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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432889/reducing-domestic-heating-demand-managing-the-impact-of-behavior-changing-feedback-devices-via-marketing
#1
Thorben Jensen, Émile J L Chappin
Feedback devices can be used to inform households about their energy-consumption behavior. This may persuade them to practice energy conservation. The use of feedback devices can also-via word of mouth-spread among households and thereby support the spread of the incentivized behavior, e.g. energy-efficient heating behavior. This study investigates how to manage the impact of these environmental innovations via marketing. Marketing activities can support the diffusion of devices. This study aims to identify the most effective strategies of marketing feedback devices...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432739/effect-of-a-4-week-elastic-resistance-band-training-regimen-on-back-kinematics-in-horses-trotting-in-hand-and-on-the-lunge
#2
T Pfau, V Simons, N Rombach, N Stubbs, R Weller
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Training and rehabilitation techniques aiming at improving core muscle strength may result in increased dynamic stability of the equine vertebral column. A system of elastic resistance bands is suggested to provide proprioceptive feedback during motion to encourage recruitment of core abdominal and hindquarter musculature for improved dynamic stability. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the effects of a specific resistance band system on back kinematics during trot in-hand and during lungeing at beginning and end of a 4-week exercise programme...
April 22, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432007/caloric-compensation-in-preschool-children-relationships-with-body-mass-and-differences-by-food-category
#3
S Carnell, L Benson, E L Gibson, L A Mais, S Warkentin
Maintaining a healthy weight may involve compensating for previously consumed calories at subsequent meals. To test whether heavier children demonstrated poorer caloric compensation across a range of conditions, and to explore whether compensation failure was the result of inadequate adjustment of overall intake or specific over-consumption of highly palatable, high energy-density 'junk' foods, we administered two compensation tests to a sample of 4-5 y olds. For Test A, preloads varied only in carbohydrate content and were organoleptically indistinguishable (200 ml orange-flavored beverage [0 kcal vs...
April 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431016/somatic-transposition-and-meiotically-driven-elimination-of-an-active-helitron-family-in-pleurotus-ostreatus
#4
Alessandra Borgognone, Raúl Castanera, Elaia Muguerza, Antonio G Pisabarro, Lucía Ramírez
Helitrons constitute a superfamily of DNA transposons that were discovered in silico and are widespread in most eukaryotic genomes. They are postulated to mobilize through a "rolling-circle" mechanism, but the experimental evidence of their transposition has been described only recently. Here, we present the inheritance patterns of HELPO1 and HELPO2 helitron families in meiotically derived progeny of the basidiomycete Pleurotus ostreatus. We found distorted segregation patterns of HELPO2 helitrons that led to a strong under-representation of these elements in the progeny...
April 1, 2017: DNA Research: An International Journal for Rapid Publication of Reports on Genes and Genomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430322/prewound-assisted-technique-for-hydrophobic-foldable-intraocular-lens-implantation
#5
Takuya Shiba, Hiroshi Tsuneoka
PURPOSE: To describe a technique for intraocular lens (IOL) implantation that lessens the degree of surgical invasiveness by implanting a tightly rolled IOL through a small incision without touching the eye with the cartridge tip. METHODS: An IOL was inserted through an incision by first allowing the leading haptic to protrude slightly from the cartridge tip. It was then injected through the incision without allowing any part of the cartridge to touch the eye during IOL implantation...
April 7, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429919/home-availability-of-fruit-and-vegetables-and-obesogenic-foods-as-an-indicator-of-nutrient-intake-in-50-year-olds-from-canterbury-new-zealand
#6
Emily Grant, Richard Blair Gearry, Renée Wilson, John Pearson, Paula Marie Louise Skidmore
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The home food environment is known to influence children's diet and selected health outcomes. However, similar research in adults is scarce. The home is arguably the most important food environment for New Zealand adults as the majority of food consumed is stored and prepared in the home. Therefore we investigated relationships between home food availability and nutrient intake in 50 year olds from Canterbury, New Zealand. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study where participants completed a home food inventory and a four-day estimated food diary...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429498/separate-neural-systems-for-behavioral-change-and-for-emotional-responses-to-failure-during-behavioral-inhibition
#7
Wanlu Deng, Edmund T Rolls, Xiaoxi Ji, Trevor W Robbins, Tobias Banaschewski, Arun L W Bokde, Uli Bromberg, Christian Buechel, Sylvane Desrivières, Patricia Conrod, Herta Flor, Vincent Frouin, Juergen Gallinat, Hugh Garavan, Penny Gowland, Andreas Heinz, Bernd Ittermann, Jean-Luc Martinot, Herve Lemaitre, Frauke Nees, Dimitri Papadopoulos Orfanos, Luise Poustka, Michael N Smolka, Henrik Walter, Robert Whelan, Gunter Schumann, Jianfeng Feng
To analyze the involvement of different brain regions in behavioral inhibition and impulsiveness, differences in activation were investigated in fMRI data from a response inhibition task, the stop-signal task, in 1709 participants. First, areas activated more in stop-success (SS) than stop-failure (SF) included the lateral orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) extending into the inferior frontal gyrus (ventrolateral prefrontal cortex, BA 47/12), and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). Second, the anterior cingulate and anterior insula (AI) were activated more on failure trials, specifically in SF versus SS...
April 21, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428794/fine-mapping-of-a-novel-defective-glume-1-dg1-mutant-which-affects-vegetative-and-spikelet-development-in-rice
#8
Haiping Yu, Banpu Ruan, Zhongwei Wang, Deyong Ren, Yu Zhang, Yujia Leng, Dali Zeng, Jiang Hu, Guangheng Zhang, Li Zhu, Zhenyu Gao, Guang Chen, Longbiao Guo, Wenfu Chen, Qian Qian
In cereal crops, vegetative and spikelet development play important roles in grain yield and quality, but the genetic mechanisms that control vegetative and spikelet development remain poorly understood in rice. Here, we identified a new rice mutant, defective glume 1 (dg1) mutant from cultivar Zhonghua11 after ethyl methanesulfonate treatment. The dg1 mutant displayed the dwarfism with small, rolled leaves, which resulted from smaller cells and more bulliform cells. The dg1 mutant also had an enlarged leaf angle and defects in brassinosteroid signaling...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426386/new-zealanders-working-non-standard-hours-also-have-greater-exposure-to-other-workplace-hazards
#9
Sarah M Jay, Philippa H Gander, Amanda Eng, Soo Cheng, Jeroen Douwes, Lis Ellison-Loschmann, Dave McLean, Neil Pearce, Andrea 'tMannetje
Exposure to workplace hazards, such as dust, solvents, and fumes, has the potential to adversely affect the health of people. However, the effects of workplace hazards on health may differ when exposure occurs at different times in the circadian cycle, and among people who work longer hours or who do not obtain adequate sleep. The aim of the present study was to document exposures to workplace hazards across a national sample of New Zealanders, comparing people who work a standard 08:00 -17:00 h Monday-to-Friday working week (Std hours) and those who do not (N-Std hours)...
2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424719/comparative-analysis-of-root-traits-and-the-associated-qtls-for-maize-seedlings-grown-in-paper-roll-hydroponics-and-vermiculite-culture-system
#10
Zhigang Liu, Kun Gao, Shengchen Shan, Riling Gu, Zhangkui Wang, Eric J Craft, Guohua Mi, Lixing Yuan, Fanjun Chen
Root system architecture (RSA) plays an important role in the acquisition of both nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) from the environment. Currently RSA is rarely considered as criteria for selection to improve nutrient uptake efficiency in crop breeding. Under field conditions roots can be greatly influenced by uncontrolled environment factors. Therefore, it is necessary to develop fast selection methods for evaluating root traits of young seedlings in the lab which can then be related to high nutrient efficiency of adult plants in the field...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424219/down-regulation-of-rbo-pi4kiii%C3%AE-facilitates-a%C3%AE-42-secretion-and-ameliorates-neural-deficits-in-a%C3%AE-42-expressing-drosophila
#11
Xiao Zhang, Wen-An Wang, Li-Xiang Jiang, Hai-Yan Liu, Bao-Zhu Zhang, Nastasia Lim, Qing-Yi Li, Fu-De Huang
Phosphoinositides and their metabolizing enzymes are involved in Aβ42 metabolism and Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. In yeast and mammals, Eighty-five requiring 3 (EFR3), whose Drosophila homolog is Rolling Blackout (RBO), forms a plasma membrane-localized protein complex with phosphatidylinositol-4-kinase type IIIα(PI4KIIIα) and a scaffold protein to tightly control the level of plasmalemmal phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate (PI4P). Here, we report that RBO binds to Drosophila PI4KIIIα, and that in an Aβ42-expressing Drosophila model, separate genetic reduction of PI4KIIIα and RBO, or pharmacological inhibition of PI4KIIIα ameliorated synaptic transmission deficit, climbing ability decline, and premature death, and reduced neuronal accumulation of Aβ42 Moreover, we found that RBO-PI4KIIIa downregulation increased neuronal Aβ42 release, and that PI4P facilitated the assembly or oligomerization of Aβ42 in/on liposomes...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423818/an-approach-for-enhancing-adoption-use-and-utility-of-shared-digital-health-records-in-rural-australian-communities
#12
Helen Almond, Elizabeth Cummings, Paul Turner
Internationally, shared digital health records are considered an important addition to improving modern health care provision. Australia launched its version, My Health Record (MyHR), in 2012 but has experienced low adoption and challenges in practical implementation and evaluation. Individuals living with complex and chronic conditions in rural and remote communities often experience challenges in obtaining equitable access to health care provision. They are also supposed to face additional barriers to adopting and using eHealth services...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422649/visual-servoed-three-dimensional-rotation-control-in-zebrafish-larva-heart-microinjection-system
#13
Songlin Zhuang, Weiyang Lin, Jie Zhong, Gefei Zhang, Li Li, Jianbin Qiu, Huijun Gao
OBJECTIVE: Zebrafish larva heart microinjection is a widely used technique in cardiac disease study. Compared with intensively researched rotation control of spherical or nearly spherical targets with clear structures, such as cells and embryos, 3-D rotation control of zebrafish larva demands new techniques due to its non-transparent structures and irregular outlines. METHODS: In this paper, we present a vision-servo system to automate the rotation process of zebrafish larva body...
April 12, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422364/novel-technique-for-adhesion-barrier-insertion-by-using-cut-off-surgical-glove-fingers-in-laparoscopic-surgery
#14
Hitomi Nakagawa, Kazuaki Yoshimura, Kazuaki Nishimura, Toru Hachisuga
AIM: Laparoscopic surgery causes fewer postoperative adhesions than laparotomy and adhesion barriers are used to lessen the chance of adhesion. Sodium hyaluronate and carboxymethylcellulose (SH-CMC), a bioresorbable membrane, is effective in preventing adhesions. However, its properties make it difficult to insert the film into the abdominal cavity and to place it into the target area during laparoscopic surgeries. Here we report a novel technique for applying SH-CMC during laparoscopic surgeries by using cut-off surgical glove fingers...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421684/navigating-the-rolling-hills-of-justice-mental-disabilities-employment-and-the-evolving-jurisprudence-of-the-americans-with-disabilities-act
#15
Lauren Wylonis, Nina T Wylonis, Robert Sadoff
Mental illness and disability affect millions of individuals yearly in the U.S. The most important legislation protecting the mentally disabled in the workplace in the U.S. over the last half century has been the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and its associated legislation and guidance. Although the employee should first request reasonable accommodation with the employer, evaluation by a mental health professional is one of the initial steps for individuals who report significant psychiatric symptoms that are impairing their functioning at work in the U...
March 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421334/guideline-adherence-of-antidepressant-treatment-in-outpatients-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-naturalistic-study
#16
David P Herzog, Stefanie Wagner, Christian Ruckes, André Tadic, Sibylle C Roll, Martin Härter, Klaus Lieb
Little is known about guideline adherence of naturalistic antidepressant drug therapy in outpatients with major depressive disorder (MDD). The aim of the study was to analyze guideline adherence, especially regarding treatment length, treatment evaluation and medication change strategies. We investigated 889 patients with MDD who had been admitted for inpatient treatment and were enrolled in the early medication change trial (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00974155). We investigated all patients at screening visit regarding previous outpatient drug treatment in the index episode, which was assessed by structured interviews...
April 18, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421091/oil-palm-and-rubber-tree-water-use-patterns-effects-of-topography-and-flooding
#17
Afik Hardanto, Alexander Röll, Furong Niu, Ana Meijide, Hendrayanto, Dirk Hölscher
Oil palm and rubber plantations extend over large areas and encompass heterogeneous site conditions. In periods of high rainfall, plants in valleys and at riparian sites are more prone to flooding than plants at elevated topographic positions. We asked to what extent topographic position and flooding affect oil palm and rubber tree water use patterns and thereby influence spatial and temporal heterogeneity of transpiration. In an undulating terrain in the lowlands of Jambi, Indonesia, plantations of the two species were studied in plot pairs consisting of upland and adjacent valley plots...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420807/effects-of-modifications-to-the-health-and-social-sector-s-collective-agreement-on-the-objective-characteristics-of-working-hours
#18
Annina Ropponen, Päivi Vanttola, Aki Koskinen, Tarja Hakola, Sampsa Puttonen, Mikko Härmä
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of an intervention on objective working-hour characteristics. The intervention involved making modifications to the collective agreement that would limit employees' entitlement to time off as compensation. The intervention group consisted of 493 and the control group of 2303 health and social care shift workers, respectively. We analysed the objective pay roll-based working-hour data for 2012-2013, which we obtained from employers' records, using the repeated measures mixed model...
April 14, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420156/a-strain-based-method-to-estimate-slip-angle-and-tire-working-conditions-for-intelligent-tires-using-fuzzy-logic
#19
Daniel Garcia-Pozuelo, Jorge Yunta, Oluremi Olatunbosun, Xiaoguang Yang, Vicente Diaz
Tires equipped with sensors, the so-called "intelligent tires", can provide vital information for control systems, drivers and external users. In this research, tire dynamic strain characteristics in cornering conditions are collected and analysed in relation to the variation of tire working conditions, such as inflation pressure, rolling speed, vertical load and slip angle. An experimental tire strain-based prototype and an indoor tire test rig are used to demonstrate the suitability of strain sensors to establish relations between strain data and lateral force...
April 16, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420147/intake-levels-of-fish-in-the-uk-paediatric-population
#20
Sibylle Kranz, Nicholas R V Jones, Pablo Monsivais
The United Kingdom (UK) is an island and its culture, including diet, is heavily influenced by the maritime resources. Dietary guidance in the UK recommends intake of fish, which provides important nutrients, such as long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA). This study was designed to describe the fish intake habits of UK children using a nationally representative sample. Dietary and socio-demographic data of children 2-18 (N = 2096) in the National Diet and Nutrition Survey Rolling Program (NDNS) Years 1-4 (2008-2012) were extracted...
April 16, 2017: Nutrients
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