assumed to generate vibration signals from damaged bearing components, such as the inner-race, outer-race, and rolling elements. The process of decomposing vibration signals into intrinsic mode functions (IMFs) and extracting statistical features is introduced to develop a damage-sensitive parameter vector...
October 28, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142214/plastic-deformation-mechanisms-in-a-severely-deformed-fe-ni-al-c-alloy-with-superior-tensile-properties
#16
Yan Ma, Muxin Yang, Ping Jiang, Fuping Yuan, Xiaolei Wu
Nanostructured metals have high strength while they usually exhibit limited uniform elongation. While, a yield strength of approximately 2.1 GPa and a uniform elongation of about 26% were achieved in a severely deformed Fe-24.8%Ni-6.0%Al-0.38%C alloy in the present work. The plastic deformation mechanisms for the coarse-grained (CG) sample and the cold-rolled (CR) samples of this alloy were investigated by a series of mechanical tests and microstructure characterizations before and after tensile tests. No obvious phase transformation was observed during the tensile deformation for the CG sample, and the plastic deformation was found to be mainly accommodated by deformation twins and dislocation behaviors...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141484/cereal-fibre-intake-in-australia-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-2011-12-national-nutrition-and-physical-activity-survey
#17
Eden M Barrett, Yasmine C Probst, Eleanor J Beck
Extensive evidence supports health benefits of cereal fibre, however globally no national intake data exists. This study aimed to determine estimates of intake and food sources of cereal fibre, and relationships to dietary fibre intake in an Australian sample population. A cereal fibre database was applied to dietary intake data from the 2011-12 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (n = 12,153). Usual intake based on 2-day intake data was weighted to infer population results. Median daily cereal fibre intake was 6...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140272/an-investigation-of-polyoxometalate-hybrid-materials-as-patternable-dielectrics-and-lithographic-resists
#18
Brandon Hardie, Mark Roll
Polyoxometalate (POM) hybrid materials have shown potential as spin-coatable, patternable dielectric thin-films and components for lithographic resists. In particular, the octamolybdate cluster has been shown to possess good spin-coating properties and the patterning capabilities of hybrid octamolybdate thin-films were explored using a combination of broadband UV and electron beam lithography (EBL) techiniques. Dielectric properties of these films were determined by ellipsometry, and octamolybdate clusters were subsequently investigated as negative resists in various blends for potential uses in next-generation photolithography, where contrast, sensitivity, and line edge roughness characteristics were determined...
November 15, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140186/acute-effect-of-two-self-myofascial-release-protocols-on-hip-and-ankle-range-of-motion
#19
Amandda de Souza, Cristiano Gomes Sanchotene, Cristiano Moreira da Silva Lopes, Jader Alfredo Beck, Affonso Celso Kulevicz da Silva, Suzana Matheus Pereira, Caroline Ruschel
CONTEXT: Self-myofascial release (SMR) is an intervention popularly used by rehabilitation, fitness, and sports professionals to improve recovery and performance. In SMR, the athlete/patient himself applies pressure to the muscle and fascia, using various tools such as balls, rods, foam rolls and massagers. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the acute effect of two SMR protocols (short- and long-term) of the posterior thigh and calf muscles on hip and ankle range of motion (ROM) in physically active men...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137366/p-but-not-e-or-l-selectin-mediated-rolling-adhesion-persistence-in-hemodynamic-flow-diverges-between-metastatic-and-leukocytic-cells
#20
Erin Elizabeth Edwards, Jaeho Oh, Ananyaveena Anilkumar, Katherine Gayle Birmingham, Susan Napier Thomas
The ability of leukocytic cells to engage selectins via rolling adhesion is critical to inflammation, but selectins are also implicated in mediating metastatic dissemination. Using a microfluidic- and flow-based cell adhesion chromatography experimental and analytical technique, we interrogated the cell-subtype differences in engagement and sustainment of rolling adhesion on P-, E-, and L-selectin-functionalized surfaces in physiological flow. Our results indicate that, particularly at low concentrations of P-selectin, metastatic but not leukocytic cells exhibit reduced rolling adhesion persistence, whereas both cell subtypes exhibited reduced persistence on L-selectin and high persistence on E-selectin, differences not revealed by flow cytometry analysis or reflected in the extent or velocity of rolling adhesion...
October 13, 2017: Oncotarget
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